keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sleep cognition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474363/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-improves-gait-control-in-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-prospective-study
#1
Sébastien Baillieul, Bernard Wuyam, Jean-Louis Pépin, Mathieu Marillier, Renaud Tamisier, Dominic Pérennou, Samuel Verges
STUDY AIM: Severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can lead to neurocognitive alterations, including gait impairments. The beneficial effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on improving excessive daytime sleepiness and daily functioning have been documented. However, a demonstration of CPAP treatment efficacy on gait control is still lacking. This study aims to test the hypothesis that CPAP improves gait control in severe OSA patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective controlled study, twelve severe OSA patients (age = 57...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474345/opioid-related-genetic-polymorphisms-do-not-influence-postoperative-opioid-requirement-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Frédéric Aubrun, Noël Zahr, Olivier Langeron, Nicolas Boccheciampe, Nathalie Cozic, Lisa Belin, Jean-Sebastien Hulot, Frederic Khiami, Bruno Riou
BACKGROUND: Among the various factors that may influence the pharmacological response to opioids, genetic polymorphisms [single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)] have generated some interest. OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence on morphine dose requirements and adverse events in the postoperative period of four SNP [opioid receptor mu1 (OPRM1), ATP-binding cassette subfamily B, member 1 (ABCB1) ex-21 and ex-26, catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT)] in candidate genes involved in morphine pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473855/children-s-environmental-health-in-the-digital-era-understanding-early-screen-exposure-as-a-preventable-risk-factor-for-obesity-and-sleep-disorders
#3
Candice Wolf, Seth Wolf, Miriam Weiss, Gustavo Nino
The quantity, accessibility and focus on child-targeted programming has exponentially increased since it entered American households in the early 1900s. It may have started with the television (TV), but technology has evolved and now fits in our pockets; as of 2017, 95% of American families own a smartphone. Availability and child-tailored content has subsequently led to a decrease in the age at initial screen exposure. The negative effects that accompany the current culture of early screen exposure are extensive and need to be considered as technology continues to enter the home and inundate social interactions...
February 23, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473029/fluoxetine-administration-in-juvenile-monkeys-implications-for-pharmacotherapy-in-children
#4
REVIEW
Mari S Golub, Casey E Hogrefe, Richard J Sherwood, Christoph W Turck
Fluoxetine therapy has been approved for children with major depressive disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder for over 14 years and has expanded to other childhood behavior disorders. As use increases, more detail on fluoxetine effects during juvenile brain development can help maintain safe and effective use of this therapy. Here, a narrative review is provided of previously published findings from a large nonhuman primate project. Fluoxetine was administered to juvenile male rhesus monkeys for an extended period (2 years) prior to puberty...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472644/effects-of-comt-genotype-and-tolcapone-on-lapses-of-sustained-attention-after-sleep-deprivation-in-healthy-young-men
#5
Amandine Valomon, Sebastian C Holst, Alessandro Borrello, Susanne Weigend, Thomas Müller, Wolfgang Berger, Michael Sommerauer, Christian R Baumann, Hans-Peter Landolt
Tolcapone, a brain penetrant selective inhibitor of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) devoid of psychostimulant properties, improves cognition and cortical information processing in rested volunteers, depending on the genotype of the functional Val158Met polymorphism of COMT. The impact of this common genetic variant on behavioral and neurophysiological markers of increased sleep need after sleep loss is controversial. Here we investigated the potential usefulness of tolcapone to mitigate consequences of sleep deprivation on lapses of sustained attention, and tested the hypothesis that dopamine signaling in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) causally contributes to neurobehavioral and neurophysiological markers of sleep homeostasis in humans...
