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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811955/the-effects-of-group-based-versus-individual-based-tai-chi-training-on-nonmotor-symptoms-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#1
Jing Hui Yang, Ya Qun Wang, Sai Qing Ye, You Gen Cheng, Yu Chen, Xiao Zhen Feng
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of group-based and individual-based Tai Chi training on nonmotor symptoms in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: Randomized controlled pilot study. METHODS: 36 community-dwelling patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) were randomly assigned to either group-based training group (n = 19) or individual-based group (n = 17). Both groups received same content of Tai Chi training 3 times a week for 13 weeks...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806100/including-the-copenhagen-adduction-exercise-in-the-fifa-11-provides-missing-eccentric-hip-adduction-strength-effect-in-male-soccer-players-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Joar Harøy, Kristian Thorborg, Andreas Serner, André Bjørkheim, Linn E Rolstad, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Thor Einar Andersen
BACKGROUND: The FIFA 11+ was developed as a complete warm-up program to prevent injuries in soccer players. Although reduced hip adduction strength is associated with groin injuries, none of the exercises included in the FIFA 11+ seem to specifically target hip adduction strength. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect on eccentric hip adduction strength of the FIFA 11+ warm-up program with or without the Copenhagen adduction exercise. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798074/the-influence-of-prenatal-exercise-and-pre-eclampsia-on-maternal-vascular-function
#3
REVIEW
Rachel J Skow, Emily C King, Craig D Steinback, Margie H Davenport
During healthy pregnancy, the cardiovascular system undergoes diverse adaptations to support adequate transfer of oxygen and nutrients from mother to fetus. In order to accommodate the large expansion of blood volume and associated cardiac output, the structure, mechanics, and function of the arteries are altered. Specifically, in healthy pregnancy there is a remodeling of arteries (increased angiogenesis and vasodilation), a generalized reduction in arterial stiffness (increased compliance), and an enhanced endothelial function...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797888/the-weighty-issue-of-obesity-in-paediatric-respiratory-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Dominic A Fitzgerald
Some have observed that developed world is fat and getting fatter. This is even extending into the developing world, and it is important to appreciate that the consequences of childhood obesity last into adulthood and are associated with premature death. From the paediatric respiratory perspective, the deposition of excess adipose tissue in the thoraco-abdominal region begins early in life and is believed to alter diaphragm mobility and chest wall expansion, reduce lung compliance, and result in a rapid shallow breathing pattern with an increased work of breathing and reduction in maximum ventilatory capacity...
June 11, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782599/ascertainment-of-unmet-needs-and-participation-in-health-maintenance-and-screening-of-adult-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-hct-survivors-followed-in-a-formal-survivorship-program
#5
Theresa Hahn, Pamela Paplham, Tammy Austin-Ketch, Yali Zhang, Jennifer Grimmer, Michael Burns, Sophia Balderman, Maureen Ross, Philip L McCarthy
This study aimed to ascertain unmet needs in autologous and allogeneic HCT recipients actively followed in an established long-term survivorship clinic at Roswell Park Cancer Institute from 2006-2012. The Survivor Unmet Needs Survey (SUNS) was mailed to 209 eligible patients and returned by 110 (53% participation rate). SUNS includes 89-items covering 5 domains: Emotional Health, Access and Continuity of Care, Relationships, Financial Concerns, and Information. The top five specific unmet needs for autologous HCT patients were: inability to set future goals/long-term plans; changes in appearance; bad memory/lacking focus; losing confidence in abilities; paying household or other bills...
August 4, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774198/experiences-of-patients-undergoing-pulmonary-rehabilitation-during-an-exacerbation-of-chronic-respiratory-disease
#6
Emma E Vincent, Emma J Chaplin, Johanna Ea Williams, Theresa Harvey-Dunstan, Neil J Greening, Michael C Steiner, Mike D Morgan, Sally J Singh
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized in the later stages by acute exacerbations that often require hospitalization. Pulmonary rehabilitation is recommended for patients with COPD to aid symptom control, improve quality of life and increase physical activity. We have previously reported a large intervention trial commenced during a hospital admission. The aim of this sub-study was to evaluate the patients' experiences of discharge following the hospitalization for an acute exacerbation of COPD...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768915/trpc3-nox2-complex-mediates-doxorubicin-induced-myocardial-atrophy
#7
Tsukasa Shimauchi, Takuro Numaga-Tomita, Tomoya Ito, Akiyuki Nishimura, Ryosuke Matsukane, Sayaka Oda, Sumio Hoka, Tomomi Ide, Norimichi Koitabashi, Koji Uchida, Hideki Sumimoto, Yasuo Mori, Motohiro Nishida
Myocardial atrophy is a wasting of cardiac muscle due to hemodynamic unloading. Doxorubicin is a highly effective anticancer agent but also induces myocardial atrophy through a largely unknown mechanism. Here, we demonstrate that inhibiting transient receptor potential canonical 3 (TRPC3) channels abolishes doxorubicin-induced myocardial atrophy in mice. Doxorubicin increased production of ROS in rodent cardiomyocytes through hypoxic stress-mediated upregulation of NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2), which formed a stable complex with TRPC3...
