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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351574/self-reported-knowledge-correct-knowledge-and-use-of-uk-drinking-guidelines-among-a-representative-sample-of-the-english-population
#1
Penny Buykx, Jessica Li, Lucy Gavens, Lucie Hooper, Elena Gomes de Matos, John Holmes
Aims: Promotion of lower risk drinking guidelines is a commonly used public health intervention with various purposes, including communicating alcohol consumption risks, informing drinkers' decision-making and, potentially, changing behaviour. UK drinking guidelines were revised in 2016. To inform potential promotion of the new guidelines, we aimed to examine public knowledge and use of the previous drinking guidelines, including by population subgroup. Methods: A demographically representative, cross-sectional online survey of 2100 adults living in England in July 2015 (i...
January 17, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349905/would-you-like-to-add-a-weight-after-this-blood-pressure-doctor-discovery-of-potentially-actionable-associations-between-the-provision-of-multiple-screens-in-primary-care
#2
Sumeet Kalia, Michelle Greiver, Xu Zhao, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Babak Aliarzadeh, Eva Grunfeld, Frank Sullivan
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVE: Guidelines recommend screening for risk factors associated with chronic diseases but current electronic prompts have limited effects. Our objective was to discover and rank associations between the presence of screens to plan more efficient prompts in primary care. METHODS: Risk factors with the greatest impact on chronic diseases are associated with blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, glycaemic and lipid levels, smoking, alcohol use, diet, and exercise...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336434/acg-clinical-guideline-alcoholic-liver-disease
#3
Ashwani K Singal, Ramon Bataller, Joseph Ahn, Patrick S Kamath, Vijay H Shah
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) comprises a clinical-histologic spectrum including fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis (AH), and cirrhosis with its complications. Most patients are diagnosed at advanced stages and data on the prevalence and profile of patients with early disease are limited. Diagnosis of ALD requires documentation of chronic heavy alcohol use and exclusion of other causes of liver disease. Prolonged abstinence is the most effective strategy to prevent disease progression. AH presents with rapid onset or worsening of jaundice, and in severe cases may transition to acute on chronic liver failure when the risk for mortality, depending on the number of extra-hepatic organ failures, may be as high as 20-50% at 1 month...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334885/2016-united-kingdom-national-guideline-on-the-sexual-health-care-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Dan Clutterbuck, David Asboe, Tristan Barber, Carol Emerson, Nigel Field, Stuart Gibson, Gwenda Hughes, Rachael Jones, Martin Murchie, Achyuta V Nori, Michael Rayment, Ann Sullivan
This guideline is intended for use in UK Genitourinary medicine clinics and sexual health services but is likely to be of relevance in all sexual health settings, including general practice and Contraception and Sexual Health (CASH) services, where men who have sex with men (MSM) seek sexual health care or where addressing the sexual health needs of MSM may have public health benefits. For the purposes of this document, MSM includes all gay, bisexual and all other males who have sex with other males and both cis and trans men...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331969/temporal-trends-in-antithrombotic-treatment-of-real-world-uk-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-atrial-fibrillation-findings-from-the-garfield-af-registry
#5
Patricia N Apenteng, Haiyan Gao, Fd Richard Hobbs, David A Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVE: To investigate evolving patterns in antithrombotic treatment in UK patients with newly diagnosed non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). DESIGN: Prospective, multicentre, international registry. SETTING: 186 primary care practices in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 3482 participants prospectively enrolled in four sequential cohorts (cohort 2 (C2) n=830, diagnosed September 2011 to April 2013; cohort 3 (C3) n=902, diagnosed April 2013 to June 2014; cohort 4 (C4) n=850, diagnosed July 2014 to June 2015; cohort 5 (C5) n=900, diagnosed June 2015 to July 2016)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329422/proscriptive-vs-prescriptive-health-recommendations-to-drink-alcohol-within-recommended-limits-effects-on-moral-norms-reactance-attitudes-intentions-and-behaviour-change
#6
L Pavey, P Sparks, S Churchill
Aims: Health advice can be framed in terms of prescriptive rules (what people should do, e.g. you should drink alcohol within recommended limits) or proscriptive rules (what people should not do, e.g. you should not drink alcohol above recommended limits). The current research examines the differing effect that these two types of injunction have on participants' moral norms, reactance, attitudes and intentions to consume alcohol within moderation, and their subsequent alcohol consumption...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324740/dietary-intake-and-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#7
Mark Y Z Wong, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Preeti Gupta, Ling-Jun Li, Rob M van Dam, Mary F Chong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
