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Pediatric robotics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894745/cevl-interactive-promoting-effective-teamwork-to-perform-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-in-pediatric-urology
#1
EDITORIAL
Belinda Li, Max Maizels, Dennis Liu, Edward Ming-Luan Gong, Bruce W Lindgren, Neha Malhotra, Diana Bowen, Sean Corbett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867846/what-s-the-best-minimal-invasive-approach-to-pediatric-nephrectomy-and-heminephrectomy-conventional-laparoscopy-cl-single-site-less-or-robotics-ras
#2
REVIEW
Holger Till, Ali Basharkhah, Andras Hock
BACKGROUND: Conventional laparoscopy (CL) using 3-5 mm ports has become the goldstandard for pediatric nephrectomy (N), heminephrectomy (HN) and heminephrecto-ureterectomy (HNU) for many years now. Recently the spectrum of minimal invasive surgery (MIS) has been extended by variants like laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) or robot-assisted surgery (RAS). However such technical developments tend to drive surgical euphoria and feasibility studies, but may miss adequate academic research about function and proven patients' benefits...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867842/pediatric-anesthesia-for-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pediatric-urology
#3
REVIEW
Gianmario Spinelli, Maria Vargas, Gianfranco Aprea, Giuseppe Cortese, Giuseppe Servillo
Laparoscopic or robotic minimally invasive approaches have become the standard of care for many urological pediatric surgical procedures. Anesthetic concerns for conventional and robotic laparoscopy are similar since they both require insufflations of CO2 to allow visualization of surgical field and perform surgery. Even if required insufflation pressures and volumes are lower in pediatric patients (given the small size of the abdomen and laxity of the abdominal walls), the associated increase of intra-abdominal pressure, along with absorption of CO2 and surgical positioning requirement, may result in neurendocrine and mechanical impact capable to mine cardiopulmonary function...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867840/instrumentation-for-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pediatric-urology
#4
REVIEW
Dalia Gobbi, Paola Midrio, Piergiorgio Gamba
The success of modern surgery is dependent on the availability of good equipment and instruments. This dependence increases along with the degree of sophistication of the surgery performed. Paediatric minimally invasive and endoscopic surgery are sophisticated techniques where imaging is obtained through a video-circuit. Endoscopic surgery has opened the field of virtual reality in surgery, and in minimally invasive surgery the actual operation is done through a limited number of small holes. Robot-assisted urologic surgery is an emerging and safe technology for many urologic paediatric operations, although further documentation, including long-term functional outcome, is deemed necessary before definite conclusions can be drawn regarding the superiority or not of robotic assistance compared to conventional laparoscopic approaches...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842562/locomotor-training-through-a-novel-robotic-platform-for-gait-rehabilitation-in-pediatric-population-short-report
#5
C Bayón, S Lerma, O Ramírez, J I Serrano, M D Del Castillo, R Raya, J M Belda-Lois, I Martínez, E Rocon
BACKGROUND: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a disorder of posture and movement due to a defect in the immature brain. The use of robotic devices as alternative treatment to improve the gait function in patients with CP has increased. Nevertheless, current gait trainers are focused on controlling complete joint trajectories, avoiding postural control and the adaptation of the therapy to a specific patient. This paper presents the applicability of a new robotic platform called CPWalker in children with spastic diplegia...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825585/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-lower-pole-partial-nephrectomy-in-the-pediatric-patient
#6
Ashley C Wiestma, Patricia S Cho, Michael V Hollis, Joseph Badway, Richard N Yu
INTRODUCTION: In pediatric urology, partial nephrectomy is used primarily to remove a non-functioning renal moiety in a duplicated system. There are few data on infants undergoing this procedure. As such, we present a robot-assisted laparoscopic lower pole partial nephrectomy in an infant. METHODS: Our patient was an 11-month-old (10.7 kg) male with a history of prenatal hydronephrosis, who was diagnosed postnatally with a duplicated right collecting system and severe hydroureteronephrosis of the right lower collecting system...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810692/kinematic-and-muscle-demand-similarities-between-motor-assisted-elliptical-training-and-walking-implications-for-pediatric-gait-rehabilitation
#7
Judith M Burnfield, Guilherme M Cesar, Thad W Buster, Sonya L Irons, Carl A Nelson
Many children with physical disabilities and special health care needs experience barriers to accessing effective therapeutic technologies to improve walking and fitness in healthcare and community environments. The expense of many robotic and exoskeleton technologies hinders widespread use in most clinics, school settings, and fitness facilities. A motor-assisted elliptical trainer that is being used to address walking and fitness deficits in adults was modified to enable children as young as three years of age to access the technology (Pedi-ICARE)...
