keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brachial plexus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429047/therapeutic-outcome-of-ct-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-in-patients-with-osteoid-osteoma
#1
Louis Lassalle, R Campagna, G Corcos, A Babinet, F Larousserie, J Stephanazzi, A Feydy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term outcome of computed tomography-guided radiofrequency ablation (CT-guided RFA) in patients with suspected osteoid osteoma (OO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-center retrospective study. Patients with clinical suspicion and imaging diagnosis of osteoid osteoma were treated by CT-guided RFA using the same device with either a 7- or 10-mm active tip electrode. Specific precautions were applied in case of articular or spinal OO. Patients were contacted by phone to evaluate the long-term outcome in terms of pain, ability to perform daily activities (including sports), and long-term complications...
April 20, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428928/origin-branching-and-communications-of-the-intercostobrachial-nerve-a-meta-analysis-with-implications-for-mastectomy-and-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-in-breast-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Brandon Michael Henry, Matthew J Graves, Jakub R Pękala, Beatrice Sanna, Wan Chin Hsieh, R Shane Tubbs, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
The intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN), which usually originates from the lateral cutaneous branch of the second intercostal nerve, innervates areas of the axilla, lateral chest, and medial arm. It is at risk for injury during operative procedures that are often used in the management of breast cancer and such injury has been associated with postoperative sensory loss and neuropathic pain, decreasing the quality of life. PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Biosciences Information Service (BIOSIS), and Web of Science were searched comprehensively...
March 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427870/all-endoscopic-brachial-plexus-complete-neurolysis-for-idiopathic-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-a-prospective-case-series
#3
Thibault Lafosse, Malo Le Hanneur, Laurent Lafosse
PURPOSE: To describe an all-endoscopic technique for infra- and supraclavicular brachial plexus (BP) neurolysis and to assess its functional outcomes for patients suffering from nonspecific neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS). METHODS: Between January 2010 and January 2013, 36 patients presenting an idiopathic nonspecific NTOS benefited from an endoscopic decompression in our institution. The inclusion criteria were a typical clinical NTOS and failure of a 6-month well-conducted nonsurgical treatment...
April 17, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426263/using-contingent-reinforcement-to-augment-muscle-activation-after-perinatal-brachial-plexus-injury-a-pilot-study
#4
S V Duff, B Sargent, J J Kutch, J Berggren, B E Leiby, L Fetters
AIM: Examine the feasibility of increasing muscle activation with electromyographically (EMG)-triggered musical-video as reinforcement for children with perinatal brachial plexus injury (PBPI). METHODS: Six children with PBPI (9.3 ± 6.3 months; 5 female, 1 male) and 13 typically developing (TD) controls (7.8 ± 3.5 months; 4 female, 9 males) participated. The left arm was affected in 5/6 children with PBPI. We recorded the integral (Vs) of biceps activation with surface EMG during two conditions per arm in one session: (1) 100 second (s) baseline without reinforcement and (2) 300 s reinforcement (musical-video triggered to play with biceps activation above threshold [V])...
April 20, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423347/experimental-study-of-brachial-plexus-and-vessel-compression-evaluation-of-combined-central-and-peripheral-electrodiagnostic-approach
#5
Chaoqun Yang, Jianguang Xu, Jie Chen, Shulin Li, Yu Cao, Yi Zhu, Lei Xu
INTRODUCTION: We sought to investigate the reliability of a new electrodiagnostic method for identifying Electrodiagnosis of Brachial Plexus & Vessel Compression Syndrome (BPVCS) in rats that involves the application of transcranial electrical stimulation motor evoked potentials (TES-MEPs) combined with peripheral nerve stimulation compound muscle action potentials (PNS-CMAPs). RESULTS: The latencies of the TES-MEP and PNS-CMAP were initially elongated in the 8-week group...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421316/comparison-of-the-coracoid-and-retroclavicular-approaches-for-ultrasound-guided-infraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block
#6
Nilgun Kavrut Ozturk, Ali Sait Kavakli
PURPOSE: This prospective randomized study compared the coracoid and retroclavicular approaches to ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block (IBPB) in terms of needle tip and shaft visibility and quality of block. We hypothesized that the retroclavicular approach would increase needle tip and shaft visibility and decrease the number of needle passes compared to the coracoid approach. METHODS: A total of 100 adult patients who received IBPB block for upper limb surgery were randomized into two groups: a coracoid approach group (group C) and a retroclavicular approach group (group R)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420906/comparison-of-ultrasound-and-ultrasound-plus-nerve-stimulator-guidance-axillary-plexus-block
#7
Gokhan Demirelli, Semih Baskan, Isil Karabeyoglu, Ismail Aytac, Dilsen Hatice Ornek, Alper Erdogmus, Mustafa Baydar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of axillary plexus blockade applied using ultrasound only and using ultrasound together with nerve stimulator in patients undergoing planned forearm, wrist or hand surgery. METHODS: This randomised, prospective, double-blinded, single-centre study was conducted at Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, from November 2014 to August 2015, and comprised patients undergoing forearm, wrist or hand surgery...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419287/prediction-algorithm-for-surgical-intervention-in-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#8
Thomas J Wilson, Kate W C Chang, Lynda J S Yang
BACKGROUND: Neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) results in reduced function of the affected arm with profound ramifications on quality of life. Advances in surgical technique have shown improvements in outcomes for appropriately selected patients. Patient selection, however, remains difficult. OBJECTIVE: To develop a decision algorithm that could be applied at the individual patient level, early in life, to reliably predict persistent NBPP that would benefit from surgery...
