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Lorimer Moseley

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697535/reproducible-and-replicable-pain-research-a-critical-review
#1
Hopin Lee, Sarah E Lamb, Matthew K Bagg, Elaine Toomey, Aidan G Cashin, G Lorimer Moseley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597080/individual-variation-in-pain-sensitivity-and-conditioned-pain-modulation-in-acute-low-back-pain-impact-of-stimulus-type-sleep-psychological-and-lifestyle-factors
#2
David M Klyne, G Lorimer Moseley, Michele Sterling, Mary F Barbe, Paul W Hodges
Generalised hyperalgesia and impaired pain modulation are reported in chronic low back pain (LBP). Few studies have tested whether these features are present in the acute-phase. This study aimed to test for differences in pain presentation in early-acute LBP and evaluate the potential contribution of other factors to variation in sensitivity. Individuals within two weeks of onset of acute LBP (N=126) and pain-free controls (N=74) completed questionnaires related to their pain, disability, behaviour and psychological status before undergoing conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and pain threshold (heat, cold and pressure) testing at the back and forearm/thumb...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462464/determining-brain-mechanisms-that-underpin-analgesia-induced-by-the-use-of-pain-coping-skills
#3
Leonie J Cole, Kim L Bennell, Yasmin Ahamed, Christina Bryant, Francis Keefe, G Lorimer Moseley, Paul Hodges, Michael J Farrell
Objective: Cognitive behavioral therapies decrease pain and improve mood and function in people with osteoarthritis. This study assessed the effects of coping strategies on the central processing of knee pain in people with osteoarthritis of the knees. Methods: Mechanical pressure was applied to exacerbate knee pain in 28 people with osteoarthritis of the knee. Reports of pain intensity and functional magnetic resonance imaging measures of pain-related brain activity were recorded with and without the concurrent use of pain coping skills...
February 16, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404212/a-quasi-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-of-glitter-green-light-imaging-interpretation-to-enhance-recovery-a-psychoeducational-intervention-for-adults-with-low-back-pain-attending-secondary-care
#4
Emma L Karran, Susan L Hillier, Yun-Hom Yau, James H McAuley, G Lorimer Moseley
Background: Although it is broadly accepted that clinicians should endeavour to reassure patients with low back pain, to do so can present a significant clinical challenge. Guidance for how to provide effective reassurance is scarce and there may be a need to counter patient concerns arising from misinterpretation of spinal imaging findings. 'GLITtER' (Green Light Imaging Intervention to Enhance Recovery) was developed as a standardised method of communicating imaging findings in a manner that is reassuring and promotes engagement in an active recovery...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353149/different-ways-to-balance-the-spine-in-sitting-muscle-activity-in-specific-postures-differs-between-individuals-with-and-without-a-history-of-back-pain-in-sitting
#5
Andrew P Claus, Julie A Hides, G Lorimer Moseley, Paul W Hodges
BACKGROUND: Previous research explored muscle activity in four distinct sitting postures with fine-wire electromyography, and found that lumbar multifidus muscle activity increased incrementally between sitting with flat thoracolumbar and lumbar regions, long thoracolumbar lordosis, or short lordosis confined to the lumbar region. This study used similar methods to explore whether people with a history of low back pain provoked by prolonged sitting used different patterns of trunk muscle activity in specific postures...
February 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351958/recent-data-from-radiofrequency-denervation-trials-further-emphasise-that-treating-nociception-is-not-the-same-as-treating-pain
#6
Matthew K Bagg, James H McAuley, G Lorimer Moseley, Benedict Martin Wand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342976/a-child-s-concept-of-pain-an-international-survey-of-pediatric-pain-experts
#7
Joshua W Pate, Julia M Hush, Mark J Hancock, G Lorimer Moseley, David S Butler, Laura E Simons, Verity Pacey
A child's 'concept of pain' refers to how they understand what pain actually is, what function pain serves, and what biological processes are thought to underpin it. We aimed to determine pediatric pain experts' opinions of: (1) the importance and usefulness of assessing a child's concept of pain in clinical and/or research settings; (2) the usefulness of the content of items within currently published adult-targeted resources for assessing a child's concept of pain; and (3) important domains of a child's concept of pain to assess...
January 15, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298215/are-group-size-and-composition-associated-with-treatment-outcomes-in-group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#8
Dianne Wilson, Shylie Mackintosh, Michael K Nicholas, G Lorimer Moseley, Daniel Costa, Claire Ashton-James
This study explored whether group size and group member characteristics (age, sex, and compensation status) were associated with patient outcomes (changes in pain and disability). Retrospective analyses of outcome data obtained from 2 independently run group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programs for chronic pain (Program A: N = 317 and Program B: N = 693) were conducted. Intracluster correlations were significant in both studies, indicating group-level effects on patient outcomes in both group CBT programs for chronic pain...
