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Lorimer Moseley

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100231/can-screening-instruments-accurately-determine-poor-outcome-risk-in-adults-with-recent-onset-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Emma L Karran, James H McAuley, Adrian C Traeger, Susan L Hillier, Luzia Grabherr, Leslie N Russek, G Lorimer Moseley
BACKGROUND: Delivering efficient and effective healthcare is crucial for a condition as burdensome as low back pain (LBP). Stratified care strategies may be worthwhile, but rely on early and accurate patient screening using a valid and reliable instrument. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of LBP screening instruments for determining risk of poor outcome in adults with LBP of less than 3 months duration. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PEDro, Web of Science, SciVerse SCOPUS, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from June 2014 to March 2016...
January 19, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087845/waking-eeg-cortical-markers-of-chronic-pain-and-sleepiness
#2
Danny Camfferman, G Lorimer Moseley, Kevin Gertz, Mark W Pettet, Mark P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Spectral power analyses of EEG recordings are reported to distinguish the cortical activity of individuals with chronic pain from those of controls. Further study of these spectral patterns may provide a greater understanding of the processes associated with chronic pain, in addition to providing potential biometric markers of chronic pain for use in both clinical and research settings. However, sleep deprived groups have demonstrated similar characteristics in their spectral power characteristics, particularly in alpha bandwidth power activity...
January 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081134/pain-a-statistical-account
#3
REVIEW
Abby Tabor, Michael A Thacker, G Lorimer Moseley, Konrad P Körding
Perception is seen as a process that utilises partial and noisy information to construct a coherent understanding of the world. Here we argue that the experience of pain is no different; it is based on incomplete, multimodal information, which is used to estimate potential bodily threat. We outline a Bayesian inference model, incorporating the key components of cue combination, causal inference, and temporal integration, which highlights the statistical problems in everyday perception. It is from this platform that we are able to review the pain literature, providing evidence from experimental, acute, and persistent phenomena to demonstrate the advantages of adopting a statistical account in pain...
January 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064524/an-embedded-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-teaser-campaign-to-optimise-recruitment-in-primary-care
#4
Hopin Lee, Markus Hübscher, G Lorimer Moseley, Steven J Kamper, Adrian C Traeger, Ian W Skinner, Christopher M Williams, James H McAuley
BACKGROUND: Marketing communication and brand identity is a fundamental principle of advertising and end-user engagement. Health researchers have begun to apply this principle to trial recruitment in primary care. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a Teaser Campaign using a series of postcards in advance of a conventional mail-out increases the number of primary care clinics that engage with a clinical trial. METHODS: Embedded randomised recruitment trial across primary care clinics (general practitioners and physiotherapists) in the Sydney metropolitan area...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058032/understanding-patient-perspectives-on-management-of-their-chronic-pain-online-survey-protocol
#5
Manasi Gaikwad, Simon Vanlint, G Lorimer Moseley, Murthy N Mittinty, Nigel Stocks
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognized that both doctors and patients report discontent regarding pain management provided and received. The impact of chronic pain on an individual's life resonates beyond physical and mental suffering; equal or at times even greater impact is observed on an individual's personal relationships, ability to work, and social interactions. The degree of these effects in each individual varies, mainly because of differences in biological factors, social environment, past experiences, support, and belief systems...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939089/the-resolve-trial-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#6
Matthew K Bagg, Markus Hübscher, Martin Rabey, Benedict M Wand, Edel O'Hagan, G Lorimer Moseley, Tasha R Stanton, Chris G Maher, Stephen Goodall, Sopany Saing, Neil E O'Connell, Hannu Luomajoki, James H McAuley
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain is the leading worldwide cause of disability, and results in significant personal hardship. Most available treatments, when tested in high-quality randomised, controlled trials, achieve only modest improvements in pain, at best. Recently, treatments that target central nervous system function have been developed and tested in small studies. Combining treatments that target central nervous system function with traditional treatments directed towards functioning of the back is a promising approach that has yet to be tested in adequately powered, prospectively registered, clinical trials...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886941/management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-compensable-environment-implementation-of-helpful-and-unhelpful-models-of-care-in-supporting-recovery-and-return-to-work
#7
REVIEW
Darren Beales, Kal Fried, Michael Nicholas, Fiona Blyth, Damien Finniss, G Lorimer Moseley
Models of Care (MoCs) for injured workers in the compensation environment recommend adoption of biopsychosocial management approaches. Still, widespread dominance of biomedical constructs at the system, organisational and individual levels of the compensation system prevails, contributing to suboptimal management practices and outcomes for injured workers. Efforts to implement contemporary MoCs in the compensation environment show some promise in improving outcomes. Areas of promise at the organisational level, particularly in the workplace, and at the system level are discussed...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875480/innovative-treatments-for-back-pain
#8
G Lorimer Moseley
Innovation involves asking new questions, or taking new approaches to old questions. For a problem as old as back pain, one might expect innovations to be rare. That back pain has been the most burdensome non-fatal health condition for over 25 years, and that the treatments that are available are not very effective, clearly points to the need for innovative approaches. The most eye-catching innovations of the last decade have taken novel approaches to the intervertebral disk, but the disconnect between back pain and structural pathology of the spine suggest that the impact of any so targeted approaches will be limited...
