Read by QxMD icon Read


Miguel A Hernández-Prieto, Yaqiong Li, Bradley L Postier, Robert E Blankenship, Min Chen
Light quantity and quality promotes ecological-niche differentiation of photosynthetic organisms. The existence of cyanobacteria capable of performing photosynthesis using red-shifted chlorophylls, chlorophyll d and f, reduces competition between species in light-limiting environments, and permits them to thrive in niches enriched in far-red light. We examined global transcriptome changes due to changing the culture light conditions in Acaryochloris marina, a chlorophyll d-containing cyanobacterium. We identified the functional category of "photosynthesis" as the most down-regulated and the category of "cell wall/membrane biogenesis" as the most up-regulated through a functional enrichment analysis of genes differentially expressed...
October 20, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
Zhe Sun, Xin Liu, Jiangna Guo, Dan Xu, Songdong Shen, Feng Yan
Cyanobacteria blooms possess serious threats to water resources. Herein, we report the synthesis of polyanionic membranes (PA-M) by in situ photo-crosslinking of a sulfate-based anionic monomer followed by cation-exchange with metal cations, Fe(3+) (PA-Fe), Cu(2+) (PA-Cu), or Zn(2+) (PA-Zn). The effect of cations on the anti-cyanobacterial activities against both Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) and Anabaena flos-aquae (A. flos-aquae) was investigated. All the prepared metal-containing membranes (PA-Fe, PA-Cu, PA-Zn) exhibit high anti-cyanobacterial activities and long-term anti-cyanobacterial stability, demonstrating that the synthesized PA-M membranes can be used as an effective and safe inhibitor to control cyanobacterial blooms...
October 20, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Rong Xiang, Junqiong Shi, Yi Yu, Hongbo Zhang, Congcong Dong, Yanjun Yang, Zhongxing Wu
To investigate the effect of bisphenol A (BPA) on Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Cyanobacteria) and Scenedesmus quadricauda (Chlorophyta), we grew the two species at BPA concentrations of 0, 0.1, 1, 2, 5, 10, and 20 mg/L and examined their growth, lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzyme activity, and chlorophyll a fluorescence. The 96-h EC50 values (effective concentration causing 50% growth inhibition) for BPA in C. raciborskii and S. quadricauda were 9.663 ± 0.047, and 13.233 ± 0.069 mg/L, respectively...
October 19, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Lei Wang, David S Dandy
The ability to study individual bacteria or subcellular organelles using inertial microfluidics is still nascent. This is due, in no small part, to the significant challenges associated with concentrating and separating specific sizes of micrometer and sub-micrometer bioparticles in a microfluidic format. In this study, using a rigid polymeric microfluidic network with optimized microchannel geometry dimensions, it is demonstrated that 2 µm, and even sub-micrometer, particles can be continuously and accurately focused to stable equilibrium positions...
October 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Mouhamed Ndong, David Bird, Tri Nguyen Quang, René Kahawita, David Hamilton, Marie Laure de Boutray, Michèle Prévost, Sarah Dorner
Toxic cyanobacteria (CB) blooms are being reported in an increasing number of water bodies worldwide. As drinking water (DW) treatment can be disrupted by CB, in addition to long term management plans, short term operational decision-making tools are needed that enable an understanding of the temporal variability of CB movement in relation to drinking water intakes. In this paper, we propose a novel conservative model based on a Eulerian framework and compare results with data from CB blooms in Missisquoi Bay (Québec, Canada)...
October 10, 2017: Water Research
Xianpeng Li, Ran Liao, Jialing Zhou, Priscilla T Y Leung, Meng Yan, Hui Ma
We present the Mueller matrix imaging system to classify morphologically similar algae based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs). The algae and cyanobacteria data set contains 10,463 Mueller matrices from eight species of algae and one species of cyanobacteria, belonging to four phyla, the shapes of which are mostly randomly oriented spheres, ovals, wheels, or rods. The CNN serves as an automatic machine with learning ability to help in extracting features from the Mueller matrix, and trains a classifier to achieve a 97% classification accuracy...
August 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Jun Zhang, Jianfei Ma, Desheng Liu, Song Qin, Shan Sun, Jindong Zhao, Sen-Fang Sui
Life on Earth depends on photosynthesis for its conversion of solar energy to chemical energy. Photosynthetic organisms have developed a variety of light-harvesting systems to capture sunlight. The largest light-harvesting complex is the phycobilisome (PBS), the main light-harvesting antenna in cyanobacteria and red algae. It is composed of phycobiliproteins and linker proteins but the assembly mechanisms and energy transfer pathways of the PBS are not well understood. Here we report the structure of a 16.8-megadalton PBS from a red alga at 3...
