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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092218/analysis-of-the-effect-of-chronic-and-low-dose-radiation-exposure-on-spermatogenic-cells-of-male-large-japanese-field-mice-apodemus-speciosus-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#1
Sachio Takino, Hideaki Yamashiro, Yukou Sugano, Yohei Fujishima, Akifumi Nakata, Kosuke Kasai, Gohei Hayashi, Yusuke Urushihara, Masatoshi Suzuki, Hisashi Shinoda, Tomisato Miura, Manabu Fukumoto
In this study we analyzed the effect of chronic and low-dose-rate (LDR) radiation on spermatogenic cells of large Japanese field mice ( Apodemus speciosus ) after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident. In March 2014, large Japanese field mice were collected from two sites located in, and one site adjacent to, the FNPP ex-evacuation zone: Tanashio, Murohara and Akogi, respectively. Testes from these animals were analyzed histologically. External dose rate from radiocesium (combined (134)Cs and (137)Cs) in these animals at the sampling sites exhibited 21 μGy/day in Tanashio, 304-365 μGy/day in Murohara and 407-447 μGy/day in Akogi...
January 16, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091816/pediatric-cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis-following-cranial-surgery
#2
Dmitriy Petrov, Michael Y Uohara, Rebecca Ichord, Zarina Ali, Laura Jastrzab, Shih-Shan Lang, Lori Billinghurst
PURPOSE: Pediatric cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is an important, though less common subtype of pediatric stroke. It has been linked to several risk factors, including cranial procedures, with few studies highlighting this relationship. The aim of this study was to characterize the diagnosis and treatment of CSVT after cranial surgery. METHODS: An institutional pediatric stroke research database was used to identify all CSVT cases diagnosed within 30 days of cranial surgery from November 2004 to December 2014...
January 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089222/-etiology-and-prognosis-of-the-eye-traumas-by-war-weapons-in-the-senegalese-army
#3
S M Seck, M Diakhaté, M N Ndiaye Sow, M Dieng, G Agboton, N N Guèye
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work is to identify the main weapons causing eye injuries during the campaigns of the Senegalese army in the south of the country, as well as the prognosis of these traumas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is retrospective and concerns soldiers wounded by the weapons of war during the exercise of their mission within the Senegalese armed forces of 1991 in 2005. They are mainly soldiers affected in the south of the country during a war, clashes with the rebels or in Guinea-Bissau during operation Gabou in 1998...
January 11, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089093/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-evacuating-the-intracerebral-hematoma-in-early-stages-decreased-secondary-damages-to-the-internal-capsule-in-dog-model-of-ich-observed-by-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#4
Guofeng Wu, Fan Wang, Likun Wang, Jing Shi, Hui Yu, Yingjun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Diffusion tensor imaging was used to observe the effects of performing early minimally invasive surgery (MIS) on internal capsule in dog model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: Twenty-five male dogs were selected to prepare an ICH model, and then they were randomly distributed into a model control (MC) group (5 dogs) or an MIS group (20 dogs). In the MIS group, the intracerebral hematoma was evacuated by stereotactic minimally invasive procedures over 6 hours (5 dogs), 12 hours (5 dogs), 18 hours (5 dogs), or 24 hours (5 dogs) after successful induction of ICH...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079778/association-of-intended-route-of-delivery-and-maternal-morbidity-in-twin-pregnancy
#5
Sarah Rae Easter, Julian N Robinson, Ellice Lieberman, Daniela Carusi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal morbidity in twin pregnancies according to intended mode of delivery. METHODS: We assembled a 7-year retrospective cohort (2007-2014) of women delivering viable, vertex-presenting twins beyond 32 weeks of gestation without contraindication to labor or uterine scar. We classified women as undergoing a trial of labor to attempt vaginal birth or choosing an elective cesarean delivery. Our primary outcome was a measure of composite maternal morbidity including death, postpartum hemorrhage, infection, major procedure, readmission for infection or reoperation, need for dilation and evacuation for hemorrhage or infection, venous thromboembolism, small bowel obstruction or ileus, or intensive care unit admission...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079661/femoral-neuropathy-following-spontaneous-retroperitoneal-hemorrhage-after-cardiac-surgery-a-case-report
#6
Dinah J White, F T Lytle
A woman underwent ascending aortic aneurysm repair, aortic root and valve replacement, and coronary artery bypass grafting. Her postoperative course was complicated by stroke and status epilepticus. With supportive care and antiepileptics, her neurologic status improved. Intravenous heparin and aspirin were initiated. On postoperative day 13, she developed a large retroperitoneal hematoma with femoral neuropathy. Because her hematoma was not amenable to percutaneous drainage or surgical evacuation, and considering her comorbidities, a conservative approach was elected...
