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Severe acute malnutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192452/increased-risk-of-dementia-in-patients-hospitalized-with-acute-kidney-injury-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Hsin-Hsi Tsai, Ruoh-Fang Yen, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
PURPOSE: To determine whether acute kidney injury (AKI) is a risk factor for dementia. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study was based on data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for 2000-2011. The incidence and relative risk of dementia were assessed in 207788 patients hospitalized for AKI. The comparison control was selected using the propensity score based on age, sex, index year and comorbidities. RESULTS: During the 12-year follow-up, patients with AKI had a significantly higher incidence for developing dementia than did the controls (8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185414/severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-aged-under-5%C3%A2-years-can-be-successfully-managed-in-a-non-emergency-routine-community-healthcare-setting-in-ghana
#2
Robert Akparibo, Janet Harris, Lindsay Blank, Mike J Campbell, Michelle Holdsworth
This study investigated the performance of community-based management of severe acute malnutrition (CMAM) within routine healthcare services in Ghana. This was a retrospective cohort study of n = 488 children (6-59 months) who had received CMAM. Data for recovery, default, and mortality rates were obtained from enrolment cards in 56 outpatient centres in Upper East region, Ghana. Satisfactory rates of recovery of 71.8% were reported. Children who were enrolled with higher mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) ≥11...
February 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176953/survival-status-and-predictors-of-mortality-among-severely-acute-malnourished-children-5-years-of-age-admitted-to-stabilization-centers-in-gedeo-zone-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Tadele Girum, Mesfin Kote, Befikadu Tariku, Henok Bekele
Despite the existence of standard protocol, many stabilization centers (SCs) continue to experience high mortality of children receiving treatment for severe acute malnutrition. Assessing treatment outcomes and identifying predictors may help to overcome this problem. Therefore, a 30-month retrospective cohort study was conducted among 545 randomly selected medical records of children <5 years of age admitted to SCs in Gedeo Zone. Data was entered by Epi Info version 7 and analyzed by STATA version 11. Cox proportional hazards model was built by forward stepwise procedure and compared by the likelihood ratio test and Harrell's concordance, and fitness was checked by Cox-Snell residual plot...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176232/celiac-disease-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-sam-a-hospital-based-study
#4
Neetu Beniwal, Gaurav Ameta, Chandra Kumar Chahar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and clinical features of Celiac disease among children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in PBM Children Hospital, Bikaner from July 2012 through December 2013. All consecutively admitted children with SAM were recruited. All subjects were screened for Celiac disease by serological test for IgA-anti tissue Transglutaminase (IgA tTG) antibodies. All seropositive children underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for small bowel biopsy for the confirmation...
February 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166247/recovery-rate-and-associated-factors-of-children-age-6-to-59-months-admitted-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-at-inpatient-unit-of-bahir-dar-felege-hiwot-referral-hospital-therapeutic-feeding-unite-northwest-ethiopia
#5
Hanna Demelash Desyibelew, Abel Fekadu, Haile Woldie
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous advances made in improving child health and the clinical management protocols for treating severe acute malnutrition at treatment centers, evidences concerning the treatment outcomes are scarce. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the recovery rate and associated factors of severely acute malnourished children of age 6 to 59 months admitted to inpatient therapeutic feeding unit at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based cross-sectional study including 401 severely malnourished children who were admitted from September 2012 to January 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164028/the-clinical-spectrum-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-in-cameroon-a-hospital-based-study-in-yaounde-cameroon
#6
Andreas Chiabi, Berthe Malangue, Seraphin Nguefack, Félicitée Nguefack Dongmo, Florence Fru, Virginie Takou, Fru Angwafo
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major health problem, and the cause of more than half of childhood deaths in children less than 5 years in developing countries. Globally, 20 million children under 5 years of age are severely malnourished according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In Cameroon, the prevalence of SAM remains high and estimated at 1.9% in 2011 and 1.3% in 2014. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology, clinical aspects and outcome of SAM at the Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital (YGOPH)...
