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"Cognitive training"

C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
OBJECTIVES: The association between schizophrenia and violence represents an important issue in psychiatry. Often highly publicized, violent acts raise the question of their detection, prevention, management and treatment. There is no single, direct and exclusive link between aggressiveness and the underlying psychiatric disorder. On the contrary, the processes underlying this violence are multiple and interlinked. In addition to static and dynamic risk factors, cognitive deficits play an important role in the genesis and maintenance of violent and aggressive behavior...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
Ken-Ichi Tabei, Masayuki Satoh, Jun-Ichi Ogawa, Tomoko Tokita, Noriko Nakaguchi, Koji Nakao, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
Findings from previous studies suggest that physical exercise combined with cognitive training produces more positive effects on cognitive function in elderly people than physical exercise alone. However, the brain plasticity associated with these proposed benefits of combined therapy has not yet been investigated in elderly subjects. We hypothesized that the dual task group would experience greater benefits than the physical exercise alone and non-exercise control groups with regard to both cognitive function and brain plasticity...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Alessandra Del Felice, Marzia Alderighi, Matteo Martinato, Davide Grisafi, Anna Bosco, Pamela J Thompson, Josemir W Sander, Stefano Masiero
People with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who have not undergone epilepsy surgery often complain of memory deficits. Cognitive rehabilitation is employed as a remedial intervention in clinical settings, but research is limited and findings concerning efficacy and the criteria for choosing different approaches have been inconsistent. We aimed to appraise existing evidence on memory rehabilitation in nonsurgical individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy and to ascertain the effectiveness of specific strategies. A scoping review was preferred given the heterogeneous nature of the interventions...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Paul Clarkson, Jane Hughes, Chengqiu Xie, Matthew Larbey, Brenda Roe, Clarissa M Giebel, David Jolley, David Challis
AIM: To synthesise evidence to identify the components of effective psychosocial interventions in dementia care to inform clinical practice, policy and research. BACKGROUND: With population ageing dementia represents a significant care challenge with 60% of people with dementia living at home. DESIGN: Overview of systematic reviews with narrative summary. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of published systematic reviews in English using Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, DARE, EPPI-Centre, between September 2013 - April 2014...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Valeria Dibilio, Alessandra Nicoletti, Giovanni Mostile, Giacomo Portaro, Antonina Luca, Francesco Patti, Mario Zappia
BACKGROUND: In Parkinson's Disease (PD), effects of a cognitive training have been systematically evaluated only for cognitive and behavioral outcome measures, with mild to moderate effects. Despite the demonstrated interplay between cognition and gait, no studies have investigated the effect of cognitive rehabilitation protocols on gait in PD. METHODS: Patients affected by PD with freezing of gait were treated twice a week for six weeks with one hour sessions of computer-assisted training of attention ability and information processing tasks...
June 9, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Yuliya N Yoncheva, Kristina K Hardy, Daniel J Lurie, Krishna Somandepalli, Lanbo Yang, Gilbert Vezina, Nadja Kadom, Roger J Packer, Michael P Milham, F Xavier Castellanos, Maria T Acosta
In this pilot study, we examined training effects of a computerized working memory program on resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measures in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). We contrasted pre- with post-training resting state fMRI and cognitive measures from 16 participants (nine males; 11.1 ± 2.3 years) with NF1 and documented working memory difficulties. Using non-parametric permutation test inference, we found significant regionally specific differences (family-wise error corrected) in two of four voxel-wise resting state measures: fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuations (indexing peak-to-trough intensity of spontaneous oscillations) and regional homogeneity (indexing local intrinsic synchrony)...
June 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Iseult A Cremen, Richard G Carson
In the past decade, there has emerged a vast research literature dealing with attempts to harness brain plasticity in older adults, with a view to improving cognitive function. Since cognitive training (CT) has shown restricted utility in this regard, attention has increasingly turned to interventions that use adjunct procedures such as motor training or physical activity (PA). As evidence builds that these have some efficacy, it becomes necessary to ensure that the outcome measures being used to infer causal influence upon cognitive function are subjected to appropriate critical appraisal...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Remi Stevelink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Dorina Kallogjeri, Jay F Piccirillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Christina Ledbetter, Amy Lawson Moore, Tanya Mitchell
Cognitive rehabilitation training is a promising technique for remediating the cognitive deficits associated with brain injury. Extant research is dominated by computer-based interventions with varied results. Results from clinician-delivered cognitive rehabilitation are notably lacking in the literature. The current study examined the cognitive outcomes following ThinkRx, a clinician-delivered cognitive rehabilitation training program for soldiers recovering from traumatic brain injury and acquired brain injury...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Blake J Lawrence, Natalie Gasson, Romola S Bucks, Lakkhina Troeung, Andrea M Loftus
BACKGROUND: Many people with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience cognitive decline. It is not known whether cognitive training or noninvasive brain stimulation are effective at alleviating cognitive deficits in PD. OBJECTIVE: To examine cognitive training and non-invasive brain stimulation interventions for cognition in PD. METHODS: An extensive search was conducted of published and unpublished studies in online databases. Studies were selected if they were controlled trials examining standard (not individualized) or tailored (individualized) cognitive training, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), or transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in PD, with outcomes measured by standardized neuropsychological tests...
