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Pediatric robotics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144910/re-pediatric-robot-assisted-redo-pyeloplasty-with-buccal-mucosa-graft-a-novel-technique
#1
Jeffrey A Cadeddu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127962/minimally-invasive-hepatobiliary-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Omid Madadi-Sanjani, Claus Petersen, Benno Ure
Comparative studies and large-scale case series that confirm the advantages of laparoscopy in children with hepatobiliary diseases are scarce, and the use of laparoscopy remains a matter of debate. This article reviews the current literature on the role of laparoscopic and robotic surgery in pediatric patients with choledochal cyst, biliary atresia, gallbladder diseases, and hepatobiliary malignancies. Studies were identified through a search of the MEDLINE database. Laparoscopy may be beneficial for resection of choledochal cyst and cholecystectomy...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121944/first-experience-of-robotic-spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy-in-a-child-with-insulinoma
#3
Ming-Gen Hu, Yuan-Hong Xiao, Dong-Da Song, Guo-Dong Zhao, Yan-Zhe Liu, Zheng Wang, Hao-Yu Li, Rong Liu
BACKGROUND: An insulinoma is a functional neuroendocrine pancreatic tumor, and surgical resection is indicated. Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgeries have been shown to be generally safe and feasible for treatment of pediatric cases of urologic and digestive disease. CASE PRESENTATION: In July 2016, a 9-year-old girl (24 kg, 120 cm) was admitted with a pancreatic tail insulinoma and underwent robot-assisted spleen-preserving laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116864/robotic-pyeloplasty-in-children-a-barbed-shortcut
#4
Anna Radford, Alexander Turner, Junaid Ashraf, Ramnath Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Dismembered pyeloplasty remains the gold standard for the treatment of pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO). Robotic approach to this procedure has proven its efficacy and is gaining popularity. The introduction of barbed sutures such as "V-Loc™" (Covidien) has provided an addition to the sutures available for pyeloplasty. This work provides our experience with the V-Loc suture for closure of pelvis in children for robotic pyeloplasty (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of 10 pediatric RP (da Vinci Robotic System) during which the V-Loc suture was used was performed...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104998/ankle-passive-and-active-movement-training-in-children-with-acute-brain-injury-using-a-wearable-robot
#5
Kai Chen, Bo Xiong, Yupeng Ren, Assaf Dvorkin, Deboah Gaebler-Spira, Charles Sisung, Li-Qun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a wearable robotic device in guiding isometric torque generation and passive-active movement training for ankle motor recovery in children with acute brain injury. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Ten inpatient children with acute brain injury being treated in a rehabilitation hospital. DESIGN: Daily robot-guided ankle passive-active movement therapy for 15 sessions, including isometric torque generation under real-time feedback, stretch-ing, and active movement training with motivating games using a wearable ankle rehabilitation robot...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079484/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-megaureter-tapering-with-ureteral-reimplantation-tips-and-tricks
#6
Belinda Li, Bruce W Lindgren, Dennis B Liu, Edward M Gong
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to demonstrate surgical techniques used in pediatric robot-assisted laparoscopic megaureter tapering (RALMT) with ureteral reimplantation. We report on our preliminary experience. METHODS: We reviewed video of patients who underwent RALMT with ureteral reimplantation between August 2012 and November 2015. MT was performed extravesically and ureteral reimplantation was performed by extravesical detrusorrhaphy with ureteral anchoring. All patients had an intraoperatively placed ureteral stent...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074334/robotically-assisted-long-bone-biopsy-under-mri-imaging-workflow-and-preclinical-study
#7
Kevin Cleary, Sunghwan Lim, Changhan Jun, Reza Monfaredi, Karun Sharma, Stanley Thomas Fricke, Luis Vargas, Doru Petrisor, Dan Stoianovici
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Our research team has developed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-compatible robot for long bone biopsy. The robot is intended to enable a new workflow for bone biopsy in pediatrics under MRI imaging. Our long-term objectives are to minimize trauma and eliminate radiation exposure when diagnosing children with bone cancers and bone infections. This article presents our robotic systems, phantom accuracy studies, and workflow analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This section describes several aspects of our work including the envisioned clinical workflow, the MRI-compatible robot, and the experimental setup...
