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Congenital myotonic dystrophy

Zuzana Musova, Miroslava Hancarova, Marketa Havlovicova, Radka Pourova, Michal Hrdlicka, Josef Kraus, Marie Trkova, David Stejskal, Zdenek Sedlacek
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) belongs to the broad spectrum of genetic disorders associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). ASD were reported predominantly in congenital and early childhood forms of DM1. We describe dizygotic twin boys with ASD who were referred for routine laboratory genetic testing and in whom karyotyping, FMR1 gene testing, and single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis yielded negative results. The father of the boys was later diagnosed with suspected DM1, and testing revealed characteristic DMPK gene expansions in his genome as well as in the genomes of both twins and their elder brother, who also suffered from ASD...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Ashwin Subramaniam, Robert Grauer, David Beilby, Ravindranath Tiruvoipati
Myotonic dystrophy (DM), though rare, can significantly complicate anesthesia due to muscular and extra-muscular involvement. When this condition is compounded by a pheochromocytoma, anesthetizing such patients becomes extra challenging. We present a case report of a 61-year-old lady with congenital DM, with the whole gamut of associated features, was diagnosed with a noradrenaline secreting paraganglionoma following investigation of refractory hypertension. We anesthetized her for an open resection of the lesion...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Cynthia Gagnon, Marie Kierkegaard, Catherine Blackburn, Nicolas Chrestian, Mélissa Lavoie, Marie-Frédéric Bouchard, Jean Mathieu
AIM: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), a neuromuscular disorder, is divided into four clinical phenotypes: congenital; childhood; adult-onset, and late-onset. Publications about the childhood phenotype, especially the long-term outcome, are scarce. The aims of this study were to assess and describe participation outcomes in adults with the childhood phenotype. METHOD: A retrospective chart methodology. Data were extracted from health records for 63 adults with childhood DM1 (32 males, 31 females; mean age 34y, standard deviation [SD] 11y 6mo; range 18-54y) who had attended the Saguenay Neuromuscular Clinic, Canada...
September 27, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
M De Antonio, C Dogan, D Hamroun, M Mati, S Zerrouki, B Eymard, S Katsahian, G Bassez
The broad clinical spectrum of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) creates particular challenges for both medical care and design of clinical trials. Clinical onset spans a continuum from birth to late adulthood, with symptoms that are highly variable in both severity and nature of the affected organ systems. In the literature, this complex phenotype is divided into three grades (mild, classic, and severe) and four or five main clinical categories (congenital, infantile/juvenile, adult-onset and late-onset forms), according to symptom severity and age of onset, respectively...
October 2016: Revue Neurologique
Aziz Shaibani
About 15% of myopathies present with distal weakness. Lack of sensory deficit, and preservation of sensory responses and deep tendon reflexes, favors a myopathic cause for distal weakness. Electromyogram confirms this diagnosis. Profuse spontaneous discharges are common in inflammatory, metabolic, and myofibrillar myopathy (MFM). If the clinical picture indicates a specific disease such as facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), genetic testing provides the quickest diagnosis. Otherwise, muscle biopsy can distinguish specific features...
August 2016: Neurologic Clinics
J Raignoux, U Walther-Louvier, C Espil, L Berthomieu, E Uro-Coste, F Rivier, C Cances
UNLABELLED: Apart from spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), congenital neuromuscular diseases with early neonatal symptoms mean diagnostic and prognostic challenges mainly when infants require ventilatory support. OBJECTIVES: Consider a standardized strategy for infants suspected of congenital neuromuscular disease from analysis of the literature and retrospective experience with floppy and ventilatory support-dependent infants, after exclusion of well-known diseases (DM1, SMA)...
September 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Yongping Yue, Ibrahim M Binalsheikh, Stacey B Leach, Timothy L Domeier, Dongsheng Duan
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac involvement is a common feature in muscular dystrophies. It presents as heart failure and/or arrhythmia. Traditionally, dystrophic cardiomyopathy is treated with symptom-relieving medications. Identification of disease-causing genes and investigation on pathogenic mechanisms have opened new opportunities to treat dystrophic cardiomyopathy with gene therapy. Replacing/repairing the mutated gene and/or targeting the pathogenic process/mechanisms using alternative genes may attenuate heart disease in muscular dystrophies...
