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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166434/evidence-hierarchies-relating-to-hand-surgery-current-status-and-improvement-a-bibliometric-analysis-study
#1
Thaís Silva Barroso, Marcelo Cortês Cavalcante, João Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, João Carlos Belloti, Flávio Faloppa, Vinícius Ynoe de Moraes
BACKGROUND: Hierarchy of evidence is an important measurement for assessing quality of literature. Information regarding quality of evidence within the Brazilian hand surgery setting is sparse, especially regarding whether research has improved in either quality or quantity. This study aimed to identify and classify hand surgery studies published in the two most important Brazilian orthopedics journals based on hierarchy of evidence, with comparisons with previously published data. DESIGN AND SETTING: Bibliometric analysis study performed in a federal university...
November 17, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140555/withdrawn-electrical-cardioversion-for-atrial-fibrillation-and-flutter
#2
REVIEW
Gillian E Mead, Andrew Elder, Andrew D Flapan, John Cordina
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation increases stroke risk and adversely affects cardiovascular haemodynamics. Electrical cardioversion may, by restoring sinus rhythm, improve cardiovascular haemodynamics, reduce the risk of stroke, and obviate the need for long-term anticoagulation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation or flutter on the risk of thromboembolic events, strokes and mortality (primary outcomes), the rate of cognitive decline, quality of life, the use of anticoagulants and the risk of re-hospitalisation (secondary outcomes) in adults (>18 years)...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#3
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101988/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-penetrating-neck%C3%A2-injury
#4
Jason W Schroeder, Thomas Ptak, Amanda S Corey, Osmanuddin Ahmed, Walter L Biffl, Joseph A Brennan, Ankur Chandra, Michael Ginsburg, Michael Hanley, Christopher H Hunt, Michele M Johnson, Tabassum A Kennedy, Nandini D Patel, Bruno Policeni, Charles Reitman, Michael L Steigner, Shirley I Stiver, Richard Strax, Matthew T Whitehead, Karin E Dill
In patients with penetrating neck injuries with clinical soft injury signs, and patients with hard signs of injury who do not require immediate surgery, CT angiography of the neck is the preferred imaging procedure to evaluate extent of injury. Other modalities, such as radiography and fluoroscopy, catheter-based angiography, ultrasound, and MR angiography have their place in the evaluation of the patient, depending on the specific clinical situation and question at hand. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075819/augmentation-mastopexy-with-a-dermal-encapsulated-round-or-anatomic-autoprosthesis
#5
Safvet Ors
INTRODUCTION: Several factors, such as aging, pregnancy, and weight loss, reduce the elasticity of the breast tissue, and ptosis occurs. Due to aging and gravity, it is not possible to completely prevent breast ptosis. The goal is to delay the recurrence of ptosis as much as possible. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 20 female patients aged 25-55 years. The patients who underwent surgery had different levels of ptosis. Although the patients wanted their breasts to be lifted and an increase in projection, they did not want implants to be used...
October 26, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075023/no-clinical-quantifiable-benefits-between-non-surgical-and-surgical-endodontic-treatment
#6
Debra M Ferrailo, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe authors searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid and Embase Ovid. The US National Registry of Clinical Trials (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials. There were no restrictions regarding language and publication date. The authors hand-searched the reference lists of the studies retrieved and key journals in the field of endodontics...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032861/patellar-resurfacing-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Umile G Longo, Mauro Ciuffreda, Nicholas Mannering, Valerio D'Andrea, Matteo Cimmino, Vincenzo Denaro
BACKGROUND: Patellar resurfacing in total knee arthroplasty remains controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate this technique through an analysis of comparative studies in the current literature. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases using various combinations of the keywords "Knee," "Replacement," "Prosthesis," "Patella," "Resurfacing," and "Arthroplasty." All articles relevant to the subject were retrieved, and their bibliographies were hand searched for further references relevant to primary patellar resurfacing in total knee arthroplasty...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032820/methodological-quality-assessment-of-meta-analyses-in-endodontics
#8
REVIEW
Sereen Kattan, Su-Min Lee, Meetu R Kohli, Frank C Setzer, Bekir Karabucak
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this review were to assess the methodological quality of published meta-analyses related to endodontics using the assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool and to provide a follow-up to previously published reviews. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched for eligible studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria: Embase via Ovid, The Cochrane Library, and Scopus. The electronic search was amended by a hand search of 6 dental journals (International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Australian Endodontic Journal; Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology; Endodontics and Dental Traumatology; and Journal of Dental Research)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025110/effect-of-continuous-local-anesthetic-in-post-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review
#9
Serena S Hong, Maree A Milross, Jennifer A Alison
Objective: The purpose of this review was to determine the effect of CLA infusion post cardiac surgery on pain, time to ambulation, severe adverse events, patient satisfaction, time to extubation, length of stay in the intensive care unit and in the hospital, total narcotic consumption, and pulmonary function. Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis (PROSPERO CRD42014010188). Methods: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; Allied and Complementary Medicine (AMED); and PsycINFO; as well as hand-searching cardiothoracic surgery and anesthetic journals and meeting abstracts...
