keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bag Mask Ventilation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789465/efficacy-safety-and-usability-of-remifentanil-as-premedication-for-insure-in-preterm-neonates
#1
Hadiyah Y Audil, Sara Tse, Chad Pezzano, Amy Mitchell-van Steele, Joaquim M B Pinheiro
Background : We previously reported a 67% extubation failure with INSURE (Intubation, Surfactant, Extubation) using morphine as analgosedative premedication. Remifentanil, a rapid- and short-acting narcotic, might be ideal for INSURE, but efficacy and safety data for this indication are limited. Objectives : To assess whether remifentanil premedication increases extubation success rates compared with morphine, and to evaluate remifentanil's safety and usability in a teaching hospital context. Methods : Retrospective review of remifentanil orders for premedication, at a large teaching hospital neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
May 22, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764391/practice-and-outcomes-of-neonatal-resuscitation-for-newborns-with-birth-asphyxia-at-kakamega-county-general-hospital-kenya-a-direct-observation-study
#2
Duncan N Shikuku, Benson Milimo, Elizabeth Ayebare, Peter Gisore, Gorrette Nalwadda
BACKGROUND: About three - quarters of all neonatal deaths occur during the first week of life, with over half of these occurring within the first 24 h after birth. The first minutes after birth are critical to reducing neonatal mortality. Successful neonatal resuscitation (NR) has the potential to prevent these perinatal mortalities related to birth asphyxia. This study described the practice of NR and outcomes of newborns with birth asphyxia in a busy referral hospital. METHODS: Direct observations of 138 NRs by 28 healthcare providers (HCPs) were conducted using a predetermined checklist adapted from the national pediatric resuscitation protocol...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739857/how-ventilation-is-delivered-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-an-international-survey
#3
Ricardo Luiz Cordioli, Laurent Brochard, Laurent Suppan, Aissam Lyazidi, François Templier, Abdo Khoury, Stephane Delisle, Dominique Savary, Jean-Christophe Richard
BACKGROUND: Recommendations regarding ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are based on a low level of scientific evidence. We hypothesized that practices about ventilation during CPR might be heterogeneous and may differ worldwide. To address this question, we surveyed physicians from several countries on their practices during CPR. METHODS: We used a Web-based opinion survey. Links to the survey were sent by e-mail newsletters and displayed on the Web sites of medical societies involved in CPR practice from December 2013 to March 2014...
May 8, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728142/intermittent-fetal-heart-rate-monitoring-using-a-fetoscope-or-hand-held-doppler-in-rural-tanzania-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Paschal Francis Mdoe, Hege L Ersdal, Estomih R Mduma, Jeffrey M Perlman, Robert Moshiro, Peter T Wangwe, Hussein Kidanto
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality is a global challenge, with an estimated 1.3 million intrapartum stillbirths in 2015. The majority of these were found in low resource settings with limited options to intrapartum fetal heart monitoring devices. This trial compared frequency of abnormal fetal heart rate (FHR) detection and adverse perinatal outcomes (i.e. fresh stillbirths, 24-h neonatal deaths, admission to neonatal care unit) among women intermittently assessed by Doppler or fetoscope in a rural low-resource setting...
May 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722906/manikin-study-showed-that-counting-inflation-breaths-out-loud-improved-the-speed-of-resuming-chest-compressions-during-two-person-paediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#5
Jang Hee Lee, Ji Ung Na, Dong Hyuk Shin, Sang Kuk Han, Pil Cho Choi, Jun Hwi Cho
AIM: We investigated whether counting inflation breaths out loud during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) led to an earlier resumption of chest compressions. METHODS: In this randomised controlled manikin simulation study, conducted from February 2015 to April 2015, 32 fourth-year Korean medical students, equally divided into study and control groups, performed 10 cycles of 15:2 CPR while administering inflation breaths using a bag mask. The first study participant counted the number of inflation breaths out loud and the second study participant was told to perform chest compressions as soon as they heard their colleague say two...
May 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691106/impact-of-prehospital-airway-management-on-combat-mortality
#6
Garrett B Hardy, Joseph K Maddry, Patrick C Ng, Shelia C Savell, Allyson A Arana, Avery Kester, Vikhyat S Bebarta
INTRODUCTION: Analysis of modern military conflicts suggests that airway compromise remains the second leading cause of preventable death of combat fatalities. This study compares outcomes of combat casualties that received prehospital airway interventions, specifically bag valve mask (BVM) ventilation, cricothyrotomy, and supraglottic airway (SGA) placement. The goal is to compare the effectiveness of airway management strategies used in the military pre-hospital setting. METHODS: This retrospective chart review of 1267 US Army medical evacuation patient care records, compared outcomes of casualties that received prehospital advanced airway interventions...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670762/rolling-refresher-simulation-improves-performance-and-retention-of-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-nurse-code-cart-management
#7
Marcy N Singleton, Kimberly F Allen, Zhongze Li, Kevin McNerney, Urs H Naber, Matthew S Braga
Introduction: Paediatric Intensive Care Unit Nurses (PICU RNs) manage the code cart during paediatric emergencies at the Children's Hospital at Dartmouth-Hitchcock. These are low -frequency, high-stakes events. Methods: An uncontrolled intervention study with 6-month follow-up. A collaboration of physician and nursing experts developed a rolling-refresher training programme consisting of five simulated scenarios, including 22 code cart skills, to establish nursing code cart competency...
