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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686834/limitations-of-ct-scanning-in-bosniak-staging-of-renal-cystic-carcinoma
#1
A S Wasim, F Mumtaz
The Bosniak Classification is used to quantify the risk of malignancy and need for observation or radical treatment based on the findings of computed tomography (CT). The case described is that of a 65-year-old man with renal cystic disease who was initially given a Bosniak stage IIF classification and was subsequently managed with CT surveillance. CT surveillance showed increased cyst size in the left kidney with cystic changes, however, the Bosniak classification remained the same. It was not until the patient deteriorated further that an MRI was indicated...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682133/autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-potential-mistake-in-the-interpretation-of-radioiodine-whole-body-scintigraphy
#2
Leila Kalhor
There are a few case reports of renal cysts demonstrating radioiodine uptake on scintigraphy. In this case, we report a 49-year-old man who had undergone total thyroidectomy and had been treated with radioiodine. After conventional levothyroxine withdrawal, the patient underwent thyroid remnant ablation by oral administration of 125 mci 131 I. Seven days later, post-therapy whole-body scan demonstrated thyroid remnant tissue and bilaterally multifocal radioiodine uptake in the upper abdomen. By ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography scan, the iodine uptake was proven to be due to the accumulation of 131 I in bilateral polycystic kidney disease...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672880/enamel-renal-syndrome-case-report
#3
Luiz Henrique Soares Torres, Sérgio Lins de-Azevedo-Vaz, Danielle Resende Camisasca Barroso, Daniela Nascimento Silva, Tânia Regina Grão Velloso, Liliana Aparecida Pimenta de Barros
AIMS: to describe a case in which dental changes were observed and investigation proceeded to consider Enamel-Renal-Syndrome (ERS), a rare disorder that associates amelogenesis imperfecta with nephrocalcinosis. CASE REPORT: an 11-year-old male patient upon intraoral examination revealed generalized gingival hyperplasia, a few teeth were absent clinically and the remaining ones were yellowish-brown in color. The enamel alterations were suggesting of amelogenesis imperfecta...
April 19, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669532/pulmonary-lymphangioleimyomatosis-and-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-menopausal-woman
#4
Hong Hong, Ruiheng Yang, Xiuzhen Li, Mengjun Wang, Zhongchao Ma
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary lymphangioleimyomatosis (PLAM) is a rare disease involving lung. PLAM primarily affects young women, a characteristic it shares with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Estrogen has long been assumed to play an important role both in PLAM and SLE. We report a menopausal woman, who was found to have PLAM 1 year after she was diagnosed with SLE. Her chest radiograph was normal in the early phase of SLE. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old Chinese woman was referred to our hospital in August 2014 because of swelling in both legs...
April 18, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669332/paritaprevir-ritonavir-ombitasvir-plus-dasabuvir-regimen-in-the-treatment-of-genotype-1-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-in-patients-with-severe-renal-impairment-and-end-stage-renal-disease-a-real-life-cohort
#5
Jan Sperl, Miluse Kreidlova, Dusan Merta, Klara Chmelova, Renata Senkerikova, Sona Frankova
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) virus infection reactivates under immunosuppressive drugs and therefore has a negative impact on long-term survival of kidney transplant recipients. Treatment-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in kidney transplant candidates prevents virus reactivation after transplantation. Paritaprevir/Ritonavir/Ombitasvir with Dasabuvir (PrOD) represents a highly effective treatment regimen for HCV genotype 1 (GT1), also suitable for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...
