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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430928/typology-and-dynamics-of-heavier-drinking-styles-in-great-britain-1978-2010
#1
Robin C Purshouse, Alan Brennan, Daniel Moyo, James Nicholls, Paul Norman
Aims: To identify a typology of heavier drinking styles in Great Britain and to identify socio-demographic trends in the typology over the period 1978-2010. Methods: We applied multiple correspondence analysis and agglomerative hierarchical clustering to beverage-specific quantity-frequency measures of alcohol consumption in the repeated cross-sectional General Lifestyle Survey of Great Britain, 1978-2010. The cluster analysis focuses on the 60,043 adult respondents over this period reporting average drinking levels above the UK Government guidelines...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428186/features-of-alcohol-harm-reduction-advertisements-that-most-motivate-reduced-drinking-among-adults-an-advertisement-response-study
#2
Melanie A Wakefield, Emily Brennan, Kimberley Dunstone, Sarah J Durkin, Helen G Dixon, Simone Pettigrew, Michael D Slater
OBJECTIVES: To improve the effectiveness of alcohol harm reduction mass media campaigns, this study aimed to (1) identify existing advertisements (ads) with greatest potential to motivate reduced alcohol consumption, (2) assess consistency across audience subgroups in ad effectiveness and (3) identify ad features associated with effectiveness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online ad response study with random assignment to view ads. PARTICIPANTS: 2174 Australian adult weekly drinkers recruited from an online panel...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424803/use-of-a-flumazenil-infusion-to-treat-chlordiazepoxide-toxicity
#3
I R Wallace, E C Campbell, M Trimble
"Alcohol detox" is a common presentation to acute medical services and is usually managed via standardised guidelines and protocols. We present a case of chlordiazepoxide toxicity, requiring repeated bolus doses and subsequently 24 hours of an intravenous infusion of flumazenil in response to guideline directed management of an alcohol withdrawal state. The use of prolonged flumazenil infusions to treat benzodiazepine toxicity is infrequently described. Chlordiazepoxide is metabolised in the hepatic microsomal pathway and hepatic impairment can lead to accumulation of toxic metabolites, which may have been the explanation for toxicity in this case...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424436/-dyslipidemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-assessment-in-hiv-positive-patients
#4
Serhat Uysal, Mürşide Tuncel Başoğlu, Bahar Boydak, Deniz Gökengin
OBJECTIVE: Dyslipidemia is a major complication of antiretroviral treatment. Aim of the present study was to screen baseline lipid levels and cardiovascular disease risk in HIV-positive patients and analyze change in those parameters after initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS: HIV-positive patients who presented at our clinic between April 2011 and August 2012 were included. Study included 19 female (22.1%) and 67 male (77.9%) patients (mean age 39...
March 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408027/is-atrial-fibrillation-a-preventable-disease
#5
REVIEW
Xin Du, Jianzeng Dong, Changsheng Ma
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an increasing burden worldwide. However, AF prevention has not been emphasized enough in clinical practice or guidelines. In this paper, the authors review the associations of modifiable lifestyle factors, including alcohol abuse, smoking, physical inactivity, and unhealthy psychological stress, with the risk for AF development. The authors also review the associations of cardiovascular risk factors that can be better managed, including obesity and overweight, high blood pressure, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obstructive sleep apnea, and other cardiovascular diseases, with the risk for AF...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407905/fate-of-ethanol-during-cooking-of-liquid-foods-prepared-with-alcoholic-beverages-theory-and-experimental-studies
#6
Pia Snitkjær, Julia Ryapushkina, Erik Skovenborg, Arne Astrup, Lene Mølskov Bech, Morten Georg Jensen, Jens Risbo
To obtain an understanding of the ethanol loss during cooking of liquid foods containing alcoholic beverages, ethanol concentration was measured as a function of time and remaining volume in meat stocks prepared with wine and beer. A mathematical model describing the decline in volatile compounds during heating of simple liquid foods was derived. The experimental results and the model show that concentration of ethanol at any given time is determined by the initial concentration and a power law function of the remaining volume fraction...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407463/number-of-existing-permanent-teeth-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-elderly-korean-population
#7
Hye-Sun Shin
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the number of existing permanent teeth and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a representative sample of the elderly Korean population. Methods: A total of 2,519 subjects who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were cross-sectionally examined. The number of existing permanent teeth was evaluated by clinical oral examination. CKD was defined based on definition and classification by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2012 guidelines...
