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Mental health physiotherapy

Nefyn H Williams, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Nicola Totton, Joanna M Charles, Claire A Hawkes, Val Morrison, Zoe Hoare, Michelle Williams, Aaron W Pritchard, Swapna Alexander, Andrew Lemmey, Robert T Woods, Catherine Sackley, Pip Logan, Rhiannon T Edwards, Clare Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a rigorous feasibility study for a future definitive parallel-group randomised controlled trial (RCT) and economic evaluation of an enhanced rehabilitation package for hip fracture. SETTING: Recruitment from 3 acute hospitals in North Wales. Intervention delivery in the community. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (aged ≥65) who received surgical treatment for hip fracture, lived independently prior to fracture, had mental capacity (assessed by clinical team) and received rehabilitation in the North Wales area...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Open
Eloise Cj Carr, Emma V Briggs, Michelle Briggs, Nick Allcock, Pauline Black, Derek Jones
BACKGROUND: Studies in Europe, North America and Australasia suggest that one in five adults suffer from pain. There is increasing recognition that pain, particularly chronic pain, represents a global health burden. Many studies, including two national surveys exploring the content of undergraduate curricula for pain education, identify that documented pain education in curricula was limited and fragmentary. METHODS: The study design used a questionnaire which included an open text comment box for respondents to add 'further comments' as part of larger study previously published...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Hagit Berdishevsky, Victoria Ashley Lebel, Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Manuel Rigo, Andrea Lebel, Axel Hennes, Michele Romano, Marianna Białek, Andrzej M'hango, Tony Betts, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Jacek Durmala
In recent decades, there has been a call for change among all stakeholders involved in scoliosis management. Parents of children with scoliosis have complained about the so-called "wait and see" approach that far too many doctors use when evaluating children's scoliosis curves between 10° and 25°. Observation, Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercises (PSSE) and bracing for idiopathic scoliosis during growth are all therapeutic interventions accepted by the 2011 International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT)...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Deepak Ganjiwale, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Shweta Parikh
BACKGROUND: Stroke has a great impact not only on patients' but also on their caregivers' lives. Carers may experience high levels of burden that can result in deterioration of their health status, social life, and well-being. Association between quality of life (QOL) of carers and that of stroke survivors in Indian setting is not much researched. AIMS AND SETTINGS: To find out QOL and mental health of caregivers of individuals with stroke visiting Physiotherapy Department of Tertiary Care Center in Western India...
January 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Kevin Rod
Background. Chronic pain is prevalent, disabling, costly, and undertreated. There is clearly a need to improve patient understanding of ways to manage their pain. Internet-based programs are continually being developed to facilitate mental health improvement, providing tailored content for patients to manage their pain, anxiety, and depression. Objective. To evaluate the impact of Internet-based patient self-management education and activities on patients' pain, anxiety, and quality of life in patients who could not access multidisciplinary pain management...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Bernhard Elsner, Joachim Kugler, Marcus Pohl, Jan Mehrholz
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, with the severity of the disability usually increasing with disease duration. IPD affects patients' health-related quality of life, disability, and impairment. Current rehabilitation approaches have limited effectiveness in improving outcomes in patients with IPD, but a possible adjunct to rehabilitation might be non-invasive brain stimulation by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to modulate cortical excitability, and hence to improve these outcomes in IPD...
July 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Konrad Schmidt, Susanne Worrack, Michael Von Korff, Dimitry Davydow, Frank Brunkhorst, Ulrike Ehlert, Christine Pausch, Juliane Mehlhorn, Nico Schneider, André Scherag, Antje Freytag, Konrad Reinhart, Michel Wensing, Jochen Gensichen
IMPORTANCE: Survivors of sepsis face long-term sequelae that diminish health-related quality of life and result in increased care needs in the primary care setting, such as medication, physiotherapy, or mental health care. OBJECTIVE: To examine if a primary care-based intervention improves mental health-related quality of life. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized clinical trial conducted between February 2011 and December 2014, enrolling 291 patients 18 years or older who survived sepsis (including septic shock), recruited from 9 intensive care units (ICUs) across Germany...
June 28, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Serge Brand, Flora Colledge, Nadja Beeler, Uwe Pühse, Nadeem Kalak, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Thorsten Mikoteit, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Markus Gerber
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise programs (PAEPs) are an important factor in increasing and maintaining physical and mental health. This holds particularly true for patients with psychiatric disorders undergoing treatment in a psychiatric hospital. To understand whether the benefits reported in the literature are mirrored in current treatment modalities, the aim of the present study was to assess the current state of PAEPs in psychiatric hospitals in the German-speaking part of Switzerland...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Rasa Ruseckaite, Alex Collie, Khic-Houy Prang, Bianca Brijnath, Agnieszka Kosny, Danielle Mazza
BACKGROUND: Among workers with injuries who seek compensation, a general practitioner (GP) usually plays an important role in a person's return to work (RTW) by advising if the worker is unfit for work (UFW), is able to work on alternate (ALT) duties or is fit for work and also providing referrals to other health service providers. OBJECTIVE: To examine patterns of health service utilization (HSU) in workers with injuries by condition and type of certificate issued by GP...
