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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047349/professional-identity-career-choices-and-working-conditions-of-future-and-young-dentists-in-germany-study-design-and-methods-of-a-nationwide-comprehensive-survey
#1
Nele Kettler, Nicolas Frenzel Baudisch, Wolfgang Micheelis, David Klingenberger, A Rainer Jordan
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding young and future dentists' career choices, professional identity, and working conditions in Germany. While the dental healthcare environment and demands in treatment are changing, it remains unclear what job perceptions young dentists have developed at the beginning of their work life and if and how these perceptions change during the subsequent years. The aim of this study was to survey future and young dentists regarding their professional identity, planned career paths, and working conditions and strains to understand career decisions and choices and enable policy makers to include future dentists' views and expectations in their decisions...
October 18, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041794/the-views-of-key-stakeholders-in-zimbabwe-on-the-introduction-of-postgraduate-family-medicine-training-a-qualitative-study
#2
Cherifa Sururu, Robert Mash
BACKGROUND: Strengthening primary health care (PHC) is a priority for all effective health systems, and family physicians are seen as a key member of the PHC team. Zimbabwe has joined a number of African countries that are seriously considering the introduction of postgraduate family medicine training. Implementation of training, however, has not yet happened. AIM: To explore the views of key stakeholders on the introduction of postgraduate family medicine training...
September 12, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036777/growing-and-retaining-general-practice-research-leaders-in-australia-how-can-we-do-better
#3
Mieke van Driel, Laura Deckx, Georga Cooke, Marie Pirotta, Gerard F Gill, Tania Winzenberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Australian general practitioners (GPs) with a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) about their choice to abandon or pursue an academic career. METHODS: A qualitative study of 18 GPs (PhD obtained between 2006 and 2016) was conducted. Semi-structured telephone interviews were transcribed and analysed using concurrent thematic analysis. RESULTS: General practice researchers faced insecure career pathways...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017594/depression-in-medical-students-insights-from-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Vanessa Silva, Patrício Costa, Inês Pereira, Ricardo Faria, Ana P Salgueira, Manuel J Costa, Nuno Sousa, João J Cerqueira, Pedro Morgado
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with depression of medical students are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of depression in medical students, its change during the course, if depression persists for affected students, what are the factors associated with depression and how these factors change over time. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Medical School of the University of Minho, Portugal, between academic years 2009-2010 to 2012-2013...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987457/migration-intentions-among-portuguese-junior-doctors-results-from-a-survey
#5
Pedro Ramos, Hélio Alves
Migration of health personnel during periods of economic crisis represents a challenge for policymakers in origin and destination countries. Portugal is going through a period of economic hardship and much has been speculated about an increase in junior doctors' migration during this period. Using a questionnaire administered to a sample of Portuguese junior doctors who were still in the general residency (1st-year after medical school), we aim at determining the prevalence of migration intentions among Portuguese junior doctors and to identify the most important drivers of career choice for those who are considering emigrating in the near future...
September 28, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964686/the-use-and-misuse-of-moral-distress-in-neonatology
#6
REVIEW
Trisha M Prentice, Lynn Gillam, Peter G Davis, Annie Janvier
The neonatal intensive care unit is recognized as a stressful environment; the nature of caring for sick babies with uncertain outcomes and the need to make difficult decisions results in a work place where moral distress is prevalent. According to the prevailing definition, moral distress occurs when the provider believes that what is "done" is not the right course of action, with an element of constraint: the provider has no choice but to act this way. This can lead to adverse outcomes, including burnout and a change of career...
September 27, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958653/the-surgical-skills-and-technology-elective-program-sstep-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-simulation-based-surgical-skills-initiative-for-preclerkship-medical-students
#7
Riaz J Karmali, Jennifer M Siu, Daniel Z You, Stefania Spano, Andrea L Winthrop, John F Rudan, Richard K Reznick, Anthony T Sanfilippo, Paul Belliveau
BACKGROUND: The Surgical Skills and Technology Elective Program (SSTEP) is a voluntary preclerkship surgical bootcamp that uses simulation learning to build procedural knowledge and technical skills before clerkship. METHODS: Eighteen second year students (n = 18) participated in simulation workshops over the course of 7 days to learn clerkship-level procedural skills. A manual was supplied with the program outline. Assessment of the participants involved: 1) a written exam 2) a single videotaped Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill (OSATS) station 3) an exit survey to document changes in career choices...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955275/basic-values-career-orientations-and-career-anchors-empirical-investigation-of-relationships
#8
Marc Abessolo, Jérôme Rossier, Andreas Hirschi
In today's dynamic and uncertain career context, values play an important role for career choice and lifelong career self-management. Values are desirable goals that are sought by individuals to satisfy their needs and are important for understanding career orientations in terms of protean and boundaryless career orientations and career anchors. However, how career orientations or career anchors fit into a well-established and supported model and into the structure of basic human values remains an important and under-investigated question...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955100/five-years-of-family-medicine-undergraduate-education-in-ghana-a-wake-up-call
#9
Akye Essuman, Henry Lawson, David Nortey, Mawuli Gyakobo, Gerhart Ofori-Amankwah, Thomas A Ndanu, Katherine J Gold
OBJECTIVES: Given the introduction in 2008 of undergraduate family medicine in the University of Ghana, the study aimed to identify the perceptions of medical students in Ghana about family medicine with regard to knowledge and relevance as well as specialty preferences. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHOD: Investigators conducted yearly surveys of first clinical year students at the University of Ghana School of Medicine and Dentistry over a 5-year period (2008-2012) using a semi-structured questionnaire...
