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Uros Kuzmanov, Hongbo Guo, Diana Buchsbaum, Jake Cosme, Cynthia Abbasi, Ruth Isserlin, Parveen Sharma, Anthony O Gramolini, Andrew Emili
Phospholamban (PLN) plays a central role in Ca(2+) homeostasis in cardiac myocytes through regulation of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2A (SERCA2A) Ca(2+) pump. An inherited mutation converting arginine residue 9 in PLN to cysteine (R9C) results in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in humans and transgenic mice, but the downstream signaling defects leading to decompensation and heart failure are poorly understood. Here we used precision mass spectrometry to study the global phosphorylation dynamics of 1,887 cardiac phosphoproteins in early affected heart tissue in a transgenic R9C mouse model of DCM compared with wild-type littermates...
October 14, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Maciej Sobkowski, Zbigniew Celewicz, Jarosław Kalinka, Krzysztof Szymanowski, Marcin Serafin, Katarzyna Śmieja, Anna Grzymała-Figura, Kinga Pacocha, Izabela Pieniążek, Jacek Walczak, Agnieszka Żyła, Adam Bierut
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the costs of using carbetocin in the prevention of uterine atony following delivery of the infant by Cesarean section (C-section) under epidural or spinal anesthesia with standard methods of prevention (SMP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study was based on data from three medical centers. A questionnaire was developed to gather patient records on consumption and costs of resources related to C-section, prevention of uterine atony and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) treatment...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Bart W J Philips, Ansje S Fortuin, Stephan Orzada, Tom W J Scheenen, Marnix C Maas
PURPOSE: Pelvic lymph node (PLN) metastases are often smaller than 5 mm and difficult to detect. This work presents a method to perform PLN imaging with ultrahigh-field MRI, using spectrally selective excitation to acquire water and lipid-selective imaging at high spatial resolution. METHODS: A 3D water-selective multigradient echo (mGRE) sequence and lipid-selective gradient echo (GRE) sequence were tested in six healthy volunteers on a 7 Tesla (T) MRI system, using time interleaved acquisition of modes (TIAMO) to improve image homogeneity...
October 7, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Rui Zhou, Jingwen Zhang, Huiying Sun, Yulin Liao, Wangjun Liao
BACKGROUND: The optimal lymph node (LN) classification system for prognostic assessment in distant metastatic gastric cancer (DMGC) patients who undergo LN dissection remains unclear. Therefore, we compared the prognostic performance of positive LN (PLN), LN ratio (LNR), and log odds of positive LNs (LODDS) in DMGC patients. METHODS: A total of 1999 DMGC patients who underwent lymphadenectomy recorded in the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database from 2004 to 2012 were reviewed...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Rifat Akbar, Minati Baral, B K Kanungo
Photophysical properties of a multidentate tripodal ligand, 5,5'-(2-(((8-hydroxyquinolin-5-yl) methylamino)methyl)-2-methylpropane-1,3-diyl) bis (azanediyl)bis (methylene)diquinolin-8-ol, (TAME5OX), with La(3+) and Er(3+) ions have been examined for photonics applications. The change in behavior in electronic spectra of these complexes reveals the use of TAME5OX as a sensitive optical pH based sensor to detect Ln(3+) ions whereas indication of strong green fluorescence allows simultaneous sensing within the visible region in competitive medium...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
Viorel Simion, Cristina Ana Constantinescu, Daniela Stan, Mariana Deleanu, Monica Madalina Tucureanu, Elena Butoi, Ileana Manduteanu, Maya Simionescu, Manuela Calin
Inflammation is a common process associated with numerous vascular pathologies. We hypothesized that targeting the inflamed endothelium by coupling a peptide with high affinity for P-selectin to the surface of dexamethasone-loaded lipid nanoemulsions will highly increase their specific binding to activated endothelial cells (EC) and reduce the cell activation. We developed and characterized dexamethasone-loaded lipid nanoemulsions directed towards P-selectin (PLN-Dex) and monitored their anti-inflammatory effects in vitro using cultured EC (EA...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Y Maurice Morillon, Elizabeth Chase Lessey-Morillon, Matthew Clark, Rui Zhang, Bo Wang, Keith Burridge, Roland Tisch
The use of nondepleting Abs specific for CD4 and CD8 is an effective strategy to tolerize CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in a tissue-specific manner. We reported that coreceptor therapy reverses diabetes in new onset NOD mice. A striking feature of coreceptor-induced remission is the purging of T cells from the pancreatic lymph nodes (PLN) and islets of NOD mice. Evidence indicates that Abs binding to the coreceptors promotes T cell egress from these tissues. The present study examined how coreceptor therapy affects the migration of CD4(+) T cells residing in the PLN of NOD mice...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Antoine Heni Chaanine, Erik Kohlbrenner, Scott I Gamb, Adam J Guenzel, Katherine A Klaus, Ahmed U Fayyaz, K Sreekumaran Nair, Roger J Hajjar, Margaret M Redfield
The Forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) transcription factor has been shown to regulate glucose metabolism, muscle atrophy and cell death in post-mitotic cells. Its role in regulating mitochondrial and myocardial function is not well studied. Based on previous work, we hypothesized that FOXO3a, through BNIP3, modulates mitochondrial morphology and function in HF. We modulated the FOXO3a-BNIP3 pathway in normal and phenylephrine (PE) stressed adult cardiac myocytes (ACM) in vitro and developed a cardiotropic adeno-associated virus serotype 9 encoding dominant-negative FOXO3a (AAV9...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Olga A Tsaplina, Sofia Yu Khaitlina
