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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663550/bacterial-community-structure-and-diversity-in-the-gut-of-muga-silkworm-antheraea-assamensis-lepidoptera-saturniidae-from-india
#1
Sakshi Gandotra, Archna Kumar, Kailash Naga, Pinky Moni Bhuyan, Dip K Gogoi, Kirti Sharma, Sabtharishi Subramanian
Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis is exclusively present in the North Eastern regions of India and rearing of this silkworm is a vocation unique to this region in the world. Through culture dependent techniques, generic identification using 16s rRNA probes, diversity analysis and qualitative screening for enzyme activities, our studies have identified a number of bacterial isolates viz., Bacillus spp, Serratia marcescens, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Pseudomonas stutzeri, Acinetobacter sp. and Alcaligens sp...
April 17, 2018: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661096/employer-attitudes-toward-hiring-persons-with-disabilities-in-armenia
#2
Jonathon Breen, Farinaz Havaei, Cristina Pitassi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this two-part study was to provide input into a strategy to improve employment opportunities for persons with disabilities in Armenia. BACKGROUND: Employment rates for persons with disabilities in Armenia have been variously reported between eight and 21%, much below the general employment rate of 82%. METHOD: First, a Participatory Action Research process led to the development of a 15 item self-report measure - the Perceived Barriers to Employing Persons with Disabilities Scale - which was administered to 158 employers...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660885/real-world-exhaust-temperature-profiles-of-on-road-heavy-duty-diesel-vehicles-equipped-with-selective-catalytic-reduction
#3
Kanok Boriboonsomsin, Thomas Durbin, George Scora, Kent Johnson, Daniel Sandez, Alexander Vu, Yu Jiang, Andrew Burnette, Seungju Yoon, John Collins, Zhen Dai, Carl Fulper, Sandeep Kishan, Michael Sabisch, Doug Jackson
On-road heavy-duty diesel vehicles are a major contributor of oxides of nitrogen (NOx ) emissions. In the US, many heavy-duty diesel vehicles employ selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technology to meet the 2010 emission standard for NOx . Typically, SCR needs to be at least 200°C before a significant level of NOx reduction is achieved. However, this SCR temperature requirement may not be met under some real-world operating conditions, such as during cold starts, long idling, or low speed/low engine load driving activities...
April 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660573/midwifery-in-iceland-from-vocational-training-to-university-education
#4
Olof A Olafsdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Berglind Halfdansdottir, Helga Gottfredsdottir
Midwifery education is a foundation for health professionals' competence in providing quality healthcare for the benefit of women, their families and society. This paper describes midwifery and the development of midwifery education in Iceland. It examines policy and extensive reforms, from hospital-based vocational training in midwifery to an academic university education, and the impact on the scope of midwifery practice in Iceland. The university-based programme, with its emphasis on autonomy of the midwife, seems to have affected the context of home birth and strengthened midwives' role in primary healthcare...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649137/a-phenotype-classification-of-internet-use-disorder-in-a-large-scale-high-school-study
#5
Katajun Lindenberg, Katharina Halasy, Carolin Szász-Janocha, Lutz Wartberg
Internet Use Disorder (IUD) affects numerous adolescents worldwide, and (Internet) Gaming Disorder, a specific subtype of IUD, has recently been included in DSM-5 and ICD-11. Epidemiological studies have identified prevalence rates up to 5.7% among adolescents in Germany. However, little is known about the risk development during adolescence and its association to education. The aim of this study was to: (a) identify a clinically relevant latent profile in a large-scale high-school sample; (b) estimate prevalence rates of IUD for distinct age groups and (c) investigate associations to gender and education...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623752/developing-and-evaluating-a-course-programme-to-enhance-existential-communication-with-cancer-patients-in-general-practice
#6
Elisabeth Assing Hvidt, Jette Ammentorp, Jens Søndergaard, Connie Timmermann, Dorte Gilså Hansen, Niels Christian Hvidt
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the development and evaluation of a course programme in existential communication targeting general practitioners (GPs). DESIGN: The UK Medical Research Council's (MRC) framework for complex intervention research was used as a guide for course development and evaluation and was furthermore used to structure this paper. The development phase included: identification of existing evidence, description of the theoretical framework of the course, designing the intervention and deciding for types of evaluation...
