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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330842/self-perceived-long-term-transfer-of-learning-after-postpartum-hemorrhage-simulation-training
#1
Brena C P Melo, Ana R Falbo, Jette Led Sorensen, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer, Cees van der Vleuten
OBJECTIVE: To explore long-term transfer (application of acquired knowledge and skills on the job) after postpartum hemorrhage simulation training based on either instructional design (ID) principles or conventional best practice. METHODS: In this qualitative study, semi-structured interviews with obstetrics and gynecology healthcare practitioners were conducted between August 7 and September 26, 2015, in Recife, Brazil. The participants were randomly selected from each of two postpartum hemorrhage simulations attended 2 years earlier (one ID and one conventional best practice)...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314172/shifting-mindsets-a-realist-synthesis-of-evidence-from-self-management-support-training
#2
REVIEW
Freya Davies, Fiona Wood, Alison Bullock, Carolyn Wallace, Adrian Edwards
CONTEXT: Accompanying the growing expectation of patient self-management is the need to ensure health care professionals (HCPs) have the required attitudes and skills to provide effective self-management support (SMS). Results from existing training interventions for HCPs in SMS have been mixed and the evidence base is weaker for certain settings, including supporting people with progressive neurological conditions (PNCs). We set out to understand how training operates, and to identify barriers and facilitators to training designed to support shifts in attitudes amongst HCPs...
January 4, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233369/do-fourth-year-pharmacy-students-use-facebook-to-form-workplace-based-learning-peer-groups-during-rotations
#3
Jennifer Phillips, Jacob Gettig, Kristen Goliak, Sheila Allen, Nancy Fjortoft
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to gain an understanding of whether pharmacy students are using Facebook® to create formal or informal workplace-based peer groups to learn from each other and share information while completing their advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). METHODS: Fourth-year pharmacy students from two colleges of pharmacy in the same geographical area were recruited by email to participate. Inclusion criteria were: completion of two or more APPEs, current assignment to an APPE rotation in the local area, and a Facebook® profile...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226237/competency-based-postgraduate-medical-education-past-present-and-future
#4
Olle Ten Cate
Since the turn of the twenty-first century, competency-based medical education (CBME) has become a dominant approach to postgraduate medical education in many countries. CBME has a history dating back half a century and is rooted in general educational approaches such as outcome-based education and mastery learning. Despite controversies around the terminology and the CBME approach, important national medical regulatory bodies in Canada, the United States, and other countries have embraced CBME. CBME can be characterized as having two distinct features: a focus on specific domains of competence, and a relative independence of time in training, making it an individualized approach that is particularly applicable in workplace training...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210872/new-nursing-faculty-and-incivility-applying-mindfulness-based-strategies
#5
Cheryl Green
Workplace incivility remains a problem within the nursing profession. As nurse leaders, we must recognize and not ignore the complexity of cultures that have adapted incivility into the work environment. Nursing education is a discipline that requires collaborative team work, independent drive, and commitment. New nursing faculty experiencing incivility can use mindfulness-based meditation approaches to cope with uncivil behaviors experienced within the workplace. Nurse educators applying the concepts of mindfulness can learn how to provide themselves self-care by reducing stress, as enhanced daily awareness of peace and calm are incorporated into their lifestyle...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172761/a-longitudinal-interprofessional-simulation-curriculum-for-critical-care-teams-exploring-successes-and-challenges
#6
Laurie W Leclair, Mary Dawson, Alison Howe, Sue Hale, Eric Zelman, Ryan Clouser, Garth Garrison, Gilman Allen
Interprofessional care teams are the backbone of intensive care units (ICUs) where severity of illness is high and care requires varied skills and experience. Despite this care model, longitudinal educational programmes for such workplace teams rarely include all professions. In this article, we report findings on the initial assessment and evaluation of an ongoing, longitudinal simulation-based curriculum for interprofessional workplace critical care teams. The study had two independent components, quantitative learner assessment and qualitative curricular evaluation...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157239/does-faculty-development-influence-the-quality-of-in-training-evaluation-reports-in-pharmacy