Dynamic instability of actin filaments can be inhibited by Pi analogs beryllium fluoride and aluminium fluoride that mimic the intermediate ADP-Pi state and stabilize actin filaments. On the other hand, the phosphoryl transfer enzymes can be activated in the absence of aluminium by magnesium fluoride if magnesium ions and sodium fluoride (NaF) were present in the solution. Whether magnesium fluoride promotes functional activities of actin is not known. Here we show, for the first time, that sodium fluoride strongly accelerates polymerization of highly dynamic Mg-F-actin assembled from the monomers proteolytically cleaved between Gly42 and Val43 within the D-loop with actin-specific protease protealysin (Pln-actin), apparently due to stabilization of nuclei formed at the initial step of actin polymerization...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Bethany Winans, Brooke E Tvermoes, Kenneth M Unice, Michael Kovochich, Ernest S Fung, Whitney V Christian, Ellen Donovan, Brent L Finley, Ian Kimber, Dennis J Paustenbach
Hip implants containing cobalt-chromium (CoCr) have been used for over 80 years. In patients with metal-on-metal (MoM) hip implants, it has been suggested that wear debris particles may contribute to metal sensitization in some individuals, leading to adverse reactions. This article presents data from a study in which the popliteal lymph node assay (PLNA) was used to assess immune responses in mice treated with chromium-oxide (Cr2O3) particles, metal salts (CoCl2, CrCl3, and NiCl2) or Cr2O3 particles with metal salts ("A preliminary evaluation of immune stimulation following exposure to metal particles and ions using the mouse popliteal lymph node assay" (B...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Adam S Helms, Francisco J Alvarado, Jaime Yob, Vi T Tang, Francis Pagani, Mark W Russell, Héctor H Valdivia, Sharlene M Day
BACKGROUND: -Aberrant calcium signaling may contribute to arrhythmias and adverse remodeling in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Mutations in sarcomere genes may distinctly alter calcium handling pathways. METHODS: -We analyzed gene expression, protein levels, and functional assays for calcium regulatory pathways in human HCM surgical samples with (n=25) and without (n=10) sarcomere mutations compared with control hearts (n=8). RESULTS: -Gene expression and protein levels for calsequestrin, L-type calcium channel, sodium-calcium exchanger, phospholamban (PLN), calcineurin, and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type II (CaMKII) were similar in HCM compared to controls...
September 29, 2016: Circulation
G Lahat, N Lubezky, F Gerstenhaber, E Nizri, M Gysi, M Rozenek, Y Goichman, I Nachmany, R Nakache, I Wolf, J M Klausner
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the prognostic significance and universal validity of the total number of evaluated lymph nodes (ELN), number of positive lymph nodes (PLN), lymph node ratio (LNR), and log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS) in a relatively large and homogenous cohort of surgically treated pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients. METHODS: Prospectively accrued data were retrospectively analyzed for 282 PDAC patients who had pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) at our institution...
September 29, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Frank Ward, Joanne M Bargman
Membranous lupus nephritis (MLN) has a favorable prognosis compared to proliferative lupus nephritis (PLN) or combined MLN/PLN, although a significant proportion of cases will progress to end-stage kidney disease. There is considerable morbidity associated with thrombotic complications and treatment. Nondirected care includes renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade, cardiovascular risk management, and antimalarial agents. There may be a role for corticosteroid monotherapy in some patients, but this requires further investigation...
September 20, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Kaoru Takeshima, Kazuo Yamafuji, Atsunori Asami, Hideo Baba, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Hidena Takahashi, Chisato Takagi, Kiyoshi Kubochi
Isolated para-aortic lymph node (PLN) recurrence from colorectal cancer (CRC) is rare, with no currently validated treatments. Few reports have described the successful resection of isolated PLN involvement from CRC following chemotherapy. We report the case of a 63-year-old man who underwent sigmoidectomy for sigmoid colon cancer at our hospital. Pathological examination demonstrated advanced sigmoid colon cancer with metastatic involvement in both of the tested PLNs. Palliative chemotherapy was initiated four weeks after surgical resection, with administration of the FOLFIRI regimen...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Grzegorz Juszczyk, Aleksandra Czerw, Tomasz Tatara, Aneta Duda-Zalewska, Joanna Walusiak-Skorupa, Robert Słoniewski, Anna Staniszewska, Dominik Olejniczak, Urszula Religioni
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine the cost intensity of identifying contraindications to fleet car driving in preventive care. BACKGROUND: The objective of a psychological examination is to identify impaired psychomotor function as well as any intellectual, cognitive or emotional incapacities, which may seriously impede safety. METHOD: Real-world data were collected from the healthcare provider in Poland. A total of 8111 anonymous records from psychomotor tests performed between January 1 and December 31, 2012 were analysed...
