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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157865/peptide-yy-3-36-modulates-intracellular-calcium-through-activation-of-the-phosphatidylinositol-pathway-in-hippocampal-neurons
#1
Michelle Flores Domingues, Dênis Reis de Assis, Angela Regina Piovesan, Cháriston André Dal Belo, Jaderson Costa da Costa
Peptide YY (PYY) belongs to the neuropeptide Y (NPY) family, which also includes the pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and NPY. PYY is secreted by the intestinal L cells, being present in the blood stream in two active forms capable of crossing the blood brain barrier, PYY (1-36) and its cleavage product, PYY (3-36). PYY is a selective agonist for the Y2 receptor (Y2R) and these receptors are abundant in the hippocampus. Here we investigated the mechanisms by which PYY (3-36) regulates intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)]i) in hippocampal neurons by employing a calcium imaging technique in hippocampal cultures...
November 7, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138405/ca-2-signals-initiate-at-immobile-ip3-receptors-adjacent-to-er-plasma-membrane-junctions
#2
Nagendra Babu Thillaiappan, Alap P Chavda, Stephen C Tovey, David L Prole, Colin W Taylor
IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) release Ca(2+) from the ER when they bind IP3 and Ca(2+). The spatial organization of IP3Rs determines both the propagation of Ca(2+) signals between IP3Rs and the selective regulation of cellular responses. Here we use gene editing to fluorescently tag endogenous IP3Rs, and super-resolution microscopy to determine the geography of IP3Rs and Ca(2+) signals within living cells. We show that native IP3Rs cluster within ER membranes. Most IP3R clusters are mobile, moved by diffusion and microtubule motors...
November 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129205/the-steroid-hormone-20-hydroxyecdysone-upregulates-calcium-release-activated-calcium-channel-modulator-1-expression-to-induce-apoptosis-in-the-midgut-of-helicoverpa-armigera
#3
Yong-Bo Li, Xu-Yang Pei, Di Wang, Cai-Hua Chen, Mei-Juan Cai, Jin-Xing Wang, Xiao-Fan Zhao
Animal steroid hormones stimulate extracellular Ca(2+) influx into cells; however, the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we determined that the Ca(2+) influx induced by steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) is mediated by the calcium release-activated calcium channel modulator 1 (CRACM1/Orai1). The Orai1 mRNA is highly expressed during midgut programmed cell death in the lepidopteran insect Helicoverpa armigera. 20E upregulated the expression of Orai1 in H. armigera larvae and in an epidermal cell line (HaEpi)...
December 2017: Cell Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127580/sigma-1-receptor-agonists-induce-oxidative-stress-in-mitochondria-and-enhance-complex-i-activity-in-physiological-condition-but-protect-against-pathological-oxidative-stress
#4
Nino Goguadze, Elene Zhuravliova, Didier Morin, Davit Mikeladze, Tangui Maurice
The sigma1 receptor (σ1R) is a chaperone protein residing at mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membranes (MAMs), where it modulates Ca(2+) exchange between the ER and mitochondria by interacting with inositol-1,4,5 trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs). The σ1R is highly expressed in the central nervous system and its activation stimulates neuromodulation and neuroprotection, for instance in Alzheimer's disease (AD) models in vitro and in vivo. σ1R effects on mitochondria pathophysiology and the downstream signaling are still not fully understood...
