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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020028/learning-speed-is-affected-by-personality-and-reproductive-investment-in-a-songbird
#1
Hector Fabio Rivera-Gutierrez, Tine Martens, Rianne Pinxten, Marcel Eens
Individuals from different taxa, including songbirds, differ consistently in behaviour and personality when facing different situations. Although our understanding of animal behaviour has increased, knowledge about between-individual differences in cognitive abilities is still limited. By using an experimental approach and a free-living songbird (Parus major) as a model, we attempted to understand between-individual differences in habituation to playbacks (as a proxy of learning speed), by investigating the role of personality, age and reproductive investment (clutch size)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631087/molar-incisor-hypomineralization-proportion-and-severity-in-primary-public-school-children-in-graz-austria
#2
Barbara Buchgraber, Lumnije Kqiku, Kurt A Ebeleseder
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the proportion and severity of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in primary school children in Graz (southeast of Austria). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1111 children aged 6 to 12 years (mean age 9.0 ± 1.2), a wet examination of all teeth was performed by three trained examiners using a dental chair, optimal illumination, a dental mirror, and a dental explorer. All teeth with MIH lesions were registered so that different definitions of MIH were applicable...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965493/new-single-bottle-ceramic-primer-6-month-case-report-and-laboratory-performance
#3
Fabiana Sf Siqueira, Rodrigo S Alessi, Andres Fm Cardenas, Carlos Kose, Shelon C Souza Pinto, Matheus C Bandeca, Alessandro D Loguercio, João C Gomes
INTRODUCTION: This article presents a 6-month case report and an in vitro evaluation of the performance of the new self-etching glass-ceramic monobond etch and prime (MEP) when applied in a lithium disilicate (LD). The MEP contains in the same bottle, along with acid conditioner and silanes. This simplifies the bonding procedures by reducing not only the number of steps, but also the working time. A 42-year-old female patient sought for esthetic treatment, and the main complaint was the darkened appearance of the upper lateral incisor...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890487/polyphenol-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-population-with%C3%A2-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#4
Marilena Vitale, Olga Vaccaro, Maria Masulli, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Del Prato, Carlo B Giorda, Antonio Nicolucci, Sebastiano Squatrito, Stefania Auciello, Anna C Babini, Laura Bani, Raffaella Buzzetti, Emanuela Cannarsa, Mauro Cignarelli, Massimo Cigolini, Gennaro Clemente, Sara Cocozza, Laura Corsi, Federica D'Angelo, Elisabetta Dall'Aglio, Graziano Di Cianni, Lucia Fontana, Giovanna Gregori, Sara Grioni, Carla Giordano, Rossella Iannarelli, Ciro Iovine, Annunziata Lapolla, Davide Lauro, Luigi Laviola, Chiara Mazzucchelli, Stefano Signorini, Laura Tonutti, Roberto Trevisan, Chiara Zamboni, Gabriele Riccardi, Angela A Rivellese
BACKGROUND: The role of polyphenol intake on cardiovascular risk factors is little explored, particularly in people with diabetes. AIM: To evaluate the association between the intake of total polyphenols and polyphenol classes with the major cardiovascular risk factors in a population with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Dietary habits were investigated in 2573 males and females participants of the TOSCA.IT study. The European Prospective Investigation on Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) questionnaire was used to assess dietary habits...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913852/dietary-polyphenols-are-inversely-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-polish-adults-of-the-hapiee-study
#5
Giuseppe Grosso, Urszula Stepaniak, Agnieszka Micek, Denes Stefler, Martin Bobak, Andrzej Pająk
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between total and individual classes and subclasses of dietary polyphenol intake and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the Polish arm of the Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe cohort study. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based survey including 8821 adults (51.4 % female) was conducted in Kraków, Poland. Dietary polyphenol intake was evaluated using food frequency questionnaires and matching food consumption data with the Phenol-Explorer database...
June 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26541472/quantification-of-interstitial-fluid-on-whole-body-ct-comparison-with-whole-body-autopsy
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Roberto Lo Gullo, Shelly Mishra, Diego A Lira, Atul Padole, Alexi Otrakji, Ranish Deedar Ali Khawaja, Sarvenaz Pourjabbar, Sarabjeet Singh, Jo-Anne O Shepard, Subba R Digumarthy, Mannudeep K Kalra, James R Stone
PURPOSE: Interstitial fluid accumulation can occur in pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal spaces, and subcutaneous tissue planes. The purpose of the study was to assess if whole body CT examination in a postmortem setting could help determine the presence and severity of third space fluid accumulation in the body. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 41 human cadavers (mean age 61 years, 25 males and 16 females) who had whole-body postmortem CT prior to autopsy...
