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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471177/needs-of-students-seeking-careers-in-communication-sciences-and-disorders-and-barriers-to-their-success
#1
Akiko Fuse
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs for and barriers to success of underrepresented students in the Communication Sciences and Disorders field and to determine factors linked to student persistence and academic achievement. METHOD: An online survey was completed by 126 undergraduates pursuing graduate studies in Communication Sciences and Disorders. Data were subjected to Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests. RESULTS: Survey responses indicated that financial matters exerted the most influence on students' preparation for and number of choices for graduate-school applications...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467968/continuity-of-care-in-resident-outpatient-clinics-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Jeremey Walker, Brittany Payne, B Lee Clemans-Taylor, Erin Dunn Snyder
Background : Continuity between patients and physicians is a core principle of primary care and an accreditation requirement. Resident continuity clinics face challenges in nurturing continuity for their patients and trainees. Objective : We undertook a scoping review of the literature to better understand published benchmarks for resident continuity; the effectiveness of interventions to improve continuity; and the impact of continuity on resident and patient satisfaction, patient outcomes, and resident career choice...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463548/determinants-of-hematology-oncology-trainees-postfellowship-career-pathways-with-a-focus-on-nonmalignant-hematology
#3
Ariela L Marshall, Sarah Jenkins, Joseph Mikhael, Scott D Gitlin
Nonmalignant hematologic conditions are extremely prevalent and contribute significantly to the global burden of disease. The US health care system may soon face a shortage of specialists in nonmalignant hematology. We sought to identify factors that lead hematology-oncology fellows to pursue (or not to pursue) careers in nonmalignant hematology. Cross-sectional, web-based survey distributed to 149 graduates of a hematology-oncology fellowship program at a large academic medical center between 1998 and 2016...
February 27, 2018: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460111/the-changing-age-of-individuals-seeking-presymptomatic-genetic-testing-for-huntington-disease
#4
Melissa A Holman, John Quillin, Timothy P York, Claudia M Testa, Ami R Rosen, Virginia W Norris
Huntington disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Presymptomatic genetic testing allows at-risk individuals to clarify their risk status. Understanding the characteristics and motivations of individuals seeking HD presymptomatic genetic testing better equips genetic counselors and other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive and personalized care. The aims of this study were to (1) determine whether the average age when individuals seek presymptomatic HD genetic testing has decreased over time, (2) assess motivations for seeking testing, (3) explore whether there is a relationship between age and motivations, and (4) explore genetic counselors' perceptions of the shift in age...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452409/recruitment-and-retention-of-trainee-physicians-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-motivations-and-influences-on-career-choice-of-trainee-physicians
#5
C Ryan, E Ward, M Jones
Background: Across the UK there are vacant physician posts at every level. This increases workload and stress for those who remain, in turn making substantive jobs less attractive. Aim: To understand the influences on career choice and retention in training of current trainee physicians. Methods: An online survey, with a combination of closed and free text questions, was developed to assess factors that affected career choices. This was sent to all core and higher specialty trainees in Scotland and Associate or Collegiate members of the Royal College of Physicians Edinburgh not training in Scotland...
February 14, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449760/pediatric-psychologists-career-satisfaction-2015-society-of-pediatric-psychology-workforce-survey-results
#6
Marisa E Hilliard, Cheryl Brosig, Andre A A Williams, Jessica Valenzuela, Astrida Kaugars, Paul M Robins, Peggy Christidis, Karen E Stamm, Tim Wysocki
Little is known about the career satisfaction of pediatric psychologists, who specialize in psychological research, teaching, and clinical service in the context of pediatric healthcare. As part of the larger Society of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey and in collaboration with the American Psychological Association Center for Workforce Studies, this study aimed to: (1) describe the career domains which pediatric psychologists perceive to be important and their satisfaction in each domain, and (2) compare satisfaction of pediatric psychologists across work settings, number of positions, appointment duration, professional roles, career stage, academic rank, and gender...
