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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812834/cost-effectiveness-of-rural-incentive-packages-for-graduating-medical-students-in-lao-pdr
#1
Eric Keuffell, Wanda Jaskiewicz, Khampasong Theppanya, Kate Tulenko
BACKGROUND: The dearth of health workers in rural settings in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) and other developing countries limits healthcare access and outcomes. In evaluating non-wage financial incentive packages as a potential policy option to attract health workers to rural settings, understanding the expected costs and effects of the various programs ex ante can assist policy-makers in selecting the optimal incentive package. METHODS: We use discrete choice experiments (DCEs), costing analyses and recent empirical results linking health worker density and health outcomes to estimate the future location decisions of physicians and determine the cost-effectiveness of 15 voluntary incentives packages for new physicians in Lao PDR...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797276/preventive-medicine-as-a-first-or-second-choice-course-a-cross-sectional-survey-into-students-motivational-differences-and-implications-for-information-provision
#2
Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Karen D Könings, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Pamela Wright, Hoat Ngoc Luu, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer
BACKGROUND: Challenges in recruiting and retaining medical staff in preventive medical specialties have recently been the subject of numerous studies. To improve selection procedures, it is important to understand the career preferences and incentives of students in preventive medicine (PM), who initially marked the program as either their first choice or second choice. 1386 PM students in four Vietnamese medical schools participated in a survey using a structured, written questionnaire...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792333/act-now-to-prevent-more-nurses-leaving-the-profession
#3
Crystal Oldman
Nurses have more career choices than ever before, with practitioners moving into commissioning roles, residential and social care, as well as between NHS providers.
August 9, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783863/-the-educational-situation-of-young-chest-physicians-reasons-for-choosing-pneumology-as-specialization-and-assessment-of-carreer-relevant-aspects-by-gender-and-occupational-situation
#4
Lucia Christians, Regina Prenzel
Pneumology is one of the medical areas suffering a lot from young doctors shortage. However, there is an increasing number of young female academics - independent of specialty - whose successful medical career is blocked by internal and external reasons. At the 56th DGP congress (German Society for Pneumology) we did a survey on 358 participating chest physicians in order to identify the career promoting and the career restraining reasons and the relevant aspects regarding the specialty choice of pneumology...
August 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776484/effect-of-rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-on-negative-career-thoughts-of-students-in-technical-colleges-in-nigeria
#5
Theresa Chinyere Ogbuanya, Chiedu Eseadi, Chibueze Tobias Orji, Joy I Anyanwu, Moses Onyemaechi Ede, Jimoh Bakare
Negative career thoughts are cognitive barriers that interfere with an individual's career decision-making and successful career development. The current study examined the effect of rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT) on negative career thoughts of students in technical colleges in Nigeria. The study utilized a pretest-posttest control group design. One hundred and seventy-three participants from technical colleges in the Southeast zone of the country completed a measure of career thoughts at pretest, posttreatment, and follow-up: the College Students' Career Thoughts Scale...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771876/i-was-yelled-at-intimidated-and-treated-unfairly-nursing-students-experiences-of-being-bullied-in-clinical-and-academic-settings
#6
Helen Courtney-Pratt, Jacqueline Pich, Tracy Levett-Jones, Annette Moxey
AIM: To present findings from a study that explored nursing students' experiences of bullying in clinical and academic settings, the strategies used to negotiate bullying, and recommendations for empowering future students. BACKGROUND: Nursing students are identified as a group who are at particular risk of bullying. Numerous studies have examined students' experiences of bullying in clinical contexts by qualified nurses, however, there has been far less attention to the bullying that occurs in academic settings where the perpetrators are university staff and other students...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768712/factors-influencing-the-reporting-of-adverse-medical-device-events-qualitative-interviews-with-physicians-about-higher-risk-implantable-devices
#7
Anna R Gagliardi, Ariel Ducey, Pascale Lehoux, Thomas Turgeon, Sue Ross, Patricia Trvovich, Anthony Easty, Chaim Bell, David Urbach