December 2015: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26392906/investigation-of-neospora-caninum-seroprevalence-and-potential-impact-on-reproductive-success-in-semi-free-ranging-p%C3%A3-re-david-s-deer-elaphurus-davidianus
#7
Priya Bapodra, Barbara A Wolfe
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and reproductive impact of Neospora caninum in a herd of semi-free-ranging Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) at a conservation facility, following a suspected abortion storm in 2008. Serum samples (n=103) collected from 60 individuals between 2002 and 2011 were evaluated using competitive ELISA for the detection of N. caninum-specific antibodies. Of the 103 samples, 73 (70.9 per cent) were positive for N. caninum antibodies, with a mean±sd competitive inhibition (CI) of 77...
2015: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26390212/acceptability-of-male-circumcision-among-college-students-in-medical-universities-in-western-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Junjun Jiang, Jinming Su, Xiaobo Yang, Mingbo Huang, Wei Deng, Jiegang Huang, Bingyu Liang, Bo Qin, Halmurat Upur, Chaohui Zhong, Qianqiu Wang, Qian Wang, Yuhua Ruan, Li Ye, Hao Liang
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision (MC) has been shown to reduce the risk of female to male transmission of HIV. The goal of this survey was to explore MC's acceptability and the factors associated with MC among college students in medical universities in western China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in three provinces in western China (Guangxi, Chongqing and Xinjiang) to assess the acceptability of MC as well as to discover factors associated with the acceptability among college students in medical universities...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26390104/parent-perspectives-from-participating-in-a-family-component-for-cbits-acceptability-of-a-culturally-informed-school-based-program
#9
Catherine DeCarlo Santiago, Anne K Fuller, Jaclyn M Lennon, Sheryl H Kataoka
This study explored parents' responses to a family component developed as an addition to the Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS). The family component was developed to improve engagement and participation in CBITS and to support parents' own skill-building. To evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of the family component from the perspective of parents who participated, qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 low-income, Latino parents (80% female; 80% immigrants; average age = 38...
May 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26390056/identifying-gender-specific-risk-need-areas-for-male-and-female-juvenile-offenders-factor-analyses-with-the-structured-assessment-of-violence-risk-in-youth-savry
#10
Ed L B Hilterman, Ilja Bongers, Tonia L Nicholls, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen
By constructing risk assessment tools in which the individual items are organized in the same way for male and female juvenile offenders it is assumed that these items and subscales have similar relevance across males and females. The identification of criminogenic needs that vary in relevance for 1 of the genders, could contribute to more meaningful risk assessments, especially for female juvenile offenders. In this study, exploratory factor analyses (EFA) on a construction sample of male (n = 3,130) and female (n = 466) juvenile offenders were used to aggregate the 30 items of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) into empirically based risk/need factors and explore differences between genders...
February 2016: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388932/epidemiology-and-socioeconomic-features-of-appendicitis-in-taiwan-a-12-year-population-based-study
#11
Kai-Biao Lin, K Robert Lai, Nan-Ping Yang, Chien-Lung Chan, Yuan-Hung Liu, Ren-Hao Pan, Chien-Hsun Huang
INTRODUCTION: This paper presents an epidemiologic study of appendicitis in Taiwan over a twelve-year period. An analysis of the incidence in the low-income population (LIP) is included to explore the effects of lower socioeconomic status on appendicitis. METHODS: We analyzed the epidemiological features of appendicitis in Taiwan using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from 2000 to 2011. All cases diagnosed as appendicitis were enrolled...
2015: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388805/gender-differences-in-crowd-perception
#12
Yang Bai, Allison Y Leib, Amrita M Puri, David Whitney, Kaiping Peng
In this study, we investigated whether the first impression of a crowd of faces-crowd perception-is influenced by social background and cognitive processing. Specifically, we explored whether males and females, two groups that are distinct biologically and socially, differ in their ability to extract ensemble characteristics from crowds of faces that were comprised of different identities. Participants were presented with crowds of similar faces and were instructed to scroll through a morphed continuum of faces until they found a face that was representative of the average identity of each crowd...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26387770/examining-professionals-perspectives-on-sexuality-for-service-users-of-a-forensic-psychiatry-unit
#13
Kalpana Elizabeth Dein, Paul Simon Williams, Irina Volkonskaia, Ava Kanyeredzi, Paula Reavey, Gerard Leavey
Very little is known about the sexual activities of psychiatric patients during their stay in hospital and beyond. In this article, we have explored how mental health professionals working within a forensic psychiatric unit construct the issue of patient sexuality in order to ascertain the range of sexual possibilities open to patients. Drawing on interviews with twenty four participants--psychiatrists and clinical psychologists (clinical staff), we examined how participants made sense of patient sexuality and their clinical judgments in relation to them...