November 10, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107242/silence-of-inositol-1-4-5-trisphosphate-receptor-expression-decreases-cyantraniliprole-susceptibility-in-bemisia-tabaci
#5
Lei Guo, Pei Liang, Kuan Fang, Dong Chu
Cyantraniliprole is the second active ingredient of anthranilic diamide insecticide, and the first to control a cross-spectrum of chewing and sucking pests such as sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) and ryanodine receptor (RyR) are two families of Ca(2+) release channels to raise the cytoplasmic free calcium concentration when it is activated by various extracellular stimuli. Previous study proved the over-expression of ryanodine receptor (RyR) was associated with the resistance to diamide insecticides, while the roles of IP3R in diamide resistance remain unknown...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074990/organelle-membrane-derived-patches-reshaping-classical-methods-for-new-targets
#6
George Shapovalov, Abigaël Ritaine, Gabriel Bidaux, Christian Slomianny, Anne-Sophie Borowiec, Dmitri Gordienko, Geert Bultynck, Roman Skryma, Natalia Prevarskaya
Intracellular ion channels are involved in multiple signaling processes, including such crucial ones as regulation of cellular motility and fate. With 95% of the cellular membrane belonging to intracellular organelles, it is hard to overestimate the importance of intracellular ion channels. Multiple studies have been performed on these channels over the years, however, a unified approach allowing not only to characterize their activity but also to study their regulation by partner proteins, analogous to the patch clamp "golden standard", is lacking...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069790/downregulation-of-type-3-inositol-1-4-5-trisphosphate-receptor-decreases-breast-cancer-cell-migration-through-an-oscillatory-ca-2-signal
#7
Abdallah Mound, Alexia Vautrin-Glabik, Arthur Foulon, Béatrice Botia, Frédéric Hague, Jan B Parys, Halima Ouadid-Ahidouch, Lise Rodat-Despoix
Breast cancer remains a research priority due to its invasive phenotype. Although the role of ion channels in cancer is now well established, the role of inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors (IP3Rs) remains enigmatic. If the three IP3Rs subtypes expression have been identified in various cancers, little is known about their physiological role. Here, we investigated the involvement of IP3R type 3 (IP3R3) in the migration processes of three human breast cancer cell lines showing different migration velocities: the low-migrating MCF-7 and the highly migrating and invasive MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-435S cell lines...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066806/phosphoinositide-specific-phospholipase-c%C3%AE-1-inhibition-induces-autophagy-in-human-colon-cancer-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#8
Lianzhi Dai, Xiaolei Chen, Xiaohong Lu, Fen Wang, Yanyan Zhan, Gang Song, Tianhui Hu, Chun Xia, Bing Zhang
Phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) γ1 has been reported to be involved in cancer cell proliferation and metastasis. However, whether PLCγ1 modulates autophagy and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we investigated the relationship between PLCγ1 and autophagy in the human colon cancer cell line HCT116 and hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2. The results indicated that PLCγ1 inhibition via lentivirus-mediated transduction with shRNA/PLCγ1 or transient transfection with pRK5-PLCγ1 (Y783A) vector increased LC3B-II levels and the number of autophagic vacuoles and decreased p62 levels...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060454/a-computational-model-of-intracellular-calcium-oscillations-in-urinary-bladder-smooth-muscle-cells
#9
Suranjana Gupta, Avni Majawadia, Rohit Manchanda
This paper presents a computational model for calcium (Ca(2+)) oscillations in detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) cells. The proposed model simulates the temporal profile of oscillations by incorporating various cellular and subcellular components. The cellular components include calcium influx via membrane and the plasma membrane calcium ATPase (PMCA) pump. The subcellular components include ryanodine receptors (RyRs), inositol 1, 4, 5 trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) and the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) pump...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054453/disruption-of-dopamine-d1-d2-receptor-complex-is-involved-in-the-function-of-haloperidol-in-cardiac-h9c2-cells
#10
L Lencesova, I Szadvari, P Babula, J Kubickova, B Chovancova, K Lopusna, I Rezuchova, Z Novakova, O Krizanova, M Novakova
AIMS: Haloperidol is an antipsychotic agent and acts as dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) antagonist, as a prototypical ligand of sigma1 receptors (Sig1R) and it increases expression of type 1 IP3 receptors (IP3R1). However, precise mechanism of haloperidol action on cardiomyocytes through dopaminergic signaling was not described yet. This study investigated a role of dopamine receptors in haloperidol-induced increase in IP3R1 and Sig1R, and compared physiological effect of melperone and haloperidol on basic heart parameters in rats...
