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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772294/a-model-of-the-dynamics-of-household-vegetarian-and-vegan-rates-in-the-u-k
#1
James Waters
Although there are many studies of determinants of vegetarianism and veganism, there have been no previous studies of how their rates in a population jointly change over time. In this paper, we present a flexible model of vegetarian and vegan dietary choices, and derive the joint dynamics of rates of consumption. We fit our model to a pseudo-panel with 23 years of U.K. household data, and find that while vegetarian rates are largely determined by current household characteristics, vegan rates are additionally influenced by their own lagged value...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762334/toddler-s-paralysis-an-acute-case-of-leg-stiffening-in-a-previously-healthy-2-year-old
#2
Kimberly Renee Kahne, Ee Tein Tay
Vegetarian and vegan diets are gaining popularity in the United States. Although appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including vegan diets, are healthful and nutritionally adequate and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases, not all families are aware of the nutritional supplements that may be required for their children. We describe a case of a 2-year-old previously healthy child consuming a vegan diet who presented to the pediatric emergency department with an acute inability to move her legs...
May 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748650/how-empathic-are-vegan-medical-professionals-compared-to-others-leads-from-a-paper-pencil-survey
#3
Christian S Kessler, Andreas Michalsen, Sophie Holler, Vijayendra S Murthy, Holger Cramer
The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704911/vegans-report-less-bothersome-vasomotor-and-physical-menopausal-symptoms-than-omnivores
#4
Bonnie Beezhold, Cynthia Radnitz, Robert E McGrath, Arielle Feldman
OBJECTIVES: Lifestyle modifications that may reduce menopausal symptoms have generated much interest. The vegetarian diet has been associated with a lower risk of chronic disease as well as a more healthy hormonal milieu. Our objective in this cross-sectional study was to survey peri- and postmenopausal women to investigate menopausal symptoms and dietary pattern. STUDY DESIGN: Survey distribution in 2015-2016 was aimed at female vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores between the ages of 45 and 80 years, who were active on senior and vegetarian social networking websites and at vegan restaurants and events...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701727/the-design-development-and-evaluation-of-the-vegetarian-lifestyle-index-on-dietary-patterns-among-vegetarians-and-non-vegetarians
#5
Lap T Le, Joan Sabaté, Pramil N Singh, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
Traditionally, healthful diets and lifestyles have been examined only in relation to single nutrients, foods, or food groups in terms of dietary exposure. An alternative approach is to conceptualize an index based on vegetarian food pyramid guidelines as a measure of overall diet and lifestyle quality. Our objectives were to: (1) develop the Vegetarian Lifestyle Index (VLI); and (2) evaluate adherence to the Vegetarian Food Guide Pyramid (VFGP) among a low-risk population of Adventists. The index was based on the operationalization of 14 dietary and lifestyle components...
April 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619220/development-of-the-recovery-from-eating-disorders-for-life-food-guide-real-food-guide-a-food-pyramid-for-adults-with-an-eating-disorder
#6
Susan Hart, Claire Marnane, Caitlin McMaster, Angela Thomas
Background: There is limited evidence to inform nutrition and dietetic interventions for individuals with eating disorders even though it is recommended as an essential part of multidisciplinary management. There is minimal guidance, an absence of standardised nutrition educational material, and no research on how best to educate patients on healthy eating and how to achieve nutrition adequacy. Therefore the REAL Food Guide was developed. Methods: The REAL Food Guide is a pyramid with four layers and key nutrition messages beside each layer that was conceived to address gaps in nutrition education and intervention for individuals with eating disorders...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599788/viruses-and-phytoparasitic-nematodes-of-cicer-arietinum-l-biotechnological-approaches-in-interaction-studies-and-for-sustainable-control
#7
REVIEW
Paola Leonetti, Gian Paolo Accotto, Moemen S Hanafy, Vitantonio Pantaleo
