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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813437/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-internet-use-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people-the-good-the-bad-and-the-unknown
#1
Amanda Marchant, Keith Hawton, Ann Stewart, Paul Montgomery, Vinod Singaravelu, Keith Lloyd, Nicola Purdy, Kate Daine, Ann John
BACKGROUND: Research exploring internet use and self-harm is rapidly expanding amidst concerns regarding influences of on-line activities on self-harm and suicide, especially in young people. We aimed to systematically review evidence regarding the potential influence of the internet on self-harm/suicidal behaviour in young people. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review based on an electronic search for articles published between 01/01/2011 and 26/01/2015 across databases including Medline, Cochrane and PsychInfo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813074/oral-narrative-of-individuals-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#2
Giulia Ganthous, Natalia Freitas Rossi, Célia Maria Giacheti
Purpose: To investigate and compare the oral narrative of individuals with FASD and individuals with typical language development (TLD), as well as to correlate the narrative performance with the score from 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. Methods: Participants were 20 individuals with FASD, of both genders, with chronological age between 6 and 16 years, and 20 individuals with TLD, same gender and similar to the FASD group in age and socioeconomic status. The oral narrative was elicited using the book Frog, where are you? and the data were analyzed in terms of macrostructure, microstructure and global coherence level...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812832/exploring-the-functioning-of-decision-space-a-review-of-the-available-health-systems-literature
#3
REVIEW
Tamlyn Eslie Roman, Susan Cleary, Diane McIntyre
BACKGROUND: The concept of decision space holds appeal as an approach to disaggregating the elements that may influence decision-making in decentralized systems. This narrative review aims to explore the functioning of decision space and the factors that influence decision space. METHODS: A narrative review of the literature was conducted with searches of online databases and academic journals including PubMed Central, Emerald, Wiley, Science Direct, JSTOR, and Sage...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812457/from-half-dead-to-being-free-resistance-to-hiv-stigma-self-disclosure-and-support-for-pmtct-hiv-care-among-couples-living-with-hiv-in-kenya
#4
Sydney A Spangler, Lisa L Abuogi, Eliud Akama, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Anna Helova, Pamela Musoke, Wafula Z Nalwa, Thomas A Odeny, Maricianah Onono, Iris Wanga, Janet M Turan
In sub-Saharan Africa, self-disclosure of HIV-positive status may be a pivotal action for improving access to prevention of mother-to-child transmission services. However, understanding of HIV stigma and disclosure, and their effects on demand for care remains incomplete - particularly in the current context of new antiretroviral therapy guidelines. The purpose of this study was to explore these issues among self-disclosed couples living in southwest Kenya. We conducted 38 in-depth interviews with HIV-positive pregnant or postpartum women and their male partners...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809660/longitudinal-study-of-changes-in-occupational-therapy-students-perspectives-on-frames-of-reference
#5
Brittany Hoffer Nash, Anita Witt Mitchell
We explored students' views of the value of frames of reference (FoR) as they progressed through the didactic portion of an occupational therapy program. Thirty-four occupational therapy students were provided with a definition of FoR and asked to provide overall thoughts and impressions about FoR and their value 4 times over a period of 15 mo. Data were analyzed using phenomenological traditions, including open coding and analysis of themes. Throughout the program, students' understanding of how to use FoR evolved as they learned to implement them in practice...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#6
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804813/a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-applications-and-complications-of-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-in-management-of-bone-defects-and-nonunions
#7
REVIEW
Mohamed A Imam, James Holton, Lukas Ernstbrunner, Wojciech Pepke, Florian Grubhofer, Ali Narvani, Martyn Snow
PURPOSE: Fracture healing encompasses a succession of dynamic multifactorial metabolic events, which ultimately re-establishes the integrity of the biomechanical properties of the bone. Up to 10% of the fractures occurring annually will need additional surgical procedures because of impaired healing. The aim of this article is to review the current literature regarding the use of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) and its effectiveness in the management of bone defects. METHODS: We have included all published clinical literature investigating the development, techniques and applications of BMAC...
August 13, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802929/caregiver-burden-and-the-nonmotor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Jon P Hiseman, Robin Fackrell
Parkinson's disease has traditionally been considered as primarily a motor disorder (Chaudhuri & Schapira, 2009). It is clear however that it is the burden of the nonmotor symptomatology which impacts significantly more highly on caregiver burden and quality of life (Benavides, Alberquerque, & Chana-Cuevas, 2013; Martinez-Martin, 2011). As Parkinson's disease advances there is an almost inevitable accrual of nonmotor symptoms alongside the motor aspects of the disease. Patients as their disease progresses require increasing support and this is not infrequently provided by an informal caregiver, most typically a spouse or family member (Martinez-Martin, Forjaz, Frades-Payo, et al...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802070/memantine-for-the-treatment-of-general-neuropathic-pain-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Gisèle Pickering, Véronique Morel
Neuropathic pain (NP) is difficult to treat and is associated with a decline in quality of life. NP aetiologies are numerous and a number of pathologies display neuropathic characteristics. Of the various N-Methyl-D-Aspartate antagonists that are alternatives to recommended in first-line NP treatment, memantine has the safest side-effect profile and has long been approved in Alzheimer's disease. The review covers memantine studies in post-herpetic neuralgia, diabetic pain, postoperative pain, complex regional pain syndrome, chronic phantom limb pain, opioid refractory pain, and fibromyalgia...
August 12, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796389/menopause-and-illness-course-in-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#10
Tania Perich, Jane Ussher, Tanya Meade
OBJECTIVES: Menopause may be a time of increased mood symptoms for some women. This systematic review aimed to examine the severity of symptoms and prevalence of mood changes in women with bipolar disorder during peri-menopause and post-menopause. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The two primary outcomes assessed were relapse rates and symptom severity during menopause...
