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Johannes Eimer, Jan Vesterbacka, Irina Savitcheva, Rayomand Press, Homayoun Roshanisefat, Piotr Nowak
RATIONALE: Cognitive dysfunction is a common presenting symptom in patients with HIV/AIDS. It is usually directly associated with HIV infection or due to opportunistic infection. Rapidly progressive dementia, however, is rarely observed in acute HIV infection or during immune reconstitution. Recently, a case of Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD) has been reported in a patient with chronic HIV infection. The incidence of CJD is not known to be increased among immunocompromised patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: We here report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with a recent diagnosis of HIV/AIDS and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia presenting with secondary behavioral changes and disorientation...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lyndsay Brown, William Foulsham, Savva Pronin, Andrew J Tatham
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of corneal biomechanical properties on intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained using a rebound self-tonometer (Icare HOME) compared to Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT). METHODS: An observational study of 100 patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. All had a comprehensive ophthalmic examination and standard automated perimetry. IOP was assessed by GAT, Icare HOME and Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA), which was also used to assess corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Zhongfeng Sun, Jiabin Song, Xi'an Xin, Xianan Xie, Bin Zhao
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are soil-borne fungi belonging to the ancient phylum Glomeromycota and are important symbionts of the arbuscular mycorrhiza, enhancing plant nutrient acquisition and resistance to various abiotic stresses. In contrast to their significant physiological implications, the molecular basis involved is poorly understood, largely due to their obligate biotrophism and complicated genetics. Here, we identify and characterize three genes termed Fm201 , Ri14-3-3 and RiBMH2 that encode 14-3-3-like proteins in the AM fungi Funneliformis mosseae and Rhizophagus irregularis , respectively...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Kaori Wakabayashi, Takahiko Umahara, Katsuiku Hirokawa, Haruo Hanyu, Toshiki Uchihara
α-Synuclein shares structural homology with 14-3-3 proteins. Seven 14-3-3 protein isoforms have been identified in mammals. Among them, the 14-3-3 sigma isoform was initially considered absent in the mammalian brain. However, we previously identified immunohistochemical association of 14-3-3 sigma with Pick bodies. Because 14-3-3 isoforms other than sigma isoform have been identified in Lewy bodies, we were prompted to look for this 14-3-3 sigma-like immunoreactivity (IR) in Lewy bodies in the brainstem, cerebral cortex, and Lewy neurites in seven patients with Lewy body disease...
March 16, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Bianca B Cognato, Sukwan Handali, Alessandra L Morassutti, Alexandre Januário da Silva, Carlos Graeff-Teixeira
Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a parasitic nematode and the main causative agent of human cerebral eosinophilic meningoencephalitis (EoM). A definitive diagnosis of EoM usually requires serologic or molecular analysis of the patient's clinical sample. Currently, a 31 kDa antigen is used in immunological tests for this purpose, however as a crude antigen preparation it may present cross-reactivity with other helminthic infections, especially echinococcosis. Heterologous expression studies using prokaryotic systems failed on producing antigenic proteins...
March 16, 2018: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Hoku West-Foyle, Priyanka Kothari, Jonathan Osborne, Douglas N Robinson
The 14-3-3 family comprises a group of small proteins that are essential, ubiquitous, and highly conserved across eukaryotes. Overexpression of the 14-3-3s sigma, epsilon, zeta, and eta correlates with high metastatic potential in multiple cancer types. In Dictyostelium , 14-3-3 promotes myosin II turnover in the cell cortex and modulates cortical tension, cell shape, and cytokinesis. In light of the important roles of 14-3-3 proteins across a broad range of eukaryotic species, we sought to determine how 14-3-3 proteins interact with myosin II...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ali Ben Djoudi Ouadda, Yi He, Viviane Calabrese, Hidetaka Ishii, Rony Chidiac, Jean-Philippe Gratton, Philippe P Roux, Nathalie Lamarche-Vane
Cdc42 GTPase-activating protein (CdGAP, also named ARHGAP31) is a negative regulator of the GTPases Rac1 and Cdc42. Associated with the rare developmental disorder Adams-Oliver Syndrome (AOS), CdGAP is critical for embryonic vascular development and VEGF-mediated angiogenesis. Moreover, CdGAP is an essential component in the synergistic interaction between TGFβ and ErbB-2 signaling pathways during breast cancer cell migration and invasion, and is a novel E-cadherin transcriptional co-repressor with Zeb2 in breast cancer...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Nengquan Sheng, Li Yan, Kai Wu, Weiqiang You, Jianfeng Gong, Landian Hu, Gewen Tan, Hongqi Chen, Zhigang Wang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common neoplasms worldwide. However, the mechanisms underlying its development are still poorly understood. Thyroid hormone Receptor Interactor 13 (TRIP13) is a key mitosis regulator, and recent evidence has shown that it is an oncogene. Here, we report that TRIP13, which is overexpressed in CRC, is correlated with the CEA (carcino-embryonic antigen), CA19-9 (carbohydrate antigen 19-9) and pTNM (pathologic primary tumor, lymph nodes, distant metastasis) classification...
