Read by QxMD icon Read

compliance exercise

Julie Kohn, Francois Bordeleau, Joseph Miller, Hannah Watkins, Shweta Modi, Jenny Ma, Julian Azar, David Putnam, Cynthia Reinhart-King
Aerobic exercise helps to maintain cardiovascular health in part by mitigating age-induced arterial stiffening. However, the long-term effects of exercise regimens on aortic stiffness remain unknown, especially in the intimal extracellular matrix layer known as the subendothelial matrix. To examine how the stiffness of the subendothelial matrix changes following exercise cessation, mice were exposed to an 8-week swimming regimen followed by an 8-week sedentary rest period. Whole vessel and subendothelial matrix stiffness were measured after both the exercise and rest periods...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam Sous, Fatimah Jorf, Mahmoud Taqatqa, Mahdi Allan, Lamees Sawalha, Enas Lubadeh, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of end-stage renal disease in the Palestinian population and the effect of the disease on the psychological status of the patient underlie the importance of increasing knowledge about the mental health status of patients with end-stage renal disease. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression in Palestinian patients treated with haemodialysis and its correlation with patients' clinical characteristics, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and adherence to medications...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Morad Chughtai, John J Kelly, Jared M Newman, Assem A Sultan, Anton Khlopas, Nipun Sodhi, Anil Bhave, Michael C Kolczun, Michael A Mont
This study evaluated the use of telerehabilitation during the postoperative period for patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Specifically, this study evaluated the following: (1) patient compliance and adherence to the program, (2) time spent performing physical therapy exercises, (3) the usability of the virtual rehabilitation platform, and (4) clinical outcome scores in a selected primary knee arthroplasty cohort. A total of 157 consecutive patients underwent TKA ( n  = 18) or UKA ( n  = 139)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Alison Luther, Joseph Gabriel, Richard P Watson, Nader K Francis
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in perioperative care, post-operative clinical and functional outcomes after major abdominal surgery can be suboptimal. Prehabilitation programmes attempt to optimise a patient's preoperative condition to improve outcomes. Total body prehabilitation includes structured exercise, nutritional optimisation, psychological support and cessation of negative health behaviours. This systematic review aims to report on the current literature regarding the impact of total body prehabilitation prior to major abdominal surgery...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
David A Kalmbach, Yu Fang, J Todd Arnedt, Amy L Cochran, Patricia J Deldin, Adam I Kaplin, Srijan Sen
BACKGROUND: Although short sleep, shift work, and physical inactivity are endemic to residency, a lack of objective, real-time information has limited our understanding of how these problems impact physician mental health. OBJECTIVE: To understand how the residency experience affects sleep, physical activity, and mood, and to understand the directional relationships among these variables. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. SUBJECTS: Thirty-three first-year residents (interns) provided data from 2 months pre-internship through the first 6 months of internship...
March 14, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Carine Smith
The modern lifestyle is characterised by various factors that cause accelerating ageing by the upregulation of oxidative stress and inflammation-two processes that are inextricably linked in an endless circle of self-propagation. Inflammation in particular is commonly accepted as aetiological factor in many chronic disease states, such as obesity, diabetes and depression. In terms of disease prevention or treatment, interventions aimed at changing dietary and/or exercise habits have had limited success in practise, mostly due to poor long-term compliance...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Eric J Cotter, Charles P Hannon, Philip Locker, Annabelle Davey, Kevin C Wang, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole
Background: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) surveys have become increasingly important in both improving patient care and assessing outcomes. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate which variables are associated with compliance with completing PRO surveys in patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The authors hypothesized that older patient age and longer time since ACLR would be associated with lower completion rates of PRO surveys preoperatively and at postoperative time points...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
R Lee, S T Yeo, S N Rogers, A L Caress, A Molassiotis, D Ryder, P Sanghera, C Lunt, B Scott, P Keeley, R T Edwards, N Slevin
Our aim was to compare the efficacy of the Therabite® jaw motion rehabilitation system (Atos Medical) with that of wooden spatulas to relieve and prevent trismus in patients who have had radiotherapy for stage three and four oral and oropharyngeal cancer. Secondary aims were to assess the feasibility and the impact of exercise on health-related quality of life (QoL), and the use of health services after treatment. We designed a randomised, open-label, controlled, three-centre feasibility study to compare the effectiveness and cost of the Therabite® and wooden spatulas...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Tom McGowan, Terence Ong, Ashok Kumar, Eleanor Lunt, Opinder Sahota
Background: chair-based pedal exercises potentially offer a simple method of improving physical activity in older people admitted to hospital. Objective: to assess the feasibility of using chair-based pedal exercisers on acute medical wards for older people. To study if there is any effect on muscle strength, mobility and time spent physically active. Subjects: fifty participants ≥65 years who were able to pedal admitted to acute medical wards for older people in a UK hospital...
