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Pediatric robotics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097262/lessons-learned-over-a-decade-of-pediatric-robotic-ureteral-reimplantation
#1
REVIEW
Minki Baek, Chester J Koh
The da Vinci robotic system has improved surgeon dexterity, ergonomics, and visualization to allow for a minimally invasive option for complex reconstructive procedures in children. Over the past decade, robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation (RALUR) has become a viable minimally invasive surgical option for pediatric vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). However, higher-than-expected complication rates and suboptimal reflux resolution rates at some centers have also been reported. The heterogeneity of surgical outcomes may arise from the inherent and underestimated complexity of the RALUR procedure that may justify its reclassification as a complex reconstructive procedure and especially for robotic surgeons early in their learning curve...
January 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069028/robot-aided-developmental-assessment-of-wrist-proprioception-in-children
#2
Francesca Marini, Valentina Squeri, Pietro Morasso, Claudio Campus, Jürgen Konczak, Lorenzo Masia
BACKGROUND: Several neurodevelopmental disorders and brain injuries in children have been associated with proprioceptive dysfunction that will negatively affect their movement. Unfortunately, there is lack of reliable and objective clinical examination protocols and our current knowledge of how proprioception evolves in typically developing children is still sparse. METHODS: Using a robotic exoskeleton, we investigated proprioceptive acuity of the wrist in a group of 49 typically developing healthy children (8-15 years), and a group of 40 young adults...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039051/pediatric-robot-assisted-redo-pyeloplasty-with-buccal-mucosa-graft-a-novel-technique
#3
Jennifer J Ahn, Michael E Shapiro, Jonathan S Ellison, Thomas S Lendvay
OBJECTIVE: To report a novel approach of pediatric robot-assisted redo pyeloplasty with buccal mucosa graft (BMG). METHODS: An IRB-approved retrospective review of all patients undergoing robot-assisted redo pyeloplasty with BMG at our institution was performed. OPERATIVE DETAILS: For all patients, the following ports were used: one 8.5mm camera, two 8mm robotic, and one 5mm assistant. Initial dissection was performed laparoscopically and robotically, and the ureter was incised longitudinally along the anterior surface...
December 27, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004263/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-the-pediatric-head-and-neck-surgeries
#4
Evren Erkul, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Deepak Mehta, Utku Aydil
Pediatric robotic surgery is a relatively new technology that has been shown to be safe and feasible for a number of pediatric procedures. Our literature analysis was performed using Pubmed database between January 2005 and December 2015, using key words: "robotic," "robotic surgery," "TORS," "pediatric," "children," "head and neck," and "da Vinci". We selected only publications in English. Eight published reports met the selection criteria. We totally found 41 patients, and the age range was between 2 months and 19 years...
December 21, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992297/single-port-robotic-cholecystectomy-in-pediatric-patients-single-institution-experience
#5
Armando Rosales-Velderrain, Fuad Alkhoury
INTRODUCTION: Modifications to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy are aimed to decrease abdominal pain and improve cosmetic results. Single-port robotic cholecystectomy is a safe and feasible approach that has been reported in adults, though reports are limited in children. This study aims to report our experience with single-port robotic cholecystectomy in children, and to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and outcomes of this approach. METHODS: After single-port robotic approach was available at our institution, we prospectively followed our patients who underwent a single-port robotic cholecystectomy from March 2013 to May 2015 in our children's hospital...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922703/robotkirurgi-p%C3%A3-bred-front-%C3%A2-utan-evidensbaserad-grund-tekniken-anv%C3%A3-nds-allt-mer-trots-att-den-%C3%A3-r-dyr-och-att-vetenskapliga-bevis-f%C3%A3-r-patientnytta-saknas
#6
Henrik Sjövall, Josefine Persson
Robot-assisted surgery on a broad front - without evidence for being cost-effective Robot-assisted surgery is currently heavily marketed. The HTA centre in Region Västra Götaland has produced five HTA reports regarding use of robot-assisted surgery in different clinical situations (prostatic cancer, benign gynaecological surgery, pediatric pyeloplasty and fundoplication, and rectal cancer), finding weak evidence for a patient value. The current report by Per Carlsson et al confirms that robot-assisted surgery indeed leads to increased costs that are not balanced by augmented patient value, i...
