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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045972/-acetylsalicylic-acid-treatment-enhanced-immunomodulatory-function-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-derived-from-gingiva
#1
R L Yang, T T Yu, Y H Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in immunomodulation of mesenchymal stem cells derived from gingiva (GMSCs), and to explore the role of ASA in enhancing the immumomodulation of GMSCs and the capacity of GMSCs to treat immune disorders and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Flow cytometry analysis were used to analyze the role of ASA in the expression of stem cells surface markers CD146, CD105, CD90, CD34 and CD45 in GMSCs,and the GMSCs proliferation was analyzed by 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) staining and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045959/-prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-children-aged-0-6-years-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#2
H F Shi, J X Zhang, R Zhang, X L Wang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and trend of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children aged 0-6 years in China. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Wanfang and Weipu Database (VIP ), and the literatures published before February 25, 2017 were selected according to the same criteria. Prevalence Data of three periods were abstracted, then pooled using random effect model...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045936/anti-diabetic-potential-of-the-leaves-of-anisomeles-malabarica-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#3
Peddanna Kotha, Kameswara Rao Badri, Ramya Nagalapuram, Rajasekhar Allagadda, Appa Rao Chippada
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diabetes mellitus is a pandemic metabolic disorder that is affecting a majority of populations in recent years. There is a requirement for new drugs that are safer and cheaper due to the side effects associated with the available medications. METHODS: We investigated the anti-diabetic activity of leaves of Anisomeles malabarica following bioactivity guided fractionation. The different solvent (hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and water) extracts of A...
October 18, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045920/the-association-of-alcohol-consumption-patterns-with-self-rated-physical-health-and-psychiatric-distress-among-afghanistan-and-iraq-era-u-s-veterans
#4
Patrick S Calhoun, Sarah M Wilson, Eric A Dedert, Katherine C Cunningham, Thomas K Burroughs, Terrell A Hicks, Jean C Beckham, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Troster
Alcohol misuse is associated with negative mental and physical health outcomes, which presents a public health concern in veterans. However, less is known regarding outcomes among veterans with low to moderate alcohol consumption. This study included veterans with military service in Iraq and/or Afghanistan (N = 1083) who resided in the VA Mid-Atlantic region catchment area (North Carolina, Virginia, and parts of West Virginia). Participants completed a mailed survey that inquired about demographics, past-year alcohol consumption, self-rated physical health, and psychiatric symptoms...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045916/suicide-deaths-among-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-receiving-dialysis-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-of-64-000-patients-in-taiwan
#5
I-Ming Chen, Po-Hsien Lin, Vin-Cent Wu, Chi-Shin Wu, Jia-Chi Shan, Shu-Sen Chang, Shih-Cheng Liao
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who receive dialysis may experience increased distress and risk of suicide. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study linked Taiwan's national register of ESRD patients on dialysis and the cause-of-death mortality data file. A separate multiple-cause-of-death data file was used to investigate the detailed suicide methods used. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for the overall patient group and by sex, age, year of initiating dialysis, method of suicide, and time since initiation of dialysis...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045915/acute-psychoactive-effects-of-intravenous-ketamine-during-treatment-of-mood-disorders-analysis-of-the-clinician-administered-dissociative-state-scale
#6
Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Samuel T Wilkinson, Larry Davidson, Wendy K Silverman, Gerard Sanacora
INTRODUCTION: Ketamine has rapid-acting antidepressant effects. Frequently, ketamine administration also causes acute psychoactive effects - in trials, these effects are commonly measured using the Clinician Administered Dissociative State Scale (CADSS). However, the CADSS was not designed for this specific purpose, having been validated in other clinical contexts, and anecdotally does not appear to fully capture ketamine's acute psychoactive effects. METHODS: Data were obtained from 110 individuals with mood disorders (predominantly major depressive disorder) who underwent intravenous ketamine infusion...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045862/the-two-state-prehensile-tail-of-the-antibacterial-toxin-colicin-n
#7
Christopher L Johnson, Alexandra S Solovyova, Olli Hecht, Colin Macdonald, Helen Waller, J Günter Grossmann, Geoffrey R Moore, Jeremy H Lakey
Intrinsically disordered regions within proteins are critical elements in many biomolecular interactions and signaling pathways. Antibacterial toxins of the colicin family, which could provide new antibiotic functions against resistant bacteria, contain disordered N-terminal translocation domains (T-domains) that are essential for receptor binding and the penetration of the Escherichia coli outer membrane. Here we investigate the conformational behavior of the T-domain of colicin N (ColN-T) to understand why such domains are widespread in toxins that target Gram-negative bacteria...
