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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815307/clinical-outcomes-after-local-anesthesia-with-monitored-anesthesia-care-during-thyroidectomy-and-selective-neck-dissection-a-randomized-study
#1
Min-Su Kim, Bo-Hae Kim, Young Eun Han, Dong Woo Nam, J Hun Hah
Although thyroidectomy under local anesthesia with monitored anesthesia care (LA-MAC) has been reported, reports of neck dissections beyond level VI under LA-MAC in patients with thyroid cancer are rare. We aimed to analyze clinical data and patient satisfaction levels during thyroidectomy and selective neck dissection by comparing LA-MAC and general anesthesia (GA) in adult patients undergoing these surgeries for thyroid cancer. The 60 enrolled patients comprised 50 patients that underwent thyroidectomy and 10 that underwent selective neck dissection; 30 underwent thyroidectomy (n = 25) or selective neck dissection (n = 5) under LA-MAC and 30 (matched patients) underwent thyroidectomy (n = 25) or selective neck dissection (n = 5) under GA...
August 16, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806216/psoas-versus-femoral-blocks-a-registry-analysis-of-risks-and-benefits
#2
Hagen Bomberg, Andrea Huth, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Paul Kessler, Hinnerk Wulf, Thomas Standl, André Gottschalk, Jens Döffert, Werner Hering, Jürgen Birnbaum, Claudia Spies, Bernd Kutter, Jörg Winckelmann, Gerald Burgard, Oliver Vicent, Thea Koch, Daniel I Sessler, Thomas Volk, Alexander Raddatz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psoas blocks are an alternative to femoral nerve blocks and have the potential advantage of blocking the entire lumbar plexus. However, the psoas muscle is located deeply, making psoas blocks more difficult than femoral blocks. In contrast, while femoral blocks are generally easy to perform, the inguinal region is prone to infection. We thus tested the hypothesis that psoas blocks are associated with more insertion-related complications than femoral blocks but have fewer catheter-related infections...
August 11, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801746/laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication-plus-mid-gastric-plication-for-treatment-of-obese-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#3
Ahmed Talha, Mohammed Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is commonly associated with obesity, and its surgical management is debatable. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to prove the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic Nissen's fundoplication (LNF) combined with mid-gastric plication (MGP) for treatment of obese patients with GERD. METHODS: LNF combined with MGP was done for 18 patients. All interventions were performed under general anesthesia...
August 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798915/migration-and-workforce-planning-in-medicine-with-special-focus-on-anesthesiology
#4
Jannicke Mellin-Olsen
Counting health personnel and defining migration is more complicated than one should think at first glance. Migrating health workers are not a homogenous group, and many factors cause people to migrate-not only low wages but also lack of professional development possibilities, poor job satisfaction, outdated equipment, unsafe environment, and more. The opposite factors encourage people to stay. Many countries, including high-income countries benefit from remittances from migrating individuals. The World Health Organization has installed a code of Practice on the international recruitment of health workers...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797894/neuraxial-magnesium-sulfate-improves-postoperative-analgesia-in-cesarean-section-delivery-women-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Shih-Ching Wang, Po-Ting Pan, Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Chun-Jen Huang
BACKGROUND: We conducted this meta-analysis to elucidate whether additional neuraxial magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) can improve postoperative analgesia in women undergoing Cesarean section (CS) delivery. METHOD: We searched Pubmed, Embase and ClinicalTrial.gov. We included only randomized controlled trials that have compared the quality of postoperative analgesia with and without additional neuraxial MgSO4 in women undergoing CS delivery with neuraxial anesthesia regimens...
July 29, 2017: Asian J Anesthesiol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776638/a-novel-combination-of-peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-arthroscopic-shoulder-surgery
#6
D Musso, S Flohr-Madsen, K Meknas, T Wilsgaard, L M Ytrebø, Ø Klaastad
BACKGROUND: Interscalene brachial plexus block is currently the gold standard for intra- and post-operative pain management for patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery. However, it is associated with block related complications, of which effect on the phrenic nerve have been of most interest. Side effects caused by general anesthesia, when this is required, are also a concern. We hypothesized that the combination of superficial cervical plexus block, suprascapular nerve block, and infraclavicular brachial plexus block would provide a good alternative to interscalene block and general anesthesia...
August 4, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763356/randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-clinical-efficacy-of-multiport-versus-uniport-wire-reinforced-flexible-catheters-for-labor-epidural-analgesia
#7
John Philip, Shiv K Sharma, Timothy J Sparks, Joan S Reisch
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, controlled trial was to determine whether multiple ports improve the analgesic efficacy of wire-reinforced flexible catheters used for labor epidural analgesia (LEA). METHODS: Six hundred fifty laboring patients were randomized to receive epidural analgesia using either a multiport or uniport wire-reinforced flexible catheter. The primary outcome was analgesic success, defined as the incidence of adequate analgesia following the initial bolus given to initiate LEA...