August 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856396/objective-evaluation-of-eyebrow-position-after-autologous-fat-grafting-to-the-temple-and-forehead
#10
Cheng-Hung Chiu
BACKGROUND: Fat grafting can be used to correct age-related volume loss in the face. However, the degree of rejuvenation is difficult to be evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The author sought to objectively verify the change in patients' eyebrow position after fat grafting to the upper face. METHODS: The charts of 175 consecutive patients who underwent autologous fat grafting to the forehead and temple were reviewed. Perioperative changes in the heights of medial, middle, and lateral segments of the eyebrow and the eyebrow slant were recorded and compared...
April 26, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648326/the-role-for-international-outreach-in-hand-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Karen Y Chung
Internationally, surgery is making its mark as a necessary priority in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). In 2013, Paul Farmer, MD, and international leaders from 14 countries founded the Lancet Commission of Global Surgery to develop and assemble the best evidence on the state of surgery worldwide, to study the economics of surgical and anesthesia care delivery, and to develop strategies for improving access. Concurrently, there is growing interest in hand surgery. The Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume) recently called for LMIC research with the goal of using their resources to improve the end product...
August 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427835/maxillofacial-growth-and-speech-outcome-after-one-stage-or-two-stage-palatoplasty-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-systematic-review
#12
Rajgopal R Reddy, Srinivas Gosla Reddy, Anitha Vaidhyanathan, Stefaan J Bergé, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman
BACKGROUND: The number of surgical procedures to repair a cleft palate may play a role in the outcome for maxillofacial growth and speech. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between the number of surgical procedures performed to repair the cleft palate and maxillofacial growth, speech and fistula formation in non-syndromic patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed in PubMed/old MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus and CINAHL databases for publications between 1960 and December 2015...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355689/-comparison-of-robotic-surgery-with-laparoscopy-for-surgical-staging-of-endometrial-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
X M Li, J Wang
Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of robotic surgery in surgical staging of endometrial cancer. Methods: Searched English and Chinese databases, including Cochrane library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Internet, data base of Wanfang, China Science and Technology Journal (CSTJ) , and relevant journals and magazines by hand from Jan. 2000 to Oct. 2016. (1) In accordance with the inclusion criteria, two independent investigators screened databases and extracted the relevant data respectively, then evaluated the quality of including studies in Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) ...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338025/preventing-perioperative-bleeding-in-patients-with-inherited-bleeding-disorders
#14
Colin Watterson, Nicholas Beacher
Data sourcesCochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Coagulopathies Trials Register, a regularly updated database informed by trials identified within electronic databases including MEDLINE. Further defined searches were undertaken in PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. Additional hand searching of relevant journals and books of conference proceedings was undertaken.Study selectionRandomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials in people of all ages with haemophilia or VWD undergoing oral or dental procedures using antifibrinolytic agents (tranexamic acid (TXA) or epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA)) to prevent perioperative bleeding compared to no intervention with or without placebo...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228841/an-update-on-the-management-of-breast-cancer-in-africa
#15
REVIEW
V Vanderpuye, S Grover, N Hammad, PoojaPrabhakar, H Simonds, F Olopade, D C Stefan