April 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621899/introduction-to-the-special-issue-interventions-to-reduce-challenging-behavior-among-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Tonya N Davis, Mandy Rispoli
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Challenging behavior may cause harm to the individual with ASD as well as limit opportunities for educational, vocational, and social participation and development. In addition, caregivers experience high stress and low quality of mental health...
May 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618862/acetic-acid-dressings-finding-the-holy-grail-for-infected-wound-management
#8
Kapil S Agrawal, Anup Vidyadhar Sarda, Raghav Shrotriya, Manoj Bachhav, Vinita Puri, Gita Nataraj
Background: Wounds have since long, contributed majorly to the health-care burden. Infected long-standing non-healing wounds place many demands on the treating surgeon and are devastating for the patients physically, nutritionally, vocationally, financially, psychologically and socially. Acetic acid has long been included among agents used in the treatment of infected wounds. In this study, we have evaluated the use of acetic acid for topical application in the treatment of infected wounds...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618531/what-is-truth-the-spiritual-quest-of-forensic-psychiatry
#9
Michael A Norko
The search for truth is a foundational aim and value of forensic psychiatry. It is also a deeply spiritual exercise. It must, therefore, be possible to describe a spirituality of forensic psychiatry, which I attempt to begin in this article. This exploration opens with a discussion of spirituality and its contexts. I then examine the nature of vocation in its application to medicine, psychiatry and the law. This proceeds to a close evaluation of the attitudes and activities that I will argue occupy the groundwork of forensic practice and form pathways to truth: presence, empathy, compassion, and centering...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616917/naloxone-distribution-and-training-for-patients-with-high-risk-opioid-use-in-a-veterans-affairs-community-based-primary-care-clinic
#10
Katie E Raffel, Leila Y Beach, John Lin, Jacob E Berchuck, Shelly Abram, Elizabeth Markle, Shalini Patel
CONTEXT: Naloxone distribution has historically been implemented in a community-based, expanded public health model; however, there is now a need to further explore primary care clinic-based naloxone delivery to effectively address the nationwide opioid epidemic. OBJECTIVE: To create a general medicine infrastructure to identify patients with high-risk opioid use and provide 25% of this population with naloxone autoinjector prescription and training within a 6-month period...
March 30, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615474/how-adolescent-health-influences-education-and-employment-investigating-longitudinal-associations-and-mechanisms
#11
Daniel R Hale, Russell M Viner
BACKGROUND: Education is recognised as a strong determinant of health. Yet there is increasing concern that health in adolescence may also influence educational attainments and future life chances. We examined associations between health in early adolescence and subsequent academic and employment outcomes, exploring potential mediators of these relationships to inform intervention strategies. METHODS: We used data from the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610409/network-measures-of-collaborative-support-for-young-adults-with-autism
#12
Elizabeth McGhee Hassrick, Paul Shattuck, Kathleen Carley
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of autism requires complex, multimodal interventions, provided by parents and providers across settings. As young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) transition into adulthood, new stakeholders are added to support planning for postsecondary employment. In this article, we investigate the use of dynamic social network measures that describe the resources of young adults throughout transition. METHODS: A longitudinal, dynamic social network survey (Social Dynamics of Intervention [SoDI]) was conceptualized, designed, and conducted as a feasibility test, measuring changes in collaboration among parents and school staff members who provided interventions for children with ASD in 2 urban public schools...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608459/measuring-work-functioning-in-individuals-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-with-reference-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
Annika Sternberg, Matthias Bethge
The assessment of work functioning is important to define needs in the context of vocational rehabilitation. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) serves as a framework to describe functioning and health. In reference to the ICF, work functioning can be described as consisting of work activities and work participation. A range of instruments are used in rehabilitation practice to assess work functioning. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify questionnaires measuring work functioning with reference to the ICF and to describe these instruments, their linkage to the ICF, and their psychometric properties...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601429/what-comes-next-looking-beyond-the-clinical-to-the-vocational
