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Philip R Cohen
Drug-induced reticulate hyperpigmentation is uncommon. Including the patient described in this report, chemotherapy-associated reticulate hyperpigmentation has only been described in ten individuals. This paper describes the features of a woman with recurrent and metastatic breast cancer who developed paclitaxel-induced reticulate hyperpigmentation and reviews the characteristics of other oncology patients who developed reticulate hyperpigmentation from their antineoplastic treatment. A 55-year-old Taiwanese woman who developed reticulate hyperpigmentation on her abdomen, back and extremities after receiving her initial treatment for metastatic breast cancer with paclitaxel is described...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
E J Ko, J Y Jeon, W Kim, J Y Hong, Y G Yi
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate common causes of upper extremity sensory disturbance in breast cancer patients. Breast cancer patients who received surgery and taxane chemotherapy (CTx) with upper extremity sensory disturbance that began after CTx were included. With comprehensive clinical history, physical examination and electrodiagnostic results, diagnosis for each patient was made. Fifty-two patients were included: 23 (44.2%) were diagnosed with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), 7 (13...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Lauren E Himmel, Maryam B Lustberg, A Courtney DeVries, Ming Poi, Ching-Shih Chen, Samuel K Kulp
Minocycline is purported to have neuroprotective properties in experimental models of some human neurologic diseases, and has therefore been identified as a putative neuroprotectant for chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment (CICI) in breast cancer patients. However, because its mechanism of action is believed to be mediated through anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and anti-oxidant pathways, co-administration of minocycline with chemotherapeutic agents has the potential to reduce the efficacy of anticancer drugs...
October 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
Pooja Khandelwal, Jacob J Bleesing, Stella M Davies, Rebecca A Marsh
Myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimens are commonly used in transplantation for chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) but are associated with toxicity. Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens have lower toxicity but may fail to achieve stable donor chimerism. We report a comparison between 4 patients who received a RIC regimen consisting of alemtuzumab (1 mg/kg), fludarabine (150 mg/m(2)), and melphalan (140 mg/m(2)) and 14 patients who received a MAC regimen consisting of busulfan (area under the curve, 1800 to 2000 µMol/min twice daily × 4 days), cyclophosphamide (50 mg/kg/day × 4), and antithymocyte globulin (15 mg/kg twice daily on days -2 and -1, then daily on days +1 and +2)...
November 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Xiaojun Liu, Yingjun Jiang, Billie Nowak, Sarah Hargis, William Plunkett
CNDAC (2'-C-cyano-2'-deoxy-1-β-d-arabino-pentofuranosyl-cytosine, DFP10917) and its orally bioavailable prodrug, sapacitabine, are undergoing clinical trials for hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. The unique action mechanism of inducing DNA strand breaks distinguishes CNDAC from other deoxycytidine analogs. To optimize the clinical potentials of CNDAC, we explored multiple strategies combining CNDAC with chemotherapeutic agents targeting distinct DNA damage repair pathways that are currently in clinical use...
October 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Zhen-Yuan Zhu, Meng Meng, Huiqing Sun, Yang Li, Yuan-Yuan Ren, Yongmin Zhang
The present study was designed to evaluate immune-modulating effects of the glycopeptide from Paecilomyces sinensis (CPS-II) by using mouse peritoneal macrophage and cytoxan (CTX) induced immunosuppression models. Our results from phagocytotic and mononuclear phagocytic system function assays showed that CPS-II stimulated phagocytosis of the phagocytes. A splenocyte proliferation assay showed that CPS-II acted to combine Concanavalin A (ConA) or lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in splenocyte proliferation. The results demonstrated that CPS-II increased the indices of the thymus and spleen...
August 10, 2016: Food & Function
Hui Xu, Siwei Zou, Xiaojuan Xu, Lina Zhang
β-Glucans are well known for its various bioactivities, but the underlying mechanism has not been fully understood. This study focuses on the anti-tumor effect and the potential mechanism of a branched β-(1, 3)-glucan (LNT) extracted from Lentinus edodes. The in vivo data indicated that LNT showed a profound inhibition ratio of ~75% against S-180 tumor growth, even significantly higher than the positive control of Cytoxan (~54%). Interestingly, LNT sharply promoted immune cells accumulation into tumors accompanied by cell apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation during tumor development...
