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Giuseppe Grosso, Urszula Stepaniak, Agnieszka Micek, Denes Stefler, Martin Bobak, Andrzej Pająk
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between total and individual classes and subclasses of dietary polyphenol intake and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the Polish arm of the Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe cohort study. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based survey including 8821 adults (51.4 % female) was conducted in Kraków, Poland. Dietary polyphenol intake was evaluated using food frequency questionnaires and matching food consumption data with the Phenol-Explorer database...
February 25, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Roberto Lo Gullo, Shelly Mishra, Diego A Lira, Atul Padole, Alexi Otrakji, Ranish Deedar Ali Khawaja, Sarvenaz Pourjabbar, Sarabjeet Singh, Jo-Anne O Shepard, Subba R Digumarthy, Mannudeep K Kalra, James R Stone
PURPOSE: Interstitial fluid accumulation can occur in pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal spaces, and subcutaneous tissue planes. The purpose of the study was to assess if whole body CT examination in a postmortem setting could help determine the presence and severity of third space fluid accumulation in the body. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 41 human cadavers (mean age 61 years, 25 males and 16 females) who had whole-body postmortem CT prior to autopsy...
December 2015: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Priya Bapodra, Barbara A Wolfe
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and reproductive impact of Neospora caninum in a herd of semi-free-ranging Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) at a conservation facility, following a suspected abortion storm in 2008. Serum samples (n=103) collected from 60 individuals between 2002 and 2011 were evaluated using competitive ELISA for the detection of N. caninum-specific antibodies. Of the 103 samples, 73 (70.9 per cent) were positive for N. caninum antibodies, with a mean±sd competitive inhibition (CI) of 77...
2015: Veterinary Record Open
Junjun Jiang, Jinming Su, Xiaobo Yang, Mingbo Huang, Wei Deng, Jiegang Huang, Bingyu Liang, Bo Qin, Halmurat Upur, Chaohui Zhong, Qianqiu Wang, Qian Wang, Yuhua Ruan, Li Ye, Hao Liang
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision (MC) has been shown to reduce the risk of female to male transmission of HIV. The goal of this survey was to explore MC's acceptability and the factors associated with MC among college students in medical universities in western China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in three provinces in western China (Guangxi, Chongqing and Xinjiang) to assess the acceptability of MC as well as to discover factors associated with the acceptability among college students in medical universities...
2015: PloS One
Catherine DeCarlo Santiago, Anne K Fuller, Jaclyn M Lennon, Sheryl H Kataoka
This study explored parents' responses to a family component developed as an addition to the Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS). The family component was developed to improve engagement and participation in CBITS and to support parents' own skill-building. To evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of the family component from the perspective of parents who participated, qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 low-income, Latino parents (80% female; 80% immigrants; average age = 38...
May 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Ed L B Hilterman, Ilja Bongers, Tonia L Nicholls, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen
By constructing risk assessment tools in which the individual items are organized in the same way for male and female juvenile offenders it is assumed that these items and subscales have similar relevance across males and females. The identification of criminogenic needs that vary in relevance for 1 of the genders, could contribute to more meaningful risk assessments, especially for female juvenile offenders. In this study, exploratory factor analyses (EFA) on a construction sample of male (n = 3,130) and female (n = 466) juvenile offenders were used to aggregate the 30 items of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) into empirically based risk/need factors and explore differences between genders...
February 2016: Law and Human Behavior
Kai-Biao Lin, K Robert Lai, Nan-Ping Yang, Chien-Lung Chan, Yuan-Hung Liu, Ren-Hao Pan, Chien-Hsun Huang
INTRODUCTION: This paper presents an epidemiologic study of appendicitis in Taiwan over a twelve-year period. An analysis of the incidence in the low-income population (LIP) is included to explore the effects of lower socioeconomic status on appendicitis. METHODS: We analyzed the epidemiological features of appendicitis in Taiwan using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from 2000 to 2011. All cases diagnosed as appendicitis were enrolled...
2015: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Yang Bai, Allison Y Leib, Amrita M Puri, David Whitney, Kaiping Peng
In this study, we investigated whether the first impression of a crowd of faces-crowd perception-is influenced by social background and cognitive processing. Specifically, we explored whether males and females, two groups that are distinct biologically and socially, differ in their ability to extract ensemble characteristics from crowds of faces that were comprised of different identities. Participants were presented with crowds of similar faces and were instructed to scroll through a morphed continuum of faces until they found a face that was representative of the average identity of each crowd...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Kalpana Elizabeth Dein, Paul Simon Williams, Irina Volkonskaia, Ava Kanyeredzi, Paula Reavey, Gerard Leavey
Very little is known about the sexual activities of psychiatric patients during their stay in hospital and beyond. In this article, we have explored how mental health professionals working within a forensic psychiatric unit construct the issue of patient sexuality in order to ascertain the range of sexual possibilities open to patients. Drawing on interviews with twenty four participants--psychiatrists and clinical psychologists (clinical staff), we examined how participants made sense of patient sexuality and their clinical judgments in relation to them...
January 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
In Taik Hong, Jae Myung Cha, Joung Il Lee, Kwang Ro Joo, Il Hyun Baek, Hyun Phil Shin, Jung Won Jeon, Jun Uk Lim
Lymphangioma is a benign vascular lesion with characteristics of subepithelial tumor which can proliferate in the lymphatic system. Lymphangioma of the small-bowel mesentery is rare, having been reported in less than 2% of all lymphangiomas. Lymphangioma does not require any specific treatment because it is absolutely a benign tumor. However, surgical exploration is rarely required for cases with disease-related symptoms or complications, or for those misdiagnosed as a malignant lesion. We recently experienced a case of mesenteric cavernous lymphangomas in a 53-year-old female who was misdiagnosed as having a liposarcoma...
