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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324042/interleukin-1-antagonism-decreases-cortisol-levels-in-obese-individuals
#1
Sandrine Andrea Urwyler, Philipp Schuetz, Fahim Ebrahimi, Marc Y Donath, Mirjam Christ-Crain
Context: Increased cortisol levels in obesity may contribute to the associated metabolic syndrome. In obesity, the activated innate immune system leads to increased interleukin (IL)-1β, which is known to stimulate the release of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH). Objective: We hypothesised that in obesity IL-1 antagonism would result in downregulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, leading to decreased cortisol levels. Design and participants: In this prospective intervention study we included 73 patients with obesity (BMI >30kg/m2) and at least one additional feature of the metabolic syndrome...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319607/reduced-bone-mineral-density-in-children-with-screening-detected-celiac-disease
#2
Sara Björck, Charlotte Brundin, Magnus Karlsson, Daniel Agardh
OBJECTIVES: To assess if bone mass and metabolism are impaired in genetically at risk children with screening-detected celiac disease. METHODS: Included were 71 children with screening-detected celiac disease diagnosed at 10.0 ± 0.7 (mean ± SD) years and 142 matched controls as well as 30 children with screening-detected celiac disease diagnosed at 3.3 ± 0.4 years of age presently on a gluten-free diet for 6.9 ± 1.1 years and 60 matched controls...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318118/distinct-expression-of-nk2-homeobox-1-nkx2-1-and-goblet-cell-hyperplasia-in-nasal-polyps-with-different-endotypes
#3
Jintao Du, Luo Ba, Bo Li, Feng Liu, Xianting Hu, Jie Zhang, Yafeng Liu, Junming Xian, Sixi Liu, Huabin Li
BACKGROUND: Decreased expression of airway epithelial-specific transcription factor NK2 homeobox 1 (NKX2-1) was associated with allergic inflammation in asthma patients. However, the expression and role of NKX2-1 in nasal polyps (NPs) with different endotypes were undefined yet. METHODS: We examined the expression of key cytokines (interleukin [IL]-4 IL-5, IL-13, and IL-17A, etc.) and NKX2-1 in NPs with different endotypes and control tissues by immunohistochemistry staining, qualitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blot analysis...
March 20, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317351/-effects-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-on-interleukin-33-expression-in-rabbit-vascular-endothelium-tissues
#4
Li Weishan, Li Dechao, Qiu Rongrong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate interleukin-33 (IL-33) in the arterial vascular endothelium of rabbits infected with Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), and to explore the relationship between P. gingivalis and atherosclerosis. METHODS: A total of 24 rabbits were randomly divided into control and experimental groups. The experimental group received intravenous injection of P. gingivalis once a week for 12 weeks to establish a coronary atherosclerosis model. The rabbits in the control group were injected with equal volume of physiological saline...
August 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316217/-comparison-of-the-effect-of-lymph-node-dissection-performed-by-ivor-lewis-or-left-sided-thoracic-esophagogastrectomy-for-siewert-type-%C3%A2-adenocarcinoma-of-the-esophagogastric-junction
#5
X F Duan, L Gong, M Q Ma, J Yue, P Tang, X B Shang, H J Jiang, Z T Yu
Objective: To compare the extent of lymphadenectomy and postoperative complications between Ivor-Lewis procedure and left sided thoracotomy in patients with Siewert type Ⅱ adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). Methods: The clinical data of 101 patients with Siewert type Ⅱ EG who received surgical treatment between January 2014 and September 2015 in the Department of Esophageal Cancer, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. These patients were divided into Ivor-Lewis group (IL, n=38) and left- sided thoracotomy group (LT, n=63) according to the operation mode...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316180/-effect-and-related-mechanism-of-microrna-181-attenuates-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-induced-vascular-endothelial-cell-injury
#6
N N Wang, X Sun, X L Zhang, L Lou, K M Chen, H Li, L Tang, W G Wang, M Zhang
Objective: To observe the expression level of microRNA-181 (miR-181) and importin-α3 in oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induced vascular endothelial cell injury models, and explore the effect and mechanism of miR-181 on endothelial cell injury. Methods: Human vein endothelial cell line CRL-1730 were cultured and vascular endothelial cell injury model was established by intervention with ox-LDL. The cells were divided into control group (intervened by double distilled water), low-dose group (intervened by 10 μg/ml ox-LDL) and high-dose group (intervened by 20 μg/ml ox-LDL)...
March 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316160/-effect-of-low-dose-erythromycin-on-the-proliferation-of-granulation-tissue-after-tracheal-injury
#7
L H Li, M P Xu, L M Gan, Y Li, Y L Liang, W T Li, E Y Qin, J H Gan, G N Liu
Objective: To investigate the effect of low dose erythromycin on the proliferation of granulation tissue after tracheal injury. Methods: Forty-two rabbits were randomly divided into 7 groups (n=6 each), group A (saline control group), group B (penicillin group), group C (low dose erythromycin group), group D (low dose erythromycin and penicillin group), group E (budesonide group), group F (low dose erythromycin and budesonide group), group G (low dose erythromycin, penicillin and budesonide group). All rabbits received tracheotomy, and the tracheal mucosa was scraped with a nylon brush 20 times for tracheal stenosis model...
