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Birth trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806494/body-piercing-motivations-and-implications-for-health
#1
REVIEW
Cheri Van Hoover, Carol-Ann Rademayer, Cindy L Farley
Body piercing has evolved from a behavior once considered extreme to an accepted choice among the general population. Earlobe piercing is so common that it is now considered a normative behavior. The motivations for choosing body piercing have changed and are associated with piercing site and number of piercings chosen by the individual. Meanings ascribed to body piercing were traditionally related to enhanced sexual desirability and experience, but now range from the innocuous, such as a fashion statement, to the risk laden, such as nonsuicidal self-injury...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802575/military-experience-can-influence-women-s-eating-habits
#2
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Andrea Nevedal, Julie V Dinh, Shira Maguen
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating, ranging from occasional binge eating or restriction to behaviors associated with eating disorder diagnoses, is common among military personnel and veterans. However, there is little information on how military service affects eating habits. OBJECTIVE: To describe possible pathways between military service and disordered eating among women veterans, a high risk group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty women veterans who reported changing eating habits in response to stress participated in audio-recorded focus groups or dyadic interviews between April 2013 and October 2014...
August 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799887/the-trauma-of-birth
#3
Cheryl Ann Anderson
The trauma of birth is an international concern for all childbearing women globally. Since changes in 1994 to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) which included childbirth as a potentially traumatic event, several clusters of researchers, particularly representing the Scandinavian countries, the United Kingdom, and Australia, have emerged. Their research findings appear in numerous publications; yet, what is known from these studies is based on a variety of methodological designs and differing measurement tools making it difficult to draw many firm conclusions (Ayers, 2004 ; Ayers, Joseph, Mc-Kenzie-McHarg, Slade, & Wijma, 2008 )...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799276/mode-of-delivery-for-singleton-extreme-preterm-breech-fetuses-a-10%C3%A2-year-retrospective-review-from-a-single-tertiary-obstetric-centre
#4
Frances Hills, Mandy Way, Renuka Sekar
BACKGROUND: Preterm breech delivery is associated with a higher perinatal mortality rate compared with preterm vertex delivery, and some studies suggest caesarean section leads to lower mortality rates. Few studies include infants delivered less than 26 weeks gestation, and where included, results are often not stratified by gestational age. There is also a lack of consistent reporting on neonatal and maternal morbidity outcome measures. AIMS: To determine if mode of delivery for singleton extreme preterm breech fetuses is associated with a difference in perinatal mortality, neonatal and maternal morbidity...
August 11, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778037/comparison-of-midwife-led-care-and-obstetrician-led-care-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-singapore-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Shi Tian Voon, Julie Tay Suan Lay, Wilson Tam Wai San, Shefaly Shorey, Serena Koh Siew Lin
OBJECTIVES: to examine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of low-risk women receiving midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care. DESIGN, SETTING,&PARTICIPANTS: a retrospective cohort study design was used. Data were collected from a large tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore. This involved a medical record review of 368 women who had singleton, normal to low-risk, term pregnancy, and received midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care between 2013 to 2014. MEASUREMENTS: a data extraction tool was used to solicit information on the outcome measures, including duration of labour, mode of delivery, episiotomy, and 5-minutes Apgar score (<7)...
July 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776641/the-great-divide-country-of-birth-as-a-risk-factor-for-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries
#6
James Brown, Supuni Kapurubandara, Emma Gibbs, Jennifer King
BACKGROUND: Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) can complicate up to 6% of births and are a major contributor to preventable maternal morbidity. Asian women have a risk of third and fourth degree perineal tears up to four times greater than women of other ethnicities in the same community, but the lack of differentiation of Asian women into regional groups has limited insight into the reasons behind their increased risk. AIMS: To investigate risk of OASIS associated with country of birth...
August 4, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772265/microrna-214-affects-fibroblast-differentiation-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-targeting-mitofusin-2-during-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-sd-rats-with-birth-trauma
#7
Jing Wu, Jiang Li, Wei-Kang Chen, Shang Liu, Jian-He Liu, Jing-Song Zhang, Ke-Wei Fang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study investigated whether microRNA-214 (miR-214) targets mitofusin-2 (Mfn2) in the process of fibroblast differentiation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) during pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with birth trauma. METHODS: The ADMSCs were isolated from 4-6 week male SD rats (n = 20) and were cultured and divided into the blank, miR-214 mimic negative control (NC), miR-214 mimic, miR-214 inhibitor NC, miR-214 inhibitor, empty vector, Mfn2 over-expression and miR-214 + Mfn2 over-expression groups...
