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Yung-Luen Shih, Hsiao-Min Chou, Hsiu-Chen Chou, Hsu-Feng Lu, Yung-Lin Chu, Hung-Sheng Shang, Jing-Gung Chung
Casticin, a polymethoxyflavone, is one of the major active components obtained from Fructus viticis, which have been shown to have anticancer activities including induce cell apoptosis in human cancer cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which casticin inhibits cell migration and invasion of mouse melanoma B16F10 cells. Cell viability was examined by MTT assay and the results indicated that casticin decreased the total percentages of viable cells in dose-dependent manners...
April 26, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
Adam Graham Grieve, Hongmei Xu, Ulrike Künzel, Paul Bambrough, Boris Sieber, Matthew Freeman
Proteolytic cleavage and release from the cell surface of membrane-tethered ligands is an important mechanism of regulating intercellular signalling. TACE is a major shedding protease, responsible for the liberation of the inflammatory cytokine TNFα and ligands of the epidermal growth factor receptor. iRhoms, catalytically inactive members of the rhomboid-like superfamily, have been shown to control the ER-to-Golgi transport and maturation of TACE. Here, we reveal that iRhom2 remains associated with TACE throughout the secretory pathway, and is stabilised at the cell surface by this interaction...
April 22, 2017: ELife
Lianrui Liu, Xinmei Huang, Jianhua Liu, Wenyu Li, Yihong Ji, Di Tian, Lu Tian, Xinchao Yang, Lixin Xu, Ruofeng Yan, Xiangrui Li, Xiaokai Song
Clinical chicken coccidiosis is mostly caused by simultaneous infection of several Eimeria species, and host immunity against Eimeria is species-specific. It is urgent to identify common immunodominant antigen of Eimeria for developing multivalent anticoccidial vaccines. In this study, sporozoite proteins of Eimeria tenella, Eimeria acervulina and Eimeria maxima were analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE). Western bot analysis was performed on the yielded 2DE gel using antisera of E. tenella E. acervulina and E...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
Erik E Gómez-Cardona, Eric E Hernández-Domínguez, Aída J Velarde-Salcedo, Alberto-Barrera- Pacheco, Agustín Diaz-Gois, Antonio De León-Rodríguez, Ana P Barba de la Rosa
Obesity and type 2 diabetes(T2D) are the most prevalent and serious metabolic diseases affecting people worldwide. However racial and ethnic disparities seems to be a risk factor for their development. Mexico has been named as one of the largest populations with the highest prevalence of diabetes and obesity. The aim of this study was to identify novel T2D-associated proteins in Mexican patients. Blood samples were collected from 62 Mexican patients with T2D and they were grouped according to their body mass index(BMI)...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xin-Yu Zhou, Dian Xing Hu, Ruo Qiao Chen, Xiao Qian Chen, Wan-Li Dong, Cheng-la Yi
Mammalian 14-3-3 isoforms exist predominantly in the brain and are heavily involved in neurological diseases. However, the isoform-specific role of 14-3-3 proteins in the brain remains largely unclear. Here, we investigated the role of 14-3-3 isoforms in rat brains after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion. 14-3-3β, η, γ and ζ but not ε or τ were selectively upregulated in cerebral cortical neurons after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Selectively, 14-3-3β, γ and ζ were translocated from cytoplasm into the nuclei of neurons after I/R...
April 19, 2017: Neurochemical Research
Zhixiong Tang, Huiling Qiu, Lan Luo, Nian Liu, Jiasheng Zhong, Kang Kang, Deming Gou
Myogenesis involves myoblast proliferation and differentiation to myocytes, followed by fusion and hypertrophy to form myotubes during muscle development. Increasing evidence showed that microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the regulation of myogenesis. We have previously revealed that miR-34b is steadily increased during this process. This miRNA regulates differentiation in various cell types, though its function in myogenesis remains to be elucidated. In this study, we show that miR-34b represses muscle cell proliferation and promotes myotube formation...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Jutta Keicher, Nina Jaspert, Katrin Weckermann, Claudia Möller, Christian Throm, Aaron Kintzi, Claudia Oecking
Eukaryotic 14-3-3 proteins have been implicated in the regulation of diverse biological processes by phosphorylation-dependent protein-protein interactions. The Arabidopsis genome encodes two groups of 14-3-3s, one of which - epsilon - is thought to fulfill conserved cellular functions. Here, we assessed the in vivo role of the ancestral 14-3-3 epsilon group members. Their simultaneous and conditional repression by RNA interference and artificial microRNA in seedlings led to altered distribution patterns of the phytohormone auxin and associated auxin transport-related phenotypes, such as agravitropic growth...
