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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162735/-484-resistance-exercise-training-in-gulf-war-veterans-with-chronic-unexplained-muscle-pain-impact-on-pain-fatigue-mood-and-global-impression-of-change
#1
A Stegner, D Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162463/-229-investigation-of-cerebral-white-matter-integrity-physical-activity-behaviors-and-pain-symptoms-in-gulf-war-veterans-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#2
S Van Riper, A Stegner, L Ellingson, K Koltyn, A Alexander, D Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131230/electrophysiological-correlates-of-semantic-memory-retrieval-in-gulf-war-syndrome-2-patients
#3
Gail D Tillman, Clifford S Calley, Virginia I Buhl, Hsueh-Sheng Chiang, Robert W Haley, John Hart, Michael A Kraut
Gulf War veterans meeting criteria for Haley Syndrome 2 of Gulf War illness endorse a particular constellation of symptoms that include difficulty with processing information, word-finding, and confusion. To explore the neural basis of their word-finding difficulty, we assessed event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with semantic memory retrieval in 22 veterans classified as Syndrome 2 and 28 veterans who served as controls. We recorded EEGs while subjects judged whether pairs of words that represented object features combined to elicit a retrieval of an object memory or no retrieval...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123229/all-cause-mortality-among-us-veterans-of-the-persian-gulf-war-13-year-follow-up
#4
Shannon K Barth, Han K Kang, Tim Bullman
OBJECTIVE: We determined cause-specific mortality prevalence and risks of Gulf War deployed and nondeployed veterans to determine if deployed veterans were at greater risk than nondeployed veterans for death overall or because of certain diseases or conditions up to 13 years after conflict subsided. METHODS: Follow-up began when the veteran left the Gulf War theater or May 1, 1991, and ended on the date of death or December 31, 2004. We studied 621   901 veterans who served in the 1990-1991 Persian Gulf War and 746   247 veterans who served but were not deployed during the Gulf War...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073904/comparability-of-health-service-use-by-veterans-with-multisymptom-illness-and-those-with-chronic-diseases
#5
Stella M Gwini, Andrew B Forbes, Malcolm R Sim, Helen L Kelsall
OBJECTIVE: To compare health service utilization and disability claims among military personnel with multisymptom illness (MSI) (but no chronic diseases), those with chronic disease(s) and those without MSI or chronic diseases. MSI is also known as Gulf War illness. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 1288 participants of a Gulf War veterans' study conducted in 2000-2003 (Wave-1) were followed up in 2011-2012 (Wave-2), aged on average 40 years...
January 9, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070599/organophosphate-neurotoxicity-to-the-voluntary-motor-system-on-the-trail-of-environment-caused-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-the-known-the-misknown-and-the-unknown
#6
Samantha J Merwin, Teresa Obis, Yanelli Nunez, Diane B Re
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common adult-onset paralytic disorder. It is characterized by progressive degeneration of the motor neurons controlling voluntary movement. The underlying mechanisms remain elusive, a fact that has precluded development of effective treatments. ALS presents as a sporadic condition 90-95% of the time, i.e., without familial history or obvious genetic mutation. This suggests that ALS has a strong environmental component. Organophosphates (OPs) are prime candidate neurotoxicants in the etiology of ALS, as exposure to OPs was linked to higher ALS incidence among farmers, soccer players, and Gulf War veterans...
January 9, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051953/gulf-war-and-health-treatment-for-chronic-multisymptom-illness
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049354/the-life-course-model-as-a-framework-for-post-conflict-health-analysis-reflections-on-the-gulf-war-critical-period
#8
Charles W Cange
In the Kuwait context, from January 1991 to December 1991, there were a series of chemical and psychological Gulf War-era exposures that left persistent, long-term damage. Extreme stress from a critical event speeds up the usual disease latency period, and may be part of a synergistic effect that leads to higher disease rates over a shorter period of time. I am interested in the impact of armed conflict on health outcomes over the life course in Kuwait, and particularly the pathways through which armed conflict causes changes in health on a population level...
