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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816631/platypnea-orthodeoxia-syndrome-an-unusual-presentation-of-a-complex-disease
#1
Tess Van Meerhaeghe, Steven Droogmans, Shane Hanon, Jeroen Sonck
BACKGROUND: Platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome (POS) is an uncommon disorder characterized by dyspnea (=platypnea) and desaturation (=orthodeoxia) in upright position and improvement of symptoms and blood oxygenation in supine position. Clinical presentation is heterogeneous and often confuses the clinician. OBJECTIVES: The present case report illustrates a complicated presentation of the underlying syndrome. METHODS: Description of a POS case in a 73-year-old female with thorough workup and tailored treatment...
August 17, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816096/management-of-severe-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-a-neonate-on-veno-arterial-ecmo-by-the-temporary-clamping-of-the-endotracheal-tube-a-case-report
#2
Vaclab Vobruba, Tomas Grus, Frantisek Mlejnsky, Jan Belohlavek, Jan Hridel, Lukas Lambert
Severe pulmonary hemorrhage in the newborn is an infrequent, but life-threatening, event. A newborn with persistent pulmonary hypertension and a large persistent ductus arteriosus and open foramen ovale presented with hypoxemia and progressive right heart failure shortly after birth, requiring veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Twenty minutes after the initiation of ECMO, the patient developed severe pulmonary hemorrhage refractory to conventional treatment. As a last resort, the endotracheal tube was clamped...
August 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814172/novel-endovascular-management-of-proximal-type-a-debakey-ii-aortic-dissection-with-a-patent-foramen-ovale-occluder
#3
Xun Yuan, Andreas Mitsis, David Mozalbat, Christoph A Nienaber
PURPOSE: To present a novel endovascular management option that avoids open surgery in selected patients with subacute type A aortic dissection (DeBakey II). CASE REPORT: A 75-year-old woman with previous infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repaired in 2006 and multiple comorbidities (EURO score II 20.5%) was admitted with chest pain; computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed a new dissection in the ascending aorta just above the right coronary ostium. As the patient was considered unfit to undergo surgery, an endovascular solution was suggested after multidisciplinary team discussion...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813763/simultaneous-onset-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-pulmonary-embolism-cerebral-infarction-and-myocardial-infarction-in-a-patient-with-patent-foramen-ovale
#4
Jimmy Yee, Vishesh Kumar, Alex Pham, Kashif Shaikh, Muhammad Omar, Adam Stys, Marian Petrasko
Paradoxical embolism is a known complication with intra-cardiac shunts. It should be considered in the differential as the pathophysiologic mechanism of simultaneous thromboembolism in the venous and systemic vasculature. We present a case of simultaneous deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and myocardial infarction in the presence of a confirmed patent foramen ovale on echocardiography. Thrombolytic therapy was administered. Subsequent concerns of intracranial hemorrhage on imaging of the brain complicated the management and added to the challenge of co-managing the clot burden in our patient...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797820/the-pterygoalar-bar-a-meta-analysis-of-its-prevalence-morphology-and-morphometry
#5
Przemysław A Pękala, Brandon Michael Henry, Jakub R Pękala, Paulina A Frączek, Dominik Taterra, Konstantinos Natsis, Maria Piagkou, Janusz Skrzat, Iwona M Tomaszewska
PURPOSE: The pterygoalar (PA) bar is a bony bridge resulting from the partial or complete ossification of a PA ligament. The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically analyze and provide the most comprehensive data on the prevalence, morphology and topographical anatomy of the PA bar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search of the major electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, ScienceDirect, SciELO, BIOSIS, and Web of Science) was conducted in order to identify relevant studies...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777522/recurrent-cutaneous-decompression-illness-after-pfo-device-implantation-a-case-report
#6
Martin Vanden EEde
It is well known that patency of the foramen ovale (PFO) is a risk factor for decompression illness (DCI) in scuba divers, even if they adhere to the currently accepted and used decompression tables (termed "an undeserved hit"). The correction of the PFO through percutaneous closure after DCI is an ongoing discussion. We describe a case of a diver who redeveloped a cutaneous DCI due to a recurrent PFO after initial treatment with an occluder device four years earlier.
