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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336504/wolbachia-induced-transcription-factor-gata4-suppresses-ovary-specific-genes-blastoderm-specific-protein-25d-and-imaginal-disc-growth-factor
#1
S Osei-Amo, M Hussein, S Asad, L Hugo, S Asgari
The endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia infects a wide array of insect hosts and has been implicated in a range of biological modifications as a consequence of its infection. Previously, it was shown that the transcription factor GATA4 was significantly induced in Wolbachia wMelPop-CLA strain infected Aedes aegypti whole mosquitoes and cells. Here, we provide evidence that this induction also occurs in mosquito ovaries where the ovary-specific genes blastoderm-specific protein 25D (Bsg25D) and imaginal disc growth factor (Disc) are suppressed by Wolbachia...
January 16, 2018: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324748/trans10-cis12-conjugated-linoleic-acid-inhibits-proliferation-and-migration-of-ovarian-cancer-cells-by-inducing-er-stress-autophagy-and-modulation-of-src
#2
Mian M K Shahzad, Mildred Felder, Kai Ludwig, Hannah R Van Galder, Matthew L Anderson, Jong Kim, Mark E Cook, Arvinder K Kapur, Manish S Patankar
The goal of this study was to investigate the anti-cancer effects of Trans10,cis12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10,c12 CLA). MTT assays and QCM™ chemotaxis 96-wells were used to test the effect of t10,c12 CLA on the proliferation and migration and invasion of cancer cells. qPCR and Western Blotting were used to determine the expression of specific factors. RNA sequencing was conducted using the Illumina platform and apoptosis was measured using a flow cytometry assay. t10,c12 CLA (IC50, 7 μM) inhibited proliferation of ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV-3 and A2780...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324651/incidence-microbiological-profile-and-risk-factors-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-intensive-care-units-a-10-year-observation-in-a-provincial-hospital-in-southern-poland
#3
Małgorzata Kołpa, Marta Wałaszek, Agnieszka Gniadek, Zdzisław Wolak, Wiesław Dobroś
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) occurring in patients treated in an intensive care unit (ICU) are serious complications in the treatment process. Aetiological factors of these infections can have an impact on treatment effects, treatment duration and mortality. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and microbiological profile of HAIs in patients hospitalized in an ICU over a span of 10 years. The active surveillance method was used to detect HAIs in adult patients who spent over 48 h in a general ICU ward located in southern Poland between 2007 and 2016...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317155/compensatory-mechanism-of-the-spine-after-corrective-surgery-without-lumbar-sacral-fixation-for-traumatic-thoracolumbar-kyphotic-spine-deformity
#4
Koji Matsumoto, Masahiro Hoshino, Keita Omori, Hidetoshi Igarashi, Takashi Tsuruta, Koji Yamasaki, Hiromi Matsuzaki, Takanori Iriuchishima, Yasuaki Tokuhashi
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether long fusion including lumbar-sacral fixation is needed in corrective surgery to obtain good global sagittal balance (GSB) for the treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar kyphotic spine deformity. The purposes of this study were to evaluate compensatory mechanism of the spine after corrective surgery without lumbar-sacral fixation and to evaluate the parameters affecting the achievement of good GSB post-operatively. METHODS: Twenty (20) subjects requiring corrective surgery (distal end of fixation was L3) were included in this study...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310736/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-isomers-and-essential-fatty-acids-in-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells
#5
D Dipasquale, L Basiricò, P Morera, R Primi, A Tröscher, U Bernabucci
Fatty acids are important modulators of inflammatory responses, in particular, n-3 and n-6 essential fatty acids and CLA have received particular attention for their ability to modulate inflammation. The objectives of this study were to compare the effects of CLA and essential fatty acids on the expression of pro and anti- inflammatory cytokines and their protective efficacy against inflammatory status in mammary gland by an in vitro model based on bovine mammary epithelial cells (BME-UV1). Bovine mammary epithelial cells were treated with complete medium containing either 50 µM of cis-9, trans-11 CLA (c9,t11 CLA) or trans-10, cis-12 CLA (t10,c12 CLA) or (α)-linolenic acid (aLnA) or (γ)-linolenic acid (gLnA) or linoleic acid (LA)...
January 9, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306896/serum-conjugated-linoleic-acid-and-risk-of-incident-heart-failure-in-older-men-the-british-regional-heart-study
#6
S Goya Wannamethee, Barbara J Jefferis, Lucy Lennon, Olia Papacosta, Peter H Whincup, Aroon D Hingorani
BACKGROUND: Evidence largely from animal studies suggests that conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) may have cardiovascular health benefits. However, few prospective studies have examined the association between CLA and cardiovascular disease. We have prospectively examined the association between serum CLA and incident coronary heart disease and heart failure (HF) in older men. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective study of 3806 men, aged 60 to 79 years, without prevalent HF followed up for an average of 13 years, during which there were 295 incident HF cases...
