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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781119/the-effect-of-lifelong-exercise-frequency-on-arterial-stiffness
#1
Shigeki Shibata, Naoki Fujimoto, Jeffrey L Hastings, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, Paul S Bhella, Christopher Hearon, Benjamin D Levine
Central arterial stiffness increases with sedentary aging. While near-daily, vigorous lifelong (>25 yr) endurance exercise training prevents arterial stiffening with aging, this rigorous routine of exercise training over a lifetime is impractical for most individuals. The aim was to examine whether a less frequent 'dose' of lifelong exercise training (4-5 sessions/wk for > 30 min) that is consistent with current physical activity recommendations elicits similar benefits on central arterial stiffening with aging...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771450/effects-of-intense-aerobic-exercise-and-or-antihypertensive-medication-in-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome
#2
M Ramirez-Jimenez, F Morales-Palomo, J F Ortega, R Mora-Rodriguez
We studied the blood pressure lowering effects of a bout of exercise and/or antihypertensive medicine with the goal of studying if exercise could substitute or enhance pharmacologic hypertension treatment. Twenty-three hypertensive metabolic syndrome patients chronically medicated with angiotensin II receptor 1 blockade antihypertensive medicine underwent 24-hr monitoring in four separated days in a randomized order; a) after taking their habitual dose of antihypertensive medicine (AHM trial), b) substituting their medicine by placebo medicine (PLAC trial), c) placebo medicine with a morning bout of intense aerobic exercise (PLAC+EXER trial) and d) combining the exercise and antihypertensive medicine (AHM+EXER trial)...
May 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769247/dementia-and-physical-activity-dapa-trial-of-moderate-to-high-intensity-exercise-training-for-people-with-dementia-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Sarah E Lamb, Bart Sheehan, Nicky Atherton, Vivien Nichols, Helen Collins, Dipesh Mistry, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Anne Marie Slowther, Iftekhar Khan, Stavros Petrou, Ranjit Lall
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia. DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service primary care, community and memory services, dementia research registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions. PARTICIPANTS: 494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care...
May 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766601/functional-high-intensity-exercise-training-ameliorates-insulin-resistance-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetes
#4
Ciarán E Fealy, Stephan Nieuwoudt, Julie A Foucher, Amanda R Scelsi, Steve K Malin, Mangesh Pagadala, Lauren A Cruz, Miranda Li, Michael Rocco, Bartolome Burguera, John P Kirwan
AIM: Functional high intensity training (F-HIT) is a novel fitness paradigm that integrates simultaneous aerobic and resistance training in sets of constantly varied movements, based on real-world situational exercises, performed at high intensity in workouts that range from ∼8-20 min/session. We hypothesized that F-HIT would be an effective exercise mode for reducing insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: We recruited 13 overweight/obese adults (5 males, 8 females; 53 ± 7 years; BMI 34...
May 15, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764969/cardiovascular-phenotype-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-heart-failure-induced-by-cancer-therapy
#5
Wilson Nadruz, Erin West, Morten Sengeløv, Gabriela L Grove, Mário Santos, John D Groarke, Daniel E Forman, Brian Claggett, Hicham Skali, Anju Nohria, Amil M Shah
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the clinical features, cardiac structure and function evaluated by echocardiography, cardiopulmonary response to exercise and long-term clinical outcomes between patients with heart failure (HF) induced by cancer therapy (CTHF) and heart failure not induced by cancer therapy (NCTHF). METHODS: We evaluated 75 patients with CTHF and 894 with NCTHF who underwent clinically indicated cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and followed these individuals for a median of 4...
