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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223799/association-between-housing-personal-capacity-factors-and-community-participation-among-persons-with-psychiatric-disabilities
#1
Philip T Yanos, Ana Stefancic, Mary Jane Alexander, Lauren Gonzales, Brianna Harney-Delehanty
There is a need to understand which housing and personal capacity factors facilitate and hinder maximum community participation among people with psychiatric disabilities. The present study examined housing and personal capacity factors associated with community participation in a large sample of persons with psychiatric disabilities living in the same neighborhoods (defined by specified zip codes). Three hundred and forty-three persons with psychiatric disabilities were recruited from congregate and independent scatter-site housing programs in 3 New York City-area neighborhoods with high concentrations of housing for persons with psychiatric disabilities...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223006/the-temple-star-transitional-model-of-care-for-epilepsy-the-outcome-of-a-quality-improvement-project
#2
Suzanne L Crowley, Susan Byrne, Sandra McNulty, Kim Keating, Therese Nestor, Yvonne Owen, Declan O'Rourke, Bryan Lynch, Amre Shahwan, Mary D King
OBJECTIVE: The aim and objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and views of parents on transitional and adolescent care in young adults with epilepsy, and to develop a transitional and adolescent program for epilepsy. METHODS: Data were collected from questionnaires completed by parents during focus groups exploring transitional care and inherent issues for young adults, aged 12-18years, with epilepsy. The questionnaire assessed the current knowledge and views of parents of children with epilepsy on transitional care, and following a presentation on "Transition in Epilepsy" (including themes such as self-advocacy, independent healthcare behavior, sexual health, psychosocial support, educational and vocational planning, health and lifestyle issues) assessed feedback on the proposed model of care in transitional and adolescent care...
December 6, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214128/a-clinic-based-assessment-for-evaluating-job-related-social-skills-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism
#3
Dorothea C Lerman, Bridgette White, Carolyn Grob, Courtney Laudont
Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulties obtaining and maintaining employment, yet little research has evaluated methods for assessing and improving critical vocational skills. In this study, we evaluated an assessment of job-related social skills for individuals with ASD by arranging conditions that simulated on-the-job experiences in a clinic setting. The experimenter contrived situations to assess a variety of social skills, including asking for help, asking for more materials, and responding to corrective feedback...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210462/vocational-rehabilitation-for-enhancing-return-to-work-in-workers-with-traumatic-upper-limb-injuries
#4
REVIEW
Wen-Hsuan Hou, Ching-Chi Chi, Heng-Lien Lo, Yun-Yun Chou, Ken N Kuo, Hung-Yi Chuang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic upper limb injury is a leading cause of work-related disability. After return-to-work (RTW), many survivors of injuries are able to regain a quality of life (QoL) comparable with the normal population. Since RTW plays an important role in economic productivity and regaining health-related QoL, enhancing RTW in workers with traumatic limb injuries is the primary goal of rehabilitation. Vocational rehabilitation has been commonly employed in the field of occupational safety and health to increase the number of injured people returning to the labour market, prevent illness, increase well-being, and reduce disability...
December 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204765/approaches-to-multidimensional-health-in-representations-of-islamic-themes-among-black-male-characters-in-american-film-and-television
#5
Kameron J Copeland
Historically, representations of Islamic themes in media narratives of Black men have been characterized by personal transformations in the midst of surviving in crime-ridden inner city areas. These young Black men are usually at-risk due to their statuses as Black, economically disadvantaged men. Beginning with Malcolm X and Alex Haley's The Autobiography of Malcolm X, the Black male Islamic redemption narrative has become a common theme in Black popular culture, as it is usually supplemented with unique methods of confronting the various dimensions of health...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197501/intuitive-physics-ability-in-systemizers-relies-on-differential-use-of-the-internalizing-system-and-long-term-spatial-representations
#6
Tapani Riekki, Juha Salmi, Annika M Svedholm-Häkkinen, Marjaana Lindeman
According to the Empathizing-Systemizing theory (E-S Theory), individual differences in how people understand the physical world (systemizing) and the social world (empathizing), are two continuums in the general population with several implications, from vocational interests to skills in the social and physical domains. The underlying mechanisms of intuitive physics performance among individuals with a strong systemizing and weak empathizing (systemizers) are, however, unknown. Our results affirm higher intuitive physics skills in healthy adult systemizers (N=36), and further reveal the brain mechanisms that are characteristic for those individuals in carrying out such tasks...
