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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645960/efficacy-of-adding-a-physiotherapy-rehabilitation-programme-to-arthroscopic-management-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-a-randomised-controlled-trial-fair
#1
Kim L Bennell, Libby Spiers, Amir Takla, John O'Donnell, Jessica Kasza, David J Hunter, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVES: Although several rehabilitation programmes following hip arthroscopy for femoracetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome have been described, there are no clinical trials evaluating whether formal physiotherapy-prescribed rehabilitation improves recovery compared with self-directed rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adding a physiotherapist-prescribed rehabilitation programme to arthroscopic surgery for FAI syndrome. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643119/home-based-versus-center-based-aerobic-exercise-on-cardiopulmonary-performance-physical-function-quality-of-life-and-quality-of-sleep-of-overweight-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Danilo Takashi Aoike, Flavia Baria, Maria Ayako Kamimura, Adriano Ammirati, Lilian Cuppari
BACKGROUND: The association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and obesity can decrease the patients' cardiopulmonary capacity, physical functioning and quality of life. The search for effective and practical alternative methods of exercise to engage patients in training programs is of great importance. Therefore, we aimed to compare the effects of home-based versus center-based aerobic exercise on the cardiopulmonary and functional capacities, quality of life and quality of sleep of overweight non-dialysis-dependent patients with CKD (NDD-CKD)...
June 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641737/exploring-experiences-barriers-and-enablers-to-home-and-class-based-exercise-in-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-a-qualitative-study
#3
Fiona M Sandford, Thomas A B Sanders, Jeremy S Lewis
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. INTRODUCTION: Adherence is paramount to the successful outcome of exercise-based treatment. PURPOSE OF STUDY: The barriers and enablers to adherence to a home- and class-based exercise program were explored in this qualitative study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out to establish common themes relating to the participants' experiences during a year-long randomized controlled trial...
April 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635971/exercise-among-women-with-ovarian-cancer-a-feasibility-and-pre-post-test-exploratory-pilot-study
#4
Xiaochen Zhang, Daniel McClean, Emily Ko, Mark A Morgan, Kathryn Schmitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To establish the feasibility and acceptability of completing a higher dose of the planned physical activity volume among women with ovarian cancer, including those undergoing active treatment. 
. DESIGN: A pre-/post-test exercise intervention. All participants were asked to complete 225 minutes per week of physical activity for 26 weeks. Multiple supports were provided, including exercise DVDs, self-reported logs, and an objective physical activity tracker (Fitbit®)...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634259/effectiveness-of-an-online-support-programme-supr-for-older-hearing-aid-users-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Janine Fj Meijerink, Marieke Pronk, Bernadette Paulissen, Birgit I Witte, Bregje van der Wouden, Vera Jansen, Sophia E Kramer
BACKGROUND: An educational SUpport PRogramme called SUPR has been developed for hearing aid users (HAUs) and their communication partners (CPs) offering care beyond hearing aid fitting. SUPR teaches its users communication strategies, hearing aid handling skills and personal adjustment to hearing impairment. METHODS/DESIGN: Using a cluster randomised controlled trial design, 70 Dutch hearing aid dispenser practices were randomised into hearing aid fitting (care as usual, 34 practices) and hearing aid fitting including SUPR (36 practices)...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633534/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-improves-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-on-continuous-intravenous-inotropic-support-use-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Patrícia Forestieri, Douglas W Bolzan, Vinícius B Santos, Rita Simone Lopes Moreira, Dirceu Rodrigues de Almeida, Renata Trimer, Flávio de Souza Brito, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Antonio Carlos de Camargo Carvalho, Ross Arena, Walter J Gomes, Solange Guizilini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a short-term neuromuscular electrical stimulation program on exercise tolerance in hospitalized patients with advanced heart failure who have suffered an acute decompensation and are under continuous intravenous inotropic support. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SUBJECTS: Initially, 195 patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure were recruited, but 70 were randomized. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized into two groups: control group subject to the usual care ( n = 35); neuromuscular electrical stimulation group ( n = 35) received daily training sessions to both lower extremities for around two weeks...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630726/the-hapi-hip-arthroscopy-pre-habilitation-intervention-study-does-pre-habilitation-affect-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoro-acetabular-impingement
