keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

preadipocyte AND differentiation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906176/epigenetic-programming-of-dnmt3a-mediated-by-ap2%C3%AE-is-required-for-granting-preadipocyte-the-ability-to-differentiate
#1
Wei Guo, Jiangnan Chen, Ying Yang, Jianbei Zhu, Jiarui Wu
Adipogenesis has an important role in regulating energy homeostasis in mammals. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes have been widely used as an in vitro model for analyzing the molecular mechanism of adipogenesis. Previous reports indicated that the stage of contact inhibition (CI), through which the proliferating cells exit from the cell cycle, was required for granting preadipocyte the ability to differentiate. While this kind of the granting mechanism remains elusive. In the present study, we showed that DNA (cytosine-5) methyltransferase 3a (Dnmt3a) was upregulated at both the mRNA and protein level during the CI stage, and resulted in increasing promoter methylation of adipogenic genes...
December 1, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899593/the-kdm5-family-is-required-for-activation-of-pro-proliferative-cell-cycle-genes-during-adipocyte-differentiation
#2
Ann-Sofie B Brier, Anne Loft, Jesper G S Madsen, Thomas Rosengren, Ronni Nielsen, Søren F Schmidt, Zongzhi Liu, Qin Yan, Hinrich Gronemeyer, Susanne Mandrup
The KDM5 family of histone demethylases removes the H3K4 tri-methylation (H3K4me3) mark frequently found at promoter regions of actively transcribed genes and is therefore generally considered to contribute to corepression. In this study, we show that knockdown (KD) of all expressed members of the KDM5 family in white and brown preadipocytes leads to deregulated gene expression and blocks differentiation to mature adipocytes. KDM5 KD leads to a considerable increase in H3K4me3 at promoter regions; however, these changes in H3K4me3 have a limited effect on gene expression per se...
November 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888346/methionine-and-cysteine-deficiencies-altered-proliferation-rate-and-time-course-differentiation-of-porcine-preadipose-cells
#3
Rosa Castellano, Marie-Hélène Perruchot, Sophie Tesseraud, Sonia Métayer-Coustard, Elizabeth Baeza, Yves Mercier, Florence Gondret
Methionine (Met) is an essential sulfur amino acid (AA) limiting growth and is the precursor of cysteine (Cys), the rate-limiting factor in the synthesis of glutathione, and the main intracellular non-enzymatic antioxidant. This study aimed at determining the effects of limited supplies in Met and(or) Cys in early aspects of adipose tissue development and oxidative stress in differentiated adipocytes. Incremental reductions in Met (70, 40, and 0 µM) were compared with Met 100 µM (control dose) in porcine preadipocytes cultured in media without or with Cys (250 µM)...
November 25, 2016: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884413/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-down-regulation-mediates-the-inhibitory-effect-of-d-%C3%AE-tocotrienol-on-the-differentiation-of-murine-3t3-f442a-preadipocytes
#4
Sheida Torabi, Hoda Yeganehjoo, Chwan-Li Shen, Huanbiao Mo
Tocotrienols accelerate the degradation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase that catalyzes the biosynthesis of mevalonate; the latter is essential for preadipocyte differentiation. Tocotrienols also down-regulate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), a key regulator of adipocyte differentiation. We hypothesized that mevalonate deprivation and PPARγ down-regulation mediate d-δ-tocotrienol-induced inhibition of adipocyte differentiation. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of d-δ-tocotrienol on 3T3-F442A preadipocyte differentiation and the involvement of PPARγ and mevalonate...
