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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929867/innovation-productivity-and-pricing-capturing-value-from-precision-medicine-technology-in-canada
#1
J C Herbert Emery, Jennifer D Zwicker
For new technology and innovation such as precision medicine to become part of the solution for the fiscal sustainability of Canadian Medicare, decision-makers need to change how services are priced rather than trying to restrain emerging technologies like precision medicine for short-term cost savings. If provincial public payers shift their thinking to be public purchasers, value considerations would direct reform of the reimbursement system to have prices that adjust with technologically driven productivity gains...
July 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#2
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919404/emergency-in-the-clinic-a-simulation-curriculum-to-improve-outpatient-safety
#3
Eve Espey, Gillian Baty, John Rask, Michelle Chungtuyco, Brenda Pereda, Lawrence Leeman
BACKGROUND: Emergency response skills are essential when events such as seizure, anaphylaxis or hemorrhage occur in the outpatient setting. As services and procedures increasingly move outside the hospital, training to manage complications may improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate a simulation-based curriculum in outpatient emergency management skills with the outcome measures of graded objective performance and learner self-efficacy...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918448/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-screening-interventions-for-assessing-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-women-considering-combined-oral-contraceptives
#4
REVIEW
Zanfina Ademi, C Simone Sutherland, Joris Van Stiphout, Jöelle Michaud, Goranka Tanackovic, Matthias Schwenkglenks
Use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) by women increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which can have a major impact on an individuals' quality of life. VTE is also associated with an increase in healthcare costs. Our aim was to systematically review cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) considering any screening for risk of VTE in women using COCs. The quality of reporting in each study was assessed, a summary of results was prepared, and the key drivers of cost effectiveness in each of the eligible CEAs were identified...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914069/the-role-of-a%C3%A2-hospital-pharmacist-in-the-management-of-asthma-in-great-britain
#5
Inka Sembol, Božena Macešková
The role of the pharmacist in the asthma management is well established. However, there is still a considerable number of patients with suboptimal asthma control affecting patients quality of life and resulting in poor outcomes, morbidity and mortality. The aim was to identify patients factors, explore the hospital pharmacists role in the asthma management and identify any areas for improvement in Great Britain. Qualitative data collection was selected. Patients case studies and semi-structured open interviews with the hospital multi-disciplinary team (MDT) were applied...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901871/citizenship-and-learning-disabled-people-the-mental-health-charity-mind-s-1970s-campaign-in-historical%C3%A2-context
#6
Jonathan Toms
Current policy and practice directed towards people with learning disabilities originates in the deinstitutionalisation processes, civil rights concerns and integrationist philosophies of the 1970s and 1980s. However, historians know little about the specific contexts within which these were mobilised. Although it is rarely acknowledged in the secondary literature, MIND was prominent in campaigning for rights-based services for learning disabled people during this time. This article sets MIND's campaign within the wider historical context of the organisation's origins as a main institution of the inter-war mental hygiene movement...
October 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891235/financial-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#7
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Elizabeth Paulsen, Simon Lewin, Agustín Ciapponi, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Gabriel Rada, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: One target of the Sustainable Development Goals is to achieve "universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all". A fundamental concern of governments in striving for this goal is how to finance such a health system. This concern is very relevant for low-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the evidence from up-to-date systematic reviews about the effects of financial arrangements for health systems in low-income countries...
September 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886611/-mass-casualty-incident-special-features-of-threatening-situations
#8
Björn Hossfeld, Thomas Wurmb, Florent Josse, Matthias Helm
Terrorist attacks or amok runs may cause "threatening situations" for emergency medical services (EMS), fire fighters and physicians. Cooperation with the police is of paramount importance. In order to minimize the risk to rescue personnel and affected persons, emergency medical care has to follow tactical principles. So, the strategy in such "threatening situations" is "Stop the bleeding and clear the scene". The police define three areas of danger: unsafe, partly safe and secure. Medical care in these areas follows the concept of Tactical Combat Casualty Care...
