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Cecil J Gomes, Sara M Centuori, Michael W Harman, Charles W Putnam, Charles W Wolgemuth, Jesse D Martinez
Several studies have demonstrated that specific 14-3-3 isoforms are frequently elevated in cancer and that these proteins play a role in human tumorigenesis. 14-3-3γ, an isoform recently demonstrated to function as an oncoprotein, is overexpressed in a variety of human cancers; however, its role in promoting tumorigenesis remains unclear. We previously reported that overexpression of 14-3-3γ caused the appearance of polyploid cells, a phenotype demonstrated to have profound tumor promoting properties. Here we examined the mechanism driving 14-3-3γ-induced polyploidization and the effect this has on genomic stability...
November 2017: Genes & Cancer
Yuan Yao, Xiaoping Dong, Hongzhi Guan, Qiang Lu
RATIONALE: Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) mainly occurs in the elderly, with the peak age of onset ranging from 55 to 75 years. The symptoms of sCJD are not unique, and laboratory tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram (EEG) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)14-3-3 protein have low sensitivity or specificity. Therefore, excluding treatable diseases and establishing a diagnosis could be difficult in young patients with suspected sCJD. Recently, real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC) has been used in the diagnosis of sCJD, with more than 95% sensitivity and 100% specificity...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Guangli Cao, Yongchang Gong, Xiaolong Hu, Min Zhu, Zi Liang, Lixu Huang, Lei Yu, Jian Xu, Kun Li, Mian Sahib Zar, Renyu Xue, Chengliang Gong
The polycistronic and non-canonical gene tarsal-less (tal, known as pri) was reported to be required for embryonic and imaginal development in Drosophila; however, there are few reports of the tal gene in the silkworm Bombyx mori. Here, we cloned a tal-like (Bmtal) gene, and a sequence analysis showed that the Bmtal cDNA (1661 bp) contains five small open reading frames (smORFs) (A1, A2, A3, A4, and B) that encode short peptides of 11-12 (A1-A4) amino acid residues containing an LDPTG(E)L(Q)(V)Y motif that is conserved in Drosophila Tal, as well as a 32-amino-acid B peptide...
January 6, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Tian-Jun Zhang, Liang Shi, Dong-Dong Chen, Rui Liu, Deng-Ke Shi, Chen-Gao Wu, Ze-Hua Sun, Ang Ren, Ming-Wen Zhao
Ganoderma lucidum, which contains many pharmacologically active compounds, is regarded as a traditional medicinal fungus. Nevertheless, the scarcity of basic research limits the commercial value and utilization of G. lucidum. As a class of highly conserved, phosphopeptide-binding proteins present in all eukaryotes, 14-3-3 proteins play vital roles in controlling multiple physiological processes, including signal transduction, primary metabolism, and stress responses. However, knowledge of the roles of 14-3-3 proteins in Basidiomycetes is sparse...
January 5, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Karine D Bojikian, Philip P Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP) after phacoemulsification in open angle glaucoma (OAG) patients with uncontrolled or marginally controlled glaucoma and/or severe visual field (VF) loss. METHODS: Retrospective case series of OAG patients without prior glaucoma surgery undergoing phacoemulsification. Uncontrolled or marginally controlled glaucoma was defined as IOP>21▒mm Hg despite maximally tolerated medications or requiring more than 3 topical drugs for IOP control...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Yunqing Yu, David Chakravorty, Sarah M Assmann
Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding (G) proteins are composed of Gα, Gβ, and Gγ subunits, and function as molecular switches in signal transduction. In Arabidopsis thaliana there are one canonical Gα (GPA1), three extra-large Gα (XLG1, XLG2 and XLG3), one Gβ (AGB1) and three Gγ (AGG1, AGG2 and AGG3) subunits. To elucidate AGB1 molecular signaling, we performed immunoprecipitation using plasma membrane enriched proteins followed by mass spectrometry to identify the protein interactors of AGB1. After eliminating proteins present in the control immunoprecipitation, commonly identified contaminants, and organellar proteins, a total of 103 candidate AGB1-associated proteins were confidently identified...