November 3, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879248/high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-regulates-mmp3-to-modulate-depot-and-sex-dependent-adipose-expansion-in-c57bl-6j-mice
#5
Yuanyuan Wu, Mi-Jeong Lee, Yasuo Ido, Susan K Fried
Increased adipocyte size is hypothesized to signal the recruitment of adipose progenitor cells (APCs) to expand tissue storage capacity. To investigate depot- and sex-differences in adipose growth, male and female C57BL/6J mice (10-weeks-old) were challenged with high fat (HF) or low fat (LF) diets (D) for 14 weeks. The HFD increased gonadal (GON) depot weight by adipocyte hypertrophy and hyperplasia in females, but hypertrophy alone in males. In both sexes, inguinal (ING) adipocytes were smaller than GON and depot expansion was due to hypertrophy...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872488/pld1-regulates-adipogenic-differentiation-through-mtor-irs-1-phosphorylation-at-serine-636-639
#6
Hae-In Song, Mee-Sup Yoon
Phospholipase D1 (PLD1) plays a known role in several differentiation processes, but its role in adipogenic differentiation remains unknown. In the present study, we identified PLD1 as a negative regulator of adipogenic differentiation. We showed that PLD activity was downregulated by both 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) and insulin upon induction of differentiation in 3T3-L1 adipogenic cells. In line with this observation, PLD activity decreased in both high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice and ob/ob mice. We also found that differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was enhanced by the depletion of PLD1 levels or inhibition of PLD1 activity by VU0155069, a PLD1-specific inhibitor...
November 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872010/forkhead-box-o1-in-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-molecular-characterization-gene-structure-tissue-distribution-and-mrna-expression-in-insulin-inhibited-adipocyte-lipolysis
#7
Jian Sun, Pei-Zhen Xiao, Zhi-Guang Chang, Hong Ji, Zhen-Yu Du, Li-Qiao Chen
Factor forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) is a transcription factor and plays an important role in insulin-mediated lipid metabolism. In the present study, two distinct FoxO1 cDNAs, designated FoxO1a and FoxO1b, were firstly isolated and characterized from grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, encoding peptides of 654 and 631 amino acids, respectively. Phylogenetic and synteny analyses suggested that FoxO1a and FoxO1b were derived from paralogous genes that could be originated from teleost-specific genome duplication (TSGD) event...
November 18, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871880/abscisic-acid-enhances-glucose-disposal-and-induces-brown-fat-activity-in-adipocytes-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#8
Laura Sturla, Elena Mannino, Sonia Scarfì, Santina Bruzzone, Mirko Magnone, Giovanna Sociali, Valeria Booz, Lucrezia Guida, Tiziana Vigliarolo, Chiara Fresia, Laura Emionite, Ambra Buschiazzo, Cecilia Marini, Gianmario Sambuceti, Antonio De Flora, Elena Zocchi
Abscisic acid (ABA) is a plant hormone also present in animals, where it is involved in the regulation of innate immune cell function and of glucose disposal, through its receptor LANCL2. ABA stimulates glucose uptake by myocytes and pre-adipocytes in vitro and oral ABA improves glycemic control in rats and in healthy subjects. Here we investigated the role of the ABA/LANCL2 system in the regulation of glucose uptake and metabolism in adipocytes. Silencing of LANCL2 abrogated both the ABA- and insulin-induced increase of glucose transporter-4 expression and of glucose uptake in differentiated 3T3-L1 murine adipocytes; conversely, overexpression of LANCL2 enhanced basal, ABA- and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake...
November 15, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871177/glucose-and-insulin-stimulate-lipogenesis-in-porcine-adipocytes-dissimilar-and-identical-regulation-pathway-for-key-transcription-factors
#9
Zhang Guo Hua, Lu Jian Xiong, Chen Yan, Dai Hong Wei, ZhaXi YingPai, Zhao Yong Qing, Qiao Zi Lin, Feng Ruo Fei, Wang Ya Ling, Ma Zhong Ren
Lipogenesis is under the concerted action of ChREBP, SREBP-1c and other transcription factors in response to glucose and insulin. The isolated porcine preadipocytes were differentiated into mature adipocytes to investigate the roles and interrelation of these transcription factors in the context of glucose- and insulin-induced lipogenesis in pigs. In ChREBP-silenced adipocytes, glucose-induced lipogenesis decreased by ~70%, however insulin-induced lipogenesis was unaffected. Moreover, insulin had no effect on ChREBP expression of unperturbed adipocytes irrespective of glucose concentration, suggesting ChREBP mediate glucose-induced lipogenesis...