#7
Louise F Grant, Derek J Cooper, Jon L Conroy
The purpose of this randomized prospective comparative controlled pilot study was to determine whether specific patient exercises done pre-hip arthroscopy surgery for femoro-acetabular impingement affected post-operative recovery. Between October 2013 and June 2014, 6 males and twelve females over the age of eighteen, who were listed for hip arthroscopy for femoro-acetabular impingement, were randomized into two groups. A hip-specific, 8-week home exercise programme was given to the experimental group before their surgery...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628594/telehealth-wearable-sensors-and-the-internet-will-they-improve-stroke-outcomes-through-increased-intensity-of-therapy-motivation-and-adherence-to-rehabilitation-programs
#8
Jane H Burridge, Alan Chong W Lee, Ruth Turk, Maria Stokes, Jill Whitall, Ravi Vaidyanathan, Phil Clatworthy, Ann-Marie Hughes, Claire Meagher, Enrico Franco, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke, predominantly a condition of older age, is a major cause of acquired disability in the global population and puts an increasing burden on health care resources. Clear evidence for the importance of intensity of therapy in optimizing functional outcomes is found in animal models, supported by neuroimaging and behavioral research, and strengthened by recent meta-analyses from multiple clinical trials. However, providing intensive therapy using conventional treatment paradigms is expensive and sometimes not feasible because of social and environmental factors...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626323/effect-of-diaphragm-breathing-exercise-applied-on-the-basis-of-overload-principle
#9
Hae-Yong Lee, Song-Hee Cheon, Min-Sik Yong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine effects of diaphragm breathing exercise applied on the basis overload principle on respiratory function. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 35 normal adults. They were randomly assigned to two group; the maneuver-diaphragm exercise group and self-diaphragm exercise group. The respiratory function was evaluated using the CardioTouch 3000S (BIONET, Korea) as a pulmometry device. [Results] The maneuver-diaphragm exercise was more effective on functional vital capacity and forced expiratory volume at one second when compared to the self-diaphragm exercise...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626106/-seedi-basic-strategies-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Chunsong Hu
ABCDE strategy, mainly based on drugs or medications and the lifestyle modification (named as "main medical strategy"), is popular in the guideline for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in China and foreign countries. Here, the author recommends a non-invasive and non-pharmacologic "Zhongzi" rule, which includes 4 healthy elements: Sleep, emotion, exercise, and diet (SEED), and also called SEED intervention (SEEDi) strategy. It is the basic strategy for primary and secondary prevention of non-infectious diseases, especially for ASCVD...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623895/effects-of-home-based-exercise-on-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-randomized-pilot-and-feasibility-trial
#11
Koji Hiraki, Yugo Shibagaki, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Chiharu Hotta, Akiko Wakamiya, Tsutomu Sakurada, Takashi Yasuda, Kenjiro Kimura
BACKGROUND: Only a few research is available on the effects of home-based exercise training on pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the effect of home-based exercise therapy on kidney function and arm and leg muscle strength in pre-dialysis CKD patients. METHODS: Thirty-six male stage 3-4 pre-dialysis CKD patients (age, 68.7 ± 6.8 years; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 39.0 ± 11.6 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) who were being treated as outpatients were included...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621708/breathing-analysis-using-thermal-and-depth-imaging-camera-video-records
#12
Aleš Procházka, Hana Charvátová, Oldřich Vyšata, Jakub Kopal, Jonathon Chambers
The paper is devoted to the study of facial region temperature changes using a simple thermal imaging camera and to the comparison of their time evolution with the pectoral area motion recorded by the MS Kinect depth sensor. The goal of this research is to propose the use of video records as alternative diagnostics of breathing disorders allowing their analysis in the home environment as well. The methods proposed include (i) specific image processing algorithms for detecting facial parts with periodic temperature changes; (ii) computational intelligence tools for analysing the associated videosequences; and (iii) digital filters and spectral estimation tools for processing the depth matrices...
