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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329583/dermatologic-care-of-the-transgender-patient
#1
Timothy Hermosura Almazan, Filamer D Kabigting
Literature is limited regarding the medical and cosmetic dermatologic issues pertinent to transgender patients and the reasons why 19 transgender individuals seek care from dermatologists. Clinical management of this population has historically been limited to 20 mental health providers, endocrinologists, and select surgeons with expertise in sex reassignment surgery. The impact of hormonal 21 therapy on transgender skin has been well documented in endocrinology journals, but is underrepresented in dermatology 22 literature...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329433/understanding-maternal-postpartum-needs-a-descriptive-survey-of-current-maternal-health-services
#2
Mona Ma Almalik
OBJECTIVE: To assess mothers' learning needs and concerns after giving birth and to examine whether these needs were met at 6-8 weeks postpartum. BACKGROUND: Women experience many physiologic and psychological changes during postpartum period which is considered a vital transitional time. Exploring and meeting women's needs help woman to pass this period with little complications and enhance health care provider's ability to provide appropriate care following childbirth...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329352/costs-and-consequences-of-early-hospital-discharge-after-major-inpatient-surgery-in-older-adults
#3
Scott E Regenbogen, Anne H Cain-Nielsen, Edward C Norton, Lena M Chen, John D Birkmeyer, Jonathan S Skinner
Importance: As prospective payment transitions to bundled reimbursement, many US hospitals are implementing protocols to shorten hospitalization after major surgery. These efforts could have unintended consequences and increase overall surgical episode spending if they induce more frequent postdischarge care use or readmissions. Objective: To evaluate the association between early postoperative discharge practices and overall surgical episode spending and expenditures for postdischarge care use and readmissions...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329212/clinical-status-of-adolescents-with-perinatal-hiv-at-transfer-to-adult-care-in-the-uk-ireland
#4
Intira Jeannie Collins, Caroline Foster, Anna Tostevin, Pat Tookey, Andrew Riordan, David Dunn, D M Gibb, Ali Judd
Background.: Increasing numbers of children infected perinatally with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are surviving to adolescence and transitioning to adult care, yet there are scarce data on their clinical status at transfer. Methods.: We analyzed prospective cohort data from the UK/Ireland national Collaborative HIV Pediatric Study (CHIPS). Clinical status at last pediatric clinic visit prior to transfer was described. Factors associated with higher CD4 cell count and viral load (VL) suppression<400 c/mL among patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) at transfer were assessed using linear and logistic regression, respectively...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327147/medical-student-changes-in-self-regulated-learning-during-the-transition-to-the-clinical-environment
#5
Kenneth K Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning (SRL), which is learners' ability to proactively select and use different strategies to reach learning goals, is associated with academic and clinical success and life-long learning. SRL does not develop automatically in the clinical environment and its development during the preclinical to clinical learning transition has not been quantitatively studied. Our study aims to fill this gap by measuring SRL in medical students during the transitional period and examining its contributing factors...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325798/management-of-inpatient-hyperglycemia-and-diabetes-in-older-adults
#6
Guillermo E Umpierrez, Francisco J Pasquel
Adults aged 65 years and older are the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, and their number is expected to double to 89 million between 2010 and 2050. The prevalence of diabetes in hospitalized adults aged 65-75 years and over 80 years of age has been estimated to be 20% and 40%, respectively. Similar to general populations, the presence of hyperglycemia and diabetes in elderly patients is associated with increased risk of hospital complications, longer length of stay, and increased mortality compared with subjects with normoglycemia...
