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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329859/the-impact-of-three-cognitive-training-programs-on-driving-cessation-across-10-years-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Lesley A Ross, Sara A Freed, Jerri D Edwards, Christine B Phillips, Karlene Ball
Purpose of the Study: Driving is important for older adults' health and well-being, yet little research has examined interventions to maintain driving mobility. As fluid cognitive abilities are strongly linked to driving, targeted cognitive training interventions may impact driving mobility longitudinally. This study assessed the effects of three different cognitive training programs (reasoning, speed of processing, and memory) on driving cessation in older adults across 10 years (n = 2,390)...
October 10, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326042/examining-the-roles-of-reasoning-and-working-memory-in-predicting-casual-game-performance-across-extended-gameplay
#2
Michael B Kranz, Pauline L Baniqued, Michelle W Voss, Hyunkyu Lee, Arthur F Kramer
The variety and availability of casual video games presents an exciting opportunity for applications such as cognitive training. Casual games have been associated with fluid abilities such as working memory (WM) and reasoning, but the importance of these cognitive constructs in predicting performance may change across extended gameplay and vary with game structure. The current investigation examined the relationship between cognitive abilities and casual game performance over time by analyzing first and final session performance over 4-5 weeks of game play...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326024/the-role-of-cognitive-control-in-older-adult-cognitive-reappraisal-detached-and-positive-reappraisal
#3
Ying Liang, Meng Huo, Robert Kennison, Renlai Zhou
Older adults are more likely to regulate their emotions by engaging in cognitive reappraisal. However, depending on the type of cognitive reappraisal used, efforts to regulate emotions are sometimes met with success and other times with failure. It has been suggested the well-known age-related decline in cognitive control might be the culprit behind the poor use of detached reappraisal by older adults. However, this possibility has not been thoroughly investigated. In addition, studies have not examined what aspects of cognitive control- shifting, updating or inhibition-might be relevant to cognitive reappraisal...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324119/the-impact-of-cognitive-training-in-substance-use-disorder-the-effect-of-working-memory-training-on-impulse-control-in-methamphetamine-users
#4
Samantha J Brooks, L Wiemerslage, K H Burch, S A Maiorana, E Cocolas, H B Schiöth, K Kamaloodien, D J Stein
OBJECTIVES: Impulsivity is a vulnerability trait for poor self-regulation in substance use disorder (SUD). Working memory (WM) training improves impulsivity and self-regulation in psychiatric disorders. Here we test WM training in methamphetamine use disorder (MUD). METHODS: There are 15 MUD patients receiving inpatient treatment as usual (TAU) and 20 who additionally completed WM cognitive training (CT) and 25 healthy controls (HC). MANCOVA repeated measures analyses examined changes in impulsivity and self-regulation at baseline and after 4 weeks...
March 21, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323202/enhanced-structural-connectivity-within-a-brain-sub-network-supporting-working-memory-and-engagement-processes-after-cognitive-training
#5
Francisco J Román, Yasser Iturria-Medina, Kenia Martínez, Sherif Karama, Miguel Burgaleta, Alan C Evans, Susanne M Jaeggi, Roberto Colom
The structural connectome provides relevant information about experience and training-related changes in the brain. Here, we used network-based statistics (NBS) and graph theoretical analyses to study structural changes in the brain as a function of cognitive training. Fifty-six young women were divided in two groups (experimental and control). We assessed their cognitive function before and after completing a working memory intervention using a comprehensive battery that included fluid and crystallized abilities, working memory and attention control, and we also obtained structural MRI images...