April 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230375/the-impact-of-choosing-words-carefully-an-online-investigation-into-imaging-reporting-strategies-and-best-practice-care-for-low-back-pain
#9
Emma L Karran, Yasmin Medalian, Susan L Hillier, G Lorimer Moseley
Background: Low back pain clinical practice guidelines consistently recommend against the routine ordering of spinal imaging; however, imaging is frequently requested in primary care, without evidence of benefit. Imaging reports frequently identify degenerative features which are likely to be interpreted as 'abnormal', despite their high prevalence in symptom-free individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate whether post-imaging back-related perceptions are influenced by providing prior information about normal findings, and to compare the effect of receiving imaging results with best practice care (without imaging)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147798/the-reassuring-potential-of-spinal-imaging-results-development-and-testing-of-a-brief-psycho-education-intervention-for-patients-attending-secondary-care
#10
Emma L Karran, Yun-Hom Yau, Susan L Hillier, G Lorimer Moseley
PURPOSE: To develop and test a standardised method of interpreting spinal imaging findings in a manner designed to reassure patients with low back pain and promote engagement in an active recovery. METHODS: A five-phase development and testing process involved collaborative working party contributions, informal and formal appraisal of the intervention content by clinicians and consumers, a two-stage online evaluation of the take-home patient resource, and onsite testing...
January 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095651/factors-associated-with-vitamin-d-testing-deficiency-intake-and-supplementation-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#11
Manasi Gaikwad, Simon Vanlint, G Lorimer Moseley, Murthy N Mittinty, Nigel Stocks
Vitamin D deficiency is a public health issue, with reports of six- to twenty-five-fold rise in vitamin D testing. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to many chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, depression, and chronic pain. Identifying factors associated with risk of deficiency in individuals with chronic pain will help minimize time and cost. This study aims to examine the factors associated with vitamin D testing, intake, and physician-advised supplementation in individuals with chronic pain...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031589/implicit-evaluations-and-physiological-threat-responses-in-people-with-persistent-low-back-pain-and-fear-of-bending
#12
J P Caneiro, Peter O'Sullivan, Anne Smith, G Lorimer Moseley, Ottmar V Lipp
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pain and protective behaviour are dependent on implicit evaluations of danger to the body. However, current assessment of perceived danger relies on self-report, on information of which the person is aware and willing to disclose. To overcome this limitation, attempts have been made to investigate implicit evaluation of movement-related threatening images in people with persistent low back pain (PLBP) and pain-related fear. Lack of specificity of the sample and stimuli limited those explorations...
October 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851924/feeling-stiffness-in-the-back-a-protective-perceptual-inference-in-chronic-back-pain
#13
Tasha R Stanton, G Lorimer Moseley, Arnold Y L Wong, Gregory N Kawchuk
Does feeling back stiffness actually reflect having a stiff back? This research interrogates the long-held question of what informs our subjective experiences of bodily state. We propose a new hypothesis: feelings of back stiffness are a protective perceptual construct, rather than reflecting biomechanical properties of the back. This has far-reaching implications for treatment of pain/stiffness but also for our understanding of bodily feelings. Over three experiments, we challenge the prevailing view by showing that feeling stiff does not relate to objective spinal measures of stiffness and objective back stiffness does not differ between those who report feeling stiff and those who do not...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827315/pain-in-elite-athletes-neurophysiological-biomechanical-and-psychosocial-considerations-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Brian Hainline, Judith A Turner, J P Caneiro, Mike Stewart, G Lorimer Moseley
Pain is a common problem among elite athletes and is frequently associated with sport injury. Both injury and pain interfere with peak performance. Pain management should be based on the physiological, anatomical and psychosocial influences on the individual's pain and is not equivalent to injury management, which focuses on musculoskeletal recovery and return-to-play. This narrative review provides a foundation for understanding the differing causes and types of pain in elite athletes, thereby serving as a springboard for comprehensive pain management...
