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Rhaponticum carthamoides

Ewa Skała, Tomasz Kowalczyk, Monika Toma, Janusz Szemraj, Maciej Radek, Dariusz Pytel, Joanna Wieczfinska, Halina Wysokińska, Tomasz Śliwiński, Przemysław Sitarek
The present study is the first investigation of the inhibitory effect of Rhaponticum carthamoides transformed roots (TR) extract on the proliferation of grade II and III human glioma cells. TR extract showed the cytotoxic effect and inhibited the colony formation of both glioma cell lines in dose-dependent manner. The root extract induced apoptosis by increasing of the reactive oxygen species (about threefold compared to the control cells) leading to a disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential. Additionally, the mRNA levels of the apoptotic factors such as Bax, Tp53, caspase-3, and caspase-9 were observed to increase...
December 14, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Jiming Wu, Le Gao, Lei Shang, Guihua Wang, Nana Wei, Tiantian Chu, Suping Chen, Yujun Zhang, Jian Huang, Jinhui Wang, Ruichao Lin
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity is a key pathological mechanism in many neurological disease states. Ecdysterones derived from Rhaponticum carthamoides (Willd.) Iljin (RCI) have been shown to alleviate glutamate-induced neuronal damage; although their mechanism of action is unclear, some data suggest that they enhance signaling in the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. This study sought to elucidate the mechanisms underlying ecdysterone-mediated neuroprotection. We used in silico target prediction and simulation methods to identify putative ecdysterone binding targets, and to specifically identify those that represent nodes where several neurodegenerative diseases converge...
June 2017: Fitoterapia
Ewa Skała, Przemysław Sitarek, Monika Toma, Janusz Szemraj, Maciej Radek, Malgorzata Nieborowska-Skorska, Tomasz Skorski, Halina Wysokińska, Tomasz Śliwiński
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the cytotoxic effect and apoptotic activity of Rhaponticum carthamoides transformed root (TR) and root of soil-grown plant (NR) extracts in a human glioma primary cells. The effect of these root extracts on cell cycle arrest, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and expression levels of apoptosis-related genes (Bcl-2, Bax and p53) were also examined. METHODS: Cytotoxic activity of root extracts was evaluated by MTT assay...
November 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
T N Zaripova, L V Zhilyakova, Z P Bulanova
UNLABELLED: The importance of the development of the new methods for the rehabilitation of the patients presenting with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease under conditions of the spa and health resort-based treatment arises from the high prevalence and the progressive character of this disease, poor quality of the patients' life, great economic losses due to the reduction of the working capacity of the patients, and the high cost of COPD treatment. AIM: The objective of the present study was to substantiate the advisability of inclusion of high-frequency intrapulmonary ventilation in the program of the therapeutic and rehabilitative treatment of the patients with COPD based at a spa and health resort facility...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Ewa Skała, Przemysław Sitarek, Marek Różalski, Urszula Krajewska, Janusz Szemraj, Halina Wysokińska, Tomasz Śliwiński
Rhaponticum carthamoides has a long tradition of use in Siberian folk medicine. The roots and rhizomes of this species are used in various dietary supplements or nutraceutical preparations to increase energy level or eliminate physical weakness. This is the first report to reveal the protective and DNA repair stimulating abilities of R. carthamoides root extracts in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells exposed to an oxidative agent. Both transformed root extract (TR extract) and extract of soil-grown plant roots (NR extract) may be responsible for stimulating CHO cells to repair oxidatively induced DNA damage, but CHO cells stimulated with extract from the transformed roots demonstrated significantly stronger properties than cells treated with the soil-grown plant root extract...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Ewa Skała, Agnieszka Kicel, Monika A Olszewska, Anna K Kiss, Halina Wysokińska
The aim of the study was to obtain transformed roots of Rhaponticum carthamoides and evaluate their phytochemical profile. Hairy roots were induced from leaf explants by the transformation of Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains A4 and ATCC 15834. The best response (43%) was achieved by infection with A4 strain. The effects of different liquid media (WPM, B5, SH) with full and half-strength concentrations of macro- and micronutrients on biomass accumulation of the best grown hairy root line (RC3) at two different lighting conditions (light or dark) were investigated...
