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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054099/examining-factors-associated-with-elevated-lie-scale-responding-on-the-child-abuse-potential-inventory
#1
Amanda H Costello, Natalie J Shook, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Child maltreatment remains a serious public health issue in the United States. Therefore, it is important to engage in quality control of the assessment, prevention, and treatment services for families affected by maltreatment. Parenting capacity assessments (PCAs) are typically an integral part of service delivery for families affected by maltreatment and can carry serious consequences for the referred parent. The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a measure that is widely used in PCAs; however, socially desirable responding on the CAPI can serve to invalidate the important information derived from this assessment, as well as lead to negative impressions of the parent...
October 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054031/mental-health-of-heroin-users-with-differing-injection-drug-use-histories-a-non-treatment-sample-of-mexican-american-young-adult-men
#2
Kathryn M Nowotny, Tasha Perdue, Alice Cepeda, Avelardo Valdez
BACKGROUND: While the comorbidity of mental health and injecting heroin has been documented, current research is limited by describing the mental health of people who inject drugs without a comparison group and by the lack of research on nontreatment samples in the United States, particularly among Hispanics. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of injecting history (never, former, occasional, and daily) and multiple outcomes of global and mental health using a sample of U...
October 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053975/depression-among-female-heads-of-household-in-rural-mozambique-a-cross-sectional-population-based-survey
#3
Carolyn M Audet, Milton L Wainberg, Maria A Oquendo, Qiongru Yu, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Cristiane S Duarte, Samuel Martinho, Ann F Green, Lazaro González-Calvo, Troy D Moon
BACKGROUND: An estimated 350 million people live with depression worldwide. In Mozambique, there are no national data quantifying the burden of mental illnesses. With the sixth highest suicide rate in the world, there is strong evidence of an unmet mental health need. We conducted a survey to measure the prevalence of depression among female heads of household and assess individual, social, and cultural risk factors associated with a positive depression screening. METHODS: This survey was conducted across 14 rural districts in central Mozambique in 2014...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053974/depression-as-seen-through-the-eyes-of-rural-chinese-women-implications-for-help-seeking-and-the-future-of-mental-health-care-in-china
#4
Peiyuan Qiu, Eric D Caine, Fengsu Hou, Catherine Cerulli, Marsha N Wittink
BACKGROUND: As part of a larger epidemiological study of depression among rural Chinese women, we sought to understand their explanatory models of depression. We explored how participants describe depression, to what cause they attribute depression, and what sources of treatment they would recommend. METHODS: Participants first were assessed with the Center for Epidemiological-Depression scale (CES-D), with a cut-point of 16 or greater indicative of depression. The Short Explanatory Model Interview (SEMI), a semi-structured questionnaire, was our primary tool for exploring participants' explanatory models relating to a vignette describing a rural Chinese woman with depression...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053576/toward-age-friendly-slums-health-challenges-of-older-slum-dwellers-in-nairobi-and-the-applicability-of-the-age-friendly-city-approach
#5
Isabella Aboderin, Megumi Kano, Hilda Akinyi Owii
A majority of urban residents in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and other developing regions live in informal settlements, or slums. Much of the discourse on slum health centres on younger generations, while an intensifying agenda on healthy ageing as yet lacks a systematic focus on slums. Similarly, the global age-friendly cities (AFC) movement does not, thus far, extend to slums. This paper examines the particular challenges that a slum-focused age-friendly initiative in SSA may need to address, and the relevance of present AFC indicators and domains for initiatives to advance the health and well-being of older slum dwellers...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053525/transforming-nursing-education-a-call-for-a-conceptual-approach
#6
Frederica Feller
In an effort to meet the changing landscape of the health care system and the explosion of nursing knowledge, the Institute of Medicine and the Robert Wood Johnston Foundation have summoned nursing academia to partner on curriculum development with an emphasis on the professional socialization of the new nurse. As health care continues to change, the education of nurses must also evolve to meet these changes. Curriculum transformation is needed at nearly every aspect of health care. This policy statement will explore these challenges and the transformation in nursing education required to meet them...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053437/reaching-egyptian-gays-using-social-media-a-comprehensive-health-study-and-a-framework-for-future-research
#7
Ahmed Gamal Elmahy
Internet has revolutionized research on sexual minorities by providing direct and safe access to hidden, stigmatized and high risk populations. This study investigated the possibility of using Facebook to reach Egyptian gays. The questionnaire was manually distributed to an extensive list of Facebook pages and groups related to the topic that has been collected using a snowball-like technique. The recruitment lasted from August 2015 to May 2016. Among the 461 eligible participants, the mean age was 26.6 (SD = 7...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053401/are-we-prepared-for-emerging-flaviviruses-in-europe-challenges-for-vaccination
#8
Patricia Kaaijk, Willem Luytjes
Tick-borne encephalitis and West Nile fever are endemic flavivirus diseases in Europe. Climate change, virus evolution, and social factors may increase the risk of these flavivirus infections and may lead to the emergence of other flaviviruses in Europe that are endemic in (sub)tropical regions of the world. Control of the spread of flaviviruses is very difficult considering the cycling of flaviviruses between arthropod vectors and animal reservoir hosts. The increasing threat of flavivirus infections emphasizes the necessity of a sustainable vector surveillance system, an active animal health surveillance system and an adequate human surveillance system for early detection of flavivirus infections...
