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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774207/overview-of-social-cognitive-dysfunctions-in-rare-developmental-syndromes-with-psychiatric-phenotype
#1
REVIEW
Aurore Morel, Elodie Peyroux, Arnaud Leleu, Emilie Favre, Nicolas Franck, Caroline Demily
Rare neurodevelopmental syndromes often present social cognitive deficits that may underlie difficulties in social interactions and increase the risk of psychosis or autism spectrum disorders. However, little is known regarding the specificities of social cognitive impairment across syndromes while it remains a major challenge for the care. Our review provides an overview of social cognitive dysfunctions in rare diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms (with a prevalence estimated between 1 in 1,200 and 1 in 25,000 live births: 22q11...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771624/virtual-reality-training-to-enhance-behavior-and-cognitive-function-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-brief-report
#2
Shirley Shema-Shiratzky, Marina Brozgol, Pablo Cornejo-Thumm, Karen Geva-Dayan, Michael Rotstein, Yael Leitner, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility and efficacy of a combined motor-cognitive training using virtual reality to enhance behavior, cognitive function and dual-tasking in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Fourteen non-medicated school-aged children with ADHD, received 18 training sessions during 6 weeks. Training included walking on a treadmill while negotiating virtual obstacles. Behavioral symptoms, cognition and gait were tested before and after the training and at 6-weeks follow-up...
May 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768349/comparison-of-multiple-interventions-for-older-adults-with-alzheimer-disease-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#3
Jing-Hong Liang, Yong Xu, Lu Lin, Rui-Xia Jia, Hong-Bo Zhang, Lei Hang
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of Alzheimer disease (AD) emphasizes the need for effective treatments. Both pharmacological therapies such as nutrition therapy (NT) and nonpharmacologic therapies including traditional treatment or personalized treatment (e.g., physical exercise, music therapy, computerized cognitive training) have been approved for the treatment of AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in numerous areas. METHODS: The aim of this study was to compare 4 types of interventions, physical exercise (PE), music therapy (MT), computerized cognitive training (CCT), and NT, in older adults with mild to moderate AD or MCI and identify the most effective intervention for their cognitive function...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765401/mixed-effects-modeling-of-neurofeedback-self-regulation-performance-moderators-for-learning-in-children-with-adhd
#4
Agnieszka Zuberer, Franziska Minder, Daniel Brandeis, Renate Drechsler
Introduction: Neurofeedback (NF) has gained increasing popularity as a training method for children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, it is unclear to what extent children learn to regulate their brain activity and in what way NF learning may be affected by subject- and treatment-related factors. Methods: In total, 48 subjects with ADHD (age 8.5-16.5 years; 16 subjects on methylphenidate (MPH)) underwent 15 double training sessions of NF in either a clinical or a school setting...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764716/individualized-targeted-computerized-cognitive-training-to-treat-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorder-an-interim-descriptive-analysis
#5
David E Vance, Michael Jensen, Frida Tende, James L Raper, Shannon Morrison, Pariya L Fazeli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755404/cognitive-rehabilitation-in-bilateral-vestibular-patients-a-computational-perspective
#6
Andrew W Ellis, Corina G Schöne, Dominique Vibert, Marco D Caversaccio, Fred W Mast
There is evidence that vestibular sensory processing affects, and is affected by, higher cognitive processes. This is highly relevant from a clinical perspective, where there is evidence for cognitive impairments in patients with peripheral vestibular deficits. The vestibular system performs complex probabilistic computations, and we claim that understanding these is important for investigating interactions between vestibular processing and cognition. Furthermore, this will aid our understanding of patients' self-motion perception and will provide useful information for clinical interventions...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745626/train-the-brain-immediate-sensorimotor-effects-of-mentally-performed-flexor-exercises-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#7
Konstantin Beinert, Marc Sofsky, Jörg Trojan
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor tests, like cranio- cervical flexion and cervical joint position sense tests, share a strong cognitive component during their execution. However, cognitive training for those tests has not been investigated so far. AIM: To compare mental and physical exercises for improving the sensorimotor function of the cervical spine. DESIGN: A within-subject design with 16 participants. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy centre...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745559/-three-dimensional-virtual-dolphin-treatment-system-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Wenkai Song, Yu Sun, Dongchuan Yu