January 3, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025109/deet-potentiates-the-development-and-persistence-of-anticholinesterase-dependent-chronic-pain-signs-in-a-rat-model-of-gulf-war-illness-pain
#9
L K Flunker, T J Nutter, R D Johnson, B Y Cooper
Exposure to DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) may have influenced the pattern of symptoms observed in soldiers with GWI (Gulf War Illness; Haley and Kurt, 1997). We examined how the addition of DEET (400mg/kg; 50% topical) to an exposure protocol of permethrin (2.6mg/kg; topical), chlorpyrifos (CP; 120mg/kg), and pyridostigmine bromide (PB;13mg/kg) altered the emergence and pattern of pain signs in an animal model of GWI pain (Nutter et al., 2015). Rats underwent behavioral testing before, during and after a 4week exposure: 1) hindlimb pressure withdrawal threshold; 2) ambulation (movement distance and rate); and 3) resting duration...
December 23, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001756/transcranial-red-near-infrared-light-emitting-diode-therapy-to-improve-cognition-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Margaret A Naeser, Paula I Martin, Michael D Ho, Maxine H Krengel, Yelena Bogdanova, Jeffrey A Knight, Megan K Yee, Ross Zafonte, Judith Frazier, Michael R Hamblin, Bang-Bon Koo
We review the general topic of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and our research utilizing transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM) to improve cognition in chronic TBI using red/near-infrared (NIR) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to deliver light to the head. tPBM improves mitochondrial function increasing oxygen consumption, production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and improving cellular energy stores. Nitric oxide is released from the cells increasing regional blood flow in the brain. Review of published studies: In our previously published study, 11 chronic TBI patients with closed-head TBI caused by different accidents (motor vehicle accident, sports-related, improvised explosive device blast injury) and exhibiting long-lasting cognitive dysfunction received 18 outpatient treatments (Monday, Wednesday, Friday for 6 weeks) starting at 10 months to 8 years post-TBI...
December 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984134/long-title-translational-potential-of-long-term-decreases-in-mitochondrial-lipids-in-a-mouse-model-of-gulf-war-illness
#11
Laila Abdullah, James E Evans, Utsav Joshi, Gogce Crynen, John Reed, Benoit Mouzon, Stephan Baumann, Hannah Montague, Zuchra Zakirova, Tanja Emmerich, Corbin Bachmeier, Nancy Klimas, Kimberly Sullivan, Michael Mullan, Ghania Ait-Ghezala, Fiona Crawford
Gulf War Illness (GWI) affects 25% of veterans from the 1990-1991 Gulf War (GW) and is accompanied by damage to the brain regions involved in memory processing. After twenty-five years, the chronic pathobiology of GWI is still unexplained. To address this problem, we examined the long-term consequences of GW exposures in an established GWI mouse model to identify biological processes that are relevant to the chronic symptoms of GWI. Three-month old male C57BL6 mice were exposed for 10days to GW agents (pyridostigmine bromide and permethrin)...
October 29, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931520/translational-potential-of-long-term-decreases-in-mitochondrial-lipids-in-a-mouse-model-of-gulf-war-illness
#12
Laila Abdullah, James E Evans, Utsav Joshi, Gogce Crynen, Jon Reed, Benoit Mouzon, Stephan Baumann, Hannah Montague, Zuchra Zakirova, Tanja Emmerich, Corbin Bachmeier, Nancy Klimas, Kimberly Sullivan, Michael Mullan, Ghania Ait-Ghezala, Fiona Crawford
Gulf War Illness (GWI) affects 25% of veterans from the 1990-1991 Gulf War (GW) and is accompanied by damage to the brain regions involved in memory processing. After twenty-five years, the chronic pathobiology of GWI is still unexplained. To address this problem, we examined the long-term consequences of GW exposures in an established GWI mouse model to identify biological processes that are relevant to the chronic symptoms of GWI. Three-month old male C57BL6 mice were exposed for 10days to GW agents (pyridostigmine bromide and permethrin)...