October 17, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045851/trends-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-emergency-department-visits-united-states-2006-2013
#8
Kristen Kreisel, Elaine W Flagg, Elizabeth Torrone
BACKGROUND: Pelvic inflammatory disease is a female genital tract disorder with severe reproductive sequelae. Due to difficulties in diagnosing pelvic inflammatory disease, it is not a reportable condition in many states. Females seeking care in emergency departments are a sentinel population for pelvic inflammatory disease surveillance. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in diagnoses of acute pelvic inflammatory disease in a nationally representative sample of emergency departments...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045818/conformational-plasticity-of-hepatitis-c-virus-core-protein-enables-rna-induced-formation-of-nucleocapsid-like-particles
#9
Erik D Holmstrom, Daniel Nettels, Benjamin Schuler
Many of the unanswered questions associated with hepatitis C virus assembly are related to the core protein (HCVcp), which forms an oligomeric nucleocapsid encompassing the viral genome. The structural properties of HCVcp have been difficult to quantify, at least in part because it is an intrinsically disordered protein (IDP). We have used single-molecule FRET techniques to study the conformational dimensions and dynamics of the HCVcp nucleocapsid domain (HCVncd) at various stages during the RNA-induced formation of nucleocapsid-like particles...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045796/the-modification-of-the-ketogenic-diet-mitigates-its-stunting-effects-in-rodents
#10
Arkadiusz Damian Liśkiewicz, Daniela Kasprowska-Liśkiewicz, Anna Sługocka, Marta Maria Nowacka-Chmielewska, Jan Wiaderkiewicz, Halina Jędrzejowska-Szypułka, Jarosław Jerzy Barski, Joanna Lewin-Kowalik
The high fat and low carbohydrate ketogenic diet (HFKD) is extensively studied within the fields of numerous diseases, including cancer and neurological disorders. Since most studies incorporate animal models, ensuring the quality of ketogenic rodent diets is important, both in the context of laboratory animal welfare as well as for the accuracy of the obtained results. In this study we implemented a modification to a commonly-used ketogenic rodent chow by replacing non-resorbable cellulose with wheat bran...
October 18, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045771/national-trends-in-and-correlates-of-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-stimulants-nonmedical-use-frequency-and-use-disorders
#11
Beth Han, Christopher M Jones, Carlos Blanco, Wilson M Compton
OBJECTIVE: To examine national trends in and correlates of nonmedical use of prescription stimulants, nonmedical use frequency, and use disorders among individuals aged 12-64 years. METHODS: Data from 783,400 persons aged 12-64 who participated in the 2003-2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Descriptive analyses and bivariable and multivariable logistic regression and zero-truncated negative binomial regression models were applied. RESULTS: Our multivariable results show that among individuals aged 12-64, the national prevalence of nonmedical use of prescription stimulants in 2003-2004 was higher than in 2007-2008 and was similar to that in 2009-2011, but was lower than in 2013-2014...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045770/treatment-to-enhance-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder-trec-bd-efficacy-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-remediation-versus-active-control
#12
Kathryn E Lewandowski, Sarah H Sperry, Bruce M Cohen, Lesley A Norris, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Dost Ongur, Matcheri S Keshavan
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive dysfunction is a core symptom dimension in bipolar disorder and a strong predictor of functional outcomes. Cognitive remediation (CR) produces moderate, durable effects on cognition in patients with schizophrenia; however, studies of CR in patients with bipolar disorder are sparse and findings have been mixed. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of CR versus active control in patients with bipolar disorder with psychosis. METHODS: Patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of bipolar disorder with psychosis (n = 75) were randomized to a 70-hour computerized CR program or a dose-matched computer control using a parallel design with 1:1 allocation between July 2011 and November 2015...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045599/a-modulatory-effect-of-brief-passive-exposure-to-non-linguistic-sounds-on-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-relevance-to-cognitive-performance
#13
Maki S Koyama, Silvia Ortiz-Mantilla, Cynthia P Roesler, Michael P Milham, April A Benasich
A growing literature on resting-state fMRI (R-fMRI) has explored the impact of preceding sensory experience on intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC). However, it remains largely unknown how passive exposure to irrelevant auditory stimuli, which is a constant in everyday life, reconfigures iFC. Here, we directly compared pre- and post-exposure R-fMRI scans to examine: 1) modulatory effects of brief passive exposure to repeating non-linguistic sounds on subsequent iFC, and 2) associations between iFC modulations and cognitive abilities...