INTRODUCTION: The evidence linking dietary intake with diabetic retinopathy (DR) is growing but unclear. We conducted a systematic review of the association between dietary intake and DR. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Central register of controlled trials, for publications between January 1967 and January 2017 using standardized criteria for diet and DR. Interventional and observational studies investigating micro- and macro-nutrient intakes; food and beverage consumptions; and dietary patterns were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319900/laypersons-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-as-potential-barriers-to-care
#8
LeeAnne B Sherwin
AIMS: To describe the layperson's knowledge and perceptions regarding the aetiology, pathogenesis, prevalence, medical evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. BACKGROUND: Diagnosis acceptance and adherence to treatment is influenced by the views of the patient's social networks. Little is known how these networks influence those with Irritable Bowel Syndrome. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of two-hundred four laypersons, ages 18-80 years without an Irritable Bowel Syndrome diagnosis...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315691/validation-of-a-chiral-lc-ms-ms-esi-method-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-darolutamide-diastereomers-in-mice-plasma-and-its-application-to-a-stereoselective-pharmacokinetic-study-in-mice
#9
Narayan Balaji, Suresh P Sulochana, Neeraj Kumar Saini, A Siva Kumar, Ramesh Mullangi
A simple, selective and reliable LC-MS/MS method was validated for simultaneous quantitation of darolutamide diastereomers in 50 μL mice plasma using warfarin as an internal standard (IS) as per regulatory guidelines. Plasma samples were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction and the chromatographic separation was achieved on a Chiralpak IA column with an isocratic mobile phase 5 mM ammonium acetate:absolute alcohol (20:80, v/v) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. Detection and quantitation was done by MRM mode following the transitions: m/z 397 → 202 and 307 → 250 for darolutamide diastereomers and the IS, respectively in the negative ionization mode...
January 8, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315276/identifying-dietary-patterns-associated-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-older-korean-adults-using-reduced-rank-regression
#10
Dayeon Shin, Kyung Won Lee, Mi-Hye Kim, Hung Ju Kim, Yun Sook An, Hae-Kyung Chung
Diet plays a crucial role in cognitive function. Few studies have examined the relationship between dietary patterns and cognitive functions of older adults in the Korean population. This study aimed to identify the effect of dietary patterns on the risk of mild cognitive impairment. A total of 239 participants, including 88 men and 151 women, aged 65 years and older were selected from health centers in the district of Seoul, Gyeonggi province, and Incheon, in Korea. Dietary patterns were determined using Reduced Rank Regression (RRR) methods with responses regarding vitamin B6, vitamin C, and iron intakes, based on both a one-day 24-h recall and a food frequency questionnaire...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304763/attributable-causes-of-colorectal-cancer-in-china
#11
Meng-Jia Gu, Qiu-Chi Huang, Cheng-Zhen Bao, Ying-Jun Li, Xiao-Qin Li, Ding Ye, Zhen-Hua Ye, Kun Chen, Jian-Bing Wang
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the 4th common cancer in China. Most colorectal cancers are due to modifiable lifestyle factors, but few studies have provided a systematic evidence-based assessment of the burden of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality attributable to the known risk factors in China. METHODS: We estimated the population attributable faction (PAF) for each selected risk factor in China, based on the prevalence of exposure around 2000 and relative risks from cohort studies and meta-analyses...
January 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303476/are-cancer-survivors-following-the-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-health-behavior-guidelines-an-assessment-of-patients-attending-a-cancer-survivorship-clinic
#12
Kelly A Hyland, Jamie M Jacobs, Inga T Lennes, William F Pirl, Elyse R Park
PURPOSE: Engaging in positive health behaviors post-treatment is important for cancer survivors' health. However, little is known about whether survivors are practicing health promoting behaviors. We aimed to explore whether survivors are meeting the recent health behavior guidelines set forth by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and to examine associations between health behaviors and distress. METHODS: Sixty-six survivors completed a cross-sectional questionnaire assessing health behaviors prior to an initial appointment at a survivorship care clinic...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302148/association-of-risk-factors-and-drug-resistance-pattern-in-tuberculosis-patients-in-north-india
#13
Pallavi Sinha, G N Srivastava, Anamika Gupta, Shampa Anupurba
Context: India is one of the high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries in the world. Improper implementation in the guidelines for the management of TB and high rate of defaults on the part of the patients are most important risk factors for the development of multi-drug resistant TB. Aims: This study examines the drug resistance profile and the effect of demographic, clinical and behavioral risk factors on the prevalence of TB and multidrug resistance (MDR) in north India...
