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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443533/the-effects-of-a-yoga-exercise-and-nutritional-guidance-program-on-pregnancy-outcomes-among-healthy-pregnant-japanese-women-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Masayo Matsuzaki, Momoko Kusaka, Takashi Sugimoto, Mie Shiraishi, Risa Kobayashi, Sachi Watanabe, Megumi Haruna
OBJECTIVES: This report provides an experimental protocol for a study designed to verify the effects of yoga exercise and a nutritional guidance program during pregnancy on several key pregnancy and birth outcomes among Japanese women. DESIGN: This is a study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING/LOCATION: This intervention will be carried out in a university hospital in Tokyo. SUBJECTS: Healthy primiparous women will be recruited at 18-23 gestational weeks in the hospital...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441279/externally-applied-compression-therapy-for-fontan-patients
#2
Joseph Hernandez, Steven G Chopski, Sam Lee, William B Moskowitz, Amy L Throckmorton
Background: Limited therapeutic options are available for Fontan patients with dysfunctional or failing single ventricle physiology. This study describes the evaluation of an alternative, non-invasive, at-home therapeutic compression treatment for Fontan patients. Our hypothesis is that routinely administered, externally applied compression treatments to the lower extremities will augment systemic venous return, improve ventricular preload, and thus enhance cardiac output in Fontan patients...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439942/using-robots-at-home-to-support-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Elizabeth Broadbent, Jeff Garrett, Nicola Jepsen, Vickie Li Ogilvie, Ho Seok Ahn, Hayley Robinson, Kathryn Peri, Ngaire Kerse, Paul Rouse, Avinesh Pillai, Bruce MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Socially assistive robots are being developed for patients to help manage chronic health conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Adherence to medication and availability of rehabilitation are suboptimal in this patient group, which increases the risk of hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a robot delivering telehealth care to increase adherence to medication and home rehabilitation, improve quality of life, and reduce hospital readmission compared with a standard care control group...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433474/real-life-feasibility-of-home-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-chemotherapy-treated-patients-with-thoracic-cancers-a-pilot-study
#4
Cecile Olivier, Jean-Marie Grosbois, Alexis B Cortot, Sophie Peres, Christophe Heron, Julie Delourme, Marianne Gierczynski, Anne Hoorelbeke, Arnaud Scherpereel, Olivier Le Rouzic
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced lung cancer (LC) or malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) exhibit limitation of exercise capacities and alteration of quality of life (QoL) induced by cancer and its treatment. Few studies assessed pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in these chemotherapy-treated patients, and none evaluated a home-based PR program. METHODS: In this prospective uncontrolled observational pilot study, patients treated by chemotherapy for LC or MPM were screened for a home-based PR program combining exercise training with global cares including therapeutic education and psychosocial management...
February 13, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432137/air-travel-for-subjects-receiving-long-term-oxygen-therapy
#5
Christina D Campbell, Matthew W Smyth, Lindsay Brown, Emer Kelly
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory oxygen (O2) is the recommended treatment for hypoxemia at rest or induced by exercise. Commercial aircraft often fly at altitudes of 30,000 feet; their cabins are pressurized to altitudes of 6,000-8,000 feet, with an equivalent FIO2 of 0.15.O2 supplementation, for those receiving baseline ambulatory O2, is paramount. METHODS: We gathered information on subjects' experience traveling with supplementary oxygen and reasons individuals receiving O2 do not travel...
February 6, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428830/the-effect-of-a-randomized-controlled-physical-activity-trial-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-metabolically-unhealthy-african-american-women
#6
Teletia Taylor, Chiranjeev Dash, Kepher Makambi, Xiaoyang Ma, Vanessa Sheppard, Lucile L Adams-Campbell
PURPOSE: African-American women have a higher incidence and mortality from breast cancer compared to most other racial/ethnic groups. African-American women are also more likely to be metabolically unhealthy than White women. Several studies have suggested that metabolic syndrome affects health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Despite numerous exercise studies reporting improvements in metabolic syndrome, no study to date has examined the effect of exercise on HRQoL in metabolically unhealthy African-American women...
