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Birth trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914355/nasal-injury-and-comfort-with-jet-versus-bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-delivery-systems-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress
#2
Jafar Khan, Venkataseshan Sundaram, Srinivas Murki, Anuj Bhatti, Shiv Sajan Saini, Praveen Kumar
Nasal injuries with use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) range from blanching of nasal tip to septal necrosis and septal drop. This analysis was done in preterm neonates of < 34-week gestation, who received nasal CPAP as primary support as part of a randomized trial comparing Jet device with Bubble device for delivery of CPAP, both through nasal prongs of different structure, make and fixation methods. Nasal injury was assessed using a validated nasal injury score. Out of 170 neonates enrolled, 103 (61%) had nasal injuries; moderate and severe injuries were observed in 18 (11%) and 8 (5%) infants, respectively...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904675/von-willebrand-s-disease-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Hanae Echahdi, Brahim El Hasbaoui, Mohamed El Khorassani, Aomar Agadr, Mohamed Khattab
Von Willebrand Disease (VWD) is the most common human inherited bleeding disorder due to a defect of Von Willebrand Factor (VWF), which a glycoprotein crucial for platelet adhesion to the subendothelium after vascular injury. VWD include quantitative defects of VWF, either partial (type 1 with VWF levels < 50 IU/dL) or virtually total (type 3 with undetectable VWF levels) and also qualitative defects of VWF (type 2 variants with discrepant antigenic and functional VWF levels). The most bleeding forms of VWD usually do not concern type 1 patients with the mildest VWF defects (VWF levels between 30 and 50IU/dL)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898615/breech-presentation-vaginal-versus-cesarean-delivery-which-intervention-leads-to-the-best-outcomes
#4
Andreia Fonseca, Rita Silva, Inês Rato, Ana Raquel Neves, Carla Peixoto, Zita Ferraz, Inês Ramalho, Ana Carocha, Nisa Félix, Sandra Valdoleiros, Ana Galvão, Daniela Gonçalves, Joana Curado, Maria João Palma, Isabel Lobo Antunes, Nuno Clode, Luís Mendes Graça
INTRODUCTION: The best route of delivery for the term breech fetus is still controversial. We aim to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes between vaginal and cesarean term breech deliveries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multicentric retrospective cohort study of singleton term breech fetuses delivered vaginally or by elective cesarean section from January 2012 - October 2014. Primary outcomes were maternal and neonatal morbidity or mortality. RESULTS: Sixty five breech fetuses delivered vaginally were compared to 1262 delivered by elective cesarean...
June 30, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885952/military-sexual-trauma-in-female-veterans-is-associated-with-chronic-pain-conditions
#5
Sara B Cichowski, Rebecca G Rogers, Elizabeth A Clark, Erin Murata, Allison Murata, Glen Murata
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of MST on chronic pain conditions among female Veterans. The primary objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of chronic pain conditions among U.S. female veterans with a history of military sexual trauma (MST) to those without a history of MST. We anticipated that female Veterans with a history of MST would have higher associations with chronic pain conditions than the female Veterans without a history of MST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a large-scale, retrospective study using the Veterans' Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse with institutional approval (15-H175)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878836/newborn-skin-common-skin-problems
#6
Zekayi Kutlubay, Ali Tanakol, Burhan Engýn, Cristina Onel, Ersin Sýmsek, Server Serdaroglu, Yalçýn Tuzun, Erkan Yilmaz, Bülent Eren
The newborn skin can be separated from adult's skin in several ways. In dermatologic examination it can be easily observed that it is thinner, less hairy and has less sweat and sebaceous gland secretions. These differentiations present especially in preterm newborns. Their skin is exposed to mechanical trauma, bacteria and weather, heat alterations. At birth, newborn skin is protected by the coverage of vernix caseosa, which has lubricating and antibacterial features and its pH ranges from 6.7 to 7.4. Beneath the vernix caseosa the skin has a pH of 5...
January 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872565/sinus-pericranii-in-achondroplasia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Abbey A Scott, Katelyn D Hodge, Wilfredo Torres-Martinez, Stephen R Dlouhy, Jodi L Smith, David D Weaver
In the field of dysmorphology, achondroplasia is a well-known disorder. Sinus pericranii (SP), however, is not. The latter condition is a rare vascular malformation characterized by abnormal connections between the intracranial and the extracranial venous drainage pathways. The etiology of SP remains unclear, and yet, these defects can be present at birth, develop spontaneously later, or evolve following head trauma. Here, we report on a 2-year-old male with achondroplasia, SP, and craniocervical junction stenosis...
