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Mental health physiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921004/small-effort-high-impact-focus-on-physical-activity-improves-oxygen-uptake-vo-2peak-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-after-pediatric-renal-transplantation
#1
Hjørdis Thorsteinsdottir, Trond H Diseth, Anine Lie, Trine Tangeraas, Iren Matthews, Anders Åsberg, Anna Bjerre
This study estimates the effects on peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak ), QoL, and mental health after the introduction of an adjusted post-transplant follow-up program, that is, early physiotherapy and focus on the importance of physical activity. VO2 peak was measured by a treadmill exercise test in 20 renal-transplanted children on the adjusted post-transplant follow-up and compared with a group of 22 patients investigated in a previously, before the implementation of our new follow-up routines. PedsQL and The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were used to assess QoL and mental health in 45 patients on the new as compared to 32 patients on the previous follow-up strategy...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914804/downton-fall-risk-index-during-hospitalisation-is-associated-with-fall-related-injuries-after-discharge-a-longitudinal-observational-study
#2
Mahnaz Mojtaba, Hassan Alinaghizadeh, Elisabeth Rydwik
QUESTIONS: Among older people who are hospitalised, what is the predictive validity of the Downton Fall Risk Index (DFRI) in relation to fall-related injury after discharge? What is the predictive validity of the DFRI among males and females in this setting? DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: All hospital admissions during 2012 at three geriatric clinics in the Stockholm County Council were monitored. Patients aged>65years who did not die during the admission and who lived in the Stockholm County Council region were included...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913743/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-the-historical-background-and-results-of-a-current-approach
#3
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Historic background and development of our somatocognitive approach Mensendieck physiotherapy of the Oslo School is a tradition of physiotherapy founded by the American physician Bess Mensendieck, a contemporary and fellow student of Sigmund Freud at the Paris School of Neurology. It builds on the principles of functional anatomy and the theories of motor learning. We have further developed the theory and practice from this physiotherapy tradition, challenged by the enormous load of patients with longstanding, incapacitating pain on western health care systems, by seeking to incorporate inspirational ideas from body oriented dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867682/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-in-increasing-pain-tolerance-and-improving-the-mental-health-of-injured-athletes
#4
Warhel Asim Mohammed, Athanasios Pappous, Dinkar Sharma
Literature indicates that injured athletes face both physical and psychological distress after they have been injured. In this study, a Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) was utilised as an intervention for use during the period of recovery with injured athletes and, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study using MBSR as an intervention for this purpose. Objective: The aim of this research was to investigate the role of MBSR practise in reducing the perception of pain and decreasing anxiety/stress, as well as increasing pain tolerance and mindfulness...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805428/frequency-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-the-undergraduate-physiotherapy-students
#5
Annosha Syed, Syed Shazad Ali, Muhammad Khan
Objectives: To assess the frequency of Depression, Anxiety and Stress (DAS) among the undergraduate physiotherapy students. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in various Physiotherapy Institutes in Sindh, Pakistan among undergraduate physiotherapy students. The total duration of this study was 4 months from September, 2016 to January, 2017. Data was collected from 267 students with no physical and mental illness; more than half were female students 75...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#6
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710099/effect-of-pain-neuroscience-education-combined-with-cognition-targeted-motor-control-training-on-chronic-spinal-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Robby De Pauw, Mira Meeus, Nathalie Roussel, Barbara Cagnie, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs
Importance: Effective treatments for chronic spinal pain are essential to reduce the related high personal and socioeconomic costs. Objective: To compare pain neuroscience education combined with cognition-targeted motor control training with current best-evidence physiotherapy for reducing pain and improving functionality, gray matter morphologic features, and pain cognitions in individuals with chronic spinal pain. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted from January 1, 2014, to January 30, 2017, among 120 patients with chronic nonspecific spinal pain in 2 outpatient hospitals with follow-up at 3, 6, and 12 months...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584813/yoga-based-exercise-improves-health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-well-being-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#8
Alice Tulloch, Hannah Bombell, Catherine Dean, Anne Tiedemann
Objective: health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and mental well-being are associated with healthy ageing. Physical activity positively impacts both HRQOL and mental well-being. Yoga is a physical activity that can be modified to suits the needs of older people and is growing in popularity. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis to determine the impact of yoga-based exercise on HRQOL and mental well-being in people aged 60+. Methods: searches were conducted for relevant trials in the following electronic databases; MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, PsycINFO and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) from inception to January 2017...
March 23, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568856/approach-to-the-forgetful-patient
#9
Peng Soon Yoon, Chun How Ooi, Choon How How
Singapore has an ageing population with a projected 53,000 people aged ≥ 60 years living with dementia by 2020. Primary care doctors have the opportunity to initiate early work-up for reversible causes of cognitive dysfunction, allowing identification of comorbidities and discussion of medical therapy options. Early diagnosis confers the sick role on the patient, which allays frustration and explains events and behaviour that may have strained relationships with family and friends. The patient can be encouraged to plan for future health and personal care options with a Lasting Power of Attorney and/or Advance Care Planning...
