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Robert Siegel

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216349/developing-a-standard-set-of-patient-centred-outcomes-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-an-international-cross-disciplinary-consensus
#1
Andrew H Kim, Charlotte Roberts, Brian G Feagan, Rupa Banerjee, Willem Bemelman, Keith Bodger, Marc Derieppe, Axel Dignass, Richard Driscoll, Ray Fitzpatrick, Janette Gaarentstroom-Lunt, Peter D Higgins, Paulo Gustavo Kotze, Jillian Meissner, Marian O'Connor, Zhi-Hua Ran, Corey A Siegel, Helen Terry, Welmoed K van Deen, C Janneke van der Woude, Alandra Weaver, Suk-Kyun Yang, Bruce E Sands, Séverine Vermeire, Simon Pl Travis
Background and Aims: Success in delivering value-based healthcare involves measuring outcomes that matter most to patients. Our aim was to develop a minimum Standard Set of patient-centred outcome measures for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), for use in different healthcare settings. Methods: An international working group (n=25) representing patients, patient associations, gastroenterologists, surgeons, specialist nurses, IBD registries and patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) methodologists participated in a series of teleconferences incorporating a modified Delphi process...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208340/different-indicators-for-postprocedural-mitral-stenosis-caused-by-single-or-multiple-clip-implantation-after-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair
#2
Yuji Itabashi, Hiroto Utsunomiya, Shunsuke Kubo, Yukiko Mizutani, Hirotsugu Mihara, Mitsushige Murata, Robert J Siegel, Saibal Kar, Keiichi Fukuda, Takahiro Shiota
BACKGROUND: Postprocedural mitral stenosis (MS) is a main limitation for MitraClip™ (Abbot Vascular, Inc., Santa Clara, CA, USA) procedure. The purpose of this study was to detect the preprocedural predictors of high transmitral pressure gradient (TMPG) after MitraClip™ implantation, which indicated postprocedural mitral stenosis (MS). METHODS: We studied 79 patients who were implanted with MitraClip™ in our institute. Before the procedure, mitral valve orifice area (MVOA), and anterior-posterior (AP) and medial-lateral (ML) mitral annular diameters were measured at diastole using three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) data set...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206911/libman-sacks-vegetations-detected-by-3d-echocardiography
#3
Nir Flint, Robert J Siegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181510/neurologic-phenotypes-associated-with-mutations-in-rtn4ip1-opa10-in-children-and-young-adults
#4
Majida Charif, Alessia Nasca, Kyle Thompson, Sylvie Gerber, Christine Makowski, Neda Mazaheri, Céline Bris, David Goudenège, Andrea Legati, Reza Marrofian, Gholamreza Shariati, Eleonora Lamantea, Sila Hopton, Anna Ardissone, Isabella Moroni, Melania Giannotta, Corinna Siegel, Tim M Strom, Holger Prokisch, Catherine Vignal-Clermont, Sabine Derrien, Xavier Zanlonghi, Josseline Kaplan, Christian P Hamel, Stephanie Leruez, Vincent Procaccio, Dominique Bonneau, Pascal Reynier, Frances E White, Steven A Hardy, Inês A Barbosa, Michael A Simpson, Roshni Vara, Yaumara Perdomo Trujillo, Hamind Galehdari, Charu Deshpande, Tobias B Haack, Jean-Michel Rozet, Robert W Taylor, Daniele Ghezzi, Patrizia Amati-Bonneau, Guy Lenaers
Importance: Neurologic disorders with isolated symptoms or complex syndromes are relatively frequent among mitochondrial inherited diseases. Recessive RTN4IP1 gene mutations have been shown to cause isolated and syndromic optic neuropathies. Objective: To define the spectrum of clinical phenotypes associated with mutations in RTN4IP1 encoding a mitochondrial quinone oxidoreductase. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study involved 12 individuals from 11 families with severe central nervous system diseases and optic atrophy...
