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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227695/implantable-gastric-electric-stimulator-with-automatic-daily-activity-compliance-reporting
#1
Eri Takami, Javier J Sanchez, Rose Province, Antonio J Torres, Eri Takami, Javier J Sanchez, Rose Province, Antonio J Torres, Eri Takami, Javier J Sanchez, Antonio J Torres, Rose Province
In order for any obesity therapy to be successful real behavior change by the individual is required. We present an implantable obesity therapy that combines gastric electrical stimulation for satiety with onboard sensors that provide self-monitoring for the patient and compliance reporting to the clinician. An algorithm for processing data from the onboard three axis accelerometer for use in physical activity monitoring was developed and validated. Four obese patients participated in a study where self-reported sleep and exercise was compared with the events detected by the implanted system, and two commercially available, wearable activity monitors...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215059/motives-for-physical-exercise-participation-as-a-basis-for-the-development-of-patient-oriented-exercise-interventions-in-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Inga Krauss, Uwe Katzmarek, Monika A Rieger, Gorden Sudeck
BACKGROUND: Physical exercises are effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). There is consensus that exercise interventions should take into account the patient's preferences and needs in order to improve compliance to exercise regimes. One important personal factor is the patient's motivation for physical exercise. Health improvement is a relevant motive for exercise participation. Accordingly, exercise interventions primarily focus on health related needs such as strengthening and pain reduction...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204994/prevalence-of-aromatase-inhibitor-induced-arthralgia-in-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
David Beckwée, Laurence Leysen, Kaipo Meuwis, Nele Adriaenssens
BACKGROUND: Although aromatase inhibitors have proven to be an effective treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women, aromatase inhibitor-induced arthralgia (AIA) is an adverse event associated with low compliance with treatment. The aim of this literature study is to assess the prevalence of AIA and to provide an overview of significant predictors for the development of AIA. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science...
February 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194413/patient-centered-robot-aided-passive-neurorehabilitation-exercise-based-on-safety-motion-decision-making-mechanism
#4
Lizheng Pan, Aiguo Song, Suolin Duan, Zhuqing Yu
Safety is one of the crucial issues for robot-aided neurorehabilitation exercise. When it comes to the passive rehabilitation training for stroke patients, the existing control strategies are usually just based on position control to carry out the training, and the patient is out of the controller. However, to some extent, the patient should be taken as a "cooperator" of the training activity, and the movement speed and range of the training movement should be dynamically regulated according to the internal or external state of the subject, just as what the therapist does in clinical therapy...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173929/postflight-reconditioning-for-european-astronauts-a-case-report-of-recovery-after-six-months-in-space
#5
Nora Petersen, Gunda Lambrecht, Jonathan Scott, Natalie Hirsch, Maria Stokes, Joachim Mester
BACKGROUND: Postflight reconditioning of astronauts is understudied. Despite a rigorous, daily inflight exercise countermeasures programme during six months in microgravity (μG) on-board the International Space Station (ISS), physiological impairments occur and postflight reconditioning is still required on return to Earth. Such postflight programmes are implemented by space agency reconditioning specialists. Case Description and Assessments: A 38 year old male European Space Agency (ESA) crewmember's pre- and postflight (at six and 21 days after landing) physical performance from a six-month mission to ISS are described...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166118/all-extremity-exercise-training-improves-arterial-stiffness-in-older-adults
#6
Han-Kyul Kim, Chueh-Lung Hwang, Jeung-Ki Yoo, Moon-Hyon Hwang, Eileen M Handberg, John W Petersen, Wilmer W Nichols, Sofia Sofianos, Demetra D Christou
: Large elastic arteries stiffen with age which predisposes older adults to increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Aerobic exercise training is known to reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease, but the optimal exercise prescription for attenuating large elastic arterial stiffening in older adults is not known. PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the effect of all-extremity high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and carotid artery compliance in older adults...
February 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151071/strategies-to-improve-self-management-in-heart-failure-patients
#7
Mehnosh Toback, Nancy Clark
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is one of the most common causes of hospitalization, hospital readmission and death. Patients with heart failure have many complications, with multiple co-existing diagnoses which result in polypharmacy. Following instructions provided by many physicians, medication adjustments based on changes in their symptoms are required. Behavioral adjustments concerning diet and exercise regime are recommended. Therefore, the patient plays a crucial role in the management of heart failure...
