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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334638/the-effectiveness-of-physical-exercise-on-cognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-individuals-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Dan Song, Doris S F Yu, Polly W C Li, Yang Lei
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at high risk for developing dementia. Physical exercise is a promising intervention for cognitive decline. Systematic reviews regarding the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes among MCI patients are limited, and a systematic review exploring the effects of exercise modalities on the results has not been conducted. This study evaluated the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes for MCI patients and attempted to identify which specific modality of exercise is more effective...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333892/education-needs-of-families-of-transgender-young-people-a-narrative-review-of-international-literature
#2
Danika Sharek, Sylvia Huntley-Moore, Edward McCann
Education plays a crucial role in the lives of families of transgender young people and mental healthcare practitioners are well-placed to support families in this regard. This paper reports findings from a narrative review of 31 papers that explored the education needs of families of transgender young people. The emergent themes were synthesised to develop a five-stage model that depicts the role of education in the lives of these families. Key themes included: (i) learning that a family member is trans; (ii) family responses; (iii) accessing education and information; (iv) impact on the individual; and (iv) moving beyond the individual...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329163/the-importance-of-parental-connectedness-and-relationships-with-healthcare-professionals-in-end-of-life-care-in-the-picu
#3
Jeannette L Falkenburg, Dick Tibboel, Ruard R Ganzevoort, Saskia J Gischler, Monique van Dijk
OBJECTIVES: Support from healthcare professionals in a PICU is highly valuable for parents of dying children. The way they care for the patients and their families affects the parents' initial mourning process. This study explores what interaction with hospital staff is meaningful to parents in existential distress when their child is dying in the PICU. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. SETTING: Level 3 PICU in the Erasmus University Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, and the Netherlands...
January 11, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328511/stigma-and-unmet-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-among-international-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#4
Teresita Rocha-Jiménez, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Carmen Fernández-Casanueva, Kimberly Brouwer, Shira M Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: To explore international migrant sex workers' experiences and narratives pertaining to the unmet need for and access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) at the Mexico-Guatemala border. METHODS: An inductive qualitative analysis was conducted based on ethnographic fieldwork (2012-2015) including participant observation and audio-recorded in-depth interviews. The participants were female sex workers aged 18 years or older and international migrants working at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325443/moving-upstream-in-health-promoting-policies-for-older-people-with-early-frailty-in-england-a-policy-analysis
#5
Vari Drennan, Kate Walters, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Claire Goodman, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe
Objectives Globally, populations are rapidly ageing and countries have developed health promotion and wellbeing strategies to address increasing demand for health care and old-age support. The older population is not homogeneous however, and includes a large group in transition between being active and healthy to being frail, i.e. with early frailty. This review explores the extent to which policy in England has addressed this group with a view to supporting independence and preventing further progression towards frailty...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316979/the-association-between-mental-health-nursing-and-hospital-admissions-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#6
Matthew J Leach, Martin Jones, Dan Bressington, Fiona Nolan, Adrian Jones, Kuda Muyambi, Marianne Gillam, Richard Gray
BACKGROUND: Relapse in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) is a frequent occurrence and can add considerably to the burden of disease. As such, relapse prevention is an essential therapeutic outcome for people with SMI. Mental health nurses (MHNs) are well placed to support individuals with SMI and to prevent relapse; notwithstanding, there has been no synthesis of the evidence to date to determine whether MHNs prevent relapse in this population. METHODS: Electronic databases will be systemically searched for observational studies and clinical trials that report the association between mental health nursing and the hospitalisation of persons living with an SMI...
