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Birth trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646127/induction-of-labour-at-37-weeks-for-suspected-fetal-macrosomia-may-reduce-birth-trauma
#1
Kate Walker, Jim Thornton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641304/hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-review-of-recent-literature
#2
Viktoriya London, Stephanie Grube, David M Sherer, Ovadia Abulafia
BACKGROUND: In the United States, hyperemesis gravidarum is the most common cause of hospitalization during the first half of pregnancy and is second only to preterm labor for hospitalizations in pregnancy overall. In approximately 0.3-3% of pregnancies, hyperemesis gravidarum is prevalent and this percentage varies on account of different diagnostic criteria and ethnic variation in study populations. Despite extensive research in this field, the mechanism of the disease is largely unknown...
June 23, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637428/quality-of-care-provided-in-two-scottish-rural-community-maternity-units-a-retrospective-case-review
#4
Sara Denham, Tracy Humphrey, Ruth Taylor
BACKGROUND: Women in Scotland with uncomplicated pregnancies are encouraged by professional bodies and national guidelines to access community based models of midwife-led care for their labour and birth. The evidence base for these guidelines relates to comparisons of predominantly urban birth settings in England. There appears to be little evidence available about the quality of the care during the antenatal, birth and post birth periods available for women within the Scottish Community Maternity Unit (CMU) model...
June 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616828/perinatal-and-maternal-outcomes-at-term-in-low-risk-pregnancies-according-to-nice-criteria-comparison-between-a-tertiary-obstetrical-hospital-and-midwife-attended-units
#5
Tanja Ignatov, Holm Eggemann, Serban Dan Costa, Atanas Ignatov
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perinatal and maternal outcomes at term at a single tertiary, university hospital in women with low-risk pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with low-risk pregnancies, who delivered at University Women's Hospital Magdeburg between January 2010 and December 2014. Data were compared with data published by Brocklehurst et al. 2011. RESULTS: Of the 6052 women investigated, 2014 were classified as low risk according to the NICE criteria and were eligible for analysis...
June 14, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608597/perineal-techniques-during-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-reducing-perineal-trauma
#6
REVIEW
Vigdis Aasheim, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Liv Merete Reinar, Mirjam Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Most vaginal births are associated with trauma to the genital tract. The morbidity associated with perineal trauma can be significant, especially when it comes to third- and fourth-degree tears. Different interventions including perineal massage, warm or cold compresses, and perineal management techniques have been used to prevent trauma. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of perineal techniques during the second stage of labour on the incidence and morbidity associated with perineal trauma...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606903/estimating-the-incidence-and-the-economic-burden-of-third-and-fourth-degree-obstetric-tears-in-the-english-nhs-an-observational-study-using-propensity-score-matching
#7
Martina Orlovic, Alexander William Carter, Joachim Marti, Elias Mossialos
OBJECTIVE: Obstetric care is a high-risk area in healthcare delivery, so it is essential to have up-to-date quantitative evidence in this area to inform policy decisions regarding these services. In light of this, the objective of this study is to investigate the incidence and economic burden of third and fourth-degree lacerations in the English National Health Service (NHS) using recent national data. METHODS: We used coded inpatient data from Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) for the financial years from 2010/2011 to 2013/2014 for all females that gave birth during that period in the English NHS...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605024/a-unique-type-of-birth-trauma-mistaken-for-abuse
#8
Carolyn V Isaac, Jered B Cornelison, Rudolph J Castellani, Joyce L deJong
Pediatric abusive head trauma is a challenging subject across many disciplines. Of particular importance is the identification of mimics of abuse, so cause and manner of death can be properly assigned. We present the case of suspected child abuse involving an infant who presented unresponsive to the hospital with hypoglycemia, hypothermia, and bilateral parietal fractures. An autopsy revealed fractures associated with organizing scalp hemorrhage and gross leptomeningeal congestion and hemorrhage. The fractures were circular with external displacement, rounded margins, and subperiosteal new bone formation indicative of healing...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584040/perinatal-and-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-after-attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-at-midpelvic-station
#9
Giulia M Muraca, Yasser Sabr, Sarka Lisonkova, Amanda Skoll, Rollin Brant, Geoffrey W Cundiff, K S Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increased use of operative vaginal delivery (i.e., forceps or vacuum application), of which 20% occurs at midpelvic station, has been advocated to reduce the rate of cesarean delivery. We aimed to quantify severe perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality associated with attempted midpelvic operative vaginal delivery. METHODS: We studied all term singleton deliveries in Canada between 2003 and 2013, by attempted midpelvic operative vaginal or cesarean delivery with labour (with and without prolonged second stage)...