October 23, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059836/design-of-patient-specific-concentric-tube-robots-using-path-planning-from-3-d-ultrasound
#8
Tania K Morimoto, Juan J Cerrolaza, Michael H Hsieh, Kevin Cleary, Allison M Okamura, Marius George Linguraru
Percutaneous techniques and robot-assisted surgical systems have enabled minimally invasive procedures that offer reduced scarring, recovery time, and complications compared to traditional open surgeries. Despite these improvements, access to diseased sites using the standard, straight needle-based percutaneous techniques is still limited for certain procedures due to intervening tissues. These limitations can be further exacerbated in specific patient groups, particularly pediatric patients, whose anatomy does not fit the traditional tools and systems...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050033/expert-panel-statement-on-laparoscopic-living-donor-hepatectomy
#9
Ho-Seong Han, Jai Young Cho, Hironori Kaneko, Go Wakabayashi, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto, Olivier Soubrane, Chee-Chien Yong, Chao-Long Chen, Tan To Cheung, Giulio Belli, Shoji Kubo, Yao-Ming Wu, Kuo-Hsin Chen, Roberto I Troisi, Choon Hyuck David Kwon, Kyung-Suk Suh, Arvinder S Soin, Ki-Hun Kim, Daniel Cherqui
BACKGROUND: With improvements in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) techniques and the increased experience of surgeons in laparoscopic major liver resection, laparoscopic donor hepatectomy is performed increasingly. Therefore, expert opinion on this procedure is required. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to report the current status and summarize the expert opinion on laparoscopic donor hepatectomy. METHODS: An expert consensus meeting was held on September 8, 2016, in Seoul, Korea...
October 20, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023300/thyroglossal-duct-cyst-at-the-base-of-tongue-the-emerging-role-of-transoral-endoscopic-assisted-surgery
#10
Mario Turri-Zanoni, Paolo Battaglia, Paolo Castelnuovo
Cystic lesions involving the tongue base are rare, generally presenting in pediatric patients, and they may encompass different pathologies such as ranula, lingual ectopic thyroid, thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC), dysontogenetic cysts, benign, and malignant tumors.This paper describes the case of a 19-year-old girl with phonation impairment and mild dysphagia due to limited tongue protrusion and movements. Radiologic examinations revealed a bulky cystic lesion at the base of tongue with displacement of extrinsic lingual muscles...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958249/laparoscopic-versus-robotic-assisted-splenectomy-in-the-pediatric-population-our-institutional-experience
#11
Maryann I Mbaka, Emma Robl, Juan I Camps
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918954/contemporary-management-of-vesicoureteral-reflux
#12
REVIEW
Perviz Hajiyev, Berk Burgu
CONTEXT: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) remains the most interesting topic of pediatric urology due to the dynamic nature of recent controversial publications. Starting from the need for a diagnosis to the necessity and effectiveness of treatment in preventing scars, VUR remains in the mist. Although recent strong evidence helped as fog lights in this blurriness, more data are required for achieving crystal clearance. This article aims to summarize and discuss the current state of the evidence regarding VUR management...
April 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914624/management-of-type-i-and-type-ii-laryngeal-clefts-controversies-and-evidence
#13
Sarah N Bowe, Christopher J Hartnick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the pediatric Type I and Type II laryngeal cleft literature, paying special attention to recent trends, including evolution of surgical techniques, standardization of outcome assessments, and utilization of management algorithms. RECENT FINDINGS: There are a variety of options to choose from whenever considering Type I and Type II cleft repair, including endoscopic repair, transoral robotic surgery, and injection laryngoplasty. Conservative management including feeding therapy and treatment of comorbid medical conditions is recommended prior to repair...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889938/role-of-robotics-in-children-a-brave-new-world
#14
REVIEW
Anne-Françoise Spinoit, Hiep Nguyen, Ramnath Subramaniam
CONTEXT: The key in the evolution towards minimally invasive surgery is the availability of appropriate equipment, especially when procedures involve children. While robotic procedures in adults continue to struggle to prove measurable advantages compared with open or classical laparoscopic ones, the use of the robotic platform (RP) in pediatric urology is steadily increasing. OBJECTIVE: To review the contemporary literature regarding the use of robotic-assisted (RA) urologic interventions in children...
