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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903412/long-term-employment-among-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#1
Jack Cotter, Ashleigh Lin, Richard J Drake, Andrew Thompson, Barnaby Nelson, Patrick McGorry, Stephen J Wood, Alison R Yung
BACKGROUND: Psychotic disorders are associated with high rates of sustained unemployment, however, little is known about the long-term employment outcome of people at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis. We sought to investigate the long-term unemployment rate and baseline predictors of employment status at follow-up in a large UHR cohort. METHOD: 268 UHR patients recruited from the Personal Assessment and Crisis Evaluation clinic in Melbourne, Australia were followed-up over 2-14years after initial presentation to the service...
November 27, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900190/prospective-12-month-functional-and-vocational-outcomes-of-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-as-part-of-an-evidence-based-hip-pain-rehabilitation-pathway-in-an-active-military-population
#2
A N Bennett, J Nixon, A Roberts, R Barker-Davies, R Villar, J M Houghton
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is common with an estimated prevalence of 10-15% among young active individuals. The natural history of the disorder is progression to early osteoarthritis. Hip arthroscopy is recommended if conservative treatments fail; however, outcomes are unclear, particularly in highly active populations. AIM: To evaluate the functional and vocational outcome of hip arthroscopy, as part of an evidence-based rehabilitation hip pain pathway, for the treatment of FAI in an active military population...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896564/children-s-gender-typed-toy-interests-does-propulsion-matter
#3
Lisa M Dinella, Erica S Weisgram, Megan Fulcher
Children's toy play is at the foundation of child development. However, gender differentiation in early play experiences may result in gender differences in cognitive abilities, social interactions, and vocational choices. We investigated gender-typing of toys and toys' propulsive properties (e.g., wheels, forward motion) as possible factors impacting children's toy interests, perceptions of other children's interests, and children's actual toy choices during free play. In Studies 1 and 2, 82 preschool children (42 boys, 40 girls; mean age = 4...
November 28, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893311/more-job-services-better-employment-outcomes-increasing-job-attainment-for-people-with-idd
#4
Derek Nord
Job search, job placement, and on-the-job supports are valuable services provided to many people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) to obtain work in the community. Investigating those who were unemployed at the time of service entry, this study seeks to extend understanding about the effect of services. Using extant data, a sample of 39,277 people with IDD using Vocational Rehabilitation services were studied to understand the potential cumulative effects of these job-related services and individual characteristics on job attainment...
December 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889604/suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-medical-college-students-in-china-the-effect-of-their-parental-characteristics
#5
Long Sun, Chengchao Zhou, Lingzhong Xu, Shixue Li, Fanlei Kong, Jie Chu
Medical college students are a high-risk population of suicidal ideation, plan and attempt. However, few studies discuss the effect of parental characteristics on suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among medical college students in China. A total of 2198 respondents answered the questionnaires referring social-demographic characteristics, psychological conditions, parental characteristics, suicidal ideation, plan and attempt. The prevalence of suicidal ideation, plan and attempt among the subjects were 17...
November 18, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889581/handling-of-hazardous-drugs-effect-of-an-innovative-teaching-session-for-nursing-students
#6
Janine Zimmer, Stefanie Hartl, Katrin Standfuß, Till Möhn, Astrid Bertsche, Roberto Frontini, Martina P Neininger, Thilo Bertsche
BACKGROUND: Imparting knowledge and practical skills in hazardous drug handling in nursing students' education is essential to prevent hazardous exposure and to preserve nurses' health. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at comparing routine nursing education with an additional innovative teaching session. DESIGN: A prospective controlled study in nursing students was conducted in two study periods: (i) a status-quo period (routine education on handling hazardous drugs) followed by (ii) an intervention period (additional innovative teaching session on handling hazardous drugs)...
November 13, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884479/a-pilot-training-program-for-people-in-recovery-of-mental-illness-as-vocational-peer-support-workers-in-hong-kong-job-buddies-training-program-jbtp-a-preliminary-finding
#7
Kevin Kei Nang Yam, William Tak Lam Lo, Rose Lai Ping Chiu, Bien Shuk Yin Lau, Charles Ka Shing Lau, Jen Kei Yu Wu, Siu Man Wan
OBJECTIVES: The present study reviews the delivery of a pilot curriculum-mentorship-based peer vocational support workers training in a Hong Kong public psychiatric hospital. The present paper reports (1) on the development of a peer vocational support workers training - Job Buddies Training Program (JBTP) in Hong Kong; and (2) preliminary findings from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. METHOD: The curriculum consists of 15-session coursework, 8-session storytelling workshop and 50-hour practicum to provide Supported Employment Peer Service (SEPS) under the mentorship of occupational therapists...