In order to address the problem of traditional dolphin adjuvant therapy such as high cost and its limitation in time and place, this paper introduces a three-dimensional virtual dolphin adjuvant therapy system based on virtual reality technology. By adopting Oculus wearable three-dimensional display, the system combined natural human-computer interaction based on Leap Motion with high-precision gesture recognition and cognitive training, and achieved immersive three-dimensional interactive game for child rehabilitation training purposes...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740360/the-importance-of-social-cognition-in-improving-functional-outcomes-in-schizophrenia
#9
REVIEW
Afzal Javed, Asha Charles
Social cognition has become recognized as an important driver of functional outcomes and overall recovery in patients with schizophrenia, mediating the relationship between neurocognition and social functioning. Since antipsychotic therapy targeting remission of clinical symptoms has been shown to have a limited impact on social cognition, there has been an increasing drive to develop therapeutic strategies to specifically improve social cognition in schizophrenia. We sought to review current evidence relating to social cognition in schizophrenia and its clinical implications, including interventions designed to target the core domains of social cognition (emotion processing, theory of mind, attributional bias, and social perception) as a means of improving functional outcomes and thereby increasing the likelihood of recovery...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734923/virtual-reality-based-cognitive-training-for-drug-abusers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
David W K Man
Non-pharmacological means are being developed to enhance cognitive abilities in drug abusers. This study evaluated virtual reality (VR) as an intervention tool for enhancing cognitive and vocational outcomes in 90 young ketamine users (KU) randomly assigned to a treatment group (virtual reality group, VRG; tutor-administered group, TAG) or wait-listed control group (CG). Two training programmes with similar content but different delivery modes (VR-based and manual-based) were applied using a virtual boutique as a training scenario...
May 8, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734674/a-cross-disciplinary-successful-aging-intervention-and-evaluation-comparison-of-person-to-person-and-digital-assisted-approaches
#11
Hui-Chuan Hsu, Tsuann Kuo, Ju-Ping Lin, Wei-Chung Hsu, Chia-Wen Yu, Yen-Cheng Chen, Wan-Zhen Xie, Wei-Chiang Hsu, Ya-Lan Hsu, Mu-Ting Yu
Background : Successful aging has been the paradigm of old-age life. The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate a cross-disciplinary intervention program using two approaches for community-based older adults in Taichung, Taiwan. Methods : The content of the intervention included successful aging concepts and preparation, physical activity, chronic disease and health management, dietary and nutrition information, cognitive training, emotional awareness and coping skills, family relationship and resilience, legal concepts regarding financial protection, and Internet use...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733492/cognitive-training-for-technical-and-non-technical-skills-in-robotic-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
N Raison, K Ahmed, T Abe, O Brunckhorst, G Novara, N Buffi, C McIlhenny, H Van der Poel, M Van Hemelrijck, A Gavazzi, P Dasgupta
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of motor imagery (MI) for technical and non-technical skills (NTS) training in minimally invasive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single blind, parallel group randomised controlled trial was conducted at the Vattikuti Institute of Robotic Surgery, King's College London. Novice surgeons were recruited by open invitation in 2015. Following basic robotic skills training, participants underwent simple randomisation to either MI training or standard training...
May 7, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730045/improving-cognitive-training-for-schizophrenia-using-neuroplasticity-enhancers-lessons-from-decades-of-basic-and-clinical-research
#13
G D Guercio, M E Thomas, J M Cisneros-Franco, P Voss, R Panizzutti, E de Villers-Sidani
Mounting evidence indicates that schizophrenia is a disorder that stems from maladaptive plasticity within neural circuits and produces broad cognitive deficits leading to loss of autonomy. A large number of studies have identified abnormalities spanning many neurotransmitter systems in schizophrenia, and as a result, a variety of drugs have been developed to attempt to treat these abnormalities and enhance cognition. Unfortunately, positive results have been limited so far. This may be in part because the scope of abnormalities in the schizophrenic brain requires a treatment capable of engaging many different neurotransmitter systems...
May 2, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729676/attentional-bias-modification-for-social-anxiety-disorder-what-do-patients-think-and-why-does-it-matter
#14
Jennie M Kuckertz, Casey A Schofield, Elise M Clerkin, Jennifer Primack, Hannah Boettcher, Risa B Weisberg, Nader Amir, Courtney Beard
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, a great deal of research has examined the efficacy and mechanisms of attentional bias modification (ABM), a computerized cognitive training intervention for anxiety and other disorders. However, little research has examined how anxious patients perceive ABM, and it is unclear to what extent perceptions of ABM influence outcome. AIMS: To examine patient perceptions of ABM across two studies, using a mixed methods approach. METHOD: In the first study, participants completed a traditional ABM program and received a hand-out with minimal information about the purpose of the task...