August 3, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771289/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-different-risk-profiles-and-settings-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#8
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Andrew J McPhee, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mothers and their infants in the short and long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is uncertainty as to whether or not screening all pregnant women for GDM will improve maternal and infant health and if so, the most appropriate setting for screening. This review updates a Cochrane Review, first published in 2010, and subsequently updated in 2014...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768663/effects-of-multiple-simulated-birth-traumas-on-urethral-continence-function-in-rats
#9
Satoru Yoshikawa, Yasuhiro Sumino, Joonbeom Kwon, Takahisa Suzuki, Takeya Kitta, Minoru Miyazato, Naoki Yoshimura
Multiple vaginal parities have been reported to be an important risk factor for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Simulated birth trauma with single vaginal distention (VD) has been used to induce the SUI condition in animals; however, the effect of multiple simulated birth traumas on the urethral continence function has not been well characterized. Therefore, we examined the effects of multiple VDs on urethral functions in vivo and the changes in gene expressions of several molecules in the urethra using female SD rats, which were divided into 3 groups; sham, VD-1 (single VD), and VD-3 groups (3 times of VDs every 2 weeks)...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761263/a-case-of-membranous-aplasia-cutis-congenita-and-dermoscopic-features
#10
Belén Lozano-Masdemont
Membranous, bullous, or cystic aplasia cutis congenita is a clinical subtype of aplasia cutis, covered with a membranous or glistening surface. A male newborn presented at birth with two flat lesions on the left parietal scalp, surrounded by a rim of terminal hairs. Physical examination revealed two translucent papules. On dermoscopy, they showed a reddish background, thin, lineal vessels and, remarkably few hair bulbs could be seen because of the translucency of the lesion. No skull bone and brain defects were found...
January 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755869/maternal-exposure-to-childhood-maltreatment-and-risk-of-stillbirth
#11
Alexa A Freedman, Alison L Cammack, Jeff R Temple, Robert M Silver, Donald J Dudley, Barbara J Stoll, Michael W Varner, George R Saade, Deborah Conway, Robert L Goldenberg, Carol J Hogue
PURPOSE: To determine the association between maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) and risk of stillbirth (fetal death at or after 20 weeks' gestation). METHODS: Population-based case-control study from the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network (SCRN) conducted in 2006-2008, and the follow-up study, SCRN-Outcomes after Study Index Stillbirth (SCRN-OASIS), conducted in 2009 in the United States. Cases (n = 133) included women who experienced a stillbirth, excluding stillbirths attributed to genetic/structural or umbilical cord abnormalities and intrapartum stillbirths...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731565/a-narrative-synthesis-of-women-s-out-of-body-experiences-during-childbirth
#12
Lynda Bateman, Catriona Jones, Julie Jomeen
INTRODUCTION: Some women have a dissociated, out-of-body experience (OBE) during childbirth, which may be described as seeing the body from above or floating above the body. This review examines this phenomenon using narratives from women who have experienced intrapartum OBEs. METHODS: A narrative synthesis of qualitative research was employed to systematically synthesize OBE narratives from existing studies. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706620/adams-oliver-syndrome-with-unusual-central-nervous-system-findings-and-an-extrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt
#13
Carlos Pérez-García, Yolanda Ruíz Martín, Alejandra Aguado Del Hoyo, Carlos Marín Rodríguez, Minia Campos Domínguez
We report a case of a premature neonate girl with scalp and skull defects and brachydactyly of the feet consistent with an Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS). The patient had central nervous system abnormalities, such as periventricular calcifications, hypoplastic corpus callosum, and bilateral hemispheric corticosubcortical hemorrhagic lesions. A muscular ventricular septal defect and a portosystemic shunt were diagnosed. To our knowledge, this is the first report of congenital supratentorial grey-white matter junction lesions without dural sinus thrombosis in association with AOS...
