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Acute pulmonary embolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775966/an-enigmatic-case-presentation-of-budd-chiari-syndrome-with-pulmonary-embolism-an-unusual-syndrome-with-an-uncommon-complication
#1
A M Al-Sharydah, A H Al-Abdulwahhab, H A Abu AlOla
INTRODUCTION: In patients with a hypercoagulable state, such as patients with pulmonary embolism and/or Budd-Chiari syndrome, the complications from multiple gene mutations are more numerous than those from a single mutation. The authors present a woman with no major prior medical history who presented with pulmonary embolism and Budd-Chiari syndrome; this enigmatic co-occurrence has never been solely reported without underlying aetiology in a patient without prior medical conditions...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775170/rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-dabigatran-etexilate-versus-dose-adjusted-warfarin-in-patients-with-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#2
José M Ferro, Francesco Dentali, Jonathan M Coutinho, Adam Kobayashi, Jorge Caria, Marc Desch, Mandy Fraessdorf, Holger Huisman, Hans-Christoph Diener
Rationale To prevent recurrent venous thrombotic events after acute cerebral venous or dural sinus thrombosis, guidelines recommend long-term oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists. Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulant experience in cerebral venous or dural sinus thrombosis is limited to case reports and series. Aim To compare dabigatran with dose-adjusted warfarin in patients with cerebral venous or dural sinus thrombosis for the prevention of recurrent venous thrombotic event. Sample size One hundred and twenty patients...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773691/prognostic-value-of-cardiovascular-parameters-in-ct-pulmonary-angiography-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#3
Ludo F M Beenen, Patrick Bossuyt, Jaap Stoker, Saskia Middeldorp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771696/the-future-of-anesthesia-for-interventional-radiology
#4
Annie Amin, Jason Scott Lane
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review novel procedures in interventional radiology and describe anesthetic implications. RECENT FINDINGS: Noninvasive treatment options for patients who are nonsurgical candidates are on the rise. The complication rate for patients receiving anesthesia in the interventional radiology suite is higher than other nonoperating room anesthetizing locations. The investigative use of catheter-directed thrombolysis for acute submassive pulmonary embolism will likely lead to an increased demand for anesthesia assistance...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770793/pulmonary-embolism
#5
REVIEW
Menno V Huisman, Stefano Barco, Suzanne C Cannegieter, Gregoire Le Gal, Stavros V Konstantinides, Pieter H Reitsma, Marc Rodger, Anton Vonk Noordegraaf, Frederikus A Klok
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is caused by emboli, which have originated from venous thrombi, travelling to and occluding the arteries of the lung. PE is the most dangerous form of venous thromboembolism, and undiagnosed or untreated PE can be fatal. Acute PE is associated with right ventricular dysfunction, which can lead to arrhythmia, haemodynamic collapse and shock. Furthermore, individuals who survive PE can develop post-PE syndrome, which is characterized by chronic thrombotic remains in the pulmonary arteries, persistent right ventricular dysfunction, decreased quality of life and/or chronic functional limitations...
May 17, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770766/histogram-pattern-analysis-of-the-lung-perfused-blood-volume-for-assessment-of-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#6
Munemasa Okada, Takafumi Nomura, Yoshiteru Nakashima, Yoshie Kunihiro, Shoji Kido
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of histograms of lung perfused blood volume (HLPBV) based on the presence of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and the pulmonary embolic burden. METHODS: A total of 168 patients (55 males; mean age, 62.9 years) underwent contrast-enhanced dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) between January 1 2012 and October 31 2014. Initial DECT images were three-dimensionally reconstructed, and the HLPBV patterns were divided into three types, including the symmetric type (131 patients, 78...