October 20, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053387/facebook-false-self-presentation-behaviors-and-negative-mental-health
#9
Elizabeth J Wright, Katherine M White, Patricia L Obst
As research examining what constitutes Facebook false self-presentation is lacking, the aim of this study was to develop a preliminary inventory of Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as identify predictors and possible outcomes. Participants (N = 211) completed questions regarding frequency of engagement in Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as self-esteem, social influences, motivation strategies, well-being, depression, anxiety, and stress. Results indicated the presence of two distinct false self-presentation behaviors: lying (e...
October 20, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053380/indirect-effects-of-social-skills-on-health-through-stress-and-loneliness
#10
Chris Segrin
The social skills deficit vulnerability model predicts that people with inadequate social skills are at risk for a range of psychosocial problems, especially when confronted with stress. People with poor social skills often experience stress and loneliness and these two constructs were tested as potential pathways by which the poor social skills confer a risk for compromised mental and physical health. An online survey was completed by 775 adults, aged 18-91. The sample matched national demographics for race/ethnicity and age, among those over 18...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053377/substance-use-among-bi-multiracial-youth-in-the-united-states-profiles-of-psychosocial-risk-and-protection
#11
Trenette Clark Goings, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Matthew O Howard, Michael G Vaughn
BACKGROUND: Bi/multiracial youth face higher risk of engaging in substance use than most monoracial youth. OBJECTIVES: This study contrasts the prevalence of substance use among bi/multiracial youth with that of youth from other racial/ethnic groups, and identifies distinct profiles of bi/multiracial youth by examining their substance use risk. METHODS: Using data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (collected between 2002 and 2014), we analyze data for 9,339 bi/multiracial youth ages 12-17 living in the United States...
October 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053373/receipt-and-perceived-helpfulness-of-mental-illness-information-findings-from-the-australian-national-survey-of-mental-health-and-wellbeing
#12
Annette L Graham, Joanne Brooker, Penelope Hasking, David Clarke, Graham Meadows
The distribution of mental illness information is a crucial element of mental health promotion initiatives. We assessed the receipt and perceived helpfulness of such information in Australia. Data from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing indicated that, during the year prior to the survey, 33.7% of Australians received mental illness information; of these, 51.2% found it helpful. Among people with a mental disorder, 46.1% received information; of these, 67.4% found it helpful. Non-English speakers and the socially disadvantaged were less likely to receive mental illness information...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053128/-traumatic-brain-injury-neurologic-and-psychiatric-aspects
#13
Yu P Sivolap, I V Damulin, O N Voskresenskaya
Traumatic brain injury is among the leading social-medical problems that causes preventable deaths, health deterioration and disability in young individuals. It is manifested by neurologic and psychiatric disorders, firstly by neurocognitive impairment. Therapeutic interventions in traumatic brain injury include correction of cerebral disorders in the acute phase of trauma, treatment of neurocognitive impairment and symptomatic treatment of mental disorders. The efficacy of treatment of neurocognitive deficits associated with brain injury is still unsatisfactory, which determines the need to find new medicines and therapeutic approaches...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052955/factors-associated-with-the-introduction-of-complementary-feeding-in-the-french-elfe-cohort-study
#14
Marie Bournez, Eléa Ksiazek, Sandra Wagner, Claire Kersuzan, Christine Tichit, Séverine Gojard, Xavier Thierry, Marie-Aline Charles, Sandrine Lioret, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Sophie Nicklaus
The objectives of this study were to estimate the age of complementary feeding introduction (CFI) and investigate the related health, demographic, and socio-economic factors. Analyses were based on 10,931 infants from the French national birth cohort ELFE, born in 2011. Health, demographic, and socio-economic data concerning infants and parents were collected at birth (face-to-face interviews and medical records) and 2 months (telephone interviews). Data on milk feeding and CFI practices were collected at birth and 2 months then monthly from 3 to 10 months using online or paper questionnaires...