November 29, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197414/integrated-mental-health-care-and-vocational-rehabilitation-to-improve-return-to-work-rates-for-people-on-sick-leave-because-of-depression-and-anxiety-the-danish-ibbis-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Rie Poulsen, Andreas Hoff, Jonas Fisker, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are among the largest contributors to the global burden of disease and have negative effects on both the individual and society. Depression and anxiety are very likely to influence the individual's work ability, and up to 40% of the people on sick leave in Denmark have depression and/or anxiety. There is no clear evidence that treatment alone will provide sufficient support for vocational recovery in this group. Integrated vocational and health care services have shown good effects on return to work in other, similar welfare contexts...
December 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197404/integrated-mental-health-care-and-vocational-rehabilitation-to-improve-return-to-work-rates-for-people-on-sick-leave-because-of-exhaustion-disorder-adjustment-disorder-and-distress-the-danish-ibbis-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Rie Poulsen, Jonas Fisker, Andreas Hoff, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders are important contributors to the global burden of disease and cause negative effects on both the individual and society. Stress-related disorders influence the individual's workability and cause early retirement pensions in Denmark. There is no clear evidence that mental health care alone will provide sufficient support for vocational recovery for this group. Integrated vocational and health care services have shown good effects on return to work in other similar welfare contexts...
December 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197239/age-at-menarche-in-polish-university-students-born-before-during-and-after-world-war-ii-economic-effects
#9
Grażyna Liczbińska, Zbigniew Czapla, Janusz Piontek, Robert M Malina
Although the relationships between economic conditions and biological variables over the past two centuries in Poland are reasonably well-documented, the influence of economic and political disruptions, including nutritional privation, during the years immediately before, during and shortly after World War II (WWII) has received less attention. This paper considers the association between age at menarche and body size of university students born before, during and after WWII and father's level of education, a commonly used indicator of family economic status in Poland...
November 21, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194905/mental-health-nurses-and-mental-health-peer-workers-self-perceptions-of-role-related-clinical-competences
#10
Bart Debyser, Veerle Duprez, Dimitri Beeckman, Joeri Vandewalle, Ann Van Hecke, Eddy Deproost, Sofie Verhaeghe
In a mental healthcare that embraces a recovery-oriented practice, the employment of mental health peer workers is encouraged. Although peer workers are increasingly working together with nurses, there is a lack of research that explores how nurses and peer workers perceive their role-related competences in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to clarify and understand these self-perceptions in order to identify the specificity and potential complementarity of both roles. This insight is needed to underpin a successful partnership between both vocations...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193014/information-barriers-and-social-stratification-in-higher-education-evidence-from-a-field-experiment
#11
Giovanni Abbiati, Gianluca Argentin, Carlo Barone, Antonio Schizzerotto
Our contribution assesses the role of information barriers for patterns of participation in Higher Education (HE) and the related social inequalities. For this purpose, we developed a large-scale clustered randomised experiment involving over 9,000 high school seniors from 62 Italian schools. We designed a counseling intervention to correct student misperceptions of the profitability of HE, that is, the costs, economic returns and chances of success of investments in different tertiary programs. We employed a longitudinal survey to test whether treated students' educational trajectories evolved differently relative to a control group...
November 29, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189108/return-to-work-after-young-stroke-a-systematic-review
#12
Jodi D Edwards, Arunima Kapoor, Elizabeth Linkewich, Richard H Swartz
Background The incidence of stroke in young adults is increasing. While many young survivors are able to achieve a good physical recovery, subtle dysfunction in other domains, such as cognition, often persists, and could affect return to work. However, reported estimates of return to work and factors affecting vocational outcome post-stroke vary greatly. Aims The aims of this systematic review were to determine the frequency of return to work at different time points after stroke and identify predictors of return to work...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188780/dizocilpine-induced-psychosis-like-behavior-in-rats-a-possible-animal-model-with-full-spectrum-of-schizophrenia
#13
Sidrah Shahzad, Saara Ahmad, Syeda Madiha, Saima Khaliq, Laraib Liaquat, Sadia Sadir, Sahar Rafiq, Saiqa Tabassum, Zehra Batool, Saida Haider
Schizophrenia (SZ) is categorized as neuropsychiatric disorder with reduced lifespan and significant impairments in social and vocational functioning. One of the best proposed pharmacological animal models is dizocilpine, as it can mimic the full spectrum of schizophrenic disorder including positive and negative symptoms along with cognitive deficits. Dizocilpine is N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist known to induce hyper-locomotion and stereotyped behavior in rodents. Present study was designed to develop an animal model of SZ via intraperitoneal administration of dizocilpine in rats (100-150g) at a dose of 0...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185206/reciprocal-associations-between-educational-identity-and-vocational-identity-in-adolescence-a-three-wave-longitudinal-investigation