October 24, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797645/survey-on-robot-assisted-surgical-techniques-utilization-in-us-pediatric-surgery-fellowships
#8
Ilan I Maizlin, Michelle C Shroyer, David C Yu, Colin A Martin, Mike K Chen, Robert T Russell
INTRODUCTION: Robotic technology has transformed both practice and education in many adult surgical specialties; no standardized training guidelines in pediatric surgery currently exist. The purpose of our study was to assess the prevalence of robotic procedures and extent of robotic surgery education in US pediatric surgery fellowships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A deidentified survey measured utilization of the robot, perception on the utility of the robot, and its incorporation in training among the program directors of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) pediatric surgery fellowships in the United States...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789217/reoperative-laparoscopic-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-repair-in-children-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-technique
#9
Paulo Renato Marcelo Moscardi, João Arthur Brunhara Alves Barbosa, Hiury Silva Andrade, Marcos Figueiredo Mello, Bruno Nicolino Cezarino, Lorena Marçalo Oliveira, Miguel Srougi, Francisco Tibor Dénes, Roberto Iglesias Lopes
INTRODUCTION: Failure after pyeloplasty for Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction (UPJO) in children may occur in up to 10% of cases. Treatment options include double-J stent placement, endoscopic treatment and reoperation. Laparoscopic and robotic reoperative modalities seem safe and efficacious, although pediatric series are limited in the literature. We here report on the largest series of reoperative laparoscopic UPJO repair in children and compared it to primary laparoscopic pyeloplasty...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785727/establishing-a-pediatric-robotic-surgery-program-in-canada
#10
Andreana Bütter, Neil Merritt, Sumit Dave
Despite the introduction of robotic surgery in 2000, few pediatric surgeons outside the United States have embraced this technology. We discuss our experience with establishing the first Canadian pediatric robotic surgery program. After simulator training, live animal surgery and observation of robotically assisted cases at an outside institution, we performed our first pediatric da Vinci(®) surgery in July 2013. A prospective database was established to assess outcomes. Forty one children have undergone robotically assisted surgery for the following 42 procedures: (a) pyeloplasty (17), (b) ureteral reimplantations (12), (c) uretero-uretostomy (1), (d) cholecystectomies (10), (e) interval appendectomy (1) and (f) distal pancreatectomy (1)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766551/validated-cost-comparison-of-open-vs-robotic-pyeloplasty-in-american-children-s-hospitals
#11
William E Bennett, Benjamin M Whittam, Konrad M Szymanski, Richard C Rink, Mark P Cain, Aaron E Carroll
The objective of this study is to determine the cost and charge differences between patients undergoing open vs. robotic pyeloplasty. This is a retrospective analysis of the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database in patients undergoing pyeloplasty between 2004 and 2013 conducted in large pediatric children's hospitals in the United States which contribute to PHIS. The participants included all pediatric patients undergoing pyeloplasty at these institutions. We assessed RCC-based cost, charge details, length of stay, and the presence of complications, and compared them between open and robotic cases...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765595/delayed-partial-nephrectomy-for-hydronephrosis-after-renal-trauma
#12
S Setia, J Jackson, C D Herndon, S Corbett
Delayed sequelae following conservative management of renal trauma in the pediatric population are uncommon. Reports of delayed operations to manage these sequelae are even less common. Here we present the case of a 16-year-old male patient who had delayed development of upper urinary tract obstruction with recurrent infections following high-grade renal trauma managed conservatively. Ultimately he required a robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy two years after initial non-operative management. This is unique as no prior studies to our knowledge have described delayed hydronephrosis and delayed partial nephrectomy over a year following renal trauma...