February 2, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150139/acute-effects-of-moderate-continuous-training-on-stress-test-related-pulse-pressure-and-wave-reflection-in-healthy-men
#8
Florian Milatz, Sascha Ketelhut, Reinhard G Ketelhut
INTRODUCTION: Arterial dysfunction develops early in life even in individuals with modest cardiovascular risk. Stress is associated with increased risk in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. AIM: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the acute effects of moderate continuous training (MCT) on established markers of arterial stiffness and cardiovascular risk during standardized cold pressor stress testing (CPT). METHODS: 29 young healthy male subjects (33...
February 2, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149311/stress-as-a-risk-factor-for-noncompliance-with-treatment-regimens-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-hypertension
#9
Hamidreza Roohafza, Ali Kabir, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Pedram Shokouh, Masoud Ahmadzad-Asl, Ali Akbar Khadem-Maboudi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: We have assessed the role of stress on compliance of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) with taking prescribed medications and following dietary and exercise regimens. METHODS: A total of 9544 individuals more than 19 years of age were selected from three counties in central Iran. The presence of DM and HTN were asked from participants. We defined treatment adherence (compliance) based on agreement of individual's self-report behavior with recommendations from a physician...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143679/a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-exercise-as-adjunct-therapy-in-a-heroin-assisted-treatment-setting
#10
Flora Colledge, Marc Vogel, Kenneth Dürsteler-Macfarland, Jonas Strom, Susanne Schoen, Uwe Pühse, Markus Gerber
BACKGROUND: Although the potential of exercise as an adjunct treatment for substance dependence is persuasive in theory, few controlled trials have assessed its effectiveness. Existing research has also largely focused on individuals aiming towards, or having already achieved, abstinence. This study employed a randomized design in a pilot trial to assess the feasibility, acceptance, and effects of an exercise intervention for individuals receiving outpatient heroin-assisted treatment...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134590/supervised-exercise-therapy-in-the-management-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-an-assessment-of-compliance
#11
Thomas M Aherne, Elrasheid A H Kheirelseid, Michael Boland, Shane Carr, Thekra Al-Zabi, Khalid Bashar, Daragh Moneley, Austin Leahy, Noel McCaffrey, Peter Naughton
BACKGROUND: Supervised exercise therapy (SET) is an effective option in the management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Unfortunately, poor compliance remains prevalent. This study aimed to assess patient exercise compliance and to identify factors influencing symptomatic improvement and SET participation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data regarding attendance at SET for this cohort study were extracted from a prospectively maintained database of patients with claudication attending SET at Dublin City University...
January 30, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132741/respiratory-muscle-training-improves-chemoreflex-response-heart-rate-variability-and-respiratory-mechanics-in-rats-with-heart-failure
#12
Rodrigo B Jaenisch, Edson Quagliotto, Chalyne Chechi, Leonardo Calegari, Fernando Dos Santos, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Pedro Dal Lago
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present report was to evaluate respiratory muscle training (RMT) effects on hemodynamic function, chemoreflex response, heart rate variability, and respiratory mechanics in rats with heart failure (HF rats). METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: sedentary-sham (Sed-Sham, n = 8), respiratory muscle trained-sham (RMT-Sham, n = 8), sedentary-HF (Sed-HF, n = 8) and respiratory muscle trained-HF (RMT-HF, n = 8). Animals were submitted to an RMT protocol performed 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week for 6 weeks, whereas the sedentary animals did not exercise...
November 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115006/effectiveness-of-an-implementation-optimisation-intervention-aimed-at-increasing-parent-engagement-in-henry-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-the-optimising-family-engagement-in-henry-often-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Maria Bryant, Wendy Burton, Bonnie Cundill, Amanda J Farrin, Jane Nixon, June Stevens, Kim Roberts, Robbie Foy, Harry Rutter, Suzanne Hartley, Sandy Tubeuf, Michelle Collinson, Julia Brown
BACKGROUND: Family-based interventions to prevent childhood obesity depend upon parents' taking action to improve diet and other lifestyle behaviours in their families. Programmes that attract and retain high numbers of parents provide an enhanced opportunity to improve public health and are also likely to be more cost-effective than those that do not. We have developed a theory-informed optimisation intervention to promote parent engagement within an existing childhood obesity prevention group programme, HENRY (Health Exercise Nutrition for the Really Young)...
