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Ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, vulvar cancer, uterine neoplasms

Josiane Angéline Tonato Bagnan, Justin Lewis Denakpo, Benjamin Aguida, Laure Hounkpatin, Antoine Lokossou, José De Souza, René Xavier Perrin
INTRODUCTION: The gynecological and mammary cancers constitute a major preoccupation for the international community because they represent an important cause of mortality and morbidity among women. However, their systematic tracking is not always current in our countries of the south. This survey aims to evaluate the epidemiological features of these cancers in hospital-academic environment in Cotonou. METHOD: It is a retrospective survey with a structural descriptive and analytic aim during a period of 9 years, from January 1st, 2000 to December 31, 2008...
February 1, 2013: Bulletin du Cancer
S Ivanov
AIM: The oncological diseases during pregnancy are very rare, but the incidence rate is constantly increasing. The diagnosis and treatment of the cancer during pregnancy are connected with the risk of the diagnostic procedures on the foetus and the risk of the treatment methods upon the developing foetus. That is why we decided to assess and research our and foreign experience in this field. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective research work in this field...
2011: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Frédéric Amant, Lieselot Brepoels, Michael J Halaska, Mina Mhallem Gziri, Kristel Van Calsteren
Cancer complicating pregnancy endangers two lives. Any approach should look at both maternal and foetal safety. Maternal prognosis will not improve by terminating the pregnancy. Imaging for staging purposes is possible, and sonar and magnetic resonance imaging are the preferred examinations. Abdominopelvic computed tomography exposes the foetus to the highest doses radiation and should be avoided. Provided a thorough maternal monitoring to ensure a stable uteroplacental blood flow and foetal oxygenation, surgical techniques that are used in non-pregnant patients are also safe for pregnant patients...
February 2010: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Malgorzata Banys, Erich-Franz Solomayer, Sven Becker, Natalia Krawczyk, Konstantinos Gardanis, Annette Staebler, Hans Neubauer, Diethelm Wallwiener, Tanja Fehm
INTRODUCTION: The presence of disseminated tumor cells (DTC) in the bone marrow (BM) of breast cancer patients is associated with poor prognosis. Several studies demonstrated that tumor cell dissemination may occur in gynecologic cancer and affect clinical outcome. The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence of DTC and to assess their prognostic significance in patients with gynecologic malignancies. METHODS: Bone marrow aspirates from 377 patients with primary ovarian (112), endometrial (141), cervical (102), and vulvar cancer (22) undergoing surgery at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospital, Tuebingen, Germany between November 2001 and November 2007, were included into the study...
July 2009: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Ahmadou Dem, B Traoré, M M Dieng, P S Diop, T Ouajdi, M T Lalami, M Diop, J M Dangou, P Touré
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of gynaecological and breast cancers among women and to study their risk factors and diagnostic aspects at the Institut Curie of Dakar. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This retrospective study included all cancers seen at the Institute in 2001. Epidemiological and clinical variables were collected from the patients' medical records and analysed. RESULTS: This study showed that of all 786 cancers in women, 507 were gynaecological or breast cancers...
January 2008: Santé: Cahiers D'étude et de Recherches Francophones
M Ascencio, P Collinet, M Cosson, D Vinatier, S Mordon
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a specific anticancer treatment that received significant interest in several medical and surgical disciplines. The technique is based on (i) the application of the photosensitizer that accumulates in a variable time in the neoplasic lesions and on (ii) excitation (by light whose wavelength coincides with the absorption peak of the photosensitizer) that (iii) finally causes the destruction of the lesion. This technique allows a minimally-invasive, effective and targeted treatment of some gynecological diseases...
November 2007: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
Nicoletta Biglia, Luca Mariani, Davide Marenco, Claudio Robba, Elisa Peano, Franziska Kubatzki, Piero Sismondi
Thousands of women are treated each year for gynaecological cancers; many of these are already in menopause, while other younger patients will go into early menopause due to surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy to the pelvic region. The aim of this paper is to review the biological and clinical evidence in favour and against hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use after gynaecological cancers. With the exception of breast and endometrial cancer, there is no biological evidence that HRT may increase the recurrence risk...
2006: Gynäkologisch-geburtshilfliche Rundschau
F Sabban, P Collinet, M Cosson, S Mordon
Fluorescence techniques are presently used by several medical and surgical disciplines (dermatology, pneumology, urology, gastrointestinal surgery) for the diagnosis of pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions. The technique is based on the application of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) which induces the production of an endogen photosensitizer: protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). Fluorescence detection of the infraclinical dysplasia lesion is based on the contrast between fluorescent pathological tissue and non-fluorescent healthy tissue...