March 16, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319192/correction-modular-brain-network-organization-predicts-response-to-cognitive-training-in-older-adults
#6
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169015.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316267/efficacy-of-a-computer-based-cognitive-training-program-in-older-people-with-subjective-memory-complaints-a-randomized-study
#7
Angela J Pereira-Morales, Andrés F Cruz Salinas, Jairo Aponte Melo, Francisco Pereira Manrique
OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of computer-assisted cognitive training in healthy older adults with subjective memory complaints. METHODS: 40 older adults, mean age (standard Deviation) = 66.4 (5.6) with subjective memory complaints, were included in this study. Participants were randomly assigned to an Integrated Psychostimulation Program (IPP) (N = 17), a Computerized Cognitive Training (CCT) (N = 12) or a control group (N = 11)...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304312/cognitive-rehabilitation-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-controlled-intervention-trial
#8
Katharina Brueggen, Elisabeth Kasper, Sina Ochmann, Henrike Pfaff, Steffi Webel, Wolfgang Schneider, Stefan Teipel
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Rehabilitation for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an integrative multimodal intervention. It aims to maintain autonomy and quality of life by enhancing the patients' abilities to compensate for decreased cognitive functioning. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the feasibility of a group-based Cognitive Rehabilitation approach in mild AD dementia and assessed its effect on activities of daily living (ADL). METHODS: We included 16 patients with AD dementia in a controlled partial-randomized design...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304092/mediation-of-cognitive-function-improvements-by-strength-gains-after-resistance-training-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-outcomes-of-the-study-of-mental-and-resistance-training
#9
Yorgi Mavros, Nicola Gates, Guy C Wilson, Nidhi Jain, Jacinda Meiklejohn, Henry Brodaty, Wei Wen, Nalin Singh, Bernhard T Baune, Chao Suo, Michael K Baker, Nasim Foroughi, Yi Wang, Perminder S Sachdev, Michael Valenzuela, Maria A Fiatarone Singh
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether improvements in aerobic capacity (VO2peak ) and strength after progressive resistance training (PRT) mediate improvements in cognitive function. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, double-sham, controlled trial. SETTING: University research facility. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥55) with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (N = 100). INTERVENTION: PRT and cognitive training (CT), 2 to 3 days per week for 6 months...
March 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303728/how-can-we-overcome-neuropsychological-adverse-effects-of-antiepileptic-drugs
#10
Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter
Antiepileptic pharmacotherapy can have a negative or positive impact on cognition and behavior. Besides individual susceptibilities (in terms of idiosyncratic reactions), the risk of adverse drug effects largely depends on treatment decisions. Therefore practical strategies to prevent neuropsychological side effects comprise (1.) selecting antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) with superior neuropsychological side effect profiles, (2.) restricting the individual drug load (target doses and number of concurrent AEDs), (3...
March 17, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293188/evidence-for-narrow-transfer-after-short-term-cognitive-training-in-older-adults
#11
Dustin J Souders, Walter R Boot, Kenneth Blocker, Thomas Vitale, Nelson A Roque, Neil Charness
The degree to which "brain training" can improve general cognition, resulting in improved performance on tasks dissimilar from the trained tasks (transfer of training), is a controversial topic. Here, we tested the degree to which cognitive training, in the form of gamified training activities that have demonstrated some degree of success in the past, might result in broad transfer. Sixty older adults were randomly assigned to a gamified cognitive training intervention or to an active control condition that involved playing word and number puzzle games...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293187/comparison-of-cognitive-change-after-working-memory-training-and-logic-and-planning-training-in-healthy-older-adults
#12
Vina M Goghari, Linette Lawlor-Savage
Recent attention has focused on the benefits of cognitive training in healthy adults. Many commercial cognitive training programs are available given the attraction of not only bettering one's cognitive capacity, but also potentially preventing age-related declines, which is of particular interest to older adults. The issue of whether cognitive training can improve performance within cognitive domains not trained (i.e., far transfer) is controversial, with meta-analyses of cognitive training both supporting and falsifying this claim...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281111/validation-of-the-mobile-serious-game-application-touch-surgery%C3%A2-for-cognitive-training-and-assessment-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#13
Karl-Friedrich Kowalewski, Jonathan D Hendrie, Mona W Schmidt, Tanja Proctor, Sai Paul, Carly R Garrow, Hannes G Kenngott, Beat P Müller-Stich, Felix Nickel
BACKGROUND: Touch Surgery(™) (TS) is a serious gaming application for cognitive task simulation and rehearsal of key steps in surgical procedures. The aim was to establish face, content, and construct validity of TS for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Furthermore, learning curves with TS and a virtual reality (VR) trainer were compared in a randomized trial. METHODS: The performance of medical students and general surgeons was compared for all three modules of LC in TS to establish construct validity...
