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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458227/-award-of-the-salomon-neumann-medal-2017-speech-of-the-laureate-prof-bernt-peter-robra-5-september-2017-st-peter%C3%A2-s-church-l%C3%A3-beck
#1
Bernt-Peter Robra
The Salomon-Neumann-Medal 2017 of the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP) was awarded to Bernt-Peter Robra, Institute for Social Medicine and Health Economics (ISMG) of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg. The person and scientific merits of Manfred Pflanz are valued and topics of the masterplan2020-process are highlighted, that offer chances for developments in medicine and public health.
February 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457929/growth-of-the-james-cook-university-medical-program-maintaining-quality-continuing-the-vision-developing-postgraduate-pathways
#2
Tarun Sen Gupta, Peter Johnson, Roy Rasalam, Richard Hays
BACKGROUND: James Cook University (JCU) enrolled its first cohort of 64 in 2000 into a 6-year undergraduate medical program aimed at producing graduates capable of meeting the needs of North Queensland, Australia, with a focus on rural, remote, Indigenous and tropical health. The school's 1465 graduates over 13 cohorts who have a pattern of practice likely to meet the region's health needs. The JCU course was the first new Australian medical program for 25 years. The number of Australian medical schools has since doubled, while enrollments have almost tripled...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457923/flipping-social-determinants-on-its-head-medical-student-perspectives-on-the-flipped-classroom-and-simulated-patients-to-teach-social-determinants-of-health
#3
N Gostelow, J Barber, F Gishen, A Berlin
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in healthcare are increasing. Engaging medical students to tackle this urgent challenge alongside clinical sciences can be demanding. This study examines medical student perceptions of a flipped approach to health inequalities co-designed by faculty and sixth-year students. INNOVATION: A flipped learning session was piloted for year 4 medical students combining an online lesson followed by a tutorial with a simulated patient. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach collected questionnaire data using 4-point Likert scales and free text answers...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457743/a-framework-for-complexity-in-palliative-care-a-qualitative-study-with-patients-family-carers-and-professionals
#4
Sophie Pask, Cathryn Pinto, Katherine Bristowe, Liesbeth van Vliet, Caroline Nicholson, Catherine J Evans, Rob George, Katharine Bailey, Joanna M Davies, Ping Guo, Barbara A Daveson, Irene J Higginson, Fliss Em Murtagh
BACKGROUND: Palliative care patients are often described as complex but evidence on complexity is limited. We need to understand complexity, including at individual patient-level, to define specialist palliative care, characterise palliative care populations and meaningfully compare interventions/outcomes. AIM: To explore palliative care stakeholders' views on what makes a patient more or less complex and insights on capturing complexity at patient-level. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative interviews, analysed using Framework analysis...
February 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457637/rhesus-macaque-personality-dominance-behavior-and-health
#5
Lauren M Robinson, Kristine Coleman, John P Capitanio, Daniel H Gottlieb, Ian G Handel, Mark J Adams, Matthew C Leach, Natalie K Waran, Alexander Weiss
Previous studies of nonhuman primates have found relationships between health and individual differences in personality, behavior, and social status. However, despite knowing these factors are intercorrelated, many studies focus only on a single measure, for example, rank. Consequently, it is difficult to determine the degree to which these individual differences are independently associated with health. The present study sought to untangle the associations between health and these individual differences in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)...
February 19, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457624/-coordinated-heart-failure-care-in-poland-towards-optimal-organisation-of-the-health-care-system
#6
Jadwiga Nessler, Adam Kozierkiewicz, Andrzej Gackowski, Piotr Ponikowski, Ewa Straburzynska-Migaj, Izabella Uchmanowicz, Piotr Hoffman, Krzysztof Chlebus, Grzegorz Gielerak, Mariusz Gąsior, Tomasz Grodzicki, Jakub Gierczyński, Piotr Jankowski, Jarosław Kaźmierczak, Jacek Legutko, Przemysław Leszek, Maciej Miłkowski, Grzegorz Opolski, Piotr Rozentryt, Adam Windak, Adam Witkowski, Mirosław J Wysocki, Andrzej Zapaśnik, Tomasz Zdrojewski
Heart failure has becoming an increasing medical, economic, and social problem globally. The prevalence of this syndrome is rising, and despite unequivocal positive effects of modern therapy, reduction of mortality has been achieved at the cost of more frequent hospitalisations. Unlike in many European countries, in Poland heart failure is usually recognised later, at a more advanced stage of the disease, leaving less time for ambulatory treatment and resulting in a high number of hospitalisations. The current paper presents the most important data regarding morbidity and mortality due to heart failure in Poland...