February 5, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471478/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Robert Zachariae, Ali Amidi, Malene F Damholdt, Cecilie D R Clausen, Jesper Dahlgaard, Holly Lord, Frances P Thorndike, Lee M Ritterband
Background: Insomnia is two to three times more prevalent in cancer survivors than in the general population, where it is estimated to be 10% to 20%. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is the recommended treatment for chronic insomnia, but meeting survivor needs remains a challenge. Internet-delivered CBT-I (iCBT-I) has been shown efficacious in otherwise healthy adults. We tested the efficacy of iCBT-I in breast cancer survivors with clinically significant sleep disturbance...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471423/predictive-models-of-cognitive-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Jason A Berard, Andra M Smith, Lisa A S Walker
Objective: Cognitive fatigue (CF) can be defined as decreased performance with sustained cognitive effort. The present study examined the interrelatedness of disease severity, fatigue, depression, and sleep quality in order to evaluate their predictive roles of CF in MS. Four theoretical models examining these variables were assessed. Methods: Fifty-eight individuals with a diagnosis of MS were recruited. CF was measured by examining last third versus first third performance on the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT)...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469928/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-edentulous-patients
#8
Soumyojeet Bagchi, Arvind Tripathi, Suryakant Tripathi, Sushil Kar, Sarvada Chandra Tiwari, Juhi Singh
PURPOSE: To record the incidence of cognitive dysfunction in edentulous patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and establish a plausible hypothesis to explain the correlation of cognitive dysfunction and OSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 315 edentulous patients (aged 60 to 65 years) visiting the outpatient department at Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow were recruited from January 2013 to October 2015. Prosthodontic Diagnostic Index (PDI) classification was used to assess the intraoral condition to relate it with the span of edentulousness...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467636/increased-posterior-insula-sensorimotor-connectivity-is-associated-with-cognitive-function-in-healthy-participants-with-sleep-complaints
#9
Chun-Hong Liu, Cun-Zhi Liu, Xue-Qi Zhu, Ji-Liang Fang, Shun-Li Lu, Li-Rong Tang, Chuan-Yue Wang, Qing-Quan Liu
Insomnia is characterized by sensory hypersensitivity and cognitive impairments. Recent work has identified the insula as a central brain region involved in both bottom-up gating of sensory information and top-down cognitive control. However, the specific relationships between insular subregion connectivity and emotional and cognitive functions remain unclear. In this study, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were obtained from 25 healthy participants with sleep complaints (HPS) and 25 age-, gender- and educational level-matched healthy participants without insomnia complaints (HP)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464374/heterogeneous-pattern-of-autonomic-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Laurène Leclair-Visonneau, Laurent Magy, Christelle Volteau, Thomas Clairembault, Séverine Le Dily, Cécile Préterre, Arnaud Peyre, Philippe Damier, Michel Neunlist, Yann Péréon, Pascal Derkinderen
Dysautonomic symptoms are frequent non-motor complaints in patients with Parkinson's disease. Numerous neuropathological studies have shown that Lewy bodies and neurites, the pathological hallmarks of Parkinson's disease, are widely distributed throughout the peripheral autonomic nervous systems and across end organs. However, few investigations integrally explored the symptoms and physiology of dysautonomia in Parkinson's disease. We, therefore, performed a comprehensive evaluation of the autonomic function in a prospective group of 45 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462866/traumatic-brain-injury-sleep-disorders-and-psychiatric-disorders-an-underrecognized-relationship
#11
REVIEW
Anne M Morse, David R Garner
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is commonplace among pediatric patients and has a complex, but intimate relationship with psychiatric disease and disordered sleep. Understanding the factors that influence the risk for the development of TBI in pediatrics is a critical component of beginning to address the consequences of TBI. Features that may increase risk for experiencing TBI sometimes overlap with factors that influence the development of post-concussive syndrome (PCS) and recovery course. Post-concussive syndrome includes physical, psychological, cognitive and sleep-wake dysfunction...
February 15, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462410/changes-in-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-expression-influence-sleep-wake-activity-and-homeostatic-regulation-of-rapid-eye-movement-sleep
#12
Jennifer M Garner, Jonathan Chambers, Abigail K Barnes, Subimal Datta
Study Objectives: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression and homeostatic regulation of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep are critical for neurogenesis and behavioral plasticity. Accumulating clinical and experimental evidence suggests that decreased BDNF expression is causally linked with the development of REM sleep-associated neuropsychiatric disorders. Therefore, we hypothesize that BDNF plays a role in sleep-wake (S-W) activity and homeostatic regulation of REM sleep. Methods: Male and female wild-type (WT; BDNF +/+) and heterozygous BDNF (KD; BDNF +/-) rats were chronically implanted with S-W recording electrodes to quantify baseline S-W activity and REM sleep homeostatic regulatory processes during the light phase...
November 20, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461649/contextual-and-stress-process-factors-associated-with-head-and-neck-cancer-caregivers-physical-and-psychological-well-being
#13
M-S Paek, C L Nightingale, J A Tooze, B-J Milliron, K E Weaver, K R Sterba
Head and neck cancer (HNC) caregivers are especially vulnerable to poor outcomes because the HNC patients are at high risk for physical and functional impairments. This study examines contextual and stress process variables potentially associated with HNC caregivers' physical and psychological well-being. Patient-caregiver variables included socio-demographics, primary stressors (caregiving, patient clinical characteristics, HNC-related symptoms/dysfunction), secondary stressors (caregiver employment, childcare responsibilities and sleep duration <7 hr), appraisal, and response (physical activity)...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461178/correlates-and-predictors-of-new-mothers-responses-to-postpartum-thoughts-of-accidental-and-intentional-harm-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#14
Nichole Fairbrother, Dana S Thordarson, Fiona L Challacombe, John K Sakaluk
BACKGROUND: Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm are a normal, albeit distressing experience for most new mothers. The occurrence of these thoughts can represent a risk factor for the development of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). As the early postpartum period represents a time of increased risk for OCD development, the transition to parenthood provides a unique opportunity to better understand OCD development. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess components of cognitive behavioural conceptualizations of postpartum OCD in relation to new mothers' thoughts of infant-related harm...