2016: Expert Opinion on Orphan Drugs
Stefano Zanigni, Stefania Evangelisti, Maria Pia Giannoccaro, Federico Oppi, Roberto Poda, Antonio Giorgio, Claudia Testa, David Neil Manners, Patrizia Avoni, Laura Ludovica Gramegna, Nicola De Stefano, Raffaele Lodi, Caterina Tonon, Rocco Liguori
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) represents a multisystemic disorder in which diffuse brain white and gray matter alterations related to clinical and genetic features have been described. We aimed to evaluate in the brain of adult patients with DM1 (i) white and gray matter differences, including cortical-subcortical gray matter volume and cortical thickness and (ii) their correlation with clinical disability, global neuropsychological performance and triplet expansion. METHODS: We included 24 adult genetically-confirmed DM1 patients (14 males; age: 38...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
Nicholas E Johnson, Russell Butterfield, Kiera Berggren, Man Hung, Wei Chen, Deanna DiBella, Melissa Dixon, Heather Hayes, Evan Pucillo, Jerry Bounsanga, Chad Heatwole, Craig Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Herein, we describe the disease burden and age-related changes of congenital-onset myotonic dystrophy (CDM) in childhood. METHODS: Children with CDM and age-matched controls aged 0 to 13 years were enrolled. Participants were divided into cohorts based on the following age groups: 0-2, 3-6, and 7-13 years. Each cohort received age-appropriate evaluations including functional testing, oral facial strength testing, neuropsychological testing, quality-of-life measurements, and ECG...
July 12, 2016: Neurology
Ekaterina Boyarchuk, Philippe Robin, Lauriane Fritsch, Véronique Joliot, Slimane Ait-Si-Ali
Skeletal muscle terminal differentiation starts with the commitment of pluripotent mesodermal precursor cells to myoblasts. These cells have still the ability to proliferate or they can differentiate and fuse into multinucleated myotubes, which maturate further to form myofibers. Skeletal muscle terminal differentiation is orchestrated by the coordinated action of various transcription factors, in particular the members of the Muscle Regulatory Factors or MRFs (MyoD, Myogenin, Myf5, and MRF4), also called the myogenic bHLH transcription factors family...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Laura Serra, Mara Cercignani, Michela Bruschini, Lisa Cipolotti, Matteo Mancini, Gabriella Silvestri, Antonio Petrucci, Elisabetta Bucci, Giovanni Antonini, Loretta Licchelli, Barbara Spanò, Manlio Giacanelli, Carlo Caltagirone, Giovanni Meola, Marco Bozzali
Myotonic dystrophy type-1 (DM1) is a genetic multi-systemic disorder involving several organs including the brain. Despite the heterogeneity of this condition, some patients with non-congenital DM1 can present with minimal cognitive impairment on formal testing but with severe difficulties in daily-living activities including social interactions. One explanation for this paradoxical mismatch can be found in patients' dysfunctional social cognition, which can be assessed in the framework of the Theory of Mind (ToM)...
2016: PloS One
Nicholas J Silvestri, Gil I Wolfe, Mark Bromberg, David Lacomis
One of the first questions asked by patients and family members when a diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is made is "what about stem cells?" The term "stem cells" has attractiveness to it, with the assumption that stem cell treatment (stem nerve cells) can replace lost nerve cells. There are perhaps 2 types of stem cell trials, those that are vetted by the Food and Drug Administration and those that have no official oversight and whose results are infrequently published. The issue of the latter was discussed in the last edition of this column...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
Yan-Xin Meng, Zhe Zhao, Hong-Rui Shen, Qi Bing, Jing Hu
OBJECTIVES: The identification of disease-specific genetic and electrophysiological patterns for myotonia congenital (MC) could help clinicians apply in the findings of genetic studies to improve diagnosis. We examined the molecular, clinical, and histopathological characteristics of eight patients with MC. METHODS: Optimization PCR was used to exclude myotonic dystrophies and the CLCN1 gene was sequenced in patients having clinical and electrophysiological features indicative of MC...