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the challenges of cancer management and attempts at improving outcomes in Africa. Even though South and North Africa are better resourceds to tackle the burden of breast cancer, similar poor prognostic factors are common to all countries. The five-year overall Survival rate for breast cancer patients does not exceed 60% for any low and middle-income country (LMIC) in Africa. In spite of the gains achieved over the past decade, certain characteristics remain the same such as limited availability of breast conservation therapies, inadequate access to drugs, few oncology specialists and adherence to harmful socio-cultural practices...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206730/sinus-presurgical-evaluation-a-literature-review-and-a-new-classification-proposal
#16
Lorenzo Tavelli, Andrea E Borgonovo, Dino Re, Carlo Maiorana
INTRODUCTION: Presurgical evaluation with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) or computed tomography (CT) has become an essential tool for diagnosis and surgical planning, including maxillary sinus floor elevation. Before performing a sinus lift, the clinician's attention should not be only directed to the patency of the ostium through CBCT or CT, because many anatomical features could influence the surgical approach of sinus floor elevation. The goal of this article was to facilitate the communication between clinicians regarding the type of maxillary sinus, encourage in-depth analysis prior to surgery and reduce the risk of complications due to possible underestimation of important parameters...
June 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185698/progression-of-authorship-of-scientific-articles-in-the%C3%A2-journal-of-hand-surgery-1985-2015
#17
Alex Gu, Neil Almeida, Jordan S Cohen, Kathryn M Peck, Gregory A Merrell
PURPOSE: For scientists, authorship is academic currency. Authorship characteristics have been studied in a subset of the surgical and medical literature, but trends in the specialty of hand surgery have not yet been investigated. Specifically, a longitudinal analysis of number, educational training, sex, and geographical origin of authors has not been conducted. We explored the progression of authorship of scientific articles in a leading hand surgery journal. METHODS: We recorded number of authors, number of references, degrees, and sex of the first and senior authors as well as geographical origin of the corresponding author in The Journal of Hand Surgery in 1985, 1995, 2005, and 2015...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149219/levels-of-evidence-for-hand-questions-on-the-orthopaedic-in-training-examination
#18
Louis C Grandizio, James C Huston, Stephanie S Shim, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
Background: Although analyses of the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) subspecialty content domains have been performed, few studies have analyzed the levels of evidence (LoEs) for journal articles used as references to create OITE questions. We present an analysis of reference characteristics and question taxonomy for the hand surgery content domain on the OITE. We aim to determine whether level of evidence (LoE) for hand surgery questions have increased over a 15-year period. Methods: All questions and references in the hand surgery content domain on the OITE from 1995-1997 and 2010-2012 were reviewed...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112784/current-trends-in-the-management-of-distal-radius-fractures
#19
Adam E M Eltorai, Andrew D Sobel, Nathan P Thomas, Alan H Daniels, Christopher T Born
This article discusses recent reports on distal radius fractures. The keyword "distal radius fracture" was used to query the PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine. From the resulting list, articles published in the Journal of Hand Surgery (American Volume), the Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume), and the Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma from April 2014 through December 2015 were reviewed. Related commentaries were also evaluated. Case series of fewer than 5 patients were excluded. The 65 studies and commentaries identified are categorized and summarized...
May 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079698/pediatric-hand-surgery-in-global-health-the-role-for-international-outreach
#20
REVIEW
Karen Y Chung, Amanda Hanemaayer, Dan Poenaru
PURPOSE: There is emerging interest in hand surgery and global health. This was emphasized at the 2015 presidential address at the American Society for Surgery of Hand. Children are prioritized because of their increased risk for trauma and higher potential for better outcomes. This study aims to identify how hand surgical volunteer programs can benefit the pediatric hand surgical landscape in global health. There has been no literature review to date. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved review systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, African Journal Online, and the Journal of Hand Surgery...
February 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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