January 6, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304058/feeding-sunflower-cake-from-biodiesel-production-to-santa-ines-lambs-physicochemical-composition-fatty-acid-profile-and-sensory-attributes-of-meat
#7
Anny Graycy Vasconcelos de Oliveira Lima, Ronaldo Lopes Oliveira, Thadeu Mariniello Silva, Analívia Martins Barbosa, Thiago Vinicius Costa Nascimento, Vinicius da Silva Oliveira, Rebeca Dantas Xavier Ribeiro, Elzânia Sales Pereira, Leilson Rocha Bezerra
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the inclusion of sunflower cake in the diets of lambs on meat quality. Forty male, uncastrated Santa Ines lambs with an initial average body weight of 20.9 ± 0.41 kg were used in a completely randomized design with four treatments. The lambs were fed 500 g/kg hay and 500 g/kg concentrate (corn, soybean meal, urea, ammonium sulfate and sunflower cake) in their diet, and the experimental treatments were 0, 10, 20, and 30% sunflower cake inclusion (DM basis)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288248/effect-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-on-blood-inflammatory-markers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, B Fatemeh Nobakht M Gh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid with attractive biological activities. Numerous studies have been conducted on the inflammation-lowering effects of CLA in in vitro and animal models. However, the effects of CLA treatment on the inflammatory markers in humans are controversial. Therefore, the objective of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on controlled clinical trials (RCT) assessing the effects of CLA supplementation on the circulating inflammatory markers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)...
December 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287386/selective-synthesis-of-partial-glycerides-of-conjugated-linoleic-acids-via-modulation-of-the-catalytic-properties-of-lipases-by-immobilization-on-different-supports
#9
Carlos M Verdasco-Martín, Eduardo Garcia-Verdugo, Raul Porcar, Roberto Fernandez-Lafuente, Cristina Otero
Lipases B from Candida antarctica (CALB), Rhizomucor miehei (RML) and Thermomyces lanuginosus (TLL) were immobilized on octadecyl methacylate (OM) or octadecyl methacrylate (OMC) beads. Their specific activity and regioselectivity were studied in the synthesis of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) partial glycerides, which presented nutraceutical properties. TLL derivatives were poor catalysts. Novozym® 435 was much better than Lipozyme® RM IM. RML activity (a GRAS enzyme) was modulated via immobilization. After only 3 h, OM-RML gave the highest CLA conversion (54% at 40 °C with 1:3 M ratio of glycerol to CLA)...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285140/bayesian-network-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-conventional-laparoscopic-appendectomy-and-open-appendectomy-for-the-treatment-of-acute-appendicitis
#10
Jian Feng, Naiqiang Cui, Zhenyu Wang, Jutao Duan
The present study aimed to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA) and open appendectomy (OA) for the treatment of acute appendicitis. PubMed and Embase databases were systematically searched to identify relevant studies comparing the effectiveness of different appendectomy methods for treating acute appendicitis published prior to April 2016. ADDIS 1.16.5 software was used for data analysis. Heterogeneity was assessed using I2 statistic...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248212/influence-of-conjugated-linoleic-acids-and-vitamin-e-on-biochemical-hematological-and-immunological-variables-of-dairy-cows-during-the-transition-period
#11
S Schäfers, D von Soosten, U Meyer, C Drong, J Frahm, A Tröscher, W Pelletier, H Sauerwein, S Dänicke
The objective of this experiment was to determine the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin E as well as their interaction on biochemical and hematological variables and on leukocyte populations and their functionality. We assigned 59 German Holstein cows between the 2nd and 9th lactation to 4 dietary groups in a 2 × 2 factorial design with the factors CLA and vitamin E. Six weeks before calving the cows had a BCS of 3.7 to provoke a higher risk of developing ketosis, which might impair their immune function...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235137/development-of-hplc-with-fluorescent-detection-using-nbd-f-for-the-quantification-of-colistin-sulfate-in-rat-plasma-and-its-pharmacokinetic-applications
#12
Sui Ouchi, Kazuaki Matsumoto, Maki Okubo, Yuta Yokoyama, Junko Kizu
Colistin sulfate, composed of a mixture of colistin A sulfate (CLA) and colistin B sulfate (CLB), is available for treating life-threatening infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. In this study, the CLA and CLB were quantified separately. Colistin sulfate was extracted from rat plasma with a solid-phase extraction C18 cartridge and reacted with 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-F), and the fluorescent derivatives were subjected to reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography analysis and used to investigate the pharmacokinetics of CLA and CLB in rat plasma...
December 12, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225086/circulating-allergen-specific-th2-lymphocytes-ccr4-rather-than-cla-is-the-predominant-phenotype-in-peanut-allergic-subjects
#13
Lars H Blom, Nanna Juel-Berg, Lau Fabricius Larsen, Kirsten S Hansen, Lars K Poulsen
The skin and airway homing chemokine CCR4, but not CLA, emerged as the primary discriminating homing factor, of Th2 lymphocytes, suggesting that peanut sensitization occurs both via the skin and airways.
December 7, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219061/effect-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-supplementation-on-serum-leptin-concentration-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Mitra Hariri
BACKGROUND: There are controversies regarding the effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on serum leptin. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the effect of CLA on serum leptin concentrations. METHOD: Databases such as Ovid, PubMed/Medline, SCOPUS, Google Scholar, and ISI databases up to January 2017 were searched. The searches included RCTs conducted among human adults, and studies on the effect of conjugated linoleic acid on serum leptin concentrations as outcome variables...
