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Bartolo de Jesús Villar-Hernández, Sergio Pérez-Elizalde, José Crossa, Paulino Pérez-Rodríguez, Fernando H Toledo, Juan Burgueño
Plant and animal breeders are interested in selecting the best individuals from a candidate set for the next breeding cycle. In this paper, we propose a formal method under the Bayesian decision theory framework to tackle the selection problem based on genomic selection (GS) in single- and multi-trait settings. We proposed and tested three univariate loss functions (Kullback-Leibler, KL; Continuous Ranked Probability Score, CRPS; Linear-Linear loss, LinLin) and their corresponding multivariate generalizations (Kullback-Leibler, KL; Energy Score, EnergyS; and the Multivariate Asymmetric Loss Function, MALF)...
July 18, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
David G Dennison, Charlene L Blanchard, Bassem Elhassan, Steven L Moran, Alexander Y Shin
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures are common, and the trend in fixation has included the use of locked volar plating. The duration of splinting required after surgery and the effect splinting has upon outcome of the wrist are not clear. Our aim was to compare outcome of patients treated with early versus late motion protocol after volar plating. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with distal radius fractures were prospectively and randomly enrolled into an early versus late motion study including volar plating of the distal radius fracture...
July 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Massimo Varenna, Chiara Crotti
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type 1 (CRPS-1) is a disabling painful disease whose hallmark is pain disproportionate to inciting event. CRPS is also characterized by symptoms and signs, such as vasomotor, sudomotor, trophic and motor changes. Therapeutic approach of CRPS-1 still remains a challenge for clinicians treating a disease with potential heavy consequences on patient prognosis. In the past years, the treatment with bisphosphonates (BPs) has gained some success as confirmed by the results of a number of meta-analyses...
July 14, 2018: Rheumatology International
Geeta Kumari, Ka Ho Wong, Aida Serra, Joon Shin, Ho Sup Yoon, Siu Kwan Sze, James P Tam
BACKGROUND: Jasmintides jS1 and jS2 from Jasminum sambac were previously identified as a novel family of cysteine-rich peptides (CRPs) with an unusual disulfide connectivity. However, very little else is known about jasmintides, particularly their molecular diversity and functions. Here, we report the discovery and characterization of a novel suite of jasmintides from J. sambac using transcriptomic, peptidomic, structural and functional tools. RESULTS: Transcriptomic analysis of leaves, flowers and roots revealed 14 unique jasmintide precursors, all of which possess a three-domain architecture comprising a signal peptide, a pro-domain and a mature jasmintide domain...
July 11, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Peter D Drummond, Natalie Morellini, Philip M Finch, Frank Birklein, Lone F Knudsen
The aim of this study was to determine whether upregulated cutaneous expression of α1-adrenoceptors (α1-AR) is a source of pain in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Immunohistochemistry was used to identify α1-AR on nerve fibres and other targets in the affected and contralateral skin of 90 patients, and in skin samples from 38 pain-free controls. The distribution of α1-AR was compared between patients and controls, and among subgroups of patients defined by CRPS duration, limb temperature asymmetry and diagnostic subtype (CRPS I versus CRPS II)...
July 2, 2018: Pain
Hailong Zhang, Xi Chen, Beibei Zong, Hongmin Yuan, Zhizeng Wang, Yinxiang Wei, Xuance Wang, Guangchao Liu, Jun Zhang, Shulian Li, Guanchang Cheng, Yaohui Wang, Yuanfang Ma
NLRP3 inflammasome activation plays an important role in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), which may relate to excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Gypenosides (Gps), the major ingredients of Gynostemma pentaphylla (Thunb.) Makino, have exerted the properties of anti-hyperglycaemia and anti-inflammation, but whether Gps improve myocardial damage and the mechanism remains unclear. Here, we found that high glucose (HG) induced myocardial damage by activating the NLRP3 inflammasome and then promoting IL-1β and IL-18 secretion in H9C2 cells and NRVMs...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Ye-Ha Jung, Hyeonjin Kim, So Yeon Jeon, Jeong Min Kwon, Won Joon Lee, Yong Chul Kim, Joon Hwan Jang, Soo-Hee Choi, Jun-Young Lee, Do-Hyung Kang
Objective: The aim of this study was to find peripheral biomarkers and central metabolites affecting neuroinflammation in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) patients using [11C]-(R)-PK11195 positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Methods: Using MRS and PET, we measured associations between neurometabolites and neuroinflammation in 12 CRPS patients and 11 healthy controls. Also, we investigated various peripheral parameters that may affect neuroinflammation in CRPS...
July 6, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Maria Grazia Benedetti, Lorenzo Cavazzuti, Massimiliano Mosca, Isabella Fusaro, Alessandro Zati
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Bio-Electro-Magnetic-Energy-Regulation (BEMER) magneto-therapy on pain and functional outcome in complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I). We hypothesized that BEMER therapy, based on its declared effects on microcirculation, could be beneficial in the treatment of this condition. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled double-blind pilot study that included 30 patients with CRPS-I. Patients were divided into two groups: a study group, in which the rehabilitation program was combined with BEMER therapy for 10 consecutive days, and a control group, in which the rehabilitation program was combined with a sham BEMER treatment...