November 30, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901559/extension-of-the-presumptive-period-for-compensation-for-gulf-war-veterans-interim-final-rule
#13
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is issuing this interim final rule to amend its adjudication regulations regarding compensation for disabilities resulting from undiagnosed illnesses suffered by veterans who served in the Persian Gulf War. This amendment is necessary to extend the presumptive period for qualifying chronic disabilities resulting from undiagnosed illnesses that must become manifest to a compensable degree in order that entitlement for compensation be established. The intended effect of this amendment is to provide consistency in VA adjudication policy and preserve certain rights afforded to Persian Gulf War veterans and ensure fairness for current and future Persian Gulf War veterans...
October 17, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897768/good-practice-in-end-of-life-care
#14
(no author information available yet)
Amanda Cheesley qualified as a nurse in 1981 after training with Queen Alexandra Royal Army Nursing Corps. She served in the first Gulf War and has also worked for the NHS as a district nurse and a Marie Curie nurse.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860470/physical-activity-and-chronic-illnesses-among-gulf-war-veterans
#15
S S Coughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Translational Medicine & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849501/danish-gulf-war-veterans-revisited-no-evidence-of-increased-sickness-absence-or-reduced-labor-market-outcome-after-deployment-to-the-persian-gulf
#16
Lars Ravnborg Nissen, Christian Stoltenberg, Anni B Sternhagen Nielsen, Mia S Vedtofte, Jacob L Marott, Finn Gyntelberg, Bernadette Guldager
OBJECTIVE: To examine the assumption that postdeployment incidence of sickness and other absence from work are higher among Gulf War Veterans compared with nonveterans. METHODS: A prospective registry study including a cohort of 721 Danish Gulf War Veterans and a control cohort of 3,629 nonveterans selected from the general Danish population. Outcome measures were up to 23 years postdeployment incidence of (1) long-term sickness absence and (2) long-term all types of absence from work...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806904/supporting-a-neuroimmune-basis-of-gulf-war-illness
#17
James P O'Callaghan, Lindsay T Michalovicz, Kimberly A Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792941/the-u-s-department-of-veterans-affairs-depleted-uranium-exposed-cohort-at-25-years-longitudinal-surveillance-results
#18
Melissa A McDiarmid, Joanna M Gaitens, Stella Hines, Marian Condon, Tracy Roth, Marc Oliver, Patricia Gucer, Lawrence Brown, Jose A Centeno, Moira Dux, Katherine S Squibb
BACKGROUND: A small group of Gulf War I veterans wounded in depleted uranium (DU) friendly-fire incidents have been monitored for health changes in a clinical surveillance program at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Baltimore since 1994. METHODS: During the spring of 2015, an in-patient clinical surveillance protocol was performed on 36 members of the cohort, including exposure monitoring for total and isotopic uranium concentrations in urine and a comprehensive assessment of health outcomes...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768730/a-novel-method-for-verifying-war-mortality-while-estimating-iraqi-deaths-for-the-iran-iraq-war-through-operation-desert-storm-1980-1993
#19
Shang-Ju Li, Abraham Flaxman, Riyadh Lafta, Lindsay Galway, Tim K Takaro, Gilbert Burnham, Amy Hagopian
OBJECTIVES: We estimated war-related Iraqi mortality for the period 1980 through 1993. METHOD: To test our hypothesis that deaths reported by siblings (even dating back several decades) would correspond with war events, we compared sibling mortality reports with the frequency of independent news reports about violent historic events. We used data from a survey of 4,287 adults in 2000 Iraqi households conducted in 2011. Interviewees reported on the status of their 24,759 siblings...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765642/brain-correlates-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-hla-protection-in-gulf-war-illness-gwi
#20
Lisa M James, Brian E Engdahl, Arthur C Leuthold, Apostolos P Georgopoulos
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that six alleles from class II genes of the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) confer protection from Gulf War Illness (GWI) (Georgopoulos et al., 2015). The most significant effect is exerted on Neurological-Cognitive-Mood (NCM), Pain, and Fatigue symptoms, such that higher number of copies of the protective alleles are associated with lower symptom severity. Here we tested the hypothesis that this effect is exerted by modulating the strength of neural synchronicity...
November 2016: EBioMedicine
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