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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906456/environmental-risk-factors-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-cats
#1
M Öhlund, A Egenvall, T Fall, H Hansson-Hamlin, H Röcklinsberg, B S Holst
BACKGROUND: Diabetes in cats resembles type 2 diabetes in people. The etiology is not fully understood, but both genetic and environmental factors are believed to contribute. OBJECTIVES: To assess the associations of environmental risk factors with diabetes in cats. ANIMALS: Cats with a diagnosis of diabetes (n = 396) insured by a Swedish insurance company during years 2009-2013, and a control group (n = 1,670) matched on birth year. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was used in a case-control study...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906155/-prevalence-of-hypothyroidism-in-andalusia-spain-determined-by-thyroid-hormone-comsumption
#2
José Escribano-Serrano, José Mancera-Romero, Vanessa Santos-Sánchez, Carolina Payá-Giner, Mª Isabel Méndez-Esteban, Antonio García-Bonilla, Manuela Márquez-Ferrando, Antonio Hormigo-Pozo, Alfredo Michán-Doña
OBJECTIVE: Hypothyroidism is the most common condition linked to a hormone deficiency, nevertheless data on its prevalence are scarce in Spain. For that reason, we have estimated its prevalence through the registration of patients who had used thyroid hormones in Andalusia (South Spain). METHODS: Data of patients who had withdrawn levothyroxine under the public system during 2014 from the base of the Andalusian Health Service were considered. Prevalence were calculated with confidence intervals of 95% for each management area, stratified by sex and age groups, and differences between them were evaluated...
December 2, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905975/health-profile-of-centenarians-in-portugal-a-census-based-approach
#3
Oscar Ribeiro, Laetitia Teixeira, Lia Araújo, Constança Paúl
BACKGROUND: The number of centenarians is rapidly increasing in Europe. In Portugal, it has almost tripled over the last 10 years and constitutes one of the fastest-growing segments of the population. This paper aims to describe the health and sociodemographic characteristics of Portuguese centenarians as given in the 2011 census and to identify sex differences. METHODS: All persons living in Portugal mainland and Madeira and Azores islands aged 100 years old at the time of the 2011 census (N = 1,526) were considered...
April 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905939/causes-of-death-in-vanuatu
#4
Karen Carter, Viran Tovu, Jeffrey Tila Langati, Michael Buttsworth, Lester Dingley, Andy Calo, Griffith Harrison, Chalapati Rao, Alan D Lopez, Richard Taylor
BACKGROUND: The population of the Pacific Melanesian country of Vanuatu was 234,000 at the 2009 census. Apart from subsistence activities, economic activity includes tourism and agriculture. Current completeness of vital registration is considered too low to be usable for national statistics; mortality and life expectancy (LE) are derived from indirect demographic estimates from censuses/surveys. Some cause of death (CoD) data are available to provide information on major causes of premature death...
March 15, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905934/estimation-of-country-specific-and-global-prevalence-of-male-circumcision
#5
Brian J Morris, Richard G Wamai, Esther B Henebeng, Aaron Ar Tobian, Jeffrey D Klausner, Joya Banerjee, Catherine A Hankins
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision (MC) status and genital infection risk are interlinked and MC is now part of HIV prevention programs worldwide. Current MC prevalence is not known for all countries globally. Our aim was to provide estimates for country-specific and global MC prevalence. METHODS: MC prevalence data were obtained by searches in PubMed, Demographic and Health Surveys, AIDS Indicator Surveys, and Behavioural Surveillance Surveys. Male age was ≥15 years in most surveys...
March 1, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905876/age-and-sex-specific-associations-of-anthropometric-measures-of-adiposity-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Kevin Y Taing, Michael E Farkouh, Rahim Moineddin, Jack V Tu, Prabhat Jha
BACKGROUND: A determinant of blood pressure is adiposity; however, there are uncertainties surrounding whether general or central adiposity is the more important determinant of blood pressure. Further, inconsistent results exist for the relationships of anthropometric measures with blood pressure and hypertension, and whether these relationships differ substantially by age and sex is unclear. We aimed to elucidate the associations of anthropometric measures of general and central adiposity with blood pressure and hypertension, and determine the effect of age and sex on these relationships...
