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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659394/a-bizarre-bone-scan-of-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva
#1
Tzyy-Ling Chuang, Kuo-Wei Ho, Yuh-Feng Wang
A 27-year-old woman had progressive bony ankylosis over both hands since she was 5 years old. Bony ankylosing over the peripheral joints and spine slowly progressed, and scoliosis surgery was performed at age 14. Recently, she developed difficulty walking, changing position, and opening her mouth. A neurologist was consulted and ruled out the suspicion of narcolepsy. Chest CT showed ankylosing spondylitis. A bone scan showed a bizarre pattern with radiouptake to the left maxilla, bilateral sacroiliac joints, left middle third femur, and soft tissue uptake over bilateral arms, legs, and pelvis...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611474/glycosides-from-medicinal-plants-as-potential-anticancer-agents-emerging-trends-towards-future-drugs
#2
Haroon Khan, Mina Saeedi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Mohammad S Mubarak, Anupam Bishayee
BACKGROUND: Cancer continues to be a global burden, despite the advancement of various technological and pharmaceutical improvements over the past two decades. Methods for treating cancer include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in addition to other specialized techniques. On the other hand, medicinal plants have been traditionally employed either as the complementary medicine or dietary agents in the treatment and management of cancer. Medicinal plants are a rich source of secondary metabolites with interesting biological and pharmacological activities...
April 3, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398331/hand-surgery-questions-on-the-orthopaedic-in-training-examination-analysis-of-content-and-reference
#3
Adam S Martin, M Craig McMains, Andrew G Shacklett, Hisham M Awan
PURPOSE: To provide an updated analysis of the hand surgery section of the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) from 2009 to 2015. The goal was to contribute to the existing literature on the analysis of OITE questions, to aid both residents and residency programs in preparation for the OITE and board examination. METHODS: The authors analyzed all OITE questions pertaining to hand surgery between 2009 and 2015. Hand questions were analyzed for category and subcategory of content, cited reference, treatment intervention, and imaging modality used...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288184/leak-study-design-of-a-nationwide-randomised-controlled-trial-to-find-the-best-way-to-treat-wound-leakage-after-primary-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#4
Claudia A M Löwik, Frank-Christiaan Wagenaar, Walter van der Weegen, Rudolf W Poolman, Rob G H H Nelissen, Sjoerd K Bulstra, Yvette Pronk, Karin M Vermeulen, Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Martin Stevens, Paul C Jutte
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are highly successful treatment modalities for advanced osteoarthritis. However, prolonged wound leakage after arthroplasty is linked to prosthetic joint infection (PJI), which is a potentially devastating complication. On the one hand, wound leakage is reported as a risk factor for PJI with a leaking wound acting as a porte d'entrée for micro-organisms. On the other hand, prolonged wound leakage can be a symptom of PJI...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166434/evidence-hierarchies-relating-to-hand-surgery-current-status-and-improvement-a-bibliometric-analysis-study
#5
Thaís Silva Barroso, Marcelo Cortês Cavalcante, João Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, João Carlos Belloti, Flávio Faloppa, Vinícius Ynoe de Moraes
BACKGROUND: Hierarchy of evidence is an important measurement for assessing quality of literature. Information regarding quality of evidence within the Brazilian hand surgery setting is sparse, especially regarding whether research has improved in either quality or quantity. This study aimed to identify and classify hand surgery studies published in the two most important Brazilian orthopedics journals based on hierarchy of evidence, with comparisons with previously published data. DESIGN AND SETTING: Bibliometric analysis study performed in a federal university...