Cicer arietinum L. (chickpea) is the world's fourth most widely grown pulse. Chickpea seeds are a primary source of dietary protein for humans, and chickpea cultivation contributes to biological nitrogen fixation in the soil, given its symbiotic relationship with rhizobia. Therefore, chickpea cultivation plays a pivotal role in innovative sustainable models of agro-ecosystems inserted in crop rotation in arid and semi-arid environments for soil improvement and the reduction of chemical inputs. Indeed, the arid and semi-arid tropical zones of Africa and Asia have been primary areas of cultivation and diversification...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579513/a-comparison-of-eating-attitudes-between-vegans-vegetarians-and-nonvegans-nonvegetarians-in-terms-of-orthorexia-nervosa
#8
Pınar Çiçekoğlu, Güzin Yasemin Tunçay
This descriptive study was performed to compare signs of orthorexia nervosa and eating habits and attitudes of vegans/vegetarians and nonvegans/nonvegetarians. The study sample included 62 people, of whom 31 were vegan/vegetarian and 31 were nonvegan/nonvegetarian. Data were gathered with a personal characteristics form, Orthorexia Nervosa Evaluation Scale-11, Eating Attitudes Test-40 and Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory. There were not any significant differences between scores for Orthorexia Nervosa Evaluation Scale-11, Eating Attitudes Test-40 and Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (p>0,05)...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556222/assessing-the-influence-of-vegan-vegetarian-and-omnivore-oriented-westernized-dietary-styles-on-human-gut-microbiota-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Carmen Losasso, Ester M Eckert, Eleonora Mastrorilli, Jorg Villiger, Marzia Mancin, Ilaria Patuzzi, Andrea Di Cesare, Veronica Cibin, Federica Barrucci, Jakob Pernthaler, Gianluca Corno, Antonia Ricci
Diet and lifestyle have a strong influence on gut microbiota, which in turn has important implications on a variety of health-related aspects. Despite great advances in the field, it remains unclear to which extent the composition of the gut microbiota is modulated by the intake of animal derived products, compared to a vegetable based diet. Here the specific impact of vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore feeding type on the composition of gut microbiota of 101 adults was investigated among groups homogeneous for variables known to have a role in modulating gut microbial composition such as age, anthropometric variables, ethnicity, and geographic area...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531252/nutritionally-recommended-food-for-semi-to-strict-vegetarian-diets-based-on-large-scale-nutrient-composition-data
#10
Seunghyeon Kim, Michael F Fenech, Pan-Jun Kim
Diet design for vegetarian health is challenging due to the limited food repertoire of vegetarians. This challenge can be partially overcome by quantitative, data-driven approaches that utilise massive nutritional information collected for many different foods. Based on large-scale data of foods' nutrient compositions, the recent concept of nutritional fitness helps quantify a nutrient balance within each food with regard to satisfying daily nutritional requirements. Nutritional fitness offers prioritisation of recommended foods using the foods' occurrence in nutritionally adequate food combinations...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510788/nutritional-considerations-for-the-vegetarian-and-vegan-dancer
#11
Derrick D Brown
Vegetarianism provides a catchall term for a variety of diets that exclude the consumption of some or all animal products. Contrary to popular claims, appropriately designed and managed vegetarian diets contain foods nutritionally sufficient for health, well-being, and physical performance. Vegetarian dancers can meet their protein needs from primarily or exclusively (vegan) plant-based sources when a variety of these foods are consumed daily and energy intake is adequate. However, the quality and timing of dietary intake is of key importance to meet the physical demands typical of high intensity, intermittent types of dance styles...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506219/plant-based-diets-for-children-as-a-means-of-improving-adult-cardiometabolic-health
#12
Malgorzata A Desmond, Jakub Sobiecki, Mary Fewtrell, Jonathan C K Wells
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest contributor to global mortality, and this trend is expected to continue. Although mortality rates have been falling, adverse developments in obesity and diabetes threaten to reverse this. It has been estimated that the only viable strategy to reduce the epidemic is to focus on population-wide risk factor reduction. Primordial prevention, a strategy aimed at avoiding the development of risk factors before the disease onset, has been shown to reduce the CVD epidemic substantially...