June 5, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578168/neonatal-outcomes-in-fetuses-with-cardiac-anomalies-and-the-impact-of-delivery-route
#10
Laura I Parikh, Katherine L Grantz, Sara N Iqbal, Chun-Chih Huang, Helain J Landy, Melissa H Fries, Uma M Reddy
BACKGROUND: Congenital fetal cardiac anomalies compromise the most common group of fetal structural anomalies. Several previous reports analyzed all types of fetal cardiac anomalies together without individualized neonatal morbidity outcomes based on cardiac defect. Mode of delivery in cases of fetal cardiac anomalies varies greatly as optimal mode of delivery in these complex cases is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine rates of neonatal outcomes for fetal cardiac anomalies and examine the role of attempted route of delivery on neonatal morbidity...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577262/altered-eeg-spectral-power-during-rest-and-cognitive-performance-a-comparison-of-preterm-born-adolescents-to-adolescents-with-adhd
#11
Anna-Sophie Rommel, Sarah-Naomi James, Gráinne McLoughlin, Daniel Brandeis, Tobias Banaschewski, Philip Asherson, Jonna Kuntsi
Preterm birth has been associated with an increased risk for ADHD-like behavioural symptoms and cognitive impairments. However, direct comparisons across ADHD and preterm-born samples on neurophysiological measures are limited. The aim of this analysis was to test whether quantitative EEG (QEEG) measures identify differences or similarities in preterm-born adolescents, compared to term-born adolescents with and without ADHD, during resting-state and cognitive task conditions. We directly compared QEEG activity between 186 preterm-born adolescents, 69 term-born adolescents with ADHD and 135 term-born control adolescents during an eyes-open resting-state condition (EO), which previously discriminated between the adolescents with ADHD and controls, and during a cued continuous performance task (CPT-OX)...
June 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574579/the-effect-of-a-maternal-history-of-childhood-abuse-on-adrenocortical-attunement-in-mothers-and-their-toddlers
#12
Anna Fuchs, Eva Moehler, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
We investigated circadian mother-child adrenocortical attunement in the context of a maternal history of childhood abuse (HoA). Mothers were screened after birth using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Women reporting moderate or severe abuse formed the HoA group (n = 37; HoAG) and were compared with a non-maltreated comparison group (n = 45; CG). Three years later, cortisol awakening response (CAR) and diurnal slope (DSL) were assessed. Mother-child interaction was coded using the Emotional Availability Scales at 12 months of age...
June 2, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571270/incidence-of-natal-teeth-in-newborns-in-government-medical-college-and-hospital-chengalpattu-a-pilot-study
#13
Vidya Albert Yen, Niraimathy Kuppuswami
INTRODUCTION: Natal teeth are teeth which are seen at birth and neonatal teeth erupt during the first thirty days after birth. Exact cause is however unknown but trauma, malnutrition, infection or environmental factor can be the causitive factor. Different studies have shown different incident rates. AIM: To find the incidence of natal teeth in neonates born in the hospital over a period of seven months and also to find out the most commonly occurring natal teeth among them...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559097/von-willebrand-disease-type-2-in-pregnancy-a-critical-clinical-association
#14
REVIEW
Anca A Simionescu, Natalia F Buinoiu, Nicoleta Berbec
Von Willebrand disease (vWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder. Its association with pregnancy is infrequent. Here we report three cases of vWD associated with pregnancy. The clinical features of this combination are very suggestive. However, difficulties are still encountered during the diagnosis process. The first case was diagnosed for the first time during the patient's second pregnancy despite several episodes of vaginal bleeding and suggestive clinical symptomatology. The second case was diagnosed during childhood and the patient was properly managed during this pregnancy...
