keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Severe acute malnutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707849/malnutrition-after-bariatric-surgery
#1
Nicolas Taton, Anne-Laure Borel, Marine Chobert Bakouline, Jérôme Fauconnier, Catherine Arvieux, Fabian Reche
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a rare but severe complication following obesity surgery. Our objective was to analyze these cases of malnutrition and their management at the Grenoble University Hospital. METHODS: Retrospective data between 2006 to 2016 was analyzed from Department of Medical Information, Severe Obesity Outcome Network, and register of the Department of Artificial Nutrition. Data collected concerned age, sex, anthropometric data, surgical procedures and history of obesity surgery, initial surgical follow-up, delay from surgery, nutritional characteristics, nutritional and surgical management, follow up and outcomes...
July 12, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705254/correlates-of-whole-blood-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-among-young-children-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition
#2
C W Yaméogo, B Cichon, C Fabiansen, M J H Rytter, D Faurholt-Jepsen, K D Stark, A Briend, S Shepherd, A S Traoré, V B Christensen, K F Michaelsen, H Friis, L Lauritzen
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has been associated with low polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status. However, investigations regarding PUFA status and correlates in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) from low-income countries are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe whole-blood PUFA levels in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and to identify correlates of PUFAs. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using baseline data from a prospective nutritional intervention trial among 1609 children with MAM aged 6-23 months in Burkina Faso,West Africa...
July 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699610/survival-and-recovery-in-severely-wasted-under-five-children-without-community-management-of-acute-malnutrition-programme
#3
Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Sikha Sinha, Neha Sareen, R M Pandey, Umesh Kapil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recovery and survival of severely wasted children without community management of acute malnutrition programme. DESIGN: Single time point follow-up (24th December 2013 - 2nd April, 2014) of severely wasted children identified in a community-based cross-sectional survey (September 2012 - October 2013). SETTING: Rural Meerut District, Uttar Pradesh, India. PARTICIPANTS: 409 severely wasted (WHO weight-for-height <-3Z), 6- to 59-month-old children...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678315/clinical-tools-to-assess-nutritional-risk-and-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-children-and-adolescents
#4
E Rinninella, A Ruggiero, P Maurizi, S Triarico, M Cintoni, M C Mele
Malnutrition in children and adolescents may be underestimated during hospital stay. In western countries, children were often hospitalized for acute or chronic diseases that are not necessarily related to malnutrition. However, acute or chronic injuries may hamper nutritional status, prolonging recovery after admission and consequently length of hospital stay. Several methods and techniques are known to investigate malnutrition in children, even if their use is not widespread in clinical practice. Many of these are simple and easy to perform and could be useful to a better management of every kind of illness...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670966/malnutrition-in-hiv-infected-children-is-an-indicator-of-severe-disease-with-an-impaired-response-to-antiretroviral-therapy
#5
Maximilian Muenchhoff, Michael Healy, Ravesh Singh, Julia Roider, Andreas Groll, Chirjeev Kindra, Thobekile Sibaya, Angeline Moonsamy, Callum McGregor, Michelle Q Phan, Alejandro Palma, Henrik Kloverpris, Alasdair Leslie, Raziya Bobat, Philip S LaRussa, Thumbi Ndung'u, Philip Jr Goulder, Magdalena E Sobieszczyk, Mohendran Archary
Objectives This observational study aimed to describe immunopathogenesis and treatment outcomes in children with and without severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and HIV-infection. Design We studied markers of microbial translocation (16sDNA), intestinal damage (iFABP), monocyte activation (sCD14), T-cell activation (CD38, HLA-DR) and immune exhaustion (PD1) in 32 HIV-infected children with and 41 HIV-infected children without SAM prior to initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and cross-sectionally compared these children to 15 HIV-uninfected children with and 19 HIV-uninfected children without SAM...