April 17, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417040/unusual-branching-pattern-of-the-lateral-cord-of-the-brachial-plexus-associated-with-neurovascular-compression-case-report
#9
Hitendra K Loh, Shikha Singh, Rajesh K Suri
The brachial plexus consists of a network of nerves that innervates the upper limbs and its musculature. We report a rare formation of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus observed during the dissection of a 47-year-old male cadaver at the Department of Anatomy, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi, India, in 2016. The lateral cord was exceptionally long with twin lateral pectoral nerves and twin lateral roots of the median nerve. The proximal lateral root of the median nerve was thin in comparison to the medial root of the median nerve...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417038/anomalous-innervation-of-the-median-nerve-in-the-arm-in-the-absence-of-the-musculocutaneous-nerve
#10
Khursheed Raza, Seema Singh, Neerja Rani, Raghav Mishra, Kamakshi Mehta, Saroj Kaler
The brachial plexus innervates the upper extremities. While variations in the formation of the brachial plexus and its terminal branches are quite common, it is uncommon for the median nerve to innervate the muscles of the arm. During the dissection of an elderly male cadaver at the Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, in 2016, the coracobrachialis muscle was found to be supplied by a direct branch from the lateral root of the median nerve and the musculocutaneous nerve was absent...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413277/efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-with-ropivacaine-in-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-for-upper-limb-surgeries
#11
Jithendra Chinnappa, Shivakumar Shivanna, Vinayak Seenappa Pujari, Tejesh Channasandra Anandaswamy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of addition of dexmedetomidine on the duration of analgesia in patients undergoing upper limb surgeries under supraclavicular brachial plexus block. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I/II/III undergoing elective upper limb surgeries under supraclavicular brachial plexus block using nerve stimulator were randomized into two groups...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412188/patterns-of-brachial-plexus-stretch-palsy-in-a-prospective-series-of-565-surgically-treated-patients
#12
Jayme A Bertelli, Marcos F Ghizoni, Francisco Soldado
PURPOSE: To report the distribution of the different patterns of stretch brachial plexus injuries (BPIs) in a retrospective cohort of patients operated at our institution during an 11-year period. METHODS: From September 2002 to June 2012, we evaluated and operated on 565 patients with traction injuries of the brachial plexus. Average age was 26.8 years (SD ±9.3 years); the interval between the injury and surgery was 5.4 months (SD ±2.8 months). The pattern of injury was defined based on data obtained from a standardized clinical examination, preoperative helical computed tomography myelography after intradural contrast injection, surgical findings, and intraoperative electric stimulation...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412107/glenoid-morphology-in-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-lesion-a-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-study
#13
Lars H Frich, Pernille H Schmidt, Trine Torfing
BACKGROUND: Obstetric brachial plexus lesion (OBPL) frequently leads to glenohumeral dysplasia, and excessive retroversion of the glenoid is among the best known developmental disturbances. Most analyses of the glenoid are based on 2-dimensional (D) imaging and do not address glenoid inclination or provide information on the glenoid in the sagittal plane. We aim to describe the 3-D deformity of the glenoid in children with OBPL. METHODS: Preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans of the nonaffected and the affected scapula of 24 children (aged 5 to 12 years) with developmental disturbances after OBPL years were analyzed...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406877/scapulothoracic-dissociation-evaluation-and-management
#14
Andrew M Choo, Patrick C Schottel, Andrew R Burgess
Scapulothoracic dissociation is a rare, potentially limb- and life-threatening injury of the shoulder girdle. The injury is characterized by lateral displacement of the scapula resulting from traumatic disruption of the scapulothoracic articulation. The typical physical examination findings consist of substantial swelling of the shoulder girdle, along with weakness, numbness, and pulselessness in the ipsilateral upper extremity. Radiographic evaluation includes measurement of the scapular index on a nonrotated chest radiograph and assessment for either a distracted clavicle fracture or a disrupted acromioclavicular or sternoclavicular joint...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405041/supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-comparison-of-varying-doses-of-dexmedetomidine-combined-with-levobupivacaine-a-double-blind-randomised-trial
#15