October 18, 2017: Nature
Brandon S Guida, Maitrayee Bose, Ferran Garcia-Pichel
Photoautotrophs assimilate oxidized carbon obtained from one of two sources: dissolved or atmospheric. Despite its size, the pool of lithospheric carbonate is not known to be a direct source for autotrophy. Yet, the mechanism that euendolithic cyanobacteria use to excavate solid carbonates suggests that minerals could directly supply CO2 for autotrophy. Here, we use stable isotopes and NanoSIMS to show that the cyanobacterium Mastigocoleus testarum derives most of its carbon from the mineral it excavates, growing preferentially as an endolith when lacking dissolved CO2...
October 18, 2017: Nature Communications
Ryan A Vandermeulen, Antonio Mannino, Aimee Neeley, Jeremy Werdell, Robert Arnone
Using a modified geostatistical technique, empirical variograms were constructed from the first derivative of several diverse Remote Sensing Reflectance and Phytoplankton Absorbance spectra to describe how data points are correlated with "distance" across the spectra. The maximum rate of information gain is measured as a function of the kurtosis associated with the Gaussian structure of the output, and is determined for discrete segments of spectra obtained from a variety of water types (turbid river filaments, coastal waters, shelf waters, a dense Microcystis bloom, and oligotrophic waters), as well as individual and mixed phytoplankton functional types (PFTs; diatoms, eustigmatophytes, cyanobacteria, coccolithophores)...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
Kinuko Ueno, Yuta Sakai, Chika Shono, Ippei Sakamoto, Kaori Tsukakoshi, Yukako Hihara, Koji Sode, Kazunori Ikebukuro
Cyanobacteria are one of the most attractive hosts for biofuel production; however, genetic approaches to regulate specific chromosomal genes in cyanobacteria remain limited. With the aim of developing a novel method to regulate chromosomal gene expression in cyanobacteria, we focused on riboregulatory technology. Riboregulators are composed of two RNA fragments whose interaction leads to target gene regulation with high specificity. In this study, we inserted a riboregulator sequence upstream of the chromosomal gene encoding AbrB-like transcriptional regulator, cyAbrB2, to investigate the utility of this tool...
October 16, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Sandra J Kuhlman, L Michon Craig, Jeanne F Duffy
A diverse range of species, from cyanobacteria to humans, evolved endogenous biological clocks that allow for the anticipation of daily variations in light and temperature. The ability to anticipate regular environmental rhythms promotes optimal performance and survival. Herein we present a brief historical timeline of how circadian concepts and terminology have emerged since the early observation of daily leaf movement in plants made by an astronomer in the 1700s.
October 16, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
Koji L Ode, Hiroki R Ueda
The circadian clock in cyanobacteria employs a posttranslational oscillator composed of a sequential phosphorylation-dephosphorylation cycle of KaiC protein, in which the dynamics of protein structural changes driven by temperature-compensated KaiC's ATPase activity are critical for determining the period. On the other hand, circadian clocks in eukaryotes employ transcriptional feedback loops as a core mechanism. In this system, the dynamics of protein accumulation and degradation affect the circadian period...
October 16, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
Joaquín Giner-Lamia, Rocío Robles-Rengel, Miguel A Hernández-Prieto, M Isabel Muro-Pastor, Francisco J Florencio, Matthias E Futschik
In cyanobacteria, nitrogen homeostasis is maintained by an intricate regulatory network around transcription factor NtcA. Although mechanisms controlling NtcA activity appear to be well understood, its regulon remains poorly defined. To determine the NtcA regulon during the early stages of nitrogen starvation for the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation, followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq), in parallel with transcriptome analysis (RNA-seq). Through combining these methods, we determined 51 genes activated and 28 repressed directly by NtcA...
October 3, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Thorsten Bauersachs, Helen M Talbot, Frances Sidgwick, Kaarina Sivonen, Lorenz Schwark
The recent proliferation of harmful cyanobacterial blooms (cyanoHABs) in the Baltic and other marginal seas poses a severe threat for the health of infested ecosystems as e.g. the massive export and decay of cyanobacterial biomass facilitates the spread of bottom water hypoxia. There is evidence that cyanoHABs occurred repeatedly in the Baltic Sea but knowledge of their spatiotemporal distribution and the cyanobacteria that contributed to them is limited. In this study, we examined representatives of the major bloom-forming heterocystous cyanobacteria (i...