May 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764401/management-of-acute-respiratory-failure-in-interstitial-lung-diseases-overview-and-clinical-insights
#7
REVIEW
Paola Faverio, Federica De Giacomi, Luca Sardella, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Mauro Carone, Francesco Salerno, Jousel Ora, Paola Rogliani, Giulia Pellegrino, Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Francesco Bini, Bruno Dino Bodini, Grazia Messinesi, Alberto Pesci, Antonio Esquinas
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by widespread fibrotic and inflammatory abnormalities of the lung. Respiratory failure is a common complication in advanced stages or following acute worsening of the underlying disease. Aim of this review is to evaluate the current evidence in determining the best management of acute respiratory failure (ARF) in ILDs. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the Medline/PubMed and EMBASE databases to identify studies that investigated the management of ARF in ILDs (the last search was conducted on November 2017)...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762842/the-role-of-commonly-used-clinical-indicators-in-the-diagnosis-of-acute-heart-failure
#8
X-L Wang, J-M Lei, Y Yuan, L Feng, Y Ning, Y-F Liu
OBJECTIVE: Acute heart failure (AHF) is one of the most commonly seen clinical cases, with a high rate of re-hospitalization and mortality. AHF can be divided into two categories based on the systolic function of the left ventricle, which are heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). Pathogenesis and treatment of the two are quite different. In this article we attempted to explore the value of combined use of clinical and laboratory indicators in the differential diagnosis of AHFREF and AHFPEF...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760849/acute-pulmonary-embolism-in-emergency-department-patients-despite-therapeutic-anticoagulation
#9
Michelle Y Liu, Dustin W Ballard, Jie Huang, Adina S Rauchwerger, Mary E Reed, Sean C Bouvet, David R Vinson
Introduction: Emergency department (ED) patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) despite therapeutic anticoagulation at the time of diagnosis are uncommonly encountered and present a diagnostic and management challenge. Their characterization and outcomes are poorly described. We sought to describe the prevalence and characteristics of therapeutically anticoagulated patients among a population of patients with acute PE in a community setting and to describe treatment changes and 30-day outcomes...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753834/age-adjusted-versus-clinical-probability-adjusted-d-dimer-to-exclude-pulmonary-embolism
#10
Sarah Takach Lapner, Scott M Stevens, Scott C Woller, Gregory Snow, Clive Kearon
INTRODUCTION: A low D-dimer can exclude suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) in cases with low or intermediate clinical probability of disease. Yet D-dimer is nonspecific, so many cases without PE require imaging. D-dimer's specificity is improved by increasing the threshold for a positive test with age (age × 10 ng/mL; age-adjusted D-dimer; AADD) or clinical probability of PE (1000 ng/mL if low and 500 ng/mL if intermediate clinical probability; clinical probability-adjusted D-dimer; CPADD)...
May 5, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743653/long-term-outcome-of-recoverable-stents-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-complicated-with-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis
#11
Yonghua Bi, Hongmei Chen, Penxu Ding, Jianzhuang Ren, Xinwei Han
This study aimed to present long-term results of a 12-year patient follow-up of recoverable stents for BCS complicated by inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis. Forty consecutive patients with BCS complicated by IVC thrombosis were treated with recoverable stents. The median duration of symptoms was 24 months. Recoverable stents was placed after predilation of the obstructed IVC, and then agitation thrombolysis or catheter-directed thrombolysis of IVC was performed. The recoverable stents was removed eventually after thrombus disappeared...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737640/acute-pulmonary-embolism-focus-on-the-clinical-picture
#12
REVIEW
Doralisa Morrone, Vincenzo Morrone
Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) is characterized by numerous clinical manifestations which are the result of a complex interplay between different organs; the symptoms are therefore various and part of a complex clinical picture. For this reason, it may not be easy to make an immediate diagnosis. This is a comprehensive review of the literature on all the various clinical pictures in order to help physicians to promptly recognize this clinical condition, remembering that our leading role as cardiologists depends on and is influenced by our knowledge and working methods...
May 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736283/chronic-pulmonary-silicone-embolism-from-breast-augmentation-is-not-a-common-finding-in-explanted-lungs
#13
Jarmanjeet Singh, Hanine Inaty, Sanjay Mukhopadhyay, Atul C Mehta
Objective: Acute pulmonary silicone embolism (APSE) related to subcutaneous silicone injections is a well-known entity. Recently, a few cases of pathologically confirmed chronic pulmonary silicone embolism (CPSE) from breast implants have been reported. The prevalence of CPSE in women with breast augmentation is unknown. This study was done to determine the prevalence of CPSE in female lung transplant recipients with a history of breast augmentation and to determine whether breast augmentation plays a role in chronic lung diseases requiring lung transplantation...