#7
Kerry Wilbur
BACKGROUND: In-training evaluation reports (ITERs) of student workplace-based learning are completed by clinical supervisors across various health disciplines. However, outside of medicine, the quality of submitted workplace-based assessments is largely uninvestigated. This study assessed the quality of ITERs in pharmacy and whether clinical supervisors could be trained to complete higher quality reports. METHODS: A random sample of ITERs submitted in a pharmacy program during 2013-2014 was evaluated...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140258/do-effort-and-reward-at-work-predict-changes-in-cognitive-function-first-longitudinal-results-from-the-representative-german-socio-economic-panel
#8
Natalie Riedel, Johannes Siegrist, Natalia Wege, Adrian Loerbroks, Peter Angerer, Jian Li
It has been suggested that work characteristics, such as mental demands, job control, and occupational complexity, are prospectively related to cognitive function. However, current evidence on links between psychosocial working conditions and cognitive change over time is inconsistent. In this study, we applied the effort-reward imbalance model that allows to build on previous research on mental demands and to introduce reward-based learning as a principle with beneficial effect on cognitive function. We aimed to investigate whether high effort, high reward, and low over-commitment in 2006 were associated with positive changes in cognitive function in terms of perceptual speed and word fluency (2006-2012), and whether the co-manifestation of high effort and high reward would yield the strongest association...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094626/workplace-learning-through-collaboration-in-primary-healthcare-a-beme-realist-review-of-what-works-for-whom-and-in-what-circumstances-beme-guide-no-46
#9
Fien Mertens, Esther de Groot, Loes Meijer, Johan Wens, Mary Gemma Cherry, Myriam Deveugele, Roger Damoiseaux, Ann Stes, Peter Pype
BACKGROUND: Changes in healthcare practice toward more proactive clinical, organizational and interprofessional working require primary healthcare professionals to learn continuously from each other through collaboration. This systematic review uses realist methodology to consolidate knowledge on the characteristics of workplace learning (WPL) through collaboration by primary healthcare professionals. METHODS: Following several scoping searches, five electronic bibliographic databases were searched from January 1990 to December 2015 for relevant gray and published literature written in English, French, German and Dutch...
November 2, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076580/workplace-culture-and-the-practice-experience-of-midwifery-students-a-meta-synthesis
#10
Fiona Arundell, Judy Mannix, Athena Sheehan, Kath Peters
AIM: To describe midwifery students' practice experience and to explore facilitators and barriers to positive clinical learning experiences. BACKGROUND: Practice experience is a vital component of every midwifery course. Course dissatisfaction and attrition of midwifery students has been attributed to sub-optimal practice experiences. Events or actions experienced by midwifery students that trigger dissatisfaction and attrition need to be identified. EVALUATION: A meta-synthesis was based on that developed by Noblit and Hare...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058564/developing-standards-for-an-integrated-approach-to-workplace-facilitation-for-interprofessional-teams-in-health-and-social-care-contexts-a-delphi-study
#11
Anne Martin, Kim Manley
Integration of health and social care forms part of health and social care policy in many countries worldwide in response to changing health and social care needs. The World Health Organization's appeal for systems to manage the global epidemiologic transition advocates for provision of care that crosses boundaries between primary, community, hospital, and social care. However, the focus on structural and process changes has not yielded the full benefit of expected advances in care delivery. Facilitating practice in the workplace is a widely recognised cornerstone for developments in the delivery of health and social care as collaborative and inclusive relationships enable frontline staff to develop effective workplace cultures that influence whether transformational change is achieved and maintained...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984375/context-matters-when-striving-to-promote-active-and-lifelong-learning-in-medical-education
#12
Joris J Berkhout, Esther Helmich, Pim W Teunissen, Cees P M van der Vleuten, A Debbie C Jaarsma
WHERE DO WE STAND NOW?: In the 30 years that have passed since The Edinburgh Declaration on Medical Education, we have made tremendous progress in research on fostering 'self-directed and independent study' as propagated in this declaration, of which one prime example is research carried out on problem-based learning. However, a large portion of medical education happens outside of classrooms, in authentic clinical contexts. Therefore, this article discusses recent developments in research regarding fostering active learning in clinical contexts...