February 8, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427893/ghana-s-community-based-primary-health-care-why-women-and-children-are-disadvantaged-by-its-implementation
#7
Roger A Atinga, Irene Akua Agyepong, Reuben K Esena
Policy analysis on why women and children in low- and middle-income settings are still disadvantaged by access to appropriate care despite Primary Health Care (PHC) programmes implementation is limited. Drawing on the street-level bureaucracy theory, we explored how and why frontline providers (FLP) actions on their own and in interaction with health system factors shape Ghana's community-based PHC implementation to the disadvantage of women and children accessing and using health services. This was a qualitative study conducted in 4 communities drawn from rural and urban districts of the Upper West region...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426388/goal-attainment-and-goal-adjustment-of-older-adults-during-person-directed-cancer-rehabilitation
#8
Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Robin M Newman, Peter A Kaufman, Martha L Bruce, Diane M Stearns, Frederick Lansigan, Mary Chamberlin, Stephen J Bartels, Jessica Whipple, Mark T Hegel
OBJECTIVE: In this pilot study of a home-based occupational therapy intervention intended to reduce disability and improve quality of life, our objective was to identify rates of goal attainment and patterns of goal adjustment of participants. METHOD: Thirty older adults with cancer were randomized to the intervention arm, and 24 participants identified goals and completed the six-session intervention. An exploratory content analysis of qualitative and quantitative session data was performed...
March 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420320/high-intensity-handgrip-training-lowers-blood-pressure-and-increases-heart-rate-complexity-among-postmenopausal-women-a-pilot-study
#9
Danielle C Bentley, Cindy H P Nguyen, Scott G Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Handgrip exercise is an emerging strategy for resting blood pressure (BP) reduction requiring minimal time and exercise effort. However, the research literature is currently limited to handgrip protocol designs predominantly prescribing sustained grip contractions, with little assessment of alternative options. Furthermore, our understanding of the utility of handgrip exercise would be strengthened by an evaluation of the physiological mechanisms driving BP reductions and an assessment of the interindividual response variability...
February 7, 2018: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417082/comparison-of-subacromial-ketorolac-injection-versus-corticosteroid-injection-in-the-treatment-of-shoulder-impingement-syndrome
#10
Parisa Taheri, Farnaz Dehghan, Sahar Mousavi, Reza Solouki
Objective: Subacromial impingement syndrome is the most common cause of shoulder pain and restriction in range of motion in the world. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of subacromial injection of ketorolac with the injection of corticosteroid for the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome. Methods: A total of forty patients were randomly allocated into two groups. Group A received 40 mg of methylprednisolone and Group B received 60 mg of ketorolac as a subacromial injection along with lidocaine...
October 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414757/effect-of-physical-exercise-on-musculoskeletal-pain-in-multiple-body-regions-among-healthcare-workers-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: While physical exercise is beneficial for back and neck-shoulder pain, only few intervention studies have evaluated effects on pain in multiple body regions. Furthermore, direct measurement of pain threshold can provide additional information to self-reported pain intensity. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of workplace versus home-based physical exercise on pressure pain threshold (PPT) and musculoskeletal pain intensity in multiple body regions. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of an examiner-blinded, cluster randomized controlled trial with allocation concealment...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413370/addition-of-supervised-exercise-training-to-a-post-hospital-disease-management-program-for-patients-recently-hospitalized%C3%A2-with-acute-heart-failure-the-ejection-hf-randomized-phase-4-trial
#12
Alison M Mudge, Charles P Denaro, Adam C Scott, Deborah Meyers, Julie A Adsett, Robert W Mullins, Jessica M Suna, John J Atherton, Thomas H Marwick, Paul Scuffham, Peter O'Rourke
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to measure the impact on all-cause death or readmission of adding center-based exercise training (ET) to disease management programs for patients with a recent acute heart failure (HF) hospitalization. BACKGROUND: ET is recommended for patients with HF, but evidence is based mainly on ET as a single intervention in stable outpatients. METHODS: A randomized, controlled trial with blinded outcome assessor, enrolling adult participants with HF discharged from 5 hospitals in Queensland, Australia...
February 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411336/central-sleep-apnea-with-cheyne-stokes-breathing-in-heart-failure-from-research-to-clinical-practice-and-beyond
#13
K Terziyski, A Draganova
Characterized by periodic crescendo-decrescendo pattern of breathing alternating with central apneas, Central sleep apnea (CSA) with Cheyne-Stokes Breathing represents a highly prevalent, yet underdiagnosed comorbidity in chronic heart failure (CHF). A diverse body of evidence demonstrates increased morbidity and mortality in the presence of CSB. CSB has been described in both CHF patients with preserved and reduced ejection fraction, regardless of drug treatment. Risk factors for CSB are older age, male gender, high BMI, atrial fibrillation and hypocapnia...
February 7, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409922/the-effectiveness-of-botulinum-toxin-a-for-persistent-upper-limb-pain-after-breast-cancer-treatment-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
An De Groef, Nele Devoogdt, Marijke Van Kampen, Ines Nevelsteen, Ann Smeets, Patrick Neven, Inge Geraerts, Lore Dams, Elien Van der Gucht, Philippe Debeer
ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of a single Botulinum Toxin A infiltration in the pectoralis major muscle in addition to a standard physical therapy program for treatment of persistent upper limb pain in breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial SETTING: University Hospital Leuven, Belgium PARTICIPANTS: Fifty breast cancer patients with pain. INTERVENTION: The intervention group received a single Botulinum Toxin A (BTX-A) infiltration...