November 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777481/a-human-case-of-slc35a3-related-skeletal-dysplasia
#7
Andrew C Edmondson, Emma C Bedoukian, Matthew A Deardorff, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, Xueli Li, Miao He, Elaine H Zackai
Researchers have identified a subset of Holstein having a range of skeletal deformities, including vertebral anomalies, referred to as complex vertebral malformation due to mutations in the SLC35A3 gene. Here, we report the first case in humans of SLC35A3-related vertebral anomalies. Our patient had prenatally diagnosed anomalous vertebrae, including butterfly, and hemivertebrae throughout the spine, as well as cleft palate, micrognathia, patent foramen ovale, patent ductus arteriosus, posterior embryotoxon, short limbs, camptodactyly, talipes valgus, rocker bottom feet, and facial dysmorphism including proptosis, nevus flammeus, and a cupped left ear...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762108/trigeminal-neuropathy-associated-with-an-enlarging-arachnoid-cyst-in-meckel-s-cave-case-report-management-strategy-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Mark G Bigder, Adel Helmi, Anthony M Kaufmann
We describe a rare case and novel management strategy of painful trigeminal neuropathy caused by an arachnoid cyst confined to Meckel's cave. A 57-year-old female presented with several years of progressive trigeminal pain and signs of trigeminal deafferentation, including sensory loss, corneal anesthesia and mastication muscle atrophy. Medical treatment with carbamazepine provided partial and temporary pain control. Surgical treatment was eventually performed by aspiration of the arachnoid cyst through the foramen ovale using a percutaneous approach...
July 31, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761399/potential-role-of-patent-foramen-ovale-in-exacerbating-hypoxemia-in-chronic-pulmonary-disease
#9
REVIEW
Michael E Layoun, Jamil A Aboulhosn, Jonathan M Tobis
Patent foramen ovale has been associated with multiple pulmonary diseases, such as pulmonary hypertension, platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A connection between patent foramen ovale and chronic pulmonary disease was first described more than 2 decades ago in case reports associating patent foramen ovale with more severe hypoxemia than that expected based on the severity of the primary pulmonary disease. It has been suggested that patients with both chronic pulmonary disease and patent foramen ovale are subject to severe hypoxemia because of the right-to-left shunt...
June 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756426/handle-with-care-a-ductus-arteriosus-aneurysm-in-an-elderly-patient
#10
Sebastiano Gili, Fulvio Orzan, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Antonio Montefusco, Pierluigi Omedé
A ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA) was corrected with an 18 mm Amplatzer patent foramen ovale occluder. DAA is a rare finding, with sporadic cases reported (the vast majority in children and infants). In the elderly, it poses serious therapeutic challenges, as the risk of rupture is counterbalanced by the high risk of its correction, which requires surgery or placement of an endovascular prosthesis in a critical region such as the aortic arch.
August 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751787/successful-percutaneous-transcatheter-patent-foramen-ovale-closure-through-the-right-internal-jugular-vein-using-stiff-amplatzer-catheter-with-a-reshaped-tip
#11
Zaher Fanari, Sumaya Hammami, James T Hopkins
Percutaneous transcatheter closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) remains challenging when femoral venous approach is not available. We describe the successful closure of a PFO using the right internal jugular venous approach and a catheter delivery system with a reshaped tip in a patient with a PFO, recurrent stroke, recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding, bilateral deep venous thrombosis and thrombosed bilateral inferior vena cava filter.
August 2016: Delaware Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747203/migraine-and-percutaneous-patent-foramen-ovale-closure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Yu-Jie Shi, Jun Lv, Xing-Ting Han, Guo-Gang Luo
BACKGROUND: The association between patent foramen ovale (PFO) and migraine with aura (MA) is well established. However, the benefits of PFO closure are less certain in patients with migraine without aura (MwoA). METHODS: We systematically searched Pubmed for pertinent clinical studies published from January 2000 to July 2015. The primary end-point was the elimination or significant improvement of migraine symptoms after PFO closure. RESULTS: Upon screening an initial list of 315 publications, we identified eight studies that included 546 patients...