January 11, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078750/metabolic-adaptation-of-colonic-microbiota-to-galactooligosaccharides-a-proof-of-concept-study
#7
M Mego, C Manichanh, A Accarino, D Campos, M Pozuelo, E Varela, J Vulevic, G Tzortzis, G Gibson, F Guarner, F Azpiroz
BACKGROUND: Prebiotics have been shown to reduce abdominal symptoms in patients with functional gut disorders, despite that they are fermented by colonic bacteria and may induce gas-related symptoms. AIM: To investigate changes in the metabolic activity of gut microbiota induced by a recognised prebiotic. METHODS: Healthy subjects (n = 20) were given a prebiotic (2.8 g/day HOST-G904, HOST Therabiomics, Jersey, Channel Islands) for 3 weeks...
January 12, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069785/postoperative-mycoplasma-hominis-brain-abscess-keep-it-in-mind
#8
Sarah Maria Bergin, Shehara M Mendis, Barnaby Young, Ezlyn Binti Izharuddin
A temporal lobe abscess was diagnosed in a 57-year-old man. A urethral catheter had been inserted 12 days earlier, just prior to clot evacuation of a subacute haematoma secondary to an arterio-venous malformation. Fever persisted despite debridement and treatment with meropenem and vancomycin. Gram stains of operative samples showed no bacteria. Extended cultures grew pinpoint colonies after 5 days. Meanwhile, sequencing of bacterial 16S rDNA from operative specimens had identified Mycoplasma hominis; the bacterial colonies were subsequently similarly identified...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068964/management-of-screwdriver-induced-penetrating-brain-injury-a-case-report
#9
Jia Shi, Yumin Mao, Jiachao Cao, Bo Dong
BACKGROUND: Penetrating brain injury (PBI) can be caused by several objects ranging from knives to chopsticks. However, an assault with long and electric screwdriver is a peculiar accident and is relatively rare. Because of its rarity, the treatments of such injury are complex and nonstandardized. CASE PRESENTATION: We presented a case of a 54-year-old female who was stabbed with a screwdriver in her head and accompanied by loss of consciousness for 1 h. Computer tomography (CT) demonstrated that the screwdriver passed through the right zygomatic bone to posterior cranial fossa...
January 10, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066666/ct-guided-percutaneous-microwave-ablation-of-pulmonary-malignant-tumors
#10
Wei-Chun Ko, Yee-Fan Lee, Yi-Chang Chen, Ning Chien, Yu-Sen Huang, Yao-Hui Tseng, Jang-Ming Lee, Hsao-Hsun Hsu, Jin-Shing Chen, Yeun-Chung Chang
BACKGROUND: Microwave ablation (MWA) of lung tumors is a new approach for local tumor control. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the preliminary results of safety and efficacy of MWA with a dynamic frequency range (902-928 MHz) and power (10-32 W) for local tumor control of thoracic malignancies. METHODS: From December 1, 2013 to February 1, 2016, there were total 32 lung tumors among 15 patients (7 men, 8 women, age range 43-82 years, mean 57...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061918/clinical-experience-and-learning-style-of-flight-nurse-and-aeromedical-evacuation-technician-students
#11
Marla J De Jong, Susan F Dukes, Karey M Dufour, Darcy L Mortimer
BACKGROUND: The clinical experience and preferred learning style of U.S. Air Force flight nurses and aeromedical evacuation technicians are unknown. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey design, we gathered data regarding the clinical experience, level of comfort providing clinical care, and preferred learning style of 77 active duty (AD), Air Force Reserve (AFR), and Air National Guard (ANG) nurses enrolled in the U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Flight Nurse course, and 121 AD, AFR, and ANG medical technicians enrolled in the Aeromedical Evacuation Technician course...
January 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060817/high-levels-of-post-abortion-complication-in-a-setting-where-abortion-service-is-not-legalized
#12
Tadele Melese, Dereje Habte, Billy M Tsima, Keitshokile Dintle Mogobe, Kesegofetse Chabaesele, Goabaone Rankgoane, Tshiamo R Keakabetse, Mabole Masweu, Mosidi Mokotedi, Mpho Motana, Badani Moreri-Ntshabele
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality due to abortion complications stands among the three leading causes of maternal death in Botswana where there is a restrictive abortion law. This study aimed at assessing the patterns and determinants of post-abortion complications. METHODS: A retrospective institution based cross-sectional study was conducted at four hospitals from January to August 2014. Data were extracted from patients' records with regards to their socio-demographic variables, abortion complications and length of hospital stay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060246/unsuspected-conjunctival-orbital-dermoid-cyst-aids-in-diagnosis
#13
Frederick A Jakobiec, Fouad R Zakka, Alice Lorch
A 25-year-old man with Type 1 diabetes mellitus experienced rapid visual decline and was scheduled for right cataract surgery. At the time of administering an inferotemporal retrobulbar block, a white discharge appeared spontaneously on the surface of the globe. Superotemporally a cyst was found and its contents were subtotally evacuated. Microscopically, eosinophilic, acellular material with chatter artifact and small vacuoles was detected and initially thought to represent a lens choristoma. This material stained moderately with the periodic acid Schiff method and was focally Congo red positive without apple green birefringence; it also stained blue with the Masson trichrome method...