November 21, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778047/relative-contributions-of-spatial-weighting-explicit-knowledge-and-proprioception-to-hand-localisation-during-positional-ambiguity
#9
Valeria Bellan, Helen R Gilpin, Tasha R Stanton, Lilja K Dagsdóttir, Alberto Gallace, G Lorimer Moseley
When vision and proprioception are rendered incongruent during a hand localisation task, vision is initially weighted more than proprioception in determining location, and proprioception gains more weighting over time. However, it is not known whether, under these incongruency conditions, particular areas of space are also weighted more heavily than others, nor whether explicit knowledge of the sensory incongruence (i.e. disconfirming the perceived location of the hand) modulates the effect. Here, we hypothesised that both non-informative inputs coming from one side of space and explicit knowledge of sensory incongruence would modulate perceived location of the limb...
October 24, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688310/classical-conditioning-fails-to-elicit-allodynia-in-an-experimental-study-with-healthy-humans
#10
Victoria J Madden, Leslie N Russek, Daniel S Harvie, Johan W S Vlaeyen, G Lorimer Moseley
OBJECTIVE : Associative learning has been proposed as a mechanism behind the persistence of pain after tissue healing. The simultaneous occurrence of nociceptive and non-nociceptive input during acute injury mimics the pairings thought to drive classical conditioning effects. However, empirical evidence for classically conditioned allodynia is lacking. We aimed to manipulate pain thresholds with a classical conditioning procedure that used non-nociceptive somatosensory stimuli as conditioned stimuli (CS) and nociceptive stimuli as unconditioned stimuli...
September 28, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554310/a-case-matched-study-of-neurophysiological-correlates-to-attention-working-memory-in-people-with-somatic-hypervigilance
#11
Carolyn Berryman, Vikki Wise, Tasha R Stanton, Alexander McFarlane, G Lorimer Moseley
OBJECTIVE: Somatic hypervigilance describes a clinical presentation in which people report more, and more intense, bodily sensations than is usual. Most explanations of somatic hypervigilance implicate altered information processing, but strong empirical data are lacking. Attention and working memory are critical for information processing, and we aimed to evaluate brain activity during attention/working memory tasks in people with and without somatic hypervigilance. METHOD: Data from 173 people with somatic hypervigilance and 173 controls matched for age, gender, handedness, and years of education were analyzed...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532296/reply
#12
Hopin Lee, James H McAuley, Markus Hübscher, Steven J Kamper, Adrian C Traeger, G Lorimer Moseley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530980/a-single-session-of-mirror-based-tactile-and-motor-training-improves-tactile-dysfunction-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-a-replicated-randomized-controlled-case-series
#13
Megan L Auld, Leanne M Johnston, Remo N Russo, G Lorimer Moseley
INTRODUCTION: This replicated randomized controlled crossover case series investigated the effect of mirror-based tactile and motor training on tactile registration and perception in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). METHODS: Six children with UCP (6-18 years; median 10 years, five male, three-left hemiplegia, four-manual ability classification system (MACS) I, one MACS II and one MACS III) participated. They attended two 90-minute sessions - one of mirror-based training and one of standard practice, bimanual therapy - in alternated order...