September 2015: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
S V Grabovska, Y T Salyha
We explored the effect of chronic chlorpyrifos intake on the behavior of female laboratory rats. The animals were exposed to chlorpyrifos in doses 5 and 10 mg/kg daily for a month long and tested with behavioral tests: Morris water maze, Open field test, and Dark/light box. Everyday chlorpyrifos intake in dose 10 mg/kg was revealed to cause long- and short-term spatial memory lesion, decrease in total activity, sharp changes in the level of anxiety (it significantly increased at the start of xenobiotic intake, and then normalized with time)...
2015: Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal
Janet Withall, Anne M Haase, Nicola E Walsh, Anita Young, Fiona Cramp
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is lower than in the general population. PA can improve physical function in RA, decrease chronic inflammation and reduce pain, without adversely affecting disease activity. OBJECTIVES: To explore patient's views on approaches to delivering PA programmes and inform a programme to maximise functional ability through long-term engagement with PA. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected via three focus groups which explored the views of people with RA of their PA support needs following diagnosis; experiences relating to PA; motivators and facilitators to support PA engagement and the suitability for people with RA of evidence based PA programmes designed for other long-term conditions...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
Tina Iachini, Stefano Pagliaro, Gennaro Ruggiero
Near body distance is a key component of action and social interaction. Recent research has shown that peripersonal space (reachability-distance for acting with objects) and interpersonal space (comfort-distance for interacting with people) share common mechanisms and reflect the social valence of stimuli. The social psychological literature has demonstrated that information about morality is crucial because it affects impression formation and the intention to approach-avoid others. Here we explore whether peripersonal/interpersonal spaces are modulated by moral information...
October 2015: Acta Psychologica
Benny Antony, Alison Venn, Flavia Cicuttini, Lyn March, Leigh Blizzard, Terence Dwyer, Marita Cross, Graeme Jones, Changhai Ding
OBJECTIVE: To describe the associations between body composition and hormonal and inflammatory factors measured 5 years prior and tibial cartilage volume in young adults, and to explore if these factors contribute to the sex difference in tibial cartilage volume. METHODS: Subjects broadly representative of the young adult Australian population (n = 328, ages 31-41 years, 47.3% women) were selected. They underwent T1-weighted fat-suppressed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of their knees...
April 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Jill M Hagey, Eliud Akama, James Ayieko, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Craig R Cohen, Rena C Patel
INTRODUCTION: Avoiding unintended pregnancies is important for the health of adolescents living with HIV and has the additional benefit of preventing potential vertical HIV transmission. Health facility providers represent an untapped resource in understanding the barriers and facilitators adolescents living with HIV face when accessing contraception. By understanding these barriers and facilitators to contraceptive use among adolescent females living with HIV, this study aimed to understand how best to promote contraception within this marginalized population...
2015: Journal of the International AIDS Society
X Guan, L Zheng, G Sun, X Guo, Y Li, H Song, F Tian, Y Sun
PURPOSE: Since the American Diabetes Association included hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnostic criteria for diabetes in 2010, the clinical use of HbA1c has remained controversial. We explored the use of HbA1c for diagnosing diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia in comparison with fasting plasma glucose (FPG). METHODS: We screened 3710 adult subjects (mean age = 55.24 years) comprising 1704 males and 2006 females. We drew an receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to evaluate the ability of HbA1c to diagnose diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia according to FPG...
May 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
A S Ali, J Fejzic, G D Grant, L M Nissen
BACKGROUND: The Australian Pharmacy Practice Framework was developed by the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Steering Committee and endorsed by the Pharmacy Board of Australia in October 2012. The Steering Committee conducted a study that found practice portfolios to be the preferred method to assess and credential Advanced Pharmacy Practitioner, which is currently being piloted by the Australian Pharmacy Council. Credentialing is predicted to open to all pharmacists practising in Australia by November 2015...
May 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Nicole E Caporino, Joanna Herres, Philip C Kendall, Courtney Benjamin Wolk
This study evaluated the impact of dysregulation across cognitive, affective, and behavioral domains on acute and 7- to 19-year follow-up outcomes of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety, and explored dysregulation as a predictor of psychopathology and impairment in young adulthood among individuals who received anxiety treatment as youth. Participants (N = 64; 50 % female, 83 % non-Hispanic White) from two randomized clinical trials completed a follow-up assessment 7-19 years later. Latent profile analysis identified dysregulation based on Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior scores on the Child Behavior Checklist...
August 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Yuanyuan Li, Lili Zhang, Juan Jiang, Huaping Yang, Liming Cao, Qihua Gu, Min Li, Chengping Hu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma is a rare histologic subtype of non-small cell lung cancer. The effective treatment for this disease has not well defined due to its extremely low morbidity. This study explores the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of 38 patients with PSC, so as to provide some clues for its diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: The study enrolled 38 patients with PSC that were diagnosed with histology or cytology in our hospital between January 2000 and December 2013...
September 20, 2015: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Jimmy K Limdi, Divya Aggarwal, John T McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: An epidemiological association implicating diet in IBD risk or protection is widely accepted. Patients with IBD often make links to diet, but there is a dearth of literature exploring dietary perceptions and practices in this population. Our objective was to evaluate dietary beliefs and behaviors in IBD patients. METHODS: We developed a questionnaire assessing demographics, dietary beliefs and habits in IBD patients. This was prospectively administered to 400 consecutive patients attending our IBD clinics...
January 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
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