January 4, 2018: Plant Physiology
Kun Lu, Gang Rui, Fan Liu, Ling Yang, Xiaoling Deng, Songlin Shi, Qifu Li
The 14-3-3 protein family may regulates protein interaction, transportation and cellular localization. The regulatory role of 14-3-3ε is influenced by its altered localization. In the present study, human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells were treated with curcumin to induce apoptosis. Subsequently, the altered expression and localization of 14-3-3ε and its co-localization with other apoptosis-associated proteins during apoptosis was investigated. Analysis of nuclear matrix proteins (NMPs), using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis with matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, revealed that 14-3-3ε existed on the nuclear matrix of MG-63 cells, and its expression was decreased compared with that in control cells following curcumin treatment...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Yuxia Jiao, Siqi Tan, Junyu Xiong
Sepsis is defined as life threatening organ dysfunction arising from a dysregulated host response to infection. The outcomes of sepsis include early mortality, delayed mortality and recovery, and depend on the inflammatory response. Previous studies have demonstrated that regulatory T cells (Tregs) are important in determining the outcome of sepsis, as their suppressive function serves a role in maintaining immune homeostasis. However, Treg-mediated immunosuppression during the course of sepsis remains unclear and little is known about the survival of patients following diagnosis...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Carsten Schmuck, Martin Ehlers, Jean-Noel Grad, Sumit Mittal, David Bier, Marcel Mertel, Ludwig Ohl, Maria Bartel, Jeroen Briels, Marius Heimann, Christian Ottmann, Elsa Sanchez-Garcia, Daniel Hoffmann
14-3-3 proteins play a central role in signaling pathways in cells: they interact as gatekeeper proteins with a huge number of binding partners. Their function as hub for intracellular communication can explain why these adapter proteins are associated with a wide range of diseases. How they control the various cellular mechanisms is still unclear, but it is assumed that the dimeric nature of the 14-3-3 proteins plays a key role in their activity. Here we present, to the best of our knowledge, the first example of a small molecule binding to the 14-3-3ζ dimerization interface...
December 28, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Sanaz Attaripour Isfahani, Michelle Dougherty, Gediminas Peter Gliebus
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease accounts for more than 90% of all sporadic prion disease cases. The molecular MM2 genotype has been divided into cortical and thalamic subtypes based on structures involved and is characterized clinically by progressive dementia without ataxia or typical electroencephalography changes. Proposed diagnostic criteria for MM2 cortical type sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease include progressive dementia, cortical hyper-intensity on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, increased cerebrospinal fluid 14-3-3 protein level, and the exclusion of other types of dementia...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Beatriz A Ibarra, Jessica M Lohmar, Timothy Satterlee, Taylor McDonald, Jeffrey W Cary, Ana M Calvo
The opportunistic plant pathogenic fungus Aspergillus flavus produces carcinogenic mycotoxins termed aflatoxins (AFs). Aflatoxin contamination of agriculturally important crops such as maize, peanut, sorghum and tree nuts is responsible for serious adverse health and economic impacts worldwide. In order to identify possible genetic targets to reduce AF contamination, we have characterized the artA gene, encoding a putative 14-3-3 homolog in A. flavus The artA deletion mutant presents a slight decrease in vegetative growth and alterations in morphological development and secondary metabolism...
December 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Benjamin Bollhöner, Soile Jokipii-Lukkari, Joakim Bygdell, Simon Stael, Mathilda Adriasola, Luis Muñiz, Frank Van Breusegem, Inés Ezcurra, Gunnar Wingsle, Hannele Tuominen
Metacaspases (MCs) are cysteine proteases that are implicated in programmed cell death of plants. AtMC9 (Arabidopsis thaliana Metacaspase9) is a member of the Arabidopsis MC family that controls the rapid autolysis of the xylem vessel elements, but its downstream targets in xylem remain uncharacterized. PttMC13 and PttMC14 were identified as AtMC9 homologs in hybrid aspen (Populus tremula × tremuloides). A proteomic analysis was conducted in xylem tissues of transgenic hybrid aspen trees which carried either an overexpression or an RNA interference construct for PttMC13 and PttMC14...
December 15, 2017: New Phytologist
Jérôme Clatot, Malcolm Hoshi, Xiaoping Wan, Haiyan Liu, Ankur Jain, Krekwit Shinlapawittayatorn, Céline Marionneau, Eckhard Ficker, Taekjip Ha, Isabelle Deschênes
Fast opening and closing of voltage-gated sodium channels are crucial for proper propagation of the action potential through excitable tissues. Unlike potassium channels, sodium channel α-subunits are believed to form functional monomers. Yet, an increasing body of literature shows inconsistency with the traditional idea of a single α-subunit functioning as a monomer. Here we demonstrate that sodium channel α-subunits not only physically interact with each other but they actually assemble, function and gate as a dimer...