April 1, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499976/effect-of-two-different-sublingual-dosages-of-vitamin-b-12-on-cobalamin-nutritional-status-in-vegans-and-vegetarians-with-a-marginal-deficiency-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Cristian Del Bo', Patrizia Riso, Claudio Gardana, Antonella Brusamolino, Alberto Battezzati, Salvatore Ciappellano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vegetarians and vegans are more vulnerable to vitamin B12 deficiency with severe risks of megaloblastic anemia, cognitive decline, neuropathy, and depression. An easy and simple method of supplementation consists of taking one weekly dosage of 2000 μg. However, single large oral doses of vitamin B12 are poorly absorbed. The present research evaluates the ability of two different sublingual dosages of vitamin B12 (350 μg/week vs 2000 μg/week) in improving cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12 ) nutritional status in vegans and vegetarians with a marginal deficiency...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486208/meat-in-the-post-truth-era-mass-media-discourses-on-health-and-disease-in-the-attention-economy
#14
Frédéric Leroy, Malaika Brengman, Wouter Ryckbosch, Peter Scholliers
The debate on meat's role in health and disease is a rowdy and dissonant one. This study uses the health section of the online version of The Daily Mail as a case study to carry out a quantitative and qualitative reflection on the related discourses in mass media during the first fifteen years of the 21st century. This period ranged from the fall-out of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) crisis and its associated food safety anxieties, over the Atkins diet-craze in 2003 and the avian flu episode in 2007, to the highly influential publication of the report on colon cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2015...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473657/fermentable-short-chain-carbohydrate-fodmap-content-of-common-plant-based-foods-and-processed-foods-suitable-for-vegetarian-and-vegan-based-eating-patterns
#15
C Tuck, E Ly, A Bogatyrev, I Costetsou, P Gibson, J Barrett, J Muir
BACKGROUND: The low FODMAP (fermentable, oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyols) diet is an effective strategy to improve symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. However, combining the low FODMAP diet with another dietary restriction such as vegetarianism/veganism is challenging. Greater knowledge about the FODMAP composition of plant-based foods and food processing practices common to vegetarian/vegan eating patterns would assist in the implementation of the diet in this patient population...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471576/-vegetarian-diets-in-children-an-assessment-from-pediatrics-and-nutrition-science
#16
Mathilde Kersting, Hermann Kalhoff, Michael Melter, Thomas Lücke
In Germany, the "Dietary Schedule for the 1st year of life" and the "Optimised Mixed Diet" for children and adolescents serve as scientifically based and generally applicable dietary concepts throughout the period of growth and development. Vegetarian diets as the lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet (exclusion of meat, fish) and the vegan diet (exclusion of all food groups of animal origin) need to be evaluated for their potential to safely meet the high and specific requirements for growth and development...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466822/alternative-ern%C3%A3-hrungsformen-allgemeine-aspekte-und-vegetarische-kostformen
#17
Alexander Ströhle, Christian Löser, Isabel Behrendt, Claus Leitzmann, Andreas Hahn
Alternative diets (AD) differ from the current common mixed diet; AD are recommended as a permanent diet. These diets are based on ethical, philosophical and health promoting principles and lead to very different recommendations for food selection. Even within a particular AD there is usually a broad spectrum of versions, so that a general evaluation is only possible to a limited extent. This is also true for single AD. Vegetarian diets and partly paleo-diets have been investigated to a reasonable extent. Plant based diets are appropriate as permanent diets and offer health benefits as compared with currently practiced diets (risk reduction of cancers by 10-18% and of heart diseases by 30%; favorable effect on blood pressure and lipid profile; no risk reduction on cancer and total mortality)...
February 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462974/inadequate-iodine-intake-in-population-groups-defined-by-age-life-stage-and-vegetarian-dietary-practice-in-a-norwegian-convenience-sample
#18
Anne Lise Brantsæter, Helle Katrine Knutsen, Nina Cathrine Johansen, Kristine Aastad Nyheim, Iris Erlund, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Sigrun Henjum
Inadequate iodine intake has been identified in populations considered iodine replete for decades. The objective of the current study is to evaluate urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and the probability of adequate iodine intake in subgroups of the Norwegian population defined by age, life stage and vegetarian dietary practice. In a cross-sectional survey, we assessed the probability of adequate iodine intake by two 24-h food diaries and UIC from two fasting morning spot urine samples in 276 participants. The participants included children ( n = 47), adolescents ( n = 46), adults ( n = 71), the elderly ( n = 23), pregnant women ( n = 45), ovo-lacto vegetarians ( n = 25), and vegans ( n = 19)...
February 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460799/customized-nutrition-intervention-and-personalized-counseling-helps-achieve-nutrition-targets-in-perioperative-liver-transplant-patients
#19
D K Daphnee, Sheila John, P Rajalakshmi, Anil Vaidya, Anand Khakhar, S Bhuvaneshwari, Anand Ramamurthy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutritional therapy is an integral part of care in all phases of liver transplantation (LTx). However, there are several factors that make it a challenge to manage malnutrition in these patients including, but not limited to, loss of appetite, dietary restrictions and dietary habits. Dietary habits are guided by personal choice, social, cultural and regional background with diversity ranging from veganism to vegetarianism with the latter predominant in Indian population...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432508/a-study-on-the-relationship-between-orthorexia-and-vegetarianism-using-the-bot-bratman-test-for-orthorexia
#20
Anna Dittfeld, Katarzyna Gwizdek, Paweł Jagielski, Joanna Brzęk, Katarzyna Ziora
OBJECTIVES: The following article presents the relationship between vegetarianism and orthorexia nervosa (ON). Vegetarianism is an ideology and a way of life that aims at minimizing animal exploitation. A vegetarian diet excludes the consumption of meat together with other animal derived products. According to scientists, orthorexia nervosa is considered to be a new, yet unclassified eating disorder. It involves introducing dietary restrictions by individuals who feel a desire to improve their health status by healthy eating...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
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