October 17, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729040/do-children-and-adolescent-ice-hockey-players-with-and-without-a-history-of-concussion-differ-in-robotic-testing-of-sensory-motor-and-cognitive-function
#13
C Elaine Little, Carolyn Emery, Stephen H Scott, Willem Meeuwisse, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Sean P Dukelow
BACKGROUND: KINARM end point robotic testing on a range of tasks evaluating sensory, motor and cognitive function in children/adolescents with no neurologic impairment has been shown to be reliable. The objective of this study was to determine whether differences in baseline performance on multiple robotic tasks could be identified between pediatric/adolescent ice hockey players (age range 10-14) with and without a history of concussion. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-five pediatric/adolescent ice hockey players (ages 10-14) completed robotic testing (94 with and 292 without a history of concussion)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697470/milestone-assessment-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pediatric-urology-fellowship-programs
#14
P H Smith, M Carpenter, K W Herbst, C Kim
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery has become an important aspect of Pediatric Urology fellowship training. In 2014, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education published the Pediatric Urology Milestone Project as a metric of fellow proficiency in multiple facets of training, including laparoscopic/robotic procedures. OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed trends in minimally invasive surgery training and utilization of the Milestones among recent Pediatric Urology fellows...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687533/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-bladder-augmentation-in-the-pediatric-patient
#15
A C Wiestma, C R Estrada, P S Cho, M V Hollis, R N Yu
INTRODUCTION: Bladder augmentation is a common surgical intervention for neuropathic bladder dysfunction, and has conventionally been an open procedure. We present a robotic ileocystoplasty to demonstrate the feasibility of an entirely intracorporeal approach in a pediatric patient. METHODS: The patient was a 6 year old (18.5 kg) boy with a neurogenic bladder secondary to lumbar myelomeningocele. Urodynamics revealed a small capacity and poorly compliant bladder and he was incontinent between frequent catheterizations...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676869/pediatric-stroke-rehabilitation-a-review-of-techniques-facilitating-motor-recovery
#16
Eleni Papathanasiou, Mathilde Chevignard, Carole Vuillerot, Anne Tiberghien, Ingrid Godard
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric stroke is a relatively rare medical condition, but it often leads to long lasting motor and cognitive impairments. Rehabilitation of motor impairments has been widely studied, with most studies performed in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, CP covers a variety of medical conditions, including brain lesions due to paediatric stroke occurring early in life, but not stroke occurring later on during childhood. The specificity of rehabilitation after paediatric stroke remains understudied...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663223/commentary-to-robotic-versus-open-pediatric-ureteral-reimplantation-costs-and-complications-from-a-nationwide-sample-journal-of-pediatric-urology
#17
Aseem R Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642626/fertility-sparing-surgery-for-the-management-of-young-women-with-embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-cervix-a-case-series
#18
Geneviève Bouchard-Fortier, Raymond H Kim, Lisa Allen, Abha Gupta, Taymaa May
OBJECTIVE: To report three cases of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) of the cervix in young women successfully treated with fertility-sparing surgery and chemotherapy. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, three cases of ERMS of the cervix were confirmed in young women at a single tertiary cancer center. All cases were managed by a pediatric oncologist and a gynecologic oncologist with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy. Fertility-sparing surgeries (cervical conization or robotic-assisted radical trachelectomy) were offered to patients depending on the tumor size...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636982/beyond-dilation-current-concepts-in-endoscopic-airway-stenting-and-reconstruction
#19
Sharon H Gnagi, David R White
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss current modalities of endoscopic airway management beyond balloon dilation therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances continue to be made through technology and bioengineering with exciting potential in the pediatric airway. Smaller robots and instrumentation allow increased endoscopic surgical success. Biodegradable stents and bioengineered grafts are on the horizon for use in airway surgery. Dysphonia following airway reconstruction is of increasing recognition with new endoscopic treatments being performed...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593917/robotic-versus-open-pediatric-ureteral-reimplantation-costs-and-complications-from-a-nationwide-sample
#20
Michael P Kurtz, Jeffrey J Leow, Briony K Varda, Tanya Logvinenko, Richard N Yu, Caleb P Nelson, Benjamin I Chung, Steven L Chang
INTRODUCTION: We sought to compare complications and direct costs for open ureteral reimplantation (OUR) versus robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation (RALUR) in a sample of hospitals performing both procedures. Anecdotal reports suggest that use of RALUR is increasing, but little is known of the outcomes and costs nationwide. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the costs and 90-day complications (of any Clavien grade) in a nationwide cohort of pediatric patients undergoing OUR or RALUR...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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