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Workplace-based learning

Eliot L Rees, Benjamin Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
Gillian King, Nicole Thomson, Mitchell Rothstein, Shauna Kingsnorth, Kathryn Parker
Purpose One of the major issues faced by academic health science centers (AHSCs) is the need for mechanisms to foster the integration of research, clinical, and educational activities to achieve the vision of evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) and optimal client care. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach This paper synthesizes literature on organizational learning and collaboration, evidence-informed organizational decision making, and learning-based organizations to derive insights concerning the nature of effective workplace learning in AHSCs...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Ellen J Eckes, Debbie Gutierrez, Ann Peterson, Melissa Hubbard, Kevin Barrett, Ann Marie Matlock
Nurses manage patients with common infectious diseases by following institutional guidelines based on expert advice, evidence in the literature, and a wealth of experience. Today nurses are challenged to provide care to patients with multidrug-resistant organisms and virulent infectious diseases such as Ebola virus disease. Management of some patients with virulent infectious diseases occurs in the context of minimal experience with the pathogen, course of infection, diagnostics, nursing care, and treatment...
October 2016: Critical Care Nurse
Warren Kealy-Bateman, Beth Kotze, Lisa Lampe
OBJECTIVE: To provide information relevant to decision-making around the timing of attempting the centrally administered summative assessments in the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) 2012 Fellowship Program. METHODS: We consider the new Competency-Based Fellowship Program of the RANZCP and its underlying philosophy, the trainee trajectory within the program and the role of the supervisor. The relationship between workplace-based and external assessments is discussed...
September 27, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Damian J Castanelli, Tanisha Jowsey, Yan Chen, Jennifer M Weller
INTRODUCTION: Workplace-based assessment is integral to programmatic assessment in a competency-based curriculum. In 2013, one such assessment, a mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX) with a novel "entrustability scale", became compulsory for over 1,200 Australia and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) trainees. We explored trainees' and supervisors' understanding of the mini-CEX, their experience with the assessment, and their perceptions of its influence on learning and supervision...
September 23, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Amelia Kehoe, John McLachlan, Jane Metcalf, Simon Forrest, Madeline Carter, Jan Illing
CONTEXT: Many health services and systems rely on the contribution of international medical graduates (IMGs) to the workforce. However, concern has grown around their regulation and professional practice. There is a need, in the absence of strong evidence and a robust theoretical base, for a deeper understanding of the efficacy of interventions used to support IMGs' transition to their host countries. This study seeks to explore and synthesise evidence relating to interventions developed for IMGs...
October 2016: Medical Education
Nicola Benwell, Kathryn Hird, Nicholas Thomas, Erin Furness, Mark Fear, Greg Sweetman
Objective Fiona Stanley Hospital (FSH) is the first hospital in Western Australia to implement a digital medical record (BOSSnet, Core Medical Solutions, Australia). Formal training in the use of the digital medical record is provided to all staff as part of the induction program. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the current training program facilitates efficient and accurate use of the digital medical record in clinical practice.Methods Participants were selected from the cohort of junior doctors employed at FSH in 2015...
September 5, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Jed D Gonzalo, Catherine Lucey, Terry Wolpaw, Anna Chang
To ensure physician readiness for practice and leadership in changing health systems, an emerging three-pillar framework for undergraduate medical education integrates the biomedical and clinical sciences with health systems science, which includes population health, health care policy, and interprofessional teamwork. However, the partnerships between medical schools and health systems that are commonplace today use health systems as a substrate for learning. Educators need to transform the relationship between medical schools and health systems...
August 30, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Susanne Gerhard-Szep, Arndt Güntsch, Peter Pospiech, Andreas Söhnel, Petra Scheutzel, Torsten Wassmann, Tugba Zahn
AIM: At the annual meeting of German dentists in Frankfurt am Main in 2013, the Working Group for the Advancement of Dental Education (AKWLZ) initiated an interdisciplinary working group to address assessments in dental education. This paper presents an overview of the current work being done by this working group, some of whose members are also actively involved in the German Association for Medical Education's (GMA) working group for dental education. The aim is to present a summary of the current state of research on this topic for all those who participate in the design, administration and evaluation of university-specific assessments in dentistry...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Chia-Der Lin, Blossom Yen-Ju Lin
BACKGROUND: In the education field, learning experiences are considered learners' properties and are viewed as a key determinant in explaining learners' learning processes, especially for training novices such as clerks with varying levels of commitment to the medical profession. This study explored whether clerks' achievement goal motivation orientations might buffer the negative well-being to a certain extent, considering their training demands during clinical training. METHODS: Ninety-four clerks at a tertiary medical center were longitudinally traced during their 2-year clerkship spanning from September 2013 to April 2015...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Kate Davis, Sarahlouise White, Matthew Stephenson
BACKGROUND: A healthy workplace culture enables nurses to experience valuable learning in the workplace. Learning in the workplace enables the provision of evidence-based and continuously improving safe patient care, which is central to achieving good patient outcomes. Therefore, nurses need to learn within a workplace that supports the implementation of evidence-based, professional practice and enables the best patient outcomes; the influence of workplace culture may play a role in this...