April 2018: BMJ simulation & technology enhanced learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666293/fast-or-slow-rescue-ventilations-a-predictive-model-of-gastric-inflation
#8
John R Fitz-Clarke
BACKGROUND: Rescue ventilations are given during respiratory and cardiac arrest. Tidal volume must assure oxygen delivery; however, excessive pressure applied to an unprotected airway can cause gastric inflation, regurgitation, and pulmonary aspiration. The optimal technique provides mouth pressure and breath duration that minimize gastric inflation. It remains unclear if breath delivery should be fast or slow, and how inflation time affects the division of gas flow between the lungs and esophagus...
May 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565643/delivering-chest-compressions-and-ventilations-with-and-without-men-s-lacrosse-equipment
#9
Michael D Clark, Mikaela P Davis, Meredith A Petschauer, Erik E Swartz, Jason P Mihalik
CONTEXT:   Current management recommendations for equipment-laden athletes in sudden cardiac arrest regarding whether to remove protective sports equipment before delivering cardiopulmonary resuscitation are unclear. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effect of men's lacrosse equipment on chest compression and ventilation quality on patient simulators. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Controlled laboratory...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560077/higher-mallampati-scores-are-not-associated-with-more-adverse-events-during-pediatric-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia
#10
Maya S Iyer, Raymond D Pitetti, Melissa Vitale
Introduction: Procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) is used by non-anesthesiologists (NAs) outside of the operating room for several types of procedures. Adverse events during pediatric PSA that pose the most risk to patient safety involve airway compromise. Higher Mallampati scores may indirectly indicate children at risk for airway compromise. Medical governing bodies have proposed guidelines for PSA performed by NAs, but these recommendations rarely suggest using Mallampati scores in pre-PSA evaluations...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552548/effect-of-tactile-stimulation-on-termination-and-prevention-of-apnea-of-prematurity-a-systematic-review
#11
Sophie J E Cramer, Janneke Dekker, Jenny Dankelman, Steffen C Pauws, Stuart B Hooper, Arjan B Te Pas
Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is one of the most common diagnoses in preterm infants. Severe and recurrent apneas are associated with cerebral injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Despite pharmacotherapy and respiratory support to prevent apneas, a proportion of infants continue to have apneas and often need tactile stimulation, mask, and bag ventilation and/or extra oxygen. The duration of the apnea and the concomitant hypoxia and bradycardia depends on the response time of the nurse. We systematically reviewed the literature with the aim of providing an overview of what is known about the effect of manual and mechanical tactile stimulation on AOP...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549460/success-rates-of-pre-hospital-difficult-airway-management-a-quality-control-study-evaluating-an-in-hospital-training-program
#12
Helmut Trimmel, Christoph Beywinkler, Sonja Hornung, Janett Kreutziger, Wolfgang G Voelckel
BACKGROUND: Competence in emergency airway management is key in order to improve patient safety and outcome. The scope of compulsory training for emergency physicians or paramedics is quite limited, especially in Austria. The purpose of this study was to review the difficult airway management performance of an emergency medical service (EMS) in a region that has implemented a more thorough training program than current regulations require, comprising 3 months of initial training and supervised emergency practice and 3 days/month of on-going in-hospital training as previously reported...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542112/laryngeal-mask-airway-versus-bag-mask-ventilation-or-endotracheal-intubation-for-neonatal-resuscitation
#13
REVIEW
Mosarrat J Qureshi, Manoj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Providing effective positive pressure ventilation is considered to be the single most important component of successful neonatal resuscitation. Ventilation is frequently initiated manually with bag and face mask (BMV) followed by endotracheal intubation if respiratory depression continues. These techniques may be difficult to perform successfully resulting in prolonged resuscitation or neonatal asphyxia. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) may achieve initial ventilation and successful resuscitation faster than a bag-mask device or endotracheal intubation...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521869/the-impact-of-the-helping-babies-survive-program-on-neonatal-outcomes-and-health-provider-skills-a-systematic-review
#14
Justine Dol, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Megan Aston, Douglas McMillan, Brianna Richardson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to evaluate the impact of the Helping Babies Survive program on neonatal outcomes and healthcare provider knowledge and skills. INTRODUCTION: The Helping Babies Survive program consists of three modules: Helping Babies Breathe, Essential Care for Every Baby, and Essential Care for Small Babies. It was developed to reduce preventable newborn deaths through skill-based learning using simulation, learning exercises, and peer-to-peer training of healthcare providers in low-resource areas...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497994/the-use-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-the-anticipated-difficult-airway-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#15
Gemma Malpas, Orlando Hung, Ainslie Gilchrist, Chrison Wong, Blaine Kent, Gregory M Hirsch, Robert D Hart
While extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an effective method of oxygenation for patients with respiratory failure, further refinement of its incorporation into airway guidelines is needed. We present a case of severe glottic stenosis from advanced thyroid carcinoma in which gas exchange was facilitated by veno-arterial ECMO prior to achieving a definitive airway. We also conducted a systematic review of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases, using the keywords "airway/ tracheal obstruction", "anesthesia", "extracorporeal", and "cardiopulmonary bypass" to identify reports where ECMO was initiated as the a priori method of oxygenation during difficult airway management...
