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Birth trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071870/accessing-new-understandings-of-trauma-informed-care-with-queer-birthing-women-in-a-rural-context
#1
Jennifer Searle, Lisa Goldberg, Megan Aston, Sylvia Burrow
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Participant narratives from a feminist and queer phenomenological study aim to broaden current understandings of trauma. Examining structural marginalization within perinatal care relationships provides insights into the impact of dominant models of care on queer birthing women. More specifically, validation of queer experience as a key finding from the study offers trauma-informed strategies that reconstruct formerly disempowering perinatal relationships. BACKGROUND: Heteronormativity governs birthing spaces and presents considerable challenges for queer birthing women who may also have an increased risk of trauma due to structurally marginalizing processes that create and maintain socially constructed differences...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068945/why-women-bleed-and-how-they-are-saved-a-cross-sectional-study-of-caesarean-section-near-miss-morbidity
#2
S Maswime, E J Buchmann
BACKGROUND: Maternal deaths from 'bleeding during and after caesarean section' (BDACS) have increased in South Africa, and have now become the largest sub-cause of deaths from obstetric haemorrhage. The aim of this study was to describe risk factors and causes of near-miss related to BDACS and interventions used to arrest haemorrhage and treat its effects. METHODS: Cross-sectional prospective study in 13 urban public hospitals in South Africa, from July to December 2014...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068932/women-s-descriptions-of-childbirth-trauma-relating-to-care-provider-actions-and-interactions
#3
Rachel Reed, Rachael Sharman, Christian Inglis
BACKGROUND: Many women experience psychological trauma during birth. A traumatic birth can impact on postnatal mental health and family relationships. It is important to understand how interpersonal factors influence women's experience of trauma in order to inform the development of care that promotes optimal psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: As part of a large mixed methods study, 748 women completed an online survey and answered the question 'describe the birth trauma experience, and what you found traumatising'...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046205/dietary-advice-interventions-in-pregnancy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#4
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. With an increasing prevalence worldwide, there is a need to assess strategies, including dietary advice interventions, that might prevent GDM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of dietary advice interventions for preventing GDM and associated adverse health outcomes for women and their babies...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040134/site-and-incidence-of-birth-canal-lacerations-from-instrumental-delivery-with-mediolateral-episiotomy
#5
Kenro Chikazawa, Junko Ushijima, Kenjiro Takagi, Eishin Nakamura, Koki Samejima, Kanako Kadowaki, Isao Horiuchi
OBJECTIVE: Instrument-assisted vaginal delivery is a significant risk factor for birth canal lacerations. Although many obstetricians recently are recommending restrictive rather than a routine episiotomy, reports have shown restrictive episiotomy to be associated with more extensive anterior birth canal trauma compared with routine episiotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 110 cases of forceps and vacuum deliveries and investigated the site of birth canal lacerations...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032212/childhood-sexual-abuse-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-childbirth-a-path-analysis
#6
Aline Gaudard E Silva de Oliveira, Michael Eduardo Reichenheim, Claudia Leite Moraes, Louise Michele Howard, Gustavo Lobato
The aim of the study was to explore the pathways by which childhood sexual abuse (CSA), psychological and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, and other covariates relate to each other and to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in the postpartum period. The sample comprised 456 women who gave birth at a maternity service for high-risk pregnancies in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, interviewed at 6-8 weeks after birth. A path analysis was carried out to explore the postulated pathways between exposures and outcome...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027700/management-of-persistent-occiput-posterior-position-a-substantial-role-of-instrumental-rotation-in-the-setting-of-failed-manual-rotation
#7
Paul Guerby, Mickael Allouche, Caroline Simon-Toulza, Christophe Vayssiere, Olivier Parant, Fabien Vidal
INTRODUCTION: To compare the maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with Instrumental Rotation (IR) to operative vaginal delivery in occiput posterior (OP) position with Thierry's spatulas (TS), in the setting of failed manual rotation (MR). STUDY DESIGN: We led a prospective observational cohort study in a tertiary referral hospital in Toulouse, France. All women presenting in labour with persistent OP position at full cervical dilatation and who delivered vaginally after failed MR and with IR or OP assisted delivery were included from January 2014 to December 2015...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009336/hypocortisolism-and-preterm-birth
#8
S D Karakash, N Tschankoshvili, J Weedon, R M Schwartz, C Kirschbaum, H Minkoff
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether hypocortisolism is associated with preterm birth, using hair cortisol as a marker of long term hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective, matched, case-control study, 29 women who had a preterm birth at 24-36w5d gestation were compared to 29 women who delivered at term, matched for maternal age, gestational age, and ethnicity. Cases' samples were collected within 72 h of preterm birth and controls at the same gestational age as the corresponding case...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990394/great-saphenous-vein-dilatation-with-reflux-at-the-saphenofemoral-junction-a-rare-underlying-association-of-eccrine-angiomatous-hamartoma
#9
Sanjiv Choudhary, Quazi Sabiha, Adarsh Lata Singh
Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma (EAH) is an exceedingly rare benign tumor-like lesion prevalent in childhood, which can produce pain and marked sweating. Histological features include proliferation of eccrine sweat glands and angiomatous capillary channels. It may be rarely associated with underlying pathological conditions. A 15-year-old female patient presented with multiple tender reddish papules and nodules coalescing to form plaques of 10 × 8 cm over the anterior aspect of the right lower thigh since birth...