January 30, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402113/-state-school-polyclinic-in-petrinja-1925-1945
#15
Boris Vrga, Tatjana Vrga
What has been researched and reconstructed, based on archival documents and data from professional literature, is the activity of the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja, from its foundation in 1925 to its termination in 1945. Key figures taking part in its activity have also been highlighted. Founded as one of the first school-polyclinics in Croatia, the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja developed complete preventive and curative health activities aimed at school population in Petrinja as well as at pupils from the village schools in Petrinja County...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401679/stepping-it-up-walking-behaviors-in-children-transitioning-from-5th-to-7th-grade
#16
Sharon E Taverno Ross, Morgan N Clennin, Marsha Dowda, Natalie Colabianchi, Russell R Pate
The purpose of this study was to (1) describe children's walking behaviors in 5th to 7th grade and change over time and (2) examine associations between walking behaviors and Walk Score®. Participants consisted of n = 586 students from the Transitions and Activity Changes in Kids (TRACK) Study. Children reported any walking behavior (e.g., exercise and transportation) over the past five days. Walk Score was calculated based on children's home address. Descriptive statistics summarized walking behaviors by gender and time, and repeated measure mixed models examined the relationship between walking behaviors and Walk Score...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398000/an-instrumental-approach-for-monitoring-physical-exercises-in-a-visual-markerless-scenario-a-proof-of-concept
#17
Marianna Capecci, Maria Gabriella Ceravolo, Francesco Ferracuti, Martina Grugnetti, Sabrina Iarlori, Sauro Longhi, Luca Romeo, Federica Verdini
This work proposes a real-time monitoring tool aimed to support clinicians for remote assessing exercise performances during home-based rehabilitation. The study relies on clinician indications to define kinematic features, that describe five motor tasks (i.e., the lateral tilt of the trunk, lifting of the arms, trunk rotation, pelvis rotation, squatting) usually adopted in the rehabilitation program for axial disorders. These features are extracted by the Kinect v2 skeleton tracking system and elaborated to return disaggregated scores, representing a measure of subjects performance...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395558/-vascular-rehabilitation-in-lower-extremity-artery-disease-in-2017
#18
Damien Garrigues, Béatrice Ferrari, Nicole Petrissans Ferrando, Thibaut Guiraut
WHAT WE KNEW: The vascular rehabilitation is an effective treatment for patients with an intermittent claudication linked to lower-extremity artery disease. This treatment increases the claudication distance of 180% with the Gardner's protocol (30 to 60 minutes of walking at least 3 times a week, walking until appearance of a mild pain) and allows also to control the vascular risk factors. This treatment is not enough prescribed for many reasons and often requires a hospitalization in a rehabilitation centre...
January 26, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394488/effect-of-7-days-of-exercise-on-exogenous-carbohydrate-oxidation-and-insulin-resistance-in-children-with-obesity
#19
Lisa Chu, Katherine M Morrison, Michael C Riddell, Sandeep Raha, Brian W Timmons
PURPOSE: The capacity to match carbohydrate (CHO) oxidation with CHO availability (deemed metabolic flexibility (MetFlex)) may be important for type 2 diabetes prevention. In adults, impaired MetFlex is associated with insulin resistance (IR), which can be improved with as little as 7 days of exercise. Whether this occurs similarly in children is unknown. We hypothesized 7 consecutive days of exercise would improve MetFlex and IR in children with obesity. METHODS: Twelve children (8 boys, 4 girls) completed 2 study visits before (PRE) and 2 study visits after (POST) exercise training...
February 2, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392881/acceptability-and-validity-of-a-home-exercise-diary-used-in-home-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Aroub Lahham, Christine F McDonald, Ajay Mahal, Annemarie Lee, Catherine J Hill, Angela T Burge, Narelle S Cox, Rosemary Moore, Caroline Nicolson, Paul D O'Halloran, Rebecca Gillies, Anne E Holland
INTRODUCTION: Evaluating adherence to home-based pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) could be challenging due to lack of direct supervision and the complex nature of the rehabilitation model. To measure adherence to home-based PR in the HomeBase trial, participants were encouraged to work towards a goal of at least 30 minutes of whole-body exercise on most days of the week and report their participation using a home exercise diary. OBJECTIVE: This project aimed to evaluate the acceptability and validity of the home exercise diary...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
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