keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Wells rule

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637047/pleural-adhesion-assessment-as-a-predictor-for-pneumothorax-after-endobronchial-valve-treatment
#1
Wouter H van Geffen, Karin Klooster, Jorine E Hartman, Nick H T Ten Hacken, Huib A M Kerstjens, Rienhart F E Wolf, Dirk-Jan Slebos
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax after bronchoscopic lung volume reduction using one-way endobronchial valves (EBVs) in patients with advanced emphysema occurs in approximately 20% of patients. It is not well known which factors predict the development of pneumothorax. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether pleural adhesions on pretreatment high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans are associated with pneumothorax occurrence after EBV treatment. METHODS: HRCT scan analyses were performed on all patients who received EBV treatment in a randomized controlled trial...
June 22, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635323/preserving-employee-privacy-in-wellness
#2
Paul E Terry
The proposed "Preserving Employee Wellness Programs Act" states that the collection of information about the manifested disease or disorder of a family member shall not be considered an unlawful acquisition of genetic information. The bill recognizes employee privacy protections that are already in place and includes specific language relating to nondiscrimination based on illness. Why did legislation expressly intending to "preserve wellness programs" generate such antipathy about wellness among journalists? This article argues that those who are committed to preserving employee wellness must be equally committed to preserving employee privacy...
July 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635149/underuse-of-risk-assessment-and-overuse-of-ctpa-in-patients-with-suspected-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#3
Michael Perera, Leena Aggarwal, Ian A Scott, Nicholas Cocks
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests potential overuse of computerised tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in patients with suspected pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in the absence of consistent use of pre-test clinical prediction rules and D-dimer assays. METHODS: 344 consecutive patients undergoing CTPA at a tertiary hospital were studied for use of D-dimer assays and clinical prediction rules for PTE. For each patient, a modified Wells score (mWS), revised Geneva score (rGS) and PISA model were calculated retrospectively; performance characteristics for each rule for PTE were determined in reference to results of CTPA...
June 21, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634332/predicting-the-potential-risk-area-of-illegal-vaccine-trade-in-china
#4
Yilan Liao, Yanhui Lei, Zhoupeng Ren, Huiyan Chen, Dongyue Li
Since the disclosure of the "Illegal vaccine operation series case in Jinan, Shandong" in March, 2016, this issue has attracted a great deal of attention and has led to public concerns about the safety and efficacy of the vaccines involved in this case. The main purpose of this paper is to scientifically and scrupulously predict the possible geographic distribution of illegal vaccines in China, and provide a foundation to guide future governmental policies and actions. A species distribution model was used because of the advantages of using presence/pseudo-absence or presence-only data, and it performs well with incomplete species distribution data...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633696/cross-border-collaboration-for-improved-tuberculosis-prevention-and-care-policies-tools-and-experiences
#5
M Dara, G Sulis, R Centis, L D'Ambrosio, G de Vries, P Douglas, D Garcia, N Jansen, E Zuroweste, G B Migliori
As tuberculosis (TB) spreads beyond borders with people movements, several interventions ensuring the continuity of care are essential, although difficult to put in place in the absence of well-defined agreements allowing data sharing and easy referral of patients to appropriate health facilities. This article first sets out general principles for cross-border collaboration and continuity of care. It then presents a series of case studies. Policies and practices on cross-border collaboration in selected low-incidence countries (Australia, Italy, Norway, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States) are described and critically appraised...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633551/a-pareto-based-ensemble-with-feature-and-instance-selection-for-learning-from-multi-class-imbalanced-datasets
#6
Alberto Fernández, Cristobal José Carmona, María José Del Jesus, Francisco Herrera
Imbalanced classification is related to those problems that have an uneven distribution among classes. In addition to the former, when instances are located into the overlapped areas, the correct modeling of the problem becomes harder. Current solutions for both issues are often focused on the binary case study, as multi-class datasets require an additional effort to be addressed. In this research, we overcome these problems by carrying out a combination between feature and instance selections. Feature selection will allow simplifying the overlapping areas easing the generation of rules to distinguish among the classes...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631756/giant-capsids-from-lattice-self-assembly-of-cyclodextrin-complexes
#7
Shenyu Yang, Yun Yan, Jianbin Huang, Andrei V Petukhov, Loes M J Kroon-Batenburg, Markus Drechsler, Chengcheng Zhou, Mei Tu, Steve Granick, Lingxiang Jiang
Proteins can readily assemble into rigid, crystalline and functional structures such as viral capsids and bacterial compartments. Despite ongoing advances, it is still a fundamental challenge to design and synthesize protein-mimetic molecules to form crystalline structures. Here we report the lattice self-assembly of cyclodextrin complexes into a variety of capsid-like structures such as lamellae, helical tubes and hollow rhombic dodecahedra. The dodecahedral morphology has not hitherto been observed in self-assembly systems...