December 2017: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449270/internship-experiences-contribute-to-confident-career-decision-making-for-doctoral-students-in-the-life-sciences
#7
Alexandra M Schnoes, Anne Caliendo, Janice Morand, Teresa Dillinger, Michelle Naffziger-Hirsch, Bruce Moses, Jeffery C Gibeling, Keith R Yamamoto, Bill Lindstaedt, Richard McGee, Theresa C O'Brien
The Graduate Student Internships for Career Exploration (GSICE) program at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), offers structured training and hands-on experience through internships for a broad range of PhD-level careers. The GSICE program model was successfully replicated at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis). Here, we present outcome data for a total of 217 PhD students participating in the UCSF and UC Davis programs from 2010 to 2015 and 2014 to 2015, respectively. The internship programs at the two sites demonstrated comparable participation, internship completion rates, and overall outcomes...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446316/impact-of-the-inbre-summer-student-mentored-research-program-on-undergraduate-students-in-arkansas
#8
Jean C McSweeney, Teresa J Hudson, Latrina Prince, Helen Beneš, Alan J Tackett, Caroline Miller Robinson, Roger Koeppe, Lawrence E Cornett
The Institutional Development Award (IDeA) program, housed within the National Institute for General Medical Sciences, administers the Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) as a strategic mission to broaden the geographic distribution of National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding within the United States. Undergraduate summer student mentored research programs (SSMRP) are a common feature of INBRE programs and are designed to increase undergraduate student interest in research careers in the biomedical sciences...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440478/career-specialty-choices-of-uk-medical-graduates-of-2015-compared-with-earlier-cohorts-questionnaire-surveys
#9
Trevor William Lambert, Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre
OBJECTIVE: To report the career specialty choices of UK medical graduates of 2015 one year after graduation and to compare these with the choices made at the same postgraduate stage by previous cohorts. DESIGN: National survey using online and postal questionnaires. SETTING: UK. PARTICIPANTS: UK-trained medical graduates. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Grouped and individual specialty choices. RESULTS: The response rate was 41...
February 12, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431009/a-questionnaire-survey-of-second-year-graduate-entry-medical-students-perception-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-as-a-future-career-speciality
#10
Sharif I M F Ismail, Euan H Kevelighan
The aim of this study was to explore the impressions of second year graduate-entry medical students of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, before their attachment in the speciality in the subsequent year, so as to improve its appeal to them and increase their recruitment into it. A total of 74 questionnaires were distributed at the end of the Learning Opportunities in Clinical Setting (LOCS) week in the speciality and 66 (89.19%) completed questionnaires were returned. Over 4% of the respondents were considering the speciality as their career choice and less than half would consider it as a second option...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424650/factors-associated-with-burnout-among-us-neurosurgery-residents-a-nationwide-survey
#11
Frank J Attenello, Ian A Buchanan, Timothy Wen, Daniel A Donoho, Shirley McCartney, Steven Y Cen, Alexander A Khalessi, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol, Joseph S Cheng, William J Mack, Clemens M Schirmer, Karin R Swartz, J Adair Prall, Ann R Stroink, Steven L Giannotta, Paul Klimo
OBJECTIVE Excessive dissatisfaction and stress among physicians can precipitate burnout, which results in diminished productivity, quality of care, and patient satisfaction and treatment adherence. Given the multiplicity of its harms and detriments to workforce retention and in light of the growing physician shortage, burnout has garnered much attention in recent years. Using a national survey, the authors formally evaluated burnout among neurosurgery trainees. METHODS An 86-item questionnaire was disseminated to residents in the American Association of Neurological Surgeons database between June and November 2015...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422773/what-determines-medical-students-career-preference-for-general-practice-residency-training-a-multicenter-survey-in-japan
#12
Kenya Ie, Akiko Murata, Masao Tahara, Manabu Komiyama, Shuhei Ichikawa, Yousuke C Takemura, Hirotaka Onishi
Background: Few studies have systematically explored factors affecting medical students' general practice career choice. We conducted a nationwide multicenter survey (Japan MEdical Career of Students: JMECS) to examine factors associated with students' general practice career aspirations in Japan, where it has been decided that general practice will be officially acknowledged as a new discipline. Methods: From April to December 2015, we distributed a 21-item questionnaire to final year medical students in 17 medical schools...
2018: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408347/relationship-between-citation-based-scholarly-activity-of-united-states-radiation-oncology-residents-and-subsequent-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#13
Jan Chrastina, Zdeněk Novák, Tomáš Zeman, Věra Feitová, Dušan Hrabovský, Ivo Říha
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) were previously considered not suitable for neuroendoscopic treatment. New hydrocephalus theories support possible successful neuroendoscopy in such patients. METHODS: This study presents the results of neuroendoscopy in PTH and PHH with a background analysis. From 130 hydrocephalic patients after neuroendoscopic surgeries, 35 cases with PTH (11 patients) or PHH (24 patients - 9 acute, 10 subacute, 5 chronic) were found...