January 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150353/nitrogen-balance-in-patients-with-hemiparetic-stroke-during-the-subacute-rehabilitation-phase
#7
A Wada, M Kawakami, T Otsuka, H Aoki, A Anzai, Y Yamada, F Liu, E Otaka, K Akaboshi, M Liu
BACKGROUND: In highly invasive diseases, metabolism commonly changes. Hypercatabolism is frequent in acute stroke, and nitrogen balance tends to be negative. However, there has been no study describing nitrogen balance in subacute and chronic stroke patients. The present study aimed to examine nitrogen balance in the subacute and chronic phases and to identify the factors related to it. METHODS: Nitrogen balance was calculated from the collected urine of 56 patients with subacute stroke [mean (SD) 53...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141676/nutritional-assessment-and-status-of-hospitalized-infants
#8
Misa Matsuyama, Kristie Bell, Melinda White, Karen Lawson, Michael David, Annabel Doolan, Alwyn Todd
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition during infancy has long-term adverse consequences for both physical and psychological development. Early detection of malnutrition among hospitalized infants is essential to provide optimal nutrition support. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate the nutritional status of hospitalized infants using 2 methods: the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment (SGNA) and anthropometric measurement. We also investigated diagnostic category associated with nutritional status, the mean anthropometric z scores, and explored the association between malnutrition and nutrition focused variables...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125907/acceptability-and-efficacy-of-locally-produced-ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-nutreal-in-the-management-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-comparison-with-defined-food
#9
Babu Ram Thapa, Pooja Goyal, Jagadeesh Menon, Ajay Sharma
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a salient health problem in India. Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) Research and Analysis Centre, New Delhi, prepared nutreal equivalent to ready-to-use therapeutic food by World Health Organization (WHO) for the management of SAM and defined food like homemade diet. OBJECTIVE: To compare acceptability and efficacy of nutreal over defined food for the management of SAM. METHODS: One hundred twelve children aged less than 5 years with SAM were enrolled as per the standard of WHO...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115034/using-cross-sectional-surveys-to-estimate-the-number-of-severely-malnourished-children-needing-to-be-enrolled-in-specific-treatment-programmes
#10
Nancy M Dale, Mark Myatt, Claudine Prudhon, André Briend
OBJECTIVE: When planning severe acute malnutrition (SAM) treatment services, estimates of the number of children requiring treatment are needed. Prevalence surveys, used with population estimates, can directly estimate the number of prevalent cases but not the number of subsequent incident cases. Health managers often use a prevalence-to-incidence conversion factor (J) derived from two African cohort studies to estimate incidence and add the expected number of incident cases to prevalent cases to estimate expected SAM caseload for a given period...
January 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110145/virusseeker-a-computational-pipeline-for-virus-discovery-and-virome-composition-analysis
#11
Guoyan Zhao, Guang Wu, Efrem S Lim, Lindsay Droit, Siddharth Krishnamurthy, Dan H Barouch, Herbert W Virgin, David Wang
The advent of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) has vastly increased our ability to discover novel viruses and to systematically define the spectrum of viruses present in a given specimen. Such studies have led to the discovery of novel viral pathogens as well as broader associations of the virome with diverse diseases including inflammatory bowel disease, severe acute malnutrition and HIV/AIDS. Critical to the success of these efforts are robust bioinformatic pipelines for rapid classification of microbial sequences...
January 18, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079729/effect-of-probiotics-on-diarrhea-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-uganda
#12
Benedikte Grenov, Hanifa Namusoke, Betty Lanyero, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Christian Ritz, Christian Mølgaard, Henrik Friis, Kim F Michaelsen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of probiotics on diarrhea during in- and outpatient treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted involving 400 children admitted with SAM. Patients received one daily dose of a blend of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (BB-12) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LGG) (10 billion colony-forming units, 50:50) or placebo during hospitalization followed by an 8-12 week outpatient treatment period, depending on patients' recovery rate...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053703/rubeoparvulum-massiliense-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-genus-isolated-from-the-human-gut-of-a-senegalese-infant-with-severe-acute-malnutrition
#13
M Tidjani Alou, J Rathored, J-C Lagier, S Khelaifia, C Michelle, C Sokhna, A Diallo, A B Diallo, P-E Fournier, D Raoult, S Edouard
Rubeoparvulum massiliense strain mt6(T) was isolated from the gut microbiota of a severely malnourished boy from Senegal and consisted of facultative anaerobic, spore-forming, nonmotile and Gram-negative rods. R. massiliense showed a 92% similarity with the 16S rRNA of Bacillus mannanilyticus. The genome of strain mt6(T) is 2 843 796 bp long with a 43.75% G+C content. It contains 2735 protein-coding genes and 76 RNA genes, among which are nine rRNA genes.