2015: BioMed Research International
Michael Dushkin, Marina Khrapova, Gennadiy Kovshik, Marina Chasovskikh, Elena Menshchikova, Valeriy Trufakin, Anna Shurlygina, Evgeniy Vereschagin
BACKGROUND: Rhaponticum cathamoides (RC) is an endemic wild Siberian herb with marked medicinal properties that are still poorly understood. The aim of this study is to investigate the therapeutic potential of RC extract (ERC) compared to the effects of Glycyrrhiza glabra (EGG) and Punica granatum extracts (EPG) in a rat model with high-fat diet-(HFD)-induced signs of metabolic syndrome; therefore, this study addresses a significant global public health problem. METHODS: Six-month-old male Wistar Albino Glaxo rats were subjected to eight weeks of a standard diet (SD), HFD, or HFD in which ERC, EGG, or EPG powders were incorporated at 300 mg/kg/day...
2014: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
V S Baranova, I F Rusina, D A Guseva, N N Prozorovskaia, O M Ipatova, O T Kasaikina
Using the chemiluminescence method, the effective concentration of antioxidants (AO) and its reactivity toward peroxyl radicals (ARA, the k7 constant) have been measured for 13 plant extracts. In fact all extracts demonstrated ARA higher than ionol. Larix dahurica, Hypericum perforatum, Potentilla fruticosa, Aronia melanocarpa and Rhaponticum carthamoides extracts showed the highest values of ARA. The combinations Aronia + Raponticum extracts; Larix + Hibiscus extracts; Schizandra +Aronia extracts were synergistic (the synergism effect beta of 38%, 33% and 22%)...
November 2012: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
V N Syrov, N Kh Iuldasheva, F R Égamova, G I Ismailova, N D Abdullaev, Z A Khushbaktova
A series of phytoecodysteroids, including alpha-ecdysone, 2-deoxy-alpha-ecdysone, and 2-deoxyecdysterone isolated from Silene praemixta, integristerone A and ecdysterone isolated from Rhaponticum carthamoides and 22-acetylcyasterone and turkesterone isolated from Ajuga turkestanica, exhibit a pronounced hypoglycemic effect in experiments on intact male rats. The most active compounds--ecdysteron and turkesterone--also produce an expressed hypoglycemic effect in animals with model hyperglycemia induced by the administration of glucose, adrenalin and alloxan...
2012: Eksperimental'naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia
Edyta Biskup, Marek Gołębiowski, Robert Gniadecki, Piotr Stepnowski, Ewa Lojkowska
Rhaponticum carthamoides plants ("maral root") are widely used in Siberian folk medicine. The present study reports for the first time the presence of pentacyclic terpenoid, α-amyrin, in methanol extract from leaves of this plant. α-Amyrin induced proliferation of human keratinocytes (HaCaT) by about 18% while other extract components were ineffective. A panel of biochemical and cell-based assays testing the antioxidative and cytoprotective activites of α-amyrin indicated no antioxidative activity of this compound...
2012: Acta Biochimica Polonica
M B Plotnikov, A S Vasil'ev, O I Aliev, A M Anishchenko, E A Krasnov
The administration of the extract from Rhaponticum carthamoides (150 mg/kg, p.o., for 10 days) in combination with dosed low-power exercise in rats with experimental myocardial infarction led to an improvement of hemorheological indices, which was manifested by a decrease in the whole blood viscosity, aggregation of erythrocytes, and increase in erythrocyte deformability. In particular, the extract from R. carthamoides contributed to an increase in the hematocrit/blood viscosity, which was indicative of an improvement of the blood overall oxygen transport capacity...
2011: Eksperimental'naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia
Vilma Jurkštienė, Alvydas Pavilonis, Daiva Garšvienė, Algirdas Juozulynas, Laimutė Samsonienė, Dalia Daukšienė, Konstancija Jankauskienė, Genovaitė Simonienė-Kazlauskienė, Edgaras Stankevičius
The aim of the study was to determine antimicrobial activity of rhaponticum and shrubby cinquefoil extracts. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Ethanol extract from the leaves of rhaponticum (Rhaponticum carthamoides D.C. Iljin) and shrubby cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa L.) was produced at the Department of Food Technology, Kaunas University of Technology. The antimicrobial activity of the viscous extract or rhaponticum and shrubby cinquefoil was evaluated using standard microorganism cultures (bacteria Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 33499, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Proteus mirabilis ATCC 12459, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Bacillus cereus ATCC 8035 and fungi Candida albicans ATCC 60193)...