January 9, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310541/family-members-existential-and-moral-dilemmas-with-coercion-in-mental-healthcare
#7
Reidun Norvoll, Marit Helene Hem, Hilde Lindemann
Coercion in mental healthcare does not only affect the patient, but also the patient's families. Using data from interviews with 36 family members of adult and adolescent people with mental health problems and coercion experiences, the present narrative study explores family members' existential and moral dilemmas regarding coercion and the factors influencing these dilemmas. Four major themes are identified: the ambiguity of coercion; struggling to stay connected and establishing collaboration; worries and distress regarding compulsory care; and dilemmas regarding initiating coercion...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302322/-crowdsourcing-ten-years-in-a-review
#8
Kerri Wazny
Background: First coined by Howe in 2006, the field of crowdsourcing has grown exponentially. Despite its growth and its transcendence across many fields, the definition of crowdsourcing has still not been agreed upon, and examples are poorly indexed in peer-reviewed literature. Many examples of crowdsourcing have not been scaled-up past the pilot phase. In spite of this, crowdsourcing has great potential, especially in global health where resources are lacking. This narrative review seeks to review both indexed and grey crowdsourcing literature broadly in order to explore the current state of the field...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301561/exploring-narratives-of-resilience-among-seven-males-living-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study
#9
Anne Geard, Marit Kirkevold, Marianne Løvstad, Anne-Kristine Schanke
BACKGROUND: It is a challenge for both individuals and families when an illness or traumatic injury results in a severe spinal cord injury. The on-going physical impairments experienced by persons with spinal cord injury play themselves out over time. Few qualitative studies have explored how health, resilience and wellbeing interplay across time among persons living with the consequences of severe physical injuries. Thus, the aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how individuals with spinal cord injury reflect upon the efforts, strategies and agency they perform to sustain long term resilience and wellbeing...
January 4, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299979/communities-being-well-for-family-well-being-exploring-the-socio-ecological-determinants-of-well-being-in-an-inuit-community-of-northern-quebec
#10
Sarah L Fraser, Valérie Parent, Véronique Dupéré
Inuit communities of Canada experience many disparities in health and psychosocial context. Research in community psychology has shown associations between such socio-ecological factors and individual well-being. The objective of the study was to explore how community-level determinants of well-being influence family well-being in a northern community of Nunavik, Quebec. A total of 14 participants were interviewed. A thematic inductive analysis was conducted to extract community determinants of family well-being from the data...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298326/understanding-the-experience-and-manifestation-of-depression-in-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-harare-zimbabwe
#11
Nicola Willis, Webster Mavhu, Carol Wogrin, Abigail Mutsinze, Ashraf Kagee
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that adolescents living with HIV are at risk of depression, which in turn affects adherence to medication. This study explored the experience and manifestation of depression in adolescents living with HIV in Zimbabwe in order to inform intervention development. METHODS: We conducted a body mapping exercise with 21 HIV positive 15-19 years olds who had been diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Participants created a painted map of their body to assist them in expressing their somatic and emotional experiences in qualitative interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297412/illness-recognition-decision-making-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-a-qualitative-study-in-jigawa-state-northern-nigeria
#12
Vandana Sharma, Jessica Leight, Fatima AbdulAziz, Nadège Giroux, Martina Bjorkman Nyqvist
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality and newborn mortality continue to be major challenges in Nigeria, with the highest levels in the northern part of the country. The objective of this study was to explore the process and sequence of symptom recognition, decision-making, and care-seeking among families experiencing maternal and neonatal illness and deaths in 24 local governmental areas in Jigawa State, Northern Nigeria. METHODS: This qualitative study included 40 illness narratives (ten each for maternal deaths, perceived postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), neonatal deaths, and neonatal illness) that collected data on symptom recognition, perceptions of the causes of disease, decision-making processes, the identity of key decision-makers, and care-seeking barriers and enablers...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297398/illness-recognition-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-in-rural-eastern-uganda
#13
Monica Okuga, Peter Waiswa, Rogers Mandu, Juddy Wachira, Claudia Hanson, Fatuma Manzi
BACKGROUND: To enhance understanding of the roles of community-based initiatives in poor rural societies, we describe and explore illness recognition, decision-making, and appropriate care-seeking for mothers and newborn illnesses in two districts in eastern Uganda where in one implementation district, a facility and community quality improvement approach was implemented. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using qualitative methods. We conducted 48 event narratives: eight maternal and newborn deaths and 16 maternal and newborn illnesses...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294935/intervening-in-a-sketchy-situation-exploring-the-moral-motivations-of-college-bystanders-of-sexual-assault