October 20, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052947/exploring-opportunities-to-support-mental-health-care-using-social-media-a-survey-of-social-media-users-with-mental-illness
#15
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Gregory J McHugo, Jürgen Unützer, Lisa A Marsch, Stephen J Bartels
AIM: Social media holds promise for expanding the reach of mental health services, especially for young people who frequently use these popular platforms. We surveyed social media users who self-identified as having a mental illness to learn about their use of social media for mental health and to identify opportunities to augment existing mental health services. METHODS: We asked 240 Twitter users who self-identified in their profile as having a mental illness to participate in an online survey...
October 20, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052519/circuit-training-enhances-function-in-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Wei-Bin Hsu, Wun-Jer Shen, Zin-Rong Lin, Shr-Hsin Chang, Robert Wen-Wei Hsu
BACKGROUND: The number of patients receiving total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been rising every year due to the aging population and the obesity epidemic. Post-operative rehabilitation is important for the outcome of TKA. METHODS: A series of 34 patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA was retrospectively collected and divided into either exercise group (n = 16) and control group (n = 18). The exercise group underwent a 24-week course of circuit training beginning 3 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052510/validity-and-reliability-of-a-nigerian-yoruba-version-of-the-stroke-specific-quality-of-life-scale-2-0
#17
Marufat Oluyemisi Odetunde, Aderonke Omobonike Akinpelu, Adesola Christiana Odole
BACKGROUND: Psychometric evidence is necessary to establish scientific integrity and clinical usefulness of translations and cultural adaptations of the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life (SS-QoL) scale. However, the limited evidence on psychometrics of Yoruba version of SS-QoL 2.0 (SS-QoL(Y)) is a significant shortcoming. This study assessed the test-retest reliability, internal consistency, convergent, divergent, discriminant and known-group validity of the SS-QoL(Y). METHODS: Yoruba version of the WHOQoL-BREF was used to test the convergent and divergent validity of the SS-QoL(Y) among 100 consenting stroke survivors...
October 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052485/health-literacy-among-danish-university-students-enrolled-in-health-related-study-programmes
#18
Lea Elsborg, Fie Krossdal, Lars Kayser
AIMS: It is important to address people's health literacy when providing health care. Health professionals should be aware of, and have insight into, people's health literacy when they provide health services. Health professionals need to be health literate themselves. We examined the level of health literacy in students in Denmark attending one of four full university programmes related to health and investigated how their health literacy was associated with their sociodemographic background...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052431/factors-influencing-professional-help-seeking-for-suicidality
#19
Jin Han, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Rebecca Randall
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the majority of people with suicidality do not seek help. Little systematic evaluation of factors influencing professional help-seeking has been done. AIMS: To systematically evaluate the factors that influence professional help-seeking for suicidality. METHOD: Published quantitative and qualitative studies in Medline and PsycInfo databases were reviewed following PRISMA. RESULTS: In all, 55 relevant studies were identified...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052425/inclusive-state-immigrant-policies-and-health-insurance-among-latino-asian-pacific-islander-black-and-white-noncitizens-in-the-united-states
#20
Maria-Elena De Trinidad Young, Gabriela Leon-Perez, Christine R Wells, Steven P Wallace
OBJECTIVES: Policy-making related to immigrant populations is increasingly conducted at the state-level. State policy contexts may influence health insurance coverage by determining noncitizens' access to social and economic resources and shaping social environments. Using nationally representative data, we investigate the relationship between level of inclusion of state immigrant policies and health insurance coverage and its variation by citizenship and race/ethnicity. METHODS: Data included a measure of level of inclusion of the state policy context from a scan of 10 policies enacted prior to 2014 and data for adults ages 18-64 from the 2014 American Community Survey...
October 20, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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