March 9, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280465/activating-developmental-reserve-capacity-via-cognitive-training-or-non-invasive-brain-stimulation-potentials-for-promoting-fronto-parietal-and-hippocampal-striatal-network-functions-in-old-age
#14
REVIEW
Susanne Passow, Franka Thurm, Shu-Chen Li
Existing neurocomputational and empirical data link deficient neuromodulation of the fronto-parietal and hippocampal-striatal circuitries with aging-related increase in processing noise and declines in various cognitive functions. Specifically, the theory of aging neuronal gain control postulates that aging-related suboptimal neuromodulation may attenuate neuronal gain control, which yields computational consequences on reducing the signal-to-noise-ratio of synaptic signal transmission and hampering information processing within and between cortical networks...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275347/cognitive-training-sustainably-improves-executive-functioning-in-middle-aged-industry-workers-assessed-by-task-switching-a-randomized-controlled-erp-study
#15
Patrick D Gajewski, Gabriele Freude, Michael Falkenstein
Recently, we reported results of a cross-sectional study investigating executive functions in dependence of aging and type of work. That study showed deficits in performance and electrophysiological activity in middle-aged workers with long-term repetitive and unchallenging work. Based on these findings, we conducted a longitudinal study that aimed at ameliorating these cognitive deficits by means of a trainer-guided cognitive training (CT) in 57 further middle-aged workers with repetitive type of work from the same factory...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273486/cognitive-control-interventions-for-depression-a-systematic-review-of-findings-from-training-studies
#16
REVIEW
Ernst H W Koster, Kristof Hoorelbeke, Thomas Onraedt, Max Owens, Nazanin Derakshan
There is a strong interest in cognitive control training as a new intervention for depression. Given the recent promising meta-analytical findings regarding the effects of cognitive training on cognitive functioning and depressive symptomatology, the current review provides an in-depth discussion of the role of cognitive control in depression. We consider the state-of-the-art research on how manipulation of cognitive control may influence cognitive and depression-related outcomes. Evidence for the effectiveness of cognitive control training procedures are discussed in relation to three stages of depression (at-risk, clinically depressed, remission) as well as the training approach that was deployed, after which the putative theoretical mechanisms are discussed...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262650/-effects-of-a-cognitive-training-program-on-cognitive-function-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#17
Eun Young Oh, Mi Sook Jung
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a cognitive training program on neurocognitive task performance and activities of daily living (ADL) in patients who had a stroke. METHODS: The research design for this study was a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. Patients were assigned to the experimental (n=21) or control group (n=21). The experimental group received a 4-week cognitive training program and usual care (i.e., rehabilitation service), while the control was received usual care only...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262129/cognitive-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-korea
#18
REVIEW
Won Hye Lee, Woo Kyeong Lee
Psychosocial rehabilitation programs received mental health professional support in addition to traditional medication therapy. Many psychosocial programs were developed since the 1990s, including cognitive remediation therapy. In this review, we focus on cognitive remediation therapy in Korea since the 1990s. We review several cognitive rehabilitation programs developed in Korea and their outcome studies and suggest future research directions and prospects. We reviewed cognitive rehabilitation programs including social cognitive training as well as more recent forms of computerized cognitive rehabilitation...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257246/impact-of-attention-training-on-academic-achievement-executive-functioning-and-behavior-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Hannah Kirk, Kylie Gray, Kirsten Ellis, John Taffe, Kim Cornish
Children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) experience significant difficulties in attention, learning, executive functions, and behavioral regulation. Emerging evidence suggests that computerized cognitive training may remediate these impairments. In a double blind controlled trial, 76 children with IDD (4-11 years) were randomized to either an attention training (n = 38) or control program (n = 38). Both programs were completed at home over a 5-week period. Outcome measures assessed literacy, numeracy, executive functioning, and behavioral/emotional problems, and were conducted at baseline, post-training, and 3-month follow-up...
March 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257128/cognitive-decline-in-parkinson-disease
#20
REVIEW
Dag Aarsland, Byron Creese, Marios Politis, K Ray Chaudhuri, Dominic H Ffytche, Daniel Weintraub, Clive Ballard
Dementia is a frequent problem encountered in advanced stages of Parkinson disease (PD). In recent years, research has focused on the pre-dementia stages of cognitive impairment in PD, including mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Several longitudinal studies have shown that MCI is a harbinger of dementia in PD, although the course is variable, and stabilization of cognition - or even reversal to normal cognition - is not uncommon. In addition to limbic and cortical spread of Lewy pathology, several other mechanisms are likely to contribute to cognitive decline in PD, and a variety of biomarker studies, some using novel structural and functional imaging techniques, have documented in vivo brain changes associated with cognitive impairment...
March 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
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