November 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981624/neonatal-subgaleal-hematoma-from-trauma-during-vaginal-delivery-without-instrument-use
#10
Lucy Y Liu, Richard J Antaya
Neonatal subgaleal hematomas (SGHs) are rare but potentially life-threatening complications of vacuum extraction deliveries. We report a rare case of four enlarging SGHs in an 11-day-old boy born without use of instruments during delivery. It is likely that trauma from the provider's fingers caused these SGHs during a normal vaginal delivery. Ultrasound findings confirmed the diagnosis of SGH, distinct from other birth trauma such as cephalohematoma or caput succedaneum.
January 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960122/a-socioecological-model-of-posttraumatic-stress-among-australian-midwives
#11
Julia Leinweber, Debra K Creedy, Heather Rowe, Jenny Gamble
OBJECTIVE: to develop a comprehensive model of personal, trauma event-related and workplace-related risk factors for posttraumatic stress subsequent to witnessing birth trauma among Australian midwives. DESIGN: a descriptive, cross-sectional design was used. PARTICIPANTS: members of the Australian College of Midwives were invited to complete an online survey. MEASUREMENTS: the survey included items about witnessing a traumatic birth event and previous experiences of life trauma...
December 6, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941188/arthrogryposis-multiplex-congenital-multidisciplinary-care-including-own-experience
#12
Anna Binkiewicz-Glińska, Jolanta Wierzba, Edyta Szurowska, Katarzyna Ruckeman-Dziurdzińska, Stanisław Bakuła, Michał Sokołów, Anna Reńska
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenital (AMC) is a heterogeneous disorder, characterized by nonprogressive multiple intra-articular contractures, which can be recognized at birth. The prevalence in Europe is estimated at about 1 per 12,000. Etiopathogenesis of arthrogryposis is multifactorial. Symptoms of some forms of arthrogryposis can be found in the clinical presentation of selected genetic disorders, e.g. Pena Shokeir syndrome. Arthrogryposis can also result from environmental factors such as medication, trauma or chronic illness during pregnancy, as well as from oligohydramnios or abnormal structure of the uterus...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918165/-sarcoidosis-of-the-female-genital-tract
#13
A Šefčíková, M Turková, M Žurková
OBJECTIVE: To present the findings of sarcoidosis on female genital tract. DESIGN: Review. SETTING: Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Silesian Hospital Opava. METHODS: Overview of published findings from case studies. CONCLUSION: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unclear cause. It typically involves the lymph nodes of mediastinum, predominantly billateral and/or pulmonary infiltrates...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917594/a-novel-two-nucleotide-deletion-in-hps6-affects-mepacrine-uptake-and-platelet-dense-granule-secretion-in-a-family-with-hermansky-pudlak-syndrome
#14
Oliver Andres, Verena Wiegering, Eva-Maria König, Anna Lena Schneider, Daniela Semeniak, Simon Stritt, Eva Klopocki, Harald Schulze
BACKGROUND: Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by oculocutaneous albinism and platelet dysfunction. We report on a novel HPS6 homozygous frameshift variant (c.1919_1920delTC; p.Val640Glyfs*29) in a nonconsanguineous Caucasian family with two affected siblings (index patients) who presented with oculocutaneous albinism at birth and a mild bleeding phenotype during childhood and adolescence. PROCEDURE: Genetic analysis was conducted by panel-based next-generation sequencing (NGS) and Sanger sequencing...