June 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630983/simplified-and-original-wells-rules-plus-age-adjusted-d-dimer-test-were-useful-for-ruling-out-suspected-pe
#8
Alex Gallus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630242/tumour-necrosis-factor-tnf-inhibitor-induced-isolated-pleural-granulomas-a-rare-adverse-effect
#9
Muhammad Sajawal Ali, Rose Franco, Dheeraj Dhotre, Nagarjun Rao
A 53-year-old man with a history of Crohn's disease on infliximab, presented with several weeks of cough and dyspnoea. He had a right-sided pleural effusion, found to be exudative with lymphocytic predominance. He underwent right-sided video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) with biopsies and pleurodesis. Histopathology showed pleural-based non-caseating granulomas with unremarkable lung parenchyma. Cultures were only positive for Propionibacterium acnes 8 months later, he was found to have a left-sided exudative, lymphocytic predominant pleural effusion...
June 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629667/interchange-rotation-factors-and-player-characteristics-influence-physical-and-technical-performance-in-professional-australian-rules-football
#10
Patrick A Dillon, Thomas Kempton, Samuel Ryan, Joel Hocking, Aaron J Coutts
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of match-related and individual player characteristics on activity profile and technical performance during rotations in professional Australian football. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. METHODS: Global positioning system data and player rating scores were collected from 33 professional Australian football players during 15 Australian football League matches. Player rating scores were time aligned with their relative total and high-speed running (HSR) distance (>20kmh(-1)) for each on ground rotation...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629192/effects-of-sulfate-chloride-and-bicarbonate-on-iron-stability-in-a-pvc-u-drinking-pipe
#11
Jiaying Wang, Tao Tao, Hexiang Yan
In order to describe iron stability in plastic pipes and to ensure the drinking water security, the influence factors and rules for iron adsorption and release were studied, dependent on the Unplasticized poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC-U) drinking pipes employed in this research. In this paper, sulfate, chloride, and bicarbonate, as well as synthesized models, were chosen to investigate the iron stability on the inner wall of PVC-U drinking pipes. The existence of the three kinds of anions could significantly affect the process of iron adsorption, and a positive association was found between the level of anion concentration and the adsorption rate...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627092/the-contextual-level-effects-of-social-trust-on-health-in-transitional-countries-instrumental-variable-analysis-of-26-countries
#12
Nazim Habibov, Alex Cheung
We analyse the effect of contextual-level social capital on health status in a sample of 26 transitional countries of Central and South Europe, Mongolia, and the former Soviet Union for 2006-2010 (N = 51 911). Contextual-level social capital is conceptualized as country-level social trust, while health status is conceptualized as self-rated health. We use ordinary least squares and instrumental variable regressions to address endogeneity and especially to rule out reverse causality. Both instrumental variable and ordinary least squares regressions suggest a strong positive effect of country-level trust on health...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625880/predicting-biomedical-metadata-in-cedar-a-study-of-gene-expression-omnibus-geo
#13
Maryam Panahiazar, Michel Dumontier, Olivier Gevaert
A crucial and limiting factor in data reuse is the lack of accurate, structured, and complete descriptions of data, known as metadata. Towards improving the quantity and quality of metadata, we propose a novel metadata prediction framework to learn associations from existing metadata that can be used to predict metadata values. We evaluate our framework in the context of experimental metadata from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). We applied four rule mining algorithms to the most common structured metadata elements (sample type, molecular type, platform, label type and organism) from over 1,3 million GEO records...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623818/the-rule-of-five-should-not-impede-anti-parasitic-drug-development
#14
James H McKerrow, Christopher A Lipinski
The "rule of 5" has become a mainstay of decision-making in the pharmaceutical industry as well as in nonindustrial (academic and institutional) drug development. However the authors of the original paper never intended for "double cutoffs" to preclude development of new drug leads for parasitic diseases.
