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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667850/a-survey-of-fellowship-trained-upper-extremity-surgeons-on-treatment-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#1
Steven R Niedermeier, Nisha Crouser, Amy Speeckaert, Kanu S Goyal
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to investigate current management strategies for lateral epicondylitis by fellowship-trained upper extremity surgeons. METHODS: A 17-question survey of treatment approaches and outcomes related to lateral epicondylitis was sent to 3354 surgeons using the American Society for Surgery of the Hand and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons member databases. RESULTS: Six hundred twelve upper extremity surgeons completed the survey...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664851/minimally-displaced-isolated-radial-head-and-neck-fractures-do-not-require-formal-physical-therapy-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#2
Kenneth A Egol, Jack M Haglin, Ariana Lott, Nina Fisher, Sanjit R Konda
BACKGROUND: Nondisplaced and minimally displaced fractures of the radial head and neck are common injuries, yet the role of physical therapy (PT) in their treatment is unclear. The aim of this trial was to assess the need for formal PT following a simple fracture of the radial head or neck. METHODS: Patients who had a nondisplaced or minimally displaced fracture of the radial head or neck and presented to 1 of 2 providers were enrolled prospectively between January 2014 and August 2016...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#3
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656064/a-prospective-study-of-patient-reported-pain-after-bulbar-urethroplasty
#4
Patrick Evans, Sorena Keihani, Benjamin N Breyer, Bradley A Erickson, James M Hotaling, Sara M Lenherr, Jeremy B Myers
PURPOSE: To understand the prevalence of chronic perineal pain, activity limitations, and patient satisfaction after urethroplasty. METHODS: From 2014-2016, we prospectively enrolled men undergoing urethroplasty for bulbar urethral strictures. Patients, before and after surgery, completed questions from the Core Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Score (CLSS) assessing pain frequency in the bladder and penis/urethra, as well as non-validated questions assessing perineal pain...
April 12, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652778/does-the-use-of-electrotherapies-increase-the-effectiveness-of-neck-stabilization-exercises-for-improving-pain-disability-mood-and-quality-of-life-in-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-single-blind-study
#5
Hilal Yesil, Simin Hepguler, Umit Dundar, Sahel Taravati, Banu Isleten
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) or interferential current (IFC) increase the effectiveness of neck stabilization exercises on pain, disability, mood, and quality of life for chronic neck pain (CNP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neck pain is one of the three most frequently reported complaints of the musculoskeletal system...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648571/engaging-fathers-to-increase-physical-activity-in-girls-the-dads-and-daughters-exercising-and-empowered-dadee-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Philip J Morgan, Myles D Young, Alyce T Barnes, Narelle Eather, Emma R Pollock, David R Lubans
Background: Existing strategies to increase girls' physical activity levels have seen limited success. Fathers may influence their children's physical activity, but often spend more time with their sons and rarely participate in family-based programs. Purpose: To test a novel program designed to increase the physical activity levels of fathers and their daughters. Methods: In a two-arm RCT, 115 fathers (29-53 years) and 153 daughters (4-12 years) were randomized to (i) the "Dads And Daughters Exercising and Empowered" (DADEE) program, or (ii) a wait-list control...
April 10, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648517/preliminary-evidence-of-reductive-stress-in-human-cytotoxic-t-cells-following-exercise
#7
Alex James Wadley, Adrian Holliday, Rhys G Morgan, Kate J Heesom, Sarah Aldred, Derek M Peters, Allain A Bueno, Steven J Coles
This study investigated immunophenotypic differences in intracellular thiol redox state of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from trained (TR, n=9, mean {plus minus} SD: age 28 {plus minus} 5 years; BMI 23.2 {plus minus} 2.6 kg·m2 ; VO2max 56.9 {plus minus} 6.1 ml·kg-1 ·min-1 ) and recreationally active (RA, n=11, mean {plus minus} SD: age 27 {plus minus} 6 years; BMI 24.2 {plus minus} 3.7 kg·m2 ; VO2max 45.1 {plus minus} 6.4 ml·kg-1 ·min-1 ) participants before and after a maximal aerobic exercise tolerance test...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644834/31p-mr-spectroscopy-of-patients-with-mild-and-serious-lower-limb-ischemia
#8
Petr Sedivy, Miloslav Drobny, Monika Dezortova, Vit Herynek, Karel Roztocil, Helena Cermakova, Andrea Nemcova, Michal Dubsky, Milan Hajek
BACKGROUND: 31P MR spectroscopy is a technique for undertaking a comprehensive evaluation of muscle metabolism. The goal of this study was to compare patients with mild and severe lower limb ischemia measured by 31P MR spectroscopy at rest and during exercise. METHODS: 16 nondiabetic mild peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) patients, 23 diabetic PAOD patients with severe ischemia and 19 healthy controls were examined by rest and dynamic 31P MR spectroscopy with a 3T MR system equipped with an MR-compatible home-made pedal ergometer...
