Read by QxMD icon Read

Syk 352

Lorena Buitrago, Dheeraj Bhavanasi, Carol Dangelmaier, Bhanu Kanth Manne, Rachit Badolia, Alessandra Borgognone, Alexander Y Tsygankov, Steven E McKenzie, Satya P Kunapuli
Protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms differentially regulate platelet functional responses downstream of glycoprotein VI (GPVI) signaling, but the role of PKCs regulating upstream effectors such as Syk is not known. We investigated the role of PKC on Syk tyrosine phosphorylation using the pan-PKC inhibitor GF109203X (GFX). GPVI-mediated phosphorylation on Syk Tyr-323, Tyr-352, and Tyr-525/526 was rapidly dephosphorylated, but GFX treatment inhibited this dephosphorylation on Tyr-525/526 in human platelets but not in wild type murine platelets...
October 4, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Xianwen Chen, Lige Ren, Soochong Kim, Nicholas Carpino, James L Daniel, Satya P Kunapuli, Alexander Y Tsygankov, Dehua Pei
TULA-1 (UBASH3A/STS-2) and TULA-2 (p70/STS-1) represent a novel class of protein-tyrosine phosphatases. Previous studies suggest that TULA-2 is sequence-selective toward phosphotyrosyl (Tyr(P)) peptides. In this work the substrate specificity of TULA-1 and -2 was systematically evaluated by screening a combinatorial Tyr(P) peptide library. Although TULA-1 showed no detectable activity toward any of the Tyr(P) peptides in the library, TULA-2 recognizes two distinct classes of Tyr(P) substrates. On the N-terminal side of Tyr(P), the class I substrates contain a proline at the Tyr(P)-1 position, a hydrophilic residue at the Tyr(P)-2 position, and aromatic hydrophobic residues at positions Tyr(P)-3 and beyond...
October 8, 2010: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Laura Carsetti, Luca Laurenti, Stefania Gobessi, Pablo G Longo, Giuseppe Leone, Dimitar G Efremov
The Syk kinase is regarded as a promising target for the treatment of antigen-driven B-cell malignancies, considering its essential role in propagating antigenic stimuli through the B-cell receptor (BCR). In certain common B-cell malignancies Syk is activated even in the absence of BCR engagement, suggesting a wider role for this kinase in lymphomagenesis. In this paper, we have profiled molecular differences between BCR-induced and constitutive Syk activation in terms of phosphorylation of regulatory tyrosine residues, downstream signaling properties and capacity to sustain B-cell proliferation...
July 2009: Cellular Signalling
Henry E Speich, Svetozar Grgurevich, Teddi J Kueter, Angela D Earhart, Steven M Slack, Lisa K Jennings
Atherosclerotic plaques can lead to partial vascular occlusions that produce abnormally high levels of arterial wall shear stress. Such pathophysiological shear stress can promote shear-induced platelet aggregation (SIPA), which has been linked to acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and stroke. This study investigated the role of the tyrosine kinase Syk in shear-induced human platelet signaling. The extent of Syk tyrosine phosphorylation induced by pathophysiological levels of shear stress (100 dyn/cm(2)) was significantly greater than that resulting from physiological shear stress (10 dyn/cm(2))...
October 2008: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Kamala Bhavaraju, Soochong Kim, James L Daniel, Satya P Kunapuli
In the present study, we characterized OXSI-2 [3-(1-Methyl-1H-indol-3-yl-methylene)-2-oxo-2, 3-dihydro-1H-indole-5-sulfonamide], a putative inhibitor of Syk, and determined its specificity and selectivity in platelets. We found that OXSI-2 completely abolished convulxin-induced platelet functional responses. In order to determine whether OXSI-2 inhibited Src family kinase-mediated platelet responses, we evaluated its effect on Src family kinase (SFK)-mediated signaling events in platelets, viz. Lyn-mediated phosphorylation of Y352 on Syk, LAT-Y191 phosphorylation by Syk, and protease-activated receptor (PAR)-mediated phosphorylation of ERK...
February 12, 2008: European Journal of Pharmacology
C L Law, K A Chandran, S P Sidorenko, E A Clark
Antigen receptor ligation on lymphocytes activates protein tyrosine kinases and phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) isoforms. Glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins containing the C-terminal Src-homology 2 [SH2(C)] domain of PLC-gamma1 bound to tyrosyl phosphorylated Syk. Syk isolated from antigen receptor-activated B cells phosphorylated PLC-gamma1 on Tyr-771 and the key regulatory residue Tyr-783 in vitro, whereas Lyn from the same B cells phosphorylated PLC-gamma1 only on Tyr-771. The ability of Syk to phosphorylate PLC-gamma1 required antigen receptor ligation, while Lyn was constitutively active...
April 1996: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"