November 27, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169270/nudging-healthier-choices-in-a-hospital-cafeteria-results-from-a-field-study
#5
Mary Carol Mazza, Linda Dynan, Robert M Siegel, Anita L Tucker
More than two thirds of adults and one third of children are overweight or obese in the United States. These trends have led to initiatives to provide information that supports informed choices. Traffic light labeling has been shown to increase consumer awareness and encourage healthy selections. This article contributes to the literature on healthy choices by comparing the additional contribution of a number of interventions used in combination with traffic light labeling. We conducted a 21-month field study in a workplace cafeteria...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101467/scale-specific-drivers-of-kelp-forest-communities
#6
Thomas Lamy, Daniel C Reed, Andrew Rassweiler, David A Siegel, Li Kui, Tom W Bell, Rachel D Simons, Robert J Miller
Identifying spatial scales of variation in natural communities and the processes driving them is critical for obtaining a predictive understanding of biodiversity. In this study, we focused on diverse communities inhabiting productive kelp forests on shallow subtidal rocky reefs in southern California, USA. We combined long-term community surveys from 86 sites with detailed environmental data to determine what structures assemblages of fishes, invertebrates and algae at multiple spatial scales. We identified the spatial scales of variation in species composition using a hierarchical analysis based on eigenfunctions, and assessed how sea surface temperature (SST), water column chlorophyll, giant kelp biomass, wave exposure and potential propagule delivery strength contributed to community variation at each scale...
November 3, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025679/relation-of-residual-mitral-regurgitation-despite-elevated-mitral-gradients-to-risk-of-heart-failure-hospitalization-after-mitraclip-repair
#7
Richard Cheng, Sam Dawkins, Emily Tat, Moody Makar, Asma Hussaini, Raj R Makkar, Alfredo Trento, Robert J Siegel, Saibal Kar
Achieving minimal residual mitral regurgitation (MR) after percutaneous MitraClip repair is limited by iatrogenic mitral stenosis. It is unknown whether allowing moderately elevated postprocedural mean mitral gradients (MMGs) to achieve < moderate residual MR is preferable to moderate residual regurgitation. Patients with less-than-moderate residual MR but a MMG of ≥5 mm Hg (Group 1) were compared with patients with moderate residual MR (Group 2). The primary end point was heart failure hospitalization...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022357/challenges-in-screening-for-pediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
Anna E Ferguson, Stavra A Xanthakos, Robert M Siegel
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of elevated liver enzymes in children in the United States. Screening for NAFLD in children with obesity is recommended by several published guidelines, but the application of these recommendations in pediatric weight management programs is uncertain. Our study aimed to describe the screening practices for NAFLD in a large pediatric weight management program. During 2014, 1312 patients were seen, with a liver enzyme panel obtained in 847 (64...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977393/atypical-annular-calcification-of-mitral-annulus
#9
Saman Setareh-Shenas, Devin W Kehl, Florian Rader, Daniel J Luthringer, Robert James Siegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975202/state-intimate-partner-violence-related-firearm-laws-and-intimate-partner-homicide-rates-in-the-united-states-1991-to-2015
#10
Carolina Díez, Rachel P Kurland, Emily F Rothman, Megan Bair-Merritt, Eric Fleegler, Ziming Xuan, Sandro Galea, Craig S Ross, Bindu Kalesan, Kristin A Goss, Michael Siegel
Background: To prevent intimate partner homicide (IPH), some states have adopted laws restricting firearm possession by intimate partner violence (IPV) offenders. "Possession" laws prohibit the possession of firearms by these offenders. "Relinquishment" laws prohibit firearm possession and also explicitly require offenders to surrender their firearms. Few studies have assessed the effect of these policies. Objective: To study the association between state IPV-related firearm laws and IPH rates over a 25-year period (1991 to 2015)...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874601/trials-and-tribulations-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-measuring-the-impact-of-a-community-based-program
#11
Howland E Crosswell, Kaitlin N Bomar, Nicole Vickery, Kristina Stoeppler-Biege, Terra D Spann, Robert D Siegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846098/the-metabolic-effects-of-gdf15-are-mediated-by-the-orphan-receptor-gfral
#12
Paul J Emmerson, Feng Wang, Yong Du, Qian Liu, Richard T Pickard, Malgorzata D Gonciarz, Tamer Coskun, Matthew J Hamang, Dana K Sindelar, Kimberly K Ballman, Lisa A Foltz, Avinash Muppidi, Jorge Alsina-Fernandez, Gavin C Barnard, Jason X Tang, Xilin Liu, Xudong Mao, Robert Siegel, John H Sloan, Pamela J Mitchell, Bei B Zhang, Ruth E Gimeno, Bei Shan, Xinle Wu
Growth/differentiation factor 15 (GDF15), also known as MIC-1, is a distant member of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily and has been implicated in various biological functions, including cancer cachexia, renal and heart failure, atherosclerosis and metabolism. A connection between GDF15 and body-weight regulation was initially suggested on the basis of an observation that increasing GDF15 levels in serum correlated with weight loss in individuals with advanced prostate cancer. In animal models, overexpression of GDF15 leads to a lean phenotype, hypophagia and other improvements in metabolic parameters, suggesting that recombinant GDF15 protein could potentially be used in the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes...