July 9, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Marco Solcà, Roberta Ronchi, Javier Bello-Ruiz, Thomas Schmidlin, Bruno Herbelin, François Luthi, Michel Konzelmann, Jean-Yves Beaulieu, François Delaquaize, Armin Schnider, Adrian G Guggisberg, Andrea Serino, Olaf Blanke
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a new immersive digital technology for complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) that combines principles from mirror therapy and immersive virtual reality and the latest research from multisensory body processing. METHODS: In this crossover double-blind study, 24 patients with CRPS and 24 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were immersed in a virtual environment and shown a virtual depiction of their affected limb that was flashing in synchrony (or in asynchrony in the control condition) with their own online detected heartbeat (heartbeat-enhanced virtual reality [HEVR])...
July 6, 2018: Neurology
Amani A El-Kholy, Mervat G Elanany, May M Sherif, Maha A Gad
BACKGROUND: The rate of surgical site infection (SSI) in patients who undergo emergency operations is higher than in other patients. Previous studies showed an increasing role of gram- negative pathogens (GNP) in SSI. We aimed to identify GNP causing SSIs after emergency surgery, to characterize the carbapenemase-resistance genes in carbapenem-resistant pathogens (CRPs), and to identify the risk factors for SSI caused by CRP. METHOD: We conducted a one-year prospective study from September 2014 in the Emergency Hospital of Cairo University Hospitals...
July 6, 2018: Surgical Infections
Semih Gungor, Rohit Aiyer
RATIONALE: To present an unusual extrapyramidal motor response occurring after a sympathetic block in CRPS and its successful treatment with diphenhydramine. PATIENT CONCERNS: Severe pain related to Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type 1 interfering with activities of daily living. DIAGNOSES: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type 1. INTERVENTIONS: We report a video case reports of two patients with a diagnosis of CRPS type-I...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Corey McGee, Jennifer Skye, Ann Van Heest
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures (DRF) account for nearly one-fifth of all fractures in older adults, and women experience them 5× as often as men. Most DRF occur with low impact injuries to the wrist with an outstretched hand, and are often managed via closed treatment and cast immobilization. Women sustaining a DRF are at risk for upper limb immobility, sensorimotor changes, edema and type I complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Since CRPS onset is likely influenced by alterations in the brain's somatosensory region, a rehabilitation intervention, Graded Motor Imagery (GMI), aims to restore cortical representation, including sensory and motor function, of the affected limb...
June 26, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jeremy Truntzer, Kevin Mertz, Sara Eppler, Kevin Li, Michael Gardner, Robin Kamal
BACKGROUND: In distal radius fracture repair, complications often lead to reoperation and increased cost. We examined the trends and complications in open reduction internal fixation of distal radius fractures across hand specialist and non-hand specialist surgeons. METHODS: We examined claims data from the Humana administrative claims database between 2007 and 2016. International Classification of Disease, 9th Edition and Current Procedural Terminology codes were searched related to distal radius fractures repaired by open reduction internal fixation...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Karen Walseth Hara, Petter Borchgrevink
Background All nations are posed with the challenge of deciding how to allocate limited health care resources. A Patients' Rights Law from 1999 gives patients in Norway with a serious health condition, for which there is efficacious and cost-effective treatment, a legal right to receive health care from the National Health Care system. Methods Recently national guidelines have been produced for implementing these legal rights within 32 fields of specialist health care. One of these fields deals with serious chronic pain conditions...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Kaare Meier
Background Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a surgical treatment for chronic neuropathic pain refractory to conventional treatment. SCS treatment consists of one or more leads implanted in the epidural space of the spinal canal, connected to an implantable pulse generator (IPG). Each lead carries a number of contacts capable of delivering a weak electrical current to the spinal cord, evoking a feeling of peripheral paresthesia. With correct indication and if implanted by an experienced implanter, success rates generally are in the range of about 50-75%...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Harald Breivik, Sara Maria Allen, Audun Stubhaug
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Samaa Al Sayegh, Tove Filén, Mats Johansson, Susanne Sandström, Gisela Stiewe, Stephen Butler
Background and purpose This case of a 42 year old woman with lower extremity Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) after a twisting injury of the ankle, effectively treated with the addition of mirror therapy to a rehabilitation programme, prompted a literature review of both CRPS and mirror therapy. Mirror therapy is a newer adjunct to other forms of pain control and functional restoration for treatment of CRPS as well as other difficult clinical problems. This was a required group project as part of a university based course in chronic pain for healthcare workers...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Erica Garbin Risson, Ana Paula Serpa, Jéssica Jacques Berger, Renata Fabiola Heil Koerbel, Andrei Koerbel
OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord stimulation has been proven highly effective in the treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS). The definitive implantation of a neurostimulator is usually preceded by a therapeutic test (trial), which has the purpose of identifying whether the patient would respond positively to neuromodulation or not. The present study aims to analyze the surgical results of spinal cord stimulation in type 1 CRPS patients who have not undergone trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2011 to August 2017, 160 patients underwent implantation of spinal cord neurostimulator...
August 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Colleen M Johnston, Florin I Oprescu, Marion Gray
Background and aims Pain is known to be a subjective experience yet the majority of pain related research does not address the lived experience of the condition. Difficult to diagnose, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is often poorly managed. The aim of this paper was to identify and synthesise the currently available literature on experiences of living with chronic pain in order to understand where and how CRPS research may be best situated in the future. Methods A narrative review was performed and ProQuest, EBSCO, Informit, Scopus/Science Direct and Web of Science, Medline, CINHAL and Google Scholar were searched in order to identify the literature from 1998 until 2015...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Stephen Butler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
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