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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#1
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157636/youth-sleep-durations-and-school-start-times-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-compass-study
#2
Karen A Patte, Adam G Cole, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: This study explored school start times (SST) in relation to sleep duration and adherence to guidelines among Canadian youth. METHODS: Using Year 4 (2015/2016) data from the Cannabis, Obesity, Mental health, Physical activity, Alcohol use, Smoking, and Sedentary behaviour (COMPASS) study, the sample included 35,821 grade 9-12 students at 78 secondary schools in Ontario and Alberta, Canada. Random intercepts models tested student-reported sleep duration and whether students met sleep recommendations, as a function of SST, controlling for student- (race/ethnicity, grade, sex, travel mode to school) and school-level (school-area urbanicity and median household income) correlates...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155082/association-of-gastric-intestinal-metaplasia-and-east-asian-ethnicity-with-the-risk-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-a-u-s-population
#3
Alyssa Y Choi, Lisa L Strate, Matthew C Fix, Rodney A Schmidt, Alexander R Ende, Matthew M Yeh, John M Inadomi, Joo Ha Hwang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the incidence of gastric cancer is higher than esophageal cancer in the United States, no screening or surveillance guidelines exist. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between gastric intestinal metaplasia and the risk of gastric cancer in a U.S. tertiary care system with a large immigrant population. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study with cases of biopsy-proven gastric cancer matched (by age and gender) to controls without gastric cancer who had undergone EGD...
November 16, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#4
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145545/treatment-of-alcohol-induced-psychotic-disorder-alcoholic-hallucinosis-a-systematic-review
#5
Barkat Masood, Peter Lepping, Dmitry Romanov, Rob Poole
Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of evidence based treatments for alcohol-induced psychotic disorder (AIPD) as described by ICD-10 and DSM-5, a condition that is distinct from schizophrenia and has a close relationship with alcohol withdrawal states. Method: Systematic review using PRISMA guidelines. Results: Of 6205 abstracts found, fifteen studies and ten case reports met criteria and were examined. Larger studies examined the use of first-generation antipsychotic drugs, reporting full or partial remission in most patients...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142480/case-of-familial-hyperlipoproteinemia-type-iii-hypertriglyceridemia-induced-acute-pancreatitis-role-for-outpatient-apheresis-maintenance-therapy
#6
Mohannad Abou Saleh, Emad Mansoor, Gregory S Cooper
Hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis (HTGP) accounts for up to 10% of acute pancreatitis presentations in non-pregnant individuals and is the third most common cause of acute pancreatitis after alcohol and gallstones. There are a number of retrospective studies and case reports that have suggested a role for apheresis and insulin infusion in the acute inpatient setting. We report a case of HTGP in a male with hyperlipoproteinemia type III who was treated successfully with insulin and apheresis on the initial inpatient presentation followed by bi-monthly outpatient maintenance apheresis sessions for the prevention of recurrent HTGP...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141591/the-impact-of-pregnancy-loss-on-men-s-health-and-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#7
Clemence Due, Stephanie Chiarolli, Damien W Riggs
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that men's psychological and physical health outcomes after pregnancy loss differ from those of women. Our goal was to identify all literature with a focus on men's experiences of pregnancy loss in order to outline current evidence concerning men's wellbeing. METHODS: A systematic review of literature on men and pregnancy loss was undertaken following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) and Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE) guidelines...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139185/mental-health-literacy-a-cross-cultural-study-of-american-and-chinese-bachelor-of-nursing-students
#8
Wei Liu, Ya-Min Li, Ying Peng
INTRODUCTION: Nursing students in the US and China have reported inadequate preparedness for practice in mental health nursing. It is important to investigate nursing students' mental health literacy levels for a better understanding of their practice readiness in mental health field upon completion of their education. AIM: This study was aimed at developing an understanding of American and Chinese nursing students' mental health literacy regarding the effectiveness of specific interventions for managing depression and schizophrenia...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135074/effects-of-alcohol-on-plasma-glucose-and-prevention-of-alcohol-induced-hypoglycemia-in-type-1-diabetes-a-systematic-review-with-grade
#9
REVIEW
R Tetzschner, K Nørgaard, A Ranjan
BACKGROUND: Since ethanol is thought to be a risk factor for severe hypoglycemia, patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are recommended to limit ethanol intake. However, little is known on how ethanol affects plasma glucose and how ethanol-induced hypoglycemia can be prevented. In this study, we systematically reviewed the literature for ethanol effects on plasma glucose and for prevention strategies on ethanol-induced hypoglycemia. METHODS: Electronic searches on PubMed and Google were conducted in February 2017...
November 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132732/the-role-of-artificial-and-natural-sweeteners-in-reducing-the-consumption-of-table-sugar-a-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Arshag D Mooradian, Meridith Smith, Masaaki Tokuda
The rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity worldwide has been partially attributed to the overconsumption of added sugars. Recent guidelines call for limiting the consumption of simple sugars to less than 10% of daily caloric consumption. High intensity sweeteners are regulated as food additives and include aspartame, acesulfame-k, neotame, saccharin, sucralose, cyclamate and alitame. Steviol glycosides and Luo Han Guo fruit extracts are high intensity sweeteners that are designated as generally recognized as safe (GRAS)...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124963/relevance-and-bio-catalytic-strategies-for-the-kinetic-resolution-of-ketoprofen-towards-dexketoprofen
#11
María Victoria Toledo, Laura Estefanía Briand
This review presents the most relevant investigations concerning the biocatalytic kinetic resolution of racemic ketoprofen to dexketoprofen for the last 22 years. The advantages related to the administration of the dex-enantiomer in terms of human health, the so called "chiral switch" in the pharmaceutical industry and the sustainability of biotransformations have been the driving forces to develop innovative technology to obtain dexketoprofen. In particular, the kinetic resolution of racemic ketoprofen through enantiomeric esterification and hydrolysis using lipases as biocatalysts are thoroughly revised and commented upon...
