keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

electrical injuries

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445595/ventricular-fibrillation-cardiac-arrest-produces-a-chronic-striatal-hyperdopaminergic-state-that-is-worsened-by-methylphenidate-treatment
#1
Gerald J Nora, Rashed Harun, David F Fine, Daniel Hutchison, Adam C Grobart, Jason P Stezoski, Miranda Munoz, Patrick M Kochanek, Rehana K Leak, Tomas Drabek, Amy K Wagner
Cardiac arrest survival rates have improved with modern resuscitation techniques, but many survivors experience impairments associated with hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. Currently, little is understood about chronic changes in striatal dopamine (DA) systems after hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. Given the common empiric clinical use of DA enhancing agents in neurorehabilitation, investigation evaluating dopaminergic alterations after cardiac arrest (CA) is necessary to optimize rehabilitation approaches. We hypothesized that striatal DA neurotransmission would be altered chronically after ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest (VF-CA)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444817/microtubule-stabilization-promoted-axonal-regeneration-and-functional-recovery-after-spinal-root-avulsion
#2
Heng Li, Wutian Wu
A spinal root avulsion injury disconnects spinal roots with the spinal cord. The rampant motoneuron death, inhibitory CNS/PNS transitional zone (TZ) for axonal regrowth and limited regeneration speed together lead to motor dysfunction. Microtubules rearrange to assemble a new growth cone and disorganized microtubules underline regeneration failure. It's been shown that microtubule-stabilizing drug, Epothilone B, enhanced axonal regeneration and attenuated fibrotic scaring after spinal cord injury. Here, we are reporting that after spinal root avulsion+ re-implantation in adult rats, EpoB treatment improved motor functional recovery and potentiated electrical responses of motor units...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444167/electrical-cardiac-injuries-current-concepts-and-management
#3
Victor Waldmann, Kumar Narayanan, Nicolas Combes, Daniel Jost, Xavier Jouven, Eloi Marijon
Electrical injuries are a commonly encountered hazard in both the home and workplace. However, clinicians are often uncomfortable when faced with the patient who presents with an electric shock due to sparse literature and lack of systematic recommendations on this topic. Electrical injuries can range from minor skin burns to life threatening internal organ damage. A thorough clinical assessment to ascertain the path of current through the body and possible internal injury is essential. The main concern in an apparently stable individual after an electric shock is the potential for delayed occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias which will require monitoring in the intensive care setting...
April 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440606/pathogenesis-and-prevention-of-radiation-induced-myocardial-fibrosis
#4
Li Kun Liu, Weiwei Ouyang, Xing Zhao, Sheng Fa Su, Yan Yang, Wen Jin Ding, Da Xian Luo, Zhi Xu He, Bing Lu
Radiation therapy is one of the most important methods for the treatment of malignant tumors. However, in radiotherapy for thoracic tumors such as breast cancer, lung cancer, esophageal cancer, and mediastinal lymphoma, the heart, located in the mediastinum, is inevitably affected by the irradiation, leading to pericardial disease, myocardial fibrosis, coronary artery disease, valvular lesions, and cardiac conduction system injury, which are considered radiation-induced heart diseases. Delayed cardiac injury especially myocardial fibrosis is more prominent, and its incidence is as high as 20–80%...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437509/thermal-perception-as-a-key-factor-for-assessing-effects-of-trigeminal-nerve-injury
#5
Hye-Kyoung Kim, Ki-Suk Kim, Mee-Eun Kim
AIMS: To conduct a functional examination using multimodal exploration of a sample of patients with iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury to understand the underlying mechanisms of neuropathic pain following trigeminal nerve injury. METHODS: Subjective and objective symptoms and responses to thermal and electrical quantitative sensory testing (QST) were evaluated in 85 patients with unilateral trigeminal nerve injury. Objective symptoms were measured by seven clinical sensory tests...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436406/questionnaire-based-evaluation-of-mobile-phone-interference-with-medical-electrical-equipment-in-swedish-hospitals
#6
Stig Wiinberg, Göran Samuelsson, Stefan Larsson, Barbro Nilsson, Patrik X Jönsson, Bodil Ivarsson, Per-Åke Olofsson
National recommendations in Sweden recommend a safety distance of 3 m between mobile phones and medical-electrical (ME) equipment in hospitals. A questionnaire was used to investigate how often mobile phones were reported to interfere with ME products in clinical practice across Sweden. The results confirmed that ME equipment can be affected by mobile phone use but, the risk of the patient's outcome being affected were minimal; no cases were identified which led to injury or death. In conclusion, the results support recommendations for a general safety distance of 0...