June 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
A R Giovagnoli, V Manfredi, A Parente, L Schifano, S Oliveri, G Avanzini
This controlled randomized single-blind study evaluated the effects of cognitive training (CT), compared to active music therapy (AMT) and neuroeducation (NE), on initiative in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD). Secondarily, we explored the effects of CT on episodic memory, mood, and social relationships. Thirty-nine AD patients were randomly assigned to CT, AMT, or NE. Each treatment lasted 3 months. Before, at the end, and 3 months after treatment, neuropsychological tests and self-rated scales assessed initiative, episodic memory, depression, anxiety, and social relationships...
June 2, 2017: Neurological Sciences
Marian Tzuang, Jocelynn T Owusu, Adam P Spira, Marilyn S Albert, George W Rebok
Purpose of the Study: Interest in cognitive training for healthy older adults to reduce cognitive decline has grown considerably over the past few decades. Given the shift toward a more diverse society, the purpose of this review is to examine the extent of race/ethnic minority participation in cognitive training studies and characteristics of studies that included race/ethnic minority participants. Design and Methods: This review considered peer-reviewed studies reporting cognitive training studies for cognitively healthy, community-dwelling older adults (age 55+) in the United States published in English before December 31, 2015...
May 30, 2017: Gerontologist
N A Zimushkina, P V Kosareva, V G Cherkasova
The dosed walking efficacy with including the cognitive training as the component of complex therapy of mild and moderate dementia was examined in elderly patients with the probable Alzheimer's disease and mixed dementia. It was stated that dosed walking with cognitive training interventions improved cognitive performance in patients with probable Alzheimer's disease to a greater extent as compared to a single medical therapy and patients with mixed dementia probably due to severe structural changes of the brain...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
Magdaléna Hagovská, Oliver Dzvoník, Zuzana Olekszyová
The aim of the current study was to compare the effectiveness of two types of cognitive training in 60 older adults with mild cognitive impairment by assessing the impact on functional activities, quality of life (QOL), and various cognitive functions. The primary outcomes were functional activity level and QOL. The secondary outcome was cognitive examination. Group assignment was random. Group A (n = 30) underwent CogniPlus, a computer-based, cognitive training. Group B (n = 30) underwent classical group-based cognitive training...
May 30, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
R M Jimenez-Morales, L F Herrera-Jimenez, Y Macias-Delgado, Y T Perez-Medinilla, S M Diaz-Diaz, C Forn
INTRODUCTION: The scientific evidences associated to the effectiveness of different techniques of cognitive rehabilitation are still contradictory. AIM: To compare a program of combined training (physical and cognitive) in front of a program of physical training and to observe their effectiveness about the optimization of the cognitive functions in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: It was carried out an experimental study in 32 patients with MS...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
Donald S Lipardo, Anne Marie C Aseron, Marcella M Kwan, William W N Tsang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of exercise and cognitive training on falls reduction and on factors known to be associated with falls among community-dwelling older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). DATA SOURCES: Seven databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ProQuest, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, and Digital Dissertation Consortium) and reference lists of pertinent articles were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of exercise, cognitive training or combination of both on falls and factors associated with falls such as balance, lower limb muscle strength, gait and cognitive function among community-dwelling older adults with MCI were included...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Lesley A Ross, Briana N Sprague, Christine B Phillips, Melissa L O'Connor, Joan E Dodson
OBJECTIVE: Physical functioning is closely associated with cognition. The current study assessed the impact of three cognitive training programs on objective measures of physical functioning across 5 years. METHOD: Older adults randomized to a processing speed ( n = 702), reasoning ( n = 694), or memory ( n = 703) training intervention were compared with those randomized to a no-contact control condition ( n = 698). Intention-to-treat (ITT) and treatment-received/dosage (time-varying number of training sessions) analyses were conducted...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Susanne Clinch, Monica Busse, Mate D Döbrössy, Stephen B Dunnett
Over the last decade, neural transplantation has emerged as one of the more promising, albeit highly experimental, potential therapeutics in neurodegenerative disease. Preclinical studies in rat lesion models of Huntington's disease (HD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) have shown that transplanted precursor neuronal tissue from a fetus into the lesioned striatum can survive, integrate, and reconnect circuitry. Importantly, specific training on behavioral tasks that target striatal function is required to encourage functional integration of the graft to the host tissue...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
Ramón López-Higes, Inmaculada C Rodríguez-Rojo, José M Prados, Pedro Montejo, David Del-Río, María Luisa Delgado-Losada, Mercedes Montenegro, David López-Sanz, Ana Barabash
BACKGROUND: Most research points to the ɛ4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene as the most recognizable genetic risk factor associated with Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. It has been also suggested that the APOEɛ4 allele has a negative influence on cognitive functioning, which begins long before cognitive impairment becomes manifest. However, still, little is known about the APOEɛ4 interaction with cognitive intervention programs. OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this study was to explore whether there was a differential APOE genotype modulation effect after cognitive training in different domains, such as language comprehension, executive functions, and memory...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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