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Severe acute malnutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315432/the-unbearable-lightness-of-being-malnourished-severe-acute-malnutrition-remains-a-neglected-tropical-disease
#1
Indi Trehan, Quique Bassat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302551/prevalence-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-and-associated-sociodemographic-factors-among-children-aged-6-months-5-years-in-rural-population-of-northern-india-a-population-based-survey
#2
Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Umesh Kapil, Rahul Bansal, R M Pandey, Bhawana Pant, Amit Mohan
Introduction: National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3 documented that nearly 57 million children are undernourished in India, which is one-third of the world's share. We planned a study to identify the prevalence of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) among children aged <5 years in a rural population of Northern India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at 2 blocks of District Meerut during 2012-2014. A total of 70 villages were identified and all children in the age group 6-60 months were approached through house-to-house visits...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302321/developmental-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-malawi-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Meta van den Heuvel, Wieger Voskuijl, Kate Chidzalo, Marko Kerac, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Robert Bandsma, Melissa Gladstone
Background: Early childhood development provides an important foundation for the development of human capital. Although there is a clear relation between stunting and child development outcomes, less information is available about the developmental and behavioural outcomes of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Particularly an important research gap exists in Sub-Saharan Africa where there is a high prevalence of SAM and a high rate of co-occurring HIV (human immune deficiency virus) infection...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301183/north-korean-children-nutrition-and-growth
#4
REVIEW
Soo-Kyung Lee
North Korea suffered from severe famine in the mid-1990s; this impacted many areas, including people's transnational movement, child growth, and mortality. This review carefully examined nutritional status trends of children in North Korea using published reports from national nutrition assessment surveys. Nutritional adaptation of North Korean child refugees living in South Korea was also studied with their growth and food consumption, using published researches. The nutritional status of children in North Korea has recovered to a "low" level acute malnutrition status and a "medium" level chronic malnutrition status...
December 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300422/occlusal-support-dysphagia-malnutrition-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-aged-individuals-needing-long-term-care-a-path-analysis
#5
H Wakabayashi, M Matsushima, H Ichikawa, S Murayama, S Yoshida, M Kaneko, R Mutai
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the interrelationships among occlusal support, dysphagia, malnutrition, and activities of daily living in aged individuals needing long-term care. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study and path analysis. SETTING: Long-term health care facilities, acute care hospitals, and the community. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and fifty-four individuals aged ≥ 65 years with dysphagia or potential dysphagia in need of long-term care...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289386/mortality-risk-factors-in-elderly-patients-in-intensive-care-without-limitation-of-therapeutic-effort
#6
S E Giannasi, M S Venuti, A D Midley, N Roux, C Kecskes, E San Román
OUTCOME: To determine mortality prognostic factors in elderly patients who are admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) due to acute critical illness. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was carried out. SETTING: A polyvalent Intensive Care Unit at a University Hospital in Argentina. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: We included 249 patients over 65years of age who were consecutively admitted to the ICU and required mechanical ventilation for more than 48hours, between January 2011 and December 2012...
December 27, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277090/-vomiting
#7
REVIEW
Ga Hee Kim, Kee Wook Jung
Many disorders can cause either acute or chronic vomiting. However, in most cases, vomiting is self-limited. A correct diagnosis is possible by conducting careful histories and physical examinations. In cases of severe vomiting, further testing, including laboratory studies, radiological images, endoscopic evaluation, and gastrointestinal motility tests, can also be considered. The correction of clinical consequences of vomiting should be initiated, including dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, malnutrition, and suppression of symptoms via the use empirical antiemetic treatments...
