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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630768/plastic-surgery-inclusion-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-perception-challenges-and-career-choice-a-comparative-study
#1
M Farid, R Vaughan, S Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The undergraduate medical curriculum has been overcrowded with core learning outcomes with no formal exposure to plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to compare medical students from two educational settings for the basic understanding, preferred learning method, and factors influencing a career choice in plastic surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study based on a web-based anonymous questionnaire sent to final year medical students at Birmingham University (United Kingdom), McGill University (Canada), and a control group (non-medical staff)...
2017: Plastic Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627299/improving-student-commitment-to-healthcare-related-design-practice-by-improving-the-studio-learning-experience
#2
Lindsay Tan, Miyoung Hong, Taneshia West Albert
OBJECTIVE: This case study explores the influence of the healthcare design studio experience on students' short-term professional goals as measured through rates of healthcare-related certification and internship/employment. BACKGROUND: The value and relevance of interior design is evident in the healthcare design sector. However, interior design students may not perceive this value if it is not communicated through their design education. Students' experience in the design studio plays a crucial role in determining career choices, and students may be more committed to career goals when there is clear connection between major coursework and professional practice...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624995/how-does-it-feel-to-be-a-pathology-resident-results-of-a-survey-on-experiences-and-job-satisfaction-during-pathology-residency
#3
Burcin Pehlivanoglu, Hur Hassoy, Catarina Calle, Amelie Dendooven, ILKe Nalbantoglu, Lidiya Reshchikova, Gulen Gul, Basak Doganavsargil
Residents' career choices and professional motivation can be affected from perception of their role and recognition within a medical team as well as their educational and workplace experiences. To evaluate pathology trainees' perceptions of their pathology residency, we conducted a 42-item survey via a web-based link questioning respondents' personal and institutional background, workplace, training conditions, and job satisfaction level. For the 208 residents from different European countries who responded, personal expectations in terms of quality of life (53%) and scientific excitement (52%) were the most common reasons why they chose and enjoy pathology...
June 17, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618855/stability-of-and-factors-related-to-medical-student-specialty-choice-of-psychiatry
#4
Matthew N Goldenberg, D Keith Williams, John J Spollen
OBJECTIVE: Targeted efforts are needed to increase the number of medical students choosing psychiatry, but little is known about when students decide on their specialty or what factors influence their choice. The authors examined the timing and stability of student career choice of psychiatry compared with other specialties and determined what pre- and intra-medical school factors were associated with choosing a career in psychiatry. METHOD: Using survey data from students who graduated from U...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611701/virtual-learning-simulations-in-high-school-effects-on-cognitive-and-non-cognitive-outcomes-and-implications-on-the-development-of-stem-academic-and-career-choice
#5
Malene Thisgaard, Guido Makransky
The present study compared the value of using a virtual learning simulation compared to traditional lessons on the topic of evolution, and investigated if the virtual learning simulation could serve as a catalyst for STEM academic and career development, based on social cognitive career theory. The investigation was conducted using a crossover repeated measures design based on a sample of 128 high school biology/biotech students. The results showed that the virtual learning simulation increased knowledge of evolution significantly, compared to the traditional lesson...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601112/the-role-of-dysfunctional-myths-in-a-decision-making-process-under-bounded-rationality-a-complex-dynamical-systems-perspective
#6
Dimitrios Stamovlasis, Julie Vaiopoulou
The present study examines the factors influencing a decision-making process, with specific focus on the role of dysfunctional myths (DM). DM are thoughts or beliefs that are rather irrational, however influential to people's decisions. In this paper a decision-making process regarding the career choice of university students majoring in natural sciences and education (N=496) is examined by analyzing survey data taken via Career Decision Making Difficulties Questionnaire (CDDQ). The difficulty of making the choice and the certainty about one's decision were the state variables, while the independent variables were factors related to the lack of information or knowledge needed, which actually reflect a bounded rationality...