April 13, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652208/age-based-ultrasonographic-criteria-for-diagnosis-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-in-persian-cats
#6
Juliana M Guerra, Mariana F Freitas, Alexandre Gt Daniel, Arine Pellegrino, Natália C Cardoso, Isac de Castro, Luiz F Onuchic, Bruno Cogliati
Objectives The aim of this study was to establish ultrasound criteria for the diagnosis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in Persian cats. Methods Eighty-two Persian cats were assessed using renal ultrasound and genotyped for the C→A transversion in exon 29 of PKD1. The animals were also submitted to hematological characterization, serum biochemistry analyses and urinalysis. Results Age, sex and neutering status did not differ between ADPKD (n = 12) and non-ADPKD (n = 70) cats. After integrated molecular genetics/ultrasonographic analysis, the presence of at least one renal cyst was sufficient to establish a diagnosis of ADPKD in animals up to 15 months of age...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644060/infected-renal-cyst-presented-with-pleural-effusion-in-a-woman-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#7
Ester Casillas-Sagrado, Victor Burguera, Maria Eugenia Rioja-Martín, Maite Rivera-Gorrín
We present a 64-year-old woman with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and hepatic cysts admitted to our hospital for high fever, intense coughing and right abdominal pain. The chest X-ray showed right pleural effusion suggestive of pneumonia. An abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) were done but did not show evidence of cyst infection or other abdominal complications. A gallium-67-citrate single-photon emission CT/CT, a relatively cheaper technique than positron emission tomography/CT was performed...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617877/paediatric-renal-hydatid-cyst
#8
Gokhan Polat, Berhan Pirimoglu, Recep Sade, Mecit Kantarci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611673/non-conservative-management-of-simple-renal-cysts-in-adults-a-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#9
Ahmed Eissa, Ahmed El Sherbiny, Eugenio Martorana, Giacomo M Pirola, Stefano Puliatti, Michele Scialpi, Salvatore Micali, Bernardo Rocco, Evangelos Liatsikos, Alberto Breda, Francesco Porpiglia, Giampaolo Bianchi
INTRODUCTION: Renal cysts are common findings in nearly 10% of general population. According to Bosniak classification, they are classified into simple and complex renal cysts based on their CT characteristics. The majority of simple renal cysts are asymptomatic and require no intervention. Once they become symptomatic or complicated, a non-conservative management should be considered. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This paper is a narrative review of existing manuscripts regarding the non-conservative management of renal cysts...
April 2018: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606500/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-counseling-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#10
Erin L Murphy, Madeline L Droher, Miriam S DiMaio, Neera K Dahl
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common hereditary forms of chronic kidney disease. Mutations within PKD1 or PKD2 lead to innumerable fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys and in some instances, end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Affected individuals have a 50% chance of passing the mutation to each of their offspring. Assisted reproductive technology using preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) allows these individuals to reduce this risk to 1% to 2%. We assess the disease burden of 8 individuals with ADPKD who have undergone genetic testing in preparation for PGD...
March 30, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601266/tumors-in-von-hippel-lindau-syndrome-from-head-to-toe-comprehensive-state-of-the-art-review
#11
Dhakshinamoorthy Ganeshan, Christine O Menias, Perry J Pickhardt, Kumaresan Sandrasegaran, Meghan G Lubner, Preetha Ramalingam, Sanjeev Bhalla
Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (VHL) is an autosomal-dominant hereditary tumor disease that arises owing to germline mutations in the VHL gene, located on the short arm of chromosome 3. Patients with VHL may develop multiple benign and malignant tumors involving various organ systems, including retinal hemangioblastomas (HBs), central nervous system (CNS) HBs, endolymphatic sac tumors, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, pancreatic cystadenomas, pancreatic cysts, clear cell renal cell carcinomas, renal cysts, pheochromocytomas, paragangliomas, and epididymal and broad ligament cystadenomas...
March 30, 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597212/isolated-renal-hydatid-cyst-misdiagnosed-and-operated-as-a-cystic-renal-tumor
#12
Rabea A Gadelkareem, Ayman Elqady, Sayed Abd-Elshafy, Hisham Imam, Hassan Abolella
OBJECTIVE: Presentation of a case of isolated renal hydatid cyst with novel findings and unusual surgical scenario. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 54-year-old female patient presented with left loin pain and a palpable left renal mass. Imaging described a well-demarcated left renal cystic lesion with a two-layer wall. Radical nephrectomy was done due to the possibility of malignancy. On retrograde revision, the two-layer wall represented the detached germinative membrane of a hydatid cyst that was confirmed by histopathology...
March 29, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594465/interpreting-body-mri-cases-classic-findings-in-abdominal-mri
#13
REVIEW
Leann Kania, Flavius Guglielmo, Donald Mitchell
Few things in radiology are "pathognomonic" in their appearance or presentation. However, having an awareness of those findings which are specific to a certain entity is important when interpreting imaging studies. These classic findings can be identified with many imaging modalities, but no modality provides as many recognizable observations as an MRI. This results from the large variety of pulse sequences that provide high contrast resolution, prior to and following contrast administration. In this article, the most classically recognized abdominal findings are presented including the following: Liver: Cyst, hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatic adenoma, hemosiderosis, hepatocellular carcinoma...