June 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955095/response-to-comment-on-najia-karim-ghanchi-et-al-j-pak-med-assoc-2017-2-627-9-perception-of-pathology-as-a-future-career-choice-among-medical-students-from-karachi-pakistan-experience-from-a-private-medical-school
#10
Najia Karim Ghanchi, Raabia Nizamuddin Nizamuddin, Zahra Nur Khaled, Amna Qasim, Ahmed Buksh Raheem, Natasha Ali, Naila Kayani, Mohammad Asim Beg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955094/comment-on-najia-karim-ghanchi-et-al-j-pak-med-assoc-2017-2-627-9-perception-of-pathology-as-a-future-career-choice-among-medical-students-from-karachi-pakistan-experience-from-a-private-medical-school
#11
Asim Shaikh, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Syed Saboor Hasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953813/survey-on-the-knowledge-and-expectations-of-psychiatry-of-intellectual-disability-id-in-junior-doctors-joining-a-nhs-mental-health-trust
#12
Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya, Claire Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Nationally, there is a drive to rotate more Foundation and GP Trainee Doctors through Psychiatry posts. In East London Foundation Trust (ELFT) in Bedfordshire, doctors from Core Psychiatry, Foundation and GP training programmes come to train in Psychiatry. Many will not have worked in Psychiatry before and have little experience of patients with ID. The prevalence of people with ID is increasing with improved life expectancy. They are a complex and vulnerable group with considerable wider legal, ethical and social issues...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941879/transition-experiences-intrapersonal-resources-and-job-retention-of-new-graduate-nurses-from-accelerated-and-traditional-nursing-programs-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#13
Emily Read, Heather K S Laschinger
BACKGROUND: With increasing numbers of new graduate nurses from accelerated nursing programs entering the workforce, it is important to understand their transition experiences, as they may differ from those of traditional graduates. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the intrapersonal resources, transition experiences, and retention outcomes of these two groups. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional comparison study was conducted...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941650/the-lived-experience-of-registered-nurses-educated-in-accelerated-second-degree-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-programs-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-research-study
#14
Lisa Hennessy
Accelerated Second Degree Bachelor of Science in Nursing (ASDBSN) programs have proliferated in response to the ongoing and anticipated nursing shortages of the first decades of this century. While a number of studies have reported on the students enrolled in these programs, limited information exists regarding how nurses educated in these programs experience their nursing careers beyond the first two years of practice. This study was undertaken to explore the lived experience of registered nurses educated in an ASDBSN program...
September 18, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937512/obstetricians-and-gynecologists-of-the-future-a-survey-of-medical-students-applying-to-residency
#15
Meredith J Alston, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Abigail Winkel, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
OBJECTIVE: To understand the characteristics and career goals of medical students selecting a career in obstetrics and gynecology. METHODS: In 2015-2016, medical students invited for interviews for obstetrics and gynecology residency at the University of Colorado, University of Washington, University of California San Francisco, Loyola University, and New York University received a voluntary 20-item electronic survey regarding factors influencing their choice of medical specialty...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930936/factors-influencing-the-choice-of-anesthesia-as-a-career-by-undergraduates-of-the-university-of-rwanda
#16
Eugene Tuyishime
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913597/trauma-leagues-a-novel-option-to-attract-medical-students-to-a-surgical-career
#17
Romeo Lages Simões, Alcir Escocia Dorigatti, Henrique José Virgili Silveira, Thiago Rodrigues Araujo Calderan, Sandro Rizoli, Gustavo Pereira Fraga
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, most medical schools do not offer trauma surgery in their undergraduate curriculum. The Trauma Leagues arose in Brazil as an important promoter of trauma education and stimulated activities related to surgical skills and practices. In recent decades, studies have demonstrated that the number of surgical residency applicants has decreased worldwide. Strategies to motivate medical students to choose surgery are needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of participation in the Unicamp Trauma League (UTL) during a 20-year period in the choice for a surgical career...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890450/regarding-bioethics-i-a-sociology-of-morality-i
#18
Raymond De Vries
C. Wright Mills said that when done well, sociology illuminates the intersection of biography and history. This essay examines how the author's vocational choices and career path were shaped by historical circumstance, leading him to a degree in sociology and to participation in the odd and interesting interdiscipline of bioethics. Drawing on a distinction between sociology in bioethics and sociology of bioethics, the essay considers the value of sociology to the bioethical project.
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886935/examination-of-nondesignated-preliminary-surgery-residents-recruited-since-the-inception-of-supplementary-offer-and-acceptance-program-lessons-learned-from-a-large-academic-program
#19
Maria Albuja-Cruz, Claire Travis, Michael Benge, Barbara Caufield, Mark Nehler
PURPOSE: The majority of surgery programs roster non-designated preliminary (NDP) residents. We and others have reported on the success of NDP resident mentoring with regard to categorical position placement. Lacking is a focus on the candidates themselves and differences based on initial career of choice. METHODS: NDP residents' files since the institution of SOAP were reviewed for demographics, initial career choice, financial burden, region of medical school of origin, application and interview history, and pre-screen interview candidate score (high score of 22 - data includes USMLE scores, major clerkship grades, and AOA) used for categorical recruitment...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886356/african-americans-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-factors-affecting-career-choice-satisfaction-and-practice-patterns
#20
Thalia-Rae Criddle, Newton C Gordon, George Blakey, R Bryan Bell
PURPOSE: There are few data available on the experience of minority surgeons in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to 1) explore factors that contribute to African Americans choosing OMS as a career, 2) examine satisfaction among minority oral and maxillofacial surgeons with the residency application and training process, 3) report on practice patterns among minority oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and 4) identify perceived bias for or against minority oral and maxillofacial surgeons in an attempt to aid the efforts of OMS residency organizations to foster diversity...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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