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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100291/systematic-review-of-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-for-prospective-memory-deficits-as-a-consequence-of-acquired-brain-injury
#1
Steven Mahan, Rebecca Rous, Anna Adlam
OBJECTIVES: Prospective memory (PM) impairments are common following acquired brain injury (ABI). PM is the ability to keep a goal in mind for future action and interventions have the potential to increase independence. This review aimed to evaluate studies examining PM rehabilitation approaches in adults and children with ABI. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified using PsycARTICLES (1894 to present), PsycINFO (1880 to present), the Cochrane Library (1972 to present), MEDLINE PubMed, reference lists from relevant journal articles, and searches of key journals...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095900/post-stroke-dementia-a-comprehensive-review
#2
REVIEW
Milija D Mijajlović, Aleksandra Pavlović, Michael Brainin, Wolf-Dieter Heiss, Terence J Quinn, Hege B Ihle-Hansen, Dirk M Hermann, Einor Ben Assayag, Edo Richard, Alexander Thiel, Efrat Kliper, Yong-Il Shin, Yun-Hee Kim, SeongHye Choi, San Jung, Yeong-Bae Lee, Osman Sinanović, Deborah A Levine, Ilana Schlesinger, Gillian Mead, Vuk Milošević, Didier Leys, Guri Hagberg, Marie Helene Ursin, Yvonne Teuschl, Semyon Prokopenko, Elena Mozheyko, Anna Bezdenezhnykh, Karl Matz, Vuk Aleksić, DafinFior Muresanu, Amos D Korczyn, Natan M Bornstein
Post-stroke dementia (PSD) or post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) may affect up to one third of stroke survivors. Various definitions of PSCI and PSD have been described. We propose PSD as a label for any dementia following stroke in temporal relation. Various tools are available to screen and assess cognition, with few PSD-specific instruments. Choice will depend on purpose of assessment, with differing instruments needed for brief screening (e.g., Montreal Cognitive Assessment) or diagnostic formulation (e...
January 18, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092015/enhancing-cognitive-functioning-in-healthly-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-significance-of-commercially-available-computerized-cognitive-training-in-preventing-cognitive-decline
#3
REVIEW
Tejal M Shah, Michael Weinborn, Giuseppe Verdile, Hamid R Sohrabi, Ralph N Martins
Successfully assisting older adults to maintain or improve cognitive function, particularly when they are dealing with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), remains a major challenge. Cognitive training may stimulate neuroplasticity thereby increasing cognitive and brain reserve. Commercial brain training programs are computerized, readily-available, easy-to-administer and adaptive but often lack supportive data and their clinical validation literature has not been previously reviewed...
January 14, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087236/determination-of-the-feasibility-of-a-multicomponent-intervention-program-to-prevent-delirium-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-modified-rand-delphi-study
#4
Annelies Wassenaar, Mark van den Boogaard, Underpin-Icu Study Group, Lisette Schoonhoven, Peter Pickkers
BACKGROUND: Delirium is common in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients and associated with poor outcome. In non-ICU patients a multicomponent intervention program with non-pharmacological interventions has shown to reduce delirium. Currently, there is insufficient evidence regarding the effects of such a program in ICU patients. We developed a draft program based on a review. As most studies were conducted in non-ICU patients, the feasibility of the program in ICU patients needs to be assessed before investigating its effectiveness...
January 10, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086759/urinary-incontinence-and-its-association-with-functional-physical-and-cognitive-health-among-female-nursing-home-residents-in-switzerland
#5
Lea F Schumpf, Nathan Theill, David A Scheiner, Daniel Fink, Florian Riese, Cornelia Betschart
BACKGROUND: Specific knowledge of urinary incontinence (UI) and its interrelation with physical and cognitive health is essential to working towards prevention of UI and to improving quality of treatment and care. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between UI and the activities of daily living (ADL) hierarchy scale, the cognitive performance scale (CPS) and comorbid conditions. METHODS: The cross-sectional retrospective analysis of 357 nursing homes in Switzerland was based on data of the Minimum Data Set of the Resident Assessment Instrument 2...