September 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885939/outcomes-from-u-s-military-supported-overseas-training-rotations-in-tropical-medicine-and-global-health-2006-2015
#9
James D Mancuso, Eric C Garges, Patrick W Hickey, Rodney L Coldren, Amy K Korman, Lisa W Keep, Robert F DeFraites, Jose L Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Since 2006, the Division of Tropical Public Health at the Uniformed Services University (USU) has sponsored the Tropical Medicine Training Program (TMTP). Despite practice guidelines stating that global health education should include the collection and evaluation of data on the impact of the training experiences, no quantitative evaluation of program outcomes had previously occurred. The objective of this report was to evaluate TMTP outcomes to guide program improvement. METHODS: We developed an anonymous, web-based survey to assess program outcomes as part of routine program evaluation...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884282/efficiency-analysis-of-integrated-public-hospital-networks-in-outpatient-internal-medicine
#10
Miguel Angel Ortíz-Barrios, Juan P Escorcia-Caballero, Fabián Sánchez-Sánchez, Fabio De Felice, Antonella Petrillo
Healthcare systems are evolving towards a complex network of interconnected services due to the increasing costs and the increasing expectations for high service levels. It is evidenced in the literature the importance of implementing management techniques and sophisticated methods to improve the efficiency of healthcare systems, especially in emerging economies. This paper proposes an integrated collaboration model between two public hospitals to reach the reduction of weighted average lead time in outpatient internal medicine department...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883977/management-of-plasmodium-vivax-risk-and-illness-in-travelers
#11
EDITORIAL
J Kevin Baird
Malaria poses an exceptionally complex problem for providers of travel medicine services. Perceived high risk of exposure during travel typically prompts prescribing protective antimalarial drugs. Suppressive chemoprophylactic agents have dominated strategy for that practice for over 70 years. This broad class of therapeutic agents kills parasites after they emerge from the liver and attempt development in red blood cells. The dominance of suppressive chemoprophylaxis in travel medicine stems largely from the view of Plasmodium falciparum as the utmost threat to the patient - these drugs are poorly suited to preventing Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale due to inactivity against the latent liver stages of these species not produced by P...
2017: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876710/-hospital-pathway-of-complex-patients-in-a-medical-service-of-a-local-hospital
#12
Claire Bardini, Gatete Karege, Anna Christe, Laurent Christin
In the current Swiss medical system, hospital care is provided by both university hospitals and so-called « peripheral » hospitals. While university hospitals offer advanced technology and a wide range of medical specialists, how is care organized within the smaller, less complex structure of a peripheral hospital ? In emergencies, although patients usually go to their local hospital, they should not be exposed to lower quality care. Quality treatment is guaranteed by a well-organized structure, supported by a competent team of general doctors and specialists who have access to advanced technology...
September 6, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875731/outpatient-palliative-cardiology-service-embedded-within-a-heart-failure-clinic-experiences-with-an-emerging-model-of-care
#13
Benjamin Gandesbery, Krista Dobbie, Eiran Z Gorodeski
BACKGROUND: The role of palliative care consultation in the outpatient treatment of patients with symptomatic heart failure (HF) is poorly studied. In August 2015, we created an outpatient palliative care service embedded within the HF clinic at Cleveland Clinic main campus. AIM: To characterize patients cared for by our novel outpatient palliative cardiology service, including their degree of HF, symptoms, comorbidities, topics addressed in clinic, palliative treatments prescribed, advanced directives status, and mortality...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874007/new-horizons-in-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment
#14
S G Parker, A McLeod, P McCue, K Phelps, M Bardsley, H C Roberts, S P Conroy
In this article, we discuss the emergence of new models for delivery of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in the acute hospital setting. CGA is the core technology of Geriatric Medicine and for hospital inpatients it improves key outcomes such as survival, time spent at home and institutionalisation. Traditionally It is delivered by specialised multidisciplinary teams, often in dedicated wards, but in recent years has begun to be taken up and developed quite early in the admission process (at the 'front door'), across traditional ward boundaries and in specialty settings such as surgical and pre-operative care, and oncology...