April 14, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406360/comparing-alcohol-marketing-and-alcohol-warning-message-policies-across-canada
#8
Ashley Wettlaufer, Samantha N Cukier, Norman Giesbrecht
BACKGROUND: In order to reduce harms from alcohol, evidence-based policies are to be introduced and sustained. OBJECTIVES: To facilitate the dissemination of policies that reduce alcohol-related harms by documenting, comparing, and sharing information on effective alcohol polices related to restrictions on alcohol marketing and alcohol warning messaging in 10 Canadian provinces. METHODS: Team members developed measurable indicators to assess policies on (a) restrictions on alcohol marketing, and (b) alcohol warning messaging...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405039/disinfection-of-laryngoscopes-a-survey-of-practice
#9
Vaishali Prabhakar Chaskar, Nandini Malay Dave, Raylene Dias, Priyanka Karnik
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The laryngoscope is a common piece of equipment used by anaesthesiologists. It has been identified as a potential source of cross infection. Although guidelines exist regarding appropriate disinfection practices, recent reviews suggest ineffectiveness of current methods of disinfection and poor compliance with the established protocols. We conducted a questionnaire-based survey to study the current disinfection practices being followed by a cross section of anaesthesiologists...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403285/spanish-version-of-the-scale-of-attitudes-toward-alcohol-alcoholism-and-alcoholics-content-validation
#10
Erika Gisseth León Ramírez, Divane de Vargas, Luz Patrícia Diaz Heredia, Alejandra Sepúlveda Corzo
ABSTACT Objective: to describe the process of translation and cultural adaptation of the scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics into the Spanish language. METHODS: this was a methodological study, which followed the international guidelines for translation and adaptation of measurement scales. RESULTS: During the process of translation and cultural adaptation of scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics to the Spanish language, the items were adjusted based on semantic, idiomatic and conceptual equivalence of the expressions contained in the scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401132/comparing-diagnostic-classification-of-neurobehavioral-disorder-associated-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-with-the-canadian-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-guidelines-a-cohort-study
#11
James L Sanders, Rebecca E Hudson Breen, Nicole Netelenbos
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic criteria have recently been introduced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5), for neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE). The purpose of this study is to assess the classification of this condition using the Canadian fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) multidisciplinary diagnostic guidelines as the standard of comparison. First, classification of ND-PAE was compared with Canadian FASD diagnoses of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), partial FAS and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399829/alcohol-harm-reduction-advertisements-a-content-analysis-of-topic-objective-emotional-tone-execution-and-target-audience
#12
Kimberley Dunstone, Emily Brennan, Michael D Slater, Helen G Dixon, Sarah J Durkin, Simone Pettigrew, Melanie A Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Public health mass media campaigns may contribute to reducing the health and social burden attributed to alcohol consumption, but little is known about which advertising characteristics have been used, or have been effective, in alcohol harm reduction campaigns to date. As a first step towards encouraging further research to identify the impact of various advertising characteristics, this study aimed to systematically identify and examine the content of alcohol harm reduction advertisements (ads)...
April 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398571/what-does-the-alcohol-industry-mean-by-responsible-drinking-a-comparative-analysis
#13
N Maani Hessari, M Petticrew
Background: The alcohol industry uses responsible drinking messaging as a central element of its corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities. It has been argued that such messaging is vague, and potentially part of broader CSR activities to protect industry interests at the expense of public health. This study aimed to identify how industry defines responsible drinking, and in what contexts it is used. Methods: This was a qualitative documentary analysis of publicly available documents and web pages, including company web pages, press releases, reports and blogs from a representative selection of alcohol producers, and industry social aspect/public relations organizations; these were compared to health NGOs and Public Health England...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395592/nurses-perceptions-of-self-as-role-models-of-health
#14
Shelia Hurley, Joellen Edwards, Jann Cupp, Michael Phillips
This study purposed to determine the relationship between nurses' personal health practices and their perceptions of themselves as role models for health promotion, and assess the relationship of personal and professional characteristics both on perception of self as role model and on the practice of healthy behaviors. In this study of 804 Tennessee registered nurses, 4% report smoking, 24.9% drink alcohol, 34% are overweight, and 30% are obese. Approximately 70% do not meet the weekly physical activity recommendations of 150 min, and 36...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394747/risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-surgical-infections-among-spine-patients
#15
REVIEW
Alyssa G Blood, Melanie F Sandoval, Evalina Burger, Katherine Halverson-Carpenter
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to identify patient-specific and procedure-specific risk and protective factors associated with post-operative surgical site infections (SSIs) among surgical spine patients. METHODS: CINAHL, PubMed, Ovid, Medline, and EBSCO databases were searched for articles within the past 10 years (January 2003-March 2015). The keywords and combinations used in the search included: Spine surgery, post-operative infection, risk factors, orthopedic infections...