July 28, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759502/quadratus-lumborum-block-versus-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-children-undergoing-low-abdominal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Gözen Öksüz, Bora Bilal, Yavuz Gürkan, Aykut Urfalioğlu, Mahmut Arslan, Gökçe Gişi, Hafize Öksüz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Truncal blocks have a place within multimodal analgesia techniques in abdominal surgery. The quadratus lumborum block is a new abdominal truncal block used for somatic analgesia of both the upper and lower abdomen. In this prospective, double-blind, randomized study, we aimed to compare quadratus lumborum block and transversus abdominis plane block in pediatric patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery. METHODS: Fifty-three children undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair or orchiopexy surgery were randomized into 2 groups: transversus abdominis plane block and quadratus lumborum block...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757921/the-impact-of-magnesium-sulfate-as-adjuvant-to-intrathecal-bupivacaine-on-intra-operative-surgeon-satisfaction-and-postoperative-analgesia-during-laparoscopic-gynecological-surgery-randomized-clinical-study
#9
Khaled Salah Mohamed, Sayed Kaoud Abd-Elshafy, Ali Mahmoud El Saman
BACKGROUND: Surgeon satisfaction and patient analgesia during the procedure of laparoscopic surgery are important issues. The aim of this work was to study if an intrathecal (IT) Bupivacaine combined with Magnesium sulfate may or may not provide good surgeon satisfaction in addition to improvement of intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. METHODS: Sixty female patients were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled clinical trial study...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755151/ivf-oocyte-retrieval-prospective-evaluation-of-the-type-of-anesthesia-on-live-birth-rate-pain-and-patient-satisfaction
#10
Lucie Rolland, Jeanne Perrin, Virginie Villes, Valérie Pellegrin, Léon Boubli, Blandine Courbiere
PURPOSE: Does the type of anesthesia (paracervical block (PCB) or general anesthesia (GA)) impact live birth rate, pain, and patient satisfaction? METHODS: A non-randomized prospective cohort study was conducted in women treated for IVF. Two groups of patients were prospectively included: the PCB group (n = 234) and the GA group (n = 247). The type of anesthesia was determined by the patients. The primary endpoint was cumulative live birth rate by OR. Secondary endpoints were self-assessment of the patients' peri-operative abdominal and vaginal pain vs the doctors' evaluations during PCB, post-operative abdominal and vaginal pain level, and patient satisfaction in both groups...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749789/surgical-approach-to-piles-at-risk-of-severe-postoperative-pain-tricks-and-tips
#11
Domenico Tuscano, Linda D'Amore, Fabio Gaj, Paolo Bruzzone, Elena Annesi, Daniele Ceccarelli, Paolox Paolo Negro, Maria Romana Grimaldi, Francesco Gossetti
AIM: Aim of the present study is to propose a clinic-therapeutic course for the treatment of hemorrhoidal disease able to combine radical anatomic surgery with a painless postoperative path. MATERIAL OF STUDY: The present study is based on the evaluation of 20 selected patients who underwent radical hemorrhoidectomy for very high grade hemorrhoidal disease. The clinical course was characterized by careful bowel cleansing, hemorrhoidectomy according to Milligan-Morgan using LigaSure, intraoperative perianal infiltration of Ropivacaine and postoperative use of analgesic drugs...
July 24, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740418/comparison-of-patient-controlled-intravenous-analgesia-with-sufentanil-versus-tramadol-in-post-cesarean-section-pain-management-and-lactation-after-general-anesthesia-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-controlled-study
#12
Xiaohui Chi, Man Li, Wei Mei, Mingfeng Liao
INTRODUCTION: Acute pain is a common complication following cesarean section under general anesthesia. Post-cesarean section pain management is important for both the mother and the newborn. This study compared the effects of patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) using sufentanil or tramadol on postoperative pain control and initiation time of lactation in patients who underwent cesarean section under general anesthesia. METHODS: Primiparas (n=146) scheduled for cesarean section under general anesthesia were randomized to receive PCIA with sufentanil or tramadol...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727704/evaluating-the-adjuvant-effect-of-dexamethasone-to-ropivacaine-in-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-inguinal-hernia-repair-and-spermatocelectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Robert Wegner, Duane Akwar, Sarah Guzman-Reyes, Greesha Pednekar, Rabail Chaudhry, Navneet Grewal, Naveen Kukreja, Omar L Mancillas, George W Williams, Omonele Nwokolo
BACKGROUND: The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a relatively straightforward regional technique used for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing abdominal surgeries. Various adjuvants have been used in past to prolong the duration of action of analgesia in peripheral nerve blocks. Several studies investigating the analgesic efficacy of dexamethasone added to local anesthetic agents, such as bupivacaine, have shown promising results. However, there are few studies comparing the efficacy of dexamethasone with ropivacaine...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712105/evaluation-of-a-low-cost-3d-printed-model-for-bronchoscopy-training
#14
Matteo Parotto, Joshua Qua Jiansen, Ahmed AboTaiban, Svetlana Ioukhova, Alisher Agzamov, Richard Cooper, Gerald O'Leary, Massimiliano Meineri
BACKGROUND: Flexible bronchoscopy is a fundamental procedure in anaesthesia and critical care medicine. Although learning this procedure is a complex task, the use of simulation-based training provides significant advantages, such as enhanced patient safety. Access to bronchoscopy simulators may be limited in low-resource settings. We have developed a low-cost 3D-printed bronchoscopy training model. METHODS: A parametric airway model was obtained from an online medical model repository and fabricated using a low-cost 3D printer...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707024/experience-of-immediate-ambulation-and-early-discharge-after-tumescent-anesthesia-and-propofol-infusion-in-cosmetic-breast-augmentation
#15
Weiwu Pang, John M Chois, Diana Lambie, Richard Ming-Hui Lin, Zao-Ming Shih
INTRODUCTION: Current cosmetic breast augmentation relies on general anesthesia that normally requires 40 min to total recovery. With experience, the surgical procedure can be completed expediently in 20 min under tumescent anesthesia and propofol full sedation to achieve immediate postoperative ambulation and home discharge readiness, and thus improve patient satisfaction and reduce cost. We retrospectively examined the outcomes of the protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Per protocol, 1200 female patients underwent simple cosmetic breast augmentation accomplished with tumescent anesthesia, immediate mobilization, and early home discharge readiness after surgery...
