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"Cognitive training"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150296/structural-mri-based-measures-of-neuroplasticity-in-an-extended-amygdala-network-as-a-target-for-attention-bias-modification-treatment-outcome
#1
Jacob Aday, Joshua M Carlson
Increased attentional bias to threat has been identified as a causal mechanism in the development of anxiety. As such, attention bias modification (ABM) was conceived as a treatment option where anxiety is alleviated through a computerized cognitive training regimen that reduces an individual's attentional bias to threat. Although ABM appears to be a promising treatment option for anxiety, the mechanism of action by which the treatment is effective is unknown. We hypothesize that effective ABM treatment is associated with neuroplasticity-related structural changes in an extended amygdala - prefrontal cortex network that can be detected with standard T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141548/cognitive-training-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-findings-of-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Alessandro Trebbastoni, Letizia Imbriano, Livia Podda, Lidia Rendace, Maria Luisa Sacchetti, Alessandra Campanelli, Fabrizia D Antonio, Carlo de Lena
BACKGROUND: Cognitive training (CT) is a non-pharmacological intervention based on a set of tasks that reflect specific cognitive functions. CT is aimed at improving cognition in patients with cognitive impairment, though no definitive conclusions have yet been drawn on its efficacy in Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a CT program designed to improve cognition in AD patients. METHOD: This is a randomized, controlled, single-blind, longitudinal trial with a no-treatment control condition in mild-to-moderate AD...
November 12, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136094/effects-of-multidomain-lifestyle-intervention-omega-3-supplementation-or-their-combination-on-physical-activity-levels-in-older-adults-secondary-analysis-of-the-multidomain-alzheimer-preventive-trial-mapt-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Matteo Cesari, Charlotte Dupuy, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
Background/objectives: to investigate the effects of a 3-year multidomain lifestyle intervention, omega-3 supplementation or both on physical activity (PA) in older adults with subjective memory complaints. Design/settings/subjects: the Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial was a 3-year randomised controlled trial that enroled 1,680 community-dwelling adults aged 70 years or over, with subjective memory complaints. Participants were randomised to omega-3 supplementation (total daily dose of 800 mg docosahexanoic acid and up to 225 mg eicosapentanoic acid), multidomain intervention (nutritional and exercise counselling and cognitive training), omega-3 plus multidomain intervention or placebo with usual care...
November 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130020/what-do-we-know-from-clinical-trials-on-exercise-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Yong Shen, Rena Li
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia in elderly with major symptoms of a general term for memory loss and other intellectual abilities impairment which are serious enough to interfere with daily life. While there is no treatment can prevent and revise the cognitive function impairment in AD, physical activity becomes a potential beneficial intervention for AD. Multiple evidences suggested that exercise in general plays beneficial roles in improving brain function. Most common mechanisms of exercise-induced enhancement of brain function are including alteration of neurogenesis, neuron plasticity, neuronal signaling and receptors, as well as neuronal networks...
December 2016: Journal of Sport and Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129594/are-resting-state-spectral-power-measures-related-to-executive-functions-in-healthy-young-adults
#5
Shirley Gordon, Doron Todder, Inbal Deutsch, Dror Garbi, Nir Getter, Nachshon Meiran
Resting-state electroencephalogram (rsEEG) has been found to be associated with psychopathology, intelligence, problem solving, academic performance and is sometimes used as a supportive physiological indicator of enhancement in cognitive training interventions (e.g. neurofeedback, working memory training). In the current study, we measured rsEEG spectral power measures (relative power, between-band ratios and asymmetry) in one hundred sixty five young adults who were also tested on a battery of executive function (EF)...
November 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121545/higher-order-cognitive-training-effects-on-processing-speed-related-neural-activity-a-randomized-trial
#6
Michael A Motes, Uma S Yezhuvath, Sina Aslan, Jeffrey S Spence, Bart Rypma, Sandra B Chapman
Higher-order cognitive training has shown to enhance performance in older adults, but the neural mechanisms underlying performance enhancement have yet to be fully disambiguated. This randomized trial examined changes in processing speed and processing speed-related neural activity in older participants (57-71 years of age) who underwent cognitive training (CT, N = 12) compared with wait-listed (WLC, N = 15) or exercise-training active (AC, N = 14) controls. The cognitive training taught cognitive control functions of strategic attention, integrative reasoning, and innovation over 12 weeks...
