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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548602/professional-values-and-career-choice-of-nursing-students
#1
Sultan Ayaz Alkaya, Şengül Yaman, Joyce Simones
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Professional values are abstract and general behavioral principles that provide basic standards to judge aims and actions, and these principles are formed by strong emotional loyalty of members of the profession. Research was conducted to compare the career choice and professional values of nursing students at two universities in the upper Midwest of the United States and in the middle of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive and comparative design was used...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538427/return-on-investment-of-advanced-practice-medical-degrees-nps-vs-pas
#2
Christopher K Craig, James H Holmes, Jeffery E Carter
As the United States faces a predicted physician shortage over the next 2 decades, physician assistants (PAs) and NPs are expected to fill the void. At the same time, because education is expensive, student loan and tuition increases have many potential applicants assessing differences in reimbursement and wondering about their return on investment (ROI). An analysis compared PA and NP salaries by incorporating national salary data, federal income tax, and student loans for a comparative analysis of each career pathway...
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529368/what-they-think-of-us-a-study-of-teaching-medical-specialists-attitude-towards-psychiatry-in-india
#3
Suravi Patra, Binod Kumar Patro
CONTEXT: Attitudes of teaching medical specialists are important in shaping medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry. Data on attitudes of teaching medical specialists of India toward psychiatry are limited. AIMS: The aim was to study the attitude of teaching medical specialists of an academic medical center in East India toward psychiatry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered attitude toward psychiatry-30 (ATP 30) scale to teaching medical specialists of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, based on convenience sampling...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522791/career-in-vascular-surgery-the-medical-student-s-perspective
#4
Malwina K Grobelna, Hubert Stępak, Barbara Kołodziejczak, Łukasz Dzieciuchowicz, Grzegorz Oszkinis
AIM: Under the supervision of the Department of General and Vascular Surgery of Poznan University of Medical Sciences, a questionnaire was distributed online or as a paper version to medical students (MSs) in order to better understand the attitudes towards surgery as a specialty and to determine the reasons why students do and do not choose vascular surgery as their career path. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed online or as a paper version to MSs in the 3rd, 5th, and 6th year of the PUMS 6-year M...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516427/the-organism-strikes-back-chlorella-algae-and-their-impact-on-photosynthesis-research-1920s-1960s
#5
Kärin Nickelsen
Historians and philosophers of twentieth-century life sciences have demonstrated that the choice of experimental organism can profoundly influence research fields, in ways that sometimes undermined the scientists' original intentions. The present paper aims to enrich and broaden the scope of this literature by analysing the career of unicellular green algae of the genus Chlorella. They were introduced for the study of photosynthesis in 1919 by the German cell physiologist Otto H. Warburg, and they became the favourite research objects in this field up to the 1960s...
June 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515591/the-current-status-of-pediatric-radiology-in-india-a-conference-based-survey
#6
Jacob Therakathu, Vikas K Yadav, Shyamkumar N Keshava, Sridhar Gibikote, Govind B Chavan, Manohar Shroff
INTRODUCTION: Like most other developing countries, India has a large proportion of children among its population. However, the facilities for adequate treatment of this large population is inadequate. The development of pediatric radiology as a subspecialty is still at an infant stage in India. The goal of our study was to assess the awareness about the current status of pediatric radiology in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was handed over to all attendees of a pediatric radiology conference to assess their opinion regarding the adequacy of pediatric training and practice in India...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508103/to-be-or-not-to-be-rheumatologist-survey-among-belgian-medical-students-and-internal-medicine-trainees-what-do-certified-rheumatologists-think-about-the-current-rheumatology-training-program
#7
Ruth Wittoek, Herman Mielants
In several countries, there have been increasing concerns over the years that fewer medical students or trainees choose rheumatology as a specialty. The aim of this three-step survey is to study the motivational factors for students and trainees in internal medicine to choose for rheumatology as a future career option and the idea among experienced rheumatologists about the needs for changes in the training program. An online survey was distributed among students in medical training (in the final 3 years) and trainees in internal medicine from the Ghent University and University Hospital...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502710/graduating-pediatric-residents-entering-the-hospital-medicine-workforce-2006-2015
#8
JoAnna K Leyenaar, Mary Pat Frintner
OBJECTIVE: In October 2016, the American Board of Medical Specialties approved the petition for pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) to become the newest pediatric subspecialty. Knowledge about residents entering the PHM workforce is needed to inform certification and fellowship accreditation. This study describes the characteristics of graduating pediatric residents with PHM positions and identifies factors associated with post-residency position choices. METHODS: We analyzed data from the American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Survey of Graduating Residents, 2006-2015...
