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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444088/hypertension-in-patients-admitted-to-clinical-units-at-university-hospital-post-discharge-evaluation-rated-by-telephone
#1
Cássia Lima de Campos, Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin, Natalia Alencar de Pinho
Objective: To characterize hypertensive patients after admission to hospital considering the current status, compliance to treatment, habits and lifestyle, and knowledge and beliefs about the disease. Methods: This was an exploratory study with 265 hypertensive patients admitted to a medical inpatients unit of a university hospital. Data were collected in an interview over the telephone. The level of significance was set as p<0.05. Results: It was found that 32% of hypertensive patients had died...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438985/decreased-compliance-in-the-deep-and-superficial-conduit-veins-of-the-upper-arm-during-prolonged-cycling-exercise
#2
Anna Oue, Kohei Sato, Marina Yoneya, Tomoko Sadamoto
We examined whether there is a difference in compliance between the deep and superficial conduit veins of the upper arm in response to prolonged exercise. Eight young men performed cycling exercise at 60% of peak oxygen uptake until rectal temperature had been increased by 1.1°C for 38-48 min. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the brachial (deep) and basilic (superficial) veins was assessed by ultrasound during a cuff deflation protocol. Compliance (CPL) was calculated as the numerical derivative of the cuff pressure and CSA curve...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438042/ethnic-differences-in-the-cardiac-responses-to-aerobic-exercise
#3
Heather J A Foulds, Shannon S D Bredin, Darren E R Warburton
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease disproportionately affects North American Indigenous populations. Ethnic differences in cardiac responses to exercise are known, though Indigenous populations response is unknown. To evaluate cardiac responses to aerobic exercise among Canadian Indigenous and European adults. METHODS: Indigenous (N = 12, 4 females, 1 male incomplete) and European (N = 12, all completed) Canadian age and sex-matched adults 19-40 years and free of cardiovascular disease or diabetes completed a cycle ergometer maximal aerobic power test and 30 min at 60% maximal aerobic capacity on two separate days...
April 24, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435339/compulsive-exercise-links-risks-and-challenges-facedent
#4
REVIEW
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Bolette Emborg, Freja Thomsen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen
Compulsive exercise is a condition described since 1970s. It is characterized by a craving for physical training, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior with harmful consequences, such as injuries and impaired social relations. It has not been accepted as a mental disorder in either International Classification of Diseases or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The aim of this literature review was to critically examine the research on links (comorbidity), risks (negative consequences), and challenges faced (problems in a treatment context)...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432710/medical-students-perceptions-of-the-importance-of-exercise-and-their-perceived-competence-in-prescribing-exercise-to-older-people
#5
Agathe Daria Jadczak, Khai Loon Tam, Solomon Yu, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a 4.5-week geriatric medicine course on fifth year medical students' perception of the importance of and their competence in prescribing exercise to older people. METHODS: The modified Exercise and Physical Activity Competence Questionnaire was administered to 81 students before and after the course. Scores ranged from 0 to 6. One open-ended question about perceived barriers to exercise prescription was asked. RESULTS: Students' perceptions of the importance of designing an exercise prescription (P = 0...
April 22, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422641/supporting-stroke-motor-recovery-through-a-mobile-application-a-pilot-study
#6
Sonia Lawson, Ziying Tang, Jinjuan Feng
Neuroplasticity and motor learning are promoted with repetitive movement, appropriate challenge, and performance feedback. ARMStrokes, a smartphone application, incorporates these qualities to support motor recovery. Engaging exercises are easily accessible for improved compliance. In a multiple-case, mixed-methods pilot study, the potential of this technology for stroke motor recovery was examined. Exercises calibrated to the participant's skill level targeted forearm, elbow, and shoulder motions for a 6-wk protocol...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413771/management-of-aromatase-inhibitor-associated-bone-loss-aibl-in-postmenopausal-women-with-hormone-sensitive-breast-cancer-joint-position-statement-of-the-iof-cabs-ects-ieg-esceo-ims-and-siog
#7
REVIEW
Peyman Hadji, Matti S Aapro, Jean-Jacques Body, Michael Gnant, Maria Luisa Brandi, Jean Yves Reginster, M Carola Zillikens, Claus-C Glüer, Tobie de Villiers, Rod Baber, G David Roodman, Cyrus Cooper, Bente Langdahl, Santiago Palacios, John Kanis, Nasser Al-Daghri, Xavier Nogues, Erik Fink Eriksen, Andreas Kurth, Rene Rizzoli, Robert E Coleman
BACKGROUND: Several guidelines have been reported for bone-directed treatment in women with early breast cancer (EBC) for averting fractures, particularly during aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy. Recently, a number of studies on additional fracture related risk factors, new treatment options as well as real world studies demonstrating a much higher fracture rate than suggested by randomized clinical controlled trials (RCTs). Therefore, this updated algorithm was developed to better assess fracture risk and direct treatment as a position statement of several interdisciplinary cancer and bone societies involved in the management of AI-associated bone loss (AIBL)...