June 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Kylie Eddy, Zoe Jordan, Matthew Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Teamwork is seen as an important element of patient care in acute hospital settings. The complexity of the journey of care for patients highlights the need for health professionals to collaborate and communicate clearly with each other. Health organizations in western countries are committed to improving patient safety through education of staff and teamwork education programs have been integral to this focus. There are no current systematic reviews of the experience of health professionals who participate in teamwork education in acute hospital settings...
April 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Kim Manley, Anne Martin, Carolyn Jackson, Toni Wright
BACKGROUND: Overcrowding in emergency departments is a global issue, which places pressure on the shrinking workforce and threatens the future of high quality, safe and effective care. Healthcare reforms aimed at tackling this crisis have focused primarily on structural changes, which alone do not deliver anticipated improvements in quality and performance. The purpose of this study was to identify workforce enablers for achieving whole systems urgent and emergency care delivery. METHODS: A multiple case study design framed around systems thinking was conducted in South East England across one Trust consisting of five hospitals, one community healthcare trust and one ambulance trust...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Trevor A Foulk, David M Long
Organizational newcomers are unfamiliar with many aspects of their workplace and look for information to help them reduce uncertainty and better understand their new environment. One aspect critical to newcomers is the disposition of their supervisor-the person who arguably can impact the newcomer's career the most. To form an impression of their new supervisor, newcomers look to social cues from coworkers who have interpersonal contact with the supervisor. In the present research, we investigate the ways newcomers use observed ingratiation-a common impression management strategy whereby coworkers try to appear likable (Schlenker, 1980)-to form impressions of a supervisor's warmth...
October 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
Hanna Risku
Situated learning has become a dominant goal in the translation classroom: translation didactics is being developed in a learner-, situation- and experience-based direction, following constructivist and participatory teaching philosophies. However, the explicit use of situated approaches has, so far, not been the centre of attention in translation theory teaching and research training. As a consequence, translation theory often remains unconnected to the skills learned and topics tackled in language-specific translation teaching and the challenges experienced in real-life translation practice...
January 2, 2016: Interpret Transl Train
Maggie Bartlett, James Crossley, Robert McKinley
BACKGROUND: Educational feedback is amongst the most powerful of all learning interventions. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: (1) Can we measure the quality of written educational feedback with acceptable metrics? (2) Based on such a measure, does a quality improvement (QI) intervention improve the quality of feedback? STUDY DESIGN: We developed a QI instrument to measure the quality of written feedback and applied it to written feedback provided to medical students following workplace assessments...
August 8, 2016: Education for Primary Care
L Batty, K McKinnon, A Skidmore, M McKinnon
BACKGROUND: Workplace-based assessment (WBA) is the assessment of specialist competence based on what a trainee doctor actually does in the workplace. Between January 2014 and January 2015, all UK occupational medicine (OM) trainees were invited to test a suite of direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) tools designed in a supervised learning event (SLE) format. The Faculty of Occupational Medicine (FOM) Workplace-Based Assessment Advisory Group (WBAAG) studied feedback on the new format...
August 6, 2016: Occupational Medicine
Duncan McNab, Paul Bowie, Alastair Ross, Jill Morrison
Learning from events with unwanted outcomes is an important part of workplace based education and providing evidence for medical appraisal and revalidation. It has been suggested that adopting a 'systems approach' could enhance learning and effective change. We believe the following key principles should be understood by all healthcare staff, especially those with a role in developing and delivering educational content for safety and improvement in primary care. When things go wrong, professional accountability involves accepting there has been a problem, apologising if necessary and committing to learn and change...
July 2016: Education for Primary Care
Holly Blake, Emily Gartshore
The aim was to develop and evaluate an online learning tool for use with UK healthcare employees, healthcare educators and healthcare students, to increase knowledge of workplace wellness as an important public health issue. A 'Workplace Wellness' e-learning tool was developed and peer-reviewed by 14 topic experts. This focused on six key areas relating to workplace wellness: work-related stress, musculoskeletal disorders, diet and nutrition, physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption. Each key area provided current evidence-based information on causes and consequences, access to UK government reports and national statistics, and guidance on actions that could be taken to improve health within a workplace setting...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Aileen Barrett, Rose Galvin, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Pim W Teunissen, Ann O'Shaughnessy, Mary Horgan
PURPOSE: Workplace-based assessments (WBAs) were originally intended to inform learning and development by structuring effective observation-based feedback. The success of this innovation has not yet been established due in part to the widely varied tools, implementation strategies and research approaches. Using a conceptual framework of experience, trajectories and reifications in workplace learning, we aimed to explore trainer and trainee experiences and perceptions of the learning value of WBAs...
August 2, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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