May 6, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723721/the-effectiveness-of-a-cognitive-training-program-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-study-in-urban-community
#15
Chalermpong Sukontapol, Sasithorn Kemsen, Sirintorn Chansirikarn, Daochompu Nakawiro, Orawan Kuha, Unchulee Taemeeyapradit
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a cognitive training program on global cognition among people with mild cognitive impairment. METHODS: In this experimental study, using purposive sampling, 60 participants age 50 years and over who complained of subjective memory impairment were screened in their communities by public health volunteers with the Abbreviated Mental Test. Those with dementia were excluded as well as those with depression, which were screened out by the Thai Geriatric Depression Scale (TGDS-15)...
April 22, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723600/cognitive-training-with-action-related-verbs-induces-neural-plasticity-in-the-action-representation-system-as-assessed-by-gray-matter-brain-morphometry
#16
Marta Ghio, Matteo Locatelli, Andrea Tettamanti, Daniela Perani, Roberto Gatti, Marco Tettamanti
Embodied cognition theories of semantic memory still face the need for multiple sources of converging evidence in support of the involvement of sensory-motor systems in action-related knowledge. Previous studies showed that training manual actions improves semantic processing of verbs referring to the trained actions. The present work aimed to provide complementary evidence by measuring the brain plasticity effects of a cognitive training requiring sustained lexical-semantic processing of action-related verbs...
April 30, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721646/meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-computerized-cognitive-training-on-executive-functions-a-cross-disciplinary-taxonomy-for-classifying-outcome-cognitive-factors
#17
REVIEW
Shannon L Webb, Vanessa Loh, Amit Lampit, Joel E Bateman, Damian P Birney
The growing prevalence of neurodegenerative disorders associated with aging and cognitive decline has generated increasing cross-disciplinary interest in non-pharmacological interventions, such as computerized cognitive training (CCT), which may prevent or slow cognitive decline. However, inconsistent findings across meta-analytic reviews in the field suggest a lack of cross-disciplinary consensus and on-going debate regarding the benefits of CCT. We posit that a contributing factor is the lack of a theoretically-based taxonomy of constructs and representative tasks typically used...
May 3, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718969/is-prevention-better-than-cure-a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-well-being-interventions-for-military-personnel-adjusting-to-civilian-life
#18
Andreas Bauer, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Shannon Robalino, Jennifer Ferguson, Sarah Wigham
Exposure to stressful and potentially traumatic experiences is a risk for military personnel and for some this may increase susceptibility to reduced well-being. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of interventions to promote the well-being of military personnel adjusting to civilian life. Electronic databases were searched including MEDLINE, Embase, HMIC, PsycINFO, Pilots and CINAHL. Twelve articles, all conducted in the USA, were included in the review. Articles were synthesised narratively and assessed for bias against established criteria...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699895/association-between-increased-serum-d-serine-and-cognitive-gains-induced-by-intensive-cognitive-training-in-schizophrenia
#19
Rogerio Panizzutti, Melissa Fisher, Coleman Garrett, Wai Hong Man, Walter Sena, Caroline Madeira, Sophia Vinogradov
Neuroscience-guided cognitive training induces significant improvement in cognition in schizophrenia subjects, but the biological mechanisms associated with these changes are unknown. In animals, intensive cognitive activity induces increased brain levels of the NMDA-receptor co-agonist d-serine, a molecular system that plays a role in learning-induced neuroplasticity and that may be hypoactive in schizophrenia. Here, we investigated whether training-induced gains in cognition were associated with increases in serum d-serine in outpatients with schizophrenia...
April 23, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699574/a-longitudinal-study-on-how-implicit-attitudes-and-explicit-cognitions-synergistically-influence-physical-activity-intention-and-behavior
#20
Carolin Muschalik, Iman Elfeddali, Math J J M Candel, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Strategies to promote physical activity (PA) focus mainly on changing or fostering explicit cognitions and are only modestly effective. Contemporary studies suggest that, as well as explicit cognitions, implicit cognitions influence health behavior, such as PA, and that implicit processes interact with the intention to be active. Relatively little is known about whether implicit processes interact with other explicit cognitions which determine PA intention and behavior, i...
April 25, 2018: BMC Psychology
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