November 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122225/-web-visit-patterns-for-the-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-management-of-depressive-disorder-and-alcohol-abuse-dependence
#12
Fernando Suárez-Obando, Carlos Gómez Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) are a set of recommendations for professionals, patients, and families, in order to make decisions about health care. The CPG respond to the need for concise, accurate, practical, and up to date information. In the field of mental health, Colombia has developed three GPC; alcohol (GPC-OH), depression (GPC-TDA), and schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: To describe the Web Portal traffic related to psychiatry guidelines, with emphasis on the number of visits, distribution throughout Colombian cities, and estimating user behaviour patterns...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118995/added-fructose-as-a-principal-driver-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-public-health-crisis
#13
EDITORIAL
James J DiNicolantonio, Ashwin M Subramonian, James H O'Keefe
Fatty liver disease affects up to one out of every two adults in the western world. Data from animal and human studies implicate added sugars (eg, sucrose and high-fructose corn syrup) in the development of fatty liver disease and its consequences. Added fructose in particular, as a component of added sugars, may pose the greatest risk for fatty liver disease. Considering that there is no requirement for added sugars in the diet, dietary guidelines should recommend reducing the intake of added sugars to just 5% of total calories in order to decrease the prevalence of fatty liver disease and its related consequences...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117747/substance-use-among-danish-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Tina Sørensen, Hans Søe Riis Jespersen, Maj Vinberg, Ulrik Becker, Ola Ekholm, Anders Fink-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric disorders have a greater risk of mortality than the general population. Use or abuse of substances, including alcohol, play a crucial part in this context. Moreover, it is well known that drug use can worsen psychopathology and reduce treatment compliance. However, the magnitude of these problems among Danish psychiatric patients has not been studied previously. AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate substance use among psychiatric patients in the Capital Region of Denmark...
November 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114901/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-calcipotriol
#15
Liesbeth Gilissen, Sara Huygens, An Goossens
BACKGROUND: Calcipotriol, a synthetic vitamin D analogue, is widely used for the topical treatment of psoriasis. It often causes irritant reactions, whereas allergic contact dermatitis has less commonly been reported. OBJECTIVES: To report on 6 patients (among them an 11-year-old child) who presented with eczematous lesions complicating pre-existing dermatitis, observed in our tertiary referral patch test clinic between 2004 and 2016. METHODS: Patch tests were performed with the commercial preparation used by the patients and/or its ingredients, including calcipotriol (2 or 10 µg/ml in isopropyl alcohol), according to ESCD patch test guidelines...
November 8, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106577/pacing-for-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy-an-update-and-future-directions
#16
Claude Daubert, Fredrik Gadler, Philippe Mabo, Cecilia Linde
In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with symptoms caused by left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO), treatment options include negative inotropic drugs, myectomy, septal alcohol ablation and AV sequential pacing with or without an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Pacing is rarely used in spite of its relative simplicity and promising results. In this review the current evidence of AV sequential pacing from observational, randomised studies and long and very long-term follow-up studies is given and put in the context of present guidelines recommendations...
June 30, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096421/glucocorticosteroids-for-people-with-alcoholic-hepatitis
#17
REVIEW
Chavdar S Pavlov, Daria L Varganova, Giovanni Casazza, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic hepatitis is a form of alcoholic liver disease, characterised by steatosis, necroinflammation, fibrosis, and potential complications to the liver disease. Typically, alcoholic hepatitis presents in people between 40 and 50 years of age. Alcoholic hepatitis can be resolved if people abstain from drinking, but the risk of death will depend on the severity of the liver damage and abstinence from alcohol. Glucocorticosteroids are used as anti-inflammatory drugs for people with alcoholic hepatitis...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095032/-reply-alcohol-consumption-recommendations-in-the-dietary-guidelines-for-the-spanish-population-a-very-ambiguous-message
#18
Lluis Serra-Majem, Javier Aranceta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095031/-alcohol-consumption-recommendations-in-the-dietary-guidelines-for-the-spanish-population-a-very-ambiguous-message
#19
Iñaki Galán, Nuria Aragonés, Joan Ramón Villalbí
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083080/underappreciation-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-by-primary-care-clinicians-limited-awareness-of-surrogate-markers-of-fibrosis
#20
Preya J Patel, Xuan Banh, Leigh U Horsfall, Kelly L Hayward, Fabrina Hossain, Tracey Johnson, Katherine A Stuart, Nigel N Brown, Nivene Saad, Andrew Clouston, Katharine M Irvine, Anthony W Russell, Patricia C Valery, Suzanne Williams, Elizabeth E Powell
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common cause of incidental liver test abnormalities. General practitioners have a key role in identifying people with NAFLD at risk of significant liver disease. Recent specialist guidelines emphasize the use of fibrosis algorithms or serum biomarkers rather than routine liver tests, to assess advanced fibrosis. This study evaluated primary care clinicians' current approach to diagnosis, management and referral of NAFLD. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of primary care clinicians was undertaken through a structured questionnaire about NAFLD...
October 30, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
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