April 11, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643594/the-effect-of-a-vr-exercise-program-on-falls-and-depression-in-the-elderly-with-mild-depression-in-the-local-community
#9
Jong-Eun Yang, Tac-Young Lee, Jin-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of a VR exercise program on falls and depression in the elderly with mild depression who reside in the local community. [Subjects and Methods] This study was performed by targeting 15 elderly subjects with mild depression who resided in the local community. The targeted subjects voluntarily selected 3 VR exercise programs (each lasting 10 minutes) among 4 activities, and a resting time of 5 minutes was given for an interval after each activity. The VR exercise program was performed for total 12 weeks (36 times), 3 times a week, 45 minutes per session...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643055/findings-of-the-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-sitting-and-exacerbations-trial-copd-seat-in-reducing-sedentary-time-using-wearable-and-mobile-technologies-with-educational-support-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#10
Mark W Orme, Amie E Weedon, Paula M Saukko, Dale W Esliger, Mike D Morgan, Michael C Steiner, John W Downey, Lauren B Sherar, Sally J Singh
BACKGROUND: Targeting sedentary time post exacerbation may be more relevant than targeting structured exercise for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Focusing interventions on sitting less and moving more after an exacerbation may act as a stepping stone to increase uptake to pulmonary rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to conduct a randomized trial examining trial feasibility and the acceptability of an education and self-monitoring intervention using wearable technology to reduce sedentary behavior for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admitted to hospital for an acute exacerbation...
April 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627967/supervised-exercise-therapy-versus-home-based-exercise-therapy-versus-walking-advice-for-intermittent-claudication
#11
REVIEW
David Hageman, Hugo Jp Fokkenrood, Lindy Nm Gommans, Marijn Ml van den Houten, Joep Aw Teijink
BACKGROUND: Although supervised exercise therapy (SET) provides significant symptomatic benefit for patients with intermittent claudication (IC), it remains an underutilized tool. Widespread implementation of SET is restricted by lack of facilities and funding. Structured home-based exercise therapy (HBET) with an observation component (e.g., exercise logbooks, pedometers) and just walking advice (WA) are alternatives to SET. This is the second update of a review first published in 2006...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625012/home-based-physical-activity-program-improves-depression-and-anxiety-in-older-adults
#12
Susan Aguiñaga, Diane K Ehlers, Elizabeth A Salerno, Jason Fanning, Robert W Motl, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Late-life depression and anxiety among older adults is an important public health concern. This study examined the effect of a DVD-delivered exercise intervention on the secondary outcomes of depression and anxiety in older adults and the extent to which physical self-worth mediated the relationship between leisure-time physical activity and depression and anxiety. METHODS: Older adults (N = 307) were randomized to a 6-month flexibility, toning, and balance DVD (FlexToBa™, FTB) or healthy aging DVD control...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623096/drinking-water-supply-sanitation-and-hygiene-promotion-interventions-in-two-slum-communities-in-central-uganda
#13
David Musoke, Rawlance Ndejjo, Abdullah Ali Halage, Simon Kasasa, John C Ssempebwa, David O Carpenter
Poor water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) continue to contribute to the high prevalence of diarrhoeal diseases in low-income countries such as Uganda particularly in slums. We implemented a 3-year WASH project in two urban slums in Uganda with a focus on safe drinking water and improvement in sanitation. The project implemented community and school interventions in addition to capacity building initiatives. Community interventions included home improvement campaigns, clean-up exercises, water quality assessment, promotion of drinking safe water through household point-of-use chlorination, promotion of hand washing, and support towards solid waste management...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620394/the-home-field-advantage-and-the-perils-of-professional-judgment-evaluating-the-performance-of-the-static-99r-and-the-mnsost-3-in-predicting-sexual-recidivism
#14
Grant Duwe, Michael Rocque
When sex offenders in Minnesota are assigned risk levels prior to their release from prison, correctional staff frequently exercise professional judgment by overriding the presumptive risk level per an offender's score on the Minnesota Sex Offender Screening Tool-3 (MnSOST-3), a sexual recidivism risk-assessment instrument. These overrides enabled us to evaluate whether the use of professional judgment resulted in better predictive performance than did reliance on "actuarial" judgment (MnSOST-3). Using multiple metrics, we also compared the performance of a home-grown instrument (the MnSOST-3) with a global assessment (the revised version of the Static-99 [Static-99R]) in predicting sexual recidivism for 650 sex offenders released from Minnesota prisons in 2012...