March 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553425/integrating-a-public-health-and-human-rights-approach-into-mental-health-services-for-palestinians-in-the-gaza-strip
#10
Marwan Diab, Yasser Abu Jamei, Ashraf Kagee, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health issues. METHODS: The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482403/consensus-on-core-phenomena-and-statements-describing-basic-body-awareness-therapy-within-the-movement-awareness-domain-in-physiotherapy
#11
L H Skjaerven, M Mattsson, D Catalan-Matamoros, A Parker, G Gard, A Lundvik Gyllensten
Physiotherapists are facing complex health challenges in the treatment of persons suffering from long-lasting musculoskeletal disorders and mental health problems. Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a physiotherapy approach within the movement awareness domain developed to bridge physical, mental, and relational health challenges. The purpose of this study was to reach a consensus on core phenomena and statements describing BBAT. A consensus-building process was conducted using the nominal group technique (NGT)...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423279/physiotherapy-for-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184350/female-caregivers-and-stroke-severity-determines-caregiver-stress-in-stroke-patients
#13
Bindu Menon, P Salini, K Habeeba, Jyoti Conjeevaram, K Munisusmitha
Background: Stroke is among the major causes of short- and long-term disability. This study aimed to understand the caregivers (CGs) stress in stroke survivors. Materials and Methods: A 22-item questionnaire was administered to 201 CGs of stroke survivors. The variables tested were physical and mental health, social support, financial, and personal problems. CGs were divided into Group A (Barthel index [BI] <75) and B (BI >75) according to patient's BI, according to gender (male and female CG) and relation; spouses (wife, husband), daughters, sons, daughter-in-law, grandchildren, and rest (father, mother, brother, sister, and in-laws)...
October 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789781/training-peers-to-support-older-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-following-physiotherapy-discharge-a-feasibility-study
#14
Kay Cooper, Llinos M Jehu, Susan Klein, Blair H Smith, Patricia Schofield
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of a training programme for peer volunteers to support older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) following discharge from physiotherapy. DESIGN: Feasibility study. SETTING: Community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 17 adults (4 male, 13 female) with CLBP or experience of supporting someone with CLBP enrolled and 12 (2 male, 10 female) completed the volunteer training...
June 2018: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716108/esoteric-connective-tissue-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-functionality-and-general-well-being-compared-with-physiotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christoph Schnelle, Steffen Messerschmidt, Eunice J Minford, Kate Greenaway-Twist, Maxine Szramka, Marianna Masiorski, Michelle Sheldrake, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: Low back pain causes more global disability than any other condition. Once the acute pain becomes chronic, about two-thirds of sufferers will not fully recover after 1-2 years. There is a paucity of effective treatments for non-specific, chronic low back pain. It has been noted that low back pain is associated with changes in the connective tissue in the affected area, and a very low-impact treatment, Esoteric Connective Tissue Therapy (ECTT), has been developed to restore flexibility in connective tissue...
July 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668558/early-rehabilitation-after-lumbar-disc-surgery-is-not-effective-or-cost-effective-compared-to-no-referral-a-randomised-trial-and-economic-evaluation
#16
Teddy Oosterhuis, Raymond W Ostelo, Johanna M van Dongen, Wilco C Peul, Michiel R de Boer, Judith E Bosmans, Carmen L Vleggeert-Lankamp, Mark P Arts, Maurits W van Tulder
QUESTION: Is referral for early rehabilitation after lumbar disc surgery effective and cost-effective compared to no referral? DESIGN: Multicentre, randomised, controlled trial, and economic evaluation with concealed allocation and intention-to-treat-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Adults who underwent discectomy for a herniated lumbar disc, confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging, and signs of nerve root compression corresponding to the herniation level...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664327/effects-of-mindfulness-practice-on-performance-relevant-parameters-and-performance-outcomes-in-sports-a-meta-analytical-review
#17
REVIEW
Lucia Bühlmayer, Daniel Birrer, Philipp Röthlin, Oliver Faude, Lars Donath
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness as a present-oriented form of mental training affects cognitive processes and is increasingly considered meaningful for sport psychological training approaches. However, few intervention studies have examined the effects of mindfulness practice on physiological and psychological performance surrogates or on performance outcomes in sports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present meta-analytical review was to examine the effects of mindfulness practice or mindfulness-based interventions on physiological and psychological performance surrogates and on performance outcomes in sports in athletes over 15 years of age...
November 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655559/gym-based-exercise-and-home-based-exercise-with-telephone-support-have-similar-outcomes-when-used-as-maintenance-programs-in-adults-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-randomised-trial
#18
Paul Jansons, Lauren Robins, Lisa O'Brien, Terry Haines
QUESTION: What is the effectiveness of gym-based exercise versus home-based exercise with telephone follow-up amongst adults with chronic conditions who have completed a short-term exercise program supervised by a health professional? DESIGN: A randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis, and blinded outcome assessment at baseline and 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were recruited following a 6-week exercise program at a community health service...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652081/limited-interface-between-physiotherapy-primary-care-and-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study
#19
Samantha Lee, Flavie Waters, Kathy Briffa, Robyn E Fary
QUESTIONS: How do mental health professionals perceive the role of physiotherapists in the care of people with severe and persistent mental illness, and what factors do they perceive as influencing access to physiotherapy services? How do people with severe and persistent mental illness understand the potential role of physiotherapy in their healthcare, and what factors do they perceive as influencing access to physiotherapy services? DESIGN: Qualitative study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four mental health professionals and 35 people with severe and persistent mental illness...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647819/the-italian-version-of-the-opening-minds-stigma-scale-for-healthcare-providers-validation-and-study-on-a-sample-of-bachelor-students
#20
Anne Destrebecq, Paolo Ferrara, Luca Frattini, Francesco Pittella, Gemma Rossano, Giuseppe Striano, Stefano Terzoni, Orsola Gambini
Prejudices on psychiatric disorders frequently turn into stigmatizating attitudes, also among health care providers. The Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) was introduced in 2012 to measure stigma. No Italian versions of this tool exist so far. We wanted to investigate stigma among healthcare students in Italy, and to prepare an Italian version of the scale. A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, and Dietistics students...
January 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
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