October 17, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042597/herpud1-negatively-regulates-pathological-cardiac-hypertrophy-by-inducing-ip3-receptor-degradation
#11
Natalia Torrealba, Mario Navarro-Marquez, Valeria Garrido, Zully Pedrozo, Diego Romero, Yuka Eura, Elisa Villalobos, Juan Carlos Roa, Mario Chiong, Koichi Kokame, Sergio Lavandero
Cardiac hypertrophy is an adaptive response triggered by pathological stimuli. Regulation of the synthesis and the degradation of the Ca(2+) channel inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) affects progression to cardiac hypertrophy. Herpud1, a component of the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) complex, participates in IP3R1 degradation and Ca(2+) signaling, but the cardiac function of Herpud1 remains unknown. We hypothesize that Herpud1 acts as a negative regulator of cardiac hypertrophy by regulating IP3R protein levels...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030298/linking-muscarinic-receptor-activation-to-ups-mediated-object-memory-destabilization-implications-for-long-term-memory-modification-and-storage
#12
Mikaela L Stiver, Jacob M Cloke, Natalie Nightingale, Julian Rizos, William S Messer, Boyer D Winters
Consolidated memories can become destabilized during reactivation, resulting in a transient state of instability, a process that has been hypothesized to underlie long-term memory updating. Consistent with this notion, relatively remote memories, which are resistant to standard destabilization procedures, are reliably destabilized when novel information (i.e., the opportunity for memory updating) is present during reactivation. We have also shown that cholinergic muscarinic receptor (mAChR) activation can similarly destabilize consolidated object memories...
October 10, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029792/analyzing-optical-imaging-of-ca-2-signals-via-tirf-microscopy-the-limits-on-resolution-due-to-chemical-rates-and-depth-of-the-channels
#13
Patrick Toglia, Ghanim Ullah, John E Pearson
High resolution total internal reflection (TIRF) microscopy (TIRFM) together with detailed computational modeling provides a powerful approach towards the understanding of a wide range of Ca(2+) signals mediated by the ubiquitous inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor (IP3R) channel. Exploiting this fruitful collaboration further requires close agreement between the models and observations. However, elementary Ca(2+) release events, puffs, imaged through TIRFM do not show the rapid single-channel openings and closings during and between puffs as are present in simulated puffs using data-driven single channel models...
November 2017: Cell Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026094/electropermeabilization-of-inner-and-outer-cell-membranes-with-microsecond-pulsed-electric-fields-quantitative-study-with-calcium-ions
#14
Hanna Hanna, Agnese Denzi, Micaela Liberti, Franck M André, Lluis M Mir
Microsecond pulsed electric fields (μsPEF) permeabilize the plasma membrane (PM) and are widely used in research, medicine and biotechnology. For internal membranes permeabilization, nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF) are applied but this technology is complex to use. Here we report that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane can also be electropermeabilized by one 100 µs pulse without affecting the cell viability. Indeed, using Ca(2+) as a permeabilization marker, we observed cytosolic Ca(2+) peaks in two different cell types after one 100 µs pulse in a medium without Ca(2+)...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017172/the-emerging-roles-of-cib1-in-cancer
#15
Xianwang Wang, Xiaochun Peng, Xueqing Zhang, Hanyi Xu, Chengbiao Lu, Lian Liu, Jiaxing Song, Yingjie Zhang
Calcium and integrin-binding protein 1 (CIB1) is an EF-hand calcium binding protein, which is involved in many cellular processes, including calcium signaling, cell survival and proliferation, cell migration, cell adhesion and apoptosis. A number of studies have found that CIB1 is ubiquitously expressed and is related to various human diseases, such as cancer, Alzheimer's disease (AD), cardiac hypertrophy and male infertility. The mechanism of CIB1 in human diseases is still not clear, although multiple functions of CIB1 are modulated by interacting with numerous interacting partners...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986568/bik-reduces-hyperplastic-cells-by-increasing-bak-and-activating-dapk1-to-juxtapose-er-and-mitochondria
#16
Yohannes A Mebratu, Ivan Leyva-Baca, Marc G Wathelet, Neal Lacey, Hitendra S Chand, Augustine M K Choi, Yohannes Tesfaigzi
Bik reduces hyperplastic epithelial cells by releasing calcium from endoplasmic reticulum stores and causing apoptosis, but the detailed mechanisms are not known. Here we report that Bik dissociates the Bak/Bcl-2 complex to enrich for ER-associated Bak and interacts with the kinase domain of DAPk1 to form Bik-DAPk1-ERK1/2-Bak complex. Bik also disrupts the Bcl2-IP3R interaction to cause ER Ca(2+) release. The ER-associated Bak interacts with the kinase and calmodulin domains of DAPk1 to increase the contact sites of ER and mitochondria, and facilitate ER Ca(2+) uptake by mitochondria...
