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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216192/tracking-the-career-development-of-scientists-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-trained-through-tdr-s-research-capacity-strengthening-programmes-learning-from-monitoring-and-impact-evaluation
#1
Béatrice Halpaap, Mahnaz Vahedi, Edith Certain, Tini Alvarado, Caroline Saint Martin, Corinne Merle, Michael Mihut, Pascal Launois
The Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) co-sponsored by UNICEF, UNDP, World Bank and WHO has been supporting research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for over 40 years. In order to assess and continuously optimize its capacity strengthening approaches, an evaluation of the influence of TDR training grants on research career development was undertaken. The assessment was part of a larger evaluation conducted by the European Science Foundation. A comprehensive survey questionnaire was developed and sent to a group of 117 trainees supported by TDR who had completed their degree (masters or PhD) between 2000 and 2012; of these, seventy seven (77) responded...
December 7, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214151/association-between-depression-and-factors-affecting-career-choice-among-jordanian-nursing-students
#2
Said Yousef, Mariam Athamneh, Emad Masuadi, Haitham Ahmad, Tom Loney, Hamdy F Moselhy, Fatma Al-Maskari, Iffat ElBarazi
Background: Although stress reaction is high among nursing staff and nursing students in the Middle East and its effect on life is known, there are scant studies reporting on these clinical and social features. In addition, there are no studies reporting on factors that influence career choice among this group. Aim: This study aimed to investigate factors that influence career choice among nursing students and their possible association with depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212340/encouragers-and-discouragers-affecting-medical-graduates-choice-of-regional-and-rural-practice-locations
#3
Ann McKillop, Craig Webster, Win Bennett, Barbara O'Connor, Warwick Bagg
INTRODUCTION: Access to health care as near to where people live as possible is desirable. However, not enough medical graduates choose to work in rural and regional areas, especially in general practice. The career decisions of recent medical graduates are known to be affected by a variety of professional, societal and personal factors. Internationally, medical programmes have exposed students to regional and rural experiences partly to encourage them to seek employment in these areas after graduation...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192687/projected-speciality-career-choices-among-undergraduate-dental-students-in-scotland
#4
Y Lee, A J Ross
Background Despite increased numbers of dental specialists, around 90% of dentists in the UK continue to work in general practice. Previous research shows that undergraduate students indicate interest in speciality careers, however few studies have explored which specialties are of interest, when and why. The aim of this study was to explore whether Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) undergraduates attending Glasgow Dental School (GDS) indicate a desire to pursue a speciality career, why, and the extent to which they feel prepared in this regard...
December 1, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185876/freezing-for-love-enacting-responsible-reproductive-citizenship-through-egg-freezing
#5
Katherine Carroll, Charlotte Kroløkke
The promise of egg freezing for women's fertility preservation entered feminist debate in connection with medical and commercial control over, and emancipation from, biological reproduction restrictions. In this paper we explore how women negotiate and make sense of the decision to freeze their eggs. Our analysis draws on semi-structured interviews with 16 women from the Midwest and East Coast regions of the USA who froze their eggs. Rather than freezing to balance career choices and 'have it all', the women in this cohort were largely 'freezing for love' and in the hope of having their 'own healthy baby'...
November 29, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185206/reciprocal-associations-between-educational-identity-and-vocational-identity-in-adolescence-a-three-wave-longitudinal-investigation
#6
Oana Negru-Subtirica, Eleonora Ioana Pop
Education and vocation are core identity domains in adolescence. School is a normative social context in this developmental time frame and the formation of an educational identity is embedded in the goals that youth pursue in school. One of the main goals of education is to prepare young people for their future careers. Hence, educational identity should support the formation of vocational identity during adolescence. Considering the limited evidence on the longitudinal links between these two domain-specific identities, we conducted a three-wave investigation, testing the moderating role of age group, gender, and type of school...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179809/factors-that-affect-general-practice-as-a-choice-of-medical-speciality-implications-for-policy-development
#7
Amit Vohra, Richard Ladyshewsky, Stephen Trumble
Objective This article critically appraises the range of personal, professional and social factors that affect the choice of speciality across medical students, prevocational doctors, general practice registrars and general practitioners.Methods This qualitative study applied constructs from the fields of decision theory and career theory to better understand the complex nature of choosing a speciality. In all, 47 in-depth interviews were conducted with participants at different stages of their career cycle...