2018: Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735898/in-hospital-stroke-mortality-rates-and-determinants-in-southwestern-saudi-arabia
#14
Adel A Alhazzani, Ahmed A Mahfouz, Ahmed Y Abolyazid, Nabil J Awadalla, Khaled Katramiz, Aesha Faraheen, Shamsun Nahar Khalil, Razia Aftab
Objectives: The present study analyzed in-hospital first-time stroke mortality in southwestern Saudi Arabia over one-year to assess the in-hospital stroke case fatality rate, mortality rate and explore the factors associated with in-hospital stroke mortality. Study Design : Hospital based follow-up study. Methods: First-time stroke patients admitted to all hospitals in Asser region over one-year period (January through December 2016) were included in the study. Data about personal characteristics, pre-stroke history and clinical criteria, on admission clinical criteria, in-hospital complications and survival status were collected...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734231/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-routine-venous-doppler-ultrasound-for-diagnosis-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-at-admission-to-inpatient-rehabilitation
#15
Shanti M Pinto, Mohamed Yassin, Gary Galang
OBJECTIVE: 1. Identify whether timing of venous thromboembolism (VTE) diagnosis is associated with differences in patient outcomes. 2. Perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of routine venous Doppler ultrasound at admission to inpatient rehabilitation (IPR), taking into account costs associated with prolonged IPR length of stay (LOS) and development of pulmonary embolism (PE). DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of 2312 consecutive patient discharges from a single IPR facility over an 18-month period...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733493/prediction-of-short-term-prognosis-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-validation-of-the-riete-score
#16
E Jaquet, T Tritschler, O Stalder, A Limacher, M Méan, N Rodondi, D Aujesky
INTRODUCTION: The RIETE score was derived to identify patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) at low risk of overall complications. OBJECTIVE: To externally validated the RIETE score and compared its prognostic performance to the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI), its simplified version (sPESI), and the Geneva Prognostic Score (GPS). METHODS: In a prospective multicenter cohort, we studied 687 elderly patients with acute PE. The primary outcome was 10-day overall complications (death, recurrent PE, or major bleeding), the secondary outcome was 30-day overall mortality...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724918/management-appropriateness-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#17
David Jimenez, Behnood Bikdeli, Deisy Barrios, Raquel Morillo, Rosa Nieto, Ina Guerassimova, Alfonso Muriel, Luis Jara-Palomares, Lisa Moores, Victor Tapson, Roger D Yusen, Manuel Monreal
Background: Studies have not well defined the impact of adherence to published guidelines on the outcomes of patients with acute pulmonary embolism ( PE ). Methods: In this prospective cohort study of patients admitted to a respiratory department (N=2096), we evaluated whether patients with PE had better outcomes if they were acutely managed according to international guidelines. Outcomes consisted of all-cause mortality, PE-related mortality, recurrent venous thromboembolism ( VTE ), and major bleeding events during the first month of follow-up after diagnosis...
May 3, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723890/predictive-scoring-for-severity-of-acute-pulmonary-embolism-does-timing-matter
#18
Abhishek Gadre, Himanshu Deshwal, Jamal Mahar, Divyajot Sadana, Ihab Haddadin, Michael Tong, John R Bartholomew, Gustavo A Heresi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721920/acquired-peripheral-pulmonary-artery-aneurysms-morphological-spectrum-of-disease-and-multidetector-computed-tomography-angiography-findings-cases-series-and-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Tullio Valente, Ahmad Abu-Omar, Giacomo Sica, Alfredo Clemente, Massimo Muto, Giorgio Bocchini, Salvatore Cappabianca, Gaetano Rea
BACKGROUND: Acquired peripheral or intraparenchymal pulmonary artery aneurysms (PPAA) are rare entities but are important to recognize because of the associated morbidity. Hemoptysis is their principal complication and is a potentially fatal condition. PURPOSE: To illustrate the causes, multidetector CT angiography (MDCTA) findings and differential diagnosis of acquired PPAA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review boards approved this study...
May 2, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719492/design-and-rationale-of-the-non-interventional-edoxaban-treatment-in-routine-clinical-practice-in-patients-with-venous-thromboembolism-in-europe-etna-vte-europe-study
#20
Alexander T Cohen, Cihan Ay, Philippe Hainaut, Hervé Décousus, Ulrich Hoffmann, Sean Gaine, Michiel Coppens, Pedro Marques da Silva, David Jimenez Castro, Beatrice Amann-Vesti, Bernd Brüggenjürgen, Pierre Levy, Julio Lopez Bastida, Eric Vicaut, Petra Laeis, Eva-Maria Fronk, Wolfgang Zierhut, Thomas Malzer, Peter Bramlage, Giancarlo Agnelli
Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE, including deep vein thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) has an annual incidence rate of 104-183 per 100,000 person-years. After a VTE episode, the two-year recurrence rate is about 17%. Consequently, effective and safe anticoagulation is paramount. Edoxaban is a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) approved VTE treatment. Current safety and efficacy data are derived from clinical trials, and information about treatment durations beyond 12 months are not available...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
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