BACKGROUND: Postmarket surveillance of medical devices is reliant on physician reporting of adverse medical device events (AMDEs). Little is known about factors that influence whether and how physicians report AMDEs, an essential step in developing behaviour change interventions. This study explored factors that influence AMDE reporting. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with physicians who differed by specialties that implant cardiovascular and orthopaedic devices prone to AMDEs, geography and years in practice...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767491/medical-student-perceptions-of-global-surgery-at-an-academic-institution-identifying-gaps-in-global-health-education
#8
Ambar Mehta, Tim Xu, Matthew Murray, Kathleen M Casey
PURPOSE: Robust global health demands access to safe, affordable, timely surgical care for all. The long-term success of global surgery requires medical students to understand and engage with this emerging field. The authors characterized medical students' perceptions of surgical care relative to other fields within global health. METHOD: An optional, anonymous survey was given to all Johns Hopkins medical students from February to March 2016 to assess perceptions of surgical care and its role in global health...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762990/factors-that-influence-a-physician-assistant-associate-student-career-choice-an-exploratory-study-of-students-from-the-united-states-and-united-kingdom
#9
Denise Rizzolo, David R Leonard, Scott L Massey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761889/the-effect-of-gender-bias-on-medical-students-and-career-choices-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Akanksha Garg, Anuradha Bhide
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757429/women-s-career-choices-in-radiology-in-france
#11
N Pyatigorskaya, M Madson, L Di Marco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the possible effects of gender on residents' and fellows' motivations in choosing radiology as a career in France, and on choosing a practice setting later on. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An online survey was sent to French residents and fellows in order to access their radiology practice and career aspirations, as well as the potential influence of their gender. Influence of being a woman on initial professional expectations, professional choices, and the evolution of career paths was investigated using the chi-square test...
July 27, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754157/why-did-you-choose-psychiatry-a-qualitative-study-of-psychiatry-trainees-investigating-the-impact-of-psychiatry-teaching-at-medical-school-on-career-choice
#12
A Appleton, S Singh, N Eady, M Buszewicz
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus regarding the optimal content of the undergraduate psychiatry curriculum as well as factors contributing to young doctors choosing a career in psychiatry. Our aim was to explore factors which had influenced psychiatry trainees' attitudes towards mental health and career choice. METHOD: Qualitative in-depth interviews with 21 purposively sampled London psychiatry trainees analysed using the Framework method. RESULTS: Early exposure and sufficient time in undergraduate psychiatry placements were important in influencing psychiatry as a career choice and positive role models were often very influential...
July 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754058/the-impact-of-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-education-on-graduates-in-the-central-philippines-implications-for-the-global-rural-medical-workforce
#13
J L Siega-Sur, T Woolley, S J Ross, C Reeve, A-J Neusy
INTRODUCTION: Developing and retaining a high quality medical workforce, especially within low-resource countries has been a world-wide challenge exacerbated by a lack of medical schools, the maldistribution of doctors towards urban practice, health system inequities, and training doctors in tertiary centers rather than in rural communities. AIM: To describe the impact of socially-accountable health professional education on graduates; specifically: their motivation towards community-based service, preparation for addressing local priority health issues, career choices, and practice location...
July 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751786/political-motivations-for-intra-european-migration
#14
Susanne Bygnes, Aurore Flipo
Motivations for migrating within the European Union have mainly been attributed to economic, career and lifestyle choices. This article suggests that political dissatisfaction is also an important motivator of recent intra-European migration. In our analysis of in-depth interviews with Romanian migrants in Spain and with Spanish migrants in Norway, we found a common emphasis on the political dimensions of their decision to migrate. In the interviews, the economic component of migration was often related to bad governance and negative perceptions of the state...