March 1, 2018: Age and Ageing
Gabriele Mascherini, Benedetta Tosi, Chiara Giannelli, Elisabetta Grifoni, Sonia Degl'innocenti, Giorgio Galanti
BACKGROUND: Improvements in prevention and therapeutic strategies over the years have increased the numbers of breast cancer survivors considerably. Sedentary behavior is now acknowledged to be a risk factor for cancer and cancer relapse. Currently, there are different approaches to increasing the effectiveness of long-term physical activity in these patients. The aim of this study was to verify the long-term effectiveness of a home-based program for active lifestyle change in overweight breast cancer survivors...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Jemma Looyestyn, Jocelyn Kernot, Kobie Boshoff, Carol Maher
BACKGROUND: Online social networks continue to grow in popularity, with 1.7 billion users worldwide accessing Facebook each month. The use of social networking sites such as Facebook for the delivery of health behavior programs is relatively new. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a Web-based beginners' running program for adults aged 18 to 50 years, delivered via a Facebook group, in increasing physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Luke J Peppone, Marilyn Ling, Alissa J Huston, Mary E Reid, Michelle C Janelsins, J Edward Puzas, Charles Kamen, Auro Del Giglio, Matthew Asare, Anita R Peoples, Karen M Mustian
INTRODUCTION: Cancer treatment-induced bone loss (CTIBL) is a long-term side effect of breast cancer therapy. Both calcitriol and weight-bearing exercise improve bone metabolism for osteoporotic patients, but are unproven in a breast cancer population. We used a novel high-dose calcitriol regimen with an individualized exercise intervention to improve bone metabolism in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: We accrued 41 subjects to this open label, 2 × 2 factorial, randomized feasibility trial...
February 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Helen Francis, Jenny Carryer, Jill Wilkinson
Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the experience of people with multiple long-term conditions with particular reference to the notion of the 'expert patient' in the context of self-management. Methods A multiple case study of 16 people with several long-term conditions, included interviews and contacts over an 18-month period and an interview with their primary care clinicians. Analysis included both case-by-case and some cross-case analysis. Results The findings reveal the patient participants had little capacity to exercise the agency necessary be an expert patient as premised...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
Megan Bowdon, Pamela Marcovitz, Susanna K Jain, Judith Boura, Kaitlin G Liroff, Barry A Franklin
PURPOSE: Few data are available regarding the impact of exercise interventions in black women at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Women ≥18 years without known CVD with ≥1 coronary risk factor were enrolled in a community-based exercise program ≥3 days per/week for ≥30 min/session for 6 months. Exercise training intensity ~50[FIGURE DASH]80% of functional capacity, using heart rate (HR) and/or rating of perceived exertion (RPE) as the primary intensity modulators...
February 16, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Cesare de Gregorio
Regardless of advances in medical and interventional treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD), a limited number of patients attend a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programme on a regular basis. Due to modern therapies more individuals will be surviving an acute cardiovascular event, but the expected burden of chronic heart failure will be increasing worldwide.However, both in high- and low-income countries, secondary prevention after an acute myocardial infarction or stroke has been implemented in less than a half of eligible patients...
February 17, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Lauri Ahonen, Benjamin Ultan Cowley, Arto Hellas, Kai Puolamäki
Collaboration is a complex phenomenon, where intersubjective dynamics can greatly affect the productive outcome. Evaluation of collaboration is thus of great interest, and can potentially help achieve better outcomes and performance. However, quantitative measurement of collaboration is difficult, because much of the interaction occurs in the intersubjective space between collaborators. Manual observation and/or self-reports are subjective, laborious, and have a poor temporal resolution. The problem is compounded in natural settings where task-activity and response-compliance cannot be controlled...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Marie-Ève Beauregard, Sylvie Provost, Raynald Pineault, Dominique Grimard, José Pérez, Michel Fournier
INTRODUCTION: In 2011, the Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal (ASSSM), in partnership with the region's Centres de santé et de services sociaux (CSSS), coordinated the implementation of a program on cardiometabolic risk based on the Chronic Care Model. The program, intended for patients suffering from diabetes or hypertension, involved a series of individual follow-up appointments, group classes and exercise sessions. Our study assesses the impact on patient health outcomes of variations in the implementation of some aspects of the program among the six CSSSs taking part in the study...
February 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Helge Hebestreit, Larry C Lands, Nancy Alarie, Jonathan Schaeff, Chantal Karila, David M Orenstein, Don S Urquhart, Erik H J Hulzebos, Lothar Stein, Christian Schindler, Susi Kriemler, Thomas Radtke
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) and exercise have become an accepted and valued component of cystic fibrosis (CF) care. Regular PA and exercise can positively impact pulmonary function, improve physical fitness, and enhance health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, motivating people to be more active is challenging. Supervised exercise programs are expensive and labour intensive, and adherence falls off significantly once supervision ends. Unsupervised or partially supervised programs are less costly and more flexible, but compliance can be more problematic...
February 8, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Nina Rica Wium Geiker, Louise L Toennesen, Arne Astrup, Vibeke Backer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: EFFORT Asthma study is a randomized controlled trial designed to assess the effects of diet and exercise in non-obese, untrained patients with asthma. We here present results from a subgroup of participants in the diet and control group to assess the feasibility of a high protein and low glycemic index (GI) diet and the effects on body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Of the 149 subjects who were included in the study, 76 subjects (30 males) were randomized into either a diet group (n = 38) or a control group (n = 38) and included in the present analysis...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Merthan Tunay, Hatice Kurdak, Sevgi Özcan, Çiğdem Özdemir, Zeliha Yelda Özer
OBJECTIVE: Lifestyle modification requires extensive information sharing and counseling. However, one-on-one primary care consultations are lacking to cover all necessary components due to time constraints. This preliminary study aims to investigate the feasibility and effects of lifestyle-changing intervention by family physician-led group visits (GVs) on weight management in overweight and obese women. METHODS: 60 volunteers fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Facts
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"