#14
Samuel C Gable, Sharon Lamb, Madeline Brodt, Leah Atwell
This mixed-methods research explored the moral motivations of undergraduates who identified as bystanders in a situation of potential sexual assault. In the quantitative analysis, we examined the difference between interveners and noninterveners with regard to their scores on the Moral Foundations Questionnaire-30 Item (MFQ-30), which considers five moral foundations from Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) of care/harm, fairness/cheating, loyalty/betrayal, authority/subversion, and sanctity/degradation, as well as measures of bystander attitudes (BAS-R) and rape-myth acceptance (IRMA, modified)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294896/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-growth-and-psychosocial-variables-in-survivors-of-state-terrorism-and-their-relatives
#15
Manuel Cárdenas-Castro, Ximena Faúndez-Abarca, Héctor Arancibia-Martini, Cristián Ceruti-Mahn
The present study explores reports of growth in survivors and family members of victims of state terrorism ( N = 254) in Chile from 1973 to 1990. The results indicate the presence of reports of posttraumatic growth ( M = 4.69) and a positive and statistically significant correlation with variables related to the life impact of the stressful events ( r = .46), social sharing of emotions ( r = .32), deliberate rumination ( r = .37), positive reappraisal ( r = .35), reconciliation ( r = .39), spiritual practices ( r = ...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294786/using-reoffenders-experiences-and-perspectives-to-improve-intimate-partner-violence-treatment
#16
Galina A Portnoy, Christopher M Murphy
A substantial proportion of partner-violent men reoffend subsequent to completing intimate partner violence (IPV) treatment. A critical step in enhancing treatment for IPV perpetration is to understand reoffense among those who recidivate following treatment completion. Investigating reoffenders' own perceptions regarding potential directions for treatment modification may improve overall treatment outcomes. Qualitative research examining the experiences of participants who utilize IPV treatment is limited...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290216/cardiovascular-disease-in-women-living-with-hiv-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Danielle Solomon, Caroline A Sabin, Patrick W G Mallon, Alan Winston, Shema Tariq
Advances in the treatment of HIV have led to increasing numbers of people living with HIV reaching older age. Age-related comorbid conditions, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), are therefore of increasing importance in HIV clinical practice. Over half the global population of people living with HIV are female. We present a narrative literature review of 39 studies exploring CVD in women living with HIV (WLHIV), with particular reference to coronary heart disease, and focusing on: (1) epidemiology, (2) pathophysiology, (3) risk factors (including traditional risk factors and HIV-related risk factors), and (4) management...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284312/exploring-the-contemporary-stage-and-scripts-for-the-enactment-of-dying-roles-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#18
Daniel Lowrie, Robin Ray, David Plummer, Matthew Yau
This narrative review explores the literature regarding the drama of dying from several academic perspectives. Three key themes were identified including "The impact of blurred boundaries on roles and transitions," "The orchestration of death and dying through time," and "Contemporary dying and new machinery of control." This review reveals the manner in which tightly scripted dying roles serve the needs of the living to a greater extent than those of the dying, by ensuring the depiction of both dying and death as phenomena which have been brought under the control of the living, thereby countering death anxiety...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283674/patient-narratives-as-a-teaching-tool-a-pilot-study-of-first-year-medical-students-and-patient-educators-affected-by-intellectual-developmental-disabilities
#19
Alon Coret, Kerry Boyd, Kevin Hobbs, Joyce Zazulak, Meghan McConnell
PROBLEM: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) face complex biopsychosocial challenges and are medically underserved. This is in part due to insufficient resources and supports but can also be attributed to a lack of adequate physician training in addressing the unique needs of this population. INTERVENTION: This study aimed to introduce 1st-year medical students to the IDD population using a blended educational experience that included video narratives of and direct interactions with people affected by IDD...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283073/patients-illness-perceptions-of-type-2-diabetes-a-scoping-review
#20
Elena D Dimova, Ashleigh Ward, Vivien Swanson, Josie Mm Evans
BACKGROUND: People's personal perceptions, or illness representations, of type 2 diabetes can act as barriers to successful self-management. INTRODUCTION: Understanding patients' subjective perceptions of type 2 diabetes can aid the design of evidence-based care and appropriate educational programmes. This scoping review provides a narrative account of previous knowledge of patients' illness representations of type 2 diabetes. METHOD: Quantitative and qualitative studies that explored patients' illness representations of type 2 diabetes, as defined by Leventhal's Common Sense Model, were included...
December 27, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
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