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052519/efficacy-of-world-health-organization-guideline-in-facility-based-reduction-of-mortality-in-severely-malnourished-children-from-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Muttaquina Hossain, Mohammod J Chisti, Mohammod Iqbal Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Mohammad Munirul Islam, Tahmeed Ahmed
AIM: Globally more than 19 million under-five children suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Data on efficacy of World Health Organization's (WHO's) guideline in reducing SAM mortality are limited. We aimed to assess the efficacy of WHO's facility-based guideline for the reduction of under-five SAM children mortality from low and middle income countries (LMICs). METHODS: A systematic search of literature published in 1980-2015 was conducted using electronic databases...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038805/nutritional-status-is-related-to-heart-failure-severity-and-hospital-readmissions-in-acute-heart-failure
#15
Rosa María Agra Bermejo, Rocío González Ferreiro, Alfonso Varela Román, Inés Gómez Otero, Omar Kreidieh, Patricia Conde Sabarís, Moisés Rodríguez-Mañero, María Moure González, Ana Seoane Blanco, Alejandro Virgós Lamela, Alberto García Castelo, Jose Ramón González Juanatey
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in hospitalized heart failure (HF) patients and predicts adverse outcomes. The relationship between nutritional status and outcomes in HF has been partially studied. Our aim was to determine the relationship between the nutritional status and the long-term prognosis in patients hospitalized for acute HF. METHODS: We analyzed 145 patients admitted consecutively to a cardiology department for acute HF. Nutritional status was measured with the CONUT method, a validated scale based on laboratory testing (albumin; cholesterol; lymphocytes) during hospitalization...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031190/risk-factors-for-death-in-children-during-inpatient-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Maren Jh Rytter, Esther Babirekere-Iriso, Hanifa Namusoke, Vibeke B Christensen, Kim F Michaelsen, Christian Ritz, Charlotte G Mortensen, Ezekiel Mupere, Henrik Friis
BACKGROUND: Children who receive in-hospital treatment of severe acute malnutrition often have high mortality rates, and the reasons are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We assessed risk factors for death in children who were treated for malnutrition in a hospital. DESIGN: In a prospective observational study of 120 children who were receiving in-hospital treatment of severe acute malnutrition in Uganda with therapeutic formulas F-75 and F-100, we collected data on symptoms, clinical findings, plasma markers of refeeding syndrome (electrolytes and phosphate), and acute phase reactants, and recorded the nutritional therapy given in hospital...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026862/evaluation-of-the-accuracy-of-common-weight-estimation-formulae-in-a-zambian-paediatric-surgical-population
#17
L Bowen, M Zyambo, D Snell, J Kinnear, M D Bould
Limited resources and access to healthcare in sub-Saharan Africa are associated with high rates of malnourished children, although many countries globally are demonstrating increasing childhood obesity. This study evaluated how well current age- or height-based formulae estimate the weight of children undergoing surgery in Zambia. All children under 14 years of age presenting for elective surgery at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, had both height and weight measured. Their actual weight was compared against estimated weight from various formulae...
December 27, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026720/knowledge-and-practices-of-village-health-team-members-in-early-detection-and-care-for-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-at-the-community-level-a-case-study-in-rural-uganda
#18
Elizabeth Kemigisha, Daniel Atwine, Patrick Orikiriza, Naome Natukunda, Noni E MacDonald
No abstract available.
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996088/oral-zinc-for-treating-diarrhoea-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Marzia Lazzerini, Humphrey Wanzira
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, diarrhoea causes around 500,000 child deaths annually. Zinc supplementation during acute diarrhoea is currently recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate oral zinc supplementation for treating children with acute or persistent diarrhoea. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register, CENTRAL (the Cochrane Library 2016, Issue 5), MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, CINAHL, mRCT, and reference lists up to 30 September 2016...
20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941722/serum-zinc-copper-magnesium-phosphorus-level-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-sam
#20
B Chowdhury, M A Hoque, M A Hossain, A M Chowdhury, M N Islam, M A Khaleque, M A Ali, M R Khan, R K Bhuiyan, M M Hasan, M Akhtaruzzaman, H Akhter
Malnutrition is widely prevalent among hospitalized children in most developing countries including Bangladesh. Though malnutrition accounts for the high rate of under 5 mortality sometimes it is overlooked. Keeping in this in mind A comparative cross sectional study was done in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital from 1st October 2009 to 31st May 2011. Children aged 1-5 years with presence of one or more criteria WHM <70%, WHZ-score <-3SD, Bipedal edema & Mid upper arm circumference <110mm were taken as study group and children aged 1-5 years with normal growth allowable normal range of variation is between 3rd and 97th centile curve or median (50th centile) ±2SD of weight for age growth chart (CDC growth chart, USA, 2000) were taken as reference group...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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