December 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258336/ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-made-from-locally-available-food-ingredients-is-well-accepted-by-children-having-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-bangladesh
#8
Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed, Md Iqbal Hossain, M Munirul Islam, Shafiqul A Sarker, Mamane Zeilani, John David Clemens
BACKGROUND: With a prevalence of 3.1%, approximately, 450 000 children in Bangladesh are having severe acute malnutrition (SAM). There is currently no national community-based program run by government to take care of these children, one of the reasons being lack of access to ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF). OBJECTIVE: To develop RUTF using locally available food ingredients and test its acceptability. METHODS: A checklist was prepared for all food ingredients available and commonly consumed in Bangladesh that have the potential of being used for developing a RUTF...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242414/outcomes-of-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-a-tribal-day-care-setting
#9
Vandana Prasad, Dipa Sinha, Priyanka Chatterjee, Rajkumar Gope
OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional outcomes of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in a village-level intervention. METHODS: This observational longitudinal study on 179 children aged <3 years was conducted in seven tribal blocks of Central and Eastern India with SAM managed in a comprehensive day care program. RESULTS: 76% children with SAM showed improvement over a 4-6 months period with 37% shifting to normal anthrometric status...
December 14, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236339/physical-activity-level-among-children-recovering-from-severe-acute-malnutrition
#10
Esther Babirekere-Iriso, Maren Johanne Heilskov Rytter, Hanifa Namusoke, Ezekiel Mupere, Kim F Michaelsen, Søren Brage, Ken D Stark, Lotte Lauritzen, André Briend, Henrik Friis, Daniel Faurholt-Jepsen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level and predictors of physical activity at discharge among children recovering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study among 69 children 6 - 59 months of age admitted with SAM for nutritional rehabilitation at Mulago National Referral Hospital, Uganda. Using hip-mounted tri-axial accelerometers, we measured physical activity expressed as counts per minute (cpm) during the last three days of hospital treatment...
December 13, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227461/population-pharmacokinetics-of-lopinavir-in-severely-malnourished-hiv-infected-children-and-the-effect-on-treatment-outcomes
#11
Moherndran Archary, Helen Mcllleron, Raziya Bobat, Phillip La Russa, Thobekile Sibaya, Lubbe Wiesner, Stefanie Hennig
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, malnutrition remains a common clinical syndrome at antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation. Physiological changes due to malnutrition and during nutritional recovery could affect the pharmacokinetics of antiretroviral drugs. METHODS: HIV-infected children admitted with severe acute malnutrition were randomised to early or delayed initiation of lopinavir/ritonavir, abacavir and lamivudine using WHO weight-band dosage charts...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203464/undernutrition-and-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189196/iron-zinc-vitamin-a-and-selenium-status-in-a-cohort-of-indonesian-infants-after-adjusting-for-inflammation-using-several-different-approaches
#13
Aly Diana, Jillian J Haszard, Dwi M Purnamasari, Ikrimah Nurulazmi, Dimas E Luftimas, Sofa Rahmania, Gaga I Nugraha, Juergen Erhardt, Rosalind S Gibson, Lisa Houghton
Inflammation confounds the interpretation of several micronutrient biomarkers resulting in estimates that may not reflect the true burden of deficiency. We aimed to assess and compare the micronutrient status of a cohort of Indonesian infants (n 230) at aged 6, 9 and 12 months by ignoring inflammation (unadjusted) and adjusting four micronutrient biomarkers for inflammation with C-reactive protein (CRP) and α-1-glycoprotein (AGP) using the following methods: (1) arithmetic correction factors with the use of a four-stage inflammation model; and (2) regression modelling...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188130/first-wave-of-the-2016-17-cholera-outbreak-in-hodeidah-city-yemen-acf-experience-and-lessons-learned
#14
Mathias Altmann, Miguel Suarez-Bustamante, Celine Soulier, Celine Lesavre, Caroline Antoine
Introduction: Although cases were reported only in 2010 and 2011, cholera is probably endemic in Yemen. In the context of a civil war, a cholera outbreak was declared in different parts of the country October 6th, 2016. This paper describes the ACF outbreak response in Hodeidah city from October 28th, 2016 to February 28th, 2017 in order to add knowledge to this large outbreak. Methods: The ACF outbreak response in Hodeidah city included a case management component and prevention measures in the community...