November 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178606/empowering-students-with-the-hidden-curriculum
#8
Hilary Neve, Tracey Collett
BACKGROUND: The hidden curriculum (HC) refers to unscripted, ad hoc learning that occurs outside the formal, taught curriculum and can have a powerful influence on the professional development of students. While this learning may be positive, it may conflict with that taught in the formal curriculum. Medical schools take a range of steps to address these negative effects; however, the existence and nature of the concept tends to be hidden from students. METHODS: Since 2007, our medical school has incorporated into its small group programme an educational activity exploring the concept of the hidden curriculum...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176812/generation-y-and-surgical-residency-passing-the-baton-or-the-end-of-the-world-as-we-know-it-results-from-a-survey-among-medical-students-in-germany
#9
Robert Kleinert, Claudia Fuchs, Vanessa Romotzky, Laura Knepper, Marie-Luise Wasilewski, Wolfgang Schröder, Christiane Bruns, Christiane Woopen, Jessica Leers
INTRODUCTION: The current student generation have their own expectations toward professional life and pay particular attention to their work-life balance. Less interest in work-intensive specialties leads to a shortage of skilled candidates especially in surgery. In order to motivate students into a surgical residency, new priorities become important. A deeper understanding of the underlying arguments and students' expectations towards a surgical training are necessary to counteract a future shortage of specialized surgeons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175638/links-between-gendered-leisure-time-in-childhood-and-adolescence-and-gendered-occupational-aspirations
#10
Bora Lee, Olivenne D Skinner, Susan M McHale
The world of work remains gender-segregated, and research is needed to identify factors that may give rise to women's and men's vocational choices. This study explored bidirectional relations between youth's gendered career aspirations and the proportions of youth's leisure time spent in stereotypically gendered activities and gendered social contexts. Participants were 203 youth (52% girls) from predominantly white, working and middle class families living in the US, who reported on their occupational aspirations and gendered interests in home interviews and on their daily activities in a series of 7 nightly phone interviews on two occasions, in middle childhood (Mage = 10...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172813/a-critical-scoping-review-of-the-connections-between-social-mission-and-medical-school-admissions-beme-guide-no-47
#11
Rachel H Ellaway, Rebecca Malhi, Sameer Bajaj, Ian Walker, Douglas Myhre
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing focus on the social accountability of medical schools, there has been no substantive review of admissions related to the social mission of medical schools. This paper reports on a critical scoping review of the connections between social mission and medical school admissions. METHODS: Searches of seven bibliographic databases identified 1258 unique articles. After filtering for relevance, 71 articles were considered for final review...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157575/effects-of-two-different-psychiatric-nursing-courses-on-nursing-students-attitudes-towards-mental-illness-perceptions-of-psychiatric-nursing-and-career-choices
#12
Zekiye Çetinkaya Duman, Neslihan Partlak Günüşen, Figen Şengün İnan, Sevecen Çelik Ince, Ayşe Sari
This quasi-experimental study was carried out to compare the attitudes towards psychiatry patients of students educated with problem-based learning and students educated with a traditional method in western Turkey. The students' perceptions of psychiatric nursing and their career choices were also evaluated. The sample consisted of 202 students; 130 were educated with a problem-based learning model and 72 were educated with a traditional method. Students educated with the problem-based learning method developed more positive attitudes towards mental illness after the psychiatric nursing course in comparison with students educated with the traditional method...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152866/student-perceived-mothers-and-fathers-beliefs-mathematics-and-english-motivations-and-career-choices
#13
Rebecca Lazarides, Helen M G Watt
According to Eccles and Jacobs' (1986) parent socialization model, parents' gendered ability and value beliefs influence girls' and boys' interpretations of those beliefs, and hence students' domain-specific valuing of tasks and competence beliefs and subsequent career plans. Studies have rarely analyzed how both student-perceived mothers' and fathers' beliefs affect girls' and boys' task values, success expectancies, and career plans across domains. This study analyzed survey data of 459 students (262 boys) assessed through Grades 9, 10, and 11 from three coeducational secondary schools in Sydney, Australia...