August 3, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766850/efficacy-of-a-novel-swallowing-exercise-program-for-chronic-dysphagia-in-long-term-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#8
Sophie A C Kraaijenga, Lisette van der Molen, Martijn M Stuiver, Robert P Takes, Abrahim Al-Mamgani, Michiel W M van den Brekel, Frans J M Hilgers
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of rehabilitative exercises for chronic dysphagia treatment in head and neck cancer survivors has not been studied extensively and is ambiguous. METHODS: A prospective clinical phase II study using an intensive strength training program was carried out in 17 head and neck cancer survivors with chronic dysphagia. Both swallow and nonswallow exercises were performed for 6-8 weeks with a newly developed tool allowing for progressive muscle overload, including chin tuck, jaw opening, and effortful swallow exercises...
August 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766183/guided-imagery-targeting-exercise-food-cravings-and-stress-a-multi-modal-randomized-feasibility-trial
#9
Peter Giacobbi, Dustin Long, Richard Nolan, Samantha Shawley, Kelsey Johnson, Ranjita Misra
The purpose of this randomized wait-list controlled trial was to test the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a guided imagery based multi-behavior intervention intended to address psychological stress, food cravings, and physical activity. Personalized guided imagery scripts were created and participants were instructed to practice guided imagery every day for 35 consecutive days. Of 48 women who enrolled, we report comparisons between 16 randomized to treatment with 19 who were wait-listed (overall Mage = 45...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760151/pureair-protocol-randomized-controlled-trial-of-intensive-pulmonary-rehabilitation-versus-standard-care-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-resection-for-lung-cancer
#10
Stefania Fugazzaro, Stefania Costi, Carlotta Mainini, Besa Kopliku, Cristian Rapicetta, Roberto Piro, Roberta Bardelli, Patricia Filipa Sobral Rebelo, Carla Galeone, Giorgio Sgarbi, Filippo Lococo, Massimiliano Paci, Tommaso Ricchetti, Silvio Cavuto, Domenico Franco Merlo, Sara Tenconi
BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. Surgery is proven to be the most effective treatment in early stages, despite its potential impact on quality of life. Pulmonary rehabilitation, either before or after surgery, is associated with reduced morbidity related symptoms and improved exercise capacity, lung function and quality of life. METHODS: We describe the study protocol for the open-label randomized controlled trial we are conducting on patients affected by primary lung cancer (stages I-II) eligible for surgical treatment...
July 31, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757396/impact-of-the-scare-guideline-on-the-reporting-of-surgical-case-reports-a-before-and-after-study
#11
R A Agha, R Farwana, M R Borrelli, T Tickunas, T Kusu-Orkar, M C Millip, R Thavayogan, J Garner, D P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: The SCARE guideline was developed in 2016 through an expert Delphi consensus exercise. It aimed to improve the quality of reporting of surgical case reports. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of introducing the SCARE guideline for surgical on reporting of case reports submitted to a single journal. METHODS: A total of 20 case reports published in the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports (IJSCR) and Annals of Medicine and Surgery (AMS) in July and August 2016, prior to the introduction of the SCARE guideline (the pre-SCARE period), were randomly identified and scored against the SCARE criteria...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736514/design-and-validation-of-exoskeleton-actuated-by-soft-modules-toward-neurorehabilitation-vision-based-control-for-precise-reaching-motion-of-upper-limb
#12
Victoria W Oguntosin, Yoshiki Mori, Hyejong Kim, Slawomir J Nasuto, Sadao Kawamura, Yoshikatsu Hayashi
We demonstrated the design, production, and functional properties of the Exoskeleton Actuated by the Soft Modules (EAsoftM). Integrating the 3D printed exoskeleton with passive joints to compensate gravity and with active joints to rotate the shoulder and elbow joints resulted in ultra-light system that could assist planar reaching motion by using the vision-based control law. The EAsoftM can support the reaching motion with compliance realized by the soft materials and pneumatic actuation. In addition, the vision-based control law has been proposed for the precise control over the target reaching motion within the millimeter scale...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729887/whole-body-vibration-training-improves-balance-control-and-sit-to-stand-performance-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Ming-Chen Ko, Long-Shan Wu, Sangwoo Lee, Chien-Chun Wang, Po-Fu Lee, Ching-Yu Tseng, Chien-Chang Ho
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with decreased balance, which increases falling risk. The objective of the current study was to determine the feasibility and effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on knee extensor muscle power, limits of stability, and sit-to-stand performance among community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults in the United States. METHODS: A randomized pilot study with participant blinding was conducted. Feasibility outcomes included recruitment and compliance rate...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729234/mobile-phone-supported-physiotherapy-for-frozen-shoulder-feasibility-assessment-based-on-a-usability-study
#14
Thomas Stütz, Gerlinde Emsenhuber, Daniela Huber, Michael Domhardt, Martin Tiefengrabner, Gertie Janneke Oostingh, Ulrike Fötschl, Nicholas Matis, Simon Ginzinger
BACKGROUND: Patients with frozen shoulder show limited shoulder mobility often accompanied by pain. Common treatment methods include physiotherapy, pain medication, administration of corticosteroids, and surgical capsulotomy. Frozen shoulder often lasts from months to years and mostly affects persons in the age group of 40 to 70 years. It severely reduces the quality of life and the ability to work. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention that supports patients affected by "stage two" frozen shoulder...
