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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345546/high-resolution-3t-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-triangular-fibrocartilage-complex-in-chinese-wrists-correlation-with-cross-sectional-anatomy
#1
Hui-Li Zhan, Wen-Ting Li, Rong-Jie Bai, Nai-Li Wang, Zhan-Hua Qian, Wei Ye, Yu-Ming Yin
BACKGROUND: The injury of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is a common cause of ulnar-sided wrist pain. The aim of this study was to investigate if the high-resolution 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could demonstrate the detailed complex anatomy of TFCC in Chinese. METHODS: Fourteen Chinese cadaveric wrists (from four men and three women; age range at death from 30 to 60 years; mean age at 46 years) and forty healthy Chinese wrists (from 20 healthy volunteers, male/female: 10/10; age range from 21 to 53 years with a mean age of 32 years) in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from March 2014 to March 2016 were included in this study...
April 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344614/do-we-need-invasive-confirmation-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-results
#2
Paweł Siastała, Jacek Kądziela, Łukasz A Małek, Mateusz Śpiewak, Katarzyna Lech, Adam Witkowski
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery revascularization is indicated in patients with documented significant obstruction of coronary blood flow associated with a large area of myocardial ischemia and/or untreatable symptoms. There are a few invasive or noninvasive methods that can provide information about the functional results of coronary artery narrowing. The application of more than one method of ischemia detection in one patient to reevaluate the indications for revascularization is used in case of atypical or no symptoms and/or borderline stenosis...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343948/left-ventricular-non-compaction-a-cardiomyopathy-with-acceptable-prognosis-in-children
#3
Tao Tian, Yankun Yang, Lanlan Zhou, Fang Luo, Yuehua Li, Peng Fan, Xueqi Dong, Yaxin Liu, Jingang Cui, Xianliang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Data on children with left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is sparse. The purpose of this study was to evaluate its clinical profiles in a population of Chinese children. METHODS: From January 2010 to March 2016, consecutive Chinese children (aged <18 years) with LVNC diagnosed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) were prospectively recruited at Fuwai Hospital. RESULTS: A total of 41 Chinese children (male: 28%; mean age: 14±4years) were included in this study...
March 1, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339357/development-of-a-score-for-assessment-of-radiologic-damage-in-large-vessel-vasculitis-combined-arteritis-damage-score-cards
#4
Daiki Nakagomi, Claire Cousins, Jan Sznajd, Shunsuke Furuta, Aladdin J Mohammad, Raashid Luqmani, David Jayne
OBJECTIVES: Outcome assessment in large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) remains challenging and this impairs patient management and the conduct of clinical studies. Previous proposals for outcome tools have not included imaging. This study aimed to develop an imaging score to quantify damage in LVV and to assess the difference between Takayasu (TAK) and giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: Ninety-six patients (41 TAK, 55 GCA) were identified from local registries at two University Hospitals in the UK...
March 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338911/new-horizons-in-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-in-older-people
#5
Victoria Ewan, Thomas Hellyer, Julia Newton, John Simpson
Approximately 1.5% of hospital patients develop hospital acquired pneumonia. Aspiration is the major risk factor for pneumonia and is associated with reduced ability to mechanically clear respiratory pathogens into the stomach. Currently non-invasive methods of diagnosing hospital acquired pneumonia are less robust than invasive methods, and lead to over-diagnosis. Accurate diagnosis is key to surveillance, prevention and treatment of HAP, and also to improving outcomes; newer imaging modalities such as phase contrast X-ray imaging and nanoparticle enhanced magnetic resonance imaging may help...
