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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730631/attractiveness-of-working-in-home-care-an-online-focus-group-study-among-nurses
#1
Kim De Groot, Erica E M Maurits, Anneke L Francke
Many western countries are experiencing a substantial shortage of home-care nurses due to the increasing numbers of care-dependent people living at home. In-depth knowledge is needed about what home-care nurses find attractive about their work in order to make recommendations for the recruitment and retention of home-care nursing staff. The aims of this explorative, qualitative study were to gain in-depth knowledge about which aspects home-care nurses find attractive about their work and to explore whether these aspects vary for home-care nurses with different levels of education...
July 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729315/sequence-analysis-to-assess-labour-market-participation-following-vocational-rehabilitation-an-observational-study-among-patients-sick-listed-with-low-back-pain-from-a-randomised-clinical-trial-in-denmark
#2
Louise Lindholdt, Merete Labriola, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Trine Allerslev Horsbøl, Thomas Lund
INTRODUCTION: The return-to-work (RTW) process after long-term sickness absence is often complex and long and implies multiple shifts between different labour market states for the absentee. Standard methods for examining RTW research typically rely on the analysis of one outcome measure at a time, which will not capture the many possible states and transitions the absentee can go through. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential added value of sequence analysis in supplement to standard regression analysis of a multidisciplinary RTW intervention among patients with low back pain (LBP)...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728804/pharmacy-technician-self-efficacies-insight-to-aid-future-education-staff-development-and-workforce-planning
#3
Shane P Desselle, Ryan Hoh, Erin R Holmes, Amanpreet Gill, Lemuel Zamora
BACKGROUND: The roles of pharmacy technicians are increasingly prominent given pharmacy's transition to patient-centered activities and evolving scopes of practice in many U.S. states and throughout the world. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess U.S. pharmacy technicians' self-efficacies for and attitudes toward performing current and emerging roles in hospital and in community pharmacy and to identify factors related to pharmacy technician self-efficacies in these roles...
July 15, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727670/effect-of-psychosocial-and-vocational-interventions-on-return-to-work-rates-post-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#4
Lisa OʼBrien, Sonal Wallace, Lorena Romero
PURPOSE: To examine whether the effects of psychosocial and vocational interventions delivered in the first 3 mo post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are effective for improving work outcomes compared with other interventions. METHODS: A search was completed for English language publications up to March 2016 across 4 electronic databases and gray literature. Inclusion criteria were (1) psychosocial and/or vocational interventions; (2) adults 18 years or older with an AMI who were within the first 3 mo post-AMI; (3) randomized or clinically controlled trials; and (4) reporting of at least 1 return-to-work (RTW) outcome: including return to paid/unpaid employment, either full-time or part-time, to the previous job role or on modified duties...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725205/school-functioning-of-a-particularly-vulnerable-group-children-and-young-people-in-residential-child-care
#5
Carla González-García, Susana Lázaro-Visa, Iriana Santos, Jorge F Del Valle, Amaia Bravo
A large proportion of the children and young people in residential child care in Spain are there as a consequence of abuse and neglect in their birth families. Research has shown that these types of adverse circumstances in childhood are risk factors for emotional and behavioral problems, as well as difficulties in adapting to different contexts. School achievement is related to this and represents one of the most affected areas. Children in residential child care exhibit extremely poor performance and difficulties in school functioning which affects their transition to adulthood and into the labor market...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715408/potential-risk-factors-associated-with-human-alveolar-echinococcosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Franz J Conraths, Carolina Probst, Alessia Possenti, Belgees Boufana, Rosella Saulle, Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Busani, Adriano Casulli
BACKGROUND: Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a severe zoonotic disease caused by the metacestode stage of Echinococcus multilocularis. AE is commonly associated with a long incubation period that may last for more than ten years. The objective of this systematic literature review was to identify and summarize the current knowledge on statistically relevant potential risk factors (PRFs) associated with AE in humans. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Six bibliographic databases were searched, generating a total of 1,009 publications...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712410/achieving-self-sufficiency-training-australia-s-future-medical-workforce
#7
Brian Fernandes, Edward R Scheffer Cliff, Amelia Chowdhury
There is an oversupply of Australian junior doctors, but significant training bottlenecks are developing, and geographical maldistribution in rural and remote areas remains. Last year, the Federal Minister for Immigration rejected a Department of Health recommendation for the removal of 41 health roles from the Skilled Occupation List after concerns that rural and regional communities would be left without access to medical services in areas currently serviced by international medical graduates. In an effort to achieve workforce self-sufficiency, Australia must ensure access to high-quality vocational training places in rural and regional settings while managing immigration of overseas-trained health professionals...