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325583/optimizing-endometrial-cancer-follow-up-and-survivorship-care-for-rural-and-other-underserved-women-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#7
Teresa L Rutledge, Miria Kano, Dolores Guest, Andrew Sussman, Anita Y Kinney
OBJECTIVES: This study describes patient and provider attitudes on transitioning cancer surveillance visits and treatment of comorbid conditions to the primary care setting in a rural patient population as a strategy for minimizing financial and travel related barriers for patients while simultaneously enhancing quality and availability of health care options. METHODS: Focus group discussions and telephone interviews were conducted with endometrial cancer (EC) survivors and primary care providers (PCPs) to provide insights into post-treatment follow-up practices and the acceptability of transitioning follow-up to primary care setting utilizing a cancer survivorship care plan model...
March 18, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325535/age-is-just-a-number-wpath-affiliated-surgeons-experiences-and-attitudes-toward-vaginoplasty-in-transgender-females-under-18-years-of-age-in-the-united-states
#8
Christine Milrod, Dan H Karasic
BACKGROUND: A rising number of female-affirmed transgender adolescents are being treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues and subsequently cross-sex hormones at early or mid-puberty, with vaginoplasty as the presumed final step in their physical transition. But, despite the minimum age of 18 years defining eligibility to undergo this irreversible procedure, anecdotal reports have shown that vaginoplasties are being performed on minors by surgeons in the United States, thereby contravening the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) standards of care (SOC)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324902/dysphagia-management-in-the-schools-past-present-and-future
#9
Cynthia R O'Donoghue, Elizabeth E Nottingham
As the number of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) responsible for swallowing and feeding services in the educational setting increases, guidance informing this specialized practice continues to emerge. Although SLPs have provided dysphagia management for children in medical settings for many years, the extension of dysphagia services to the schools is comparatively new. This shift in care delivery for what was previously a hospital-based practice is now occurring more frequently, and in an environment void of extensive medical supports (i...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324899/infant-guided-co-regulated-feeding-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-part-i-theoretical-underpinnings-for-neuroprotection-and-safety
#10
Catherine S Shaker
The rapid progress in medical and technical innovations in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has been accompanied by concern for outcomes of NICU graduates. Although advances in neonatal care have led to significant changes in survival rates of very small and extremely preterm neonates, early feeding difficulties with the transition from tube feeding to oral feeding are prominent and often persist beyond discharge to home. Progress in learning to feed in the NICU and continued growth in feeding skills after the NICU may be closely tied to fostering neuroprotection and safety...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324220/understanding-when-a-partner-is-not-in-the-mood-sexual-communal-strength-in-couples-transitioning-to-parenthood
#11
Amy Muise, James J Kim, Emily A Impett, Natalie O Rosen
Situations in which one partner is interested in having sex but the other partner is not "in the mood" are common in relationships. We extend previous work on sexual communal strength-the motivation to be responsive to a partner's sexual needs-to demonstrate that in addition to the motivation to meet a partner's need to have sex, the motivation to be understanding about a partner's need not to engage in sex is uniquely associated with sexual and relationship satisfaction. In Study 1, we adapted a measure of sexual communal strength for having sex (SCSS) to create a new measure of sexual communal strength for not having sex (SCSN)...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324088/transitions-in-house-staff-care-and-patient-mortality
#12
LETTER
Joshua L Denson, Leora I Horwitz, Scott E Sherman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324085/transitions-in-house-staff-care-and-patient-mortality
#13
LETTER
Justin S Sadhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323690/organizational-structural-design-in-spine-care
#14
Alok D Sharan, Gregory D Schroeder, Michael E West, Alexander R Vaccaro
For a company to provide high value to its customers, its organization design is critical. As health care transitions to a value-based model, it is critical that spinal care organizations are structured in such a way that they can maximize value to both the patient and the payers. This article will discuss the 3 most common ways that an organization can be structured, and the benefits and problems of each design in spinal care.