May 15, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764885/compliance-with-current-vte-prophylaxis-guidelines-and-risk-factors-linked-to-complications-of-vte-prophylaxis-in-medical-inpatients-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-a-spanish-internal-medicine-department
#6
Ignacio Novo-Veleiro, Lucía Alvela-Suárez, Alba Costa-Grille, Javier Suárez-Dono, Fernando Ferrón-Vidan, Antonio Pose-Reino
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the degree of compliance with the current guidelines regarding venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in medical patients during admission and to identify risk factors linked to complications of VTE prophylaxis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Internal Medicine Department of the University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela (tertiary referral hospital). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 396 hospitalised, elderly patients who did not undergo surgery and had no active or previous oral anticoagulation or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) treatment (during the previous year) and who received VTE prophylaxis during admission...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762178/exercise-non-responders-genetic-curse-poor-compliance-or-improper-prescription
#7
Russell R Pate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760878/chiropractic-treatment-including-instrument-assisted-manipulation-for-non-specific-dizziness-and-neck-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-people-a-feasibility-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#8
Julie C Kendall, Simon D French, Jan Hartvigsen, Michael F Azari
Background: Dizziness in older people is a risk factor for falls. Neck pain is associated with dizziness and responds favourably to neck manipulation. However, it is unknown if chiropractic intervention including instrument-assisted manipulation of the neck in older people with neck pain can also improve dizziness. Methods: This parallel two-arm pilot trial was conducted in Melbourne, Australia over nine months (October 2015 to June 2016). Participants aged 65-85 years, with self-reported chronic neck pain and dizziness, were recruited from the general public through advertisements in local community newspapers and via Facebook...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755757/need-to-improve-awareness-and-treatment-compliance-in-high-risk-patients-for-diabetic-complications-in-nepal
#9
Raju P Sapkota, Tirthalal Upadhyaya, Govind Gurung, Mike Parker, Rajiv Raman, Shahina Pardhan
Objective/introduction: It is known that knowledge, awareness, and practice influence diabetic control. We compared factors pertaining to healthy lifestyle (exercising, avoiding smoking), self-help (attending appointments, following treatment regimens), and diabetic awareness in high-risk patients for diabetic complications, specifically, those on insulin versus non-insulin treatment, and also those with a longer diabetic duration (≥5 years) versus a shorter duration. Methods: 200 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes (52...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750030/validation-of-exhaled-volatile-organic-compounds-analysis-using-electronic-nose-as-index-of-copd-severity
#10
Panaiotis Finamore, Claudio Pedone, Simone Scarlata, Alessandra Di Paolo, Simone Grasso, Marco Santonico, Giorgio Pennazza, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
Aim: Six-minute walking test distance (6MWD) and body mass index, obstruction, dyspnea and exercise (BODE) index are measures of functional status in COPD patients, but require space, time and patient's compliance. Exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) analysis via electronic nose is a quick and easy method that has already been used to discriminate COPD phenotypes. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether VOCs analysis can predict functional status and its variation over time in COPD patients...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745219/changes-in-doppler-echocardiography-depending-on-type-of-elite-athletes-immediately-after-maximal-exercise
#11
Saejong Park, Young J Moon, Gi-Byoung Nam, Young-Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: This study explores physiologic differences in the cardiac structure and function of elite athletes during the resting state and immediately after maximum exercise by training type compared to a healthy people of a CG. METHODS: The study focuses on elite middle-long distance group (MLDG), weightlifter group (WG), and a control group (CG). Cardiac structure, systolic function, and diastolic function were measured for all subjects at resting state and immediately after maximum exercise using echocardiography...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740554/the-influence-of-taekwondo-training-on-school-life-adaptation-and-exercise-value-in-the-united-states
#12
Ik Rae Cho, Hyo Joo Park, Taek Kyun Lee
Previous experience has shown that school-based taekwondo training in the United States (US) results in many beneficial effect sregarding school education and the physical health of the adolescent participants; of especial significance, the training plays an important role in terms of exercise value and school-life adaptation. To explore this overall effect, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 401 adolescents over the age of 10 years. The survey comprisesa total of 29 questions that consist of 17 exercise-value-related questions (general, moral, and status) and 12 questions that are related to school-life adaptation (adaptation to teachers, adaptation to academic activities, adaptation to rule compliance, and adaptation to school activities)...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731655/immune-regulating-effects-of-exercise-on-cigarette-smoke-induced-inflammation
#13
REVIEW
Ashkan Madani, Katharina Alack, Manuel Jonas Richter, Karsten Krüger
Long-term cigarette smoking (LTCS) represents an important risk factor for cardiac infarction and stroke and the central risk factor for the development of a bronchial carcinoma, smoking-associated interstitial lung fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The pathophysiologic development of these diseases is suggested to be promoted by chronic and progressive inflammation. Cigarette smoking induces repetitive inflammatory insults followed by a chronic and progressive activation of the immune system...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717392/arterial-distensibility-physical-activity-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Francesca Saladini, Paolo Palatini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of risk factors including central obesity, metabolic abnormalities, and arterial hypertension, is a well-known determinant of arterial wall remodeling and stiffening. The mechanisms whereby MetS promotes arterial stiffening include increased sympathetic activity with the associated fast heart rate, enhanced activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, increased production of inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species, and reduction of nitric oxide availability...