November 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140555/withdrawn-electrical-cardioversion-for-atrial-fibrillation-and-flutter
#6
REVIEW
Gillian E Mead, Andrew Elder, Andrew D Flapan, John Cordina
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation increases stroke risk and adversely affects cardiovascular haemodynamics. Electrical cardioversion may, by restoring sinus rhythm, improve cardiovascular haemodynamics, reduce the risk of stroke, and obviate the need for long-term anticoagulation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation or flutter on the risk of thromboembolic events, strokes and mortality (primary outcomes), the rate of cognitive decline, quality of life, the use of anticoagulants and the risk of re-hospitalisation (secondary outcomes) in adults (>18 years)...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#7
Jeffrey N Myers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101988/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-penetrating-neck%C3%A2-injury
#8
Jason W Schroeder, Thomas Ptak, Amanda S Corey, Osmanuddin Ahmed, Walter L Biffl, Joseph A Brennan, Ankur Chandra, Michael Ginsburg, Michael Hanley, Christopher H Hunt, Michele M Johnson, Tabassum A Kennedy, Nandini D Patel, Bruno Policeni, Charles Reitman, Michael L Steigner, Shirley I Stiver, Richard Strax, Matthew T Whitehead, Karin E Dill
In patients with penetrating neck injuries with clinical soft injury signs, and patients with hard signs of injury who do not require immediate surgery, CT angiography of the neck is the preferred imaging procedure to evaluate extent of injury. Other modalities, such as radiography and fluoroscopy, catheter-based angiography, ultrasound, and MR angiography have their place in the evaluation of the patient, depending on the specific clinical situation and question at hand. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075819/augmentation-mastopexy-with-a-dermal-encapsulated-round-or-anatomic-autoprosthesis
#9
Safvet Ors
INTRODUCTION: Several factors, such as aging, pregnancy, and weight loss, reduce the elasticity of the breast tissue, and ptosis occurs. Due to aging and gravity, it is not possible to completely prevent breast ptosis. The goal is to delay the recurrence of ptosis as much as possible. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 20 female patients aged 25-55 years. The patients who underwent surgery had different levels of ptosis. Although the patients wanted their breasts to be lifted and an increase in projection, they did not want implants to be used...
October 26, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075023/no-clinical-quantifiable-benefits-between-non-surgical-and-surgical-endodontic-treatment
#10
Debra M Ferrailo, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe authors searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid and Embase Ovid. The US National Registry of Clinical Trials (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials. There were no restrictions regarding language and publication date. The authors hand-searched the reference lists of the studies retrieved and key journals in the field of endodontics...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032861/patellar-resurfacing-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Umile G Longo, Mauro Ciuffreda, Nicholas Mannering, Valerio D'Andrea, Matteo Cimmino, Vincenzo Denaro
BACKGROUND: Patellar resurfacing in total knee arthroplasty remains controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate this technique through an analysis of comparative studies in the current literature. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases using various combinations of the keywords "Knee," "Replacement," "Prosthesis," "Patella," "Resurfacing," and "Arthroplasty...
February 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032820/methodological-quality-assessment-of-meta-analyses-in-endodontics
#12
REVIEW
Sereen Kattan, Su-Min Lee, Meetu R Kohli, Frank C Setzer, Bekir Karabucak
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this review were to assess the methodological quality of published meta-analyses related to endodontics using the assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool and to provide a follow-up to previously published reviews. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched for eligible studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria: Embase via Ovid, The Cochrane Library, and Scopus. The electronic search was amended by a hand search of 6 dental journals (International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Australian Endodontic Journal; Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology; Endodontics and Dental Traumatology; and Journal of Dental Research)...
January 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025110/effect-of-continuous-local-anesthetic-in-post-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review
#13
Serena S Hong, Maree A Milross, Jennifer A Alison
Objective: The purpose of this review was to determine the effect of CLA infusion post cardiac surgery on pain, time to ambulation, severe adverse events, patient satisfaction, time to extubation, length of stay in the intensive care unit and in the hospital, total narcotic consumption, and pulmonary function. Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis (PROSPERO CRD42014010188). Methods: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; Allied and Complementary Medicine (AMED); and PsycINFO; as well as hand-searching cardiothoracic surgery and anesthetic journals and meeting abstracts...
August 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856396/objective-evaluation-of-eyebrow-position-after-autologous-fat-grafting-to-the-temple-and-forehead
#14
Cheng-Hung Chiu
BACKGROUND: Fat grafting can be used to correct age-related volume loss in the face. However, the degree of rejuvenation is difficult to be evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The author sought to objectively verify the change in patients' eyebrow position after fat grafting to the upper face. METHODS: The charts of 175 consecutive patients who underwent autologous fat grafting to the forehead and temple were reviewed. Perioperative changes in the heights of medial, middle, and lateral segments of the eyebrow and the eyebrow slant were recorded and compared...