December 1, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905671/long-term-survivors-of-childhood-bone-and-soft-tissue-sarcomas-are-at-risk-of-hospitalization
#7
Cristian D Gonzalez, R Lor Randall, Jennifer Wright, Holly Spraker-Perlman, Jian Ying, Carol Sweeney, Ken R Smith, Anne C Kirchhoff
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors can have a high burden of chronic conditions related to cancer treatment, some of which are debilitating or potentially life-threatening. Much remains to be learned about late effects in bone and soft tissue sarcoma survivors. PROCEDURES: The Utah Cancer Registry was used to identify survivors of bone (N = 71) and soft tissue sarcomas (N = 98) who were diagnosed at ages 0-20 years between 1973 and 2007 and were alive at least 5 years after diagnosis...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905665/multiple-paternity-in-a-wild-population-of-armadillidium-vulgare-influence-of-infection-with-wolbachia
#8
V Valette, S Durand, N Bech, F Grandjean, S Beltran-Bech
Female multiple mating has been extensively studied to understand how nonobvious benefits, generally thought to be of genetic nature, could overcome heavy costs such as an increased risk of infection during mating. However, the impact of infection itself on multiple mating has rarely been addressed. The interaction between the bacterium Wolbachia and its terrestrial crustacean host, Armadillidium vulgare, is a relevant model to investigate this question. In this association, Wolbachia is able to turn genetic males into functional females (i...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905175/racial-disparity-in-all-cause-mortality-among-hepatitis-c-virus-infected-individuals-in-a-general-us-population-nhanes-iii
#9
B Emmanuel, M D Shardell, L Tracy, S Kottilil, S S El-Kamary
There are few long-term nationally representative studies of all-cause mortality among those infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). When an additional 5 years of data were made publicly available in 2015, the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Linked Mortality File became the longest nationally representative study in the United States. Our objective was to update the estimated HCV-associated all-cause mortality in the general US population and determine any differences by sex, age and race/ethnicity...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904027/retinal-vascular-changes-and-prospective-risk-of-disabling-dementia-the-circulatory-risk-in-communities-study-circs
#10
Hiroshige Jinnouchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Masahiko Kiyama, Hironori Imano, Takeo Okada, Renzhe Cui, Mitsumasa Umesawa, Isao Muraki, Mina Hayama-Terada, Ryo Kawasaki, Tomoko Sankai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hiroyasu Iso
AIM: To investigate the association of retinal vascular changes with a risk of dementia in longitudinal population-based study. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study of 3,718 persons, aged 40-89 years, enrolled between 1983 and 2004. Retinal vascular changes were observed in 351 cases with disabling dementia (average period before the onset, 11.2 years) and in 702 controls matched for sex, age, and baseline year. Incidence of disabling dementia was defined as individuals who received cares for disabilities including dementia-related symptoms and/or behavioral disturbance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903996/survival-of-patients-on-hemodialysis-and-predictors-of-mortality-a-single-centre-analysis-of-time-dependent-factors
#11
Shahrzad Ossareh, Farhat Farrokhi, Marjan Zebarjadi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the outcome and predictors of survival in hemodialysis patients of Hasheminejad Kidney Center where a comprehensive dialysis care program has been placed since 2004. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 560 hemodialysis patients were used to evaluate 9-year survival rates and predictors of mortality. Cox regression models included comorbidities as well as averaged and 6-month-averaged time-dependent values of laboratory findings as independent factors...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903988/metabolic-syndrome-in-relation-to-risk-of-meningioma
#12
Corinna Seliger, Christoph R Meier, Claudia Becker, Susan S Jick, Martin Proescholdt, Ulrich Bogdahn, Peter Hau, Michael F Leitzmann
BACKGROUND: Meningioma is a frequent primary intracranial tumor, the etiology of which is potentially related to adiposity. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an increasingly common disease characterized by having at least three of the following conditions: central adiposity, arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. Only one prior study investigated MetS in relation to meningioma risk and found a positive association between the two. RESULTS: Among 2,027 cases and 20,269 controls, body mass index was positively associated with meningioma (p-value for trend < 0...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903815/neonatal-vitamin-d-status-and-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis-a-population-based-case-control-study
#13
Nete Munk Nielsen, Kassandra L Munger, Nils Koch-Henriksen, David M Hougaard, Melinda Magyari, Kristian T Jørgensen, Marika Lundqvist, Jacob Simonsen, Tine Jess, Arieh Cohen, Egon Stenager, Alberto Ascherio
OBJECTIVE: As previous research has suggested that exposure to vitamin D insufficiency in utero may have relevance for the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), we aimed to examine the direct association between level of neonatal vitamin D and risk of MS. METHODS: We carried out a matched case-control study. Dried blood spots samples (DBSS) belonging to 521 patients with MS were identified in the Danish Newborn Screening Biobank. For every patient with MS, 1-2 controls with the same sex and birth date were retrieved from the Biobank (n = 972)...
November 30, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903428/gonadogenesis-and-annual-reproductive-cycles-of-an-endangered-cyprinid-fish-the-lake-minnow-eupallasella-percnurus-pallas-1814
#14
Piotr Hliwa, Jarosław Król, Justyna Sikorska, Jacek Wolnicki, Grzegorz J Dietrich, Rafał Kamiński, Agnieszka Stabińska, Andrzej Ciereszko
In this study, gonadogenesis, the effect of temperature (15, 20 and 25°C) on sex differentiation, and annual changes in the gonads of mature lake minnow Eupallasella percnurus (Pallas, 1814) were determined. The lake minnow was found to be a primary gonochoristic fish species, where gonads are formed directly in the ovaries or testes. The morphological differentiation of gonads was initiated 35days post hatch (DPH) when two types of gonadal anlages were visible: a pear-shaped gonad attached by a single mesentery string and a spindle-shaped gonad attached on both sides to the peritoneum...
