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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149780/interleukin-37-relieves-allergic-inflammation-in-a-house-dust-mite-allergic-rhinitis-murine-model
#1
Do Hyun Kim, Si Won Kim, Soo Whan Kim, Jun-Myung Kang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of interleukin-37 (IL-37) on a Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f)-induced murine model of allergic rhinitis (AR). BALB/c mice, except the control groups, were sensitized intraperitoneally and challenged intranasally with Der f (Der f group). The IL-37 and IL-37+anti-CD25 groups were administered IL-37 intranasally. The IL-37+anti-CD25 groups were administered anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody intraperitoneally before challenge. Allergic symptoms and the average eosinophil number were counted...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147087/hydrolysate-preparation-with-high-content-of-5-hydroxytryptophan-from-liquid-egg-protein-and-its-sleep-potentiating-activity
#2
Jung Il Kwon, Yooheon Park, Sung Hee Han, Hyung Joo Suh
Alcalase hydrolysis of liquid egg white was used to produce 5-hydroxytryptophan (HTP) under various conditions and investigate the sleep-potentiating activity of liquid egg white hydrolysate (LEH) on pentobarbital-induced sleep. Alcalase hydrolysis yielded the highest content of 5-HTP (13.50 μg/mL), while neutrase hydrolysis showed the lowest 5-HTP content (5.23 μg/mL). The liquid egg white to water ratio (1:1) was optimal for the production of 5-HTP with high amino-nitrogen (A-N) content and degree of hydrolysis...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145201/dietary-fructo-oligosaccharides-attenuate-early-activation-of-cd4-t-cells-which-produce-both-th1-and-th2-cytokines-in-the-intestinal-lymphoid-tissues-of-a-murine-food-allergy-model
#3
Masato Tsuda, Haruka Arakawa, Narumi Ishii, Chihiro Ubukata, Mana Michimori, Masanari Noda, Kyoko Takahashi, Shuichi Kaminogawa, Akira Hosono
BACKGROUND: Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are prebiotic agents with immunomodulatory effects involving improvement of the intestinal microbiota and metabolome. In this study, we investigated the cellular mechanisms through which FOS modulate intestinal antigen-specific CD4+ T cell responses in food allergy, using OVA23-3 mice. METHODS: OVA23-3 mice were fed an experimental diet containing either ovalbumin (OVA) or OVA and FOS for 1 week. Body weight and mucosal mast cell protease 1 in the serum were measured as the indicator of intestinal inflammation...
November 17, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143798/skullcap-scutellaria-baicalensis-hexane-fraction-inhibits-the-permeation-of-ovalbumin-and-regulates-th1-2-immune-responses
#4
Sun Young Jung, So-Young Lee, Dae Woon Choi, Hye-Jeong See, Da-Ae Kwon, Jeong-Ryong Do, Dong-Hwa Shon, Hee Soon Shin
Skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis) is well known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects. In our previous study, we found that skullcap could inhibit allergen permeation and regulate Th1/2 immune balance. To reveal the key fractions and components of skullcap, we fractionated skullcap extract into five fractions: hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water fraction. Among these fractions, the hexane fraction significantly suppressed the production of Th2-mediated cytokines (Interleukin (IL)-4, 5, 10 and 13) and increased Th1-mediated cytokines (Interferon (IFN)-γ and IL-12)...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143022/high-co2-absorption-capacity-by-chemisorption-at-cations-and-anions-in-choline-based-ionic-liquids
#5
Shubhankar Bhattacharyya, Andrei Filippov, Faiz Ullah Shah
The effect of CO2 absorption on the aromaticity and hydrogen bonding in ionic liquids is investigated. Five different ionic liquids with choline based cations and aprotic N-heterocyclic anions were synthesized. Purity and structures of the synthesized ionic liquids were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. CO2 capture performance was studied at 20 °C and 40 °C under three different pressures (1, 3, 6 bar). The IL [N1,1,6,2OH][4-Triz] showed the highest CO2 capture capacity (28.6 wt%, 1.57 mol of CO2 per mol of the IL, 6...