#14
Oana Negru-Subtirica, Eleonora Ioana Pop
Education and vocation are core identity domains in adolescence. School is a normative social context in this developmental time frame and the formation of an educational identity is embedded in the goals that youth pursue in school. One of the main goals of education is to prepare young people for their future careers. Hence, educational identity should support the formation of vocational identity during adolescence. Considering the limited evidence on the longitudinal links between these two domain-specific identities, we conducted a three-wave investigation, testing the moderating role of age group, gender, and type of school...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183101/-the-significance-of-work-motivation-for-rehabilitation-success
#15
Franziska Kessemeier, Christiane Stöckler, Franz Petermann, Markus Bassler, Wolfgang Pfeiffer, Axel Kobelt
Aim of this study Apart from the reduction of symptoms and the restoration of working ability, return to work is a long-term goal of medical rehabilitation. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of work motivation on the outcome of rehabilitation. Methods The data basis consists of N=998 patients at the psychosomatic department of the Oberharz Rehabilitation Center as well as data from insurance accounts. Using multiple linear regression analysis the predictive power of work motivation on rehabilitation outcome as well as different facets of work motivation in their function as predictors are analyzed...
November 28, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183040/oncological-rehabilitation
#16
Oliver Rick, Timm Dauelsberg, Eva-Maria Kalusche-Bontemps
An increasing number of patients are living with or surviving cancer due to improvements in detection and treatment. However, patients who survive cancer may experience functional disabilities that impact on health, quality of life and ability to work. For example, physical disorders may include fatigue, reduced muscle strength, cognitive dysfunction, paresthesia or nutrition problems, while mental symptoms may include anxiety, depression, fear of relapse or insomnia. Multidimensional oncological rehabilitation programs have been developed to address these disabilities and to help cancer patients and long-term survivors to reduce morbidity and to improve quality of life...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182029/strategies-to-keep-working-among-workers-with-common-mental-disorders-a-grounded-theory-study
#17
Louise Danielsson, Mikael Elf, Gunnel Hensing
PURPOSE: Most people with common mental disorders (CMDs) are employed and working, but few studies have looked into how they manage their jobs while ill. This study explores workers' experiences of strategies to keep working while suffering from CMDs. METHODS: In this grounded theory study, we interviewed 19 women and eight men with depression or anxiety disorders. They were 19-65 years old and had different occupations. Constant comparison method was used in the analysis...
November 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178641/pediatric-healthcare-costs-for-patients-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#18
Peter Benn, Sushma Iyengar, Terrence Blaine Crowley, Elaine H Zackai, Evanette K Burrows, Solomon Moshkevich, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, Kathleen E Sullivan, Zachary Demko
BACKGROUND: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is a variably expressed disorder that can include cardiac, palate, and other physical abnormalities, immunodeficiency, and hypocalcemia. Because of the extreme variability in phenotype, there has been no available estimate of the total medical expenditure associated with the average case. METHODS: We have developed a model to estimate the cost from the time of diagnosis to age 20. Costs were based on patients seen at a specialty center but also considered those components of care expected to have been provided by external healthcare facilities...
November 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175638/links-between-gendered-leisure-time-in-childhood-and-adolescence-and-gendered-occupational-aspirations
#19
Bora Lee, Olivenne D Skinner, Susan M McHale
The world of work remains gender-segregated, and research is needed to identify factors that may give rise to women's and men's vocational choices. This study explored bidirectional relations between youth's gendered career aspirations and the proportions of youth's leisure time spent in stereotypically gendered activities and gendered social contexts. Participants were 203 youth (52% girls) from predominantly white, working and middle class families living in the US, who reported on their occupational aspirations and gendered interests in home interviews and on their daily activities in a series of 7 nightly phone interviews on two occasions, in middle childhood (Mage = 10...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174951/vocational-training-and-employability-evaluation-evidence-from-romania
#20
Madalina Ecaterina Popescu, Monica Roman
This study evaluates the direct effects of vocational training, which is a popular active labour market policy in a European developing country such as Romania. Since the available official statistical microdata were insufficient to conduct reliable impact evaluations, the main findings were obtained through a counterfactual impact evaluation using newly produced micro survey data. Moreover, the research provides a heterogeneity analysis of groups of trainees, in order to identify the categories for which the programme performs best...
November 20, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
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