March 28, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594054/a-case-report-of-syndromic-multinodular-goitre-in-adolescence-exploring-the-phenotype-overlap-between-cowden-and-dicer1-syndromes
#14
Dorothée Bouron-Dal Soglio, Leanne de Kock, Richard Gauci, Nelly Sabbaghian, Elizabeth Thomas, Helen C Atkinson, Nicholas Pachter, Simon Ryan, John P Walsh, M Priyanthi Kumarasinghe, Karen Carpenter, Ayça Aydoğan, Colin J R Stewart, William D Foulkes, Catherine S Choong
Background: Hereditary tumour predisposition syndromes may increase the risk for development of thyroid nodules at a young age. We present the case of an adolescent female with Cowden syndrome who had some atypical phenotypic features which overlapped with the DICER1 syndrome. Material and Methods: A 17-year-old female presented with a 3-month history of progressive right neck swelling. Fine needle cytology of the thyroid revealed a follicular neoplasm with features suggestive of follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma and she underwent a hemithyroidectomy...
January 2018: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588919/laparoscopic-surgery-for-seminal-vesicle-cysts-and-ureterocele-with-urination-disorder-a-case-report-of-zinner-syndrome
#15
Takeshi Maehana, Fumimasa Fukuta, Ko Kobayashi, Megumi Hirobe, Toshiaki Tanaka, Naoya Masumori
Background: Zinner syndrome is defined as seminal vesicle cysts with ipsilateral renal agenesis and an ectopic ureter. Symptomatic cases are very rare. In this article, we present a laparoscopic approach for a case of Zinner syndrome. Case Presentation: The patient was a 21-year-old male with difficult urination. A right seminal vesicle cyst and right kidney agenesis associated with ureterocele were found on examination and he was diagnosed with Zinner syndrome. First, we performed transperineal puncture of the ureterocele because it closed the bladder neck during voiding...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587557/bile-acids-as-potential-biomarkers-to-assess-liver-impairment-in-polycystic-kidney-disease
#16
William J Brock, James J Beaudoin, Jason R Slizgi, Mingming Su, Wei Jia, Sharin E Roth, Kim L R Brouwer
Polycystic kidney disease is characterized by the progressive development of kidney cysts and declining renal function with frequent development of cysts in other organs including the liver. The polycystic kidney (PCK) rat is a rodent model of polycystic liver disease that has been used to study hepatorenal disease progression and evaluate pharmacotherapeutic interventions. Biomarkers that describe the cyst progression, liver impairment, and/or hepatic cyst burden could provide clinical utility for this disease...
March 2018: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582957/-renal-manifestation-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#17
Marco Galliani, Silvana Chicca, Elio Vitaliano, Luca Di Lullo, Konstantinos Giannakakis, Antonio Paone
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease affects over 12 million people in the world and is the fourth cause of ESRD. It is the main monogenic kidney disease and causes the progressive formation of cysts leading to renal failure after a few decades. The main manifestations of the disease are observed even at a young age. The early sign of ADPKD is impaired urinary concentrating capacity, due to medullary alteration by cysts, and resistance to vasopressin. These anatomical alterations determine hyperfiltration, altered ammonium transport, nephrolithiasis, and, above all, hypertension even in pediatric age...
March 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582944/-percutaneous-treatment-of-small-renal-tumors-by-thermal-ablation
#18
Amitay Lorber, Nahum S Goldberg, Ofer N Gofrit, Dov Pode, Vladimir Yutkin, Ilan Gielchinsky, Mordechai Duvdevani, Ezekiel H Landau, Guy Hidas, Liat Apelbaum
INTRODUCTION: Kidney cancer accounts for approximately 2-3 % of all types of cancers. Renal tumors prevalence and especially the prevalence of small renal tumors, is on the rise. About half of the tumors currently diagnosed are smaller than 4 cm. Minimally invasive methods of radiofrequency ablation technology were recently developed for the treatment of small renal tumors and are characterized by reducing the surgical and anesthetic risk. The ablation is performed with a percutaneous approach guided by ultrasound, CT or MRI...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582070/genomic-analysis-to-avoid-misdiagnosis-of-adults-with-bilateral-renal-cysts
#19
Ashima Gulati, Kyongtae T Bae, Stefan Somlo, Terry Watnick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576871/-de-novo-hnf1-homeobox-b-mutation-as-a-cause-for-chronic-treatment-resistant-hypomagnesaemia
#20
C E Stiles, R Thuraisingham, D Bockenhauer, L Platts, A V Kumar, M Korbonits
29-year-old female presenting with an 8-year history of unexplained hypomagnesaemia, which was severe enough to warrant intermittent inpatient admission for intravenous magnesium. Urinary magnesium was inappropriately normal in the context of hypomagnesaemia indicating magnesium wasting. Ultrasound imaging demonstrated unilateral renal cysts and computed tomography of kidneys, ureters and bladder showed a bicornuate uterus. Referral to genetic services and subsequent testing revealed a de novo HNF1B deletion...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
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