April 14, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435743/effects-of-overground-locomotor-training-on-the-ventilatory-response-to-volitional-treadmill-walking-in-individuals-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-study
#7
Gino S Panza, Andrew A Guccione, Lisa M Chin, Jared M Gollie, Jeffery E Herrick, John P Collins
INTRODUCTION: Although there has been substantial emphasis on the neuromuscular and cardiovascular adaptations following rehabilitation, pulmonary adaptations in individuals with incomplete SCI (iSCI) in response to locomotor training have been less frequently studied. In healthy individuals, effective transition from rest to work is accomplished by a hyperpneic response, which exhibits an exponential curve with three phases. However, the degree to which our current understanding of exercise hyperpnea can be applied to individuals with iSCI is unknown...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435581/bilateral-asymmetrical-fracture-dislocation-of-shoulder-with-rare-combination-of-injuries-after-epileptic-seizure-a-case-report
#8
A Sharma, S Jindal, M S Narula, S Garg, A Sethi
The incidence of bilateral gleno-humeral joint dislocation is rare, is almost always posterior and is usually caused by sports injuries, epileptic seizures, electrical shock, or electroconvulsive therapy. Bilateral fracture-dislocation is even rarer, with a few cases reported in the literature. We report an unusual case with dislocation of the both glenohumeral joints in opposite direction after a seizure episode, with fracture of greater tuberosity on one side and of the lesser tuberosity on the contralateral side...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434449/electrical-superior-vena-cava-isolation-using-a-novel-pace-and-ablate-technique-under-diaphragmatic-electromyography-monitoring
#9
Shinsuke Miyazaki, Shigeki Kusa, Hitoshi Hachiya, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Takayuki Niida, Sadamitsu Ichijo, Kenzo Hirao, Yoshito Iesaka
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic compound motor action potential (CMAP) amplitude monitoring is a standard technique to anticipate phrenic nerve injury during cryoballoon ablation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a novel superior vena cava isolation (SVCI) technique using simultaneous pacing and ablation through the tip of a single mapping/ablation catheter. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with atrial fibrillation were included...
May 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431417/the-occurrence-of-single-and-multiple-organ-dysfunction-in-pediatric-electrical-versus-other-thermal-burns
#10
Gabriel Hundeshagen, Paul Wurzer, Abigail A Forbes, Charles D Voigt, Vanessa N Collins, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Celeste C Finnerty, David N Herndon, Ludwik K Branski
BACKGROUND: Multiple organ failure (MOF) is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in burned children. While various complications induced by electrical injuries have been described, the incidence and severity of single organ failure (SOF) and MOF associated with this type of injury are unknown. The study was undertaken to compare the incidence and severity of SOF and MOF as well as other complications between electrically and thermally burned children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2001 and 2016, 288 pediatric patients with electrical burns (EB; n = 96) or thermal burns (CTR; n = 192) were analyzed in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424540/mc-ppea-as-a-new-and-more-potent-inhibitor-of-clp-induced-sepsis-and-pulmonary-inflammation-than-fk866
#11
Peixin Huang, Mark W Lee, Keivan Sadrerafi, Daniel P Heruth, Li Q Zhang, Dev Maulik, Shui Qing Ye
Our previous study indicated that overexpression of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) aggravated acute lung injury, while knockdown of NAMPT expression attenuated ventilator-induced lung injury. Recently, we found that meta-carborane-butyl-3-(3-pyridinyl)-2E-propenamide (MC-PPEA, MC4), in which the benzoylpiperidine moiety of FK866 has been replaced by a carborane, displayed a 100-fold increase in NAMPT inhibition over FK866. Here, we determined the effects of MC4 and FK866 on cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) surgery-induced sepsis in C57BL/6J mice...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419361/effect-of-electrical-stunning-frequency-and-current-waveform-in-poultry-welfare-and-meat-quality
#12
T S Siqueira, T D Borges, R M M Rocha, P T Figueira, F B Luciano, R E F Macedo
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different stunning frequencies and electrical current waveforms on chicken welfare and meat quality. Two-hundred-thirty-two Cobb broilers, 48 d of age and 2.76 ± 0.47 live-weight, were randomly assigned into 4 stunning treatments - 2 frequencies (300 Hz and 650 Hz) and 2 current waveforms (direct current [DC] and alternating current [AC]). Broilers were electrically stunned in a water bath in a commercial slaughterhouse (70 V, 100 mA). The electronarcosis and stunning efficiency were confirmed by assessment of visual parameters (absence of rhythmic breathing, ocular reflex, and coordinated wing flapping) and blood parameters (lactate, glucose, creatine kinase, sodium, and potassium), which were measured after bleeding...
April 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417251/irreversible-electroporation-for-the-treatment-of-rabbit-vx2-breast-cancer
#13
Wenlong Zhang, Wei Chai, Jianying Zeng, Jibing Chen, Liqi Bi, Lizhi Niu
Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is considered predominantly as a non-thermal ablative technique that uses electrical fields to permeabilize cell membranes and lead to cell death. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of IRE in the rabbit VX2 breast cancer model. Thirty-five female New Zealand white rabbits were inoculated against VX2 breast cancer cells. The rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: a control group of 15 rabbits and an IRE treatment group of 20 rabbits. Treatment and treatment outcome were evaluated by computerized tomography (CT) scan (plain or contrast enhanced), tumor growth curves and pathological examination including H&E, TUNEL, PCNA and CD31 staining...