January 5, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059942/efficacy-of-biofeedback-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-dyssynergic-defecation-in-community-dwelling-elderly-women
#14
Miguel A Simón, Ana M Bueno
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of biofeedback therapy in the treatment of dyssynergic defecation in chronically constipated community-dwelling elderly women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After an initial assessment phase carried out during 1 month, 20 chronically constipated women with dyssynergic defecation were randomly assigned to either electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF) group (n=10) or control group (n=10). Outcome measures used to evaluate the efficacy of treatment were weekly stool frequency, sensation of incomplete evacuation, difficulty evacuation level, mean EMG-activity (μV) of the external anal sphincter during straining to defecate and Anismus index...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056930/anti-diarrheal-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-aqueous-extract-of-the-aerial-part-of-rubia-cordifolia
#15
Xue-Peng Gong, Yuan-Yuan Sun, Wei Chen, Xia Guo, Jian-Kun Guan, Dong-Yan Li, Guang Du
BACKGROUND: In Shaanxi province, China, the aqueous extract of Rubia cordifolia's aerial part (AERCAP) is traditionally used to manage diarrhea. However, there is no scientific evidence to verify the safety and efficacy of its use. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-diarrheal and anti-inflammatory effects of AERCAP by using a rodent model. METHODS: The anti-diarrheal effects were studied by senna leaf-induced diarrheal and intestinal transit experiments in mice...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054488/for-the-day-when-i-can-return-the-future-is-one-step-away
#16
K Kanno
Iitate, a village in Fukushima Prefecture, suffered little damage from the Great East Japan Earthquake that struck on 11 March 2011. However, all village residents were belatedly ordered to evacuate 1 month after the accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. My family and I had to evacuate to the city of Fukushima, located 40 km from our home in Iitate. This came at a time when my husband and I were planning to start research on Natsuhaze (a type of blueberry grown in Japan) after his retirement...
January 1, 2017: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046975/su-f-j-130-margin-determination-for-hypofractionated-partial-breast-irradiation
#17
C Geady, B Keller, M Ruschin, E Hahn, N Makhani, S Bosnic, D Vesprini, H Soliman, J Lee, C McCann
PURPOSE: To determine the Planning Target Volume (PTV) margin for Hypofractionated Partial Breast Irradiation (HPBI) using the van Herk formalism (M=2.5∑+0.7σ). HPBI is a novel technique intended to provide local control in breast cancer patients not eligible for surgical resection, using 40 Gy in 5 fractions prescribed to the gross disease. METHODS: Setup uncertainties were quantified through retrospective analysis of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) data sets, collected prior to (prefraction) and after (postfraction) treatment delivery...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046779/su-f-j-69-the-dosimetric-impact-of-interfraction-anorectum-and-bladder-variability-in-prostate-radiation-therapy
#18
V Patel, F Chinea, M Abramowitz, M Studenski
PURPOSE: In the era of dose escalation and numerous protocols evaluating radiation delivery to the prostate, it is imperative to achieve accurate and standardized daily set up. At the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, patients are instructed to drink 8 ounces of water 30 minutes prior to RT and follow a low residue diet to ensure that the anorectum is not distended and the bladder is adequately filled. If daily CBCT imaging shows any variation, the patient is removed from the table and drinks water or evacuates their rectum prior to a repeat CBCT...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045725/utilization-of-stand-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-a-high-risk-parturient-with-methamphetamine-associated-cardiomyopathy-undergoing-dilation-and-evacuation-a-case-report
#19
Cesar Padilla, Antonio Hernandez Conte, Danny Ramzy, Lorraine Lubin, Troy LaBounty, Judith H Chung, Ying Zeng
Parturients may present with evidence of acute heart failure or respiratory distress during the peripartum period. This case report documents utilization of "stand-by" extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for a 40-year-old woman with a history of severe left ventricular dysfunction who presented for elective dilation and evacuation of triplets at 20 weeks' gestation. The patient's medical history was significant for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, methamphetamine use (acute/chronic), and cardiac-respiratory arrest before her previous emergent cesarean delivery...
December 30, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044958/bilateral-axillary-accessory-breast-tissue-revealed-by-pregnancy
#20
Florin Grama, Ștefan Voiculescu, Ema Vîrga, Traean Burcoş, Daniel Cristian
We illustrate a rare case of a 28 year-old woman with bilateral axillary masses, which were uncovered during her first pregnancy only and grew progresively in size ever since. On local examination, there were two 5/3/5 cm masses with benign clinical characteristics, developed apparently on the axillary extension of the mammary gland. During lactation, a milk-like liquid was evacuated through a brownish, rudimentary, nipple located in the center of each axillary masses. One year after parturition, the MRI showed bilateral axillary breast tissue appearance, separated from the eutopic mammary gland, but having similar signal intensity...
November 2016: Chirurgia
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