July 2, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667722/randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-probiotics-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-pediatric-gastroenterologist-s-viewpoint
#6
Rohan Malik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667721/randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-probiotics-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-pediatrician-s-viewpoint
#7
Praveen Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667720/randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-probiotics-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-evidence-based-medicine-viewpoint
#8
J L Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647292/risk-factors-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-malnourished-older-hospitalized-patients
#9
Maryam Pourhassan, Ingeborg Cuvelier, Ilse Gehrke, Christian Marburger, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Dorothee Volkert, Hans-Peter Willschrei, Rainer Wirth
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the high prevalence of malnutrition among older hospitalized persons, it is unknown how many of these malnourished patients are at risk of developing the refeeding syndrome (RFS). In this study, we sought to compare the prevalence and severity of malnutrition among older hospitalized patients with prevalence of known risk factors of RFS. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter-study investigated older participants who were consecutively admitted to the geriatric acute care ward...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638835/quality-improvement-interventions-for-nutritional-assessment-among-pregnant-mothers-in-northeastern-uganda
#10
Jonathan Izudi, Calvin Epidu, Andrew Katawera, Adeodata Kekitiinwa
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of pregnant mothers for nutritional status is a neglected intervention. In Kaabong Hospital, nutritional status of pregnant mothers was not assessed during antenatal care (ANC) visits. A quality improvement (QI) project was initiated to increase nutritional assessment using midupper arm circumference (MUAC) among pregnant mothers during ANC visits from 0 to 90% between April and September 2015. METHOD: Baylor-Uganda formed ANC Work Improvement Team (WIT) that reviewed ANC register, identified gaps in quality of care, analyzed root causes using cause-effect diagram, developed solutions, and tested and implemented the solution using Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619405/treating-childhood-malnutrition-in-rural-haiti-program-outcomes-and-obstacles
#11
C Nicholas Cuneo, Emily Dansereau, Anand R Habib, Mary Davies, Samuel Ware, Kenneth Kornetsky
BACKGROUND: Haiti has the worst malnutrition rate in the Western hemisphere. In October 2010, a cholera epidemic erupted and spread rapidly throughout the country, straining Haiti's already fragile health infrastructure across all levels of care. This study reviews data from an outpatient therapeutic feeding program (OTP) for acute childhood malnutrition at a clinic in rural Haiti with a focus on the effect of the 2010 cholera epidemic on program operations. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for the complete set of patients who were enrolled in the OTP from its inception in March 2009 through January 2014...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606173/tuberculosis-caseload-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-related-with-high-hospital-based-mortality-in-lusaka-zambia
#12
Tendai Munthali, Chishala Chabala, Elson Chama, Raider Mugode, Nathan Kapata, Patrick Musonda, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children pose a major treatment and care challenge in high HIV burden countries in Africa. We investigated the prevalence of Tuberculosis notifications among hospitalised under-five children with severe acute malnutrition. A retrospective review of medical records for all children aged 0-59 months admitted to the University Teaching Hospital from 2009 to 2013 was performed. Descriptive statistics were employed to estimate TB caseload...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602070/a-prognostic-evaluation-and-management-of-alcoholic-hepatitis
#13
Ramesh Rana, Sheng-Lan Wang, Jing Li, Lu Xia, Mei-Yi Song, Chang-Qing Yang
Alcoholic hepatitis is an acute and severe form of alcoholic liver disease associated with high morbidity and mortality of 30-50% worldwide, severity ranging from asymptomatic derangement of liver biochemistries to fulminant liver failure or death. Rapidly progressing jaundice and coagulopathy in prolonged excessive alcohol abusers with or without fever, malnutrition, and tender liver are the clinical hallmarks. The prognostic models (MELD, MDF, ABIC, GAHS, Lille's score) not only predict the short term mortality, but also guide the clinicians to choose appropriate specific therapy (corticosteroid or pentoxifylline) and as a stopping rule if there is no significant benefits of it...
June 9, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598454/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-a-rural-residential-sanskrit-school-in-baglung-nepal
#14
B Amatya, N Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Under-nutrition is a condition in which there is inadequate consumption, poor absorption or excessive loss of nutrients. Nepal still faces high chronic as well as acute under-nutrition in children. The following study was conducted a Sanskrit school in rural Baglung to find the prevalence of malnutrition among the children which could reflect the nutritional status of the community. METHODS: Out of 60 students admitted to the school, only 43 were present at the time when we collected our data...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592288/stool-frequency-recording-in-severe-acute-malnutrition-stoolsam-an-agreement-study-comparing-maternal-recall-versus-direct-observation-using-diapers
#15
Wieger Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Robert Bandsma, Anne Baan, Sarah White, Celine Bourdon, Marko Kerac
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of the deaths of children under the age of 5 can be attributed to undernutrition, which also encompasses severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Diarrhoea is strongly associated with these deaths and is commonly diagnosed solely based on stool frequency and consistency obtained through maternal recall. This trial aims to determine whether this approach is equivalent to a 'directly observed method' in which a health care worker directly observed stool frequency using diapers in hospitalised children with complicated SAM...