October 2017: Clinical Dysmorphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871836/vocal-fold-immobility-due-to-birth-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#8
Jad Jabbour, Lauren M North, David Bougie, Thomas Robey
Objectives To describe the present understanding of birth trauma-related vocal fold immobility and quantitatively compare it with idiopathic congenital vocal fold immobility to explore whether it is a discrete entity. Data Sources PubMed, Ovid, and Cochrane databases. Review Methods English-language, observational, or experimental studies involving infants with idiopathic congenital or birth trauma-related vocal fold immobility were included. Data from these studies were pooled with our institution's vocal fold immobility database, with the resultant idiopathic congenital and birth trauma cohorts compared regarding patterns and outcomes of immobility...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871450/cup-detachment-during-vacuum-assisted-vaginal-delivery-and-birth-outcome
#9
Eyal Krispin, Amir Aviram, Lina Salman, Rony Chen, Arnon Wiznitzer, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perinatal outcome associated with cup detachment during vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery (VAVD). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all women attempting VAVD in a tertiary hospital (2012-2014). Singleton-term pregnancies were included. Antepartum fetal death and major fetal structural or chromosomal abnormalities were excluded. Primary outcome was neonatal birth trauma (subgaleal hematoma, subarachnoid hematoma, subdural hematoma, skull fracture, and/or erb's palsy)...
September 4, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869671/concussion-in-adolescence-and-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Scott Montgomery, Ayako Hiyoshi, Sarah Burkill, Lars Alfredsson, Shahram Bahmanyar, Tomas Olsson
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether concussion in childhood or adolescence is associated with subsequent multiple sclerosis risk. Previous research suggests an association but methodological limitations included retrospective data collection and small study populations. METHODS: The national Swedish Patient (hospital diagnoses) and Multiple Sclerosis registers were used to identify all MS diagnoses up to 2012 among people born from 1964, when the Patient Register was established...
September 4, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868781/long-term-outcomes-for-large-for-gestational-age-infants-born-at-term
#11
Amina Z Khambalia, Charles S Algert, Jennifer R Bowen, Rebecca J Collie, Christine L Roberts
AIM: Large for gestational age (LGA) babies have increased risks for short-term outcomes such as shoulder dystocia, neonatal hypoglycaemia and longer hospital stay. Little is known of long-term health, development and educational outcomes of LGA babies. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term health, mortality, development and educational outcomes for infants born LGA at term. METHODS: A population-based record linkage study of live singletons born at term (37-41 weeks of gestation) in New South Wales, Australia, from 2001 to 2006...
September 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867641/a-comparison-of-the-management-of-blunt-splenic-injury-in-children-and-young-people-a-new-south-wales-population-based-retrospective-study
#12
Susan E Adams, Andrew Holland, Julie Brown
The importance and safety of non-operative management (NOM) of Blunt Splenic Injury (BSI) has been established in children and adults over recent decades. However, studies have shown higher operation rates in adults. There is international evidence that when children are managed in adult centres, operation rates are higher while adolescents in paediatric centres, are operated on in line with paediatric guidelines. This difference between children and young adults, and the factors responsible, have not been examined in New South Wales (NSW)...
August 14, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866624/severe-acquired-subglottic-stenosis-in-neonatal-intensive-care-graduates-a-case-control-study
#13
Rebecca E Thomas, Shripada C Rao, Corrado Minutillo, Shyan Vijayasekaran, Elizabeth A Nathan
OBJECTIVE: To analyse current incidence and risk factors associated with severe acquired subglottic stenosis (SASGS) requiring surgical intervention in neonates. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Sole tertiary children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent surgical intervention for SASGS from January 2006 to December 2014. For each neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) graduate with acquired SASGS, two controls were selected (matched for gestation and year of birth)...