2017: PloS One
Jin Hee Park, Bong-Soo Kim, Chul-Min Chon
Different environmental conditions such as pH and dissolved elements of mine stream induce precipitation of different minerals and their associated microbial community may vary. Therefore, mine precipitates from various environmental conditions were collected and their associated microbiota were analyzed through metagenomic DNA sequencing. Various Fe and Mn minerals including ferrihydrite, schwertmannite, goethite, birnessite, and Mn-substituted δ-FeOOH (δ-(Fe1-x, Mnx)OOH) were found in the different environmental conditions...
October 9, 2017: Chemosphere
L M Ward, A Idei, S Terajima, T Kakegawa, W W Fischer, S E McGlynn
Banded iron formations (BIFs) are rock deposits common in the Archean and Paleoproterozoic (and regionally Neoproterozoic) sedimentary successions. Multiple hypotheses for their deposition exist, principally invoking the precipitation of iron via the metabolic activities of oxygenic, photoferrotrophic, and/or aerobic iron-oxidizing bacteria. Some isolated environments support chemistry and mineralogy analogous to processes involved in BIF deposition, and their study can aid in untangling the factors that lead to iron precipitation...
November 2017: Geobiology
T L Hamilton, P V Welander, H L Albrecht, J M Fulton, I Schaperdoth, L R Bird, R E Summons, K H Freeman, J L Macalady
Little Salt Spring (Sarasota County, FL, USA) is a sinkhole with groundwater vents at ~77 m depth. The entire water column experiences sulfidic (~50 μM) conditions seasonally, resulting in a system poised between oxic and sulfidic conditions. Red pinnacle mats occupy the sediment-water interface in the sunlit upper basin of the sinkhole, and yielded 16S rRNA gene clones affiliated with Cyanobacteria, Chlorobi, and sulfate-reducing clades of Deltaproteobacteria. Nine bacteriochlorophyll e homologues and isorenieratene indicate contributions from Chlorobi, and abundant chlorophyll a and pheophytin a are consistent with the presence of Cyanobacteria...
November 2017: Geobiology
Swarnendu Banerjee, Abhishek Subramanian, Joydev Chattopadhyay, Ram Rup Sarkar
Toxic cyanobacteria blooms populate water bodies by consuming external nutrients and releasing cyanotoxins that are detrimental for other aquatic species, producing a significant impact on the plankton ecosystem and food web. To exercise population-level control of toxin production, understanding the biochemical mechanisms that explain cyanotoxin regulation within a bacterial cell is of utmost importance. In this study, we explore the mechanistic events to investigate the dependence of toxin microcystin on external nitrogen, a known regulator of the toxin, and for the first time, propose a kinetic model that analyzes the intracellular conditions required to ensure nitrogen dependence on microcystin...
October 16, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
Abua Ikem, Chung-Ho Lin, Bob Broz, Monty Kerley, Ho Le Thi
Enrofloxacin (ENRO), a fluoroquinolone, was quantified in overflows from an animal lot and residential sewage lagoons and in a receiving-stream (Gans Creek). The concentrations of ENRO in samples was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry. In total, ninety samples including duplicates were analyzed during several monthly sampling campaigns. The samples collected represented the residential sewage lagoon overflow (RLO), animal lot lagoon overflow (ALLO), the combined overflows (RLO and ALLO), and Gans Creek (upstream, midstream and downstream positions)...
October 2017: Heliyon
Yangyang Yang, Jun Hou, Peifang Wang, Chao Wang, Lingzhan Miao, Yanhui Ao, Xun Wang, Bowen Lv, Guoxiang You, Zhilin Liu, Yongxu Shao
The behaviors of nanoparticles rely on the aqueous condition such as natural organic matter (NOM). Therefore the presence of NOM would influence the interaction of nanoparticles with other substances possibly. Here, microcystin-LR (MC-LR) adsorption on iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) was studied in an aqueous solution with different types of NOM, including extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) from cyanobacteria and alginic acid sodium salt (AASS) from brown algae. Results revealed that EPS played an important role in stabilizing IONPs and in the toxin adsorption efficiency...
October 12, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"