November 30, 2016: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869309/roles-of-notch-signaling-in-adipocyte-progenitor-cells-and-mature-adipocytes
#10
REVIEW
Tizhong Shan, Jiaqi Liu, Weiche Wu, Ziye Xu, Yizhen Wang
Adipose tissues, composed with mature adipocytes and preadipocytic stromal/stem cells, play crucial roles in whole body energy metabolism and regenerative medicine. Mature adipocytes are derived and differentiated from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or preadipocytes. This differentiation process, also called adipogenesis, is regulated by several signaling pathways and transcription factors. Notch1 signaling is a highly conserved pathway that is indispensable for stem cell hemostasis and tissue development. In adipocyte progenitor cells, Notch1 signaling regulates the adipogenesis process including proliferation and differentiation of the adipocyte progenitor cells in vitro...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867269/platyphylloside-isolated-from-betula-platyphylla-inhibit-adipocyte-differentiation-and-induce-lipolysis-via-regulating-adipokines-including-ppar%C3%AE-in-3t3-l1-cells
#11
Mina Lee, Sang Hyun Sung
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes or aggravates many health problems, both independently and in association with several pathological disorders, including Type II diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and cancer. Therefore, we screened small compounds isolated from natural products for the development of anti-obesity drugs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-adipogenic activities of platyphylloside, diarylheptanoid isolated from Betula platyphylla, which was selected based on the screening using 3T3-L1 cells...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865158/increasing-camp-levels-of-preadipocytes-by-cyanidin-3-glucoside-treatment-induces-the-formation-of-beige-phenotypes-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#12
Toshiya Matsukawa, Myra O Villareal, Hideko Motojima, Hiroko Isoda
Obesity is a serious health problem and a major risk factor for the onset of several diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer. The conversion of white adipocytes to brown-like adipocytes, also called beige or brite adipocytes, by pharmacological and dietary compounds has gained attention as an effective treatment for obesity. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (Cy3G), a polyphenolic compound contained in black soybean, blueberry and grape, has several antiobesity effects. However, there are no reports on the role of Cy3G in the induction of differentiation of preadipocytes to beige adipocytes and corresponding phenotypes...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856250/ectopical-expression-of-fabp4-gene-can-induce-bovine-muscle-derived-stem-cells-adipogenesis
#13
Le Zhang, Yanfang Zhao, Yue Ning, Hongbao Wang, Linsen Zan
Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) plays a key role in Fatty acid catabolism in mammals. Findings from our previous studies have indicated that FABP4 neither affect the differentiation of bovine preadipocytes nor does it change the expression of upstream genes. To investigate whether ectopically expressed FABP4 can induces Muscle-Derived Stem Cells (MDSCs) lipid synthesis and understand the regulatory mechanism behind it. In this study, adenoviruses infection is achieved to ectopically expressed FABP4 in bovine MDSCs, RNA-seq analyses at the very early stages of induction were performed to reveal gene expression level changes during MDSCs transdifferentiation...
November 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843198/regulation-of-autophagy-related-protein-and-cell-differentiation-by-high-mobility-group-box-1-protein-in-adipocytes
#14
Huanhuan Feng, Lili Yu, Guojun Zhang, Guoyan Liu, Can Yang, Hui Wang, Xiangfeng Song
High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is a molecule related to the development of inflammation. Autophagy is vital to maintain cellular homeostasis and protect against inflammation of adipocyte injury. Our recent work focused on the relationship of HMGB1 and autophagy in 3T3-L1 cells. In vivo experimental results showed that, compared with the normal-diet group, the high-fat diet mice displayed an increase in adipocyte size in the epididymal adipose tissues. The expression levels of HMGB1 and LC3II also increased in epididymal adipose tissues in high-fat diet group compared to the normal-diet mice...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830366/maturation-of-adipocytes-is-suppressed-by-fluid-shear-stress
#15
Jongyun Choi, Sei Young Lee, Yeong-Min Yoo, Chi Hyun Kim
Preadipocytes are mechano-responsive cells and their differentiation to adipocytes may be regulated by various types of physical stimulation. Understanding the mechanism of differentiation, which increases the number of adipocytes and lipid accumulation is important in the study of obesity-related diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of physical stimulation at different stages of adipogenic differentiation using physiological levels of fluid shear stress. Preadipocytes were treated with dexamethasone, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine and insulin for 3 days (induction period) and incubated for additional 6 days for maturation...