October 17, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045584/oxytocin-fails-to-recruit-serotonergic-neurotransmission-in-the-autistic-brain
#14
Arthur Lefevre, Raphaëlle Mottolese, Jérôme Redouté, Nicolas Costes, Didier Le Bars, Marie-Maude Geoffray, Marion Leboyer, Angela Sirigu
Oxytocin (OT), a neuropeptide involved in affiliation has been shown to enhance social skills in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Nevertheless, OT improvements seem ephemeral. Animal research has demonstrated OT action on serotonin (5-HT), an interaction that we also found in the healthy human brain. Whether such synaptic interplay also occurs in ASD patients is unknown. To address this issue, we mapped the effects of intranasal OT on 5-HT in 18 patients with ASD and 24 healthy controls (HC) in a double blind, placebo controlled, within subject PET-scan experiment...
October 17, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045421/enlarged-virchow-robin-spaces-associate-with-cognitive-decline-in-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Alice Favaretto, Andrea Lazzarotto, Alice Riccardi, Stefano Pravato, Monica Margoni, Francesco Causin, Maria Giulia Anglani, Dario Seppi, Davide Poggiali, Paolo Gallo
The clinical significance of Virchow Robin spaces (VRS) in inflammatory brain disorders, especially in multiple sclerosis (MS), is still undefined. We analysed enlarged VRS (eVRS) by means of phase sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR) MRI sequence and investigated their association with inflammation or brain atrophy, and to clinical or physical disability. Forty-three MS patients (21 clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of MS [CIS], 15 RRMS, 7 progressive [PMS]) and 10 healthy controls (HC) were studied. 3DT1, 3DFLAIR and 2DPSIR images were obtained with a 3T MRI scanner...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045403/mentalized-affectivity-a-new-model-and-assessment-of-emotion-regulation
#16
David M Greenberg, Jonela Kolasi, Camilla P Hegsted, Yoni Berkowitz, Elliot L Jurist
Here we introduce a new assessment of emotion regulation called the Mentalized Affectivity Scale (MAS). A large online adult sample (N = 2,840) completed the 60-item MAS along with a battery of psychological measures. Results revealed a robust three-component structure underlying mentalized affectivity, which we labeled: Identifying emotions (the ability to identify emotions and to reflect on the factors that influence them); Processing emotions (the ability to modulate and distinguish complex emotions); and Expressing emotions (the tendency to express emotions outwardly or inwardly)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045342/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-postpartum-readmission-in-the-united-states-national-surveillance-of-the-revolving-door
#17
Mulubrhan F Mogos, Jason L Salemi, Kiara K Spooner, Barbara L McFarlin, Hamisu H Salihu
OBJECTIVES: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) represent the most common cause of maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Yet, the prevalence and cost of postpartum (42-day) readmission (PPR) among HDP-complicated pregnancies in the United States remains unknown. This study provides national prevalence and cost estimates of HDP, and examine factors associated with potentially preventable PPR following HDP-complicated pregnancies. METHOD: The 2013 and 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Databases were used to investigate HDP and PPR among delivery hospitalizations to women aged 15-49 years...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045307/prevalence-of-antipsychotic-treated-patients-in-a-cohort-of-adult-addicted-patients
#18
Hélène Peyrière, Caroline Diot, Erika Nogue, Marie Verschave, Morgan Laure, Marie-Christine Picot, Pierre Petit, Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Yves Leglise
PURPOSE: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe and estimate the prevalence of antipsychotics (AP) in a cohort of addicted patients, and to compare the profiles of addictive patients receiving AP or not. METHODS: We included all adult patients seen at the addiction care center of Montpellier University Hospital, between January 1, 2015, and March 31, 2015. Demographic, clinical, and therapeutic data were collected from the patients' medical records...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045303/riluzole-serum-concentration-in-pediatric-patients-treated-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
Paul Grant, Cristan Farmer, Jane Song, Timothy Kish, Susan Swedo
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: The goals of this study were to determine whether pediatric serum concentration of riluzole is similar to that observed in adults and to determine whether riluzole serum concentration is associated with adverse effects or efficacy in children and adolescents with treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. METHODS/PROCEDURES: Data were drawn from previously published studies: 1 open-label trial and 1 randomized controlled trial with an open-label extension phase...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045302/neurosteroid-levels-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-a-history-of-cannabis-use-disorders
#20
Brittany L Mason, Erin Van Enkevort, Francesca Filbey, Christine E Marx, John Park, Alyson Nakamura, Prabha Sunderajan, E Sherwood Brown
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: In animal models, levels of the neurosteroid pregnenolone increase after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) administration and pregnenolone appears to attenuate the brain effects of THC. Given these interactions between pregnenolone and THC, we evaluated baseline neurosteroid levels in participants with a history of a cannabis use disorders (CUDs). METHODS/PROCEDURES: Bipolar depressed participants were enrolled in a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of add-on pregnenolone for depression and before receiving pregnenolone or placebo...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
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