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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214446/development-of-algae-bacteria-granular-consortia-in-photo-sequencing-batch-reactor
#1
Lin Liu, Hongyong Fan, Yuhong Liu, Chaoxiang Liu, Xu Huang
The development and properties of algae-bacteria granular consortia, which cultivated with the algae (Chlorella and Scenedesmus) and aerobic granules, was investigated in this experiment. The results indicated that the granular consortia could be successfully developed by selection pressure control, and the algal biomass and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) concentration in the consortia showed notable correlation with the operating parameters of reactor. The maximum specific removal rates of total nitrogen and phosphate were obtained from the granular consortia with the highest algal biomass, yet the correlation between the fatty acid methyl esters yield and the algal biomass in the consortia was not markedly observed...
February 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213741/assembly-of-photoactive-orange-carotenoid-protein-from-its-domains-unravels-a-carotenoid-shuttle-mechanism
#2
Marcus Moldenhauer, Nikolai N Sluchanko, David Buhrke, Dmitry V Zlenko, Neslihan N Tavraz, Franz-Josef Schmitt, Peter Hildebrandt, Eugene G Maksimov, Thomas Friedrich
The photoswitchable orange carotenoid protein (OCP) is indispensable for cyanobacterial photoprotection by quenching phycobilisome fluorescence upon photoconversion from the orange OCP(O) to the red OCP(R) form. Cyanobacterial genomes frequently harbor, besides genes for orange carotenoid proteins (OCPs), several genes encoding homologs of OCP's N- or C-terminal domains (NTD, CTD). Unlike the well-studied NTD homologs, called Red Carotenoid Proteins (RCPs), the role of CTD homologs remains elusive. We show how OCP can be reassembled from its functional domains...
February 17, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213307/enhanced-toxicity-to-the-cyanobacterium-microcystis-aeruginosa-by-low-dosage-repeated-exposure-to-the-allelochemical-n-phenyl-1-naphthylamine
#3
Y N Gao, F J Ge, L P Zhang, Y He, Z Y Lu, Y Y Zhang, B Y Liu, Q H Zhou, Z B Wu
It has been puzzling whether and how a plant could exert a strong allelopathic inhibition to the target organisms by releasing low concentrations of allelochemicals. Plant allelochemicals have been proposed to be released continuously, however, direct evidence from specific allelochemicals is urgently required. In the present study, the toxicity of allelochemical N-phenyl-1-naphthylamine (NPN) towards the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa by two different exposure patterns was compared. One was low-dosage repeated exposure (LRE), in which 50  μg L(-1) NPN was repeatedly dosed to simulate the continual release of allelochemicals, and the other one was high-dosage single exposure (HSE) as per the routine toxicity assay...
January 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211884/responses-of-spatial-temporal-dynamics-of-bacterioplankton-community-to-large-scale-reservoir-operation-a-case-study-in-the-three-gorges-reservoir-china
#4
Zhe Li, Lunhui Lu, Jinsong Guo, Jixiang Yang, Jiachao Zhang, Bin He, Linlin Xu
Large rivers are commonly regulated by damming, yet the effects of such disruption on bacterioplankton community structures have not been adequately studied. The aim of this study was to explore the biogeographical patterns present under dam regulation and to uncover the major drivers structuring bacterioplankton communities. Bacterioplankton assemblages in the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) were analyzed using Illumina Miseq sequencing by comparing seven sites located within the TGR before and after impoundment...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211537/ambient-ultrafine-particle-ingestion-alters-gut-microbiota-in-association-with-increased-atherogenic-lipid-metabolites
#5
Rongsong Li, Jieping Yang, Arian Saffari, Jonathan Jacobs, Kyung In Baek, Greg Hough, Muriel H Larauche, Jianguo Ma, Nelson Jen, Nabila Moussaoui, Bill Zhou, Hanul Kang, Srinivasa Reddy, Susanne M Henning, Matthew J Campen, Joseph Pisegna, Zhaoping Li, Alan M Fogelman, Constantinos Sioutas, Mohamad Navab, Tzung K Hsiai
Ambient particulate matter (PM) exposure is associated with atherosclerosis and inflammatory bowel disease. Ultrafine particles (UFP, dp < 0.1-0.2 μm) are redox active components of PM. We hypothesized that orally ingested UFP promoted atherogenic lipid metabolites in both the intestine and plasma via altered gut microbiota composition. Low density lipoprotein receptor-null (Ldlr(-/-)) mice on a high-fat diet were orally administered with vehicle control or UFP (40 μg/mouse/day) for 3 days a week...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211005/resequencing-and-annotation-of-the-nostoc-punctiforme-attc-29133-genome-facilitating-biofuel-and-high-value-chemical-production
#6
Luis E Moraes, Matthew J Blow, Erik R Hawley, Hailan Piao, Rita Kuo, Jennifer Chiniquy, Nicole Shapiro, Tanja Woyke, James G Fadel, Matthias Hess
Cyanobacteria have the potential to produce bulk and fine chemicals and members belonging to Nostoc sp. have received particular attention due to their relatively fast growth rate and the relative ease with which they can be harvested. Nostoc punctiforme is an aerobic, motile, Gram-negative, filamentous cyanobacterium that has been studied intensively to enhance our understanding of microbial carbon and nitrogen fixation. The genome of the type strain N. punctiforme ATCC 29133 was sequenced in 2001 and the scientific community has used these genome data extensively since then...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210833/energy-transfer-in-anabaena-variabilis-filaments-adapted-to-nitrogen-depleted-and-nitrogen-enriched-conditions-studied-by-time-resolved-fluorescence
#7
Aya Onishi, Shimpei Aikawa, Akihiko Kondo, Seiji Akimoto
Nitrogen is among the most important nutritious elements for photosynthetic organisms such as plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. Therefore, nitrogen depletion severely compromises the growth, development, and photosynthesis of these organisms. To preserve their integrity under nitrogen-depleted conditions, filamentous nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria reduce atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia, and self-adapt by regulating their light-harvesting and excitation energy-transfer processes. To investigate the changes in the primary processes of photosynthesis, we measured the steady-state absorption and fluorescence spectra and time-resolved fluorescence spectra (TRFS) of whole filaments of the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis at 77 K...