#14
Vivian Campagna, Karen N Provine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600688/early-robot-assisted-gait-retraining-in-non-ambulatory-patients-with-stroke-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Andreas Mayr, Ellen Quirbach, Alessandro Picelli, Markus Kofler, Nicola Smania, Leopold Saltuari
BACKGROUND: Restoration of walking function is a primary concern of neurorehabilitation with respect to the aspired social and vocational reintegration. To date, the best practice for improving gait early after stroke is still object of debate. On one hand, repetitive task-specific approaches with higher intensities of walking have been observed to result in greater improvements of gait after stroke. Conversely there is some evidence that conventional gait training would be more effective for facilitating walking ability after stroke...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596709/leadership-in-nursing-homes-directors-of-nursing-aligning-practice-with-regulations
#16
Elena O Siegel, Kristen Bettega, Debra Bakerjian, Suzanne Sikma
Nursing homes use team nursing, with minimal RN presence, leaving the majority of direct care to licensed practical/vocational nurses (LPNs/LVNs) and unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP), including medication aides. The current article describes challenges faced by nursing home directors of nursing (DONs) leading and managing a team nursing approach, including consideration of scope of practice, delegation and supervision regulations, and related policy implications. A secondary data analysis was performed of qualitative data from a study to develop and test DON guidelines for delegation in nursing home practice...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595550/changing-neonatal-nurses-perceptions-of-caring-for-infants-experiencing-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-their-mothers-an-evidenced-based-practice-opportunity
#17
Kobi Brooke Tobin
BACKGROUND: Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are caring for an increasing number of infants born with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The literature identifies the need for education for NICU nurses on NAS including skills for interacting with the mother with substance use disorder. PURPOSE: An evidence-based practice project was developed to offer an educational presentation targeting these topics to 206 NICU participants (93% registered nurses, 1% licensed vocational nurses, and 6% nursing assistants) at a level IV NICU...
April 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592818/social-support-needs-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-in-cambodia-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Graham Toth, Gitau Mburu, Sovannary Tuot, Vohith Khol, Chanrith Ngin, Pheak Chhoun, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Understanding the circumstances of adolescents living with HIV is critical in designing adolescent-friendly services that will facilitate successful transition from pediatric to adult care. This study describes access, utilization and ongoing social support needs among adolescents living with HIV aged 15-17 in transition from pediatric to adult HIV care in Cambodia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 328 adolescents, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinics across the country...
March 28, 2018: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590692/-return-to-work-from-vocational-retraininga-long-term-analysis-of-individual-trajectories-biografical-and-structural-conditions-of-success-and-failure
#19
Alexander Meschnig, Ernst von Kardorff, Sebastian Klaus
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The study aimed at the reconstruction of the trajectories of participants of a two-year vocational-retraining into new workplaces thereby identifying favourable and risky conditions of the return-to-work process. From a practical point of view the study identified special needs and necessities for after-care facilities. METHODS: A Mixed-Method-Design was used. Quantitatively the follow-up-study included 214 persons who participated for three times on filling out a questionnaire over a period of eighteen months after the end of the vocational retraining...
March 28, 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589127/launching-anxious-young-adults-a-specialized-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-transitional-aged-youth
#20
REVIEW
Lauren J Hoffman, John D Guerry, Anne Marie Albano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There has been growing clinical and research attention to the unique developmental stage of emerging adulthood. This stage is a time of significant change and growth for all individuals, as it includes identity exploration, emotional, behavioral, and financial independence from caregivers, and completion of educational or vocational requirements. RECENT FINDINGS: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health diagnoses among emerging adults, and individuals suffering from these disorders often experience compounding functional impairments across health, financial, and social domains...
March 27, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
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