2016: Scientific Reports
Shengyan Xi, Ying Peng, Gerald Y Minuk, Mengmeng Shi, Biqian Fu, Jiaqi Yang, Qian Li, Yuewen Gong, Lifeng Yue, Lili Li, Jinhua Guo, Yang Peng, Yanhui Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu Powder (SLBZP) is a classic traditional Chinese medical formula that has been used for several decades in the treatment of patients with gastrointestinal malignancies. Whether SLBZP is best employed as single agent or adjunctive therapy has yet to be determined as does the mechanism whereby SLBZP exerts its anti-tumor effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of SLBZP alone and in combination with Cytoxan (CTX) on tumor growth, malignant cell apoptosis and Akt/Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-КB) signaling in a murine model of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) receiving chemotherapy...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Lindsay N Ramey, Edrick Lopez, Timothy Young
A 43-yr-old man presented with headaches, forgetfulness, and personality changes. Based on imaging, there was concern for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. He improved with steroids and immunoglobulin. When symptoms recurred, magnetic resonance imaging showed new scattered gray and white matter lesions, many within the corpus callosum. Angiogram showed multiple branch retinal artery occlusions, pathognomonic for Susac syndrome. He was treated with steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, and cytoxan and was sent to acute rehabilitation...
April 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Xiao-Lei Ma, Meng Meng, Li-Rong Han, Zheng Li, Xiao-Hong Cao, Chun-Ling Wang
The present study was designed to evaluate the immune-modulating effects of the polysaccharide from Grifola frondosa (GFP) by using mouse peritoneal macrophage and cytoxan (CTX) induced immunosuppression models. Our results from the phagocytotic and mononuclear phagocytic system function assays showed that GFP-A (one component from GFP) stimulated the phagocytosis of the phagocytes. The splenocyte proliferation assay showed that GFP-A acted the effect combing ConA or LPS in splenocyte proliferation. The results showed that GFP-A increased indices of thymus and spleen, the levels of LDH and ACP in the spleen, the mRNA levels of IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6 and IFN-γ in splenocyte...
December 2015: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Huibi Cao, Jing Wu, Cathleen Duan, Kai Du, Chan Mi Lee, Herman Yeger, Jim Hu
Sustained expression of the CFTR gene is a major challenge to gene therapy with either viral or nonviral vectors with immune response to vector and transgene products. One strategy to achieve sustained CFTR expression is to modulate the host immune system through transient immunosuppression. In this study, we examined cyclophosphamide (cytoxan), dexamethasone (Dex), and a combination of cyclosporin, methylprednisolone, and azathioprine (combination) for their effects on long-term expression of the human CFTR delivered with helper-dependent adenoviral vectors in mouse airways...
January 2016: Human Gene Therapy
Zin W Myint, Sandeep Raparla, Lois K Kamugisha
BACKGROUND: Metaplastic carcinoma of the breast is an extremely rare subtype of breast cancer with an incidence of <1% of all breast neoplasms. Metaplastic carcinoma with chondroid differentiation is the rarest among all histologic subtypes of breast cancer. We report a case of infiltrating ductal carcinoma with metaplastic features of chondroid differentiation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old-woman presented to our clinic with a 4-month history of a lump in her right breast...
2015: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Xianglin L Du, Yefei Zhang, Rohan C Parikh, David R Lairson, Yi Cai
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of chemotherapy in prolonging survival according to age in breast and colon cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with a matched cohort analysis based on the conditional probability of receiving chemotherapy. SETTING: The 16 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) areas from the SEER-Medicare linked database. PARTICIPANTS: Women diagnosed with Stage I to IIIa hormone receptor-negative breast cancer (n = 14,440) and 26,893 men and women with Stage III colon cancer (n = 26,893) aged 65 and older in 1992 to 2009...
August 2015: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Tong-jun Chen, Wei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Morinda officinalis (MO) extract on cytoxan (CTX) -impaired spermatogenesis of adult male SD rats. METHODS: We randomly divided 56 adult male SD rats into seven groups of equal number: blank control, CTX model, CTX + NS, CTX + 10 g/kg MO, CTX + 20 g/kg MO, CTX + 30 g/kg MO, and CTX + 40 g/kg MO. We made the models of impaired spermatogenesis in the SD rats by intraperitoneal injection of CTX and treated the animal models by intragastric administration of MO at the concentrations of 10, 20, 30, and 40 g per kg per d, respectively...