October 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301420/the-american-psychiatric-association-practice-guideline-for-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#14
Victor I Reus, Laura J Fochtmann, Oscar Bukstein, A Evan Eyler, Donald M Hilty, Marcela Horvitz-Lennon, Jane Mahoney, Jagoda Pasic, Michael Weaver, Cheryl D Wills, Jack McIntyre, Jeremy Kidd, Joel Yager, Seung-Hee Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296271/epidemiologic-analysis-of-central-vein-catheter-infection-in-burn-patients
#15
Maryam Roham, Mahnoush Momeni, Mohsen Saberi, Rahil Kheirkhah, Ali Jafarian, Hossein Rahbar
Background and Objectives: Currently, there are no well-defined guidelines or criteria for catheter-site care in burn patients, and there is little information about the epidemiology of central vein catheter (CVC) infection in such patients. This study aimed at addressing the epidemiological aspect of CVC infection in a sample of Iranian burn patients admitted to the largest referral burn center in Iran, Motahari Burn Center. Materials and Methods: A total of 191 burn patients were eligible for the study...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294817/characteristics-for-the-identification-of-children-who-commit-family-murder-in-south-africa
#16
Melanie Carmen Moen
Children who commit family murder have been increasingly reported on in the South African media. Violence of this type has far-reaching consequences for families and communities. In this qualitative study, nine documented cases of children who committed family murder were analyzed to gain an in-depth understanding of the factors that contribute to children murdering family members. The personal and systemic reasons for these types of murders guided the research. The Interpersonal Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory (IPARTheory) was used as theoretical framework...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281181/the-cumulative-daily-tolerance-levels-of-potentially-toxic-excipients-ethanol-and-propylene-glycol-are-commonly-exceeded-in-neonates-and-infants
#17
K S Valeur, S A Hertel, K E Lundstrøm, H Holst
Poly-medicated neonates and young infants may be at risk of harmful cumulative exposure to toxic excipients like ethanol, propylene glycol and benzyl alcohol during routine clinical care. The aim of this study was to calculate the cumulative daily alcohol exposure (mg/kg/day) in poly-medicated neonates and infants and compare these levels to the tolerance limits found in guidelines published by European Medicines Agency (EMA). As part of the SEEN study, all medicinal products administered to neonates and infants were recorded...
December 27, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281162/the-australian-nhmrc-guidelines-for-alcohol-consumption-and-their-portrayal-in-the-print-media-a-content-analysis-of-australian-newspapers
#18
Bronwyn M Wolfaardt, Aimee L Brownbill, Mohammad Afzal Mahmood, Jacqueline A Bowden
OBJECTIVE: To measure and characterise unpaid coverage in the Australian print media of the 2001, 2007 and 2009 National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol. METHODS: A total of 172 articles published in Australian newspapers between 1999 and 2014 were content analysed using a coding framework aimed to define the article descriptors, article prominence, content, slant and guidelines. RESULTS: The majority (62...
December 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281086/characteristics-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-prescribed-antiplatelet-monotherapy-compared-with-those-on-anticoagulants-insights-from-the-garfield-af-registry
#19
Freek W A Verheugt, Haiyan Gao, Wael Al Mahmeed, Giuseppe Ambrosio, Pantep Angchaisuksiri, Dan Atar, Jean-Pierre Bassand, A John Camm, Frank Cools, John Eikelboom, Gloria Kayani, Toon Wei Lim, Frank Misselwitz, Karen S Pieper, Martin van Eickels, Ajay K Kakkar
Aims: Current atrial fibrillation (AF) guidelines discourage antiplatelet (AP) monotherapy as alternative to anticoagulants (ACs). Why AP only is still used is largely unknown. Methods and results: Factors associated with AP monotherapy prescription were analysed in GARFIELD-AF, a registry of patients with newly diagnosed (≤6 weeks) AF and ≥1 investigator-determined stroke risk factor. We analysed 51 270 patients from 35 countries enrolled into five sequential cohorts between 2010 and 2016...
December 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275877/effect-of-institutional-experience-on-outcomes-of-alcohol-septal-ablation-for-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy
#20
Josef Veselka, Lothar Faber, Morten Kvistholm Jensen, Robert Cooper, Jaroslav Januska, Jan Krejci, Thomas Bartel, Maciej Dabrowski, Peter Riis Hansen, Vibeke Marie Almaas, Hubert Seggewiss, Dieter Horstkotte, Radka Adlova, Henning Bundgaard, Jurriën Ten Berg, Max Liebregts
BACKGROUND: The current American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association guidelines on hypertrophic cardiomyopathy state that institutional experience is a key determinant of successful outcomes and lower complication rates of alcohol septal ablation (ASA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ASA according to institutional experience with the procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 1310 patients with symptomatic obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who underwent ASA and were divided into 2 groups...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
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