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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317211/career-paths-of-1988-and-1998-nurse-graduates-in-switzerland-nurses-at-work-pilot-study
#1
V Addor, A Jeannin, R Schwendimann, F Roulet Jeanneret
AIM: To investigate career paths and nurses' reasons to quit their job in Switzerland. BACKGROUND: Increasing the duration of employment is the most efficient measure to reduce the worldwide nursing shortage. The results of the pilot phase for the retrospective cohort nurses at work study are presented. METHODS: In 2012, 1085 graduates' names of two test-cohorts (1988 and 1998) from 26 Swiss nursing schools were asked to complete a web-based questionnaire...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316314/choosing-surgery-identifying-factors-leading-to-increased-general-surgery-matriculation-rate
#2
David T Pointer, Matthew D Freeman, James R Korndorffer, Peter C Meade, Bernard M Jaffe, Douglas P Slakey
Tulane graduates have, over the past six years, chosen general surgical residency at a rate above the national average (mean 9.6% vs 6.6%). With much of the recent career choice research focusing on disincentives and declining general surgery applicants, we sought to identify factors that positively influenced our students' decision to pursue general surgery. A 50-question survey was developed and distributed to graduates who matched into a general surgery between the years 2006 and 2014. The survey evaluated demographics, exposure to surgery, and factors affecting interest in a surgical career...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301204/impact-of-an-interactive-diagnostic-case-simulator-on-a-medical-student-radiology-rotation
#3
Michael V Friedman, Jennifer L Demertzis, Travis J Hillen, Jeremiah R Long, David A Rubin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the short-term impact of adding an interactive simulator to a medical student radiology clerkship. We hypothesized that transitioning students from passive observers to active participants in the reading room would create an appealing and effective learning experience for the current generation of students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An interactive workstation that provided diagnostic simulations of 84 cases selected to maximize exposure to important diagnoses in musculoskeletal (MSK) radiology was created...
March 16, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299557/beyond-a-reading-disability-comments-on-the-need-to-examine-the-full-spectrum-of-abilities-disabilities-of-the-atypical-dyslexic-brain
#4
Jeffrey W Gilger
A panel of practioners and researchers convened to consider how to advance a broader understanding of the neurocognitive profile of people with dyslexia. While a great deal of research has been conducted on the reading process, the panel recognized that the "dyslexia brain" may be unique in other ways as well. In particular, the panel focused on complex nonverbal/spatial skills and correlated attributes such as career choice. The conclusion of the panel was that there is more to be learned about how people with dyslexia reason spatially and how these qualities manifest in academic, personal, and career behaviors...
March 15, 2017: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298188/enrichment-activities-in-the-medical-school-psychiatry-programme-could-this-be-a-key-to-engaging-medical-students-in-psychiatry-a-study-from-a-high-secure-forensic-psychiatric-uk-hospital
#5
Anna-Marie Mortlock, Ignazio Puzzo, Sophie Taylor, Veena Kumari, Susan Young, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
BACKGROUND: The majority of research studies on medical student attitudes toward psychiatry focus on influencing factors and the medical school experience. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a one-day visit to a high secure forensic psychiatric unit on medical students' attitudes towards psychiatry and also assesses career intentions and the factors influencing these. METHOD: Change in attitudes and career intention were measured by administering a questionnaire, which included the 30-item Attitudes Toward Psychiatry (ATP-30) survey, at the start (time 1) and end (time 2) of the one-day visit...
March 16, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295461/what-do-uk-medical-students-value-most-in-their-careers-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#6
Jennifer A Cleland, Peter Johnston, Verity Watson, Nicolas Krucien, Diane Skåtun
CONTEXT: Many individual- and job-related factors are known to influence medical careers decision making. Previous research has extensively studied medical trainees' (residents') and students' views of the factors that are important. However, how trainees and students trade off these factors at times of important careers-related decision making is under-researched. Information about trade-offs is crucial to the development of effective policies to enhance the recruitment and retention of junior doctors...