July 13, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702841/comparison-of-ketamine-and-ketofol-for-deep-sedation-and-analgesia-in-children-undergoing-laser-procedure
#16
Marija Stevic, Nina Ristic, Ivana Budic, Nebojsa Ladjevic, Branislav Trifunovic, Ivan Rakic, Marko Majstorovic, Ivana Burazor, Dusica Simic
The aim of our study was to research and evaluate cardiovascular and respiratory stability, clinical efficacy, and safety of two different anesthetic agents in pediatric patients who underwent Pulse dye (wavelength 595 nm, pulse duration 0-40 ms, power 0-40 J) and CO2 (wavelength 10,600 nm, intensity-fraxel mod with SX index 4 to 8, power 0-30 W) laser procedure. This prospective non-blinded study included 203 pediatric patients ASA I-II, aged between 1 month and 12 years who underwent short-term procedural sedation and analgesia for the laser procedure...
July 12, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702390/percutaneous-golfer-s-elbow-release-under-local-anesthesia-a-prospective-study
#17
Ramji Lal Sahu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results of percutaneous golfer's elbow release under local anesthesia. METHODS: From December 2010 to December 2013, 34 elbows in 34 patients (10 males and 24 females) that presented golfer's elbow for over one year were recruited from the outpatient department. All patients were operated under local anesthesia and were followed-up for 12 months. The functional outcome was evaluated through the Mayo Elbow Performance Index (MEPI). RESULTS: Pain relief was achieved on average eight weeks after surgery...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701156/the-current-level-of-shared-decision-making-in-anesthesiology-an-exploratory-study
#18
F E Stubenrouch, E M K Mus, J W Lut, E M Hesselink, D T Ubbink
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) seeks to involve both patients and clinicians in decision-making about possible health management strategies, using patients' preferences and best available evidence. SDM seems readily applicable in anesthesiology. We aimed to determine the current level of SDM among preoperative patients and anesthesiology clinicians. METHODS: We invited 115 consecutive preoperative patients, visiting the pre-assessment outpatient clinic of the department of Anesthesiology at the Academic Medical Center of Amsterdam...
July 12, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697780/local-infiltration-of-analgesia-and-sciatic-nerve-block-provide-similar-pain-relief-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Hidenori Tanikawa, Kengo Harato, Ryo Ogawa, Tomoyuki Sato, Shu Kobayashi, So Nomoto, Yasuo Niki, Kazunari Okuma
BACKGROUND: Although femoral nerve block provides satisfactory analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), residual posterior knee pain may decrease patient satisfaction. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to clarify the efficacy of the sciatic nerve block (SNB) and local infiltration of analgesia with steroid (LIA) regarding postoperative analgesia after TKA, when administrated in addition to femoral nerve block (FNB). METHODS: Seventy-eight patients were randomly allocated to the two groups: concomitant administration of FNB and SNB or FNB and LIA...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694167/minimally-invasive-surgery-survey-miss-a-survey-of-surgical-team-members-perceptions-for-successful-minimally-invasive-surgery-mis
#20
Ladin A Yurteri-Kaplan, Leslie Andriani, Anagha Kumar, Pamela A Saunders, Mihriye M Mete, Andrew I Sokol
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To develop a valid and reliable survey to measure surgical team members' perceptions regarding their institution's requirements for successful minimally invasive surgery (MIS). DESIGN: Utilizing the Safety Attitudes questionnaire as a guide, we developed questions assessing study participants' attitudes regarding the requirements for successful MIS. The questions were closed-ended and responses based on a 5-point Likert scale. The large pool of questions was then given to four focus groups made up of 3-6 individuals...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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