December 2004: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Nicoletta Biglia, Angelo Gadducci, Riccardo Ponzone, Riccardo Roagna, Piero Sismondi
OBJECTIVE: Thousands of women are treated each year for cancer; many of these are already in menopause, while other younger patients will go into early menopause due to surgery, or chemotherapy, or the need for radiotherapy to the pelvic region. In most cases the oncologist and the gynaecologist would advise these women against the use of HRT. The purpose of this paper is to review biological and clinical evidences in favour and against HRT use in the different tumours and to propose an algorithm that can help choosing the treatment for the single woman...
August 20, 2004: Maturitas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 1964: Die Medizinische Welt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1964: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Krishnansu Sujata Tewari, Philip John DiSaia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2002: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
B E Miller
The objective of this study was to determine if breast cancer risk assessment following the Gail model should be incorporated into a gynecologic oncology clinic. The Gail model was used to assess the risk of breast cancer in 329 patients with preinvasive lower genital tract disease (Pre, n = 86), invasive vulvar and cervical (Cx, n = 102), uterine (Ut, n = 87), and ovarian cancer (Ov, n = 54) seen in an inner city gynecologic oncology office. T-test, chi square test, and Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients were used for statistical evaluation...
July 2002: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
R Sikorski
The Author reviews the problem of neoplasmatic complications of pregnancy focusing mainly on genital tumors such as vulvar, vaginal, cervical, uterine, tubal and ovarian neoplasms as well as on other pelvic tumors originating from the bladder and bowel. Non-genital neoplasms such as breast cancer, Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, leukemia, melanoma and thyroid cancer are also addressed. Literature data on the incidence of tumors in pregnant women are reviewed and the therapeutic options considering both the mother and the fetus are discussed...
December 2001: Ginekologia Polska
K Furniss
Women who adopt healthy lifestyles and practice preventive healthy behaviors can reduce the risks of some cancers and other diseases, such as heart disease and sexually transmitted infections. Risk factors associated with the most common gynecologic cancers and breast cancer are identified, diagnostic and screening alternatives are described, and preventive health practices and information to include when counseling women about making healthy choices are suggested.
November 2000: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
J L Benedet, H Bender, H Jones, H Y Ngan, S Pecorelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2000: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
I Korneeva, A M Bongiovanni, M Girotra, T A Caputo, S S Witkin
OBJECTIVES: Among women the association between heat shock protein immunity and cancer has been examined primarily for breast cancer. Autoantibodies to the 27-kd heat shock protein were detected in some patients with breast cancer but not in control subjects, and the presence of these antibodies was correlated with improved survival. We examined the relationship between autoimmunity to heat shock proteins and the diagnosis of malignancies of the female genital tract. STUDY DESIGN: Serum samples from women seen for possible gynecologic malignancies or returning for evaluation after surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination for gynecologic cancers were tested for immunoglobulin G antibodies to the 27-kd, 60-kd, 70-kd, and 90-kd heat shock proteins by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with the purified recombinant proteins bound to wells of a microtiter plate...
July 2000: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
K Mayerhofer, K Bodner, C Aktas, M Schindl, A Kaider, S Leodolter, E A Joura, C Kainz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of knowledge about serum tumor markers in patients suffering from gynecologic cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 360 women with a median age of 60 years (range: 26-88 years) visiting the oncological outpatient clinic of the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the University of Vienna, between February and July 1998, were asked to complete a self-report questionnaire. RESULTS: The majority of patients (85...
March 2000: Anticancer Research
E M Rakowicz-Szulczynska
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-like antigens RAK (named after the inventor E. M. Rakowicz) p120, p42, and p25, as well as HIV-1-like segments of cancer DNA (RAK gene alpha), have been found before in breast and prostate cancers. The present study focused on determining the value of markers RAK in the diagnosis and prognosis of gynecological cancer. Expression of RAK antigens in ovarian, uterine, cervical, and vulvar cancer, in benign tumors, in tissues adjacent to cancer, and in normal tissues was tested by Western blot hybridization of the electrophoretically separated proteins with monoclonal antibody RAK BrI...
May 2000: Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
E C Grendys, C Salud, J K Durfee, J V Fiorica
Gynecologic malignancies account for 15% of all cancer diagnosis in women. Primary lymphatic spread is well recognized in vulvar, cervical, uterine, and ovarian carcinomas. Vulvar carcinoma spreads locally to the inguinofemoral lymph nodes in a relatively predictable fashion similar to the local spread of breast carcinoma. Lymphatic mapping using radioactive colloid should provide adequate means to sample these nodal basins while attempting to reduce postoperative morbidity. Methods of vulvar lymphoscintigraphy are described...
July 1999: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
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