August 17, 2016: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522250/what-you-wear-does-not-affect-the-credibility-of-your-treatment-a-blinded-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Adrian C Traeger, Ian W Skinner, Markus Hübscher, Nicholas Henschke, G Lorimer Moseley, James H McAuley
OBJECTIVE: Professional appearance is easily modifiable, and might alter the effects of a clinical encounter. We aimed to determine whether professional attire influences a patient's perception of treatment credibility. METHODS: We performed a single-blind randomized controlled study on 128 patients with acute non-specific low back pain who were about to receive treatment in primary care. The treating clinician was randomly allocated to wear formal attire (experimental condition) or casual attire (control condition) to the consultation...
January 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513733/isometric-contractions-are-more-analgesic-than-isotonic-contractions-for-patellar-tendon-pain-an-in-season-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Ebonie Rio, Mathijs van Ark, Sean Docking, G Lorimer Moseley, Dawson Kidgell, Jamie E Gaida, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Johannes Zwerver, Jill Cook
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the immediate analgesic effects of 2 resistance programs in in-season athletes with patellar tendinopathy (PT). Resistance training is noninvasive, a principle stimulus for corticospinal and neuromuscular adaptation, and may be analgesic. DESIGN: Within-season randomized clinical trial. Data analysis was conducted blinded to group. SETTING: Subelite volleyball and basketball competitions. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty jumping athletes aged more than 16 years, participating in games/trainings 3 times per week with clinically diagnosed PT...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452948/pain-by-association-experimental-modulation-of-human-pain-thresholds-using-classical-conditioning
#16
Victoria J Madden, Valeria Bellan, Leslie N Russek, Danny Camfferman, Johan W S Vlaeyen, G Lorimer Moseley
UNLABELLED: A classical conditioning framework is often used for clinical reasoning about pain that persists after tissue healing. However, experimental studies demonstrating classically conditioned pain in humans are lacking. The current study tested whether non-nociceptive somatosensory stimuli can come to modulate pain thresholds after being paired with painful nociceptive stimuli in healthy humans. We used a differential simultaneous conditioning paradigm in which one nonpainful vibrotactile conditioned stimulus (CS(+)) was simultaneously paired with an unconditioned painful laser stimulus, and another vibrotactile stimulus (CS(-)) was paired with a nonpainful laser stimulus...
October 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442717/graded-motor-imagery-for-patients-with-stroke-a-non-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-new-approach
#17
Andrea Polli, Lorimer G Moseley, Elisabetta Gioia, Tim Beames, Alfonc Baba, Michela Agostini, Paolo Tonin, Andrea Turolla
BACKGROUND: Graded Motor Imagery (GMI) is a new approach that is thought to promote graded cortical brain activation and may promote motor recovery after stroke. AIM: This non-randomised controlled trial investigated the feasibility and clinical effect of GMI in motor recovery after stroke. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Inpatient subjects of neurorehabilitation hospital. POPULATION: Twenty-eight patients (i...
July 21, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429178/more-than-just-do-it-fear-based-exposure-for-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#18
G Lorimer Moseley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400010/local-and-systemic-inflammation-in-localized-provoked-vestibulodynia-a-systematic-review
#19
K Jane Chalmers, Victoria J Madden, Mark R Hutchinson, G Lorimer Moseley
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and critically evaluate all available evidence investigating whether localized, provoked vestibulodynia is associated with a specific inflammatory profile at both a local and a systemic level. DATA SOURCES: Comprehensive electronic searches were performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Cochrane Collaboration databases, and ClinicalTrials.gov. The search strategy was developed using MeSH terms related to localized, provoked vestibulodynia, and inflammatory markers...
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305112/no-telescoping-effect-with-dual-tendon-vibration
#20
Valeria Bellan, Sarah B Wallwork, Tasha R Stanton, Carlo Reverberi, Alberto Gallace, G Lorimer Moseley
The tendon vibration illusion has been extensively used to manipulate the perceived position of one's own body part. However, findings from previous research do not seem conclusive sregarding the perceptual effect of the concurrent stimulation of both agonist and antagonist tendons over one joint. On the basis of recent data, it has been suggested that this paired stimulation generates an inconsistent signal about the limb position, which leads to a perceived shrinkage of the limb. However, this interesting effect has never been replicated...
2016: PloS One
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