June 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416395/the-early-history-of-manganese-and-the-recognition-of-its-neurotoxicity-1837-1936
#14
Paul D Blanc
The history of the biomedical recognition manganese-caused neurotoxicity mirrors changing technologies as much as it does the ontology of parkinsonism. The initial 1837 report of manganese-induced neurologic injury was made by John Couper, a university-based physician in Scotland. He made clear that the outbreak occurred among workers at the Charles Tennant bleach manufactory in the environs of Glasgow. The relatively new technology of chlorine generation using manganese accounted for the novel exposure involved...
April 14, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413621/recent-advances-in-pediatric-ventilatory-assistance
#15
REVIEW
Nicolas Nardi, Guillaume Mortamet, Laurence Ducharme-Crevier, Guillaume Emeriaud, Philippe Jouvet
In this review on respiratory assistance, we aim to discuss the following recent advances: the optimization and customization of mechanical ventilation, the use of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, and the role of noninvasive ventilation. The prevention of ventilator-induced lung injury and diaphragmatic dysfunction is now a key aspect in the management of mechanical ventilation, since these complications may lead to higher mortality and prolonged length of stay in intensive care units. Different physiological measurements, such as esophageal pressure, electrical activity of the diaphragm, and volumetric capnography, may be useful objective tools to help guide ventilator assistance...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413321/the-beneficial-effect-of-ginsenosides-extracted-by-pulsed-electric-field-against-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-oxidative-stress-in-hek-293-cells
#16
Di Liu, Ting Zhang, Zhifei Chen, Ying Wang, Shuang Ma, Jiyun Liu, Jingbo Liu
BACKGROUND: Ginsenosides are the main pharmacological components of Panax ginseng root, which are thought to be primarily responsible for the suppressing effect on oxidative stress. METHODS: 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity and oxygen radical absorption capacity were applied to evaluate the antioxidant activities of the ginsenosides. Human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK-293) cells were incubated with ginsenosides extracted by pulsed electric field (PEF) and solvent cold soak extraction (SCSE) for 24 h and then the injury was induced by 40μM H2O2...
April 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412188/patterns-of-brachial-plexus-stretch-palsy-in-a-prospective-series-of-565-surgically-treated-patients
#17
Jayme A Bertelli, Marcos F Ghizoni, Francisco Soldado
PURPOSE: To report the distribution of the different patterns of stretch brachial plexus injuries (BPIs) in a retrospective cohort of patients operated at our institution during an 11-year period. METHODS: From September 2002 to June 2012, we evaluated and operated on 565 patients with traction injuries of the brachial plexus. Average age was 26.8 years (SD ±9.3 years); the interval between the injury and surgery was 5.4 months (SD ±2.8 months). The pattern of injury was defined based on data obtained from a standardized clinical examination, preoperative helical computed tomography myelography after intradural contrast injection, surgical findings, and intraoperative electric stimulation...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406608/functionalized-carbon-nanotube-and-graphene-oxide-embedded-electrically-conductive-hydrogel-synergistically-stimulates-nerve-cell-differentiation
#18
Xifeng Liu, A Lee Miller, Sungjo Park, Brian E Waletzki, Zifei Zhou, Andre Terzic, Lichun Lu
Nerve regeneration after injury is a critical medical issue. In previous work, we have developed an oligo(poly(ethylene glycol) fumarate) (OPF) hydrogel incorporated with positive charges as a promising nerve conduit. In this study, we introduced cross-linkable bonds to graphene oxide and carbon nanotube to obtain the functionalized graphene oxide acrylate (GOa) and carbon nanotube poly(ethylene glycol) acrylate (CNTpega). An electrically conductive hydrogel was then fabricated by covalently embedding GOa and CNTpega within OPF hydrogel through chemical cross-linking followed by in situ reduction of GOa in l-ascorbic acid solution...
April 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405184/optical-imaging-of-the-motor-cortex-following-antidromic-activation-of-the-corticospinal-tract-after-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Kyung H Lee, Un J Kim, Se W Park, Yong G Park, Bae H Lee
Spinal cord injury (SCI) disrupts neuronal networks of ascending and descending tracts at the site of injury, leading to a loss of motor function. Restoration and new circuit formation are important components of the recovery process, which involves collateral sprouting of injured and uninjured fibers. The present study was conducted to determine cortical responses to antidromic stimulation of the corticospinal tracts, to compare changes in the reorganization of neural pathways within normal and spinal cord-injured rats, and to elucidate differences in spatiotemporal activity patterns of the natural progression and reorganization of neural pathways in normal and SCI animals using optical imaging...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404561/electrical-injury
#20
Victor Waldmann, Kumar Narayanan, Nicolas Combes, Eloi Marijon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
64423
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"