January 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074268/cognitive-deficits-in-patients-with-a-chronic-vestibular-failure
#6
Pauline Popp, Melanie Wulff, Kathrin Finke, Maxine Rühl, Thomas Brandt, Marianne Dieterich
Behavioral studies in rodents and humans have demonstrated deficits of spatial memory and orientation in bilateral vestibular failure (BVF). Our aim was to explore the functional consequences of chronic vestibular failure on different cognitive domains including spatial as well as non-spatial cognitive abilities. Sixteen patients with a unilateral vestibular failure (UVF), 18 patients with a BVF, and 17 healthy controls (HC) participated in the study. To assess the cognitive domains of short-term memory, executive function, processing speed and visuospatial abilities the following tests were used: Theory of Visual Attention (TVA), TAP Alertness and Visual Scanning, the Stroop Color-Word, and the Corsi Block Tapping Test...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068954/cognitively-and-physically-demanding-exergaming-to-improve-executive-functions-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#7
Valentin Benzing, Mirko Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders observed in childhood and adolescence. Its key symptoms - reduced attention, poor control of impulses as well as increased motor activity - are associated with decreased executive functions performance, finally affecting academic achievement. Although drug treatments usually show some effect, alternative treatments are continually being sought, due to lack of commitment and possible side effects...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063401/affective-false-memories-in-dementia-of-alzheimer-s-type
#8
Beth Fairfield, Mirco Colangelo, Nicola Mammarella, Alberto Di Domenico, Cesare Cornoldi
This study examined the production of inferential false memories for complex pictorial stimuli and the implications of affective content in Alzheimer's disease (AD). A group of 24 AD patients and a group of 24 healthy older adults studied a sequence of pictures depicting stories that included positive, negative or neutral consequences of an unseen action, and then completed an old-new picture recognition test. The number of causal errors was higher in healthy older adults compared to AD patients but affective content attenuated the effect...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057452/stimulating-cognition-in-schizophrenia-a-controlled-pilot-study-of-the-effects-of-prefrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-upon-memory-and-learning
#9
Natasza D Orlov, Derek K Tracy, Daniel Joyce, Shinal Patel, Joanna Rodzinka-Pasko, Hayley Dolan, John Hodsoll, Tracy Collier, John Rothwell, Sukhwinder S Shergill
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is characterized by prominent cognitive deficits, impacting on memory and learning; these are strongly associated with the prefrontal cortex. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To combine two interventions, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the prefrontal cortex and cognitive training, to examine change in cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A double blind, sham-controlled pilot study of 49 patients with schizophrenia, randomized into real or sham tDCS stimulation groups...
December 28, 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045857/quantitative-eeg-after-brain-stimulation-and-cognitive-training-in-alzheimer-disease
#10
Revital Gandelman-Marton, Sergio Aichenbaum, Evgenya Dobronevsky, Michael Khaigrekht, Jose M Rabey
PURPOSE: Medications are the currently accepted symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer disease (AD), but their impact on delaying the progression of cognitive deficits and functional impairment is limited. The authors aimed to explore long-term electrophysiological effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation interlaced with cognitive training on quantitative electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with AD. METHODS: Quantitative EEG was assessed on non-repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation interlaced with cognitive training treatment days before treatment and after each treatment phase in seven patients with mild AD...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045051/randomized-trial-on-the-effects-of-a-combined-physical-cognitive-training-in-aged-mci-subjects-the-train-the-brain-study
#11
(no author information available yet)
Age-related cognitive impairment and dementia are an increasing societal burden. Epidemiological studies indicate that lifestyle factors, e.g. physical, cognitive and social activities, correlate with reduced dementia risk; moreover, positive effects on cognition of physical/cognitive training have been found in cognitively unimpaired elders. Less is known about effectiveness and action mechanisms of physical/cognitive training in elders already suffering from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), a population at high risk for dementia...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035922/a-preliminary-study-on-the-feasibility-of%C3%A2-using-a-virtual-reality-cognitive-training-application-for-remote-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment
#12
Stelios Zygouris, Konstantinos Ntovas, Dimitrios Giakoumis, Konstantinos Votis, Stefanos Doumpoulakis, Sofia Segkouli, Charalampos Karagiannidis, Dimitrios Tzovaras, Magda Tsolaki
BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that virtual reality (VR) applications can be used for the detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to provide a preliminary investigation on whether a VR cognitive training application can be used to detect MCI in persons using the application at home without the help of an examiner. METHODS: Two groups, one of healthy older adults (n = 6) and one of MCI patients (n = 6) were recruited from Thessaloniki day centers for cognitive disorders and provided with a tablet PC with custom software enabling the self-administration of the Virtual Super Market (VSM) cognitive training exercise...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031039/attention-training-for-infants-at-familial-risk-of-adhd-interstaars-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Amy Goodwin, Simona Salomone, Patrick Bolton, Tony Charman, Emily J H Jones, Andrew Pickles, Emily Robinson, Tim Smith, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke, Sam Wass, Mark H Johnson
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder that can negatively impact on an individual's quality of life. It is pathophysiologically complex and heterogeneous with different neuropsychological processes being impaired in different individuals. Executive function deficits, including those affecting attention, working memory and inhibitory control, are common. Cognitive training has been promoted as a treatment option, based on the notion that by strengthening the neurocognitive networks underlying these executive processes, ADHD symptoms will also be reduced...