February 16, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209478/algal-bloom-response-and-risk-management-on-site-response-tools
#8
Susan B Watson, Arthur Zastepa, Gregory L Boyer, Eric Matthews
Harmful algal blooms caused by cyanobacteria can present a risk to the safety of drinking- and recreational waters and beachfronts through the production of toxins, particularly microcystin, which are highly resilient to degradation. These blooms are difficult to predict, vary in appearance and toxicity, and can show significant spatial heterogeneity: wind- and current-borne scums can produce an order of magnitude range in toxin levels along shorelines. The growing demand for reliable, cost-effective and rapid methods to detect toxins in bloom material and reduce the risk of public exposure cannot be met by most analytical lab turnaround times...
February 13, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208772/transcriptional-and-behavioral-responses-of-zebrafish-larvae-to-microcystin-lr-exposure
#9
Eleni Tzima, Iliana Serifi, Ioanna Tsikari, Ainhoa Alzualde, Ioannis Leonardos, Thomais Papamarcaki
Microcystins are cyclic heptapeptides that constitute a diverse group of toxins produced by cyanobacteria. One of the most toxic variants of this family is microcystin-LR (MCLR) which is a potent inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and induces cytoskeleton alterations. In this study, zebrafish larvae exposed to 500 μg/L of MCLR for four days exhibited a 40% reduction of PP2A activity compared to the controls, indicating early effects of the toxin. Gene expression profiling of the MCLR-exposed larvae using microarray analysis revealed that keratin 96 (krt96) was the most downregulated gene, consistent with the well-documented effects of MCLR on cytoskeleton structure...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208670/eutrophication-and-warming-boost-cyanobacterial-biomass-and-microcystins
#10
Miquel Lürling, Frank van Oosterhout, Elisabeth Faassen
Eutrophication and warming are key drivers of cyanobacterial blooms, but their combined effects on microcystin (MC) concentrations are less studied. We tested the hypothesis that warming promotes cyanobacterial abundance in a natural plankton community and that eutrophication enhances cyanobacterial biomass and MC concentrations. We incubated natural seston from a eutrophic pond under normal, high, and extreme temperatures (i.e., 20, 25, and 30 °C) with and without additional nutrients added (eutrophication) mimicking a pulse as could be expected from projected summer storms under climate change...
February 11, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207058/competition-between-cyanobacteria-and-green-algae-at-low-versus-elevated-co2-who-will-win-and-why
#11
Xing Ji, Jolanda M H Verspagen, Maayke Stomp, Jef Huisman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205600/non-reliance-of-metazoans-on-stromatolite-forming-microbial-mats-as-a-food-resource
#12
Gavin M Rishworth, Renzo Perissinotto, Matthew S Bird, Nadine A Strydom, Nasreen Peer, Nelson A F Miranda, Jacqueline L Raw
Grazing and burrowing organisms usually homogenise microalgal mats that form on benthic sediments of many aquatic ecosystems. In the absence of this disruption, microalgal mats can accrete laminated deposits (stromatolites). Stromatolites are rare in modern coastal ecosystems, but persist at locations where metazoans are largely excluded. This study aimed to assess the trophic structure at stromatolite locations where metazoans co-occur, to determine the grazing influence exerted by the metazoans on the stromatolite-forming microalgae (cyanobacteria and diatoms)...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205244/spatial-organization-of-the-three-component-lichen-peltigera-aphthosa-in-functional-terms
#13
Konstantin Chekanov, Alexandr Feoktistov, Elena Lobakova
The cephalolichen Peltigera aphthosa (L.) Willd. is characterized by lateral heterogeneity, which manifests itself in the presence of three thallus zones, referred to as the apical, basal and medial zone. These zones differ in terms of interaction between lichen bionts and their physiological activity. The apical thallus zone is more efficient in establishing a contact with cyanobacteria, due to a higher lectin content and a larger overall thallus surface area due to the presence of numerous mycobiont hyphae...