June 2017: Journal of Bone Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412684/clinical-application-analysis-of-continuing-nursing-in-nursing-service-for-diabetic-patients
#8
Qiaohong Yang, Liming You, Jiewei Huang, Qingling Chen, Miaona Li, Frances KamYuet Wong
The research is to establish a Continuing Nursing Project after discharge which conforming to the actual conditions of our country and explore whether such Continuing Nursing Project could effectively improve therapy compliance and blood glucose control of diabetic patients. METHODS: mainly analyzing pathological mechanisms of diabetic patients and exploring the clinical effect and the complication after implementing Continuing Nursing to patients. RESULTS: after implementing Continuing Nursing, the diabetic patients could be better at controlling their diet, the drug usage rate and exercise rate have been improved significantly, complication rate have been decreased and the clinical effect is remarkable...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412423/rv-contractile-function-and-its-coupling-to-pulmonary-circulation-in-heart-failure-with-preserved%C3%A2-ejection%C3%A2-fraction-stratification-of-clinical-phenotypes-and-outcomes
#9
Marco Guazzi, Debra Dixon, Valentina Labate, Lauren Beussink-Nelson, Francesco Bandera, Michael J Cuttica, Sanijv J Shah
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate how right ventricular (RV) contractile function and its coupling with pulmonary circulation (PC) stratify clinical phenotypes and outcome in heart failure preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) patients. BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension and RV dysfunction are key hemodynamic abnormalities in HFpEF. METHODS: Three hundred eighty seven HFpEF patients (mean age 64 ± 12 years, 59% females, left ventricular ejection fraction 59 ± 7%) underwent RV and pulmonary hemodynamic evaluation by echocardiography (entire population) and right heart catheterization (219 patients)...
April 7, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395593/nurse-led-self-management-educational-intervention-improves-symptoms-of-patients-with-functional-constipation
#10
Qiong Shen, Hongqin Zhu, Guixiang Jiang, Xueqin Liu
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of self-management educational intervention on the symptoms of patients with functional constipation. From January 2014 to April 2015, 66 patients with functional constipation were randomly assigned into intervention group receiving intensive educational interventions and control group receiving routine nursing care. The constipation score of all clinical symptoms (Bristol stool form scale, defecation interval, incomplete evacuation, evacuatory difficulty) at 1 month postdischarge were all significantly lower in the intervention group than in the control group (all, p < ...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386786/compliance-and-safety-of-a-novel-home-exercise-program-for-patients-with-high-grade-brain-tumors-a-prospective-observational-study
#11
Jennifer Baima, Zehra B Omer, John Varlotto, Shakeeb Yunus
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate compliance with and safety of a novel independent home exercise program for patients with high-grade brain tumors. We designed this program around the preferences and individual capabilities of this population as well as the potential barriers to exercise in cancer patients. Demographics were collected to better understand those that persisted with exercise. METHODS: Subjects with high-grade brain tumor received one-time training that included watching an exercise video and live demonstration of resistance band exercises, a balance exercise, and recommendations for walking...
April 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378431/left-ventricular-biomechanics-in-professional-football-players
#12
Thomas G von Lueder, Anders Hodt, Gard F Gjerdalen, Kjetil Steine
Chronic exercise induces adaptive changes of left ventricular (LV) ejection and filling capacities which may be detected by novel speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)-based techniques. 103 consecutive male elite Norwegian soccer players and 46 age-matched healthy controls underwent echocardiography at rest. STE was used to assess LV torsional mechanics and LV systolic longitudinal strain (LS). Diastolic function was evaluated by trans-mitral blood flow, mitral annular velocities by TDI, and LV inflow propagation velocity by colour M-mode...
April 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365377/a-three-month-home-exercise-programme-augmented-with-nordic-poles-for-patients-with-intermittent-claudication-enhances-quality-of-life-and-continues-to-improve-walking-distance-and-compliance-after-one-year
#13
C Oakley, C Spafford, J D Beard
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to collect 1 year follow-up information on walking distance, speed, compliance, and cost in patients with intermittent claudication who took part in a previously reported 12 week randomised clinical trial of a home exercise programme augmented with Nordic pole walking versus controls who walked normally. A second objective was to look at quality of life and ankle brachial pressure indices (ABPIs) after a 12 week augmented home exercise programme...