April 26, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648326/the-role-for-international-outreach-in-hand-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Karen Y Chung
Internationally, surgery is making its mark as a necessary priority in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). In 2013, Paul Farmer, MD, and international leaders from 14 countries founded the Lancet Commission of Global Surgery to develop and assemble the best evidence on the state of surgery worldwide, to study the economics of surgical and anesthesia care delivery, and to develop strategies for improving access. Concurrently, there is growing interest in hand surgery. The Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume) recently called for LMIC research with the goal of using their resources to improve the end product...
August 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427835/maxillofacial-growth-and-speech-outcome-after-one-stage-or-two-stage-palatoplasty-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-systematic-review
#16
Rajgopal R Reddy, Srinivas Gosla Reddy, Anitha Vaidhyanathan, Stefaan J Bergé, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman
BACKGROUND: The number of surgical procedures to repair a cleft palate may play a role in the outcome for maxillofacial growth and speech. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between the number of surgical procedures performed to repair the cleft palate and maxillofacial growth, speech and fistula formation in non-syndromic patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed in PubMed/old MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus and CINAHL databases for publications between 1960 and December 2015...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355689/-comparison-of-robotic-surgery-with-laparoscopy-for-surgical-staging-of-endometrial-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
X M Li, J Wang
Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of robotic surgery in surgical staging of endometrial cancer. Methods: Searched English and Chinese databases, including Cochrane library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Internet, data base of Wanfang, China Science and Technology Journal (CSTJ) , and relevant journals and magazines by hand from Jan. 2000 to Oct. 2016. (1) In accordance with the inclusion criteria, two independent investigators screened databases and extracted the relevant data respectively, then evaluated the quality of including studies in Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) ...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338025/preventing-perioperative-bleeding-in-patients-with-inherited-bleeding-disorders
#18
Colin Watterson, Nicholas Beacher
Data sourcesCochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Coagulopathies Trials Register, a regularly updated database informed by trials identified within electronic databases including MEDLINE. Further defined searches were undertaken in PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. Additional hand searching of relevant journals and books of conference proceedings was undertaken.Study selectionRandomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials in people of all ages with haemophilia or VWD undergoing oral or dental procedures using antifibrinolytic agents (tranexamic acid (TXA) or epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA)) to prevent perioperative bleeding compared to no intervention with or without placebo...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228841/an-update-on-the-management-of-breast-cancer-in-africa
#19
REVIEW
V Vanderpuye, S Grover, N Hammad, PoojaPrabhakar, H Simonds, F Olopade, D C Stefan
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the challenges of cancer management and attempts at improving outcomes in Africa. Even though South and North Africa are better resourceds to tackle the burden of breast cancer, similar poor prognostic factors are common to all countries. The five-year overall Survival rate for breast cancer patients does not exceed 60% for any low and middle-income country (LMIC) in Africa. In spite of the gains achieved over the past decade, certain characteristics remain the same such as limited availability of breast conservation therapies, inadequate access to drugs, few oncology specialists and adherence to harmful socio-cultural practices...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206730/sinus-presurgical-evaluation-a-literature-review-and-a-new-classification-proposal
#20
Lorenzo Tavelli, Andrea E Borgonovo, Dino Re, Carlo Maiorana
INTRODUCTION: Presurgical evaluation with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) or computed tomography (CT) has become an essential tool for diagnosis and surgical planning, including maxillary sinus floor elevation. Before performing a sinus lift, the clinician's attention should not be only directed to the patency of the ostium through CBCT or CT, because many anatomical features could influence the surgical approach of sinus floor elevation. The goal of this article was to facilitate the communication between clinicians regarding the type of maxillary sinus, encourage in-depth analysis prior to surgery and reduce the risk of complications due to possible underestimation of important parameters...
June 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
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