April 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384270/the-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-in-korean-adults-the-2009-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#16
Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: The consequences of alcohol consumption on health outcomes are largely determined by two separate, but related, dimensions of drinking: the total volume of alcohol consumed and the pattern of drinking. Most epidemiological studies focus on the amount of alcohol consumed and do not consider the pattern of drinking. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the prevalence of and factors associated with high-risk and heavy alcohol drinking in Korean adults. METHODS: This study analyzed 15,215 of the 28,009 participants in the 2009-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381227/social-determinants-of-breast-cancer-in-the-caribbean-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Catherine R Brown, Ian R Hambleton, Shawn M Hercules, Miriam Alvarado, Nigel Unwin, Madhuvanti M Murphy, E Nigel Harris, Rainford Wilks, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan, Natasha Sobers-Grannum
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the Caribbean and accounts for >1 million disability adjusted life years. Little is known about the social inequalities of this disease in the Caribbean. In support of the Rio Political Declaration on addressing health inequities, this article presents a systematic review of evidence on the distribution, by social determinants, of breast cancer risk factors, frequency, and adverse outcomes in Caribbean women...
April 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380695/adherence-to-nutrition-based-cancer-prevention-guidelines-and-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-the-mcc-spain-case-control-study
#18
Dora Romaguera, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Amaia Molinuevo, Jordi de Batlle, Michelle Mendez, Victor Moreno, Carmen Vidal, Adela Castelló, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Vicente Martín, Antonio J Molina, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Javier Llorca, Marcela Guevara, Jesús Castilla, Carmen Urtiaga, Cristóbal Llorens-Ivorra, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Adonina Tardón, José Andrés Lorca, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, José María Huerta, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, José Juan Jimenez-Moleon, Jone Altzibar, Silvia de Sanjosé, Marina Pollán, Núria Aragonés, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Manolis Kogevinas, Pilar Amiano
Prostate, breast and colorectal cancer are the most common tumours in Spain. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between adherence to nutrition-based guidelines for cancer prevention and prostate, breast and colorectal cancer, in the MCC-Spain case-control study. A total of 1718 colorectal, 1343 breast and 864 prostate cancer cases and 3431 population-based controls recruited between 2007 and 2012, were included in the present study. The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRC/AICR) score based on six recommendations for cancer prevention (on body fatness, physical activity, foods and drinks that promote weight gain, plant foods, animal foods and alcoholic drinks; score range 0-6) was constructed...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379884/parental-alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-leukemia-in-the-offspring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Maria A Karalexi, Nick Dessypris, Thomas P Thomopoulos, Evangelos Ntouvelis, Maria Kantzanou, Andreas-Antonios Diamantaras, Maria Moschovi, Margarita Baka, Emmanuel Hatzipantelis, Maria Kourti, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Eftichia Stiakaki, Ana-M Mora, Victor Wunsch-Filho, Claire Infante-Rivard, Dimitrios Loutradis, Eleni Th Petridou
Parental alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy has been linked to adverse outcomes in the offspring including leukemogenesis. We, therefore, aimed to systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize published data on the association of paternal consumption during preconception and maternal consumption during pregnancy with leukemia risk in childhood (0-14 years). Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we searched PubMed (until February 2016) and the reference lists of the relevant studies...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374148/lifestyle-interventions-are-feasible-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-with-potential-short-term-health-benefits-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Susan J Moug, Adam Bryce, Nanette Mutrie, Annie S Anderson
PURPOSE: Lifestyle interventions have been proposed to improve cancer survivorship in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), but with treatment pathways becoming increasingly multi-modal and prolonged, opportunities for interventions may be limited. This systematic review assessed the evidence for the feasibility of performing lifestyle interventions in CRC patients and evaluated any short- and long-term health benefits. METHODS: Using PRISMA Guidelines, selected keywords identified randomised controlled studies (RCTs) of lifestyle interventions [smoking, alcohol, physical activity (PA) and diet/excess body weight] in CRC patients...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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