March 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Yves Mugabo, Mina Sadeghi, Nancy N Fang, Thibault Mayor, Gareth E Lim
Adipogenesis involves a complex signaling network requiring strict temporal and spatial organization of effector molecules. Molecular scaffolds, such as 14-3-3 proteins, facilitate such organization, and we have previously identified 14-3-3ζ as an essential scaffold in adipocyte differentiation. The interactome of 14-3-3ζ is large and diverse, and it is possible that novel adipogenic factors may be present within it, but this possibility has not yet been tested. Herein, we generated mouse embryonic fibroblasts from mice overexpressing a TAP-epitope-tagged 14-3-3ζ molecule...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Clothilde Philouze, Philippe Obert, Stéphane Nottin, Asma Benamor, Olivier Barthez, Falah Aboukhoudir
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies are present in the literature on resting myocardial mechanics in patients with uncomplicated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Data are noticeably sparse regarding circumferential function and torsional mechanics. Resting deformation imaging may not be sensitive enough to detect subtle dysfunctions. The aim of this study was thus to comprehensively evaluate myocardial mechanics in patients with T2DM at rest and to investigate whether dobutamine stress echocardiography could unmask functional alterations that would remain otherwise subtle at rest...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Richard Salazar
INTRODUCTION: Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a prion disease characterized by rapidly progressive dementia, ataxia and myoclonus. Atypical phenotype masquerading as stroke, movement disorders or autoimmune encephalitis have been described. Here, I report a probable case of sCJD with an atypical presentation associated with anti-Zic4 antibody and review the literature of neuronal antibodies in CJD. CASE REPORT: A 70 year-old gentleman is admitted with a 2-month history of recurrent stroke-like symptoms associated with behavioral disturbances, gait ataxia and rapidly progressive dementia...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Marina E Borisova, Andrea Voigt, Maxim A X Tollenaere, Sanjeeb Kumar Sahu, Thomas Juretschke, Nastasja Kreim, Niels Mailand, Chunaram Choudhary, Simon Bekker-Jensen, Masato Akutsu, Sebastian A Wagner, Petra Beli
Ultraviolet (UV) light radiation induces the formation of bulky photoproducts in the DNA that globally affect transcription and splicing. However, the signaling pathways and mechanisms that link UV-light-induced DNA damage to changes in RNA metabolism remain poorly understood. Here we employ quantitative phosphoproteomics and protein kinase inhibition to provide a systems view on protein phosphorylation patterns induced by UV light and uncover the dependencies of phosphorylation events on the canonical DNA damage signaling by ATM/ATR and the p38 MAP kinase pathway...
March 9, 2018: Nature Communications
Sandra Huber, Tulin Karagenc, Dominic Ritler, Sven Rottenberg, Kerry Woods
Theileria annulata is an apicomplexan parasite that modifies the phenotype of its host cell completely, inducing uncontrolled proliferation, resistance to apoptosis and increased invasiveness. The infected cell thus resembles a cancer cell, and changes to various host cell signaling pathways accompany transformation. Most of the molecular mechanisms leading to Theileria-induced immortalization of leukocytes remain unknown. The parasite dissolves the surrounding host cell membrane soon after invasion and starts interacting with host proteins, ensuring its propagation by stably associating with the host cell microtubule network...