May 2015: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Alfred Asante-Korang, Ernest K Amankwah, Mayra Lopez-Cepero, Jeremy Ringewald, Jennifer Carapellucci, Diane Krasnopero, Alex Berg, James Quintessenza, Jeffrey P Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that children with pre-formed anti-HLA antibodies (PRA) undergoing orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) have increased risk for rejection, coronary artery vasculopathy (CAV) and death. In 2005, our program started utilizing aggressive desensitization (including plasmapheresis, IVIg, pulse cytoxan and rituximab) with the goal of improving outcomes for these patients. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes with this new strategy in recipients with pre-OHT high PRA (>10%) vs low PRA ≤10%)...
February 2015: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Shengyan Xi, Rongjian Hong, Jingru Huang, Dawei Lu, Linchao Qian, Pengcheng Li, Lei Wen, Yanhui Wang
BACKGROUND: Ciji Hua'ai Baosheng Granule Formula (CHBGF) is a traditional Chinese empirical formula that can help the tumor patients who have received chemotherapy antagonize the toxin and side-effects so as to improve and prolong the life. This study is to evaluate the effects of CHBGF on improving life quality in terms of survival time, pathology of tumor tissue and ameliorating peripheral blood cells in mouse chemotherapy model with subcutaneous transplanted tumor or ascitic tumor of H22 hepatoma carcinoma cells at an overall level...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
Cheryl M Soref, William E Fahl
In a new strategy, we sought to determine whether topically applied vasoconstrictor, with its accompanying transient skin hypoxia and exclusion of systemic drug, would prevent or suppress radiotherapy or chemotherapy-induced alopecia. Topical vasoconstrictor was applied to 1-cm(2) skin patches on the backs of 10-day-old rats and minutes later they received either 7.1 gray (Gy) whole-body radiation or systemic N-nitroso-N-methylurea (MNU) or Cytoxan. The degree of alopecia was scored 10 days later by visual assessment (% coat retention) and hair follicle histologic analysis...
January 1, 2015: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
S Maheshwari, A Kassim, R F Yeh, J Domm, C Calder, M Evans, B Manes, K Bruce, V Brown, R Ho, H Frangoul, E Yang
Busulfan (BU) has a narrow therapeutic window and the average concentration of BU at steady state (Css) is critical for successful engraftment in children receiving BU as part of the preparative regimen for allogeneic transplants. Sixteen patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) from HLA-identical siblings. The preparative regimen consisted of intravenous BU 0.8-1 mg/kg/dose for 16 doses, cytoxan (CY) of 50 mg/kg daily for four doses and equine anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) 30 mg/kg daily for three doses...
March 2014: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Jonathan Ticku, Shilpa Oberoi, Sarah Friend, John Busowski, Mary Langenstroer, Said Baidas
The management of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during pregnancy requires treatment with high-dose chemotherapy that can pose risks to both the mother and fetus. Special consideration to chemotherapy regimen and its doses and to fetal gestational age at the time of chemotherapy administration should be taken in order to limit fetal exposure while still providing optimal therapy to the mother. Here we describe a 22-year-old patient who was diagnosed at 26 weeks gestation with ALL and was treated in the third trimester with HyperCVAD (cytoxan, vincristine, adriamycin, dexamethasone) combination chemotherapy giving birth via Caesarean section to a healthy baby girl 4 weeks after induction chemotherapy...
October 2013: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
Kari Joanne Kansal, Laura Stewart Dominici, Sara M Tolaney, Steven J Isakoff, Barbara L Smith, Wei Jiang, Jane E Brock, Eric P Winer, Ian E Krop, Mehra Golshan
Neoadjuvant therapy (NAC) is commonly used in operable breast cancer. Previous studies have suggested a high rate of postoperative complications after NAC. We prospectively evaluated the surgical complications in a cohort of patients who underwent mastectomy following neoadjuvant adriamycin/cytoxan/taxol (AC/T) plus bevacizumab (bev) and compared the rate of complications to a matched cohort of neoadjuvant AC/T without bev. One hundred patients with HER2-negative breast cancer enrolled in a single-arm trial of neoadjuvant AC/T plus bev (cohort 1), 60 of these patients underwent mastectomy and were matched with 59 patients who received standard neoadjuvant AC/T (cohort 2) over a similar time period in the same healthcare system...
September 2013: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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