June 7, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591166/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-on-reducing-anaemia-and-stunting-in-refugee-populations-in-the-horn-of-africa-secondary-data-analysis
#16
Sarah Style, Melody Tondeur, Carlos Grijalva-Eternod, Josephine Pringle, Ismail Kassim, Caroline Wilkinson, Allison Oman, Carmel Dolan, Paul Spiegel, Andrew Seal
Stunting and micronutrient malnutrition are persistent public health problems in refugee populations. UNHCR and its partner organisations implement blanket supplementary feeding programmes using a range of special nutritional products as one approach to address these issues. The evidence base for the efficacy and effectiveness of a small quantity lipid-based nutrient supplement, Nutributter®, in reducing stunting and anaemia is limited. Secondary data analysis was used to assess the effectiveness of Nutributter® distribution on anaemia and stunting in children aged 6-23 months (programme target group) and 6-59 months (the standard age group sampled in routine nutrition surveys)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588982/efficacy-of-three-feeding-regimens-for-home-based-management-of-children-with-uncomplicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-randomised-trial-in-india
#17
Nita Bhandari, Sanjana Brahmawar Mohan, Anuradha Bose, Sharad D Iyengar, Sunita Taneja, Sarmila Mazumder, Ruby Angeline Pricilla, Kirti Iyengar, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Virendra Suhalka, Sachiyo Yoshida, Jose Martines, Rajiv Bahl
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF), centrally produced RUTF (RUTF-C) or locally prepared RUTF (RUTF-L) for home-based management of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) compared with micronutrient-enriched (augmented) energy-dense home-prepared foods (A-HPF, the comparison group). METHODS: In an individually randomised multicentre trial, we enrolled 906 children aged 6-59 months with uncomplicated SAM. The children enrolled were randomised to receive RUTF-C, RUTF-L or A-HPF...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588566/gut-bacteria-missing-in-severe-acute-malnutrition-can-we-identify-potential-probiotics-by-culturomics
#18
Maryam Tidjani Alou, Matthieu Million, Sory I Traore, Donia Mouelhi, Saber Khelaifia, Dipankar Bachar, Aurelia Caputo, Jeremy Delerce, Souleymane Brah, Daouda Alhousseini, Cheikh Sokhna, Catherine Robert, Bouli A Diallo, Aldiouma Diallo, Philippe Parola, Michael Golden, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Didier Raoult
Severe acute malnutrition is the world-leading cause of children under-five's death. Recent metagenomics studies have established a link between gut microbiota and severe acute malnutrition, describing an immaturity with a striking depletion in oxygen-sensitive prokaryotes. Amoxicillin and therapeutic diet cure most of the children with severe acute malnutrition but an irreversible disruption of the gut microbiota is suspected in the refractory and most severe cases. In these cases, therapeutic diet may be unable to reverse the microbiota alteration leading to persistent impaired development or death...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579716/clinically-confirmed-congenital-rubella-syndrome-the-role-of-echocardiography
#19
Demeke Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) affects thousands of children in the developing world because rubella vaccination is not routinely available in most of these countries. Among its many manifestations, congenital heart disease is life threatening. CASE DETAILS: A 9-month-old infant presented with whitish lesions over her left eye. She was evaluated with echocardiography that revealed peripheral pulmonary stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus. She had severe acute malnutrition and clinically confirmed congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)...
March 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567278/psychosocial-stimulation-interventions-for-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-systematic-review
#20
Allison I Daniel, Robert H Bandsma, Lyubov Lytvyn, Wieger P Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Meta van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: The WHO Guidelines for the inpatient treatment of severely malnourished children include a recommendation to provide sensory stimulation or play therapy for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This systematic review was performed to synthesize evidence around this recommendation. Specifically, the objective was to answer the question: "In children with severe acute malnutrition, does psychosocial stimulation improve child developmental, nutritional, or other outcomes?" METHODS: A review protocol was registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO 2016: CRD42016036403)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
keyword
keyword
6427
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"