April 5, 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618925/can-community-care-workers-deliver-a-falls-prevention-exercise-program-a-feasibility-study
#15
Elissa Burton, Gill Lewin, Hilary O'Connell, Mark Petrich, Eileen Boyle, Keith D Hill
Background: Almost half of older people receiving community care fall each year and this rate has not improved in the last decade. Falls prevention programs targeted at this group are uncommon, and expensively delivered by university trained allied health professionals. Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of community care workers delivering a falls prevention exercise program to older clients, at low or medium risk of falling, as part of an existing service provision...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618280/progressive-resistance-exercise-training-and-changes-in-resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-the-caudate-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-severe-fatigue-a-proof-of-concept-study
#16
Nadine Akbar, Brian M Sandroff, Glenn R Wylie, Lauren B Strober, Angela Smith, Yael Goverover, Robert W Motl, John DeLuca, Helen Genova
Fatigue is one of the most disabling symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). While progressive resistance training (PRT) has been shown to reduce fatigue in persons with MS, it is not clear why these reductions occur. One hypothesis is that PRT may induce functional changes to the caudate, a region highly implicated in MS fatigue. The aim of the current study was to study the effects of PRT on overall fatigue impact and resting-state functional connectivity of the caudate in persons with MS reporting severe fatigue...
April 4, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618274/usability-testing-of-an-mhealth-device-for-swallowing-therapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#17
Gabriela Constantinescu, Kristina Kuffel, Ben King, William Hodgetts, Jana Rieger
The objective of this study was to conduct the first patient usability testing of a mobile health (mHealth) system for in-home swallowing therapy. Five participants with a history of head and neck cancer evaluated the mHealth system. After completing an in-application (app) tutorial with the clinician, participants were asked to independently complete five tasks: pair the device to the smartphone, place the device correctly, exercise, interpret progress displays, and close the system. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to evaluate the effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction with the system...
April 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617180/use-of-trunk-muscle-training-and-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-to-reduce-pain-and-disability-in-an-older-adult-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-case-report
#18
Jenifer M Pugliese, J Megan Sions, Teonette O Velasco, Gregory E Hicks
Among older adults, low back pain (LBP) is common, costly, and disabling. Trunk muscle training (TMT) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) have both been found to be effective in reducing LBP, but studies among older adults have been limited. An 83-year-old female with left-sided chronic LBP participated in a randomized controlled trial consisting of supervised TMT and NMES to the paraspinal muscles two times per week for 12 weeks. She also participated in a home exercise program. At the end of the intervention, she reported reduced LBP and LBP-related disability per the modified Oswestry disability index (i...
April 4, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616887/upper-limb-muscle-activation-during-sports-video-gaming-of-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Jeffrey P Jaramillo, M Elise Johanson, B Jenny Kiratli
OBJECTIVE: Video gaming as a therapeutic tool has largely been studied within the stroke population with some benefits reported in upper limb motor performance, balance, coordination, and cardiovascular status. To date, muscle activation of upper limb muscles in persons with spinal cord injuries (SCI) has not been studied during video game play. In this paper, we provide descriptive and comparative data for muscle activation and strength during gaming for players with tetraplegia and paraplegia, as well as, compare these results with data from traditional arm exercises (ie, biceps curl and shoulder press) with light weights which are commonly prescribed for a home program...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614993/impact-of-resistance-training-on-body-composition-and-metabolic-syndrome-variables-during-androgen-deprivation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jacqueline K Dawson, Tanya B Dorff, E Todd Schroeder, Christianne J Lane, Mitchell E Gross, Christina M Dieli-Conwright
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer patients on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) experience adverse effects such as lean mass loss, known as sarcopenia, fat gain, and changes in cardiometabolic factors that increase risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Resistance training can increase lean mass, reduce body fat, and improve physical function and quality of life, but no exercise interventions in prostate cancer patients on ADT have concomitantly improved body composition and MetS. This pilot trial investigated 12 weeks of resistance training on body composition and MetS changes in prostate cancer patients on ADT...
April 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
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