February 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397267/customized-residency-leadership-tracks-a-review-of-what-works-what-we-re-doing-and-ideas-for-the-future
#14
Shanna A Matalon, Stephanie A Howard, Glenn C Gaviola, Oren W Johnson, Catherine H Phillips, Stacy E Smith, William W Mayo-Smith
Effective leaders are essential to ensure the future of radiology. Radiologists often find themselves in leadership positions despite a lack of formal leadership training. The fourth year of residency is the ideal time to expose young physicians to leadership and extraclinical specialization, as such leadership development prior to fellowship may still impact academic career choice. In this manuscript, we discuss prior successes of leadership tracks within medicine and review the evidence supporting the saying that "leaders are made, not born"...
January 6, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393041/surgical-treatment-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women-danish-nationwide-cohort-studies%C3%A2
#15
Margrethe Foss Hansen
This PhD thesis is based on three original articles. The studies were performed at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Herlev University Hospital and at the Center for Clinical Epidemiology, Odense University Hospital. 
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a frequent disorder among women, which for the individual can have physical, psychological and social consequences. The current standard of surgical treatment is the synthetic midurethral sling (MUS), which is a minimal invasive procedure.
As the synthetic MUSs (TVT,TVT-O,TOT) were introduced in the late 1990s, there are only a few studies at the long-term follow-up based on nationwide populations; only a few have reported on the risk of reoperation and there is sparse evidence on which treatment should be used subsequently to failure of synthetic MUSs...
February 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373973/factors-deterring-dentistry-medical-pharmacy-and-social-science-undergraduates-from-pursuing-nursing-as-a-healthcare-career-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-asian-university
#16
Ling Ting Wu, Wenru Wang, Eleanor Holroyd, Violeta Lopez, Sok Ying Liaw
BACKGROUND: Globally more registered nurses need to be recruited to meet the needs of aging populations and increased co-morbidity. Nursing recruitment remains challenging when compared to other healthcare programs. Despite healthcare students having similar motivation in joining the healthcare industry, many did not consider nursing as a career choice. This study aims to identify the deterrents to choosing nursing among healthcare undergraduates by examining the differences in the factors influencing healthcare career choices and nursing as a career choice...
January 26, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373966/microeconomic-institutions-and-personnel-economics-for-health-care-delivery-a-formal-exploration-of-what-matters-to-health-workers-in-rwanda
#17
Pieter Serneels, Tomas Lievens
BACKGROUND: Most developing countries face important challenges regarding the quality of health care, and there is a growing consensus that health workers play a key role in this process. Our understanding as to what are the key institutional challenges in human resources, and their underlying driving forces, is more limited. A conceptual framework that structures existing insights and provides concrete directions for policymaking is also missing. METHODS: To gain a bottom-up perspective, we gather qualitative data through semi-structured interviews with different levels of health workers and users of health services in rural and urban Rwanda...
January 26, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368678/a-systematic-review-of-the-factors-affecting-choice-of-surgery-as-a-career
#18
John K Peel, Christopher M Schlachta, Nawar A Alkhamesi
BACKGROUND: Interest in surgical careers among medical students has declined over the past decade. Multiple explanations have been offered for why top students are deterred or rejected from surgical programs, though no consensus has emerged. METHODS: We conducted a review of the literature to better characterize what factors affect the pursuit of a surgical career. We searched PubMed and EMBASE and performed additional reference checks. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and Newcastle-Ottawa Education scores were used to evaluate the included data...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366376/do-primary-care-placements-influence-career-choice-what-is-the-evidence
#19
Maslah Amin, Shiv Chande, Sophie Park, Joe Rosenthal, Melvyn Jones
BACKGROUND: The NHS is struggling with GP recruitment. The Health Education England (HEE) Wass Report (By Choice not by Chance), among its recommendations to boost GP numbers, highlighted undergraduate (UG) GP placement experience as an important influence on future career choice. Aim To explore the UG influences on GP career choice. METHODS: Two junior doctors produced a pragmatic rapid appraisal of the literature on the UG influences on GP career choice for the Wass Report...
January 25, 2018: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358432/longitudinal-impact-of-interprofessional-education-on-attitudes-skills-and-career-trajectories-a-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-new-zealand
#20
Ben Darlow, Melanie Brown, Peter Gallagher, Lesley Gray, Eileen McKinlay, Gordon Purdie, Christine Wilson, Sue Pullon
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional practice is recognised as an important element of safe and effective healthcare. However, few studies exist that evaluate how preregistration education contributes to interprofessional competencies, and how these competencies develop throughout the early years of a health professional's career. This quasiexperimental study will gather longitudinal data during students' last year of preregistration training and their first 3 years of professional practice to evaluate the ongoing development of interprofessional competencies and the influence that preregistration education including an explicit interprofessional education (IPE) programme may have on these...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
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