March 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290338/barriers-and-incentives-for-choosing-to-specialise-in-mammography-qualitative-analysis
#7
H M Warren-Forward, J Taylor
AIM: There is a projected shortage of radiographers working in breast screening and this study aimed to examine comments from open response questions from a mixed methods survey of current diagnostic radiography students on their perceptions of working in mammography. METHOD: The survey asked three open ended questions: Justification of choice of modality in which they would want to specialise, why they believed there was a shortage of radiographers working in breast screening and any other comment about mammography...
February 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289854/seekers-finders-settlers-and-stumblers-identifying-the-career-paths-of-males-in-the-genetic-counseling-profession
#8
Anthony Chen, Pat McCarthy Veach, Cheri Schoonveld, Heather Zierhut
Genetic counseling is a female-dominated profession, with 96% of counselors self-identifying as female. Research suggests gender diversification benefits healthcare professionals and the populations they serve. Therefore, this study explored how men choose a genetic counseling career, associations between career satisfaction and their career entry dynamics and experience levels, and differences due to experience level in how they decide on this profession. Twenty-five novice, experienced, or seasoned male counselors and 8 male genetic counseling students participated in semi-structured phone interviews...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289015/trends-in-attractiveness-of-general-practice-as-a-career-surveys-of-views-of-uk-trained-doctors
#9
Trevor W Lambert, Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre
BACKGROUND: It is current UK policy to expand the numbers of newly qualified doctors entering training to become GPs, to meet increased demand. AIM: To report on trends in young doctors' views on the attractiveness of general practice as a career, compared with hospital practice. DESIGN AND SETTING: Questionnaire surveys in the UK. METHOD: Surveys of doctors, 3 years after graduation, conducted in successive year-of-qualification cohorts between 1999 and 2015...
March 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284367/-career-satisfaction-of-german-medical-residents-after-four-years-of-training
#10
Farina Römer, Stine Ziegler, Martin Scherer, Hendrik van den Bussche
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate German residents' career satisfaction and its dependency on intrinsic and extrinsic factors after four years of postgraduate training. Gender, parental status, training conditions and specialty choice were of particular interest. METHODS: Postal questionnaires were sent to medical graduates from seven different German faculties annually, starting in 2009. This paper presents cross-sectional data of domestic, working and training conditions four years after graduation...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277486/adult-quality-of-life-postcleft-palate-repair-a-comparison-of-two-techniques
#11
Rachel Skladman, Lynn Marty Grames, Gary Skolnick, Dennis C Nguyen, Sybill D Naidoo, Kamlesh B Patel, Jeffrey L Marsh, Albert S Woo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In 1989, the Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal published the first randomized prospective cleft surgery study, comparing the Kriens intravelar veloplasty (IVV) with a non-IVV 2-flap repair. Results in that and follow-up publications yielded no difference between the 2 groups for need for secondary velopharyngeal management. The subjects have now reached adulthood. This study was designed to ask: Is there any difference between the groups in the outcomes that multidisciplinary team care addresses: speech intelligibility, facial growth, breathing while awake and asleep, attainment of education, and long-term socioeconomic status? METHODS: Enrollees from the original published study were invited to participate in a survey...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270705/dental-specialty-career-preferences-and-their-influencing-factors-among-final-year-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Hassan Suliman Halawany, Abdullah Salman Binassfour, Waleed Khalid AlHassan, Rami Ayed Alhejaily, Nassr Al Maflehi, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate evolving trends in dental post graduate specialty preferences and career aspirations among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among final year dental students from seventeen universities in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire enquired about socio-demographic details and the ranking of three of their best preferences among the list of specialties/general dentistry and career options...