March 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486039/effect-of-bag-mask-ventilation-vs-endotracheal-intubation-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-on-neurological-outcome-after-out-of-hospital-cardiorespiratory-arrest-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Patricia Jabre, Andrea Penaloza, David Pinero, Francois-Xavier Duchateau, Stephen W Borron, Francois Javaudin, Olivier Richard, Diane de Longueville, Guillem Bouilleau, Marie-Laure Devaud, Matthieu Heidet, Caroline Lejeune, Sophie Fauroux, Jean-Luc Greingor, Alessandro Manara, Jean-Christophe Hubert, Bertrand Guihard, Olivier Vermylen, Pascale Lievens, Yannick Auffret, Celine Maisondieu, Stephanie Huet, Benoît Claessens, Frederic Lapostolle, Nicolas Javaud, Paul-Georges Reuter, Elinor Baker, Eric Vicaut, Frédéric Adnet
Importance: Bag-mask ventilation (BMV) is a less complex technique than endotracheal intubation (ETI) for airway management during the advanced cardiac life support phase of cardiopulmonary resuscitation of patients with out-of-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest. It has been reported as superior in terms of survival. Objectives: To assess noninferiority of BMV vs ETI for advanced airway management with regard to survival with favorable neurological function at day 28...
February 27, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429863/-ventilation-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-the-infant-mouth-to-mouth-and-nose-or-bag-valve-mask-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Myriam Santos-Folgar, Martín Otero-Agra, Felipe Fernández-Méndez, María Teresa Hermo-Gonzalo, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
INTRODUCTION: It has been observed that health professionals have difficulty performing quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study was to compare the quality of ventilations performed by Nursing students on an infant model using different methods (mouth-to-mouth-and-nose or bag-valve-mask). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental cross-sectional study was performed that included 46 second-year Nursing students. Two quantitative 4-minute tests of paediatric CPR were performed: a) mouth-to-mouth-and-nose ventilations, and b) ventilations with bag-valve-mask...
February 8, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420596/flexible-endoscopy-for-pediatric-tracheobronchial-metallic-stent-placement-maintenance-and-long-term-outcomes
#18
Wen-Jue Soong, Pei-Chen Tsao, Yu-Sheng Lee, Chia-Feng Yang
OBJECTIVES: To assess the placement, surveillance management and long-term outcomes of the tracheobronchial (TB) balloon expandable metallic stent (BEMS) managed by therapeutic flexible endoscopy (TFE). METHODS: This is a retrospective review and analysis of all computerized medical records and related flexible endoscopy videos of pediatric patients who received TB BEMS during 20 years period, from January 1997 to December 2016. TFE techniques with forceps debridement, balloon dilatation and laser ablation were used to implant stents, perform regular surveillance, maintain their functions, and expand the diameters of BEMS...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406184/effect-of-preoxygenation-using-non-invasive-ventilation-before-intubation-on-subsequent-organ-failures-in-hypoxaemic-patients-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#19
C Baillard, G Prat, B Jung, E Futier, J Y Lefrant, F Vincent, A Hamdi, E Vicaut, S Jaber
BACKGROUND: Previous data showed that non-invasive ventilation (NIV) applied for 3 min before tracheal intubation ensured better oxygenation compared with using a non-rebreather bag-valve-mask. We aimed to determine whether preoxygenation using NIV is effective in reducing the incidence of organ dysfunction in hypoxaemic, critically ill patients in intensive care. METHODS: A multicentre, randomised, open-label trial evaluating 100% FiO2 administered with NIV (99 patients) vs with face mask (102 patients) for 3 min before tracheal intubation...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353904/differences-in-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-in-early-vs-late-endotracheal-intubation-among-patients-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#20
Battu Kumar Shrestha, Apurb Sharma, Parbesh Kumar Gyawali
BACKGROUND: Common airway management strategies during cardiopulmonary resuscitation are bag- mask-valve ventilation followed by endotracheal intubation. Timing of endotracheal intubation is controversial. This study was designed to compare the effect of early vs late endotracheal intubation in terms of return of spontaneous circulation. METHODS: This is an observational retrospective study done at tertiary center for the period of two years. The study population was inpatient, adult and pediatric with witnessed cardiac arrest in whom airway management was initially done with bag-valve-mask ventilation followed by endotracheal intubation...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
keyword
keyword
64279
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"