October 24, 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881531/burnout-prevalence-in-new-zealand-s-public-hospital-senior-medical-workforce-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#8
Charlotte N L Chambers, Christopher M A Frampton, Murray Barclay, Martin McKee
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence of, and associated factors contributing to burnout among senior doctors and dentists working in the New Zealand's public health system. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, mixed methods study. SETTING: New Zealand's 20 district health boards (DHBs). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1487 of 3740 senior doctors and dentists who are members of the Association of Salaried Medical Specialists working in DHBs were recruited (response rate 40%)...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873453/does-improvement-of-cognitive-functioning-by-cognitive-remediation-therapy-effect-work-outcomes-in-severe-mental-illness-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Emi Ikebuchi, Sayaka Sato, Sosei Yamaguchi, Michiyo Shimodaira, Ayano Taneda, Norifumi Hatsuse, Yukako Watanabe, Masuhiro Sakata, Naoko Satake, Masaaki Nishio, Jun-Ichiro Ito
AIM: The aim of this study is to clarify whether improvement of cognitive functioning by cognitive remediation therapy can improve work outcome in schizophrenia and other severe mental illness when combined with supported employment. METHODS: The Subjects of this study were persons with severe mental illness diagnosed with schizophrenia, major depression, or bipolar disorder (ICD-10) and cognitive dysfunction who participated in both cognitive remediation using the Thinking Skills for Work program and supported employment program in a multisite, randomized controlled study...
November 21, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872673/the-relationship-between-neurocognitive-functioning-and-occupational-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Walace Duarte, Rodrigo Becerra, Kate Cruise
Neurocognitive impairment in Bipolar Disorder (BD) has been widely reported, even during remission. Neurocognitive impairment has been identified as a contributing factor towards unfavourable psychosocial functioning within this population. The objective of this review was to investigate the association between neurocognitive impairment and occupational functioning in BD. A literature review of English-language journal articles from January 1990 to November 2013 was undertaken utilising the PsychINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge databases...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854450/introduction-to-the-special-section-mental-health-professionals-with-mental-illness
#11
William Spaulding
This is an introduction to the special section "Mental Health Professionals With Mental Illness." The articles in this special section address issues of stigmatization, recovery, and vocational functioning in mental health professionals with potentially disabling mental illness. (PsycINFO Database Record
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849513/venous-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-the-role-of-early-rib-resection
#12
Vienna G Katana, Jeffrey S Weiss
The upper extremity is an uncommon site for deep vein thrombosis and, although most of these thrombotic events are secondary to catheters or indwelling devices, venous thoracic outlet syndrome is an important cause of primary thrombosis. Young, active, otherwise healthy individuals that engage in repetitive upper extremity exercises, such as those required by a military vocation, may be at an increased risk. We present the case of a Naval Officer diagnosed with venous thoracic outlet syndrome whereby a multimodal approach with early surgical decompression was used...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848261/risk-factors-for-failure-to-enter-vocational-rehabilitation-services-among-individuals-with-disabilities
#13
F L Fredrik G Langi, Fabricio E Balcazar
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk factors for failure of individuals with disabilities to enter the vocational rehabilitation (VR) programme, including the cases where they had been formally accepted but were yet to receive any service. METHODS: We used prospective cohort data from a Midwestern US state, and analysed 126,251 and 94,517 individuals, respectively, for acceptance and admission into VR services. Statistical analysis was conducted using Poisson regression models with robust variance estimator...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847930/work-activity-in-the-process-of-recovery-an-interpretive-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-people-with-a-schizophrenia-spectrum-diagnosis
#14
Anna Pańczak, Igor Pietkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Having the opportunity to work has been found meaningful for individuals suffering from severe mental illness, in order to boost their self-esteem, provide a sense of control over their lives and of belonging to a community. There are no studies in Polish literature on the process of recovery from schizophrenia with reference to work activity. The objective of this research was to explore personal experiences of people employed in Vocational Development Centers. METHODS: Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with adult patients...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836977/impaired-telomere-length-and-telomerase-activity-in-peripheral-blood-leukocytes-and-granulosa-cells-in-patients-with-biochemical-primary-ovarian-insufficiency
#15
Xiaofei Xu, Xinxia Chen, Xiruo Zhang, Yixun Liu, Zhao Wang, Peng Wang, Yanzhi Du, Yingying Qin, Zi-Jiang Chen
STUDY QUESTION: Are telomere length and telomerase activity associated with biochemical primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Shortened telomere length and diminished telomerase activity were associated with biochemical POI. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: POI is a result of pathological reproductive aging and encompasses occult, biochemical and overt stages. Studies have indicated telomere length as a biomarker for biological aging...