November 29, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894745/cevl-interactive-promoting-effective-teamwork-to-perform-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-in-pediatric-urology
#7
EDITORIAL
Belinda Li, Max Maizels, Dennis Liu, Edward Ming-Luan Gong, Bruce W Lindgren, Neha Malhotra, Diana Bowen, Sean Corbett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867846/what-s-the-best-minimal-invasive-approach-to-pediatric-nephrectomy-and-heminephrectomy-conventional-laparoscopy-cl-single-site-less-or-robotics-ras
#8
REVIEW
Holger Till, Ali Basharkhah, Andras Hock
BACKGROUND: Conventional laparoscopy (CL) using 3-5 mm ports has become the goldstandard for pediatric nephrectomy (N), heminephrectomy (HN) and heminephrecto-ureterectomy (HNU) for many years now. Recently the spectrum of minimal invasive surgery (MIS) has been extended by variants like laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) or robot-assisted surgery (RAS). However such technical developments tend to drive surgical euphoria and feasibility studies, but may miss adequate academic research about function and proven patients' benefits...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867842/pediatric-anesthesia-for-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pediatric-urology
#9
REVIEW
Gianmario Spinelli, Maria Vargas, Gianfranco Aprea, Giuseppe Cortese, Giuseppe Servillo
Laparoscopic or robotic minimally invasive approaches have become the standard of care for many urological pediatric surgical procedures. Anesthetic concerns for conventional and robotic laparoscopy are similar since they both require insufflations of CO2 to allow visualization of surgical field and perform surgery. Even if required insufflation pressures and volumes are lower in pediatric patients (given the small size of the abdomen and laxity of the abdominal walls), the associated increase of intra-abdominal pressure, along with absorption of CO2 and surgical positioning requirement, may result in neurendocrine and mechanical impact capable to mine cardiopulmonary function...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867840/instrumentation-for-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pediatric-urology
#10
REVIEW
Dalia Gobbi, Paola Midrio, Piergiorgio Gamba
The success of modern surgery is dependent on the availability of good equipment and instruments. This dependence increases along with the degree of sophistication of the surgery performed. Paediatric minimally invasive and endoscopic surgery are sophisticated techniques where imaging is obtained through a video-circuit. Endoscopic surgery has opened the field of virtual reality in surgery, and in minimally invasive surgery the actual operation is done through a limited number of small holes. Robot-assisted urologic surgery is an emerging and safe technology for many urologic paediatric operations, although further documentation, including long-term functional outcome, is deemed necessary before definite conclusions can be drawn regarding the superiority or not of robotic assistance compared to conventional laparoscopic approaches...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842562/locomotor-training-through-a-novel-robotic-platform-for-gait-rehabilitation-in-pediatric-population-short-report
#11
C Bayón, S Lerma, O Ramírez, J I Serrano, M D Del Castillo, R Raya, J M Belda-Lois, I Martínez, E Rocon
BACKGROUND: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a disorder of posture and movement due to a defect in the immature brain. The use of robotic devices as alternative treatment to improve the gait function in patients with CP has increased. Nevertheless, current gait trainers are focused on controlling complete joint trajectories, avoiding postural control and the adaptation of the therapy to a specific patient. This paper presents the applicability of a new robotic platform called CPWalker in children with spastic diplegia...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825585/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-lower-pole-partial-nephrectomy-in-the-pediatric-patient
#12
Ashley C Wiestma, Patricia S Cho, Michael V Hollis, Joseph Badway, Richard N Yu
INTRODUCTION: In pediatric urology, partial nephrectomy is used primarily to remove a non-functioning renal moiety in a duplicated system. There are few data on infants undergoing this procedure. As such, we present a robot-assisted laparoscopic lower pole partial nephrectomy in an infant. METHODS: Our patient was an 11-month-old (10.7 kg) male with a history of prenatal hydronephrosis, who was diagnosed postnatally with a duplicated right collecting system and severe hydroureteronephrosis of the right lower collecting system...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810692/kinematic-and-muscle-demand-similarities-between-motor-assisted-elliptical-training-and-walking-implications-for-pediatric-gait-rehabilitation
#13
Judith M Burnfield, Guilherme M Cesar, Thad W Buster, Sonya L Irons, Carl A Nelson
Many children with physical disabilities and special health care needs experience barriers to accessing effective therapeutic technologies to improve walking and fitness in healthcare and community environments. The expense of many robotic and exoskeleton technologies hinders widespread use in most clinics, school settings, and fitness facilities. A motor-assisted elliptical trainer that is being used to address walking and fitness deficits in adults was modified to enable children as young as three years of age to access the technology (Pedi-ICARE)...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797645/survey-on-robot-assisted-surgical-techniques-utilization-in-us-pediatric-surgery-fellowships
#14
Ilan I Maizlin, Michelle C Shroyer, David C Yu, Colin A Martin, Mike K Chen, Robert T Russell