January 2016: Neurological Research
Taku Oishi, Tetsuya Sato, Kenshi Matsushita, Tomoki Takechi, Nobuyuki Murakami, Mikiya Fujieda
We report a case of X-linked myotubular myopathy with chylothorax. A male infant weighing 2,114 g was born to a mother whose pregnancy was complicated with polyhydramnios from gestational week 32. At gestational week 37, emergent caesarian section was performed due to membrane rupture followed by fetal bradycardia. Ventilatory support was necessary because the neonate showed severe birth asphyxia accompanied by hypotonia and dyspnea. He also showed a respiratory complication of chylothorax at 10 days old; therefore, thoracic drainage was performed...
January 2016: No to Hattatsu. Brain and Development
Jean K Mah, Lawrence Korngut, Kirsten M Fiest, Jonathan Dykeman, Lundy J Day, Tamara Pringsheim, Nathalie Jette
BACKGROUND: The muscular dystrophies are a heterogeneous group of genetic muscle diseases with variable distribution of weakness and mode of inheritance. METHODS: We previously performed a systematic review of worldwide population-based studies on Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies; the current study focused on the epidemiology of other muscular dystrophies using Medline and EMBASE databases. Two reviewers independently reviewed all abstracts, full-text articles, and abstracted data from 1985 to 2011...
January 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Ian S Mutchnick, Meena A Thatikunta, William C Gump, Dan L Stewart, Thomas M Moriarty
PURPOSE: Ventriculomegaly in infants with congenital myotonic dystrophy (CDM) is common, and the neurosurgical determination of shunting is complex. The natural history of CDM-associated ventriculomegaly from prenatal to natal to postnatal stages is poorly known. The relationship between macrocephaly and ventriculomegaly, incidence of shunt necessity, and early mortality outcomes lack pooled data analysis. This study aims to review clinical features and pathophysiology of CDM, with emphasis on ventriculomegaly progression, ventriculomegaly association with macrocephaly, and incidence of shunting...
April 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Ulrike Schara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Nicholas E Johnson, Anne-Berit Ekstrom, Craig Campbell, Man Hung, Heather R Adams, Wei Chen, Elizabeth Luebbe, James Hilbert, Richard T Moxley, Chad R Heatwole
AIM: The frequency and impact of symptoms experienced by patients with congenital, childhood, and juvenile-onset myotonic dystrophy (CDM/ChDM/JDM) is not documented. This report identifies symptomatic areas with the greatest disease burden in an international population of patients with early-onset myotonic dystrophy type-1 (DM1). METHOD: We distributed surveys to parents of patients with CDM/ChDM/JDM. Patients with CDM/ChDM/JDM were members of the US National Registry of DM1 Patients and Family Members, the Canadian Neuromuscular Disease Registry, or the Swedish Health System...
July 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Lise Michel, Aline Huguet-Lachon, Geneviève Gourdon
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is caused by an unstable expanded CTG repeat located within the DMPK gene 3'UTR. The nature, severity and age at onset of DM1 symptoms are very variable in patients. Different forms of the disease are described, among which the congenital form (CDM) is the most severe. Molecular mechanisms of DM1 are well characterized for the adult form and involve accumulation of mutant DMPK RNA forming foci in the nucleus. These RNA foci sequester proteins from the MBNL family and deregulate CELF proteins...
2015: PloS One
K Van Den Hende, S Durand, R Mesnage, A Filleron, G Cambonie
UNLABELLED: The congenital form of myotonic dystrophy type I (CDM1) corresponds to a>1500 expansion of an unstable trinucleotide (CTG) repeat. Two prognostic factors predict the risk of death in early infancy: maturity of less than 35 weeks of gestation and neonatal invasive ventilation for more than 30 days. OBSERVATION: The case of a 29-week-old premature female infant, conceived by in vitro fertilization, is reported. Generalized hypotonia led to the diagnosis of the disease...
October 2015: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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