November 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142623/simple-coiling-versus-stent-assisted-coiling-of-paraclinoid-aneurysms-radiological-outcome-in-a-single-center-study
#6
Soo Yeon Kim, Dong Sun Park, Hye Yin Park, Young Il Chun, Chang Taek Moon, Hong Gee Roh
Objective: Paraclinoid aneurysms are a group of aneurysms arising at the distal internal carotid artery. Due to a high incidence of small, wide-necked aneurysms in this zone, it is often challenging to achieve complete occlusion when solely using detachable coils, thus stent placement is often required. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of stent placement in endovascular treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms. Methods: Data of 98 paraclinoid aneurysms treated by endovascular approach in our center from August 2005 to June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142418/marantodes-pumilum-blume-kuntze-inhibited-secretion-of-lipopolysaccharide-and-monosodium-urate-crystal-stimulated-cytokines-and-plasma-prostaglandin-e2
#7
Eldiza Puji Rahmi, Jamia Azdina Jamal, Endang Kumolosasi, Juriyati Jalil, Nor-Ashila Aladdin
Background: Marantodes pumilum is traditionally used for dysentery, gonorrhea, and sickness in the bones. Previous studies revealed its antibacterial and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities. Objective: To evaluate the inhibitory effects of three M. pumilum varieties on the secretion of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and monosodium urate crystal (MSU)-induced cytokines and plasma prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in vitro. Materials and Methods: The leaves and roots of M...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141858/interleukin-1-blockade-in-recently-decompensated-systolic-heart-failure-results-from-redhart-recently-decompensated-heart-failure-anakinra-response-trial
#8
Benjamin W Van Tassell, Justin Canada, Salvatore Carbone, Cory Trankle, Leo Buckley, Claudia Oddi Erdle, Nayef A Abouzaki, Dave Dixon, Dinesh Kadariya, Sanah Christopher, Aaron Schatz, Jessica Regan, Michele Viscusi, Marco Del Buono, Ryan Melchior, Pranav Mankad, Juan Lu, Robin Sculthorpe, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Edward Lesnefsky, Ross Arena, Antonio Abbate
BACKGROUND: An enhanced inflammatory response predicts worse outcomes in heart failure (HF). We hypothesized that administration of IL-1 (interleukin-1) receptor antagonist (anakinra) could inhibit the inflammatory response and improve peak aerobic exercise capacity in patients with recently decompensated systolic HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomly assigned 60 patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (<50%) and elevated C-reactive protein levels (>2 mg/L), within 14 days of hospital discharge, to daily subcutaneous injections with anakinra 100 mg for 2 weeks, 12 weeks, or placebo...
November 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141376/-clinical-significance-of-acute-gastrointestinal-injury-grades-in-inflammatory-response-of-critically-ill-patients
#9
J Wang, Y L Gao, W W Yu, Y H Xia, Y Z Sun
Objective: To explore the value of acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) grades in inflammatory response of critically ill patients. Methods: Ptients with AGI severity from Ⅰ to Ⅳ were randomly selected(20 for each)from July 2014 to June 2015 in ICU of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital. The expression of NF-κB were detected by immunofluorescence. The expression of TNF-α and IL-6 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Procalcitonin (PCT) and C reactive protein (CRP) were measured. Statistical analysis was carried out...
November 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141313/-tocilizumab-for-refractory-systemic-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
J M Lai, F Q Wu, Z X Zhou, M Kang, X L Huang, G X Su, S N Li, J Zhu, X N Wang
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and side effects of tocilizumab for the treatment of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Method: In this prospective self case-control study, the children diagnosed with refractory systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis admitted to Department of Rheumatism and Immunology of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from December 2013 to June 2016 were enrolled and information before and after treatment of tocilizumab was analyzed. The tocilizumab was introvenously guttae in a dose of 8-12 mg/kg every 2 weeks...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141125/elevated-proinflammatory-markers-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-are-associated-with-psychosis-and-cognitive-deficits
#11
Ehud Mekori-Domachevsky, Michal Taler, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Michael Gurevich, Polina Sonis, Omri Weisman, Abraham Weizman, Doron Gothelf
OBJECTIVE: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a neurogenetic disorder whose phenotype includes high rates of a schizophrenia-like psychotic disorder and immune system abnormalities. Thus, 22q11.2DS is an ideal model for studying the relationship between psychosis and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to identify inflammatory markers that may play a role in the pathophysiologic pathways associated with psychosis and cognitive deficits in 22q11.2DS. METHODS: Forty-nine individuals with 22q11...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140729/gene-expression-and-gene-associations-during-the-development-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-in-the-dahl-salt-sensitive-model-of-hypertension
#12
Jeffrey Yim, Hyokeun Cho, Simon W Rabkin
Gene expression and associations were examined in a model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a condition with minimal effective treatment. Genes with at least two studies showing significant changes in Dahl rat with heart failure were examined by meta-analysis. Significantly increased in expression were iNOS, p47phox, ADM, ANP, OPN, ACE, MCP-1, GP91PHOX, ICAM-1, TGF-β1, CTGF, ET-1, p22phox, ETB, BNP, ETA, MMP13, Col1a1, MMP2, TIMP1, Col3a1, Il-1β, β-MHC, ECE1, MMP14, AGT, and MMP9...
November 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140226/childhood-inflammatory-markers-and-intelligence-as-predictors-of-subsequent-persistent-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#13
G M Khandaker, J Stochl, S Zammit, I Goodyer, G Lewis, P B Jones
BACKGROUND: To identify developmental sub-groups of depressive symptoms during the second decade of life, a critical period of brain development, using data from a prospective birth cohort. To test whether childhood intelligence and inflammatory markers are associated with subsequent persistent depressive symptoms. METHODS: IQ, a proxy for neurodevelopment, was measured at age 8 years. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein, typical inflammatory markers, were measured at age 9 years...