July 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595593/specialty-preferences-among-medical-students-in-botswana
#7
Ambrose Rukewe, W A Abebe, A A Fatiregun, M Kgantshang
BACKGROUND: With the establishment of a new medical college in Botswana to train generalist-doctors and specialists, we set out to explore the career preferences of medical students, factors that influence their choices and attitude to local postgraduate training. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted among medical students in their third to fifth year, at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Botswana. The structured, self-administered questionnaires which were hand-delivered covered demographic characteristics of responders, career choices, preferred location of specialisation and factors that influenced the choices...
June 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583730/young-female-vascular-surgeons-more-likely-to-enter-academia
#8
Mimmie Kwong, John G Carson, Julie A Freischlag, Nasim Hedayati
OBJECTIVE: In the last decade, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of women entering vascular surgery. Our goal was to evaluate the differences in career paths based on gender and to determine some of the factors that influence career decisions among young vascular surgeons. METHODS: A 17-item web-based survey focusing on current employment status, reasons for choosing academic vs nonacademic positions, and career satisfaction was distributed to 900 members of the Society for Vascular Surgery who completed vascular surgery training in the past 10 years...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581913/evaluation-of-an-immersive-farm-experience-to-teach-and-attract-veterinary-students-to-food-animal-medicine
#9
Derek M Foster, Hannah J Sylvester, Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher
The Bovine Educational Symposium (BES) is a unique opportunity for North Carolina State University (NCSU) veterinary students to visit dairy farms, feedlots, cow-calf operations, and processing facilities, and to meet local bovine veterinarians. We hypothesized that this active learning opportunity would increase knowledge, change perceptions of animal agriculture and food-animal medicine, and provide skills that persist beyond graduation. Pre- and post-trip surveys were administered to 124 first-, second-, and third-year veterinary students attending BES over 3 years...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581305/the-roles-of-family-culture-and-social-cognitive-variables-in-the-career-interests-and-goals-of-asian-american-college-students
#10
Kayi Hui, Robert W Lent
Although family and cultural factors have been assumed to play important roles in the career development of Asian Americans, theory-driven research on this topic remains limited. We examined culturally relevant factors that may contribute to Asian Americans' consideration of fields in which they are overrepresented (e.g., science, technology, engineering) and underrepresented (e.g., education, social science). Drawing from social cognitive career theory, a culture-specific, social cognitive model of career interests and choice was tested in Holland's (1997) Investigative (I) and Social (S) themes...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580024/relationships-between-career-indecision-search-for-work-self-efficacy-and-psychological-well-being-in-italian-never-employed-young-adults
#11
Maria Maddalena Viola, Pasquale Musso, Sonia Ingoglia, Alida Lo Coco, Cristiano Inguglia
Although different studies have investigated career choices as cognitive acts of decision-making, non-cognitive components also play an important role. The study tries to develop an empirically based model of career decision-making process linking cognitive (search for work self-efficacy - SWSE) and non-cognitive (psychological well-being - PWB) components. In particular, the study investigates, among 148 never-employed Italian young adults, to what extent the relationship between SWSE and career indecision in terms of lack of readiness (LoR) can be explained by their common relationship with PWB...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577013/how-i-found-my-career
#12
Kenny Hall
Kenny Hall was unaware of the veterinary nursing profession until his vet student girlfriend suggested it would be the perfect career for him. As a male nurse he got used to being a 'rarity' and now encourages other men to consider veterinary nursing as a great career choice.
June 3, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574895/job-and-role-transitions-the-pathway-to-career-evolution
#13
Michael R Bleich
An individual's career trajectory evolves with each job and role transition. Over time, job/role experiences trigger choices as to whether to stay in a particular job setting or role. Reflective questions guide the process of deciding whether and when it is time to transition. Considerations include role fit with lifestyle expectations, need for advanced knowledge and formal education, and readiness for upward or lateral movement. Using a framework modeled after the work of Bolman and Deal, this article presents 4 lenses to guide a careerist's readiness and need for change: human resource, structural, political, and symbolic factors...