August 2017: Acta Sociologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751489/common-attributes-in-retired-professional-cricketers-that-may-enhance-or-hinder-quality-of-life-after-retirement-a-qualitative-study
#15
Stephanie R Filbay, Felicity Bishop, Nicholas Peirce, Mary E Jones, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: Retired professional cricketers shared unique experiences and may possess specific psychological attributes with potential to influence quality of life (QOL). Additionally, pain and osteoarthritis can be common in retired athletes which may negatively impact QOL. However, QOL in retired athletes is poorly understood. This study explores the following questions from the personal perspective of retired cricketers: How do retired cricketers perceive and experience musculoskeletal pain and function in daily life? Are there any psychological attributes that might enhance or hinder retired cricketers' QOL? DESIGN: A qualitative study using semistructured interviews, which were subject to inductive, thematic analysis...
July 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743692/an-idea-for-enhancing-undergraduate-research-at-rural-primarily-undergraduate-institutions
#16
Donald A Sens, Karen L Cisek, Pat Conway, Van A Doze
This study documents the efforts of the North Dakota (ND) IDeA Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) program to assist in the development of undergraduate research programs at four state-supported primarily undergraduate institutions (PUIs) in ND. The study was initiated in the 2004-2005 academic year and continues to the present. The study shows that gaining initial institutional support for undergraduate research was assisted by providing salary support for faculty involved in undergraduate research...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743255/aspirations-to-become-an-anaesthetist-longitudinal-study-of-historical-trends-and-trajectories-of-uk-qualified-doctors-early-career-choices-and-of-factors-that-have-influenced-their-choices
#17
Beatrice Emmanouil, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor W Lambert
BACKGROUND: It is important to inform medical educators and workforce planners in Anaesthesia about early career choices for the specialty, factors that influence them and to elucidate how recent choices of men and women doctors relate to the overall historical trends in the specialty's popularity. METHODS: We analysed longitudinal data on career choice, based on self-completed questionnaires, from national year-of-qualification cohorts of UK-trained doctors from 1974 to 2012 surveyed one, three and 5 years post-qualification...
July 25, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727693/a-cross-disciplinary-assessment-of-student-loans-debt-financial-support-for-study-and-career-preferences-upon-graduation
#18
Craig S Webster, Christopher Ling, Mark Barrow, Phillippa Poole, Marcus Henning
AIM: To explore relationships between student loans debt, financial support and career preferences upon graduation for all healthcare disciplines offered at the Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland. METHODS: The Faculty Tracking Project is a longitudinal study which invites students to complete a questionnaire at the beginning and end of their educational programmes, including questions on debt, financial support and career preference. Our analysis comprised three phases: (1) a descriptive analysis of data related to debt and financial support; (2) a principal component analysis in order to find related categories of career choice; and (3) logistic regression models to determine how career preference categories could be explained by either levels of student loans debt or financial support...
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716310/the-role-of-same-sex-mentorship-and-organizational-support-in-encouraging-women-to-pursue-surgery
#19
Erynne A Faucett, Hilary C McCrary, Tijana Milinic, Tania Hassanzadeh, Simin G Roward, Leigh A Neumayer
INTRODUCTION: While women represent approximately half of all medical students, only 38% of general surgery residents are women. The objective of this study is to explore how access to mentors and organizational support affects career choices. METHODS: In June of 2016, a survey was sent to medical students at a single institution (n = 472). Questions utilized a 5-point Likert scale. A two-sample t-test was used to evaluate data. RESULTS: A total of 160 students participated in the survey...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697782/exploring-intentions-of-physician-scientist-trainees-factors-influencing-md-and-md-phd-interest-in-research-careers
#20
Jennifer M Kwan, Dania Daye, Mary Lou Schmidt, Claudia Morrissey Conlon, Hajwa Kim, Bilwaj Gaonkar, Aimee S Payne, Megan Riddle, Sharline Madera, Alexander J Adami, Kate Quinn Winter
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have described the career paths of physician-scientist candidates after graduation, but the factors that influence career choices at the candidate stage remain unclear. Additionally, previous work has focused on MD/PhDs, despite many physician-scientists being MDs. This study sought to identify career sector intentions, important factors in career selection, and experienced and predicted obstacles to career success that influence the career choices of MD candidates, MD candidates with research-intense career intentions (MD-RI), and MD/PhD candidates...
July 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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