September 2, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Elham Kayvanpour, Farbod Sedaghat-Hamedani, Ali Amr, Alan Lai, Jan Haas, Daniel B Holzer, Karen S Frese, Andreas Keller, Katrin Jensen, Hugo A Katus, Benjamin Meder
AIMS: Routine genetic testing in Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) has recently become reality using Next-Generation Sequencing. Several studies have explored the relationship between genotypes and clinical phenotypes to support risk estimation and therapeutic decisions, however, most studies are small or restricted to a few genes. This study provides to our knowledge the first systematic meta-analysis on genotype-phenotype associations in DCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrieved PubMed/Medline literature on genotype-phenotype associations in patients with DCM and mutations in LMNA, PLN, RBM20, MYBPC3, MYH7, TNNT2 and TNNI3...
August 30, 2016: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Mimount Bourfiss, Anneline S J M Te Riele, Thomas P Mast, Maarten J Cramer, Jeroen F VAN DER Heijden, Toon A B VAN Veen, Peter Loh, Dennis Dooijes, Richard N W Hauer, Birgitta K Velthuis
INTRODUCTION: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is associated with desmosomal mutations. Although desmosomal disruption affects both ventricles and atria, little is known about atrial involvement in ARVD/C. OBJECTIVE: To describe the extent and clinical significance of structural atrial involvement and atrial arrhythmias (AA) in ARVD/C stratified by genotype. METHODS: We included 71 patients who met ARVD/C Task Force Criteria and underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging and molecular genetic analysis...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Michael Kongnyuy, Abhinav Sidana, Arvin K George, Akhil Muthigi, Amogh Iyer, Richard Ho, Raju Chelluri, Francesca Mertan, Thomas P Frye, Daniel Su, Maria J Merino, Peter L Choyke, Bradford J Wood, Peter A Pinto, Baris Turkbey
BACKGROUND: The high-spatial resolution of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has improved the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer. mpMRI characteristics (extraprostatic extension [EPE], number of lesions, etc.) may predict final pathological findings (positive lymph node [pLN] and pathological ECE [pECE]) and biochemical recurrence (BCR). Tumor contact length (TCL) on MRI, defined as the length of a lesion in contact with the prostatic capsule, is a novel marker with promising early results...
August 24, 2016: Urologic Oncology
Nae-Fang Twu, Yu-Che Ou, Cheng-I Liao, Wei-Yang Chang, Lan-Yan Yang, Yun-Hsin Tang, Tze-Chien Chen, Chi-Hau Chen, Tze-Ho Chen, Lain-Shung Yeh, Shih-Tien Hsu, Yu-Chieh Chen, Cheng-Chang Chang, Ya-Min Cheng, Chia-Yen Huang, Fu-Shing Liu, Yue-Shan Lin, Sheng-Mou Hsiao, Yuan-Yee Kan, Chyong-Huey Lai
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify prognostic factors of early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma (AC) and adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) treated with primary radical surgery, and to evaluate the impact of postoperative adjuvant therapy on outcome. METHODS: The clinical-pathological data of all patients (n = 1132) with stages I-II cervical AC/ASC treated with primary radical surgery at the member hospitals of the Taiwanese Gynecologic Oncology Group were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Surgical Oncology
Yuzhi Jia, Hsiang-Chun Chang, Matthew J Schipma, Jing Liu, Varsha Shete, Ning Liu, Tatsuya Sato, Edward B Thorp, Philip M Barger, Yi-Jun Zhu, Navin Viswakarma, Yashpal S Kanwar, Hossein Ardehali, Bayar Thimmapaya, Janardan K Reddy
Mediator, an evolutionarily conserved multi-protein complex consisting of about 30 subunits, is a key component of the polymerase II mediated gene transcription. Germline deletion of the Mediator subunit 1 (Med1) of the Mediator in mice results in mid-gestational embryonic lethality with developmental impairment of multiple organs including heart. Here we show that cardiomyocyte-specific deletion of Med1 in mice (csMed1-/-) during late gestational and early postnatal development by intercrossing Med1fl/fl mice to α-MyHC-Cre transgenic mice results in lethality within 10 days after weaning due to dilated cardiomyopathy-related ventricular dilation and heart failure...
2016: PloS One
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