April 19, 2017: ELife
Chiara Carmela Spinelli, Albino Carrizzo, Anna Ferrario, Francesco Villa, Antonio Damato, Mariateresa Ambrosio, Michele Madonna, Giacomo Frati, Sergio Fucile, Miriam Sciaccalunga, Mario Capunzo, Gaetano Calì, Luciano Milanesi, Anna Maciag, Annibale Alessandro Puca, Carmine Vecchione
Aims: Aging is associated with impairment of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and progressive reduction in endothelial function. A genetic study on long-living individuals - who are characterized by delays in aging and in the onset of cardiovascular disease - previously revealed I229V ( rs2070325 ) in BPIFB4 as a longevity-associated variant (LAV); the LAV protein enhanced endothelial NO production and vasorelaxation through a PERK/14-3-3/HSP90 signal. Here, we further characterize the molecular mechanisms underlying LAV-BPIFB4-dependent enhancement of vascular function...
April 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
Ahmed H Qavi, Tasnim F Imran, Zachariah Hasan, Fariha Ilyas, Usman Ghani, Salman Assad, Shabih Hasan
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative, invariably fatal brain disorder. CJD usually appears in later life and runs a rapid course. Typically, the onset of symptoms occurs about age 60 and about 90% of individuals die within one year. We report a case of 67-year-old male presented with progressive aphasia, confusion, dysphagia and inability to carry out activities of daily life (ADLs) over a period of three to four weeks. The patient had past medical history of chronic atrial fibrillation and hypertension...
March 14, 2017: Curēus
Jae Cheal Yoo, Nammi Park, Boah Lee, Abdullateef Nashed, Young-Sun Lee, Tae Hwan Kim, Da Yong Lee, Ajung Kim, Eun Mi Hwang, Gwan-Su Yi, Jae-Yong Park
Copine1 (CPNE1), known as a calcium-dependent membrane-binding protein, has tandem C2 domains and an A domain. We previously demonstrated that CPNE1 directly induces neuronal differentiation via Protein kinase B (AKT) phosphorylation in the hippocampal progenitor cell line, HiB5. To better understand its cellular function, we carried out a yeast two-hybrid screening to find CPNE1 binding partners. Among the identified proteins, 14-3-3γ appears to directly interact with CPNE1. Between CPNE1 and 14-3-3γ, the physical interaction as well as the specific binding regions of CPNE1 was confirmed in vitro and in vivo...
April 12, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Patrick Narbonne, Paul S Maddox, Jean-Claude Labbé
Under replete growth conditions, abundant nutrient uptake leads to the systemic activation of insulin/IGF-1 signalling (IIS) and the promotion of stem cell growth/proliferation. Activated IIS can stimulate the ERK/MAPK pathway, the activation of which also supports optimal stem cell proliferation in various systems. Stem cell proliferation rates can further be locally refined to meet the resident tissue's need for differentiated progeny. We have recently shown that the accumulation of mature oocytes in the C...
April 14, 2017: PLoS Genetics
Miroslava Kacirova, Jiri Novacek, Petr Man, Veronika Obsilova, Tomas Obsil
Phosducin (Pdc) is a conserved phosphoprotein that, when unphosphorylated, binds with high affinity to the complex of βγ-subunits of G protein transducin (Gtβγ). The ability of Pdc to bind to Gtβγ is inhibited through its phosphorylation at S54 and S73 within the N-terminal domain (Pdc-ND) followed by association with the scaffolding protein 14-3-3. However, the molecular basis for the 14-3-3-dependent inhibition of Pdc binding to Gtβγ is unclear. By using small-angle x-ray scattering, high-resolution NMR spectroscopy, and limited proteolysis coupled with mass spectrometry, we show that phosphorylated Pdc and 14-3-3 form a complex in which the Pdc-ND region 45-80, which forms a part of Pdc's Gtβγ binding surface and contains both phosphorylation sites, is restrained within the central channel of the 14-3-3 dimer, with both 14-3-3 binding motifs simultaneously participating in protein association...
April 11, 2017: Biophysical Journal
Xiaoyu Guo, Shujuan Xu, Kang Chong
In this issue of Molecular Cell, Liu et al. (2017) show that the cold-activated plasma membrane protein kinase CRPK1 phosphorylates 14-3-3 proteins, triggering its nuclear translocation to impair the stabilization of the transcription factor CBFs for a feedback excessive cold defense response during the freezing in Arabidopsis.