September 1, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863775/self-medication-among-the-elderly-in-iran-a-content-analysis-study
#15
Seyede Salehe Mortazavi, Mohsen Shati, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Shiva Mehravaran, Seyed Kazem Malakouti
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is described as the use of drugs without a physician's prescription to treat self-recognized illness or symptoms, and an important health issue among the elderly. Despite the wide range of different definitions, recognizing all forms of self-medication among older adults, particularly, in developing countries, help healthcare professionals and providers to reduce harmful effects of self-medication. The purpose of this study is to describe the practice of self-medication and its related factors among elderly people in Iran based on the experiences of people who are involved in this phenomenon...
September 1, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862477/new-national-curricula-guidelines-that-support-the-use-of-interprofessional-education-in-the-brazilian-context-an-analysis-of-key-documents
#16
José Rodrigues Freire Filho, Marcelo Viana Da Costa, Aldaísa Cassanho Forster, Scott Reeves
The National Curricular Guidelines (NCGs) are important documents for understanding the history of academic health professions education in Brazil. Key policies within the NCGs have helped to reorient health professions education and have stimulated curricular changes, including active learning methodologies and more integrated teaching-service environments, and, more recently, have introduced interprofessional education (IPE) in both undergraduate and postgraduate sectors. This article presents the findings of a study that examined the NCGs for nursing, dentistry, and medicine courses as juridical foundations for adopting strategies that promote IPE across higher education institutions in Brazil...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855780/the-2017-international-joint-working-group-white-paper-by-indusem-the-emergency-medicine-association-and-the-academic-college-of-emergency-experts-on-establishing-standardized-regulations-operational-mechanisms-and-accreditation-pathways-for-education-and-care
#17
Veronica Sikka, V Gautam, Sagar Galwankar, Randeep Guleria, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Lorenzo Paladino, Vivek Chauhan, Geetha Menon, Vijay Shah, R P Srivastava, B K Rana, Bipin Batra, O P Kalra, P Aggarwal, Sanjeev Bhoi, S Vimal Krishnan
The government of India has done remarkable work on commissioning a government funded prehospital emergency ambulance service in India. This has both public health implications and an economic impact on the nation. With the establishment of these services, there is an acute need for standardization of education and quality assurance regarding prehospital care provided. The International Joint Working Group has been actively involved in designing guidelines and establishing a comprehensive framework for ensuring high-quality education and clinical standards of care for prehospital services in India...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851659/improving-trend-in-ventricular-fibrillation-pulseless-ventricular-tachycardia-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-rochester-minnesota-a-26-year-observational-study-from-1991-to-2016
#18
Masashi Okubo, Elizabeth J Atkinson, Erik P Hess, Roger D White
BACKGROUND: Mortality from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is characterized by substantial regional variation. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) recently recommended enhancing the capabilities of EMS systems to improve outcome. In this study, we analyzed the trend in outcome from ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VF/pVT) OHCA in Rochester, MN. Survival from these forms of arrest is commonly employed as a benchmark of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system performance...
August 26, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843652/using-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-for-acute-cardiac-care
#19
REVIEW
Yader Sandoval, Allan S Jaffe
The recent approval of the 5(th) generation cTnT assay which has characteristics clinically of a high sensitivity assay has led to concern that the problems of increased sensitivity will be greater than the benefits. This will not be the case if Cardiology, Emergency Medicine and Laboratory Medicine combine to develop procedures for use of the assay. We advocate sex specific 99(th)% upper reference limit (URL) values of 15ng/L for men and 10ng/L for women. We suggest a 2 hour rule out strategy including a value less than the 99(th)% URL and the lack of a change in values of <4 ng/L...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835267/workplace-violence-in-a-tertiary-care-israeli-hospital-a-systematic-analysis-of-the-types-of-violence-the-perpetrators-and-hospital-departments
#20
Sigal Shafran-Tikva, Revital Zelker, Zvi Stern, David Chinitz
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, there is a widespread and disturbing pattern of violence towards healthcare workers. However, violent occurrences in Israeli hospitals have often been unrecognized and underreported. Moreover, most studies have not sufficiently differentiated among the different types of violence. To examine the different types of violence experienced by nurses and physicians, the types of perpetrators and the specialty fields involved. METHODS: A quantitative questionnaire was used to assess the incidence of a "basket" of violent behaviors, divided into eight types of violent manifestations...
August 23, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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