June 8, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Jiong Jiong Guo, Kailun Wu, Huaqing Guan, Lei Zhang, Cheng Ji, Huilin Yang, Tiansi Tang
Little is known about the mid-term results of nonsurgical treatment for shoulder osteoarthritis (OA), especially in a Chinese population. This study sought to determine the efficacy of nonsurgical management in older patients with shoulder OA. A total of 129 conservatively treated unilateral shoulder OA patients who were older than 65 years were evaluated prospectively at the initial office visit and then subsequently at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months later. During the 36-month follow-up period, all patients could receive conventional therapy, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, corticosteroid injection, sodium hyaluronate, and education, at the discretion of treating physicians...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
B Monaghan, P Cunningham, P Harrington, W Hing, C Blake, D O' Dohertya, T Cusack
BACKGROUND: At present, there is an insufficient evidence base to evaluate the effectiveness of physiotherapy following total hip replacement (THR). This study evaluated the effectiveness of a physiotherapy-supervised functional exercise programme between 12 and 18 weeks following THR. These time-points coincide with increased functional demand in patients. DESIGN: Adequately powered assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Patients were recruited at a pre-operative assessment clinic and randomised following surgery...
February 15, 2016: Physiotherapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
Graham Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
Martin Sattelmayer, Simone Elsig, Roger Hilfiker, Gillian Baer
BACKGROUND: Learning of procedural skills is an essential component in the education of future health professionals. There is little evidence on how procedural skills are best learnt and practiced in education. There is a need for educators to know what specific interventions could be used to increase learning of these skills. However, there is growing evidence from rehabilitation science, sport science and psychology that learning can be promoted with the application of motor learning principles...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Ryo Tanaka, Junya Ozawa, Nobuhiro Kito, Hideki Moriyama
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of exercise therapy on the health-related QOL of people with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects] Four databases (PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) were searched for randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of exercise therapy on health-related QOL assessed by the SF-36 for inclusion in our systematic review. The methodological qualities of the trials were assessed independently by two reviewers using the PEDro scale...
October 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Suzanne Nielsen, Gabrielle Campbell, Amy Peacock, Kimberly Smith, Raimondo Bruno, Wayne Hall, Milton Cohen, Louisa Degenhardt
Objective The aims of the present study were to describe the use, and barriers to the use, of non-medication pain therapies and to identify the demographic and clinical correlates of different non-opioid pain treatments.Methods The study was performed on a cohort (n = 1514) of people prescribed pharmaceutical opioids for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP). Participants reported lifetime and past month use of healthcare services, mental and physical health, pain characteristics, current oral morphine equivalent daily doses and financial and access barriers to healthcare services...
November 25, 2015: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Stephanie Howard-Wilsher, Lisa Irvine, Hong Fan, Tom Shakespeare, Marc Suhrcke, Simon Horton, Fiona Poland, Lee Hooper, Fujian Song
BACKGROUND: Health related rehabilitation is instrumental in improving functioning and promoting participation by people with disabilities. To make clinical and policy decisions about health-related rehabilitation, resource allocation and cost issues need to be considered. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of systematic reviews (SRs) on economic evaluations of health-related rehabilitation. METHODS: We searched multiple databases to identify relevant SRs of economic evaluations of health-related rehabilitation...
January 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Evangelia Demou, Judith Brown, Kaveh Sanati, Mark Kennedy, Keith Murray, Ewan B Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence (SA) is multi-causal and remains a significant problem for employees, employers and society. This makes it necessary to concurrently manage a particular disabling condition and consider the working environment and employee-employer relationship. OBJECTIVE: To describe and examine the components of a novel SA management service Early Access to Support for You (EASY) and discuss their potential influence on the intervention. METHODS: A new sickness absence model, starting from day one of absence, was created called EASY...
2015: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Rosa T Roldán, María Elena P Torres, Daniel M Gallardo, Marisol C Arias, Fernando P Saldías
BACKGROUND: Day hospitals can reduce health care costs without increasing the risks of patients with lower respiratory tract infection. AIM: To report the experience of a respiratory day hospital care delivered to adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in a public hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the fall and winter of 2011 and 2012, adult patients with CAP of intermediate risk categories were assessed in the emergency room, their severity was stratified according to confusion, respiratory rate, blood pressure, 65 years of age or older (CRB-65) score and the Chilean CAP Clinical Guidelines, and were admitted to the respiratory day hospital...
April 2015: Revista Médica de Chile
Meric Yildirim, Ilksan Demirbuken, Birgul Balci, Ufuk Yurdalan
Mental health is a new area of specialization for physiotherapists. However, they usually meet patients with psychiatric co-morbidities secondary to other chronic diseases. It is important to explore the beliefs of future physiotherapists regarding mental illness in order to implement effective strategies to avoid possible stigmatizing attitudes that may interfere with the rehabilitation process. Moreover, the psychiatric field should be introduced to physiotherapists as a clinical and research area. Therefore, we aimed to question the beliefs of physiotherapy students regarding mental illness using the Beliefs towards Mental Illness Scale in two different universities in Turkey...
2015: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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