February 16, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204529/the-multicellular-nature-of-filamentous-heterocyst-forming-cyanobacteria
#14
Antonia Herrero, Joel Stavans, Enrique Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203229/editorial-biotechnology-of-microalgae-based-on-molecular-biology-and-biochemistry-of-eukaryotic-algae-and-cyanobacteria
#15
EDITORIAL
Takashi Osanai, Youn-Il Park, Yuki Nakamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202362/effects-of-crude-extracts-of-a-saxitoxin-producer-strain-of-the-cyanobacterium-cylindrospermopsis-raciborskii-on-the-swimming-behavior-of-wild-and-laboratory-reared-guppy-poecilia-vivipara
#16
Karina C Lopes, Aloysio da S Ferrão-Filho, Everton G N Dos Santos, Rodolfo A Cunha, Cláudia P Santos
The cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii is an invasive species in water supply reservoirs worldwide, which can produces cylindrospermopsins and saxitoxins. In the wild, guppy (Poecilia vivipara) can be exposed to cyanotoxins, but those born and reared in laboratory are free of this contact. The aim of this paper was to comparatively measure the locomotor activity of 'wild' and 'lab' P. vivipara before and after exposure to crude extracts of two different cultures of C. raciborskii (CYRF-01), a saxitoxin-procucer strain...
February 12, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199209/photosystem-ii-and-terminal-respiratory-oxidases-molecular-machines-operating-in-opposite-directions
#17
Sergey A Siletsky, Vitaliy B Borisov, Mahir D Mamedov
In the thylakoid membrane of green plants, cyanobacteria and algae, photosystem II (PSII) uses light energy to split water and generate molecular oxygen. In the opposite process of the biochemical transformation of dioxygen, in heterotrophs, the terminal respiratory oxidases (TRO) are at the end of the respiratory chain in mitochondria and in plasma membrane of many aerobic bacteria reducing dioxygen back to water. Despite the different sources of free energy (light or oxidation of the substrates), energy conversion by these enzymes is based on the spatial organization of enzymatic reactions in which the conversion of water to dioxygen (and vice versa) involves the transfer of protons and electrons in opposite directions across the membrane, which is accompanied by generation of proton-motive force...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196492/long-term-microfluidic-tracking-of-coccoid-cyanobacterial-cells-reveals-robust-control-of-division-timing
#18
Feiqiao Brian Yu, Lisa Willis, Rosanna Man Wah Chau, Alessandro Zambon, Mark Horowitz, Devaki Bhaya, Kerwyn Casey Huang, Stephen R Quake
BACKGROUND: Cyanobacteria are important agents in global carbon and nitrogen cycling and hold great promise for biotechnological applications. Model organisms such as Synechocystis sp. and Synechococcus sp. have advanced our understanding of photosynthetic capacity and circadian behavior, mostly using population-level measurements in which the behavior of individuals cannot be monitored. Synechocystis sp. cells are small and divide slowly, requiring long-term experiments to track single cells...
February 14, 2017: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195401/analysis-of-microcystins-using-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-and-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-with-silica-coated-magnetite-with-cetylpyridinium-chloride
#19
Qiuying Li, Lili Lian, Xiyue Wang, Runnan Wang, Yuanyuan Tian, Xiaoyang Guo, Dawei Lou
Microcystins, produced by freshwater cyanobacteria, can be serious water pollutants, so it is important to monitor their concentration in drinking water. We have developed a method for rapid and accurate determination of microcystin levels in environmental water, using magnetic solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection. The magnetic composite material, which was combined with cetylpyridinium chloride, was prepared by hydrothermal synthesis. The optimal extraction of microcystins in water sample was achieved by optimizing the amount of adsorbent, the time of adsorption, the ratio of eluting solvent, and the volume of eluent...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195147/geosmin-producing-species-of-coelosphaerium-synechococcales-cyanobacteria-in-lake-shinji-japan
#20
T Godo, Y Saki, Y Nojiri, M Tsujitani, S Sugahara, S Hayashi, H Kamiya, S Ohtani, Y Seike
In Lake Shinji, Japan, periodic outbreaks of musty odour have occurred since mid-May 2007. Although the substance responsible for the odour was identified as geosmin, the odour-producing organism was unknown. We cultivated an axenic unialgal strain and determined that a species of Coelosphaerium (Synechococcales) was responsible for the production of geosmin in Lake Shinji. Our analysis was conducted using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry to determine the odorous compound. To determine the algae species, it was observed by optical microscopy to describe its morphological characteristics and the polymerase chain reaction was used to characterise the nucleotide sequence of the 16S rRNA gene and the 16S-23S rRNA internal transcribed spacer region...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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