July 26, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741093/fetal-right-ventricular-prominence-associated-postnatal-abnormalities-and-coarctation-clinical-prediction-tool
#13
Alyssa Power, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Deborah Fruitman
Fetal right ventricular (RV) prominence is a known indicator of possible left-sided structural heart disease with a low positive predictive value for aortic coarctation. There is a paucity of data on identifying which fetuses with RV prominence will have postnatal arch obstruction. Our study objectives were to create a clinical prediction tool for coarctation and to describe the diagnostic outcomes of our cohort with fetal RV prominence. We performed a retrospective review of patients referred with fetal RV prominence from January 2009 to October 2015...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734594/editorial-commentary-closure-of-the-patent-foramen-ovale-viewed-from-a-different-angle
#14
EDITORIAL
Bernhard Meier, Fabian Nietlispach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734447/plication-of-the-diaphragm-in-postpneumectomy-right-to-left-shunting
#15
Joyce-Manyi Bakia, Jeroen M A M Retera, Roland P van Ieperen, Robbert J de Winter, Joël van der Niet
A rare adverse event of a right-sided pneumectomy with an elevated hemidiaphragm is right-to-left shunting through a patent foramen ovale. In this case report we describe our experience with plication of the right hemidiaphragm with instantaneous hemodynamic results and pain relief, followed by secondary closure of the foramen ovale.
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733124/left-upper-lung-lobectomy-is-an-embolic-risk-factor-for-cerebral-infarction
#16
Yuya Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Yahikozawa, Ryota Takamatsu, Rie Watanabe, Kenichi Hoshi, Wataru Ishii, Shunichi Sato
Cerebral embolism is typically caused by a cardiogenic thrombus. The patent foramen ovale is a well-known cause of paradoxical embolism. However, some idiopathic cases of stroke have been reported. Such strokes are designated as embolic stroke of undetermined sources. Among them, lung lobectomy may be a new embolic risk factor for cerebral embolism. The risk of thrombus formation is high at the pulmonary vein stump after lung lobectomy, especially in the left upper lobe. Interestingly, the risk remains several years after surgery...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732833/the-multiple-dimensions-of-platypnea-orthodeoxia-syndrome-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Abhinav Agrawal, Atul Palkar, Arunabh Talwar
Platypnea-Orthodeoxia syndrome (POS) is a rare clinical entity characterized by dyspnea and arterial desaturation while in the upright position. The various pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to POS has puzzled clinicians for years. The hypoxia in POS has been attributed to the mixing of the deoxygenated venous blood with the oxygenated arterial blood via a shunt. The primary mechanisms of POS in these patients can be broadly classified based on intracardiac abnormalities, extracardiac abnormalities and miscellaneous etiologies...
August 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732342/scope-mtl-a-non-invasive-tool-for-identifying-and-lateralizing-mesial-temporal-lobe-seizures-prior-to-scalp-eeg-ictal-onset
#18
Alice D Lam, Douglas Maus, Sahar F Zafar, Andrew J Cole, Sydney S Cash
OBJECTIVE: In mesial temporal lobe (mTL) epilepsy, seizure onset can precede the appearance of a scalp EEG ictal pattern by many seconds. The ability to identify this early, occult mTL seizure activity could improve lateralization and localization of mTL seizures on scalp EEG. METHODS: Using scalp EEG spectral features and machine learning approaches on a dataset of combined scalp EEG and foramen ovale electrode recordings in patients with mTL epilepsy, we developed an algorithm, SCOPE-mTL, to detect and lateralize early, occult mTL seizure activity, prior to the appearance of a scalp EEG ictal pattern...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726346/imaging-characteristics-and-treatment-of-a-penetrating-brain-injury-caused-by-an-oropharyngeal-foreign-body-in-a-dog
#19
Jennifer McKenzie, Megan Cooper Murphy, Cameron Broome, Hamaseh Tayari, Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana
A 4-year-old Border collie was presented with one episode of collapse, altered mentation, and a suspected pharyngeal stick injury. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography showed a linear foreign body penetrating the right oropharynx, through the foramen ovale and the brain parenchyma. The foreign body was surgically removed and medical treatment initiated. Complete resolution of clinical signs was noted at recheck 8 weeks later. Repeat MRI showed chronic secondary changes in the brain parenchyma...
July 20, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721223/atrial-fibrillation-in-a-preterm-newborn-with-structurally-normal-heart
#20
Pier Paolo Bassareo, Andrea Raffaele Marras, Mariangela Marras, Silvia Marras, Giuseppe Mercuro
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a really uncommon arrhythmia in newborns. Here, we report the case of a 1-day-old infant who was recovered in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for a twin-to-twin transfusion. The appearance of an unexpected AF was registered at his continuous electrocardiographic monitoring. Both chest X-ray and echocardiographic examination revealed the anomalous insertion of the tip of a central venous catheter (CVC) into the heart ('umbilical artery → inferior vena cava → right atrium → patent foramen ovale → left atrium')...
March 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
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