January 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270407/impact-of-elective-versus-required-medical-school-research-experiences-on-career-outcomes
#13
Alice N Weaver, Tyler R McCaw, Matthew Fifolt, Lisle Hites, Robin G Lorenz
Many US medical schools have added a scholarly or research requirement as a potential intervention to increase the number of medical students choosing to become academic physicians and physician scientists. We designed a retrospective qualitative survey study to evaluate the impact of medical school research at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) on career choices. A survey tool was developed consisting of 74 possible questions with built-in skip patterns to customize the survey to each participant...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267629/career-choice-and-perceptions-of-nursing-among-healthcare-students-in-higher-educational-institutions
#14
Sok Ying Liaw, Ling Ting Wu, Yeow Leng Chow, Siriwan Lim, Khoon Kiat Tan
BACKGROUND: Due to the ageing population and competition from other healthcare courses, a greater demand in the healthcare workforce has made it challenging for educational institutions to attract school leavers to enter nursing courses. Understanding the considerations of students who have chosen non-nursing healthcare courses and their perceptions of nursing can help identify specific strategies to enhance the attractiveness of nursing course. This study aims to examine the differences between healthcare career choices and perceptions of nursing as a career choice among first-year non-nursing healthcare students...
February 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247365/impact-of-educational-experience-on-attitudes-toward-mental-illness-and-career-choice
#15
EDITORIAL
Richard Balon, Mary K Morreale, Anthony P S Guerrero, Eugene V Beresin, Adam Brenner, John H Coverdale, Alan K Louie, Laura Weiss Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246097/exposure-of-undergraduates-to-authentic-gp-teaching-and-subsequent-entry-to-gp-training-a-quantitative-study-of-uk-medical-schools
#16
Hugh Alberti, Hannah L Randles, Alex Harding, Robert K McKinley
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the quantity of exposure to general practice teaching at medical school is associated with future choice of a career as a GP. AIM: To examine the relationship between general practice exposure at medical school and the percentage of each school's graduates appointed to a general practice training programme after foundation training (postgraduate years 1 and 2). DESIGN AND SETTING: A quantitative study of 29 UK medical schools...
February 28, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242169/an-analysis-of-future-publications-career-choices-and-practice-characteristics-of-research-presenters-at-an-american-college-of-surgeons-state-conference-a-15-year-review
#17
Humera F Ahmad, Benjamin T Jarman, Kara J Kallies, Stephen B Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires scholarly activity within general surgery residency programs. The association between in-training research presentations and postgraduation publications is unknown. We hypothesized that surgical trainee presentations at an American College of Surgeons (ACS) state chapter meeting resulted in peer-reviewed publications and future scholarly activity. DESIGN: The ACS Wisconsin state chapter meeting agendas from 2000 to 2014 were reviewed to identify all trainees who delivered podium presentations...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241867/securing-an-otl-hns-residency-how-competitive-is-it-comparing-medical-student-perceptions-to-actual-canadian-statistics
#18
E Kay-Rivest, N Varma, G M Scott, J J Manoukian, M Desrosiers, J P Vaccani, L H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The residency match is an important event in an aspiring physician's career. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (OTL-HNS) is a surgical specialty that has enjoyed high numbers of applicants to its residency programs. However, recent trends in Canada show a decline in first-choice applicants to several surgical fields. Factors thought to influence a medical student's choice include role models, career opportunities and work-life balance. The notion of perceived competitiveness is a factor that has not yet been explored...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236053/almost-psychiatry-the-impact-of-teaching-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-studies-to-undergraduate-college-students
#19
Ursula Diamond, Christina A Di Bartolo, Emily Badin, Jess P Shatkin
OBJECTIVE: The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies (CAMS) program is housed in a Liberal Arts undergraduate college of a large research university. Psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and social workers at the university's medical center teach the courses. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which CAMS encourages graduates of the program to pursue a career in child and adolescent mental health (CAMH). METHODS: In 2015-2016, graduates of the CAMS program were invited to participate in a mixed methods study...
February 24, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230438/the-influence-of-placements-on-adult-nursing-graduates-choice-of-first-post
#20
Mark Wareing, Renate Taylor, Aileen Wilson, Adrienne Sharples
BACKGROUND: This article presents findings from a study that sought to explore the extent to which clinical placements have an impact on nursing students' decisions regarding their first staff nurse post. Within the UK, nursing is facing a recruitment crisis with particular difficulty recruiting to areas such as primary care and care of older people. Transitioning into a new role is challenging in any occupation, but it is a particular problem in nursing where the realities of professional practice often differ from students' perception of the staff nurse role as shaped by their clinical placements...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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