May 11, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497985/examining-medical-student-specialty-choice-through-a-gender-lens-an-orientational-qualitative-study
#9
Victoria Smith, Cheri Bethune, Katrina F Hurley
Phenomenon: A growing number of women are entering the medical workforce, yet their distribution across medical specialties remains nonuniform. We sought to describe how culture, bias, and socialization shape gendered thinking regarding specialty choice at a Canadian undergraduate medical institution. APPROACH: We analyzed transcripts from the Career Choices Project: 16 semistructured focus group discussions with 70 students graduating from Memorial University of Newfoundland in 2003, 2006, 2007, and 2008...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490914/assessment-of-residency-program-outcomes-via-alumni-surveys
#10
Sonja Lüer, Christoph Aebi
BACKGROUND: One trend in medical education is outcomes-oriented training. Outcomes usually refer to individuals' acquisition of competencies, for example, during training in residency programs. However, little is known about outcomes of these programs. In order to fill this gap, human resource (HR) data were analyzed and alumni of a pediatric residency program were surveyed at the Department of Pediatrics, Bern University Hospital, Switzerland. METHODS: Residency program outcomes (demographics, career choices, part-time or full-time work status, competencies, feedback) were assessed through in-house HR databases, publicly available data on the Internet (physician directory and practice homepages), and 2 alumni surveys (S1, S2)...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469591/establishing-the-research-agenda-for-increasing-the-representation-of-women-in-engineering-and-computing
#11
REVIEW
Kathleen Buse, Catherine Hill, Kathleen Benson
While there is an extensive body of research on gender equity in engineering and computing, there have been few efforts to glean insight from a dialog among experts. To encourage collaboration and to develop a shared vision of the future research agenda, a 2 day workshop of 50 scholars who work on the topic of gender in engineering and computing was held at a rural conference center. The structure of the conference and the location allowed for time to reflect, dialog, and to craft an innovative research agenda aimed at increasing the representation of women in engineering and computing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458587/gender-stereotypes-in-occupational-choice-a-cross-sectional-study-on-a-group-of-italian-adolescents
#12
Tiziana Ramaci, Monica Pellerone, Caterina Ledda, Giovambattista Presti, Valeria Squatrito, Venerando Rapisarda
BACKGROUND: Gender beliefs represent cultural schemas for interpreting or making sense of the social and employment world, as they can influence attitudes, career aspirations, and the vocational decision process of young people, especially the adolescence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined the influence of gender stereotypes on the choice of career in adolescents. A group of 120 students were recruited to complete an ad hoc questionnaire, Scale of Perceived Occupational Self-Efficacy, and Semantic Differentials...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450476/many-vets-make-an-early-career-choice
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449685/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-an-instrument-to-compare-career-choice-influences-and-perceptions-of-nursing-among-healthcare-students
#14
Sok Ying Liaw, Ling Ting Wu, Violeta Lopez, Yeow Leng Chow, Siriwan Lim, Eleanor Holroyd, Khoon Kiat Tan, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: With the availability of more healthcare courses and an increased intake of nursing students, education institutions are facing challenges to attract school leavers to enter nursing courses. The comparison of career choice influences and perception of nursing among healthcare students can provide information for recruitment strategies. An instrument to compare the influences of healthcare career choice is lacking. The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of an instrument to compare the influences of healthcare career choice with perceptions of nursing as a career choice...