February 27, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337816/vertebral-venous-system-abnormalities-identified-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-sighthounds
#6
John C Vernon, Alexane Durand, Julien Guevar, Roberto José-López, Gawain Hammond, Catherine Stalin, Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana
In humans, abnormalities of the vertebral venous system are considered rare but significant causes of radiculopathy and myelopathy. Published information on abnormalities of the canine vertebral venous system is currently lacking. Aims of this retrospective descriptive study were to characterize magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities of the vertebral venous system in a population of sighthounds, report prevalence of vertebral venous system abnormalities within that population and explore possible clinical significance...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333791/a-descriptive-study-of-nursing-peer-review-programs-in-us-magnet%C3%A2-hospitals
#7
Holli Roberts, Sherill Nones Cronin
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the types of nursing peer review (NPR) programs in US Magnet® organizations. BACKGROUND: The 2 most predominant models of NPR programs in the literature are performance evaluation and clinical peer review. The literature on clinical peer review is primarily descriptive, outlining structures and anecdotal outcomes. METHODS: Participants from hospitals holding Magnet recognition were selected using a stratified random-sampling method...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333787/building-research-infrastructure-in-magnet%C3%A2-hospitals-current-status-and-future-directions
#8
Meg Johantgen, Marianne Weiss, Vicki Lundmark, Robin Newhouse, Karen Haller, Lynn Unruh, Maria Shirey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the infrastructures supporting research in Magnet® hospitals. BACKGROUND: Hospitals undertaking the journey toward Magnet designation must build research and evidence-based practice (EBP) infrastructures that support the infusion of research and EBP into clinical practice. METHODS: An electronic survey was developed and distributed to the chief nursing officer or Magnet coordinator of all Magnet hospitals between June 10, 2015, and July 8, 2015...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331741/pet-mri-findings-of-two-patients-with-breast-carcinoma-before-treatment
#9
Filiz Çelebi, Ülkühan Köksal, Kezban Nur Pilancı, Çetin Ordu, Dauren Sarsenov, Serkan İlgün, Fatmagül Kuşku Çabuk, Gül Alço, Güzide Özdil, Zeynep Erdoğan, Vahit Özmen
Integrated positron-emission tomography-magnetic resonance imaging (PET-MRI) is a new hybrid simultaneous imaging modality with higher soft tissue contrast and lower radiation doses compared with PET-CT. Two patients who were referred to our hospital with left breast masses that were pathologically diagnosed as invasive ductal carcinoma. The women were then scanned using the first PET-MRI system in Turkey, which was established in our department. In this case report, we aimed to determine the advantages of PET-MRI in staging, follow-up, neoadjuvant chemotherapy response, and to compare the usefulness of this modality with PET-CT and dynamic contrast-enhanced breast MRI...
April 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330653/complementary-role-of-cmr-to-conventional-screening-in-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-cardiac-sarcoidosis
#10
Vasileios Kouranos, George E Tzelepis, Aggeliki Rapti, Sofia Mavrogeni, Konstantina Aggeli, Marousa Douskou, Sanjay Prasad, Nikolaos Koulouris, Petros Sfikakis, Athol Wells, Elias Gialafos
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the independent and collective diagnostic value of various modalities in cardiac sarcoidosis, delineate the role of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and identify patients at risk. BACKGROUND: Cardiac sarcoidosis is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. CMR is a key modality in the evaluation of patients with cardiac symptoms, but the complementary role of CMR to conventional tests for the diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis is not fully defined...
March 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329371/rare-spinal-cord-infarction-in-a-patient-with-acute-type-b-aortic-dissection
#11
Yuji Sekine, Takeshi Nishina, Yuichi Ueda
A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with acute epigastric discomfort and subsequent paraplegia. Computed tomography revealed acute type B aortic dissection with a thrombosed false lumen. Magnetic resonance imaging did not reveal spinal cord infarction. Paraplegia resolved completely within 1 h. However, on the following day, the patient developed motor impairment in the left leg, sensory disorder of the bilateral legs and urinary retention. The symptoms gradually improved with conservative medical therapy...
February 20, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328692/experience-with-a-care-process-model-in-the-evaluation-of-pediatric-musculoskeletal-infections-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#12
Lina Patel, Jeff Michael, Nancy Allen, Lisa Schroeder, Lisa Berglund, Jason G Newland
OBJECTIVES: Care process models (CPMs) for certain conditions have improved clinical outcomes in children. This study describes the implementation and impact of a CPM for the evaluation of musculoskeletal infections in a pediatric emergency department (ED). METHODS: A retrospective pre-post intervention study was performed to analyze the impact of a musculoskeletal infection CPM. Patients were identified retrospectively through electronic order history for imaging of an extremity or joint and recommended laboratory tests...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327107/brain-structure-differences-among-male-schizophrenic-patients-with-history-of-serious-violent-acts-an-mri-voxel-based-morphometric-study
#13
Noriomi Kuroki, Hiroko Kashiwagi, Miho Ota, Masanori Ishikawa, Hiroshi Kunugi, Noriko Sato, Naotsugu Hirabayashi, Toshio Ota
BACKGROUND: The biological underpinnings of serious violent behaviors in patients with schizophrenia remain unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of brain morphometry in patients with schizophrenia and a history of serious violent acts, who were being treated under relatively new legislation for offenders with mental illness in Japan where their relevant action should be strongly associated with their mental illness. We also investigated whether morphometric changes would depend on types of serious violent actions or not...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327002/use-of-imaging-to-predict-complete-response-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-after-chemotherapy-mr-imaging-versus-ct-imaging
#14
Min Jung Park, Nurhee Hong, Kyunghwa Han, Min Ju Kim, Yoon Jin Lee, Yang Shin Park, Sung Eun Rha, Sumi Park, Won Jae Lee, Seong Ho Park, Chang Hee Lee, Chung Mo Nam, Chansik An, Hye Jin Kim, Honsoul Kim, Mi-Suk Park
Purpose To compare the diagnostic performances of contrast agent-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced liver magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (referred to as EOB MR imaging) in the evaluation of disappearing colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) after chemotherapy. Materials and Methods The eight institutional review boards approved this retrospective study and waived the requirement for informed consent. On the basis of retrospective searches in eight hospitals, 87 patients with 393 CRLMs, each patient with one or more CRLM that later disappeared on contrast-enhanced CT scans after chemotherapy, and subsequently underwent surgery for the CRLMs, were enrolled...