March 8, 2018: Cellular Microbiology
Padmavathi A V Thangella, Srinivas N B S Pasumarti, Raghu Pullakhandam, Bhanuprakash Reddy Geereddy, Manohar Rao Daggu
Drought is a major constraint to the productivity of many crops affecting various physiological and biochemical processes. Seventy percent of the peanuts are grown in semiarid tropics that are frequently prone to drought stress. So, we analyzed its effect in 4 cultivars of peanut, with different degrees of drought tolerance, under 10 and 20 days of water stress using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. A total of 189 differentially expressed protein spots were identified in the leaf proteome of all the 4 cultivars using PD Quest Basic software; 74 in ICGV 91114, 41 in ICGS 76, 44 in J 11 and 30 in JL 24...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Ai-Ling Tian, MingMin Lu, Guillermo Calderón-Mantilla, Evangelia Petsalaki, Tania Dottorini, XiaoWei Tian, YuJian Wang, Si-Yang Huang, Jun-Ling Hou, XiangRui Li, Hany M Elsheikha, Xing-Quan Zhu
BACKGROUND: The molecular structure of Fasciola gigantica 14-3-3 protein has been characterized. However, the involvement of this protein in parasite pathogenesis remains elusive and its effect on the functions of innate immune cells is unknown. We report on the cloning and expression of a recombinant F. gigantica 14-3-3 epsilon protein (rFg14-3-3e), and testing its effects on specific functions of goat peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). METHODS: rFg14-3-3e protein was expressed in Pichia pastoris...
March 6, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Jing Wang, Kang Xiao, Wei Zhou, Chen Gao, Cao Chen, Qi Shi, Xiao-Ping Dong
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease (GSS) with the P102L mutation in PRNP gene is characterized with progressive cerebellar dysfunction clinically and PrPSc plaques neurologically. Due to the cerebellar ataxia in the early stage, GSS P102L is often misdiagnosed as other neurodegenerative disorders. We presented here a 49-year-old female patient with proven P102L PRNP mutation, and three heterologous mutations in hereditary ataxias associated gene SYNE1, including p.V3643L, p.M3376V and p.T2860A. The patient appeared progressive unsteady gait in early stage and developed the Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD) - associated clinical manifestations, including progressive dementia, myoclonus, pyramidal and extrapyramidal signs...
March 6, 2018: Prion
Fa-Cai Li, Qing Liu, Hany M Elsheikha, Wen-Bin Yang, Jun-Ling Hou, Xing-Quan Zhu
Toxoplasma gondii deploys many effector proteins in order to hijack and manipulate host cell signaling pathways, allowing parasite colonization, subversion of immune responses, and disease progression. T. gondii effector protein 14-3-3 (Tg14-3-3) promotes parasite dissemination inside the body, by enhancing the migratory ability of infected microglia and dendritic cells. Understanding both the mechanism of action and the host targets of Tg14-3-3 effector is important because of their importance to the parasite's virulence...
March 3, 2018: Parasitology Research
Florian M Vogt, Peter Hunold, Julian Haegele, Erik Stahlberg, Jörg Barkhausen, Jan Peter Goltz
PURPOSE:  Calculation of process-orientated costs for inpatient endovascular treatment of peripheral artery disease (PAD) from an interventional radiology (IR) perspective. Comparison of revenue situations in consideration of different ways to calculate internal treatment charges (ITCs) and diagnosis-related groups (DRG) for an independent IR department. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Costs (personnel, operating, material, and indirect costs) for endovascular treatment of PAD patients in an inpatient setting were calculated on a full cost basis...
March 1, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Bingjuan Li, Guohui Xiao, Kaisheng Luo, Zhengyi Wang, Bizeng Mao, Xinchun Lin, Xiaoqin Guo
14-3-3 Proteins are a family of highly conserved regulatory molecules expressed in all eukaryotic cells and regulate a diverse set of biological responses in plants. However, their functions in flowering of Phyllostachys violascens are poorly understood. In this study, four non-
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Amna Klich, Catherine Mercier, Laurent Gerfault, Pierre Grangeat, Corinne Beaulieu, Elodie Degout-Charmette, Tanguy Fortin, Pierre Mahé, Jean-François Giovannelli, Jean-Philippe Charrier, Audrey Giremus, Delphine Maucort-Boulch, Pascal Roy
BACKGROUND: In the field of biomarker validation with mass spectrometry, controlling the technical variability is a critical issue. In selected reaction monitoring (SRM) measurements, this issue provides the opportunity of using variance component analysis to distinguish various sources of variability. However, in case of unbalanced data (unequal number of observations in all factor combinations), the classical methods cannot correctly estimate the various sources of variability, particularly in presence of interaction...
March 1, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
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