February 20, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461096/associations-among-trajectories-of-sleep-disturbance-depressive-symptomology-and-24-hour-urinary-cortisol-in-hiv-women-following-a-stress-management-intervention
#15
Roger McIntosh, Michael Antoni, Julia Seay, Mary Ann Fletcher, Gail Ironson, Nancy Klimas, Mahendra Kumar, Neil Schneiderman
OBJECTIVE: The burden of sleep disturbance and depressive symptomology is high for persons living with HIV and particularly so for women. While cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) is shown to reduce symptoms of depression and 24-hr urinary free cortisol output (CORT) in HIV+ men, less is known about the effects of CBSM on mood and concomitant sleep disturbance in HIV+ women. The study aim is to model longitudinal change in sleep disturbance, depressive symptomology, and CORT for HIV+ women exposed to a 12-week CBSM intervention or control condition...
February 20, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459369/the-nucleus-reuniens-controls-long-range-hippocampo-prefrontal-gamma-synchronization-during-slow-oscillations
#16
Maëva Ferraris, Antoine Ghestem, Ana F Vicente, Lauriane Nallet-Khosrofian, Christophe Bernard, Pascale P Quilichini
Gamma oscillations are involved in long-range coupling of distant regions which support various cognitive operations. Here we show in adult male rats that synchronized bursts of gamma oscillations bind the hippocampus (HPC) and prefrontal cortex (mPFC) during slow oscillations and slow wave sleep, a brain state that is central for consolidation of memory traces. These gamma bursts entrained the firing of the local HPC and mPFC neuronal populations. Neurons of the nucleus reuniens (NR), which is a structural and functional hub between HPC and mPFC, demonstrated a specific increase in their firing prior to gamma burst onset, suggesting their involvement in HPC-mPFC binding...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458705/reliability-of-the-structured-clinical-interview-for-dsm-5-sleep-disorders-module
#17
Daniel J Taylor, Allison K Wilkerson, Kristi E Pruiksma, Jacob M Williams, Camilo J Ruggero, Willie Hale, Jim Mintz, Katherine Marczyk Organek, Karin L Nicholson, Brett T Litz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Katherine A Dondanville, Elisa V Borah, Antoinette Brundige, Alan L Peterson
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To develop and demonstrate interrater reliability for a Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Sleep Disorders (SCISD). METHODS: The SCISD was designed to be a brief, reliable, and valid interview assessment of adult sleep disorders as defined by the DSM-5. A sample of 106 postdeployment active-duty military members seeking cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in a randomized clinical trial were assessed with the SCISD prior to treatment to determine eligibility...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458196/within-subject-associations-between-inflammation-and-features-of-depression-using-the-flu-vaccine-as-a-mild-inflammatory-stimulus
#18
Kate R Kuhlman, Theodore F Robles, Larissa N Dooley, Chloe C Boyle, Marcie D Haydon, Julienne E Bower
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a role in mood and behavior that may be relevant to identifying risk factors and treatment for depression and other stress-related illnesses. The purpose of this study was to examine whether fluctuations in inflammation following a mild immune stimulus were associated with changes in daily reported features of depression for up to a week in a healthy sample of young adults. METHODS: Forty one undergraduate students completed daily diaries of mood, feelings of social disconnection, sleep, and physical symptoms for one week before and after receiving the seasonal influenza vaccine...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456870/a-psychosocial-intervention-for-the-management-of-functional-dysphonia-complex-intervention-development-and-pilot-randomised-trial
#19
Vincent Deary, Elaine McColl, Paul Carding, Tracy Miller, Janet Wilson
Background: Medically unexplained loss or alteration of voice-functional dysphonia-is the commonest presentation to speech and language therapists (SLTs). Besides the impact on personal and work life, functional dysphonia is also associated with increased levels of anxiety and depression and poor general health. Voice therapy delivered by SLTs improves voice but not these associated symptoms. The aims of this research were the systematic development of a complex intervention to improve the treatment of functional dysphonia, and the trialling of this intervention for feasibility and acceptability to SLTs and patients in a randomised pilot study...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456505/deletion-of-trace-amine-associated-receptor-1-attenuates-behavioral-responses-to-caffeine
#20
Michael D Schwartz, Jeremiah B Palmerston, Diana L Lee, Marius C Hoener, Thomas S Kilduff
Trace amines (TAs), endogenous amino acid metabolites that are structurally similar to the biogenic amines, are endogenous ligands for trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1), a GPCR that modulates dopaminergic, serotonergic, and glutamatergic activity. Selective TAAR1 full and partial agonists exhibit similar pro-cognitive, antidepressant- and antipsychotic-like properties in rodents and non-human primates, suggesting TAAR1 as a novel target for the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. We previously reported that TAAR1 partial agonists are wake-promoting in rats and mice, and that TAAR1 knockout (KO) and overexpressing mice exhibit altered sleep-wake and EEG spectral composition...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
6450
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"