July 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570213/the-university-of-toronto-s-lasting-contribution-to-war-surgery-how-maj-l-bruce-robertson-fundamentally-transformed-thinking-toward-blood-transfusion-during-the-first-world-war
#14
Abigail Tien, Andrew Beckett, Dylan Pannell
During the Great War, Canadian military surgeons produced some of the greatest innovations to improve survival on the battlefield. Arguably, the most important was bringing blood transfusion practice close to the edge of the battlefield to resuscitate the many casualties dying of hemorrhagic shock. Dr. L. Bruce Robertson of the Canadian Army Medical Corps was the pioneering surgeon from the University of Toronto who was able to demonstrate the benefit of blood transfusions near the front line and counter the belief that saline was the resuscitation fluid of choice in military medicine...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562457/the-educational-climate-inventory-measuring-students-perceptions-of-the-preclerkship-and-clerkship-settings
#15
Edward Krupat, Nicole J Borges, Richard D Brower, Paul M Haidet, W Scott Schroth, Thomas J Fleenor, Sebastian Uijtdehaage
PURPOSE: To develop an instrument to assess educational climate, a critical aspect of the medical school learning environment that previous tools have not explored in depth. METHOD: Fifty items were written, capturing aspects of Dweck's performance-learning distinction, to distinguish students' perceptions of the educational climate as learning/mastery oriented (where the goal is growth and development) versus performance oriented (where the goal is appearance of competence)...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559705/choosing-the-scientific-journal-for-publishing-research-work-perceptions-of-medical-and-dental-researchers
#16
Nagarajappa Sandesh, Shilpa Wahrekar
BACKGROUND AND AIM: With the increasing demand to publish due to 'publish or perish' culture among research and academic institutions, the choice of a journal for publishing scientific articles becomes very important. A publication with many citations and high impact factor can propel researchers in their academic careers. The aim of this study is to explore the perceptions of medical and dental researchers in India about the important criteria to consider while selecting scientific journals for publishing their research...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558753/medical-students-career-choices-preference-for-placement-and-attitudes-towards-the-role-of-medical-instruction-in-ethiopia
#17
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, the health care delivery and the system of medical education have been expanding rapidly. However, in spite of the expansion, no studies have been carried out among medical students to identify their career choices and attitudes towards the medical instruction. Therefore, this study aimed to fill the gap in evidence in these specific areas. METHODS: Pretested questionnaire was self-administered among fifth and sixth year medical students in six government owned medical schools in Ethiopia...
May 30, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558500/influencing-college-and-higher-education-choices-in-disadvantaged-hispanic-high-school-students-through-a-school-based-health-club
#18
Harsimran Singh, Maria Matza, Christine Latham
INTRODUCTION: Statistics representing professional health care providers do not adequately reflect the shift in the nation's diverse population. Latinos are significantly underrepresented at all levels of appropriate academic programs critical for entry to health profession careers. This project describes the implementation of a student-run, faculty-facilitated Future Nurse and Health Club at a school (with majority Latino students) to emphasize the importance of higher education in health care...
June 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553158/the-impact-of-stress-on-tournament-entry
#19
Thomas Buser, Anna Dreber, Johanna Mollerstrom
Individual willingness to enter competitive environments predicts career choices and labor market outcomes. Meanwhile, many people experience competitive contexts as stressful. We use two laboratory experiments to investigate whether factors related to stress can help explain individual differences in tournament entry. Experiment 1 studies whether stress responses (measured as salivary cortisol) to taking part in a mandatory tournament predict individual willingness to participate in a voluntary tournament...
2017: Experimental Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548602/professional-values-and-career-choice-of-nursing-students
#20
Sultan Ayaz Alkaya, Şengül Yaman, Joyce Simones
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Professional values are abstract and general behavioral principles that provide basic standards to judge aims and actions, and these principles are formed by strong emotional loyalty of members of the profession. Research was conducted to compare the career choice and professional values of nursing students at two universities in the upper Midwest of the United States and in the middle of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive and comparative design was used...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
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