October 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844789/protocadherin-10-alters-%C3%AE-oscillations-amino-acid-levels-and-their-coupling-baclofen-partially-restores-these-oscillatory-deficits
#13
Russell G Port, Christopher Gajewski, Elizabeth Krizman, Holly C Dow, Shinji Hirano, Edward S Brodkin, Gregory C Carlson, Michael B Robinson, Timothy P L Roberts, Steven J Siegel
Approximately one in 45 children have been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), which is characterized by social/communication impairments. Recent studies have linked a subset of familial ASD to mutations in the Protocadherin 10 (Pcdh10) gene. Additionally, Pcdh10's expression pattern, as well as its known role within protein networks, implicates the gene in ASD. Subsequently, the neurobiology of mice heterozygous for Pcdh10 (Pcdh10(+/-)) has been investigated as a proxy for ASD. Male Pcdh10(+/-) mice have demonstrated sex-specific deficits in social behavior, recapitulating the gender bias observed in ASD...
August 24, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841509/exploring-online-communication-about-cigarette-smoking-among-twitter-users-who-self-identify-as-having-schizophrenia
#14
Yulin Hswen, John A Naslund, Pooja Chandrashekar, Robert Siegel, John S Brownstein, Jared B Hawkins
Novel approaches are needed to address elevated tobacco use among people with schizophrenia. This exploratory study examined the frequency, timing, and type of communication about tobacco-related content on Twitter among users who self-identify as having schizophrenia compared with users from the general population. Over a 200-day period from January to July 2016, Twitter users who self-identify as having a schizophrenia spectrum disorder (n = 203) and a randomly selected group of general population control users (n = 173) posted 1,544,122 tweets...
August 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833230/efficacy-and-rebound-rates-in-propranolol-treated-subglottic-hemangioma-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Tyler Schwartz, John Faria, Sachin Pawar, Dawn Siegel, Robert H Chun
OBJECTIVE: Propranolol has recently become the treatment of choice for management of subglottic and airway hemangiomas. This literature review aimed to determine the success rate of propranolol for managing these lesions as well as the rate of rebound growth following propranolol treatment cessation. STUDY DESIGN: Literature search involving MEDLINE and Scopus to identify English-language articles. METHODS: Studies were identified using hemangioma, subglottic or airway, and propranolol for search terms...