August 10, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795977/strategies-for-supporting-physician-scientists-in-faculty-roles-a-narrative-review-with-key-informant-consultations
#11
Lorelei Lingard, Peter Zhang, Michael Strong, Margaret Steele, John Yoo, James Lewis
PURPOSE: Physician-scientists are a population in decline globally. Solutions to reverse this decline often have focused on the training pipeline. Less attention has been paid to reducing attrition post training, when physician-scientists take up faculty roles. However, this period is a known time of vulnerability because of the pressures of clinical duties and the long timeline to securing independent research funding. This narrative review explored existing knowledge regarding how best to support physician-scientists for success in their faculty roles...
August 8, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795413/nursing-lives-in-the-blogosphere-a-thematic-analysis-of-anonymous-online-nursing-narratives
#12
Aimee Castro, Gavin Andrews
AIM: To explore the work-life narratives of nurses through a thematic analysis of the nursing accounts they post in their publicly accessible, anonymous blogs. BACKGROUND: Many nurses participate on social media. Blogs have been advocated as a self-reflective tool in nursing practice, yet as far as the authors are aware, no previous studies have explored nurses' individual blogs for their potential to reveal nurses' perceptions of nursing work. DESIGN: The research design was qualitative description...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793814/being-mindful-as-a-phenomenological-attitude
#13
Lena Wiklund Gustin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to reflect on being mindful as a phenomenological attitude rather than on describing mindfulness as a therapeutic intervention. I will also explore the possibilities that being mindful might open up in relation to nursing research and holistic nursing. DESIGN AND METHOD: I will describe and interpret mindfulness as a state of being by means of van Manen's phenomenological method, using the language of phenomenology rather than the language of reductionist science...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793801/return-to-work-in-the-context-of-everyday-life-7-11-years-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-follow-up-study
#14
Lisa Holmlund, Susanne Guidetti, Gunilla Eriksson, Eric Asaba
PURPOSE: The aim of this follow-up study was to explore experiences of return to work in the context of everyday life among adults 7-11 years after spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: This study used in-depth interviews and observations in a qualitative design with eight persons who had previously been interviewed in 2008. A narrative approach was used during data gathering and analysis. RESULTS: Return to work was experienced as something constantly needing to be negotiated in the context of everyday life...
August 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793387/indigenous-cardiac-patients-and-relatives-experiences-of-hospitalisation-a-narrative-inquiry
#15
Vainess Mbuzi, Paul Fulbrook, Melanie Jessup
AIM: To explore Indigenous people's experiences of hospitalisation for acute cardiac care. BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australians suffer a higher burden of cardiovascular ill health and hospitalisation rates in comparison to other Australians, but there is little research that explores their perspectives of hospitalisation. DESIGN: Narrative inquiry. METHODS: Interviews were undertaken using storytelling to facilitate participants' descriptions of their hospital experience...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793379/illness-trajectories-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-how-illness-progression-is-related-to-life-narratives-and-interpersonal-relationships
#16
Sabrina Cipolletta, Giorgia Rosamaria Gammino, Arianna Palmieri
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to identify illness trajectories in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by analyzing personal, social and functional dimensions related to ALS progression. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have considered some psychological distinct variables that may moderate illness progression, but no research has combined an extensive qualitative understanding of ALS patients' psychological characteristics and illness progression. DESIGN: A mixed method approach was used to combine quantitative and qualitative measures...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792572/-the-management-of-depression-in-older-adults-and-their-family-caregivers-findings-from-a-research-program-in-quebec
#17
Jane McCusker, Mark Yaffe, Tamara Sussman, Martin Cole, Maida Sewitch, Erin Strumpf, Ellen Freeman, Sylvie Lambert, Manon de Raad
Objectives A research group based at St. Mary's Research Centre, St. Mary's Hospital, Montreal, has conducted a research program over the past two decades that aims to inform improvements in the management of depression in primary care and general medical settings, among older adults. This paper reviews the findings from this research program, discusses the findings in the context of other research, and highlights the implications for practice and health policy.Methods Narrative review and synthesis of 25 published articles, that included: 4 systematic reviews, 10 observational studies, 9 intervention trials, and 2 consensus conference reports...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789770/military-nurse-deployments-similarities-differences-and-resulting-issues
#18
Felecia Rivers, Sandra Gordon
BACKGROUND: Military nurses have a long history of deploying to combat and disaster. Much can be gleaned from their experiences. PURPOSE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore military nurses' perceptions of similarities, differences, and resulting issues of military deployments from narratives of three previous studies. METHODS: Secondary analysis of interviews from 65 U.S. military nurses (Air Force, Army, Navy) was conducted...
July 15, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782344/blood-joy-and-tears-menarche-narratives-of-undergraduate-females-in-a-selected-in-nigeria-private-university
#19
Adenike Adegbayi
The aim of the study is to add to the body of knowledge on less researched aspects of female adolescent health in Nigeria. It specifically explored the menarche or first period narratives of 136 young women, focusing on the contents of the discussion that ensued with whom they told when they first got their period using qualitative methodology. It also explores sources of premenstrual information and how the menstrual period is managed. The sample consisted of 136 undergraduate females in Redeemer's University, Ede, Nigeria...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780957/opening-the-debate-on-mri-practitioner-education-is-there-a-need-for-change
#20
REVIEW
C Westbrook
RATIONALE: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) practitioners are traditionally radiographers who learn MRI experientially. This review opens the debate on whether this is the best way of learning MRI. It was conducted as part of a study exploring the value of direct-entry into MRI via a specialized undergraduate degree without first qualifying as a radiographer. METHOD: A narrative literature review using the search terms MRI, radiography education and specialist education (healthcare, radiography)...
September 2017: Radiography
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