May 18, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553772/prenatal-ultrasound-parameters-in-single-suture-craniosynostosis
#15
Martijn J Cornelissen, Inge Apon, Jacques J N M van der Meulen, Irene A L Groenenberg, Mieke N Kraan-van der Est, Irene M J Mathijssen, Gouke J Bonsel, Titia E Cohen-Overbeek
INTRODUCTION: Although single-suture craniosynostosis is diagnosed sporadically during pregnancy, timely referral is critical for its treatment. Additionally, craniosynostosis leads to increased maternofetal trauma during birth. In the Netherlands, 95% of pregnant women receive a standard ultrasound at around 20 weeks of gestation, potentially an ideal setting for detecting craniosynostosis prenatally. To enhance the prenatal detection of the metopic and the sagittal suture synostosis, we wished to identify new screening parameters...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551446/intimate-partner-violence-and-pregnancy-epidemiology-and-impact
#16
Christian A Chisholm, Linda Bullock, James E Jef Ferguson
Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem in our society, affecting women disproportionately. Intimate partner violence takes many forms, including physical violence, sexual violence, stalking, and psychological aggression. While the scope of intimate partner violence is not fully documented, nearly 40% of women in the United States are victims of sexual violence in their lifetimes and 20% are victims of physical intimate partner violence. Other forms of intimate partner violence are likely particularly underreported...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551179/management-practices-for-male-calves-on-canadian-dairy-farms
#17
D L Renaud, T F Duffield, S J LeBlanc, D B Haley, D F Kelton
Morbidity, mortality, and antimicrobial use and resistance are major concerns in the rearing of male dairy calves, so information to support disease prevention is important. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe management practices associated with the care of male calves during their first days of life on Canadian dairy farms. A survey was completed by dairy producers across Canada between March 1 and April 30, 2015. The survey included 192 questions covering producer background, farm characteristics, biosecurity practices, disease prevalence, calf health, animal welfare, lameness, milking hygiene, reproduction, and Internet and social media use...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550953/perinatal-risk-and-protective-factors-for-pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#18
Patrick Kelly, John M D Thompson, Jean Koh, Shanthi Ameratunga, Timothy Jelleyman, Teuila M Percival, Hinemoa Elder, Edwin A Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To estimate associations between factors recorded in pregnancy and the first week of life and subsequent abusive head trauma. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective case-control study of perinatal records from 142 cases of abusive head trauma and 550 controls, matched by date and hospital of birth from 1991 to 2010. Multiple logistic regression assessed the relationship between perinatal exposures and abusive head trauma. RESULTS: The risk of abusive head trauma decreased with increasing maternal age (OR, 0...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545266/-analysis-of-misssed-diagnosis-and-misdiagnosis-of-1-212-cases-with-placental-abruption
#19
D Xu, C Liang, J W Xu, J He
Objective: To investigate the risk factors and clinical manifestations of placental abruption, and to analyze the causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 135 584 women who delivered in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2005 to December 2015. The diagnosis of placental abruption was made in 1 212 cases. According to the consistency of prenatal and postnatal diagnosis, they were divided into 3 groups. (1) The diagnosis was consistent prenatally and postnatally in 715 cases(58...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537494/survival-from-traumatic-injury-does-not-end-at-hospital-discharge-hospital-acquired-infections-increase-post-discharge-mortality
#20
Nitasha Dhiman, Ram C Rimal, Mark Hamill, Katie M Love, Daniel Lollar, Bryan Collier
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections (HAI) in trauma patients increase inpatient morbidity and mortality. However, their impact on long-term mortality is not well understood. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective trauma registry analysis of all patients admitted to an academic level I trauma center between July 1, 2008 and December 31, 2012 was performed. Patients included survived to discharge and were 18 years of age or older. Age, gender, Injury Severity Score (ISS), ventilator use, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and HAI were reviewed...
May 24, 2017: Surgical Infections
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