June 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621589/effect-of-hospitalization-on-gastrointestinal-motility-and-ph-in-dogs
#13
Kanawee Warrit, Pedro Boscan, Leah E Ferguson, Allison M Bradley, Kristy L Dowers, David C Twedt
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of hospitalization on gastrointestinal motility and pH in healthy dogs. DESIGN Experimental study. ANIMALS 12 healthy adult dogs. PROCEDURES A wireless motility capsule (WMC) that measured pressure, transit time, and pH within the gastrointestinal tract was administered orally to dogs in 2 phases. In the first phase, dogs received the WMC at the hospital and then returned to their home to follow their daily routine. In the second phase, dogs were hospitalized, housed individually, had abdominal radiography performed daily, and were leash exercised 4 to 6 times/d until the WMC passed in the feces...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616252/important-considerations-for-feasibility-studies-in-physical-activity-research-involving-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-scoping-systematic-review-and-case-study
#14
Yvonne C Learmonth, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND: Much research has been undertaken to establish the important benefits of physical activity in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). There is disagreement regarding the strength of this research, perhaps because the majority of studies on physical activity and its benefits have not undergone initial and systematic feasibility testing. We aim to address the feasibility processes that have been examined within the context of physical activity interventions in MS. METHOD: A systematic scoping review was conducted based on a literature search of five databases to identify feasibility processes described in preliminary studies of physical activity in MS...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615937/patient-perceived-treatment-burden-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Nathan Harb, Juliet M Foster, Claudia C Dobler
BACKGROUND: While chronic morbidity and mortality from COPD is well documented, little is known about the treatment burden faced by patients with COPD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with severe airflow obstruction (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] <50% predicted) representing different age-groups, sex, and number of comorbidities participated in a semistructured interview. Interviews were conducted until thematic saturation was reached. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed thematically using an established treatment-burden framework...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612635/wearable-sensors-can-they-benefit-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
Fokko Pieter Wieringa, Natascha Broers, J P Kooman, Frank M van der Sande, Chris van Hoof
Introduction This article ponders upon wearable medical measurement devices in relation to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and its' associated comorbidities - and whether these might benefit CKD-patients. We aimed to map the intersection(s) of nephrology and wearable sensor technology to help technologists understand medical aspects, and clinicians to understand technological possibilities that are available (or soon will become so). Areas covered A structured literature search on main comorbidities and complications CKD patients suffer from, was used to steer mini-reviews on wearable sensor technologies clustered around 3 themes being: Cardiovascular-related, diabetes-related and physical fitness/frailty...
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610673/sit-to-stand-tests-for-copd-a-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Trija Vaidya, Arnaud Chambellan, Claire de Bisschop
BACKGROUND: Sit-to-stand tests (STST) have recently been developed as easy-to-use field tests to evaluate exercise tolerance in COPD patients. As several modalities of the test exist, this review presents a synthesis of the advantages and limitations of these tools with the objective of helping health professionals to identify the STST modality most appropriate for their patients. METHOD: Seventeen original articles dealing with STST in COPD patients have been identified and analysed including eleven on 1min-STST and four other versions of the test (ranging from 5 to 10 repetitions and from 30 s to 3 min)...
July 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598701/a-double-blind-randomized-pilot-trial-comparing-computerized-cognitive-exercises-to-tetris-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Aida Bikic, Torben Østergaard Christensen, James F Leckman, Niels Bilenberg, Søren Dalsgaard
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this trial was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of computerized cognitive exercises from Scientific Brain Training (SBT), compared to the computer game Tetris as an active placebo, in a pilot study of adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Eighteen adolescents with ADHD were randomized to treatment or control intervention for 7 weeks. Outcome measures were cognitive test, symptom, and motivation questionnaires...
June 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598539/feasibility-and-safety-of-home-exercise-training-in-children-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#19
Robert I Liem, Moriyike Akinosun, Devin S Muntz, Alexis A Thompson
Exercise guidelines do not exist for individuals with sickle cell anemia (SCA) despite the impact of disease-related complications on physical functioning. Thirteen subjects (mean 15.1 ± 2.8 years old) with SCA were prescribed three exercise sessions/week for 12 weeks on a stationary bicycle placed at home. In total, 77% of subjects completed 89% of prescribed sessions without exercise-related adverse events, thus meeting feasibility and safety criteria. Adherence to prescribed duration and target heart rate during training decreased during the second half of the study...
June 9, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597102/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-and-weight-loss-versus-weight-loss-alone-on-inflammatory-and-endothelial-biomarkers-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Eliza G Miller, Parneet Sethi, Caryl A Nowson, David W Dunstan, Robin M Daly
PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes has been associated with an increase in inflammatory and endothelial biomarkers, which are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes-related complications. This study examined the effects of high-intensity progressive resistance training (PRT) with moderate weight loss (WL) versus WL alone on inflammatory and endothelial biomarkers in older overweight adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This was a 12-month randomized controlled trial in which 36 inactive, overweight adults aged 60-80 years with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes were randomized to 6 months of supervised PRT + WL or stretching (sham) exercise plus WL followed by 6 months of home-training without dietary modification...
June 8, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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