December 4, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903311/comparison-of-neural-histomorphology-in-tail-tips-from-pigs-docked-using-clippers-or-cautery-iron
#15
N J Kells, N J Beausoleil, C B Johnson, M A Sutherland, R S Morrison, W Roe
Tail docking of pigs is commonly performed to reduce the incidence of unwanted tail-biting behaviour. Two docking methods are commonly used: blunt trauma cutting (i.e. using side clippers), or cutting and concurrent cauterisation using a hot cautery iron. A potential consequence of tail amputation is the development of neuromas at the docking site. Neuromas have been linked to neuropathic pain, which can influence the longer-term welfare of affected individuals. To determine whether method of tail docking influences the extent of neuroma formation, 75 pigs were allocated to one of three treatments at birth: tail docked using clippers; tail docked using cautery iron; tail left intact...
December 1, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889259/episiotomy-and-severe-perineal-trauma-among-eastern-african-immigrant-women-giving-birth-in-public-maternity-care-a-population-based-study-in-victoria-australia
#16
Fetene B Belihu, Rhonda Small, Mary-Ann Davey
BACKGROUND: Eastern African immigrants from countries affected by female genital mutilation have resettled in many developed countries, including Australia. Although possibly at risk of perineal trauma and episiotomy, research investigating their perineal status post-migration is sparse. AIM: To investigate variations in episiotomy use and incidence of severe perineal tear for women born in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan compared with Australian-born women...
November 23, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884855/effectiveness-of-trauma-focused-psychological-therapies-compared-to-usual-postnatal-care-for-treating-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-women-following-traumatic-birth-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Marie Furuta, Debbie Spain, Debra Bick, Edmond S W Ng, Jacqueline Sin
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mental health has been largely neglected in the literature. Women, however, may be vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress symptoms or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), following traumatic birth. In turn, this may affect their capacity for child rearing and ability to form a secure bond with their baby and impact on the wider family. Trauma-focused psychological therapies (TFPT) are widely regarded as effective and acceptable interventions for PTSD in general and clinical populations...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873484/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-gestational-weight-gain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#18
REVIEW
Meredith Vanstone, Sujane Kandasamy, Mita Giacomini, Deirdre DeJean, Sarah D McDonald
Excess gestational weight gain has numerous negative health outcomes for women and children, including high blood pressure, diabetes, and cesarean section (maternal) and high birth weight, trauma at birth, and asphyxia (infants). Excess weight gain in pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of long-term obesity in both mothers and children. Despite a concerted public health effort, the proportion of pregnant women gaining weight in excess of national guidelines continues to increase. To understand this phenomenon and offer suggestions for improving interventions, we conducted a systematic review of qualitative research on pregnant women's perceptions and experiences of weight gain in pregnancy...
November 21, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870738/persistent-pain-after-cesarean-delivery-and-vaginal-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
J Petter Kainu, Erja Halmesmäki, Kari T Korttila, P Johanna Sarvela
BACKGROUND: Persistent pain after cesarean delivery and vaginal delivery has been the subject of only a few research articles. The primary outcome of our prospective study was the incidence of persistent pain and its association to mode of delivery. We also studied the nature and intensity of pain after delivery. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed on postpartum day 2 to 1052 women who had given birth vaginally and to 502 who had undergone cesarean delivery in a tertiary maternity hospital in Helsinki, Finland, in 2010...
December 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866649/management-of-paediatric-splenic-injury-in-the-new-south-wales-trauma-system
#20
Susan E Adams, Andrew Holland, Julie Brown
: Since the 1980's, paediatric surgeons have increasingly managed blunt splenic injury (BSI) in children non-operatively. However, studies in North America have shown higher operation rates in non-paediatric centres and by adult surgeons. This association has not been examined elsewhere. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the management of BSI in New South Wales (NSW) children, to determine the patient and hospital factors related to the odds of operation. Secondarily, to investigate whether the likelihood of operation varied by year...
January 2017: Injury
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