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Chris Chambers, Ian Witton, Cathryn Adams, Luke Marrington, Juha Kammonen
Voltage-gated sodium (Na(V)) channels have an essential role in the initiation and propagation of action potentials in excitable cells, such as neurons. Of these channels, Na(V)1.7 has been indicated as a key channel for pain sensation. While extensive efforts have gone into discovering novel Na(V)1.7 modulating compounds for the treatment of pain, none has reached the market yet. In the last two years, new compound screening technologies have been introduced, which may speed up the discovery of such compounds...
March 2016: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
Timm Danker, Clemens Möller
Blockade of the cardiac ion channel coded by human ether-à-gogo-related gene (hERG) can lead to cardiac arrhythmia, which has become a major concern in drug discovery and development. Automated electrophysiological patch clamp allows assessment of hERG channel effects early in drug development to aid medicinal chemistry programs and has become routine in pharmaceutical companies. However, a number of potential sources of errors in setting up hERG channel assays by automated patch clamp can lead to misinterpretation of data or false effects being reported...
2014: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Carol J Milligan, Clemens Möller
Ion channels are integral membrane proteins that regulate the flow of ions across the plasma membrane and the membranes of intracellular organelles of both excitable and non-excitable cells. Ion channels are vital to a wide variety of biological processes and are prominent components of the nervous system and cardiovascular system, as well as controlling many metabolic functions. Furthermore, ion channels are known to be involved in many disease states and as such have become popular therapeutic targets. For many years now manual patch-clamping has been regarded as one of the best approaches for assaying ion channel function, through direct measurement of ion flow across these membrane proteins...
2013: Methods in Molecular Biology
Chris Mathes, Søren Friis, Michael Finley, Yi Liu
The conventional patch clamp has long been considered the best approach for studying ion channel function and pharmacology. However, its low throughput has been a major hurdle to overcome for ion channel drug discovery. The recent emergence of higher throughput, automated patch clamp technology begins to break this bottleneck by providing medicinal chemists with high-quality, information-rich data in a more timely fashion. As such, these technologies have the potential to bridge a critical missing link between high-throughput primary screening and meaningful ion channel drug discovery programs...
January 2009: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Chris Mathes
The QPatch 16 significantly increases throughput for gigaseal patch clamp experiments, making direct measurements in ion channel drug discovery and safety testing feasible. Released to the market in the Autumn of 2004 by Sophion Bioscience, the QPatch originated from work done at NeuroSearch (Denmark) in the early days of automated patch clamp. Today, the QPatch provides many unique features. For example, only the QPatch includes an automated cell preparation station making several hours of unattended operation possible...
April 2006: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
Margit Asmild, Nicholas Oswald, Karen M Krzywkowski, Søren Friis, Rasmus B Jacobsen, Dirk Reuter, Rafael Taboryski, Jonathan Kutchinsky, Ras K Vestergaard, Rikke L Schrøder, Claus B Sørensen, Morten Bech, Mads P G Korsgaard, Niels J Willumsen
Effective screening of large compound libraries in ion channel drug discovery requires the development of new electrophysiological techniques with substantially increased throughputs compared to the conventional patch clamp technique. Sophion Bioscience is aiming to meet this challenge by developing two lines of automated patch clamp products, a traditional pipette-based system called Apatchi-1, and a silicon chip-based system QPatch. The degree of automation spans from semi-automation (Apatchi-1) where a trained technician interacts with the system in a limited way, to a complete automation (QPatch 96) where the system works continuously and unattended until screening of a full compound library is completed...
2003: Receptors & Channels
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