November 22, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903323/reproductive-ecology-of-phorid-parasitoids-in-relation-to-the-head-size-of-leaf-cutting-ants-atta-sexdens-forel
#15
C F Farder-Gomes, M A Oliveira, P L Gonçalves, L M Gontijo, J C Zanuncio, M A L Bragança, E M Pires
The leaf-cutting ant Atta sexdens Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) is one of the most damaging agricultural pests in the Neotropics. Management strategies predominantly rely on the use of general insecticides. What is needed are more species-specific and environmentally friendly options. Parasitioids such as phorid flies (Diptera: Phoridae) may be one such option, but a greater understanding of the ecology of the flies and their ant hosts is essential to devise biological control strategies. Here we report parasitism rates, ant host size, parasitoid abundance per host and resultant sex ratios of two phorid species Apocephalus attophilus Borgmeier and Eibesfeldtphora tonhascai Brown parasitizing A...
December 1, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903239/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-grip-strength-and-mortality-in-older-adults-results-from-the-kora-age-study
#16
Marjan Arvandi, Barbara Strasser, Christa Meisinger, Konstantinos Volaklis, Raffaella Matteucci Gothe, Uwe Siebert, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Eva Grill, Alexander Horsch, Michael Laxy, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand
BACKGROUND: Reduced muscular strength in the old age is strongly related to activity impairment and mortality. However, studies evaluating the gender-specific association between muscularity and mortality among older adults are lacking. Thus, the objective of the present study was to examine gender differences in the association between muscular strength and mortality in a prospective population-based cohort study. METHODS: Data used in this study derived from the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA)-Age Study...
November 30, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903189/grade-ii-meningiomas-and-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-analysis-of-success-and-failure-to-improve-treatment-paradigm
#17
Charles A Valery, Matthieu Faillot, Ioannis Lamproglou, Jean-Louis Golmard, Catherine Jenny, Matthieu Peyre, Karima Mokhtari, Jean-Jacques Mazeron, Philippe Cornu, Michel Kalamarides
OBJECTIVE Grade II meningiomas, which currently account for 25% of all meningiomas, are subject to multiple recurrences throughout the course of the disease and represent a challenge for the neurosurgeon. Radiosurgery is increasingly performed for the treatment of Grade II meningiomas and is quite efficient in controlling relapses locally at the site of the lesion, but it cannot prevent margin relapses. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the technical parameters involved in producing marginal relapses and to optimize loco-marginal control to improve therapeutic strategy...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903181/prognostic-factors-for-melanoma-brain-metastases-treated-with-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#18
Shelly X Bian, David Routman, Jonathan Liu, Dongyun Yang, Susan Groshen, Gabriel Zada, Nicholas Trakul, Michael K Wong, Cheng Yu, Eric L Chang
OBJECTIVE Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is routinely used to treat brain metastases from melanoma due to their radioresistant nature. The median survival for these patients is 4-6 months, according to earlier studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors that influence survival in patients with metastatic melanoma to the brain treated with SRS. METHODS This retrospective analysis included all patients with melanoma brain metastases treated with SRS at the University of Southern California between 1994 and 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903051/spatial-and-spatio-temporal-analysis-of-malaria-in-the-state-of-acre-western-amazon-brazil
#19
Leonardo Augusto Kohara Melchior, Francisco Chiaravalloti Neto
Since 2005, the State of Acre, western Amazon, Brazil, has reported the highest annual parasite incidence (API) of malaria among the Brazilian states. This study examines malaria incidence in Acre using spatial and spatio-temporal analysis based on an ecological time series study analyzing malaria cases and deaths for the time period 1992- 2014 and using secondary data. API indexes were calculated by age, sex, parasite species, ratio of Plasmodium vivax to P. falciparum malaria, malaria mortality rate and case fatality rate...
November 16, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902846/physical-activity-and-other-determinants-of-survival-in-the-oldest-adults
#20
Antonio Muscari, Giampaolo Bianchi, Paola Forti, Marco Giovagnoli, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of physical activity as a possible survival determinant in the oldest adults. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, population-based cohort. SETTING: The Pianoro Study of community-dwelling older adults in three towns in northern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized individuals aged 85 and older (n = 500; mean age 89.6 ± 3.1, 65% female). MEASUREMENTS: Participants provided information on marital status, educational level, previous work activity, cardiovascular risk factors, previous cardiovascular events, self-rated health, joint pain, and functional status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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