December 12, 2017: Nature Communications
Jenna E McGowan, Jacqueline Kratch, Saurabh Chattopadhyay, Bina Joe, Heather R Conti, Ritu Chakravarti
The ubiquitously expressed 14-3-3 family of proteins is evolutionarily conserved from yeast to mammals. Their involvement in humoral and cellular immune responses is emerging through studies in drosophila and humans. In humans, a select group of 14-3-3 isoforms are antigenic; however the determinants of their antigenicity are not known. Here, we show that although mammalian 14-3-3 proteins are mostly conserved, subtle differences between their isoforms may give rise to their antigenicity. We observed syntenic relations among all the isoforms of 14-3-3 for mammals, but not with that of birds or amphibians...
2017: PloS One
Xiao Chen, Ye Sun, Haiyan Huang, Wei Liu, Panpan Hu, Xinfeng Huang, Fei Zou, Jianjun Liu
The potent neurotoxin saxitoxin produced by both marine and freshwater phytoplankton causes paralytic shellfish poisoning syndrome. The toxicity and mode of action of the acute exposure of high-dose saxitoxin have been intensively studied for decades; however, the potential risk of exposure of low-dose saxitoxin remained to be uncovered. Here we present a proteomics study of murine neuroblastoma N2A cell with low-dose saxitoxin exposure (1 nM and 10 nM, 24-h intoxication). Differential proteins were profiled by two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS)...
December 11, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Haoyuan Jia, Zhaofeng Liang, Xu Zhang, Juanjuan Wang, Wenrong Xu, Hui Qian
Autophagy is a cell digestion process that determines cell fate by promoting cell survival or inducing cell death in a cell context-dependent manner. Several classical signaling pathways, such as phosphoinositide-3-kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin, tightly regulate autophagy. 14-3-3 proteins regulate various signaling pathways by phosphorylation-dependent binding with partner proteins. 14-3-3 proteins also regulate autophagy by binding with autophagy-related proteins such as Beclin-1 and hVPS34. This review summarizes the role of 14-3-3 proteins in the control of autophagy in cancer, neurodegenerative diseases and other pathological conditions...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
Chen Gao, Qiang Shi, Jing Wei, Wei Zhou, Kang Xiao, Jing Wang, Qi Shi, Xiao-Ping Dong
Prion diseases are a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders that affect humans and animals. Besides of the pathological agent, prion, there are some elements that can influence or determine susceptibility to prion infection and the clinical phenotype of the diseases, e.g., the polymorphism in PRNP gene. Another polymorphism in ZBTB38-RASA2 has been observed to be associated with the susceptibility of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (sCJD) in UK. MicroRNAs are endogenous small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression by targeting mRNAs and triggering either translation repression or RNA degradation...
December 8, 2017: Prion
Tim Sonntag, Joan M Vaughan, Marc Montminy
The salt-inducible kinase (SIK) family regulates cellular gene expression via the phosphorylation of cAMP-responsive transcriptional coactivators (CRTCs) and class IIA histone deacetylases (HDACs), which are sequestered in the cytoplasm by phosphorylation-dependent 14-3-3 interactions. SIK activity towards these substrates is inhibited by increases in cAMP signaling, although the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here we show that the PKA-dependent phosphorylation of SIKs inhibits their catalytic activity by inducing 14-3-3 protein binding...
December 6, 2017: FEBS Journal
K M Suen, C C Lin, C Seiler, R George, G Poncet-Montange, A B Biter, Z Ahmed, S T Arold, J E Ladbury
Scaffold proteins play important roles in regulating signalling network fidelity, the absence of which is often the basis for diseases such as cancer. In the present work, we show that the prototypical scaffold protein Shc is phosphorylated by the extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Erk. In addition, Shc threonine phosphorylation is specifically up-regulated in two selected triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell lines. To explore how Erk-mediated threonine phosphorylation on Shc might play a role in the dysregulation of signalling events, we investigated how Shc affects pathways downstream of EGF receptor...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Quanming Wu, Jianwei Zhu, Fan Liu, Jin Liu, Mingpeng Li
The 14-3-3 protein isoform β (14‑3‑3β), which is an intracellular adaptor protein that exists in all eukaryotic organisms, is highly expressed in many cancer tissues, including glioma, lung carcinoma and breast cancer. However, 14‑3‑3β expression and function in osteosarcoma progression remain unknown. In the present study, the endogenous expression of 14‑3‑3β was assessed in osteosarcoma samples and the effect of 14‑3‑3β knockdown was examined in human osteosarcoma MG63 cells using small interfering RNA (siRNA)...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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