November 11, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835933/experiences-of-the-return-to-work-process-after-stroke-while-participating-in-a-person-centred-rehabilitation-programme
#16
Annika Öst Nilsson, Gunilla Eriksson, Ulla Johansson, Therese Hellman
BACKGROUND: In Sweden, less than 50% of those getting stroke in working age return to work (RTW). Effective rehabilitation programmes need to be developed and therapeutic aspects understood. AIM: To explore and describe how persons with stroke experience their RTW process while participating in a person-centred rehabilitation programme focusing on RTW. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven persons with mild or moderate stroke were interviewed twice during the intervention in the vocational training phase using semi-structured interviews...
November 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831757/developing-a-virtual-reality-based-vocational-rehabilitation-training-program-for-patients-with-schizophrenia
#17
Bo Kyung Sohn, Jae Yeon Hwang, Su Mi Park, Jung-Seok Choi, Jun-Young Lee, Ji Yeuon Lee, Hee-Yeon Jung
Maintaining employment is difficult for patients with schizophrenia because of deterioration of psychosocial and cognitive functions. Such patients usually require vocational rehabilitation training, which is both demanding and costly. In this study, we developed a virtual reality-based vocational rehabilitation training program (VR-VRTP) for such patients and evaluated its feasibility as an alternative to traditional rehabilitation programs. We developed the VR-VRTP to include various situations commonly encountered in two types of occupations: convenience store employee and supermarket clerk...
November 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820971/changes-in-return-to-work-among-patients-in-vocational-rehabilitation-a-self-determination-theory-perspective
#18
Anders Farholm, Hallgeir Halvari, Christopher P Niemiec, Geoffrey C Williams, Edward L Deci
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine whether patient perceptions of autonomy support from the treatment team in a vocational rehabilitation program will be associated with change (increase) in need satisfaction, autonomous motivation, perceived competence, well-being, physical activity, and return to work (RTW), and whether the self-determination theory (SDT) Model of Health Behavior will provide adequate fit to the data. METHOD: A total of 90 participants were enrolled in a longitudinal study and completed measures at four time points over 15 months...
November 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819696/sensitization-to-occupational-allergens-in-hairdressing-apprentices-diagnosed-already-before-entering-vocational-training
#19
Aleksandra Golińska-Zach, Patrycja Krawczyk-Szulc, Marta Wiszniewska, Ewa Nowakowska-Świrta, Dominika Świerczyńska-Machura, Diana Tymoszuk, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Hairdressers are occupationally exposed to many allergenic and irritating substances. Additionally, hairdressing apprentices are exposed to the same allergens as professional hairdressers, due to the fact that vocational training starts in the beginning of the education. This study was undertaken to investigate early occurrence of sensitization to occupational allergens in hairdressing apprentices before the onset of the vocational training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and seven hairdressing apprentices were assessed using a questionnaire and skin prick tests (SPTs) to common and occupational allergens...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818368/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#20
Robert C Doss, W Curt LaFrance
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are diagnosed in at least 10-40% of the patients seen for long-term monitoring of epilepsy, and it is no surprise that patients with PNES are often treated for epilepsy. Given the substantial economic costs and mental health burden of misdiagnosis, it is imperative to establish early identification, correct diagnosis, and effective treatment of PNES in order to provide the greatest opportunity for remission of events, improved psychological functioning, and social-vocational outcome...
November 4, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
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