March 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314864/systematic-model-of-peripheral-inflammation-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#8
Jude P J Savarraj, Kaushik Parsha, Georgene W Hergenroeder, Liang Zhu, Suhas S Bajgur, Sungho Ahn, Kiwon Lee, Tiffany Chang, Dong H Kim, Yin Liu, H Alex Choi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate inflammatory processes after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) with network models. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of serum samples from 45 participants with aSAH analyzed at multiple predetermined time points: <24 hours, 24 to 48 hours, 3 to 5 days, and 6 to 8 days after aSAH. Concentrations of cytokines were measured with a 41-plex human immunoassay kit, and the Pearson correlation coefficients between all possible cytokine pairs were computed...
March 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306401/caregiver-s-depressive-symptoms-and-asthma-control-in-children-from-an-underserved-community
#9
Andrea Rioseco, Carolina Serrano, Juan C Celedón, Oslando Padilla, Klaus Puschel, Jose A Castro-Rodriguez
Caregiver's or maternal depression has been associated with increased asthma morbidity in children from prosperous nations, but little is known about this link in low and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To examine if caregiver's depressive symptoms are associated with poor asthma control and abnormal immune responses in school-aged children. METHODS: Case-control study of 87 asthmatic children (aged 4-11 years) attending a primary care clinic in an underserved area of Santiago (Chile)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303134/bronchial-epithelial-cells-from-asthmatic-patients-display-less-functional-hla-g-isoform-expression
#10
Federico Carlini, Christophe Picard, Céline Garulli, David Piquemal, Pierre Roubertoux, Jacques Chiaroni, Pascal Chanez, Delphine Gras, Julie Di Cristofaro
Not all asthmatic patients adequately respond to current available treatments, such as inhaled corticosteroids or omalizumab(®). New treatments will aim to target the bronchial epithelium-immune response interaction using different pathways. HLA-G is involved in immunomodulation and may promote epithelial cell differentiation and proliferation. HLA-G protein has several isoforms generated by alternative splicing that might have differential functionalities. HLA-G protein expression and genetic polymorphisms have been reported to be associated with asthma...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301691/interleukin-32-is-highly-expressed-in-lesions-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#11
R Thomi, D Yerly, N Yawalkar, D Simon, C Schlapbach, R E Hunger
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Its immunopathogenic mechanisms are still poorly understood. Previous studies could demonstrate that the pro-inflammatory cytokine Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is implicated in the pathogenesis of other inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the tissue expression and systemic levels of IL-32 as well as its cellular sources in HS patients in comparison to healthy donors and to patients suffering from two other inflammatory skin diseases: psoriasis (PS) and atopic dermatitis (AD)...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300873/the-renoprotective-effect-of-oral-tadalafil-pretreatment-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#12
Vanessa de Fátima Lima Paiva Medeiros, Ítalo Medeiros Azevedo, Marília Daniela Ferreira Carvalho, Cláudia Nunes Oliveira, Eryvaldo Sócrates Tabosa do Egito, Aldo Cunha Medeiros
To evaluate the effect of tadalafil in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats Methods: Group I/R saline rats (n=6) were subjected to 45 minutes of left renal ischemia and treated with saline; the I/R tadalafil rats (n=6) received oral 10mg/kg tadalafil microemulsion one hour before ischemia. In both groups, 8 hours after ischemia, laboratory analysis were performed Results: Better tissue perfusion was lower in ischemic left/kidney than in right/kidney in saline group, suggesting reduced kidney clearance...
February 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300714/biomarkers-and-immunotherapeutic-targets-in-glioblastoma
#13
REVIEW
Alice L Hung, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Michael Lim
Glioblastoma (GBM) is an aggressive central nervous system (CNS) cancer with poor prognosis despite maximal therapy. The recent advent of immunotherapy holds great promise for improving GBM survival and has already made great strides towards changing current management strategies. A diverse set of biomarkers has been implicated as immunotherapeutic targets and prognostic indicators in other cancers. Some of the more extensively studied examples include cytokines (IL-4, IL-13, and TGF-ß), checkpoint molecules (PD-1, CTLA-4, TIM-3, LAG-3, CD137, GITR, OX40), and growth/angiogenesis proteins (endoglin and EGFR)...
March 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297836/efficacy-and-safety-of-daclatasvir-plus-asunaprevir-for-korean-patients-with-hcv-genotype-ib-infection-a-retrospective-multi-institutional-study
#14
Byeong Wook Cho, Seok Bae Kim, Il Han Song, Sae Hwan Lee, Hong Soo Kim, Tae Hee Lee, Young Woo Kang, Seok Hyun Kim, Byung Seok Lee, Hee Bok Chae
Background/Aims: The combination of daclatasvir (DCV) and asunaprevir (ASV) has demonstrated a high sustained virologic response at 12 weeks (SVR12) and a low rate of adverse events in previous clinical studies. The purpose of this study was to clarify the results of treatment and side effects in Korean patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype Ib infection. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from chronic HCV genotype Ib patients treated with DCV+ASV from August 2015 to September 2016 at five hospitals in the Daejeon-Chungcheong area...