March 30, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360026/experiences-of-older-adults-with-mobile-phone-text-messaging-as-reminders-of-home-exercises-after-specialized-manual-therapy-for-recurrent-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-study
#14
Stina Charlotta Lilje, Ewy Olander, Johan Berglund, Eva Skillgate, Peter Anderberg
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience of manual therapy for musculoskeletal pain is that patients often suffer from recurrent pain and disorders, but that they do not continue to perform their physical home exercises when they are free from symptoms. The chance of positive long-term effects of manual therapy would probably increase if patients were reminded that they are to continue to perform their exercises. Mobile phone text messaging (short messaging service, SMS) is increasingly used as an innovative intervention to remind patient to exercise...
March 30, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359235/halving-your-cake-and-eating-it-too-a-case-based-discussion-and-review-of-metabolic-rehabilitation-for-obese-adults-with-diabetes
#15
R Bishay, N Kormas
BACKGROUND: The global epidemic of obesity will see normal weight adults constituting a mere one-third of the global population by 2025. Although appetite and weight are regulated by a complex integration of neurological, endocrine and gastrointestinal feedback mechanisms, there is a constant interaction between psychological state, physical impairment, presence of comorbid chronic disease and medications. METHODS: We discuss two cases and reveal a practical approach to investigating and managing patients with obesity and diabetes in the 'real world'...
March 29, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350714/multiple-transportable-carbohydrate-impact-on-long-distance-triathlon-performance
#16
David S Rowlands, Stuart D Houltham
The ingestion of multiple (2:1 glucose:fructose) transportable carbohydrate in beverages at high rates (>78 g·h) during endurance exercise enhances exogenous carbohydrate oxidation, fluid absorption, gut comfort, and performance, relative to glucose alone. But during long-distance endurance competition, athletes prefer a solid-gel-drink format, and the effect size of multiple-transportable carbohydrate is unknown. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of multiple-transportable carbohydrate on triathlon competition performance when ingested within bars, gels, and drinks...
March 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350366/modeling-the-relationship-between-safety-climate-and-safety-performance-in-a-developing-construction-industry-a-cross-cultural-validation-study
#17
Hafiz Zahoor, Albert P C Chan, Wahyudi P Utama, Ran Gao, Irfan Zafar
This study attempts to validate a safety performance (SP) measurement model in the cross-cultural setting of a developing country. In addition, it highlights the variations in investigating the relationship between safety climate (SC) factors and SP indicators. The data were collected from forty under-construction multi-storey building projects in Pakistan. Based on the results of exploratory factor analysis, a SP measurement model was hypothesized. It was tested and validated by conducting confirmatory factor analysis on calibration and validation sub-samples respectively...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346568/impact-of-3-monthly-vitamin-d-supplementation-plus-exercise-on-survival-after-surgery-for-osteoporotic-hip-fracture-in-adult-patients-over-50-years-a-pragmatic-randomized-partially-blinded-controlled-trial
#18
A Laiz, J Malouf, A Marin, V Longobardi, J de Caso, J Farrerons, J Casademont
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 3-monthly supplementation of an oral vitamin D widely used in Spain (calcifediol) plus daily exercise could influence survival at one and four years after surgery for osteoporotic hip fracture. DESIGN: A pragmatic, randomized, partially single-blind placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Patients admitted to a tertiary university hospital for acute hip fracture. PARTICIPANTS: 675 healthy adult patients undergoing surgery for osteoporotic hip fracture were recruited from January 2004 to December 2007...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327123/evaluating-the-sub-national-fidelity-of-national-initiatives-in-decentralized-health-systems-integrated-primary-health-care-governance-in-nigeria
#19
Ejemai Amaize Eboreime, Seye Abimbola, Felix Abrahams Obi, Obinna Ebirim, Olalekan Olubajo, John Eyles, Nonhlanhla Lynette Nxumalo, Faith Nankasa Mambulu
BACKGROUND: Policy making, translation and implementation in politically and administratively decentralized systems can be challenging. Beyond the mere sub-national acceptance of national initiatives, adherence to policy implementation processes is often poor, particularly in low and middle-income countries. In this study, we explore the implementation fidelity of integrated PHC governance policy in Nigeria's decentralized governance system and its implications on closing implementation gaps with respect to other top-down health policies and initiatives...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322760/-effects-of-exergames-on-quality-of-life-pain-and-disease-impact-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Daniel Collado-Mateo, Francisco Javier Dominguez-Muñoz, Jose Carmelo Adsuar, Miguel Angel Garcia-Gordillo, Narcis Gusi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an exergame-based intervention in a population sample of women with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: This study was a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial for 8-week intervention. SETTING: Fibromyalgia center. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (only women) were divided into two groups: an exercise group (n=42; mean age ± SD, 52.52 ± 9.73) and a control group (n=41; mean age ± SD, 52.47 ± 8...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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