December 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149580/will-analytics-suppress-a-diversity-of-ideas-in-psychological-science
#14
Eve De Rosa
In this article, I suggest that an overreliance on analytics to assess faculty productivity and the diffusion of ideas may inadvertently suppress innovation. Even when these productivity-diffusion metrics are used to promote an individual's work, the use of such external guideposts may bias scientific choices and curb a psychological scientist's earnest inclination to synthesize or take scientific risks. Analytics are not inert but can change the path and progress of science itself, potentially reducing the diversity of ideas in psychological science...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146646/cross-sectional-study-of-the-financial-cost-of-training-to-the-surgical-trainee-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#15
John O'Callaghan, Helen M Mohan, Anna Sharrock, Vimal Gokani, J Edward Fitzgerald, Adam P Williams, Rhiannon L Harries
OBJECTIVES: Applications for surgical training have declined over the last decade, and anecdotally the costs of training at the expense of the surgical trainee are rising. We aimed to quantify the costs surgical trainees are expected to cover for postgraduate training. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A non-mandatory online questionnaire for UK-based trainees was distributed nationally...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146143/reported-mistreatment-during-the-surgery-clerkship-varies-by-student-career-choice
#16
Michael T Kemp, Margaret Smith, Scott Kizy, Michael Englesbe, Rishindra M Reddy
BACKGROUND: Student mistreatment is often a major concern during the surgery clerkship. We hypothesized that mistreatment is decreasing and that career choice may reflect perceived mistreatment. METHODS: We surveyed 2319 physicians about their surgery clerkships. Mistreatment reporting was correlated to physician specialty and medical school graduation year. RESULTS: The response rate was 18.9% (440/2319). Recent graduates reported less mistreatment than more senior graduates (24...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142590/birdcage-volume-coils-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-simple-experiment-for-students
#17
Dwight E Vincent, Tianhao Wang, Thalia A K Magyar, Peni I Jacob, Richard Buist, Melanie Martin
Background: This article explains some simple experiments that can be used in undergraduate or graduate physics or biomedical engineering laboratory classes to learn how birdcage volume radiofrequency (RF) coils and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) work. For a clear picture, and to do any quantitative MRI analysis, acquiring images with a high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is required. With a given MRI system at a given field strength, the only means to change the SNR using hardware is to change the RF coil used to collect the image...
2017: Journal of Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142543/career-choices-of-medical-doctors-at-graduate-level-a-multicenter-study
#18
Sadaf Zia, Maisam Abbas, Mehreen Sulaiman, Salman Matiullah Sheikh
Objective: To find out the specialty choices being taken by Final year Medical students and graduate Doctors. Method: This is a cross sectional survey study which was conducted over two months from 1(st) November to 31(st) December 2016. Final year students and house job doctors were asked for the filling of Performa, after filling the consent form. A self-developed, anonymous questionnaire was used to conduct the study using close ended type of questions. This was a multi-center study conducted at Dow International Medical College and Jinnah Medical and Dental College...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140793/medical-specialty-preferences-in-early-medical-school-training-in-canada
#19
Anthony Vo, Laurie McLean, Matthew D F McInnes
Objectives: To understand what medical students consider when choosing their specialty, prior to significant clinical exposure to develop strategies to provide adequate career counseling. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed by distributing optional questionnaires to 165 first-year medical students at the University of Ottawa in their first month of training with a sample yield of 54.5% (n=90).  Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, Spearman's rank correlation, Cronbach's alpha coefficient, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure, and exploratory factor analyses were used to analyze the anonymized results...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133649/is-pediatric-ophthalmology-a-popular-subspecialty-in-india-present-scenario-and-future-remedies
#20
Sucheta Parija, Preetam Mahajan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the attitude and perceptions of residents regarding Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (POS) subspecialty training. We also explored the possible barriers and solutions to promoting POS in India. METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 20 items, with a 5-point Likert scale, was provided to all postgraduate residents of Ophthalmology in the year 2013-2014. Semistructured interview of a selected panel of experts was carried out to understand the challenges, barriers, and opportunities for developing POS subspecialty in India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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