April 6, 2017: Molecular Cell
Diego Masone, Marina Uhart, Diego M Bustos
Twenty years ago, a novel concept in protein structural biology was discovered: the intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs). These regions remain largely unstructured under native conditions and the more are studied, more properties are attributed to them. Possibly, one of the most important is their ability to conform a new type of protein-protein interaction. Besides the classical domain-to-domain interactions, IDRs follow a 'fly-casting' model including 'induced folding'. Unfortunately, it is only possible to experimentally explore initial and final states...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Emre Yaprak, Murat Kasap, Gürler Akpınar, Sibel Kayaaltı-Yüksek, Alper Sinanoğlu, Nil Guzel, Husniye Demirturk Kocasarac
Gingiva is a unique tissue which protects the underlying periodontal tissues from consistent mechanical and bacterial aggressions. Molecular analysis of gingiva is likely to improve our understanding of the underlying biological processes at work. The aim of this preliminary exploratory study is to analyze the proteomic profile of healthy gingiva and to detect prominently expressed proteins. Gingival tissue samples were obtained from periodontally healthy individuals who underwent surgical crown lengthening procedure...
April 5, 2017: Odontology
Wei Yuan, Dongping Zhang, Tao Song, Feiyun Xu, Sheng Lin, Weifeng Xu, Qianfeng Li, Yiyong Zhu, Jiansheng Liang, Jianhua Zhang
Phosphorus deficiency in soil is one of the major limiting factors for plant growth. Plasma membrane H+-ATPase (PM H+-ATPase) plays an important role in the plant response to low-phosphorus stress (LP). However, few details are known regarding the action of PM H+-ATPase in mediating root proton (H+) flux and root growth under LP. In this study, we investigated the involvement and function of different Arabidopsis PM H+-ATPase genes in root H+ flux in response to LP. First, we examined the expressions of all Arabidopsis PM H+-ATPase gene family members (AHA1-AHA11) under LP...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Yongjian Lu, Sheng Ding, Ruiqing Zhou, Jianyong Wu
The serine/threonine protein kinase liver kinase B1 (LKB1) is a tumour suppressor and plays important roles in development and metabolism. It phosphorylates AMPK and AMPK-related kinases to regulate multiple physiological processes. Mutations in LKB1 often occur in multiple cancers. LKB1 can be suppressed by 14-3-3 proteins in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. Previously, the structure of a 14-3-3ζ-LKB1 fusion protein has been reported, revealing a phosphorylation-independent binding mode of LKB1 to 14-3-3 proteins...
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
Yeap S Ng, Alexandra Sorvina, Christie A Bader, Florian Weiland, Angel F Lopez, Peter Hoffmann, Tetyana Shandala, Douglas A Brooks
The evolutionary conserved family of 14-3-3 proteins appears to have a role in integrating numerous intracellular pathways, including signal transduction, intracellular trafficking, and metabolism. However, little is known about how this interactive network might be affected by the direct abrogation of 14-3-3 function. The loss of Drosophila 14-3-3ε resulted in reduced survival of mutants during larval-to-adult transition, which is known to depend on an energy supply coming from the histolysis of fat body tissue...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
Yuan He, Yang Zhang, Lihong Chen, Chunlai Wu, Qingchen Luo, Fan Zhang, Qiuhui Wei, Kexiu Li, Junli Chang, Guangxiao Yang, Guangyuan He
Plant 14-3-3 proteins are involved in diverse biological processes, but for the model monocotyledonous species, Brachypodium distachyon, their roles in abiotic stress tolerance are not well understood. In this study, a total of eight Bd14-3-3 genes were identified from B. distachyon and these were designated respectively as BdGF14a-BdGF14g. The qRT-PCR analyses of 3-month-old plants of B. distachyon showed that these genes were all expressed in the stems, leaves, and spikelets. By contrast, most of the plants had relatively lower transcriptional levels in their roots, except for the BdGF14g gene...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Ziyan Liu, Yuxin Jia, Yanglin Ding, Yiting Shi, Zhen Li, Yan Guo, Zhizhong Gong, Shuhua Yang
In plant cells, changes in fluidity of the plasma membrane may serve as the primary sensor of cold stress; however, the precise mechanism and how the cell transduces and fine-tunes cold signals remain elusive. Here we show that the cold-activated plasma membrane protein cold-responsive protein kinase 1 (CRPK1) phosphorylates 14-3-3 proteins. The phosphorylated 14-3-3 proteins shuttle from the cytosol to the nucleus, where they interact with and destabilize the key cold-responsive C-repeat-binding factor (CBF) proteins...
April 6, 2017: Molecular Cell
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