January 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105113/a-model-of-health-education-and-management-for-osteoporosis-prevention
#14
Liang Wang, Xiaowen Xu, Yan Zhang, Hongxia Hao, Liying Chen, Tianjiao Su, Yan Zhang, Weifeng Ma, Yuanyuan Xie, Tiantian Wang, Fan Yang, Li He, Wenjiao Wang, Xuemei Fu, Yuanzheng Ma
Osteoporosis, a chronic disease with no therapeutic cure, affects a growing number of people as the aging population in China rapidly increases. Therefore, developing an evidence-based model of health education and management for osteoporosis prevention is required. In the present study, an osteoporosis club was established, which is a novel model of health education and management for osteoporosis prevention. A unified management of membership was used based on a digitized database. A total of 436 patients with osteoporosis were randomly assigned to the osteoporosis club group or the self-management control group...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104096/telemedicine-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Guixia Wang, Zhengyun Zhang, Yakun Feng, Lin Sun, Xianchao Xiao, Gang Wang, Yuan Gao, Huan Wang, Hong Zhang, Yufeng Deng, Chenglin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore a model of Internet-based integrated management of diabetes, we established a remote diabetes medical service platform (U-Healthcare) and evaluated its effectiveness and practicality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 212 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Data from the intervention group were automatically transmitted through a glucometer; furthermore, this group received information regarding medicines, diet, exercise and other management through U-Healthcare...
January 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095749/obese-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-have-elevated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-markers
#16
Sonali S Patel, Uyen Truong, Martina King, Annie Ferland, Kerrie L Moreau, Jennifer Dorosz, John E Hokanson, Hong Wang, Gregory L Kinney, David M Maahs, Robert H Eckel, Kristen J Nadeau, Melanie Cree-Green
Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have evidence of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, insulin resistance, an important factor in the development of CVD in adults, is common in adolescents with PCOS, yet data in adolescents are limited. Therefore, we sought to measure insulin resistance and CVD markers in obese youth with and without PCOS. Thirty-six PCOS and 17 non-PCOS adolescent girls who were obese, sedentary, and non-hypertensive were recruited from clinics located within the Children's Hospital Colorado...
January 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089167/diabetic-self-care-practices-in-rural-mysuru-southern-karnataka-india-a-need-for-diabetes-self-management-educational-dsme-program
#17
K M Srinath, Madhu Basavegowda, Nandarula Sai Tharuni
CONTEXT: Diabetes and its complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Self care has emerged as a crucial element in the management of diabetes and a key factor associated with the quality of diabetic care. AIMS: The purpose of the study was to assess the self care activities of patients with Type II diabetes mellitus in a rural area of Mysuru district. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A community based cross sectional descriptive study was carried out among 400 diabetic patients in rural Mysore...
December 15, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089109/a-cross-sectional-study-of-physical-activity-and-arterial-compliance-the-effects-of-age-and-artery-size
#18
A Maleah Holland, Jeffrey S Martin, Christopher D Mattson, Keith R Lohse, Peter R Finn, Joel M Stager
Our study examined the relationship between habitual high levels of vigorous physical activity on large and small artery compliance via radial artery pulse wave analysis. Eighty-three healthy men (n = 44) and women (n = 39), aged 18-78 years, were recruited as habitually less active (light-to-moderate exercise ≤3 times/wk) or habitually highly active (vigorous exercise ≥5 times/wk). A multivariate analysis of variance revealed a significant interaction of age and activity level; habitual vigorous activity was associated with greater compliance in large and small arteries in older adults (40-78 years) and younger adults (18-22 years)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086943/a-lifestyle-intervention-among-elderly-men-on-active-surveillance-for-non-aggressive-prostate-cancer-a-randomised-feasibility-study-with-whole-grain-rye-and-exercise
#19
Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Rikke Dalgaard Hansen, Michael Borre, Ryan Godsk Larsen, Jeppe Munthe Jensen, Kristian Overgaard, Mette Borre, Cecilie Kyrø, Rikard Landberg, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for men with non-aggressive prostate cancer is good, and several studies have investigated the impact of lifestyle changes including physical activity and diet on the prognosis. Despite positive results in animal studies and a few human interventions with whole-grain rye on markers of prostate cancer progression, the feasibility of trials investigating such dietary changes in combination with physical activity remains largely unstudied. The primary aim was to investigate the feasibility of an intervention with high whole-grain rye intake and vigorous physical activity for 6 months in men diagnosed with prostate cancer...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078090/the-effect-of-ongoing-feedback-on-physical-activity-levels-following-an-exercise-intervention-in-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#20
Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T Smith, Greig Watson, Andrew D Williams
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases over time and health effects only persist as long as the new lifestyle is maintained. Telephone counselling (TC) is an effective way to provide individuals with ongoing support to maintain lifestyle changes. Remote physical activity monitoring and feedback (RAMF) via interactive technologies such as activity trackers and smartphones may be a cost-effective alternative to TC, however, this comparison has not been made...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
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