December 28, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028465/the-effect-of-cognitive-training-on-the-subjective-perception-of-well-being-in-older-adults
#14
Vladimír Bureš, Pavel Čech, Jaroslava Mikulecká, Daniela Ponce, Kamil Kuca
BACKGROUND: There is a growing number of studies indicating the major consequences of the subjective perception of well-being on mental health and healthcare use. However, most of the cognitive training research focuses more on the preservation of cognitive function than on the implications of the state of well-being. This secondary analysis of data from a randomised controlled trial investigated the effects of individualised television-based cognitive training on self-rated well-being using the WHO-5 index while considering gender and education as influencing factors...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017130/exercise-induced-neuroplasticity-to-enhance-therapeutic-outcomes-of-cognitive-remediation-in-schizophrenia-analyzing-the-role-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#15
Carlos Campos, Nuno Bf Rocha, Antonio E Nardi, Eduardo Lattari, Sergio Machado
Cognitive impairment is a major manifestation of schizophrenia and a crucial treatment target as these deficits are closely related to patients' functional outcomes. Cognitive remediation is the gold-standard practice to address cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. There is clear evidence stating that cognitive remediation improves cognitive function and promotes structural neuroplastic changes in patients with schizophrenia, with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression emerging as a potential biomarker for its efficacy...
December 23, 2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012843/validation-of-a-novel-cognitive-simulator-for-orbital-floor-reconstruction
#16
Renata Khelemsky, Brianna Hill, Daniel Buchbinder
PURPOSE: The increasing focus on patient safety in current medical practice has promoted the development of surgical simulation technology in the form of virtual reality (VR) training designed largely to improve technical skills and less so for nontechnical aspects of surgery such as decision making and material knowledge. The present study investigated the validity of a novel cognitive VR simulator called Touch Surgery for a core maxillofacial surgical procedure: orbital floor reconstruction (OFR)...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006029/modular-brain-network-organization-predicts-response-to-cognitive-training-in-older-adults
#17
Courtney L Gallen, Pauline L Baniqued, Sandra B Chapman, Sina Aslan, Molly Keebler, Nyaz Didehbani, Mark D'Esposito
Cognitive training interventions are a promising approach to mitigate cognitive deficits common in aging and, ultimately, to improve functioning in older adults. Baseline neural factors, such as properties of brain networks, may predict training outcomes and can be used to improve the effectiveness of interventions. Here, we investigated the relationship between baseline brain network modularity, a measure of the segregation of brain sub-networks, and training-related gains in cognition in older adults. We found that older adults with more segregated brain sub-networks (i...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998876/the-use-and-effectiveness-of-mobile-apps-for-depression-results-from-a-fully-remote-clinical-trial
#18
Patricia A Arean, Kevin A Hallgren, Joshua T Jordan, Adam Gazzaley, David C Atkins, Patrick J Heagerty, Joaquin A Anguera
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps for mental health have the potential to overcome access barriers to mental health care, but there is little information on whether patients use the interventions as intended and the impact they have on mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to document and compare use patterns and clinical outcomes across the United States between 3 different self-guided mobile apps for depression. METHODS: Participants were recruited through Web-based advertisements and social media and were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 mood apps...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991840/how-to-train-an-injured-brain-a-pilot-feasibility-study-of-home-based-computerized-cognitive-training
#19
Helena Verhelst, Catharine Vander Linden, Guy Vingerhoets, Karen Caeyenberghs
OBJECTIVE: Computerized cognitive training programs have previously shown to be effective in improving cognitive abilities in patients suffering from traumatic brain injury (TBI). These studies often focused on a single cognitive function or required expensive hardware, making it difficult to be used in a home-based environment. This pilot feasibility study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a newly developed, home-based, computerized cognitive training program for adolescents who suffered from TBI...
December 19, 2016: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990326/brain-mechanisms-of-change-in-addictions-treatment-models-methods-and-emerging-findings
#20
Tammy Chung, Antonio Noronha, Kathleen M Carroll, Marc N Potenza, Kent Hutchison, Vince D Calhoun, John D E Gabrieli, Jon Morgenstern, Sara Jo Nixon, Bruce E Wexler, Judson Brewer, Lara Ray, Francesca Filbey, Timothy J Strauman, Hedy Kober, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
Increased understanding of "how" and "for whom" treatment works at the level of the brain has potential to transform addictions treatment through the development of innovative neuroscience-informed interventions. The 2015 Science of Change meeting bridged the fields of neuroscience and psychotherapy research to identify brain mechanisms of behavior change that are "common" across therapies, and "specific" to distinct behavioral interventions. Conceptual models of brain mechanisms underlying effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, mindfulness interventions, and Motivational Interviewing were discussed...
September 2016: Current Addiction Reports
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