December 7, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179551/synthetic-access-to-non-canonical-strigolactones-syntheses-of-carlactonic-acid-and-methyl-carlactonoate
#15
Michael Christian Dieckmann, Pierre-Yves Dakas, Alain De Mesmaeker
Strigolactones are plant hormones regulating essential stages of a plants development. Their low natural abundance combined with a low chemical stability significantly hampered the detailed investigation of their biological activity. Non-canonical strigolactones lack the fused tricyclic ABC-ring system commonly present in canonical-type strigolactones, but feature an open chain unit linking structurally diverse A-ring moieties to the butenolide D-ring. We herein present an efficient synthetic access to enantiomerically pure non-canonical strigolactones by a Stille cross-coupling approach to forge the central diene moiety and demonstrate this strategy by syntheses of natural products methyl carlactonoate (MeCLA) and carlactonic acid (CLA)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178910/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-leaves-and-whole-plant-of-andrographis-paniculata-on-rumen-fermentation-fatty-acid-composition-and-microbiota-in-goats
#16
Aisha L Yusuf, Kazeem D Adeyemi, Anjas A Samsudin, Yong M Goh, Abdul Razak Alimon, Awis Q Sazili
BACKGROUND: The nature and amount of dietary medicinal plants are known to influence rumen fermentation and nutrient digestibility in ruminants. Nonetheless, changes in nutrient digestibility and rumen metabolism in response to dietary Andrographis paniculata (AP) in goats are unknown. This study examined the effects of dietary supplementation of leaves and whole plant of AP on nutrient digestibility, rumen fermentation, fatty acids and rumen microbial population in goats. Twenty-four Boer crossbred bucks (4 months old; average body weight of 20...
November 24, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178459/inflammatory-and-metabolic-responses-to-an-intramammary-lipopolysaccharide-challenge-in-early-lactating-cows-supplemented-with-conjugated-linoleic-acid
#17
J J Gross, L Grossen-Rösti, R Héritier, A Tröscher, R M Bruckmaier
Supplementation of dairy cows with trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) allows nutrient repartitioning despite an energy deficiency in early lactation, which might be a benefit for the immune system, too. In this study, we investigated potential nutrient sparing effects of CLA in early lactating cows with low plasma glucose concentrations exposed to an intramammary lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Fifteen multiparous Holstein cows were exposed to an intramammary LPS challenge in week 4 p.p. Eight cows (CLA) were supplemented daily with 70 g of lipid-encapsulated CLA (6...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174312/association-of-corynebacterium-pseudotuberculosis-recombinant-proteins-rcp09720-or-rcp01850-with-rpld-as-immunogens-in-caseous-lymphadenitis-immunoprophylaxis
#18
Mara Thais de Oliveira Silva, Francisco Silvestre Brilhante Bezerra, Rodrigo Barros de Pinho, Karine Rech Begnini, Fabiana Kommling Seixas, Tiago Collares, Ricardo Dias Portela, Vasco Azevedo, Odir Dellagostin, Sibele Borsuk
Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is a chronic disease responsible for significant economic losses in sheep and goat breeding worldwide. The treatment for this disease is not effective, and an intense vaccination schedule would be the best control strategy. In this study, we evaluated the associations of rCP09720 or rCP01850 proteins from Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis with recombinant exotoxin phospholipase D (rPLD) as subunit vaccines in mice. Four experimental groups (10 animals each) were immunized with a sterile 0...
January 2, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173222/maternal-conjugated-linoleic-acid-modulates-tag-metabolism-in-adult-rat-offspring
#19
Jimena Lavandera, Carolina D Gerstner, Juliana Saín, Ana C Fariña, Marcela A González, Claudio A Bernal
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) might regulate the lipid depots in liver and adipose tissue. As there is an association between maternal nutrition, fat depots and risk of offspring chronic disease, the aim was to investigate the effect of maternal CLA consumption on TAG regulation and some inflammatory parameters in adult male rat offspring receiving or not receiving CLA. Female Wistar rats were fed control (C) or CLA-supplemented (1 %, w/w) diets during 4 weeks before and throughout pregnancy and lactation...
November 27, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171092/oral-keratinocytes-synthesize-ctack-a-new-insight-into-the-pathophysiology-of-the-oral-mucosa
#20
Alison Marshall, Antonio Celentano, Nicola Cirillo, Michael McCullough, Stephen Porter
The skin-associated chemokine CTACK plays a key role in many inflammatory conditions and could be instrumental in the pathophysiology of tissue-specific immunological diseases such as oral lichen planus (OLP). In the present study, we investigated by RT-PCR, ELISA, chemotaxis assays, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) the production of CTACK in oral keratinocytes, its expression in tissues from normal and OLP patients, and its role in T cell recruitment. CTACK was produced by the oral epithelium and it affects chemotaxis of memory CLA+ cells to the oral epithelium...
November 24, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
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