October 12, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119954/-the-role-of-dosed-walking-in-the-combination-with-elements-of-cognitive-training-in-the-comprehensive-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
N A Zimushkina, P V Kosareva, V G Cherkasova
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of dosed physical exercises for the combined treatment of the patients presenting with mild to moderate dementia associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination involved 41 patients (32 women and 9 men) with the confirmed diagnosis of 'probable' AD with stages 1 and 2 of dementia and 17 healthy volunteers comprising the group of comparison. In all the patients, the neurological examination was supplemented by neuropsychological testing...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113468/hippocampal-cholinergic-neurostimulating-peptide-as-a-possible-modulating-factor-against-glutamatergic-neuronal-disability-by-amyloid-oligomers
#8
Toyohiro Sato, Yoshiaki Ohi, Daisuke Kato, Masayuki Mizuno, Hiroshi Takase, Tetsuko Kanamori, Cesar V Borlongan, Akira Haji, Noriyuki Matsukawa
Despite having pathological changes in the brain associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD), some patients have preserved cognitive function. A recent epidemiological study has shown that diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring interventions may reduce cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people in the general population. However, the details of molecular mechanisms underlying this cognitive function preservation are still unknown. Previous reports have demonstrated that enriched environments prevent the impairment of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) through β2-adrenergic signals, when LTP is incompletely suppressed by synthetic amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers...
September 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108888/the-effect-of-a-2-year-intervention-consisting-of-diet-physical-exercise-cognitive-training-and-monitoring-of-vascular-risk-on-chronic-morbidity-the-finger-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Alessandra Marengoni, Debora Rizzuto, Laura Fratiglioni, Riitta Antikainen, Tiina Laatikainen, Jenni Lehtisalo, Markku Peltonen, Hilkka Soininen, Timo Strandberg, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Miia Kivipelto, Tiia Ngandu
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether a multidomain intervention lowers the risk of developing new chronic diseases in older adults. METHODS: Multicenter, double-blind randomized controlled trial started in October 2009, with 2-year follow-up. A total of 1260 people aged 60 to 77 years were enrolled in the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER). Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to a 2-year multidomain intervention (n = 631) (nutritional guidance, exercise, cognitive training, and management of metabolic and vascular risk factors) or a control group (n = 629) (general health advice)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089914/development-and-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-training-game-for-older-people-a-design-based-approach
#10
Ming-Hsin Lu, Weijane Lin, Hsiu-Ping Yueh
In the research field of cognitive aging, games have gained attention as training interventions to remediate age-related deficits. Cognitive training games on computer, video and mobile platforms have shown ample and positive support. However, the generalized effects are not agreed upon unanimously, and the game tasks are usually simple and decontextualized due to the limitations of measurements. This study adopted a qualitative approach of design-based research (DBR) to systematically review and pragmatically examine the regime, presentation and feedback design of a cognitive training game for older adults...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089881/a-systematic-investigation-of-the-effect-of-action-observation-training-and-motor-imagery-training-on-the-development-of-mental-representation-structure-and-skill-performance
#11
Taeho Kim, Cornelia Frank, Thomas Schack
Action observation training and motor imagery training have independently been studied and considered as an effective training strategy for improving motor skill learning. However, comparative studies of the two training strategies are relatively few. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of action observation training and motor imagery training on the development of mental representation structure and golf putting performance as well as the relation between the changes in mental representation structure and skill performance during the early learning stage...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075965/video-content-analysis-of-surgical-procedures
#12
Constantinos Loukas
BACKGROUND: In addition to its therapeutic benefits, minimally invasive surgery offers the potential for video recording of the operation. The videos may be archived and used later for reasons such as cognitive training, skills assessment, and workflow analysis. Methods from the major field of video content analysis and representation are increasingly applied in the surgical domain. In this paper, we review recent developments and analyze future directions in the field of content-based video analysis of surgical operations...
October 26, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069519/increased-rostral-anterior-cingulate-activity-following-positive-mental-imagery-training-in-healthy-older-adults
#13
Susannah E Murphy, M Clare O'Donoghue, Simon E Blackwell, Anna Christina Nobre, Michael Browning, Emily A Holmes
The ability to form positive mental images may be an important aspect of mental health and wellbeing. We have previously demonstrated that the vividness of positive prospective imagery is increased in healthy older adults following positive imagery cognitive training. The rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) is involved in the simulation of future affective episodes. Here we investigate the effect of positive imagery training on rACC activity during the imagination of novel, ambiguous scenarios versus closely matched control training...