April 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861311/our-experiences-with-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery-in-pediatric-patients-the-first-case-series-from-turkey
#15
Yusuf Kibar, Serdar Yalçın, Engin Kaya, Burak Köprü, Turgay Ebiloğlu, Giray Ergin, Hüseyin Tomruk
OBJECTIVE: Robotic surgery is a leading treatment option for minimally invasive surgery and has an increasing popularity in pediatric population, as well. In this article, we reported our case series of robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery in pediatric population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 29 consecutive pediatric patients who underwent robot- assisted procedures between May 2014 and October 2016. Patient demographics, hospitalization time, estimated blood loss, robotic time and total operative and peri-, and post-operative complications were evaluated...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840328/comparison-of-8-and-5%C3%A2-mm-robotic-instruments-in-small-cavities-5-or-8%C3%A2-mm-robotic-instruments-for-small-cavities
#16
Quentin Ballouhey, Pauline Clermidi, Jérôme Cros, Céline Grosos, Clémence Rosa-Arsène, Claire Bahans, François Caire, Bernard Longis, Roxane Compagnon, Laurent Fourcade
INTRODUCTION: Robotic surgery has seen increasing use in the field of pediatric surgery. Our clinical experience suggested instrument size can impact on the surgical ability. This study aimed to compare the performance of robot-assisted laparoscopic skills in confined spaces using either 5 or 8 mm instruments. METHODS: A preclinical randomized crossover study design was implemented. 24 assessors performed three different reproducible drill procedures (M1: peg transfer, M2: circle cutting, M3: intracorporeal suturing)...
August 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813966/exergaming-with-a-pediatric-exoskeleton-facilitating-rehabilitation-and-research-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Thomas C Bulea, Zachary F Lerner, Andrew J Gravunder, Diane L Damiano
Effective rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy (CP) requires intensive task-specific exercise but many in this population lack the motor capabilities to complete the desired training tasks. Providing robotic assistance is a potential solution yet the effects of this assistance are unclear. We combined a novel exoskeleton and exercise video game (exergame) to create a new rehabilitation paradigm for children with CP. We incorporated high density electroencephalography (EEG) to assess cortical activity...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813841/design-and-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-multi-robotic-system-with-pelvic-and-hip-assistance-for-pediatric-gait-rehabilitation
#18
Evelyn J Park, Jiyeon Kang, Hao Su, Paul Stegall, Daniel L Miranda, Wen-Hao Hsu, Mustafa Karabas, Nathan Phipps, Sunil K Agrawal, Eugene C Goldfield, Conor J Walsh
This paper presents a modular, computationally-distributed "multi-robot" cyberphysical system designed to assist children with developmental delays in learning to walk. The system consists of two modules, each assisting a different aspect of gait: a tethered cable pelvic module with up to 6 degrees of freedom (DOF), which can modulate the motion of the pelvis in three dimensions, and a two DOF wearable hip module assisting lower limb motion, specifically hip flexion. Both modules are designed to be lightweight and minimally restrictive to the user, and the modules can operate independently or in cooperation with each other, allowing flexible system configuration to provide highly customized and adaptable assistance...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777037/applications-of-a-robotic-stereotactic-arm-for-pediatric-epilepsy-and-neurooncology-surgery
#19
Brandon A Miller, Afshin Salehi, David D Limbrick, Matthew D Smyth
OBJECTIVE The ROSA device is a robotic stereotactic arm that uses a laser system to register the patient's head or spine with MR or CT images. In this study, the authors analyze their experience with this system in pediatric neurosurgical applications and present selected cases that exemplify the usefulness of this system. METHODS The authors reviewed all cases that utilized the ROSA system at their institution. Patient demographics, pathology, complications, electrode placement, laser ablation, and biopsy accuracy were analyzed...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771823/editorial-comment-to-setting-up-a-pediatric-robotic-urology-program-a-usa-institution-experience
#20
Kazuyoshi Johnin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
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