May 27, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622763/treatment-decisions-and-mortality-in-hiv-positive-presumptive-smear-negative-tb-in-the-xpert%C3%A2-mtb-rif-era-a-cohort-study
#15
Sabine M Hermans, Juliet A Babirye, Olive Mbabazi, Francis Kakooza, Robert Colebunders, Barbara Castelnuovo, Christine Sekaggya-Wiltshire, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Yukari C Manabe
BACKGROUND: The Xpert™ MTB/RIF (XP) has a higher sensitivity than sputum smear microscopy (70% versus 35%) for TB diagnosis and has been endorsed by the WHO for TB high burden countries to increase case finding among HIV co-infected presumptive TB patients. Its impact on the diagnosis of smear-negative TB in a routine care setting is unclear. We determined the change in diagnosis, treatment and mortality of smear-negative presumptive TB with routine use of Xpert MTB/RIF (XP). METHODS: Prospective cohort study of HIV-positive smear-negative presumptive TB patients during a 12-month period after XP implementation in a well-staffed and trained integrated TB/HIV clinic in Kampala, Uganda...
June 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622659/understanding-and-exploiting-plant-beneficial-microbes
#16
REVIEW
Omri M Finkel, Gabriel Castrillo, Sur Herrera Paredes, Isai Salas González, Jeffery L Dangl
After a century of incremental research, technological advances, coupled with a need for sustainable crop yield increases, have reinvigorated the study of beneficial plant-microbe interactions with attention focused on how microbiomes alter plant phenotypes. We review recent advances in plant microbiome research, and describe potential applications for increasing crop productivity. The phylogenetic diversity of plant microbiomes is increasingly well characterized, and their functional diversity is becoming more accessible...
June 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621790/molecular-interactions-and-thermal-transport-in-ionic-liquids-with-carbon-nanomaterials
#17
João M P França, Carlos A Nieto de Castro, Agílio A H Pádua
We used molecular dynamics simulation to study the effect of suspended carbon nanomaterials, nanotubes and graphene sheets, on the thermal conductivity of ionic liquids, an issue related to understanding the properties of nanofluids. One important aspect that we developed is an atomistic model of the interactions between the organic ions and carbon nanomaterials, so we did not rely on existing force fields for small organic molecules or assume simple combining rules to describe the interactions at the liquid/material interface...
June 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621411/annotating-the-genome-by-dna-methylation
#18
Howard Cedar, Aharon Razin
DNA methylation plays a prominent role in setting up and stabilizing the molecular design of gene regulation and by understanding this process one gains profound insight into the underlying biology of mammals. In this article, we trace the discoveries that provided the foundations of this field, starting with the mapping of methyl groups in the genome and the experiments that helped clarify how methylation patterns are maintained through cell division. We then address the basic relationship between methyl groups and gene repression, as well as the molecular rules involved in controlling this process during development in vivo...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621380/theoretical-investigation-of-electrophilic-transannular-addition-reactions-of-bromine-to-face-to-face-juxtaposed-double-bonds-in-strained-polycyclic-hydrocarbons
#19
Rza Abbasoglu
Transannular electrophilic addition reaction of halogens to face-to-face(juxtaposed) double bonded strained alkenes were theoretically investigated. General rules that allow us to stipulate the factors that direct the main steps of the energy hypersurface of reactions as well as the products were established. Direction of the reaction flow is determined by direction of intramolecular skeletal isomerisation of cyclic-bridged halogenium cation and isomerisation takes place to create a more stable skeletal structure...
June 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619865/reflections-on-the-goldwater-rule
#20
Paul S Appelbaum
The APA's Goldwater Rule, precluding psychiatrists from rendering opinions to the media about public figures whom they have not examined, has often engendered controversy. Here, I consider the justifications for the rule, how well they stand up to criticism, and the extent, if any, to which modifications might be called for. Although embarrassment to the profession is often cited as the basis for the Rule, it reflects more substantive concerns, including the risk of harm to living persons and discouraging persons in need of treatment from seeking psychiatric attention...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
keyword
keyword
64529
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"