July 17, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707850/the-virtues-of-scientific-practice-macintyre-virtue-ethics-and-the-historiography-of-science
#8
Daniel J Hicks, Thomas A Stapleford
“Practice” has become a ubiquitous term in the history of science, and yet historians have not always reflected on its philosophical import and in particular on its potential connections with ethics. This essay draws on the work of the virtue ethicist Alasdair MacIntyre to develop a theory of “communal practices” and explore how such an approach can inform the history of science, including allegations about the corruption of science by wealth or power, consideration of scientific ethics or “moral economies,” the role of values in science, the ethical distinctiveness (or not) of scientific vocations, and the relationship between history of science and the practice of science itself...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701127/changes-in-pathology-test-ordering-by-early-career-general-practitioners-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Parker J Magin, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Kim Henderson, Elizabeth G Holliday, Andrew R Davey, Jean Ball, Nigel F Catzikiris, Katie J Mulquiney, Mieke L van Driel
OBJECTIVE: To assess the number of pathology tests ordered by general practice registrars during their first 18-24 months of clinical general practice. DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis of ten rounds of data collection (2010-2014) for the Registrar Clinical Encounters in Training (ReCEnT) study, an ongoing, multicentre, cohort study of general practice registrars in Australia. The principal analysis employed negative binomial regression in a generalised estimating equations framework (to account for repeated measures on registrars)...
July 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695240/-vocational-policy-bridge-between-science-and-daily-medical-practice
#10
EDITORIAL
Axel Schroeder, Tilman Kälble, Wolfgang Bühmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693753/direct-and-indirect-associations-between-dysfunctional-attitudes-self-stigma-hopefulness-and-social-inclusion-in-young-people-experiencing-psychosis
#11
Clio Berry, Kathryn Greenwood
OBJECTIVE: Social inclusion and vocational activity are central to personal recovery for young people with psychosis. Studies with people experiencing long term psychosis suggest negative self-beliefs are important, but less is known about whether this association is present for young service users or about the potential influence of positive self-beliefs such as hopefulness. The aim of the current paper was to investigate the direct and indirect associations between dysfunctional attitudes, self-stigma, hopefulness, social inclusion and vocational activity for young people with psychosis...
July 7, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691243/the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-prostate-cancer-and-their-spouses-before-treatment-compared-with-the-general-population
#12
Eeva Harju, Anja Rantanen, Marja Kaunonen, Mika Helminen, Taina Isotalo, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki
AIMS: To describe the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with prostate cancer and their spouses in comparison with the Finnish general population, using the RAND 36-Item Health Survey. An additional purpose was to describe the associations between the background variables of the participants and their HRQOL. BACKGROUND: The HRQOL of patients with prostate cancer and especially their spouses at the time of diagnosis is not well known. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689347/youth-s-causal-beliefs-about-success-socioeconomic-differences-and-prediction-of-early-career-development
#13
Joseph S Kay, Jacob Shane, Jutta Heckhausen
Youth's career attainment is associated with socioeconomic background, but may also be related to their beliefs about causes of success. Relationships between 17-year-olds' socioeconomic status (SES) and causal beliefs about success, and whether these beliefs predict career attainment after completing a vocational or university degree were examined using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (n = 997, 48.5% female). Youth with higher SES parents and those who attended higher levels of high schools were less likely to believe that success in society is due to external causes, but SES was unrelated to the belief that success is due to personal merit or ability...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685389/ssat-presidential-address-2017-passion-and-the-gi-surgeon
#14
Nathaniel J Soper
Gastrointestinal (GI) surgery is a dynamic, exciting field that has dramatically evolved over the past three decades. According to a survey of leaders in GI surgery, the development of minimally invasive surgery has been the most significant advance during this period of time. The author traces his pursuit of minimally invasive surgery and its impact on his career satisfaction. Discovering one's passion within surgery and developing "flow" during operative procedures is important to help prevent burnout. Surgical educators must transmit this sense of passion to their trainees such that they can understand the true meaning of the surgical vocation...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679439/minor-depression-in-older-long-term-unemployed-people-seeking-vocational-support
#15
Sabrina Pfeil, Katrin Holtz, Kathrin-Andrea Kopf, Ulrich Hegerl, Christine Rummel-Kluge
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of minor and major depression vary from 0.7 to 6.8 (minor) and 3.8 to 10.9 (major) for the general population. Twenty-two percent of older, long-term unemployed people suffer from major depression. However, the prevalence rate of minor depression (depression on a subthreshold level with less than 5, but more than 1 depression symptom) in this population is unknown. The first aim of this study is to identify that prevalence rate, because we already know that minor depression increases the risk of developing a major depression and this in turn reduces the chances of reemployment what increases social and individual costs at the same time...