May 1, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713818/right-ventriculo-arterial-uncoupling-and-impaired-contractile-reserve-in-obese-patients-with-unexplained-exercise-intolerance
#15
Colm McCabe, Rudolf K F Oliveira, Farbod Rahaghi, Mariana Faria-Urbina, Luke Howard, Richard G Axell, Andrew N Priest, Aaron B Waxman, David M Systrom
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction may contribute to exercise intolerance in obesity. To further define RV exercise responses, we investigated RV-arterial coupling in obesity with and without development of exercise pulmonary venous hypertension (ePVH). METHODS: RV-arterial coupling defined as RV end-systolic elastance/pulmonary artery elastance (Ees/Ea) was calculated from invasive cardiopulmonary exercise test data in 6 controls, 8 obese patients without ePVH (Obese-ePVH) and 8 obese patients with ePVH (Obese+ePVH) within a larger series...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708134/british-torture-in-the-war-on-terror
#16
Ruth Blakeley, Sam Raphael
Despite long-standing allegations of UK involvement in prisoner abuse during counterterrorism operations as part of the US-led 'war on terror', a consistent narrative emanating from British government officials is that Britain neither uses, condones nor facilitates torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment. We argue that such denials are untenable. We have established beyond reasonable doubt that Britain has been deeply involved in post-9/11 prisoner abuse, and we can now provide the most detailed account to date of the depth of this involvement...
June 2017: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696212/feasibility-of-high-intensity-interval-training-with-hyperoxia-vs-intermittent-hyperoxia-and-hypoxia-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Moritz Schumann, Holger Schulz, Anthony C Hackney, Wilhelm Bloch
Exercise has been well demonstrated to potentially reduce chemotherapy-induced side effects and possibly aid slowing down tumor growth in cancer patients but exercise training adherence is typically low. Thus, training regimens which are perceived less strenuous but do not compromise the training-induced beneficial adaptations will help to increase adherence to exercise and reduce attrition. This 4-armed study aims to investigate the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) in hyperoxia versus intermittent hyperoxia and hypoxia in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696187/feasibility-study-design-and-methods-for-a-home-based-square-stepping-exercise-program-among-older-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-the-sse-ms-project
#18
Emerson Sebastião, Edward McAuley, Ryosuke Shigematsu, Robert W Motl
We propose a randomized controlled trial (RCT) examining the feasibility of square-stepping exercise (SSE) delivered as a home-based program for older adults with multiple sclerosis (MS). We will assess feasibility in the four domains of process, resources, management and scientific outcomes. The trial will recruit older adults (aged 60 years and older) with mild-to-moderate MS-related disability who will be randomized into intervention or attention control conditions. Participants will complete assessments before and after completion of the conditions delivered over a 12-week period...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688834/reducing-body-image-related-distress-in-women-with-breast-cancer-using-a-structured-online-writing-exercise-results-from-the-my-changed-body-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Kerry A Sherman, Astrid Przezdziecki, Jessica Alcorso, Christopher Jon Kilby, Elisabeth Elder, John Boyages, Louise Koelmeyer, Helen Mackie
Purpose Breast cancer treatment adverse effects result in one in three survivors experiencing body image-related distress (BID) that negatively impacts on a woman's ability to recover after cancer and into survivorship. My Changed Body (MyCB) is a Web-based psychological intervention to alleviate BID and improve body appreciation in survivors of breast cancer (BCSs) through a single-session, self-compassion focused writing activity. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of MyCB on BID and body appreciation in BCSs...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678994/can-exercise-delay-transition-to-active-therapy-in-men-with-low-grade-prostate-cancer-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Daniel A Galvão, Dickon Hayne, Mark Frydenberg, Suzanne K Chambers, Dennis R Taaffe, Nigel Spry, Paul A Scuffham, Robert S Ware, Nicolas H Hart, Robert U Newton
INTRODUCTION: Active surveillance is a strategy for managing low-risk, localised prostate cancer, where men are observed with serial prostate-specific antigen assessments to identify signs of disease progression. Currently, there are no strategies to support active surveillance compliance nor are there interventions that can prevent or slow disease progression, ultimately delaying transition to active treatment before it is clinically required. Recently, we proposed that exercise may have a therapeutic potential in delaying the need for active treatment in men on active surveillance...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
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