September 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854716/livebirth-and-utero-placental-insufficiency-in-papio-hamadryas-baboons-with-uterus-angiosome-perfused-by-bilateral-utero-ovarian-microsurgical-anastomoses-alone
#14
B Beran, K Arnolds, M Shockley, K Rivas, M Medina, P F Escobar, A Tzakis, T Falcone, M L Sprague, S Zimberg
STUDY QUESTION: Can the baboon uterus support a gestation to livebirth with an angiosome using microsurgically anastomosed utero-ovarian vessels and lacking uterine arteries and veins? SUMMARY ANSWER: Our angiosome model allows healthy livebirth albeit with risk of fetal growth restriction and stillbirth. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Uterine transplant can provide livebirth in humans, but requires a living donor to undergo a prolonged laparotomy for hysterectomy...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851782/evaluating-maternity-units-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-freestanding-midwife-led-primary-maternity-units-in-new-zealand-clinical-outcomes
#15
Celia P Grigg, Sally K Tracy, Mark Tracy, Rea Daellenbach, Mary Kensington, Amy Monk, Virginia Schmied
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal birth outcomes and morbidities associated with the intention to give birth in a freestanding primary level midwife-led maternity unit (PMU) or tertiary level obstetric-led maternity hospital (TMH) in Canterbury, Aotearoa/New Zealand. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 407 women who intended to give birth in a PMU and 285 women who intended to give birth at the TMH in 2010-2011. All of the women planning a TMH birth were 'low risk', and 29 of the PMU cohort had identified risk factors...
August 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846795/neonatal-nasal-septal-deviation-two-cases-of-successful-early-surgical-intervention
#16
Claire M Lawlor, Maria Grant, Joshua Levy, Ashwin Ananth, J Lindhe Guarisco
Neonatal nasal septal deviations can occur as a result of trauma in utero or during birth. They are associated with significant clinical implications, including respiratory distress and failure to thrive. The incidence and classification of these deformities are varied in the otolaryngology literature. Some authors advocate conservative observation, but no consensus on management has been reached. We present 2 cases of neonatal septal deviation that occurred during difficult deliveries. We repaired the defects with closed reduction in the operating room within the first 2 weeks of life to good effect...
August 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842114/intergenerational-effect-of-maternal-exposure-to-childhood-maltreatment-on-newborn-brain-anatomy
#17
Nora K Moog, Sonja Entringer, Jerod M Rasmussen, Martin Styner, John H Gilmore, Norbert Kathmann, Christine M Heim, Pathik D Wadhwa, Claudia Buss
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment (CM) confers deleterious long-term consequences, and growing evidence suggests some of these effects may be transmitted across generations. We examined the intergenerational effect of maternal CM exposure on child brain structure and also addressed the hypothesis that this effect may start during the child's intrauterine period of life. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in a clinical convenience sample of 80 mother-child dyads...
July 21, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832100/consensus-on-use-of-insulins-in-gestational-diabetes
#18
Kalyan Kumar Gangopadhyay, J J Mukherjee, R K Sahay
INTRODUCTION: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is associated with maternal (caesarean delivery, hypoglycaemia, hyperbilirubinaemia, shoulder dystocia, pre-term delivery and birth trauma) and fetal (Hyperbilirubinaemia in offspring, Neonatal hypoglycaemia, Macrosomia) complications. Despite, insulin being the standard treatment for GDM cases, there is no existing comprehensive consensus update on use of insulin in Indian patients with GDM. OBJECTIVE: To provide simple and easily implementable guidelines to healthcare physicians on use of insulin in GDM...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828129/salter-harris-i-fracture-of-the-distal-humerus-in-a-neonate-imaging-appearance-of-radiographs-ultrasound-and-arthrography
#19
Nicholas M Beckmann, Lindsay Crawford
Neonatal Salter-Harris I fractures of the distal humerus are a rare injury. This injury can be easily mistaken for a posterior elbow dislocation, creating a delay in diagnosis. We present a case of a neonate with a distal humerus Salter-Harris I fracture secondary to trauma during delivery. The patient presented with pseudoparesis of the left arm following birth. Posterior displacement of the elbow was identified on radiographs. Ultrasound of the elbow was performed after a gentle closed reduction of the left elbow was unsuccessful...
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813712/management-of-the-perineum-during-delivery-with-the-kiwi-omnicup-effects-of-mediolateral-episiotomy-on-anal-sphincter-tears-in-nulliparous-women
#20
Barbara Bodner-Adler, Oliver Kimberger, Andreas Käfer, Peter Husslein, Klaus Bodner
AIM: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the association of mediolateral episiotomy with severe perineal trauma during Kiwi omnicup vacuum delivery. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed all Kiwi omnicup vacuum deliveries between 2010 and 2015 in nulliparous women. Secondary outcomes of interest included frequency of genital tract trauma, outcome of Kiwi extraction and influence on neonatal parameters. RESULTS: A total of 572 nulliparous women who were delivered with the aid of vacuum were analyzed...
August 17, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
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