April 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323335/surgical-guidelines-for-perioperative-management-of-older-adults-what-geriatricians-need-to-know
#15
Jessica L Colburn, Sanjay Mohanty, John R Burton
A multidisciplinary panel of experts representing surgery, anesthesia, and geriatrics recently published guidelines for surgeons on the optimal perioperative management of older adults, including recommendations on postoperative recovery and posthospital transitions of care. Geriatricians have an important role in the care for older adults in the preoperative period as older adults consider surgical options and prepare for surgical procedures, during the perioperative period as inpatient consultants, and in the postoperative period as older adults transition to rehabilitation facilities or to home...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322638/barriers-in-transitioning-patients-with-severe-obesity-from-hospitals-to-nursing-homes
#16
Christine Bradway, Holly C Felix, Tonya Whitfield, Xiaocong Li
This cross-sectional, descriptive study explored perspectives of discharge planners regarding transitions of hospitalized patients who are severely obese seeking discharge to a nursing home. Attention has been focused on care transitions regarding high hospital readmission rates, yet specific needs of patients who are severely obese have been largely overlooked. Ninety-seven (response rate 39.8%) discharge planners returned surveys addressing frequency of, and issues encountered when, arranging placements. Community and hospital characteristics were also collected...
December 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322632/cost-effectiveness-of-a-care-transition-intervention-among-multimorbid-patients
#17
Lani Zimmerman, Fernando A Wilson, Myra S Schmaderer, Leeza Struwe, Bunny Pozehl, Audrey Paulman, Lisa C Bratzke, Kim Moore, Libby Raetz, Barb George
The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of four different doses (based on patients' level of cognition and activation) of a home-based care transitions intervention compared with usual care at 2 and 6 months after hospital discharge to home for 126 adult patients with three or more chronic diseases. Health care utilization was measured, and a cost-effectiveness analysis was used to estimate incremental costs and quality-adjusted life-years associated with each intervention arm. At 6 months, results from this pilot study are very promising and support cost-effectiveness for Group 2-low cognition/high activation, Group 3-normal cognition/low activation, and Group 4-normal cognition/high activation patients...
October 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320907/a-velocity-map-imaging-study-of-methyl-non-resonant-multiphoton-ionization-from-the-photodissociation-of-ch3i-in-the-a-band
#18
Sonia Marggi Poullain, David V Chicharro, Luis Rubio-Lago, Alberto García-Vela, Luis Bañares
Chemical reaction dynamics and, particularly, photodissociation in the gas phase are generally studied using pump-probe schemes where a first laser pulse induces the process under study and a second one detects the produced fragments. Providing an efficient detection of ro-vibrationally state-selected photofragments, the resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) technique is, without question, the most popular approach used for the probe step, while non-resonant multiphoton ionization (NRMPI) detection of the products is scarce...
April 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320347/facilitators-and-barriers-to-uptake-and-adherence-to-lifelong-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-uganda-a-qualitative-study
#19
Esther Buregyeya, Rose Naigino, Aggrey Mukose, Fred Makumbi, Godfrey Esiru, Jim Arinaitwe, Joshua Musinguzi, Rhoda K Wanyenze
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Uganda started implementing lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) in line with the WHO 2012 guidelines. This study explored experiences of HIV infected pregnant and breastfeeding women regarding barriers and facilitators to uptake and adherence to lifelong ART. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional qualitative study conducted in three districts (Masaka, Mityana and Luwero) in Uganda, between February and May 2014...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319367/structural-stability-from-crystallographic-shear-in-tio2-nb2o5-phases-cation-ordering-and-lithiation-behavior-of-tinb24o62
#20
Kent J Griffith, Anatoliy Senyshyn, Clare P Grey
The host structure and reversible lithium insertion and extraction of an intercalation compound, TiNb24O62, are described. Neutron diffraction, applied for the first time to TiNb24O62, allowed an accurate refinement of the complex block superstructure, particularly with respect to the oxygen sublattice. Analysis of the transition-metal sites revealed significant cation ordering in the mixed-metal oxide. Electrochemical analysis demonstrated highly reversible lithium intercalation with ca. 190 mA·h·g(-1) after 100 cycles (C/10 rate, 3 months)...
March 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
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