March 16, 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297833/-effect-of-allogenic-mesenchymal-stem-cells-transplantation-on-the-expression-of-interleukin-22-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-3-in-rats-with-collagen-induced-arthritis
#15
G Y Liu, S Bian, F Li, X F Li, K Fan, H Z An, X X Jia
Objective: To study the effect of allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation on the expression of interleukin -22 (IL-22), matrix metalloproteinase -3 (MMP-3) in serum and synovial of rats with collagen induced arthritis. Methods: Type Ⅱ collagen were injected twice to establish the collagen induced arthritis (CIA) rat model. Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group, CIA control group, CIA experiment group. Rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were cultured by bone marrow method combined with adherent culture method...
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297581/systemic-delivery-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-in-situ-intervertebral-disc-regeneration
#16
Carla Cunha, Catarina R Almeida, Maria Inês Almeida, Andreia M Silva, Maria Molinos, Sofia Lamas, Catarina L Pereira, Graciosa Q Teixeira, António T Monteiro, Susana G Santos, Raquel M Gonçalves, Mário A Barbosa
Cell therapies for intervertebral disc (IVD) regeneration presently rely on transplantation of IVD cells or stem cells directly to the lesion site. Still, the harsh IVD environment, with low irrigation and high mechanical stress, challenges cell administration and survival. In this study, we addressed systemic transplantation of allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) intravenously into a rat IVD lesion model, exploring tissue regeneration via cell signaling to the lesion site. MSC transplantation was performed 24 hours after injury, in parallel with dermal fibroblasts as a control; 2 weeks after transplantation, animals were killed...
March 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296724/meta-analysis-of-the-role-of-il-6-rs1800795-polymorphism-in-the-susceptibility-to-prostate-cancer-evidence-based-on-17-studies
#17
Tong-Zu Liu, Zhong-Qiang Guo, Ting Wang, Yue Cao, Di Huang, Xing-Huan Wang
Playing critical roles in immune responses, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been proposed to be involved in the development of multiple cancers, including prostate cancer. The rs1800795 polymorphism in the promoter of the gene IL-6 can affect the transcription and expression of the gene, becoming a common target in association studies on tumors. We therefore carried out this meta-analysis to further discuss the relationship of this polymorphism with the risk of prostate cancer.Relevant publications were retrieved from the electronic databases...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296664/histomorphology-and-immunophenotype-of-eczematous-skin-lesions-revisited-skin-biopsies-are-not-reliable-in-differentiating-allergic-contact-dermatitis-irritant-contact-dermatitis-and-atopic-dermatitis
#18
Verena G Frings, Almut Böer-Auer, Kristine Breuer
Lesions of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), irritant contact dermatitis (ICD), and atopic dermatitis (AD) share similar clinical features and thus, their diagnosis can be challenging. The aim of this study was to reassess histopathology and immunophenotyping properties to distinguish between ACD, ICD, and AD. Charts of patients with eczema, who had undergone complete routine diagnostic workup (skin biopsies, patch tests, skin prick tests, and respectively or serum IgE levels), were reviewed. Thirty-five skin biopsy specimens of 28 patients (mean age 64 ± 15 years; ♀ = 13 ♂ = 15) with clear diagnosis of ACD (n = 15), ICD (n = 6), or AD (n = 14) were analyzed...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296027/transitional-b-cells-predominantly-reconstituted-after-a-desensitization-therapy-using-rituximab-before-kidney-transplantation
#19
Masako Ikemiyagi, Toshihito Hirai, Rumi Ishii, Satoshi Miyairi, Masayoshi Okumi, Kazunari Tanabe
The role of B cells in graft rejection and tolerance has aroused great interest. We previously reported that rituximab (RIT) induction prior to kidney transplantation (KTx) reduced the incidence rate of chronic rejection. Here, we performed a cross sectional investigation to determine the characteristics of B cells after RIT induction for KTx. We sampled blood from 29 patients with (N = 16) and without (N = 13) RIT induction 3 to 18 months after KTx. In the RIT group, the majority of repopulating B cells was the transitional type, while memory B cells were scarce...
March 13, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294465/lactococcus-lactis-kr-050l-inhibit-il-6-stat3-activation
#20
Joo Tae Hwang, Hyun-Jae Jang, Jin Han Kim, Chan Sun Park, Yesol Kim, Chi-Hwan Lim, Seung Woong Lee, Mun-Chual Rho
AIMS: The purpose of this study is to investigate IL-6/STAT3 inhibitory activity using lactic acid bacteria (LABs) isolated from Gajuknamu kimchi. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six lactic acid bacteria (LABs) were isolated from Gajuknamu kimchi and identified through 16S rRNA sequencing. Among them, the culture broth of Lactococcus lactis KR-050L inhibited IL-6-induced STAT3 luciferase activity. Fifteen compounds were isolated from the EtOAc extract of culture broth though column chromatography and preparative HPLC, and they were identified as 2,5-diketopipperazine structures by spectroscopic analyses (MS, (1) H- and (13) C-NMR)...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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