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457602/examination-of-previously-published-data-to-identify-patterns-in-the-social-representation-of-loud-music-in-young-adults-across-countries
#7
Vinaya Manchaiah, Fei Zhao, Susan Oladeji, Pierre Ratinaud
Purpose: The current study was aimed at understanding the patterns in the social representation of loud music reported by young adults in different countries. Materials and Methods: The study included a sample of 534 young adults (18-25 years) from India, Iran, Portugal, United Kingdom, and United States. Participants were recruited using a convince sampling, and data were collected using the free association task. Participants were asked to provide up to five words or phrases that come to mind when thinking about "loud music...
January 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457243/raising-the-stakes-for-nondiscrimination-protections-in-the-aca
#8
Kristen Underhill
In the struggle over the durability of the Affordable Care Act, defenders of the ACA stand guard at many fronts. A major contribution of the ACA to nondiscrimination law, however, appears increasingly vulnerable. The ACA established significant new nondiscrimination protections for patients under section 1557 and its implementing regulations. Several of these regulations-including protections on the basis of gender identity and pregnancy termination-are now under reconsideration at the Department of Health and Human Services, after a nationwide injunction lasting almost a year...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457138/leveraging-the-learning-health-care-model-to-improve-equity-in-the-age-of-genomic-medicine
#9
Katherine D Blizinsky, Vence L Bonham
To fully achieve the goals of a genomics-enabled learning health care system, purposeful efforts to understand and reduce health disparities and improve equity of care are essential. This paper highlights three major challenges facing genomics-enabled learning health care systems, as they pertain to ancestrally diverse populations: inequality in the utility of genomic medicine; lack of access to pharmacogenomics in clinical care; and inadequate incorporation of social and environmental data into the electronic health care record (EHR)...
January 2018: Learning Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456939/outcomes-of-bone-anchored-hearing-aid-implant-at-universiti-kebangsaan-malaysia-medical-centre-ukmmc
#10
Suhana Abdul Rahim, Bee-See Goh, Safinaz Zainor, Roslenda Abdul Rahman, Asma Abdullah
The cross sectional study was conducted in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center (UKMMC), Malaysia from August 2012 to December 2013. All patients implanted with in UKMMC from December 2001 until December 2012 was included. Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) questionnaires and UKMMC questionnaires were used as part of the assessment tool. The GBI is a scoring which measures the change in health status produced by surgical interventions. UKMMC questionnaires was invented by our department to assess questions related to social and life style of patients and also the cosmetic perspective Baha implant and other daily related activities...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456924/unaccompanied-children-migrating-from-central-america-public-health-implications-for-violence-prevention-and-intervention
#11
Lianne Fuino Estefan, Katie A Ports, Tracy Hipp
Purpose of Review: Unaccompanied children (UC) migrating to the USA from the Central American countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras are an underserved population at high risk for health, academic, and social problems. These children experience trauma, violence, and other risk factors that are shared among several types of interpersonal violence. Recent Findings: The trauma and violence experienced by many unaccompanied children, and the subsequent implications for their healthy development into adulthood, indicate the critical need for a public health approach to prevention and intervention...
April 2017: Current Trauma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456823/health-hazards-related-to-soba-sewage-treatment-plant-sudan
#12
Rasha Osman Abdelwahab Abdelmoneim, Ranien Mohamed El Mortada Mahi Eldin Mahdi, Rawia Moawia Elamin Elahmer, Rogaya Adel Derar Elansary, Safaa Elsafi Widaa Mohamed, Said Hashim Ahmed Abdelgader, Sakina Salah Abbasher Ahmed, Sally Mohamed Alfatih Abdalrhman
The aim of this study was to determine the health hazards acquired by the residents nearby Soba sewage treatment plant. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in Soba locality, Khartoum, Sudan. An interviewer-administrated questionnaire was assigned to 462 residents of the area living in four geographically distributed squares around the sewage plant. The data was analyzed in SPSS; Cronbach's alpha reliability scale of measurement was used to check the internal validity of six variables related to the quality of life...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456780/attitudes-of-jordanian-adolescent-students-toward-overweight-and-obesity
#13
Nesrin N Abu Baker, Nahla Al-Ali, Ranyah Al-Ajlouni
Background: Obesity is a serious public health problem especially among adolescents. Understanding adolescents' attitudes toward obesity and healthy lifestyle is a crucial step to develop effective health programs to treat and prevent obesity. Objectives: To examine the attitudes toward overweight and obesity among Jordanian adolescent students and to identify the components of obesity prevention program that the students perceive as important. Methods: A sample of 1000 students in 8th to 10th grades was randomly selected from 16 schools in Irbid, Jordan...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456591/gender-money-and-professional-identity-medical-social-work-and-the-coming-of-the-british-national-health-service
#14
George Campbell Gosling
The arrival of the British National Health Service (NHS) in 1948 heralded significant changes for all health workers, but the establishment of a 'free' health service was especially meaningful for the hospital almoners-or medical social workers, as they were starting to be known-who had previously been responsible for the assessment and collection of patient payments. It was on this basis they had gained a foothold in the hospital, capitalising on gendered assumptions of financial understanding and behaviour...