September 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827314/international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-on-pain-management-in-elite-athletes
#15
Brian Hainline, Wayne Derman, Alan Vernec, Richard Budgett, Masataka Deie, Jiří Dvořák, Chris Harle, Stanley A Herring, Mike McNamee, Willem Meeuwisse, G Lorimer Moseley, Bade Omololu, John Orchard, Andrew Pipe, Babette M Pluim, Johan Ræder, Christian Siebert, Mike Stewart, Mark Stuart, Judith A Turner, Mark Ware, David Zideman, Lars Engebretsen
Pain is a common problem among elite athletes and is frequently associated with sport injury. Both pain and injury interfere with the performance of elite athletes. There are currently no evidence-based or consensus-based guidelines for the management of pain in elite athletes. Typically, pain management consists of the provision of analgesics, rest and physical therapy. More appropriately, a treatment strategy should address all contributors to pain including underlying pathophysiology, biomechanical abnormalities and psychosocial issues, and should employ therapies providing optimal benefit and minimal harm...
September 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812285/the-reliability-of-eyetracking-to-assess-attentional-bias-to-threatening-words-in-healthy-individuals
#16
Ian W Skinner, Markus Hübscher, G Lorimer Moseley, Hopin Lee, Benedict M Wand, Adrian C Traeger, Sylvia M Gustin, James H McAuley
Eyetracking is commonly used to investigate attentional bias. Although some studies have investigated the internal consistency of eyetracking, data are scarce on the test-retest reliability and agreement of eyetracking to investigate attentional bias. This study reports the test-retest reliability, measurement error, and internal consistency of 12 commonly used outcome measures thought to reflect the different components of attentional bias: overall attention, early attention, and late attention. Healthy participants completed a preferential-looking eyetracking task that involved the presentation of threatening (sensory words, general threat words, and affective words) and nonthreatening words...
August 15, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779873/spatially-defined-motor-deficits-in-people-with-unilateral-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#17
Emily J Reid, Felicity A Braithwaite, Sarah B Wallwork, Daniel Harvie, K Jane Chalmers, Charles Spence, Alberto Gallace, G Lorimer Moseley
OBJECTIVE: Spatially-defined disruption of autonomic and sensory function has been identified in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS). This study aimed to determine whether motor performance is also disrupted in a spatially-defined manner in people with CRPS. METHODS: Thirteen people with CRPS type 1 of the upper limb participated in two motor experiments. In Experiment 1 participants performed a circle drawing task that primarily tested motor accuracy. In Experiment 2 participants performed a button pressing task that tested motor co-ordination...
July 14, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704623/process-of-change-in-pain-related-fear-clinical-insights-from-a-single-case-report-of-persistent-back-pain-managed-with-cognitive-functional-therapy
#18
J P Caneiro, Anne Smith, Martin Rabey, G Lorimer Moseley, Peter O'Sullivan
Study Design Single case report with repeated measures over 18 months. Background Management of persistent low back pain (PLBP) associated with high pain-related fear is complex. This case report aims to provide clinicians with insight into the process of change in a person with PLBP and high bending-related fear, who was managed with an individualized behavioral approach of cognitive functional therapy. Case Description A retired manual worker with PLBP believed that his spine was degenerating, that bending would hurt him, and that avoidance was the only form of pain control...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650969/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-knee-specific-body-perception-questionnaire-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-the-fremantle-knee-awareness-questionnaire
#19
Tomohiko Nishigami, Akira Mibu, Katsuyoshi Tanaka, Yuh Yamashita, Eiji Yamada, Benedict M Wand, Mark J Catley, Tasha R Stanton, G Lorimer Moseley
BACKGROUND: Recent systematic reviews have demonstrated that pain associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex phenomenon that involves various contributors. People with knee OA exhibit symptoms of impaired body-perception, including reduced tactile acuity, impairments in limb laterality recognition, and degraded proprioceptive acuity. The Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ) was developed to assess body-perception specific to the back in people with chronic low back pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545779/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-patient-education-for-acute-low-back-pain-prevent-trial-statistical-analysis-plan
#20
Adrian C Traeger, Ian W Skinner, Markus Hübscher, Hopin Lee, G Lorimer Moseley, Michael K Nicholas, Nicholas Henschke, Kathryn M Refshauge, Fiona M Blyth, Chris J Main, Julia M Hush, Garry Pearce, Serigne Lo, James H McAuley
BACKGROUND: Statistical analysis plans increase the transparency of decisions made in the analysis of clinical trial results. The purpose of this paper is to detail the planned analyses for the PREVENT trial, a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of patient education for acute low back pain. RESULTS: We report the pre-specified principles, methods, and procedures to be adhered to in the main analysis of the PREVENT trial data. The primary outcome analysis will be based on Mixed Models for Repeated Measures (MMRM), which can test treatment effects at specific time points, and the assumptions of this analysis are outlined...
May 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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