July 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678833/bone-mass-of-female-dance-students-prior-to-professional-dance-training-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Tânia Amorim, George S Metsios, Matthew Wyon, Alan M Nevill, Andreas D Flouris, José Maia, Eduardo Teixeira, José Carlos Machado, Franklim Marques, Yiannis Koutedakis
BACKGROUND: Professional dancers are at risk of developing low bone mineral density (BMD). However, whether low BMD phenotypes already exist in pre-vocational dance students is relatively unknown. AIM: To cross-sectionally assess bone mass parameters in female dance students selected for professional dance training (first year vocational dance students) in relation to aged- and sex-matched controls. METHODS: 34 female selected for professional dance training (10...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677274/examining-the-effect-of-social-bonds-on-the-relationship-between-adhd-and-past-arrest-in-a-representative-sample-of-adults
#17
Mark van der Maas, Nathan J Kolla, Patricia G Erickson, Christine M Wickens, Robert E Mann, Evelyn Vingilis
BACKGROUND: Several studies have found a connection between attentional deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and criminal behaviour in clinical and prison samples of adults, but there is a lack of representative general population data on this. AIM: To test relationships between histories of ADHD and arrest. Our main research question was whether any such relationship is direct or best explained by co-occurring variables, especially indicators of social bonds. METHOD: Data were from a sample of 5,376 adults (18+) representative of the general population of Ontario, Canada...
July 5, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675322/assessing-vocational-outcome-expectancy-in-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-a-factor-analytic-approach
#18
Kanako Iwanaga, Emre Umucu, Jia-Rung Wu, Rana Yaghmaian, Hui-Ling Lee, Sandra Fitzgerald, Fong Chan
BACKGROUND: Self-determination theory (SDT) and self-efficacy theory (SET) can be used to conceptualize self-determined motivation to engage in mental health and vocational rehabilitation (VR) services and to predict recovery. To incorporate SDT and SET as a framework for vocational recovery, developing and validating SDT/SET measures in vocational rehabilitation is warranted. Outcome expectancy is an important SDT/SET variable affecting rehabilitation engagement and recovery. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to validate the Vocational Outcome Expectancy Scale (VOES) for use within the SDT/SET vocational recovery framework...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666296/-facilitating-processes-of-disintegration-instead-of-occupational-reintegration-a-qualitative-study-on-employer-involvement-in-rehabilitation
#19
Betje Schwarz, Timo Specht, Matthias Bethge
Purpose To explore the patient's perspective on the involvement of employers into rehabilitation. Methods 8 participants of a work-related medical rehabilitation were interviewed by telephone 4 weeks after discharge. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze generated data. Results Beside a poor employer-involvement, the interviews revealed that the process of returning to work was characterized and hampered by unused measures of supporting vocational reintegration during rehabilitation, intersection problems in the health care and social security system, and a strategy of waiting by all involved actors...
June 30, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662702/medical-advice-for-sick-reported-students-mass-in-intermediate-vocational-education-schools-design-of-a-controlled-before-and-after-study
#20
Madelon K Van der Vlis, Marjolein Lugtenberg, Yvonne T M Vanneste, Wenda Berends, Wico Mulder, Rienke Bannink, Amy Van Grieken, Hein Raat, Marlou L A de Kroon
BACKGROUND: School absenteeism, including medical absenteeism, is associated with early school dropout and may result in physical, mental, social and work-related problems in later life. Especially at intermediate vocational education schools, high rates of medical absenteeism are found. In 2012 the Dutch intervention 'Medical Advice for Sick-reported Students' (MASS), previously developed for pre-vocational secondary education, was adjusted for intermediate vocational education schools...
June 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
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