June 26, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705534/neuraxial-labor-analgesia-is-not-an-independent-predictor-of-perineal-lacerations-after-vaginal-delivery-of-patients-with-intrauterine-fetal-demise
#14
Ji H Lee, Feyce M Peralta, Anna Palatnik, Christina Lewicky Gaupp, Robert J McCarthy
INTRODUCTION: The role of neuraxial labor analgesia in perineal trauma following live births is controversial, and no studies have assessed the association in women delivering an intrauterine fetal demise. We evaluated the relationship between neuraxial labor analgesia and perineal laceration in these patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study of women with a diagnosis of fetal death after 20weeks of gestation, a vaginal delivery, and an Apgar score of 0 at delivery, during the period from January 2007 through December 2015...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692173/perinatal-and-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-among-term-singletons-following-midcavity-operative-vaginal-delivery-versus-caesarean-delivery
#15
Giulia M Muraca, Amanda Skoll, Sarka Lisonkova, Yasser Sabr, Rollin Brant, Geoffrey W Cundiff, K S Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To quantify severe perinatal and maternal morbidity/mortality associated with midcavity operative vaginal delivery compared with caesarean delivery. DESIGN: Population-based, retrospective cohort study. SETTING: British Columbia, Canada. POPULATION: Term, singleton deliveries (2004-2014) by attempted midcavity operative vaginal delivery or caesarean delivery in the second stage of labour, stratified by indication for operative delivery (n=10,901 deliveries; 5,057 indicated for dystocia, 5,844 for fetal distress)...
July 10, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681174/risk-factors-for-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasi-at-a-tertiary-centre-in-south-india
#16
Sirisha Rao Gundabattula, Kameswari Surampudi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Despite several studies that have reported risk factors for obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASI), data from the Indian subcontinent are scarce. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for these sphincter injuries in an Indian population. METHODS: This was a case-control study within a retrospective cohort of vaginal deliveries at a tertiary care facility. All vaginal births beyond 24 completed weeks of gestation and birth weight ≥500 g from January 2008 to December 2012 were identified from the hospital electronic database...
July 5, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680507/bndf-methylation-in-mothers-and-newborns-is-associated-with-maternal-exposure-to-war-trauma
#17
Darlene A Kertes, Samarth S Bhatt, Hayley S Kamin, David A Hughes, Nicole C Rodney, Connie J Mulligan
BACKGROUND: The BDNF gene codes for brain-derived neurotrophic factor, a growth factor involved in neural development, cell differentiation, and synaptic plasticity. Present in both the brain and periphery, BDNF plays critical roles throughout the body and is essential for placental and fetal development. Rodent studies show that early life stress, including prenatal stress, broadly alters BDNF methylation, with presumed changes in gene expression. No studies have assessed prenatal exposure to maternal traumatic stress and BDNF methylation in humans...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678200/-look-at-the-whole-me-a-mixed-methods-examination-of-black-infant-mortality-in-the-us-through-women-s-lived-experiences-and-community-context
#18
Maeve E Wallace, Carmen Green, Lisa Richardson, Katherine Theall, Joia Crear-Perry
In the US, the non-Hispanic Black infant mortality rate exceeds the rate among non-Hispanic Whites by more than two-fold. To explore factors underlying this persistent disparity, we employed a mixed methods approach with concurrent quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis. Eighteen women participated in interviews about their experience of infant loss. Several common themes emerged across interviews, grouped by domain: individual experiences (trauma, grieving and counseling; criminalization); negative interactions with healthcare providers and the healthcare system; and broader contextual factors...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676245/epidemiology-clinical-presentation-and-prognosis-of-posterior-circulation-ischemic-stroke-in-children
#19
Samantha Carey, Jens Wrogemann, Frances A Booth, Mubeen F Rafay
BACKGROUND: Anterior and posterior circulation strokes are often different in terms of presentation and recurrence risk, but there are few studies that focused on posterior circulation stroke. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal retrospective study of children, birth to 18 years, with posterior circulation ischemic stroke at the Children's Hospital Winnipeg from January 1992 to December 2012. Clinical and radiological features and outcomes were collected using standardized tools...
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666701/the-perfect-storm-of-trauma-the-experiences-of-women-who-have-experienced-birth-trauma-and-subsequently-accessed-residential-parenting-services-in-australia
#20
Holly S Priddis, Hazel Keedle, Hannah Dahlen
BACKGROUND: There appears to be a chasm between idealised motherhood and reality, and for women who experience birth trauma this can be more extreme and impact on mental health. Australia is unique in providing residential parenting services to support women with parenting needs such as sleep or feeding difficulties. Women who attend residential parenting services have experienced higher rates of intervention in birth and poor perinatal mental health but it is unknown how birth trauma may impact on early parenting...
June 27, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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