July 20, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727771/randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-a-supervised-high-intensity-exercise-program-in-patients-with-a-hematologic-malignancy-treated-with-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-results-from-the-exist-study
#15
Saskia Persoon, Mai J M ChinAPaw, Laurien M Buffart, Roberto D K Liu, Pierre Wijermans, Harry R Koene, Monique C Minnema, Pieternella J Lugtenburg, Erik W A Marijt, Johannes Brug, Frans Nollet, Marie José Kersten
BACKGROUND: This single blind, multicenter randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a supervised high intensity exercise program on physical fitness and fatigue in patients with multiple myeloma or lymphoma recently treated with autologous stem cell transplantation. METHODS: 109 patients were randomly assigned to the 18-week exercise intervention or the usual care control group. The primary outcomes included physical fitness (VO2peak and Wpeak determined using a cardiopulmonary exercise test; grip strength and the 30s chair stand test) and fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory) and were assessed prior to randomization and after completion of the intervention or at similar time points for the control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721837/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-combined-with-a-protein-enriched-lean-red-meat-diet-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-women-secondary-analysis-of-a-4-month-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Susan J Torres, Sian Robinson, Liliana Orellana, Stella L O'Connell, Carley A Grimes, Niamh L Mundell, David W Dunstan, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly
Resistance training (RT) and increased dietary protein are recommended to attenuate age-related muscle loss in the elderly. This study examined the effect of a lean red meat protein-enriched diet combined with progressive resistance training (RT+Meat) on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in elderly women. In this 4-month cluster randomised controlled trial, 100 women aged 60-90 years (mean 73 years) from self-care retirement villages participated in RT twice a week and were allocated either 160 g/d (cooked) lean red meat consumed across 2 meals/d, 6 d/week or ≥1 serving/d (25-30 g) carbohydrates (control group, CRT)...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703222/transparency-of-genetic-testing-services-for-health-wellness-and-lifestyle-analysis-of-online-prepurchase-information-for-uk-consumers
#17
Jacqueline A Hall, Rena Gertz, Joan Amato, Claudia Pagliari
The declining cost of DNA sequencing has been accompanied by a proliferation of companies selling 'direct-to-consumer genetic testing' (DTC-GT) services. Many of these are marketed online as tools for enabling citizens to make more informed decisions about their health, wellness and lifestyle. We assessed the 'information for consumers' provided by these companies at the prepurchase stage, which could influence initial decisions to part with money, data or tissue samples. A scoping exercise revealed 65 DTC-GT companies advertising their services online to consumers in the United Kingdom, of which 15 met our inclusion criteria...
August 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697054/medication-simulation-affects-health-provider-students-attitudes-about-adherence-and-concordance
#18
Tamara O Perdue, J Todd Jackson, Christine Herring, Kathryn Garren, R Anthony Yocum, Melvin Swanson, Ann Marie Nye
INTRODUCTION: Assisting polypharmacy patients with complex health regimens is a part of health provider responsibilities. The concepts of adherence and concordance contrast the traditional emphasis on patient compliance. However, health provider students may not be able to empathize with polypharmacy patients. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of a medication simulation on medical, nursing, and pharmacy students' beliefs about adherence and concordance. METHODS: A prospective, quasi-experimental, pretest, and posttest design was used with institutional review board approval...
July 10, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696803/thai-pediatricians-current-practice-toward-childhood-asthma
#19
Harutai Kamalaporn, Pongpan Chawalitdamrong, Aroonwan Preutthipan
BACKGROUND: Childhood asthma is a substantial health burden in Thailand. Due to a lack of pediatric respiratory specialists (pediatric pulmonologists and allergists; RS), most Thai children are cared for by general pediatricians (pediatric primary care providers (PCP)). OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether current practices of Thai pediatricians complied with asthma guidelines and compared practices (diagnosis and treatments) provided by PCP and RS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using electronic surveys including four case scenarios of different asthma phenotypes distributed to Thai pediatricians...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689843/nonpharmacologic-therapy-for-severe-persistent-asthma
#20
Chase Hall, Linda Nici, Shweta Sood, Richard ZuWallack, Mario Castro
The treatment of asthma largely depends on guideline-based pharmacologic therapies. However, nonpharmacologic therapies for asthma such as pulmonary rehabilitation, focused breathing techniques, and bronchial thermoplasty have an important, yet underappreciated, role. Structured pulmonary rehabilitation programs can reduce dyspnea and increase cardiopulmonary fitness. The educational component of these programs can ensure that therapies are being used appropriately, increase compliance, and decrease health care utilization...
July 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
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