November 9, 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825360/a-possible-regulatory-link-between-twist-1-and-ppar%C3%AE-gene-regulation-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#16
Rui Ren, Zhufeng Chen, Xia Zhao, Tao Sun, Yuchao Zhang, Jie Chen, Sumei Lu, Wanshan Ma
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is a critical gene that regulates the function of adipocytes. Therefore, studies on the molecular regulation mechanism of PPARγ are important to understand the function of adipose tissue. Twist 1 is another important functional gene in adipose tissue, and hundreds of genes are regulated by Twist 1. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of Twist 1 and PPARγ expression in 3T3-L1 mature adipocytes. METHODS: We induced differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and examined alterations in Twist 1 and PPARγ expression...
November 8, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806294/seipin-regulates-lipid-droplet-expansion-and-adipocyte-development-by-modulating-the-activity-of-glycerol-3-phosphate-acyltransferase
#17
Martin Pagac, Daniel E Cooper, Yanfei Qi, Ivan E Lukmantara, Hoi Yin Mak, Zengying Wu, Yuan Tian, Zhonghua Liu, Mona Lei, Ximing Du, Charles Ferguson, Damian Kotevski, Pawel Sadowski, Weiqin Chen, Salome Boroda, Thurl E Harris, George Liu, Robert G Parton, Xun Huang, Rosalind A Coleman, Hongyuan Yang
Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy 2 (BSCL2) is caused by loss-of-function mutations in SEIPIN, a protein implicated in both adipogenesis and lipid droplet expansion but whose molecular function remains obscure. Here, we identify physical and functional interactions between SEIPIN and microsomal isoforms of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) in multiple organisms. Compared to controls, GPAT activity was elevated in SEIPIN-deficient cells and tissues and GPAT kinetic values were altered. Increased GPAT activity appears to underpin the block in adipogenesis and abnormal lipid droplet morphology associated with SEIPIN loss...
November 1, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803314/promotion-of-adipogenesis-by-neuropeptide-y-during-the-later-stages-of-chicken-preadipocyte-differentiation
#18
Steven L Shipp, Mark A Cline, Elizabeth R Gilbert
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) promotes adipogenesis in both birds and mammals, although mechanisms in avians remain unclear. The objective of this study was thus to evaluate effects of NPY on chick preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation. Preadipocytes were treated with 0, 1, 10, or 100 nmol/L NPY and gene expression and cellular proliferation were evaluated at 12, 24, and 48 h. At 12 h posttreatment, mRNA abundance of topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A), and thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase 2 was upregulated and NPY was downregulated in response to NPY (0 vs...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802075/kinase-inactive-tyrosine-kinase-tyk2-supports-differentiation-of-brown-fat-cells
#19
Vidisha Raje, Marta Derecka, Marc Cantwell, Jeremy Meier, Karol Szczepanek, Jennifer D Sisler, Birgit Strobl, Ana Gamero, Thurl E Harris, Andrew C Larner
It has been known for decades that brown adipose tissue plays a central role in maintaining body temperature in hibernating animals, and human infants. Recently it has become evident that there are also depots of brown fat in adult humans, and the mass of brown fat is inversely correlated with body weight. There are a variety of transcription factors implicated in the differentiation of classical Myf5+ brown preadipocytes, one of the most important of which is PRDM16. We have recently identified that in addition to PRDM16, the tyrosine kinase Tyk2 and the STAT3 transcription factor are required for the differentiation of Myf5 positive brown preadipocytes both in cell culture and in mice...
November 1, 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780975/the-role-and-possible-mechanism-of-lncrna-u90926-in-modulating-3t3-l1-preadipocyte-differentiation
#20
J Chen, Y Liu, S Lu, L Yin, C Zong, S Cui, D Qin, Y Yang, Q Guan, X Li, X Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for metabolic diseases, while preadipocyte differentiation or adipogenesis is closely related to obesity occurrence. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a unique class of transcripts in regulation of a variety of biological processes. Using cDNA microarray, we found lncRNA U90926 is negatively correlated with 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the role of lncRNA U90926 (lnc-U90926) in adipogenesis and the underlying mechanisms...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
keyword
keyword
64531
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"