October 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984354/cpd-of-the-future-a-partnership-between-quality-improvement-and-competency-based-education
#13
Joan Sargeant, Brian M Wong, Craig M Campbell
CONTEXT: Many of those involved in continuing professional development (CPD) over the past 10 years have engaged in discussions about its goals and activities. Whereas in the past CPD was viewed as an education intervention directed towards the medical expert role, recent research highlights the need to expand the scope of CPD and to promote its more explicit role in improving patient care and health outcomes. Recent developments in quality improvement (QI) and competency-based medical education (CBME), guided by appropriate theories of learning and change, can shed light on how the field might best advance...
January 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981901/improving-work-outcome-in-supported-employment-for-serious-mental-illness-results-from-2-independent-studies-of-errorless-learning
#14
Robert S Kern, Roberto Zarate, Shirley M Glynn, Luana R Turner, Kellie M Smith, Sharon S Mitchell, Catherine A Sugar, Morris D Bell, Robert P Liberman, Alex Kopelowicz, Michael F Green
Background: Heterogeneity in work outcomes is common among individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Objective: In 2 studies, we sought to examine the efficacy of adding errorless learning, a behavioral training intervention, to evidence-based supported employment to improve SMI work outcomes. Work behavior problems were targeted for intervention. We also explored associations between early work behavior and job tenure. Methods: For both studies (VA: n = 71; community mental health center: n = 91), randomization occurred at the time of job obtainment with participants randomized (1:1) to either errorless learning plus ongoing supported employment or ongoing supported employment alone and then followed for 12 months...
July 26, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961658/successes-and-lessons-learned-from-implementing-community-health-worker-programs-in-community-based-and-clinical-settings-insights-from-the-gulf-coast
#15
Mya Sherman, Hannah Covert, Laila Fox, Maureen Lichtveld
CONTEXT: Community health workers (CHWs) are an increasingly viable component of the American health system. While organizations may be interested in incorporating CHWs into the health care workforce, there are challenges to doing so. OBJECTIVE: This study characterizes the successes and lessons learned from implementing new CHW programs in clinical and community-based settings in 4 US Gulf states. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews were conducted with CHWs and their supervisors...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944936/smoking-cessation-in-workplace-settings-quit-rates-and-determinants-in-a-group-behaviour-therapy-programme
#16
Yann Hausherr, Carlos Quinto, Leticia Grize, Christian Schindler, Nicole Probst-Hensch
INTRODUCTION: To capitalise on the opportunities that the smoking ban legislation in Switzerland offers for the prevention of tobacco-related diseases, a smoking cessation programme in a workplace setting was developed and implemented in companies across the language and cultural regions of Switzerland. Our goal was to identify factors associated with relapse into smoking that may be overcome during training sessions or that should be considered for the optimisation of future interventions...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#17
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923370/nursing-students-perceptions-of-preparation-to-engage-in-patient-education
#18
Elizabeth Richard, Teresa Evans, Bev Williams
Patient teaching is a key component of graduate nursing practice. Nurses sometimes believe that their undergraduate teaching does not prepare them to engage in effective patient teaching. In addition, nursing students often do not use teaching resources when engaging in patient teaching. The aim of this focused ethnographic study was to determine if students in a CBL/PBL based learning undergraduate nursing program engage in patient teaching when they are in the clinical area. Focus groups and shorter individual interviews were used to ensure in-depth data collection...
September 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893767/gps-perceptions-of-resilience-training-a-qualitative-study
#19
Anna Cheshire, John Hughes, George Lewith, Maria Panagioti, David Peters, Chantal Simon, Damien Ridge
BACKGROUND: GPs are reporting increasing levels of burnout, stress, and job dissatisfaction, and there is a looming GP shortage. Promoting resilience is a key strategy for enhancing the sustainability of the healthcare workforce and improving patient care. AIM: To explore GPs' perspectives on the content, context, and acceptability of resilience training programmes in general practice, in order to build more effective GP resilience programmes. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a qualitative study of the perspectives of GPs currently practising in England...
October 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883889/a-review-of-factors-affecting-the-transfer-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-training-into-practice-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-country-humanitarian-settings
#20
Kristen Beek, Angela Dawson, Anna Whelan
BACKGROUND: A lack of access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among displaced women and girls of reproductive age. Efforts to address this public health emergency in humanitarian settings have included the widespread delivery of training programmes to address gaps in health worker capacity for SRH. There remains a lack of data on the factors which may affect the ability of health workers to apply SRH knowledge and skills gained through training programmes in humanitarian contexts...
2017: Conflict and Health
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