April 27, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445219/canadian-national-guidelines-and-recommendations-for-integrating-career-advising-into-medical-school-curricula
#15
Kelly Howse, June Harris, Nancy Dalgarno
Career planning, decision making about specialty choice, and preparation for residency matching are significant sources of stress for medical students. Attempts have been made to structure and formalize career advising by including it in accreditation standards. There is an expressed need for national guidelines on career advising for medical students. The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Implementation Project was created to ensure Canadian medical trainees receive the best education possible...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442493/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-canadian-md-phd-program-graduates-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Michael A Skinnider, Jordan W Squair, David D W Twa, Jennifer X Ji, Alexandra Kuzyk, Xin Wang, Patrick E Steadman, Kirill Zaslavsky, Ayan K Dey, Mark J Eisenberg, Ève-Reine Gagné, Kent T HayGlass, James F Lewis, Peter J Margetts, D Alan Underhill, Norman D Rosenblum, Lynn A Raymond
BACKGROUND: Combined MD/PhD programs provide a structured path for physician-scientist training, but assessment of their success within Canada is limited by a lack of quantitative data. We collected outcomes data for graduates of Canadian MD/PhD programs. METHODS: We developed and implemented a Web-based survey consisting of 41 questions designed to collect outcomes data for Canadian MD/PhD program alumni from 8 Canadian universities who had graduated before September 2015...
April 25, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440719/a-case-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-21st-century-the-use-of-innovative-approaches-in-designing-and-developing-a-case-on-mental-health
#17
Athanasios Hassoulas, Elizabeth Forty, Mathew Hoskins, James Walters, Stephen Riley
The introduction of case-based learning (CBL) by the School of Medicine at Cardiff University has encouraged innovation in medical teaching and learning. During years one and two of the modernized MBBCh program, students complete 17 cases as part of the newly developed C21 curriculum that emphasizes a patient-oriented and student-centered approach to learning. The mental health case, which is presented in year 2, incorporates a number of novel teaching resources that aim to enhance the students' learning experience and to further reinforce the patient-oriented and community-based philosophy of C21...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433523/association-of-preresidency-peer-reviewed-publications-with-radiation-oncology-resident-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#18
Shearwood McClelland, Charles R Thomas, Lynn D Wilson, Emma B Holliday, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: The decision of radiation oncology residents to pursue academic versus private practice careers plays a central role in shaping the present and future of the field, but factors that are potentially predictive of this decision are lacking. This study was performed to examine the role of several factors publicly available before residency on postresidency career choice, including preresidency peer-reviewed publications (PRPs), which have been associated with resident career choice in comparably competitive subspecialties such as neurosurgery...
April 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428762/gendered-pathways-how-mathematics-ability-beliefs-shape-secondary-and-postsecondary-course-and-degree-field-choices
#19
REVIEW
Lara Perez-Felkner, Samantha Nix, Kirby Thomas
Do mathematics ability beliefs explain gender gaps in the physical science, engineering, mathematics, and computer science fields (PEMC) and other science fields? We leverage U.S. nationally representative longitudinal data to estimate gendered differences in girls' and boys' perceptions of mathematics ability with the most difficult or challenging material. Our analyses examine the potentially interacting effects of gender and these ability beliefs on students' pathways to scientific careers. Specifically, we study how beliefs about ability with challenging mathematics influence girls' and boys' choices to pursue PEMC degrees, evaluating educational milestones over a 6-year period: advanced science course completion in secondary school and postsecondary major retention and selection...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422816/why-not-wait-eight-institutions-share-their-experiences-moving-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-after-core-clinical-clerkships
#20
Michelle Daniel, Amy Fleming, Colleen O'Conner Grochowski, Vicky Harnik, Sibel Klimstra, Gail Morrison, Arnyce Pock, Michael L Schwartz, Sally Santen
The majority of medical students complete the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 after their foundational sciences; however, there are compelling reasons to examine this practice. This article provides the perspectives of eight MD-granting medical schools that have moved Step 1 after the core clerkships, describing their rationale, logistics of the change, outcomes, and lessons learned. The primary reasons these institutions cite for moving Step 1 after clerkships are to foster more enduring and integrated basic science learning connected to clinical care and to better prepare students for the increasingly clinical focus of Step 1...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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