January 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26387702/-a-case-of-cavernous-lymphangioma-of-the-small-bowel-mesentery
#14
In Taik Hong, Jae Myung Cha, Joung Il Lee, Kwang Ro Joo, Il Hyun Baek, Hyun Phil Shin, Jung Won Jeon, Jun Uk Lim
Lymphangioma is a benign vascular lesion with characteristics of subepithelial tumor which can proliferate in the lymphatic system. Lymphangioma of the small-bowel mesentery is rare, having been reported in less than 2% of all lymphangiomas. Lymphangioma does not require any specific treatment because it is absolutely a benign tumor. However, surgical exploration is rarely required for cases with disease-related symptoms or complications, or for those misdiagnosed as a malignant lesion. We recently experienced a case of mesenteric cavernous lymphangomas in a 53-year-old female who was misdiagnosed as having a liposarcoma...
September 2015: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26387166/-the-effect-of-chronic-intoxication-with-low-doses-of-chlorpyrifos-on-the-behavioral-parameters-of-female-rats
#15
S V Grabovska, Y T Salyha
We explored the effect of chronic chlorpyrifos intake on the behavior of female laboratory rats. The animals were exposed to chlorpyrifos in doses 5 and 10 mg/kg daily for a month long and tested with behavioral tests: Morris water maze, Open field test, and Dark/light box. Everyday chlorpyrifos intake in dose 10 mg/kg was revealed to cause long- and short-term spatial memory lesion, decrease in total activity, sharp changes in the level of anxiety (it significantly increased at the start of xenobiotic intake, and then normalized with time)...
2015: Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26386844/physical-activity-engagement-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-qualitative-study-to-inform-intervention-development
#16
Janet Withall, Anne M Haase, Nicola E Walsh, Anita Young, Fiona Cramp
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is lower than in the general population. PA can improve physical function in RA, decrease chronic inflammation and reduce pain, without adversely affecting disease activity. OBJECTIVES: To explore patient's views on approaches to delivering PA programmes and inform a programme to maximise functional ability through long-term engagement with PA. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected via three focus groups which explored the views of people with RA of their PA support needs following diagnosis; experiences relating to PA; motivators and facilitators to support PA engagement and the suitability for people with RA of evidence based PA programmes designed for other long-term conditions...
September 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26386781/near-or-far-it-depends-on-my-impression-moral-information-and-spatial-behavior-in-virtual-interactions
#17
Tina Iachini, Stefano Pagliaro, Gennaro Ruggiero
Near body distance is a key component of action and social interaction. Recent research has shown that peripersonal space (reachability-distance for acting with objects) and interpersonal space (comfort-distance for interacting with people) share common mechanisms and reflect the social valence of stimuli. The social psychological literature has demonstrated that information about morality is crucial because it affects impression formation and the intention to approach-avoid others. Here we explore whether peripersonal/interpersonal spaces are modulated by moral information...
October 2015: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26386243/association-of-body-composition-and-hormonal-and-inflammatory-factors-with-tibial-cartilage-volume-and-sex-difference-in-cartilage-volume-in-young-adults
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Benny Antony, Alison Venn, Flavia Cicuttini, Lyn March, Leigh Blizzard, Terence Dwyer, Marita Cross, Graeme Jones, Changhai Ding
OBJECTIVE: To describe the associations between body composition and hormonal and inflammatory factors measured 5 years prior and tibial cartilage volume in young adults, and to explore if these factors contribute to the sex difference in tibial cartilage volume. METHODS: Subjects broadly representative of the young adult Australian population (n = 328, ages 31-41 years, 47.3% women) were selected. They underwent T1-weighted fat-suppressed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of their knees...
April 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26385854/barriers-and-facilitators-adolescent-females-living-with-hiv-face-in-accessing-contraceptive-services-a-qualitative-assessment-of-providers-perceptions-in-western-kenya
#19
Jill M Hagey, Eliud Akama, James Ayieko, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Craig R Cohen, Rena C Patel
INTRODUCTION: Avoiding unintended pregnancies is important for the health of adolescents living with HIV and has the additional benefit of preventing potential vertical HIV transmission. Health facility providers represent an untapped resource in understanding the barriers and facilitators adolescents living with HIV face when accessing contraception. By understanding these barriers and facilitators to contraceptive use among adolescent females living with HIV, this study aimed to understand how best to promote contraception within this marginalized population...
2015: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26385729/the-changing-relationship-between-hba1c-and-fpg-according-to-different-fpg-ranges
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
X Guan, L Zheng, G Sun, X Guo, Y Li, H Song, F Tian, Y Sun
PURPOSE: Since the American Diabetes Association included hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnostic criteria for diabetes in 2010, the clinical use of HbA1c has remained controversial. We explored the use of HbA1c for diagnosing diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia in comparison with fasting plasma glucose (FPG). METHODS: We screened 3710 adult subjects (mean age = 55.24 years) comprising 1704 males and 2006 females. We drew an receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to evaluate the ability of HbA1c to diagnose diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia according to FPG...
May 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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