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TGP beta activation

Craig A Shoemaker, Benjamin R LaFrentz, Eric Peatman, Benjamin H Beck
Flavobacterium columnare causes columnaris disease of farmed and wild freshwater fish. Skin mucus is an important factor in early stages of columnaris pathogenesis, albeit little studied. Our objectives were to (a) characterize the terminal glycosylation pattern (TGP) of catfish mucus, (b) determine the growth of F. columnare in formulated water (FW)-containing channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) or hybrid catfish (Ictalurus punctatus X Ictalurus furcatus) mucus and (c) examine extracellular protease activity of two F...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Fish Diseases
Bao-Chao Chang, Wei-Dong Chen, Yan Zhang, Ping Yang, Lei Liu, Jing Wang
The study is to explore the effect of total glucosides of paeony (TGP)on Wnt/β-catenin signal transduction pathway expression in kidney of diabetic rats, and discuss the protection of TGP in diabetic nephropathy and possible mechanism. Ninety male SD rats of 8 weeks age were randomly divided into normal control group (n = 10) and model group (n = 80). Rats of the normal control group were fed with regular diet, while rats of the model group were fed with high-fat high-sugar diet and 4 weeks later were given an intraperitoneal injection of 35 mg x kg(-1) streptozotocin (STZ)...
October 2014: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Dehong Huang, Mengyuan Liu, Xiaofeng Yan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of hippocampal Abeta42 deposition on the expression of inflammatory cytokines and phosphorylated MAPK signal molecules as well as the intervention of AD by total glucosides of paeony (TGP). METHOD: 12 week-old female SD rats were stereotactic injected one-time with a fibrillar Abeta42 positioning hippocampus to replicate AD pathology model and interfered with TGP. The expression of inflammatory cytokines and phosphorylated MAPK pathway signaling molecules were observed by immunohistochemistry (SABC), and SABC images were analyzed by image analysis software...
March 2011: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Maha A El Bassuoni, Randa M Talaat, Amany A Ibrahim, Olfat T Shaker
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), a pro-fibrogenic cytokine, has several polymorphism in humans with difference in activity levels. Hepato-carcinogenesis involves alterations in the action of protooncogenes such as the; neu (C-erb-B2) oncogene. Overexpression of the neu-oncogene has been implicated in experimental cellular transformation and tumorigenesis in a wide range of human cancer. We examined TGF-beta1 and C-erb-B2 mRNA expression and their protein levels in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients and those developing Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
2008: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
Hong Wu, Wei Wei, Lihua Song, Lingling Zhang, Yin Chen, Xiangyang Hu
Paeoniflorin (Pae), a monoterpene glucoside, is one of the main bioactive components of total glucosides of paeony (TGP) extracted from the root of Paeonia lactiflora. TGP has anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of Pae on inflammatory and immune responses to the mesenteric lymph node (MLN) lymphocytes and the mechanisms by which Pae regulates beta 2-adrenergic receptor (beta 2-AR) signal transduction in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats. The onset of secondary arthritis in rats appeared around day 14 after injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA)...
May 2007: International Immunopharmacology
T Francus, G Manzo, M Canki, L C Thompson, P Szabo
We have previously shown that tobacco glycoprotein (TGP), a polyphenol-rich glycoprotein isolated from tobacco or from cigarette smoke, affects the immune system. In this study we show that TGP induces human PBL and adherent cells to produce IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta. Two peaks of IL-1 activity were observed; one at 18-24 h, the second at 4-6 d after initiation of culture. A similar pattern was observed for the steady state level of IL-1 mRNA. These data suggest that the production of IL-1 by cells stimulated with TGP might be a factor in cardiovascular disease associated with cigarette smoking...
July 1, 1989: Journal of Experimental Medicine
T Francus, P M Romano, G Manzo, L Fonacier, N Arango, P Szabo
To test the hypothesis that inflammatory cytokine production might be an early event in the development of the disease associated with smoking, we used alveolar cells from healthy nonsmokers stimulated with TGP as a model system. TGP, a phenol-rich glycoprotein which is present in tobacco leaves and cigarette smoke condensate, activates the immune system. It stimulates polyclonal B cell differentiation, induces primarily an IgE response, and activates human leukocytes to produce IL-1. Using in situ nucleic acid hybridization we show that the steady-state levels of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A, and PDGF-B mRNAs are consistently elevated in the alveolar cells of all donors following TGP stimulation...
November 1992: Cellular Immunology
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