October 23, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069291/cognitive-effects-of-multi-domain-interventions-among-pre-frail-and-frail-community-living-older-persons-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Tze Pin Ng, Audrey Ling, Liang Feng, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mathew Niti, Boon Yeow Tan, Gribson Chan, Sue Anne Khoo, Sue Mei Chan, Philip Yap, Keng Bee Yap
Background: Cognitive, physical and nutritional interventions may produce different cognitive effects for different groups of older persons. We investigated simultaneously the cognitive outcomes of cognitive, physical and nutritional interventions singly and in combinations in older persons with the physical frailty phenotype at particular risk of cognitive decline. Method: Pre-frail and frail participants were randomly allocated to 24 weeks nutritional supplementation (N=49), physical training (N=48), cognitive training (N=50), combination intervention (N=49) or usual care control (N=50)...
October 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066293/the-mental-activity-and-exercise-max-trial-effects-on-physical-function-and-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-with-cognitive-complaints
#15
Laura E Middleton, Maria I Ventura, Wendy Santos-Modesitt, Gina Poelke, Kristine Yaffe, Deborah E Barnes
BACKGROUND: Older adults with cognitive complaints are vulnerable to dementia, physical impairments, and poor quality of life. Exercise and mental activity may improve physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) but combinations have not been investigated systematically. The Mental Activity and eXercise (MAX) trial found that mental activity plus exercise over 12weeks improved cognitive function (primary outcome) in sedentary older adults with cognitive complaints. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of combinations of two mental activity and exercise programs on physical function and HRQOL (secondary outcomes)...
October 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062276/enhancing-innovation-and-underlying-neural-mechanisms-via-cognitive-training-in-healthy-older-adults
#16
Sandra B Chapman, Jeffrey S Spence, Sina Aslan, Molly W Keebler
Non-invasive interventions, such as cognitive training (CT) and physical exercise, are gaining momentum as ways to augment both cognitive and brain function throughout life. One of the most fundamental yet little studied aspects of human cognition is innovative thinking, especially in older adults. In this study, we utilize a measure of innovative cognition that examines both the quantity and quality of abstracted interpretations. This randomized pilot trial in cognitively normal adults (56-75 years) compared the effect of cognitive reasoning training (SMART) on innovative cognition as measured by Multiple Interpretations Measure (MIM)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060942/family-and-home-in-cognitive-rehabilitation-after-brain-injury-the-importance-of-family-oriented-interventions
#17
Camilla Wulf-Andersen, Jesper Mogensen
Acquired brain injury (ABI) severely affects both the injured patient and her/his family. This fact alone calls for a therapeutic approach addressing not only the individual victim of ABI but also her/his family. Additionally, the optimal outcome of posttraumatic cognitive rehabilitation may be best obtained by supplementing the institution-based cognitive training with home-based training. Moving cognitive training and other therapeutic interventions into the home environment does, however, constitute an additional challenge to the family structure and psychological wellbeing of all family members...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060017/feasibility-study-on-the-assessment-of-auditory-sustained-attention-through-walking-motor-parameters-in-mild-cognitive-impairments-and-healthy-subjects
#18
L Fiorini, M Maselli, E Castro, S Tocchini, M T Sportiello, C Laschi, F Cecchi, F Cavallo
Dementia and other cognitive disorders affect more than 35 million people worldwide. Over the last years, cognitive training tools were used to improve the brain functioning, thus to slow down the cognitive decline. Recently, research studies have demonstrated that aerobic exercise could play an important restorative role toward cognitive impairments. Therefore, the aim of this work is to present an innovative sensorized approach which combines aerobic exercise and traditional cognitive tools for daily training...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053684/remotely-supervised-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-an-update-on-safety-and-tolerability
#19
Michael T Shaw, Margaret Kasschau, Bryan Dobbs, Natalie Pawlak, William Pau, Kathleen Sherman, Marom Bikson, Abhishek Datta, Leigh E Charvet
The remotely supervised tDCS (RS-tDCS) protocol enables participation from home through guided and monitored self-administration of tDCS treatment while maintaining clinical standards. The current consensus regarding the efficacy of tDCS is that multiple treatment sessions are needed to observe targeted behavioral reductions in symptom burden. However, the requirement for patients to travel to clinic daily for stimulation sessions presents a major obstacle for potential participants, due to work or family obligations or limited ability to travel...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046634/cognitive-training-enhances-auditory-attention-efficiency-in-older-adults
#20
Jennifer L O'Brien, Jennifer J Lister, Bernadette A Fausto, Gregory K Clifton, Jerri D Edwards
Auditory cognitive training (ACT) improves attention in older adults; however, the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms are still unknown. The present study examined the effects of ACT on the P3b event-related potential reflecting attention allocation (amplitude) and speed of processing (latency) during stimulus categorization and the P1-N1-P2 complex reflecting perceptual processing (amplitude and latency). Participants completed an auditory oddball task before and after 10 weeks of ACT (n = 9) or a no contact control period (n = 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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