November 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828489/safety-and-tolerability-of-maraviroc-containing-regimens-to-prevent-hiv-infection-in-women-a-phase-2-randomized-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Roy M Gulick, Timothy J Wilkin, Ying Q Chen, Raphael J Landovitz, K Rivet Amico, Alicia M Young, Paul Richardson, Mark A Marzinke, Craig W Hendrix, Susan H Eshleman, Ian McGowan, Leslie M Cottle, Adriana Andrade, Cheryl Marcus, Karin L Klingman, Wairimu Chege, Alex R Rinehart, James F Rooney, Philip Andrew, Robert A Salata, Marc Siegel, Yukari C Manabe, Ian Frank, Ken Ho, Jorge Santana, Joanne D Stekler, Shobha Swaminathan, Marybeth McCauley, Sally Hodder, Kenneth H Mayer
Background: Maraviroc (MVC) is a candidate drug for HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Objective: To assess the safety and tolerability of MVC-containing PrEP over 48 weeks in U.S. women at risk for HIV infection. Design: Phase 2 randomized, controlled, double-blinded study of 4 antiretroviral regimens used as PrEP. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01505114). Setting: 12 clinical research sites of the HIV Prevention Trials Network and AIDS Clinical Trials Group...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807477/echocardiographic-features-and-clinical-outcomes-of-flail-mitral-leaflet-without-severe-mitral-regurgitation
#17
Devin W Kehl, Florian Rader, Robert J Siegel
BACKGROUND: Flail mitral leaflet is a common complication of degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) and is generally equated with severe MR. However, a flail mitral leaflet is not always associated with severe MR. The hemodynamic and clinical significance of a flail leaflet in the absence of severe MR has not been characterized. The authors identified cases of flail mitral leaflet associated with only mild or moderate MR and evaluated their echocardiographic features and clinical outcomes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791439/metabolic-crosstalk-between-fatty-pancreas-and-fatty-liver-effects-on-local-inflammation-and-insulin-secretion
#18
Felicia Gerst, Robert Wagner, Gabriele Kaiser, Madhura Panse, Martin Heni, Jürgen Machann, Malte N Bongers, Tina Sartorius, Bence Sipos, Falko Fend, Christian Thiel, Silvio Nadalin, Alfred Königsrainer, Norbert Stefan, Andreas Fritsche, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Susanne Ullrich, Dorothea Siegel-Axel
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Obesity-linked ectopic fat accumulation is associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. Whether pancreatic and liver steatosis impairs insulin secretion is controversial. We examined the crosstalk of human pancreatic fat cells with islets and the role of diabetogenic factors, i.e. palmitate and fetuin-A, a hepatokine released from fatty liver. METHODS: Human pancreatic resections were immunohistochemically stained for insulin, glucagon, somatostatin and the macrophage/monocyte marker CD68...
November 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768598/mismatch-negativity-in-preclinical-models-of-schizophrenia
#19
Robert E Featherstone, Olya Melnychenko, Steven J Siegel
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder associated with profoundly disruptive positive and negative symptomology that result in difficulties building close relationships with others, performing daily tasks and sustaining independent living, resulting in poor social, vocational and occupational attainment (functional outcome). Mismatch Negativity (MMN) is a change in the sensory event-related potential that occurs in response to deviation from an established pattern of stimulation. Patients with schizophrenia show a reduction in MMN that is positively associated with impaired cognition and poor functional outcome...
July 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745146/disorganized-attachment-in-infancy-a-review-of-the-phenomenon-and-its-implications-for-clinicians-and-policy-makers
#20
Pehr Granqvist, L Alan Sroufe, Mary Dozier, Erik Hesse, Miriam Steele, Marinus van Ijzendoorn, Judith Solomon, Carlo Schuengel, Pasco Fearon, Marian Bakermans-Kranenburg, Howard Steele, Jude Cassidy, Elizabeth Carlson, Sheri Madigan, Deborah Jacobvitz, Sarah Foster, Kazuko Behrens, Anne Rifkin-Graboi, Naomi Gribneau, Gottfried Spangler, Mary J Ward, Mary True, Susan Spieker, Sophie Reijman, Samantha Reisz, Anne Tharner, Frances Nkara, Ruth Goldwyn, June Sroufe, David Pederson, Deanne Pederson, Robert Weigand, Daniel Siegel, Nino Dazzi, Kristin Bernard, Peter Fonagy, Everett Waters, Sheree Toth, Dante Cicchetti, Charles H Zeanah, Karlen Lyons-Ruth, Mary Main, Robbie Duschinsky
Disorganized/Disoriented (D) attachment has seen widespread interest from policy makers, practitioners, and clinicians in recent years. However, some of this interest seems to have been based on some false assumptions that (1) attachment measures can be used as definitive assessments of the individual in forensic/child protection settings and that disorganized attachment (2) reliably indicates child maltreatment, (3) is a strong predictor of pathology, and (4) represents a fixed or static "trait" of the child, impervious to development or help...
December 2017: Attachment & Human Development
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