October 13, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179758/developmental-performance-of-hospitalized-severely-acutely-malnourished-under-six-children-in-low-income-setting
#15
Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Retrospective studies show that severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects child development. However, to what extent SAM affects children of different ages at its acute stage is not well documented. This study was aimed at comparing the developmental performance of severely acutely malnourished children under six with that of age and gender-matched non-malnourished healthy children. METHODS: The developmental performances of 310 children with SAM (male = 155, female = 155); mean age = 30...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178404/the-impact-of-rickets-on-growth-and-morbidity-during-recovery-among-children-with-complicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-kenya-a-cohort-study
#16
Moses M Ngari, Johnstone Thitiri, Laura Mwalekwa, Molline Timbwa, Per Ole Iversen, Greg W Fegan, James A Berkley
The effects of rickets on children recovery from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are unknown. Rickets may affect both growth and susceptibility to infectious diseases. We investigated the associations of clinically diagnosed rickets with life-threatening events and anthropometric recovery during 1 year following inpatient treatment for complicated SAM. This was a secondary analysis of clinical trial data among non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected Kenyan children with complicated SAM (2-59 months) followed for 1 year posthospital discharge (ClinicalTrials...
November 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175577/aflatoxin-exposure-in-nigerian-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition
#17
Amy McMillan, Justin B Renaud, Kevin M N Burgess, Adebola E Orimadegun, Olusegun O Akinyinka, Stephen J Allen, J David Miller, Gregor Reid, Mark W Sumarah
Aflatoxin exposure is an important public health concern in sub-Saharan Africa as well as parts of Latin America and Asia. In addition to hepatocellular carcinoma, chronic aflatoxin exposure is believed to play a role in childhood growth impairment. The most reliable biomarker of chronic aflatoxin exposure is the aflatoxin-albumin adduct, as measured by ELISA or isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS). In this report, we have used high resolution LC-MS/MS with IDMS to quantitate AFB1-lysine in an extremely vulnerable population of Nigerian children suffering from severe acute malnutrition...
November 23, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167191/nutritional-status-plays-a-crucial-role-in-the-mortality-of-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-renal-failure
#18
Haiyan Zhang, Xiaodong Zhang, Lei Dong
We aimed to clarify associations between nutritional status and mortality in patients with acute renal failure. De-identified data were obtained from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III database comprising more than 40,000 critical care patients treated at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centerbetween 2001 and 2012. Weight loss and body mass index criteria were used to define malnutrition. Data of 193 critically ill patients with acute renal failure were analyzed, including demographics, nutrition intervention, laboratory results, and disease severity...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152260/improving-estimates-of-the-burden-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-and-predictions-of-caseload-for-programs-treating-severe-acute-malnutrition-experiences-from-nigeria
#19
Assaye Bulti, André Briend, Nancy M Dale, Arjan De Wagt, Faraja Chiwile, Stanley Chitekwe, Chris Isokpunwu, Mark Myatt
Background: The burden of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is estimated using unadjusted prevalence estimates. SAM is an acute condition and many children with SAM will either recover or die within a few weeks. Estimating SAM burden using unadjusted prevalence estimates results in significant underestimation. This has a negative impact on allocation of resources for the prevention and treatment of SAM. A simple method for adjusting prevalence estimates intended to improve the accuracy of burden estimates and caseload predictions has been proposed...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149905/the-kusamala-program-for-primary-caregivers-of-children-6-59-months-of-age-hospitalized-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-malawi-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Allison I Daniel, Meta van den Heuvel, Wieger P Voskuijl, Melissa Gladstone, Mike Bwanali, Isabel Potani, Celine Bourdon, Jenala Njirammadzi, Robert H J Bandsma
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is associated with high mortality rates and impairments in growth and development in children that do survive. There are complex nutritional, health, and behavioural risk factors involving severely malnourished children and their primary caregivers, requiring integrated intervention approaches. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial at the Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital in Blantyre, Malawi will be conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a 4-day hospital-based intervention programme directed at primary caregivers...
November 17, 2017: Trials
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