November 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137886/diesel-exhaust-inhalation-exposure-induces-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-mice
#14
Jing Liu, Xiaoqing Ye, Dapeng Ji, Xiaofei Zhou, Cong Qiu, Weiping Liu, Luyang Yu
Diesel exhaust (DE) is one of the main sources of urban air pollution. An increasing number of evidence showed the association of air pollution with cardiovascular diseases. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is one of the most disastrous vascular diseases, which results in right ventricular failure and death. However, the relationship of DE inhalation exposure with PAH is still unknown. In this study, male adult mice were exposed by inhalation to filtered ambient air (negative control), 10% O2 hypoxia (PAH-phenotype positive control), 350 μg/m(3) particulate matter whole DE, or the combination of DE and hypoxic condition...
November 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137877/immune-analysis-of-radium-223-in-patients-with-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#15
Joseph W Kim, Min Sun Shin, Youna Kang, Insoo Kang, Daniel P Petrylak
BACKGROUND: Radium223 (Ra223) delivers high-energy radiation to osteoblastic metastasis of prostate cancer, resulting in irreparable double-stranded DNA damage. The effects of Ra223 on CD8+ T cell subsets in patients with prostate cancer is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen men with metastatic prostate cancer with clinical indication for Ra223 without any autoimmune or immune deficiency conditions were enrolled. Patients received a course of Ra223 50 kBq/kg...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137628/hypertonic-saline-for-prevention-of-delirium-in-geriatric-patients-who-underwent-hip-surgery
#16
Xi Xin, Fei Xin, Xuguang Chen, Qi Zhang, Yanan Li, Shuping Huo, Chongfu Chang, Qiujun Wang
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common disorder in the elderly patients, and neuroinflammation is the possible underlying mechanism. This study is designed to determine whether or not hypertonic saline (HS) pre-injection can alleviate POD in aged patients. METHODS: This prospective study recruited 120 geriatric patients who underwent hip surgery. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: control group (NS group) and HS group. Patients in the NS group were pre-injected with 4 mL/kg isotonic saline, and those in the HS group were pre-injected with 4 mL/kg 7...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133633/altered-tear-inflammatory-profile-in-indian-keratoconus-patients-the-2015-col-rangachari-award-paper
#17
Rohit Shetty, Rashmi Deshmukh, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Swaminathan Sethu, Chaitra Jayadev
PURPOSE: Conventionally, keratoconus (KC) has been considered a noninflammatory corneal ectatic disorder. Recent evidence suggests a possible role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of KC. Hence, we analyzed the levels of inflammatory factors in the tear fluid of Indian KC patients. METHODS: Tear fluid samples were collected from age- and sex-matched healthy controls and KC patients (with different grades). The levels of the inflammatory factors in tears were analyzed using cytometric bead array (Human Soluble Protein Flex Set System, BD Biosciences) for levels of interleukin-1α (IL-1α), IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-23p40, IL-13, IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-21, interferon-α (IFNα), IFNγ, tumor necrosis factor-α, CCL2/monocyte chemotactic protein-1, CCL4/macrophage inflammatory protein-1β (MIP-1β), MIP-1α, CCL5/RANTES, CXCL10/IP10, ICAM1, CD62E, vascular endothelial growth factor and transforming growth factor β...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133093/purification-molecular-properties-structural-characterization-and-immunomodulatory-activities-of-water-soluble-polysaccharides-from-sargassum-angustifolium
#18
Niloofar Jokar Borazjani, Mehdi Tabarsa, SangGuan You, Masoud Rezaei
Sulfated polysaccharides isolated from Sargassum angustifolium and purified to determine their structural characteristics and biological activities. Crude polysaccharides and fractions (F1 and F2) were chiefly composed of neutral sugars (49.4-68.5%) and sulfates (12.5-23.0%) along with small amounts of uronic acids (1.3-13.6%) and proteins (4.1-4.7%). Polysaccharides were mainly constructed of different levels of fucose (23.9-69.9%) and galactose (22.5-29.8%) sugars. Subfractions with molecular weights ranging from 157...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132321/the-role-of-the-specialized-team-in-the-operation-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-a-single-center-experience
#19
Harin Rhee, Gum Sook Jang, Miyeun Han, In Seong Park, Il Young Kim, Sang Heon Song, Eun Young Seong, Dong Won Lee, Soo Bong Lee, Ihm Soo Kwak
BACKGROUND: The requirement of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is increasing with the growing incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI). The decision to initiate CRRT is not difficult if an adequate medical history is obtained. However, the handling and maintenance of CRRT constitute a labor-intensive intervention that requires specialized skills. For these reasons, our center organized a specialized CRRT team in March 2013. The aim of this study is to report on the role of a specialized CRRT team and to evaluate the team's outcome...
November 13, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131717/in-vitro-effects-of-high-intensity-laser-photobiomodulation-on-equine-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-viability-and-cytokine-expression
#20
Frances J Peat, Aimee C Colbath, Lori M Bentsen, Laurie R Goodrich, Melissa R King
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the influence of neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser irradiation on equine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) viability, proliferation, and cytokine expression in vitro. BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation of cells using monochromatic light is a technique designed to influence cellular processes. Previous studies have shown dose-dependent effects of low-level laser irradiation on cell proliferation and cytokine expression in a range of cell types and species...
November 13, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
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