2018: Women's History Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456422/understanding-the-meaning-of-food-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-northern-appalachia
#15
Elizabeth A Beverly, Marilyn D Ritholz, Linda A Wray, Ching-Ju Chiu, Emmy Suhl
Purpose: Food and eating convey memories and feelings and serve important functions in creating and maintaining relationships. Given the increasing rate of diabetes in the United States, research understanding the meaning of food may shed light on how patients negotiate everyday food choices while managing type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the meaning of food among adults with type 2 diabetes living in Northern Appalachia. Methods: In-depth, face-to-face interviews were conducted with type 2 diabetes patients...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456379/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-asthmatic-patients-the-need-for-structured-pharmaceutical-care-delivery-system-in-pakistan
#16
Madeeha Malik, Adeela Khan, Azhar Hussain, Ayisha Hashmi
Asthma is considered as one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. As a result of serious physical, social, and psychological complications, asthma can reduce health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The present study was designed to assess the HRQoL including physical health, general health perception, emotional health, psychological health, and social functioning of asthmatic patients in Pakistan. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. Setting was public and private healthcare facilities...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456378/utilization-and-impact-of-electronic-and-print-media-on-the-patients-health-status-physicians-perspectives
#17
Sadia Shakeel, Shagufta Nesar, Najia Rahim, Wajiha Iffat, Hafiza Fouzia Ahmed, Mehwish Rizvi, Shazia Jamshed
Aims: Despite an increased popularity of print and electronic media applications, there is a paucity of data reflecting doctors' opinions regarding efficient utilization of these resources for the betterment of public health. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the perception of physicians toward the effect of electronic and print media on the health status of patients. Setting and Design: The current research is a cross-sectional study conducted from January 2015 to July 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456375/assessment-of-queries-received-by-the-drug-information-center-at-king-saud-medical-city
#18
Dlal Abdulrahman Almazrou, Sheraz Ali, Jasser Ali Alzhrani
Background: The complexity of drug therapies has increased the need to evaluate the drug information scientifically. In this regard, the aim of drug information centers (DICs) is to promote rational use of drugs in a health-care setting. DI pharmacists play a vital role in providing the necessary and reliable information on drugs to promote the concept of rational drug use, eventually leading to a better patient outcome. The objective of the present study was to assess the drug-related queries received by the DIC at the King Saud Medical City (KSMC) from health-care professionals working in a large tertiary care setting...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456373/quality-of-life-among-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-in-penang-malaysia
#19
Diana Laila Ramatillah, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Amer Hayat Khan, Ong Loke Meng
Background: Quality of life is one of the parameters to check the improvement of hemodialysis treatment among hemodialysed patients. Those patients will be dealing with this treatment in long term if this treatment is the only way for them to replace their kidney function and this thing will affect their quality of life. Objective: To evaluate the quality of life patients on hemodialysis using kidney disease quality of life-short term 24 (KDQoL-SF24) Malaysian Version...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456286/examining-thematic-similarity-difference-and-membership-in-three-online-mental-health-communities-from-reddit-a-text-mining-and-visualization-approach
#20
Albert Park, Mike Conway, Annie T Chen
Objectives: Social media, including online health communities, have become popular platforms for individuals to discuss health challenges and exchange social support with others. These platforms can provide support for individuals who are concerned about social stigma and discrimination associated with their illness. Although mental health conditions can share similar symptoms and even co-occur, the extent to which discussion topics in online mental health communities are similar, different, or overlapping is unknown...
January 2018: Computers in Human Behavior
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