March 22, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326212/a-case-of-conjunctival-amyloidosis-with-repeated-subconjunctival-hemorrhage
#15
Takaaki Ando, Toshiyuki Oshitari, Mamiko Saito, Ayako Tawada, Takayuki Baba, Jiro Yotsukura, Shuichi Yamamoto
Conjunctival amyloidosis is a very rare disease, and its presence may be a sign of systemic amyloidosis. We present our ocular and systemic findings in a patient with conjunctival amyloidosis. A 43-year-old man had repeated subconjunctival hemorrhages (SCHs) for two years and was referred to the Chiba University Hospital. He had comprehensive ophthalmological and systemic examinations to determine the cause of the SCHs. His visual acuities were 1.2 OU, and the intraocular pressures were 13-14 mmHg OU. Magnetic resonance imaging was normal...
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325379/-diagnosis-and-emergency-treatment-of-stroke-in-children
#16
Gaëlle Gousse, Stéphane Chabrier, Manoëlle Kossorotoff
The sudden occurrence of a focal neurological deficit, sometimes transitory and fluctuating, must lead to a suspicion of a stroke, including in a child. The preferred examination is magnetic resonance imaging with magnetic resonance angiography in an emergency. The sequelae of stroke are common and severe. Urgent diagnosis and adapted care can help to improve morbidity-mortality. Rehabilitation starts early and must systematically screen for cognitive or language impairment. The management of a stroke in a child must be planned for in multi-disciplinary protocols established before the patient's arrival at hospital...
March 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325027/identifying-the-effects-of-visceral-interoception-on-human-brain-connectome-a-multivariate-analysis-of-covariance-of-fmri-data
#17
Behnaz Jarrahi, Dante Mantini
Sources of variations in the neural circuitry of the human brain and interrelationship between intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs) are still a matter of debate and ongoing research. Here, we applied a multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) based on high-dimensional independent component analysis (ICA) to identify the effects of interoception and related variables on human brain connectome. Fifteen healthy right-handed subjects (all females, age range 21 - 48 years; mean age = 30.3, SD = 8.7 years) underwent a blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) that included continuous intravesical saline infusion and drainage...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323680/transient-global-amnesia-commentary-on-trip-gabriel-s-first-person-account
#18
Howard S Kirshner
This paper comments on a companion article, a first-person account of an episode of transient global amnesia written by New York Times reporter Trip Gabriel (Gabriel T. 2017. Cogn Behav Neurol. 30:1-4). Mr Gabriel describes having no memories of a cold, rainy day that he had spent on a sailboat competing in two races. The episode may have been triggered by his exposure to water. Afterward, the skipper recalled that Mr Gabriel had functioned fine on the boat, although after returning to shore he needed help finding his car...
March 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323679/the-day-that-went-missing-a-first-person-account-of-transient-global-amnesia
#19
Trip Gabriel
In this vivid first-person case history, political reporter Trip Gabriel describes experiencing a classic episode of transient global amnesia. He was near the average target age of 61. Although no cause has been established for the syndrome, as with many other patients his episode appears to have been triggered by contact with water: He was racing a sailboat. While remaining alert and handling complex sailing maneuvers, he suddenly developed amnesia that left him with no recollection of finishing two races, returning to shore, drinking a beer with his friends, needing help finding his car, and not knowing where he was or where he lived...
March 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320486/left-jackknife-position-a-novel-position-for-laparoscopic-hepatectomy
#20
Jian-Cong Chen, Rong-Xin Zhang, Min-Shan Chen, Li Xu, Jin-Bin Chen, Ke-Li Yang, Yao-Jun Zhang, Zhong-Guo Zhou
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) located in segment VI, VII, or VIII of the liver is usually difficult because of poor operative exposure, due to the unique anatomical structure. In this study, we evaluated the practice of laparoscopic hepatectomy with the left jackknife position for patients with HCC located in segment VI, VII, or VIII. METHODS: A total of 10 patients were enrolled to undergo laparoscopic hepatectomy with the left jackknife position...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
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