2011: Medicina
Zh I Islamova, V N Syrov, Z A Khushbaktova, S O Osipova
Ecdisten, the drug designed on the basis of the phytoecdisteroid ecdisterone isolated from Rhaponticum carthamoides, was used in the treatment of first diagnosed (primary) and persistent (resistant to traditional lambliacides) lambliasis. A control group received metronidazole. Daily parasitological monitoring of lamblia elimination while treating with ecdisten in a daily dose of 20 mg for 10 days indicated the absence of lamblia in 70% of the patients with primary lambliasis on days 3 to 5; in the remaining 30%, parasitic elimination was accomplished on days 6-7 of treatment...
April 2010: Meditsinskaia Parazitologiia i Parazitarnye Bolezni
Ladislav Kokoska, Dagmar Janovska
Rhaponticum carthamoides (Willd.) Iljin is a perennial herb, commonly known as a maral root or Russian leuzea, which has been used for centuries in eastern parts of Russia for its marked medicinal properties. This review based on 117 literary sources, with many of them being originally published in non-English languages (mainly in Russian), discusses the current knowledge of traditional uses, chemistry, biological effects and toxicity of this species. Several different classes of compounds were previously isolated from various parts of R...
May 2009: Phytochemistry
Jaroslav Havlik, Milos Budesinsky, Pavel Kloucek, Ladislav Kokoska, Irena Valterova, Sona Vasickova, Vaclav Zeleny
A detailed analysis of Rhaponticum carthamoides (Willd.) Iljin root essential oil was carried out by GC, GC-MS and GC-FTIR techniques. In total, 30 components were identified, accounting for 98.0% of total volatiles. A norsesquiterpene 13-norcypera-1(5),11(12)-diene (22.6%), followed by aplotaxene (21.2%) and cyperene (17.9%), were isolated and their structures confirmed by 1D and 2D-NMR spectra (COSY, ROESY, HSQC, HMBC and INADEQUATE). Selinene type sesquiterpenes and aliphatic hydrocarbons were among minor constituents of the essential oil...
February 2009: Phytochemistry
M B Plotnikov, O I Aliev, A S Vasil'ev, V Yu Andreeva, E A Krasnov, G I Kalinkina
Cerebral ischemia in rats was accompanied by an increase in erythrocyte degradation, which results from changes in lipid composition of their membranes. The content of lipids and phospholipid fraction (phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, and phosphatidylserine) decreased, while the relative content of lysophospholipids increased in erythrocyte membranes. The course of treatment with Rhaponticum carthamoides extract (150 mg/kg perorally, 5 days) contributed to an increase in the contents of total lipids and phospholipids (primarily of sphingomyelin and phosphatidylserine) and decrease in the ratio of lysophospholipids in the erythrocyte membrane of rats with cerebral ischemia...
July 2008: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
E Varga, K Szendrei, J Reisch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1982: Planta Medica
M B Plotnikov, S V Logvinov, N V Pugachenko, M Iu Maslov, O I Aliev, A S Vasil'ev, N I Suslov, A V Potapov
Electron microscopy and electrophysiological data reveal pronounced structural and functional disturbances in cerebral cortex of rats with model brain ischemia. A 5-day treatment with a dry extract from Rhaponticum carthamoides (Willd.) Iljin. in a daily dose of 150 mg/kg (p.o.) equivalent to 2.7 mg ecdysterone per kg body weight reduced manifestations of the ischemic damage, improved the structure of neurons, and restored brain activity (EEG parameters).
July 2005: Eksperimental'naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia
Giedrius Miliauskas, Teris A van Beek, Pieter de Waard, Rimantas P Venskutonis, Ernst J R Sudhölter
A hyphenated LC-DAD-SPE-NMR setup in combination with on-line radical scavenging detection has been applied for the identification of radical scavenging compounds in extracts of Rhaponticumcarthamoides. After NMR measurements, the pure compounds were infused into a mass spectrometer. The technique enabled selective detection and identification of individual radical scavenging compounds without any prior off-line chromatographic steps. Seven compounds, namely, quercetagetin-7-beta-glucopyranoside (1), quercetagetin-7-(6"-acetyl-beta-glucopyranoside) (3), 6-hydroxykaempferol-7-beta-glucopyranoside (2), 6-methoxykaempferol-3-beta-glucopyranoside (4), 6-hydroxykaempferol-7-(6"-acetyl-beta-glucopyranoside) (5), chlorogenic acid (6), and beta-ecdysone (7), were identified in ethanol or aqueous extracts...
February 2005: Journal of Natural Products
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1964: Die Pharmazie
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