INTRODUCTION: Robotic technology has transformed both practice and education in many adult surgical specialties; no standardized training guidelines in pediatric surgery currently exist. The purpose of our study was to assess the prevalence of robotic procedures and extent of robotic surgery education in US pediatric surgery fellowships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A deidentified survey measured utilization of the robot, perception on the utility of the robot, and its incorporation in training among the program directors of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) pediatric surgery fellowships in the United States...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789217/reoperative-laparoscopic-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-repair-in-children-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-technique
#15
Paulo Renato Marcelo Moscardi, João Arthur Brunhara Alves Barbosa, Hiury Silva Andrade, Marcos Figueiredo Mello, Bruno Nicolino Cezarino, Lorena Marçalo Oliveira, Miguel Srougi, Francisco Tibor Dénes, Roberto Iglesias Lopes
PURPOSE: Failure after pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children may occur in up to 10% of cases. Therapeutic options include Double-J® stent placement, endoscopic treatment and reoperation. Laparoscopic and robotic reoperative modalities seem safe and efficacious, although pediatric series are limited in the literature. We report the largest known series of reoperative laparoscopic ureteropelvic junction obstruction repair in children and compare this approach to primary laparoscopic pyeloplasty...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785727/establishing-a-pediatric-robotic-surgery-program-in-canada
#16
Andreana Bütter, Neil Merritt, Sumit Dave
Despite the introduction of robotic surgery in 2000, few pediatric surgeons outside the United States have embraced this technology. We discuss our experience with establishing the first Canadian pediatric robotic surgery program. After simulator training, live animal surgery and observation of robotically assisted cases at an outside institution, we performed our first pediatric da Vinci(®) surgery in July 2013. A prospective database was established to assess outcomes. Forty one children have undergone robotically assisted surgery for the following 42 procedures: (a) pyeloplasty (17), (b) ureteral reimplantations (12), (c) uretero-uretostomy (1), (d) cholecystectomies (10), (e) interval appendectomy (1) and (f) distal pancreatectomy (1)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766551/validated-cost-comparison-of-open-vs-robotic-pyeloplasty-in-american-children-s-hospitals
#17
William E Bennett, Benjamin M Whittam, Konrad M Szymanski, Richard C Rink, Mark P Cain, Aaron E Carroll
The objective of this study is to determine the cost and charge differences between patients undergoing open vs. robotic pyeloplasty. This is a retrospective analysis of the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database in patients undergoing pyeloplasty between 2004 and 2013 conducted in large pediatric children's hospitals in the United States which contribute to PHIS. The participants included all pediatric patients undergoing pyeloplasty at these institutions. We assessed RCC-based cost, charge details, length of stay, and the presence of complications, and compared them between open and robotic cases...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765595/delayed-partial-nephrectomy-for-hydronephrosis-after-renal-trauma
#18
S Setia, J Jackson, C D Herndon, S Corbett
Delayed sequelae following conservative management of renal trauma in the pediatric population are uncommon. Reports of delayed operations to manage these sequelae are even less common. Here we present the case of a 16-year-old male patient who had delayed development of upper urinary tract obstruction with recurrent infections following high-grade renal trauma managed conservatively. Ultimately he required a robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy two years after initial non-operative management. This is unique as no prior studies to our knowledge have described delayed hydronephrosis and delayed partial nephrectomy over a year following renal trauma...
October 17, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729040/do-children-and-adolescent-ice-hockey-players-with-and-without-a-history-of-concussion-differ-in-robotic-testing-of-sensory-motor-and-cognitive-function
#19
C Elaine Little, Carolyn Emery, Stephen H Scott, Willem Meeuwisse, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Sean P Dukelow
BACKGROUND: KINARM end point robotic testing on a range of tasks evaluating sensory, motor and cognitive function in children/adolescents with no neurologic impairment has been shown to be reliable. The objective of this study was to determine whether differences in baseline performance on multiple robotic tasks could be identified between pediatric/adolescent ice hockey players (age range 10-14) with and without a history of concussion. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-five pediatric/adolescent ice hockey players (ages 10-14) completed robotic testing (94 with and 292 without a history of concussion)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697470/milestone-assessment-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pediatric-urology-fellowship-programs
#20
P H Smith, M Carpenter, K W Herbst, C Kim
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery has become an important aspect of Pediatric Urology fellowship training. In 2014, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education published the Pediatric Urology Milestone Project as a metric of fellow proficiency in multiple facets of training, including laparoscopic/robotic procedures. OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed trends in minimally invasive surgery training and utilization of the Milestones among recent Pediatric Urology fellows...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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