October 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968832/long-term-in-vivo-calcium-imaging-of-astrocytes-reveals-distinct-cellular-compartment-responses-to-sensory-stimulation
#17
Jillian L Stobart, Kim David Ferrari, Matthew J P Barrett, Michael J Stobart, Zoe J Looser, Aiman S Saab, Bruno Weber
Localized, heterogeneous calcium transients occur throughout astrocytes, but the characteristics and long-term stability of these signals, particularly in response to sensory stimulation, remain unknown. Here, we used a genetically encoded calcium indicator and an activity-based image analysis scheme to monitor astrocyte calcium activity in vivo. We found that different subcellular compartments (processes, somata, and endfeet) displayed distinct signaling characteristics. Closer examination of individual signals showed that sensory stimulation elevated the number of specific types of calcium peaks within astrocyte processes and somata, in a cortical layer-dependent manner, and that the signals became more synchronous upon sensory stimulation...
November 19, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965754/patchouli-alcohol-isolated-from-pogostemon-cablin-mediates-endothelium-independent-vasorelaxation-by-blockade-of-ca-2-channels-in-rat-isolated-thoracic-aorta
#18
Guan-Ying Hu, Cheng Peng, Xiao-Fang Xie, Liang Xiong, San-Yin Zhang, Xiao-Yu Cao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The aerial parts of Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. for the treatment of cardiodynia have been documented in Mingyi Bielu of late Han Dynasty, in addition to that the Ca(2+) antagonized activities of P. cablin and its critically pharmacological ingredient patchouli alcohol (PA) were reported previously. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the relaxant effects of PA on rat isolated thoracic aortas and further explore its potential mechanisms of actions...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961124/parallel-stochastic-discrete-event-simulation-of-calcium-dynamics-in-neuron
#19
Mohammad Nazrul Ishlam Patoary, Carl Tropper, Robert A McDougal, Lin Zhongwei, William W Lytton
The intra-cellular calcium signaling pathways of a neuron depends on both biochemical reactions and diffusions. Some quasi-isolated compartments (e.g. spines) are so small and calcium concentrations are so low that one extra molecule diffusing in by chance can make a nontrivial difference in its concentration (percentage-wise). These rare events can affect dynamics discretely in such way that they cannot be evaluated by a deterministic simulation. Stochastic models of such a system provide a more detailed understanding of these systems than existing deterministic models because they capture their behavior at a molecular level...
September 26, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953423/overview-of-signaling-mechanism-pathways-employed-by-bpaid-in-vasodilatory-activity
#20
Yean Chun Loh, Chu Shan Tan, Yung Sing Ch'ng, Mariam Ahmad, Chiew Hoong Ng, Mun Fei Yam
Hypertension, one of the famous "silent killers" that can attack people at any age, is a current hot topic among scientists due to multiple syndromic behavior and concomitant diseases. The new scientific-based Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) formulation approach was used in a previous study by combining five TCM herbs, including Gastrodia elata Bl., Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. ex Havil., Pueraria thomsonii Benth., Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen, and Alisma orientalis (Sam.) Juzep in optimized ratio (named BPAid)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
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