Srinivasa Rao Nallam, Sunil Chiruvella, Swetha Karanam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal dose of dexmedetomidine for brachial plexus block is a matter of debate. This study was carried out to evaluate 50 μg or 100 μg of dexmedetomidine added to 0.5% levobupivacaine, with regard to the duration of analgesia. Our study also sought to assess the onset and duration of sensorimotor blockade, haemodynamic effects, sedation and adverse effects. METHODS: One hundred adult patients undergoing upper limb surgeries under supraclavicular brachial plexus block were randomly allocated into two groups...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405040/a-dose-finding-randomised-controlled-trial-of-magnesium-sulphate-as-an-adjuvant-in-ultrasound-guided-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block
#16
Versha Verma, Shelly Rana, Sudarshan Kumar Chaudhary, Jai Singh, Ravinder Kumar Verma, Saloni Sood
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) has been used as an adjuvant in brachial plexus block with encouraging results; however, there is no consensus regarding its optimal dose. Thereby, we compared the efficacy of two doses of MgSO4 as an adjuvant in ultrasound (USG) guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block. METHODS: Ninety patients, aged 20-60 years, belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 or 2, were given USG-guided supraclavicular block...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403412/reduced-hemidiaphragmatic-paresis-with-extrafascial-compared-with-conventional-intrafascial-tip-placement-for-continuous-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial
#17
E Albrecht, I Bathory, N Fournier, A Jacot-Guillarmod, A Farron, R Brull
Background.: The incidence of hemidiaphragmatic paresis with continuous interscalene brachial plexus block (CISB) can approach 100%. We tested the hypothesis that extrafascial placement of the catheter tip reduces the rate of hemidiaphragmatic paresis compared with intrafascial tip placement for CISB while providing effective analgesia. Methods.: Seventy patients undergoing elective major shoulder surgery under general anaesthesia were randomized to receive an ultrasound-guided CISB plexus block for analgesia with the catheter tip placed either within (intrafascial group) or immediately outside (extrafascial group) the brachial plexus sheath midway between the levels of C5 and C6...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403100/delayed-bilateral-vocal-cord-paresis-after-a-continuous-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-and-endotracheal-intubation-a-lesson-why-we-should-use-low-concentrated-local-anesthetics-for-continuous-blocks
#18
Hee-Sun Park, Ha-Jung Kim, Young-Jin Ro, Hong-Seuk Yang, Won-Uk Koh
RATIONALE: Recurrent laryngeal nerve block is an uncommon complication that can occur after an interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB), which may lead to vocal cord palsy or paresis. However, if the recurrent laryngeal nerve is blocked in patients with a preexisting contralateral vocal cord palsy following neck surgery, this may lead to devastating acute respiratory failure. Thus, ISB is contraindicated in patients with contralateral vocal cord lesion. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports of bilateral vocal cord paresis, which occurred after a continuous ISB and endotracheal intubation in a patient with no history of vocal cord injury or surgery of the neck...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394871/triplanar-humeral-osteotomy-for-restoration-of-midline-function-in-patients-with-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#19
John D Jennings, Dustin A Greenhill, Scott H Kozin, Dan A Zlotolow
Brachial plexus birth palsy resolves spontaneously in a majority of patients, however, others may have serious permanent dysfunction. Although nerve transfers or grafts are early options for treatment, many children have residual deficits or present too late for such procedures. In these patients, rotational osteotomy of the humerus may restore improved function and motion. Unfortunately, traditional humeral osteotomies only provide correction in a single plane, therefore appropriate correction of the typical residual deformity is incomplete...
April 7, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393557/recurrent-stingers-in-an-adolescent-football-player-dilemmas-of-return-to-play-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Jason L Zaremski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Daniel C Herman
We present the case of a 16-year-old football linebacker with a history of recurrent stingers. Initial physical examination was normal as were cervical spine radiographs. MRI of the cervical spine revealed relative stenosis. Electrodiagnostic testing revealed chronic bilateral neurogenic changes of the superior trunk of the brachial plexus. A Kerr Collar was obtained to minimize head acceleration and force transmission through the neck. While there are return-to-play guidelines for recurrent stingers, there are inconsistencies with those recommendations...
April 10, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
keyword
keyword
6452
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"